|Vaachak||word, speaker, one well versed in 12 angas.|
|Vaachak Vaachya sambandh||Relation between word and its meaning|
|Vaachaka||(1) Word; (2) Speaker; (3) One well versed in 12 angas;|
(4) Expressive; (5) Canonical teacher; (6) Scholarly position
|Vaachana||Words; Sermons; Statement; Reading; Speech voice|
|Vaachana bala||Verbal strength/activity|
|Vaachana duspranidhana||Improper speech|
|Vaachana gupti||Speech/language guard|
|Vaachana yoga||Activity of words, speech|
meaning, expressible in words,intended, fit, to be spoken; that should be spoken to.
|Vaachya||(1) Meaning; (2) Expressible in words; (3) Expressible;|
(4) Vaachak – signifier and signified expressive and expressed
|Vaachya vaachak||signifier and signified expressive and expressed|
discussion; debate; interpretation of Scriptures; controversy; dispute; rivalry, competition; theory, argument, the discussion in which there is involvement of winning and loosing is involved is known as vaad.
|Vaada||(1) Describe; (2) Ism; (3) Theory, Disputation; Debate|
expert in spiritual argument, the plaintiff, a complainant, exponent, disputant, proponent,
(1) Expert in spiritual argument; (2) Speaker or sayer believer in a particular theory; (3) The plantiff a complainant; (4) Principal note of a mode of music; (5) Rival ; (6) Complainant; (7) Plaintiff; (7) Snake charmer
|Vaadi prativaadi nyaay nirnay||determination of right between disputant and opposition|
|Vaaditva riddhi||Discoursal super-attainment.|
enclosure, compound, behind house; pen or fold for sheep and goats; street; latrine; party, faction.
|Vaadvivaad||debate, discussion; disputation.|
|Vaagyoga||Activity; Vocal activity|
|Vaakyopayoga||To repeat same sentence over and over again|
|Vaanchana||Study or reading|
vocal speech, voice, language, speech; language; words; organ of speech, tongue; note; Saraswati, goddess of speech
|Vaani||Voice; Vocal speech; Language|
|Vaartika||Logical commentary; Explainatory|
wish, desire, inclination; impression on the mid of past actions which produces pleasure or pain; smell; odor, instinct, sentiments, wrong motive, wrong intention, wrong meaning ,wrong opinion; wrong purpose, wrong intention,wrong intended meaning
|Vaastavik||real, true; proper, parmaarth,|
|Vaastu||house, place to stay, shelter, refuge, support, swa dravya kshetra kaal bhaav|
|Vaastvikataa||reality, true fact; propriety.|
road, path; waiting; wick (of lamp); wick (inserted in wound to drain it); iron band or tyre of wheel.
Fraternity towards coreligionists, joy and affection towards the right path and those following the path and propagation of true path, attitude of love and devotion, affection, tenderness,
Dis-interested/selfless affection (love); Fraternity towards coreligionists; The love of a mother towards children.
|Vaatsalya swami||Affection for co-religionists|
|Vacate||speaker; eloquent speaker, orator.|
|Vachan agochar||imperceptible by spoken words.|
|Vachanaachaarya||Canonical teacher; Scholarly position|
|Vachanaatit||beyond spoken words, indescribable|
|Vacya-vacaka-bhava:||Relationship of the word and its meaning|
|Vad||dark half of lunar month, banyan tree,|
|Vadara Nigoda Shunya-Vargana:||Gross common-body-indiffrent-molecule|
|Vadara Nigoda-Vargana:||Gross common-body-molecule|
Vadeeneeti means go to toilet for solid excretion activity while laghuneeti is to go for urinating activity
|Vadvaanal||fabulous sub marine fire.|
|Vaggupti:||Preservation of speech.|
|Vaha||A measure, 800 Adhakas|
|Vaibhaavik bhaav||passionate feelings contrary to the real nature of soul.|
|Vaibhaavik kriyaa||passionate activities contrary to the real nature of soul|
interactive capacity, power causing passionate feelings contrary to the real nature of soul.
|Vaibhav||glory, grandeur; wealth.|
|Vaibhava||Glory; Grandeur; Wealth|
|Vaidhamyopanita||Knowledge through dissimilarity|
|Vaihaysika marana||Death by hanging|
|Vaikalika:||[Texts studied] beyond the prescribed hours|
Fluid (body); Other four body forms are (1) audarika (gross); (2) aharaka (assimilative); (3) taijasa (caloric); and (4) karman (made of karma particles).
|Vaikriya sharir||fluid body.|
|Vaikriya sharir kaa samay prabaddh||to accept the material particle suitable for fluid body in one samay.|
|Vaikriyaka||Super natural power of creation|
|Vaikriyaka misra||Fluid body associated with karmic body|
|Vaikriyaka samudghaata||Transformational extrication|
Transformational body; Protean body; Fluid body; Fluid body of assuming various forms, usually Gods in heaven or hellish being in hell possess.
|Vaikriyika-mishra:||Fluid with karmic.|
|Vaikriyika:||Fluid,the body of hellish and celestial beings, which they can change at will.|
|Vainayik mithyatva||wrong belief pertaining to pay equal respect to all deities and all religions|
Perversity due to indeterminate opinion. wrong belief pertaining to pay equal respect to all deities and all religions
|Vainayika-mithyatva:||Mithyatva due to indiscriminate openmindedness|
|Vaineyika:||Religion is identical with veneration of parents, king, etc., e.g., Confucianism.|
indifference to the world, absence of worldly desires, asceticism, renunciation, aversion from worldly life, detachment from worldly life, non attachment.
(1) Detachment; (2) Non-attachment; (3) Indifference to body world and material gratification and indulgence of five senses; (4) Indifference to the world, absence of worldly desires, ascetism, renunciation, aversion from worldly life, detachment from worldly life, non attachment;
(5) Giving up or reducing the raaga towards sansaar
|Vairaagya bhaavana||emotions of aversion from worldly life|
a particular time after midnight, A time of 48 minutes past midnight till 48 minutes prior to sun rise. This is the time for monk to do swaadhyaay. (see kaalaachaar for further details). It is also known as apar raatri.
|Vairagya:||Aversion leading to renunciation, The non-attachment to sense pleasures.|
|Vaisesika||An Indian philosophy|
Purity, nirmaltaa, vishadataa, clearness, brightness, freshness, distinctness, intelligibleness, vividness,
|Vaisrasiak bandha||Natural bond|
|Vaisrasik||natural activity of the matter, sahaj jad ki kriyaa.|
|Vaisya:||A member of the merchant caste|
|Vaitrushnya||vitaraagataa is vaitrushnya., see also vitrushna.|
|Vaivahiki kriya||Wedding activity|
|Vaivahiki-kriya:||The wedding ceremony|
|Vaiyaarthya||Respectful and selfless service|
|Vaiyaavachch||Vaiyavrutya, pious respectful service to saints.|
|Vaiyaavachchha||To serve and care the guru or teacher and old people|
|Vaiyaavrattya||Respectful service to the holy saints in difficulty|
|Vaiyaavruti||pious service to saints.|
|Vaiyavrittya-karana:||Serving the meritorious..|
|Vaiyavritya:||Service of the saints or worthy people–internal austerity.|
|Vajra||Diamond; Hard stubborn strong|
|Vajra naracha sanhanana||Admantine ligatures; Strong Diamond like ties|
|Vajra vrasabha naracha samhanana||Perfect bone-joints; Adamantine ligatures and bones|
|Vajra-naracha-Samhanana:||Adamantine, joints and bones.|
|Vajra-rishabha-aracha-Samhanana:||Adamantine, nerves, joints and bones.|
|Vajrapaat||stroke of lighting; fall of thunder belt; sudden and terrific calamity.|
|Vakra gati||Curved motion; Zigzag motion|
|Valan||bent or inclination of mind; bent, winding, curve;|
|Valana||Circular motion; Shame|
|Valana marana||De-restraintal death|
|Valaya:||Layer of teh atmosphere|
|Vamana||Dwarf figure/configuration; Vomit|
|Van bhojan||dining in wood or garden; picnic.|
|Van char||living in a forest, wild. m. animal, man, living in forest; monkey.|
|Van devataa||sylvan deity|
|Van devi||sylvan deity|
|Van maalaa||garland of wild flower; (ShriKrishna's) garland of flowers reaching up to knees.|
Family and service to society. This is the third of four stages that a Jain shravak and shravika are recommended
to pass through in his or her lifetime
|Vanaspatikaaya||Flora bodies; Vegetable bodies; Vegetable or plant kingdom|
bowing, ceremonial and humble greeting of a spiritual teacher, obeisance, salutation, adoration, worship, reverence, praise, praise with the verbal words, vachan thi stuti karvi te. In namokar mantra pranaam as well as vandan are included.
(1) Act of bowing, or offering salutations; (2) Reverent salutation; (3) Bow or Salute with reverence; (4) Salutations of Sadhus or monks and reverent people; (5) Obeisance; (6) Pranaama; (7) Salute; (8) Ceremonial and humble greeting of a spiritual teacher, salutation,
adoration, worship, reverence, praise
|Vandhyaa sri||barren woman, unproductive woman, infertile woman, sterile woman,|
|Vandya||the dark half of a lunar month, worthy of salutation.|
|Vandya vandank bhaav|
to show the respect to the worthy one. It is present only up to six spiritual development stage only.
|Vang:||Movement by speech|
|Vanraaj||king of forest, lion,|
|Vanraaji||long line, grove, of trees; long tract of forest; forest track.|
|Vansapatra yoni||Plane birthplace; Bambloo-leafal birthplace|
|Varaakaa||poor, miserable, beggar,|
category, group, square, bundle of potencies incorporated in a single indivisible atoms which forms the basis of karmic matter. potency of karmic dust particle is defined in terms of number of units of different attributes is known as avibhaag pratichchheda. A group with the same potency of these avibhaag pratichchheda is known as varga.
|Varga||Atomic potency of karmic matter; Category; Group; Square|
|Varga salaka||Super-variformal groping|
type of karmic molecules constituted by a number of vargas or karmic atoms, name of molecule of infinite atoms, aggregate of same molecules of some matter., collection of varga is known as varganaa.
(1) Molecules or group of atoms; (2) Aggregatal grouping, variform.; (3) Aggregate of molecules of same kind or different kinds forming a worldy object of matters.
|Varjan||discard, to give up,|
color; letter of the alphabet; form, appearance; sort. m., f. any one of the four classes or divisions (varnas) of Hindu society; caste.
|Varna (ળણય)||(1) Caste, hierarchy, or class or society; (2) Color of skin;|
(3) A quality of matter
|Varna vyavasthaa||Caste system|
|Varna-vyavastha:||Class/ caste system|
|Varna:||Caste hierarchy/ class; color; a quality of matter, Letters|
Ritual celebrating the establishment of a new household by a married son; Ritual by married son
|Varnalabha:||Ritual celebrating the establishment of a new household by a married son|
|Varnya sama||Illustration for doubtful probandum|
|Varsa||Continent; Year; Country|
|Varsavasa||Rainy season residence|
|Varsayoga||Rainy season residence|
પોતપોતાના પયkયની ઉFપિrમા+ Jવય+éવ (વતIમાન gવાિદ tuયો6 િનિમrde (eરણા કરવી H. instrumental cause. Vartanaa means minute transformation occurring in a substance which are not perceivable. in contrast, parinaam means the transformation which are perceptible.
|Vartanaa||To exist; Assisting in their continuity of being; Minute change; Perduration|
behave, act; become; be; subsist. v. t. make out, guess; predict; [poet.] see; give according to usage.
|Varuni dharana||Meditational conception with water element.|
|Varuni-dharana:||A process of meditational “cleansing,” accompanied with the water element.|
|Vasana||Predisposition; Impression; Latency; Sanskaara|
|Vasana:||Memory impression, Trace|
|Vasarta marana||Death due to overindulgence|
|Vasat||Incantational seed/Invocational word|
subject to, under the control of; subdued, obedient; charmed, fascinated. m. control.
purnataa, completeness, one has completed the action of aahvahan, sthaapanam and sannidhikarana. Ek kriyaa ke baad purnataa hote par vashat shabd kaa upygo kiyaa jaata hai . This is “raudhik” shabd hai. Vashat is an avyay shabd.
object, thing, substance, matter, infinite attributes and modes residing in a substance is known as vastu, the one in which the attributes and modes reside.
|Vastu||Entity; Real entity; Object; Thing; Substance|
|Vastu dharma||attribute of a thing|
|Vastu kaala||Architecture; Civil engineering|
|Vastuswarupa||Nature; Shape; Characateristic etc. of different six dravyas|
nature of reality of any substance, reality, objectivity attribute, causal efficiency attribute
|Vastutva||Functionality; Nature of reality of any substance; Reality; Objectivity|
|Vastutva:||capacity by which a substance has a fuction, Functionality|
|Vasudhara||Divine shower of gold/gems|
|Vata rasana||Naked saints|
Disinterested affection, Tender affection for one’s brother on the path of Liberation.
|Vayah sthavira||Senior (above 70 years) sage/saints.|
|Ved kashaya||passion of lust,|
|Veda||Sex desire; The Vedas scriptures of Hindus; Sexual feelings; Libido.|
|Veda:||Sex-consciousness, Sexual feelings|
|Vedak||sufferer of karmic results., one who experiences results of karma|
desire to experience certain inclinations, vedan karne vaalaa bhaav. (samaysaar stanza 216)
|Vedak samyakdrasti||one with destructive right belief.|
|Vedak samyaktava||destructive substantial right belief.|
|Vedaka karma||Enjoyer; Experiencer|
|Vedaka samyaktva||Distruction-cum-subsidential right faith.|
|Vedaka-samyaktva:||A synonym for ksayopasamika-samyaktva|
experience, knowledge, to know and to experience is vedan., knowing, knowledge; experiencing; feeling. vedan nirvikalpa avasthaa maa chhe, Hu vedu chhu te savikalpa dasha thai. Gnaan apexa e nirvikalpa ane savikalpa ek j samaye chhe,
|Vedana||(1) To Feel or feeling; (2) Knowing or knowledge; (3) Experience of experiencing|
|Vedana samudghata||Extrication of soul points due to intense pain|
|Vedanaa||Destress; Tactile feeling; Suffering; Pain; Anguish;|
Misery; Knowing, knowledge; Experiencing; Feeling
|Vedanaa bhaya||one of the seven fears of bodily painful suffering.|
|Vedanaa bodha||Experience of distress|
|Vedanaa samudghata||Distressal extrication|
|Vedaniya||An aghaatiya karma that determines mundane experience of pains and pleasures|
|Vedaniya karma||Feeling producing karma|
|Vedaniya-karma:||Karma responsible for mundane experience of pain and pleasure|
|Vedatraya||triplet of gender|
|Vedi suddhi||ritual of purification of altar of the temple.|
|Vedniya||karma causing the experience of pain and pleasure.|
the inclination which gets to be experienced, jis bhaav kaa vedan kiyaa jaataa hai, The desire of certain inclinations from the past is now getting experienced at this moment. (samaysaar stanza 216)
|vedya vedak bhaav|
soul has desire for certain inclination (vedak bhaav) and that inclination comes in experiencing state in the future mode.(vedya bhaav) Therefore they both are occurring at different samays. When desire is there, the experience is not there and vice versa. Both states are the deluding states of the soul. (samaysaar stanza 216)
(1) Power or strength; (2) Reproductive capacity; (3) Sperm; (4) Strength; (5) A pure soul has infinite strength;
|Veetaraaga||(1) Beyond attachment (räga) and aversion (dwesha); (2) Disinterestedness|
|Veetaraagataa||State with no attachment and aversion|
|Veetaraagi Jin||One who is beyond attachement and aversion|
|Veeyavachcha||To bow to guru with whole body on ground with face down|
|Vega||Flow; Flow of bhaava|
|Vibhaag||to differentiate, to separate.|
|Vibhaaga||Divisive/Conditional doctrine; Aspectism|
|Vibhaasa||Optionality; Special exposition|
vishesh, common difference, specific, particularity, special, peculiar, particular, distinctive
|Vibhaav arth paryaay|
alienated substantive modification, e.g. modes of inclination of attachment and aversion. Ref: Jain siddhant Praveshika English Q. no. 46
|Vibhaav guna||extrinsic qualities, contrary to the real nature,|
|Vibhaav guna paryaay|
vibhaav arth paryaay, Delusive feelings in one caused due to some other matters, With alien substance as instrumental cause there occurs altered mode in the soul e.g. soul’s inclinations of attachment and aversion
vishesh shakti, special power present in soul and matter only. With this power soul and matter can have utpat vyay origination cessation in pure or impure form. Distinctive power of soul and matter.
|Vibhaav vyanjan paryaay|
alienated shape modification e.g. living being with shape of human, celestial, subhuman or infernal beings. Ref: Jain siddhant Praveshika English Q. no. 42
|Vibhaava||vishesh bhaav, apexit bhaav, inclination due to expectation or due to desire.|
Disposition contrary to the natural qualities of soul; Real Defiled mode; Impure; Extrinsic modes; Tainted
|Vibhaava bhaava||passionate feelings, contrary manifestation|
|Vibhaava bhaava||Passionate feelings; Contrary manifestation|
|Vibhaava kriya||The activities contrary or opposite to natural soul i.e Lie vs Truth etc.|
|Vibhaava kriyaa||contrary activity.|
|Vibhaava paryaay||contrary manifestation mode.|
|Vibhaava paryaaya||Extrinsic mode|
|Vibhakta pradeshatva||having different space points., bhinn pradeshatva.|
there are eight. 1: prathamaa: Kartaa: Nominative 2: Dwitiyaa: karma: accusative
3: Trutiyaa: karan: instrumental 4: Chaturthi: Sampradan: dative 5: panchmai: apaadaan: ablative 6: shashti:Sambadh: Genitive
7: saptami: Adhikaran: locative 8: Sambodhan: vocative
differentiation from alien conditions, screened, separated, This is me and this is mine, I am the doer and the endurer of other substances to break this relationship is called differentiation of the alien condition
Differentiation from alien conditions, screened, separated; This is me and this is mine, I am the doer and the endurer of other substances to break this relationship is called differentiation of the alien condition vibhaktva, separate from passion, passionless
|Vibhram||amorous gestures; doubt; illusion; wandering; hurry; flurry.|
omnipresent; eternal; motionless; powerful, mighty; great; best. m. God, boundless, all pervading, abundant, plentiful, powerful, excellent, bestowing, richly, possessing mighty treasure or wealth. .
powerful, manifestation of might, great power, arisen, produced, great, mighty, abounding in glory.
splendor, dominion, prosperity, grandeur, 49 prominent luxuries of chakravarti, mighty, powerful, presiding over, plenty, abundance, manifestation of might
Splendor dominion; Prosperity; Grandeur; 49 prominent luxuries of chakravarti king
|Vicara:||Shifting attention from one mode to another|
|Vichaar||thoughts, reflection,consideration, opinion, notion, meditation, yoga.|
|Vichaara||Concentration with conceptual activity, Thought, Shifting, Conceptual Meditation.|
|Vichaara dasa||State of positive thought|
|Vichalit||unstable, shaking.moved from a place, moves away.|
|Vicharavu||go, move about, travel.|
|Vicharavu||Go; move about; travel|
|Vichchhinn||broken, cut off, severed; interrupted.|
|Vichikitsa||Wavering; Doubt; Digust|
disgust, dislike, looking at monk who has not taken shower one gets disgust, aversion, antipathy, hatred.
|Vidarana kriya||Splitting action|
|Vidarana-kriya:||Proclaiming other’s sins.|
|Videha||Dis-embodied; A region|
prescribed rite; manner, method; scriptural injunction; act; service; remedy; sweet ball made for elephant; rule, regulation; law.
|Vidhaana||Ritual; Classification; Predication|
|Vidhaataa||Brahma, the Creator, one who shows the pathway to liberation.|
|Vidhaayak||constructive; affirmative. m. organizer; maker; ordainer.|
fit to be done or stated; obedient, under one's control. n. predicate; person on whom mesmerism is tried, establish, procurement, to be bestowed, To be practiced, compliant, submissive, submission, object to be accomplished.
|Vidhey puran||enlargement of predicate|
|Vidhey vardhak||enlargement of predicate|
Brahma; goddess of fortune, Destiny; order; sacred precept; sacred, purificatory, rite or ceremony. rite; procedure or method of performance.
prescripAon or prohibiAon; rules regarding what should be done and what is forbidden, aﬃrmaAon and negaAon perspecAves,
|Vidhi-sadhaka (Hetu):||Positive, which proves something positive|
Small Jain idol or image for ritual purposes made of bronze. This will prevent disturbing the Mulanaayaka or Large image
|Vidhutakalpa||Firm in austerity|
|Vidhvansa||Destroy; Go away|
|Vidisa||Mis-direction; A city|
angle between two direcAon like angle between east and north etc. northeast, northwest, southeast southwest. ishan,agni vaayavya and nairutya. sub direcAons, quarter parts of the four direcAons. area occupied by one space point is known as vidishaa.
|Vidya||Knowledge; Arts; Learning; Magical powers|
|Vidya charana||Power of desired movement|
|Vidya siddha||Proficient in learning|
|Vidyaa||learning; knowledge; science or art of attaining it; science.|
(1) A species of human beings. They were so called because they were in possession of certain vidyas, e.g.,
flying through the sky, which were bestowed on them by the first tirthankara, Risabha.
(2) A species of human beings who are in possession of some special arts, like flying
bhaav swarupi, in the modes of some attributes there is always some purity is known as anujivi gun. Pratijivi means either pure or impure.
|Vidyamaan||living, existent; present.|
determinate cognition, consciousness, seed consciousness. cognition of object, cognition , supreme knowledge,
solid cognition, solid supreme knowledge, ghan means three dimensional thing, vignaan ghan means one axis to be infinite time, second axis is innumerable space points of the soul and third dimension is the infinite attributes in a substance. Therefore vignaan ghan means solid state of the soul structure in which nothing out side thing can penetrate.
Thorough knowledge; Consciousness; Science; Extra or super knowledge of object is science.
|Vigraha||hindered, bent, not straight, war, fight; body; dissolution of a compound|
|Vigraha gati||transmigratory motion of soul, transit from one body to other.|
|Vigraha-gati:||Movement of a soul to its new destiny|
(1) Irregular movement; (2) Transmigratory motion; (3) Soul in transit from one body to another
|Vihaayogati naam karma|
karma associated with the movement of the living being. They are of two types: graceful and awkward.
|Vihangavlokan||Overall or Bird’s eye view|
|Vihayogati:||Movement; capacity of moving in space.|
dissimilar, heterogeneous, belonging to another caste or tribe, different origin, different caste, different tribe.
the argument occurring between plaintiff and defendant to establish their own theory is known as vijigishu kathaa.
|Vijigisu katha||Disputant’s tale, Victory-desiring tales.|
|Vijigisu:||Who wants victory|
maladies, when thing actually appears as other, emotions, agitation, passion, change of mental condition, deviation from any natural state, alteration from natural state, agitation of mind, distortion in nature, altered state,
|Vikaar parinati||alien status|
(1) Evilness; (2)The distorted nature of self or soul; (3) Vaibhaavika; (4) Swabhaav ni vikruti or Distorted nature of soul; (5) Fermented, Distortion, Denaturation; (6) Maladies, when thing actually appears as other, emotions, agitation, passion, change of mental condition, deviation
from any natural state, alteration from natural state.
|Vikaara parinati||Alien status|
|Vikaari||disturbing, distortion in nature, agitation of mind,change,|
|Vikaash||bloom open, develop, widen,|
deficient, inadequate, deprived of a part, with faults, dosh yukt, defective, deficient,
self revealed knowledge without the aid of sense organs e.g. clairvoyance and telepathy knowledge.
|Vikala||Deficient; Inadequate; Deprived of a part|
|Vikala pratyaksha||Self revealed knowledge without the aid of sense organs|
e.g. clairvoyance and telepathy knowledge; Deficient direct perception
|Vikalaadeshi||partial form of a given substance|
|Vikalatraya||Deficient triad (senses)|
|Vikalendriya||maimed senses, 2 4 sensed living beings, mutilated senses, crippled senses|
|Vikalendriya||Maimed senses; 2-4 sensed living beings; Mutilated senses; Crippled senses|
(1) Rambling(fickling) of mind (Upyoga) due to rise of passion; (2) Doubt; (3) Thought; (4) Question; (5)
Abstraction, mental construction, rambling of mind due to rise of passion, option, uncertainty, ambiguity, contrary
thoughts, different types of ambiguous thoughts arising in the mind vividh kalpanao nu man ma uthavu (6) Type, Alternative, thoughts or think over
|Vikalpa gnaana||Reflective thoughts|
|Vikalpa grahit||adopted abstraction.|
|Vikalpa nirdesh||analytical judgement, pruthakkaranaatmak nirnay.|
|Vikalpa vyaapaar||process of abstraction|
|Vikathaa||Ideal talk; Non-religious tales/narrative|
fear, unhappiness,agitation, excitement; dread, fright; agony; anxiety; sorrow, disregard
|Vikrati||Distorted Shape; The distorted self|
|Vikriya labdhi||Super-power of transformation|
|Vikrti parityaaga||Abandonment of denatured (rich) food|
|Vikrut||changed; diseased, spoiled; distorted, perverted.|
|Vikruti bhut||vikaar bhut, of altered nature,|
|Viksepani kathaa||Religious or righteousness tales|
in and out state. some times in the subject and other time goes out of subject. Stays in present and also goes to past and future.
sport, pleasure; enjoyment of carnal pleasures; making merry; amorous or graceful gestures; amorous pastime or sport; coquetry, flirtatious behavior, bliss, aanand, having fun in the game.
|Vilakshana||anomalous, varying in character, different, of different characteristics|
|Vilakshana||Anomalous; Varying in character; Different|
|Vilaya||Karmic Cessation; Dissolution|
|Vilunchanaa||Hand plucking of hairs from head|
|Vimaan||aircraft., airplane; celestial self moving chariot; [Jain] God's place of residence.|
|Vimaana||Celestial palace; Space vehicles; Temples|
|Vimochitavasa:||Residence in a deserted place.|
|Vimoha||intense delusion, ignorance,|
|Vimoha||Wrong knowledge; Allurement; Perversity|
|Vimohit||engrossed in delusion, engrossed in ignorance.|
|Vimugdh||one with infatuation, one with delusion, Mohi, Bhraant, one with the wrong notion|
Veneration; Reverence; Internal penance; Ethical code; Conduct; Modesty; Respect
|Vinaya mithyaatva||Verential perversity; Modest misbelief|
|Vinaya paatha||Poem expressing gratitude to the omniscient lord|
|Vinaya sampannata||Reverence; Modesty|
|Vinaya tapa||Austerity of reverence|
|Vinaya-sampannata:||Reverence for means of Liberation and for those who follow them.|
|Vinaya:||Reverence to the elders Reverence–internal austerity, Veneration.|
|Vinischyay||determination, strong determination, dradh nischya.|
|Vipaaka||Retribution; Fruition; Maturation|
|Vipaaka chintana||Fruitional deliberation|
|Vipaaka nirjaraa karmic||Karmic natural dissociation|
|Vipaakavichaya||Karmic-fruition-oriented righteous meditation|
|Vipakavicaya:||Meditation on karmic fruition|
|Vipaksa||Heterologous; Hetrologue; Rival|
|Vipaksa vyavritti||Absence in heterologues|
|Vipaksabadhaka-pramana:||Proof which obstructs the opponent’s view|
|Vipaksasattva:||Presence in heterologous cases|
counter proposition, of opposite; party; opposed. m. opponent; enemy. Saadhya ke vijaatiy dharm vaale dharmi ko vipakash kahate hai. presence of things to be proved saadhya ", to be absent in similar place is known as vipaksha. e.g. There is fire present on the hill. The fire present in the kitchen is the same as fire present on the hill. So the kitchen is sapaksha. But the pond becomes vipaksha as there is no presence of fire in the water. So kitchen is sapaksha and pond is vipaksha.
One who says something against the truth."
|Vipakshataa||Disposition contrary to the natural qualities of soul|
|Viparayaya||Perversity; Wrong or mixed up knowledge|
|Vipareeta||Contrary; Opposite; Perverse|
changed results, modification for raag, raag nu parinaman, vikaar parinaman, deluded state, mode which is opposite to the true nature of self.
|Viparinanaman||change or modification in state.|
altered, perverted conviction, contrary attitude, erroneous, perverse, hostile; reverse; unfavorable. .
|Viparit Abhinivesh||perverse intentions.|
|Viparit bhaaav||altered form of modifications, altered form of inclinations.|
|Viparit mithyaatva||belief in wrong religious concepts|
|Viparita mithyaatva||Contrary to truth misbelieve; Belief in wrong religious concepts|
|Viparita-mithatva:||Perverted or incorrect view|
|Viparita:||Contradictory, Perverse belief, e.g., animal sacrifices lead to heaven.|
viparyay, contrariety, inversion; topsy turvy; upheaval; false knowledge; disorder, confusion; destruction; distortion.
|Viparyasa||Contrariety; Contrast; Misrepresentation|
antithesis, reversion, illusion, wrong faith, erroneous cognition. e.g to think that shell is silver., contrariety, inversion; topsy turvy; upheaval; false knowledge; disorder, confusion; destruction; distortion.
Opposite; False or erroneous cognition; Wrong knowledge; Antithesis; Reversion; Illusion
|Vipasyana||Introspection; Buddhist meditation system|
|Vipatti||misfortune, adversity, calamity; affliction; difficulty.|
|Viprakrusht||far away, staying far,|
|Vipratipatti||wrong knowledge, wrong perception, wrong concept.|
|Viprayoga||Getting rid of|
|Vira-nirvana||Beginning of the Jaina era; Death anniversary of Lord|
|Vira-nirvana:||Beginning of the Jaina era; death [anniversary] of Mahavira|
|Viraadhaka||Heretic; Violator; Non sadhaka or in conflict with achievement for soul|
|Viraaga vichaya||Contemplation on detachment|
|Virakt||free from desire, passion or worldly attachment.|
|Virakti||lack or absence of attachment; displeasure, disgust.|
|Viral||determined person, rare,|
cessation; rest, pause; indifference to worldly attachments or pleasures, abstinence, refraining, desirelessness.
|Virodh||opposition; hostility, enmity; inconsistency; contrariety; disagreement; quarrel.|
|Virodhi||opposing; hostile, inimical; opposite. m. enemy, opponent.|
(1) Injury happening unavoidably in meeting the aggression in defense of one's person and property; (2)
|Virodhi-himsa:||Injury generated by standing in|
|Virodhi-himsa:||opposition to an enemy|
|Virodhi-sanka:||Doubt of the opponent|
|Viruddh||opposite; adverse, unfavorable.|
|Viruddha dharma||Contradictory attributes|
|Viruddha hetvabhasa||Contradictory fallacy|
|Viruddha sahacaranupalambha:||Non-availability of the concomitant contradictory to the probandum|
|Viruddha-dharmadhyasa:||Which imposes the opposite quality|
|Viruddha-karyanupalambha:||Non-availability of the effect contradictory to the probandum|
|Viruddha-svabhavanupalambha:||Non-availability of the nature contradictory to the probandum|
|Viruddha-vyapakanupalambha:||Non-availability of the determinant concomitant contradictory to the probandum|
|Viruddhakarananupalambha:||Non-availability of the cause contradictory to the probandum|
|Viruddhanupalabdhi:||Non-availability of the contradictory|
|Viruddhopalabdhi:||Availability of the contradictory|
|Virudha rajyatikrama||Violation of taxation regulation.|
|Virya||Vitality, potency, spiritual power, creative power.|
|Virya||Energy; Semen; Vitality; Potency|
|Virya Antaraya:||obstructive of power of exercise of one’s capacities.|
|Virya-aachaara||Energy-conduct particularly of soul|
|Viryaasrava||Discharge of semen|
|Visadrashyataa||different, no resemblance to each other, non resemblance.|
|Visam rasi||inclination of attachment|
deceiving, attracting by false promises, falsified, spoiled, false assertion, breaking one’s word, disappointing, contradiction,
|Visamvaada||Deceiving; Attracting by false promises; Falsified; Spoiled|
Wrangling, etc., wrong-belief, envy, back-biting, self-praise, censuring others, etc., and causes a bad-body-making karma.
|Visani:||An animal possessed of horns|
|Visaya sanrakananubadhi||Sensual safeguarding angeral meditation|
|Visesadhika||Slightly more or less|
|Visesavamarsa:||Inference of the particular|
|Vishaad||dejection, sadness; sorrow, grief; despair.|
|Vishaal||large, extensive, vast.|
|Vishaan||horn of an animal. ivory of an elephant, haathi dant,|
|Vishad||pure, nirmal, transparent, clear, distinct; easy (to understand); manifest.|
objects of five senses,object of sense perception, object; object of enjoyment; sexual enjoyment; subject (of study); subject matter; point; region, province, country; aim, object.
|Vishaya bhog||enjoyment of sensual pleasures; sexual enjoyment.|
|Vishaya janya||Objects of five senses or sensual related|
|Vishaya ruchi||attachment with sensual enjoyments, lust|
|Vishaya ruchi||Attachment with sensual enjoyments; Lust|
|Vishaya sukh||sensual, sexual, pleasure.|
|Vishaya tyaag||renunciation of sensual enjoyments.|
|Vishaya tyaaga||Renunciation of sensual enjoyments|
|Vishaya vaashnaa||instinct of enjoyment of sensual objects.|
|Vishaya viraag||renunciation of sensual enjoyments.|
|Vishaya viraaga||Renunciation of sensual enjoyments|
|Vishayaabhilash||intense lust for passion|
|Vishayaadhin||Worldly sensual pleasures ultimately causing trouble|
|Vishayaashakt||lustful, attached to sensual objects or pleasures, passionate.|
|Vishayaashakti||attachment to sensual objects or pleasures; lust.|
|Vishayi||passionate; sensual. m. sensualist, voluptuary.|
|Vishesha||common difference, specific, particularity, special, peculiar, particular, distinctive,|
(1) Specific; (2) Special; (3) Particular; (4) Common difference, specific, particularity, special, peculiar,
|Visheshana||distinguishing, discriminative, qualifying, distinctive, adjective, adverb, predicate.|
|Vishhaya||Objects of five senses (touch, taste, smell, vision, and sound); Senusal|
The feelings of soul or the knowlegable objects within soul by help of senses or indriyas.
|Vishisht||speciality, highlights, characteristics, distinguished, distinct, peculiar,excellent,|
|Vishnu||The Protector-god of the Hindu pantheon.|
|Vishtaa||faeces, excrement(s); dung.|
|Vishuddh||pure, genuine, unadulterated, true|
passion free pure results, visuddh parinam makes one with bondage of auspicious karma.
|Vishuddhata||genuineness, purity, sacredness,|
perfect purity; holiness. state of lack of passions, auspicious inclinations of the soul, In Karan labdhi when vishuddhi word is used then it means that there is purity of tatva gnaan (knowledge of truth) and also of the faith and conduct (shraddhaa and conduct) and also there is fruition of the passions which are going to be disintegrated. In the absence of intense passions when milder passions occur then also is known as visuddhi. Vishuddhi word is used in having auspicious inclinations, as well as purity of the soul’s mode. It
Feeble state of passions.And due to feeble rise of Moha (deluding karma) the evolution of mild passion form of thoughts takes place wherein the reflection on Tattvas (Tattvavichara) be possible; attainment of such capacity is called Vishuddhi Labdhi (feeble state of passions). (Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti)
|Vishuddi sthaan||milder form of toxic emotions making soul restless.|
virtue attainment. And due to feeble rise of Moha (deluding karma) the evolution of mild passion form of thoughts takes place wherein the reflection on Tattvas (Tattvavichara) be possible; attainment of such capacity is called Vishuddhi Labdhi (feeble state of passions). (Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti)
|Vishudhi labdhi||Virtue attainment|
|Vishwa brahm||omniscient lord.|
|Vishwa samay||omniscient lord.|
|Visistapratyaksa:||Qualified direct perception|
|Viskambha suchi||Spread number|
|Vismay||surprise, astonishment; wonder.|
|Vistaar||breadth, non sequential e.g. attributes.|
|Vistaar saamaanya samudaay||indivisibility of infinite attributes in a given substance, substance.|
|Vitaraag||non attachment, detachment,|
|Vitaraaga||Non attachment; Passion free; One from whom|
attachment is gone for materials.
|Vitaraaga sanyama||Restrained without attachment|
|Vitaraagata||The attitude of dispassion|
Total freedom from passions; Thoughts leading to life of incarnations; The attitude of dispassion
|Vitaraagi||dispassionate, non attachment, anaasakti, detached,|
|Vitaraga:||Free from passion; an epithet for an arhat|
argument or conjecture following another argument; doubt, suspicion; deliberation, argumentation, imagination, doubt.
|Vitarka||Meditation with verbal activity|
|Vitasti||A length unit|
|Vitata||Stretched/stringed instrument sounds.|
the discussion between the student and his teacher about the nature of the spirituality is known as vitraag kathaa.
|Vitraaga||One from whom attachment is gone for materials|
|Vitraaga vignaana||Right knowledge with no infatuation; Passionless right knowledge|
right knowledge with no infatuation, passionless right knowledge, gnaan chetnaa, cognitive consciousness.
One who is without any desires, Monk with without raag and dwesh and having complete conduct is known as vitrushna. Vitrushna ke bhaav ko vaitrushnya kahate hai
|Vivaad||debate, discussion; controversy; quarrel; difference of opinion.|
|Vivaada||Polemic i.e. involving dispute and controversy|
|Vivaksa:||Aspect emphasized by a speaker|
|Vivaksha||Main; Priority; Pradhanta; Importance; Primary; Desired as[ect|
desire to speak; import, speaker's intention, opinion, when one makes particular thing as principle thing and makes rest as secondary then it is known as vivakshaa. The secondary thing is known as avivakshit.
|Vivakshakruta||An imaginary story to explain the truth|
|Vivakt||bhinn, rahit, different,|
|Vivart rup||nature of changing, palataa rup.|
|Vivartavaada||Theory of illusion|
|Vivartavada:||The theory of illusory causation in monistic Vedanta|
|Vivasha||dependent, enslaved; helpless; agitated.|
|Vivechan||explanation; exposition, criticism.|
discriminative,discrimination; judgement; discretion; politeness; modesty; etiquette; thrift, awareness,
|Viveka pratima||Model stage of renouncing possessions.|
|Vivekabuddhi||Capable of making and expressing fine distinctions and careful judgments|
|Vividishu||desire to know, Jignaashaa,|
|Vivikshaa||desire to enter,|
|Vivikt||separated, lonely place, isolation, Viyog separated|
|Vivikta jivi||Reclusively living|
|Vivikta shayyaashana||Lonely habitation or sleeping in a lonely place|
|Vivikta-sayyasana:||Solitary place of rest|
|Vivikta-shayyasana:||Sitting and sleeping in a lonely place, devoid of animate beings–external austerity.|
|Viyog buddhi||perceivable separable state, not to have unity, not to have associative state.|
|Voracity||Ravenousness i.e. excessive desire to eat|
|Vraj rushabh naaraaj sanhanan||strong body|
|Vraj rushabh naraj sanhanan||Strong body|
|Vrash||sun of sankraanti, sun of summer time.|
|Vrat||abstinence, vow, resolution, religious vow,|
|Vrat||Vow; Solemn pledge|
|Vrata||Vow; Abstinence; Resolution; Solemn Pledge|
|Vrata-anatichara||Non-transgression in vows|
|Vrata-pratima:||The second stage where a layman assumes the anuvratas|
(2) Five Great Vows (mahavratas) are:
1. Ahimsa (not to kill)
2. Amrisa (not to tell a lie)
3. Achaurya (not to steal)
4. Amaithuna (not to indulge in sexual behavior)
5. Aparigraha (not to have attachments/possessions)
These are to be followed in their most rigorous form, and without lapse, by the monks and nuns. The same five, when prescribed for members of the lay order, become somewhat lenient. These are called Lesser Vows (anuvratas), and then they take the following names:
1. Pranatipata viramana (to desist from killing)
2. Mirsavada viramana (to desist from telling lies)
3. Adattadana viramana (not to accept when not rightly bestowed)
4. Maithuna viramana (to desist from sexual behavior)
5. Parigraha parimana (to fix the size of acquisition)
To illustrate, a householder is permitted to cook food even though this may mean some slaughter of minute animals. A householder is permitted to indulge in sexual behavior with his wife, but not with any other woman. And so on. This is a restricted form of the vow for the lay followers, consistent with the fulfillment of their responsibility as householders. but to atone for these relaxations, seven more vows have been added for the followers as follows:
1. Bhogopabhoga parimana or limiting objects to be used.
2. Dik parimana or limiting the sphere/direction of movement.
3. Anartha-danda viramana or not to indulge in sinful acts not necessary for the maintenance of oneself or one's family.
4. Samayika or concentrating for a duration of 48
minutes on spiritual themes, which may be repeated several times a day.
5. Desavahasika or setting new limits every day within
the limits already imposed, thereby restricting further and further one's free life.
6. Pausadha or living for a day like a monk, or even for a day and night, raising the restricted vow to the level of total vows.
7. Atithi-sambibhaga or serving monks, nuns, and other dese rving guests.
Of these seven, the first three are called guna- vratas because they intensify the five anuvratas, and the last four are siksavratas, because they are preliminary disciplines for entering into the life of a monk.
Apart from observing the five Great Vows, the monks are
required to practice ten virtues, specifically mentioned, and practice elaborate meditation.
|Vratee||Vower; Votary; Votarist|
(1) Votary, or vower or votarist i.e. One bound by vows to
a religion or life of worship or service; (2) Samyagdrasti (right believer) who has taken vow of shraavaka; (3) Behavior of Passion
|Vrattisankshepa||Control, suppress or shorten the desires|
|Vratyanukampa:||Compassion for the vowers.|
|Vrishyeshta rasa-tyaga:||Renouncing of exciting and aphrodisiac food or drinks.|
|Vritta sansthana||Circular configuration|
|Vritti parisamkhyaana||Limiting Requirements; Special restriction for begging food|
Taking a mental vow to accept food from a house-holder, only if a certain dition is fulfilled, without letting anyone know about the vow–external austerity.
|Vrsyesta rasa||Aphrodisiac drinks|
|Vrtti-parisamkhyana:||Limiting the extent of one’s begging rounds|
|Vruddhi haani||increasing and decreasing.|
|Vrukshatva||state of being tree.|
|Vrutt khand||segment (of circle)|
disposition, proclivity, thought arising in mind; working of mind; tendency, inclination, of mind; nature; conduct, parinati ( kanjiswami samaysar 19th lect stanza 204), existence (pravachansar gatha 99)
special restriction for accepting alms. self special restriction consisting in limitation of number of houses etc for accepting alms. this is to overcome desires.
|Vruttyansh||divisions of modes.|
|Vugnaana mada||Intellect puff|
Painfulness of disease (Aadhi – mental worry, Vyadhi – suffering from disease and Upadhi – problem of old age)
|Vyaaghaat||obstacle, hindrance; resistance; opposition, pratibandh,|
|Vyaakhyaana||Religious address or discourse to the audience|
|Vyaapak dharma||property of determinant.|
|Vyaapaka||Pervasive, pervader, all encompassing, enveloping, determinate; All pervasive|
|Vyaapanaa||spreading through, pervading, penetration, covering, filling,|
|Vyaapavu||felaai javu, prasari javu, to get diffused. to get spread over.|
concomitant, afflicted, sarvatva felaelu, vyaapelu, afflicted, spread through, pervaded, extended, thoroughly occupied, having invariably inherent property, invariably pervaded, e.g. smoke is invariably attended by fire, pervaded; occupied
|Vyaapta||Pervaded; Concomitant; Afflicted; Spread out; Full|
It is a foundational principle of inference. It refers to the universal relation between the middle term and the major
During logic one may have fault in necessary connection, tark ma kareli vyaapti maa dekhaato dosh,
tark, logic, from a specific experience one refers to the general thing, vyakti thi saamaanya no nirdesh thavo te tark kahevay chhe
permeable, penetrable, capable of being attended by any inherent characteristics, sign or middle term of an inference, proof, reason, cause, saadhan, hetu, the state of being pervaded, pervaded, determinate concomitant, one which occupies only part of the area is known as vyaapya, kaaran na pramaan ma kaarya no raheto naano pradesh, felaai jaay tevu, probans, Vyaapti ke vishay ko vyaapya kahate hai. The subject vishay of vyaapti is known as vyaapya. Wherever there is fire, there is smoke. Here smoke is vyaapya. One which remains
|Vyaapya||Pervaded; Determinate; Concomitant.|
|Vyaapya dharma||property of the determinate concomitant.|
|Vyaapya vyaapaka sambandha|
relationship of determinate concomitant and determinant concomitant, kartaa karm sambandh, doer deed relationship. Doer kartaa vyaapak is substance and deed karm vyaapya is its mode. (samaysaar kartaa karma adhikaar) According to Samaysaar 181 183 Stanza, vyaapak is mode and vyaapya means substance. There is different view point expressed. As the knowledge of the substance occurs in mode only and therefore mode is kartaa, vyaapak and it knows the substance so it becomes karm vyaapya.
modal knowledge. distinctness of knowledge. This is white cow and that is black cow. This type of specific knowledge is known as vyaavrut pratyay, distinctive knowledge
negation, absence of one in to other, distinctness, discrimination, turn away, free from, mode, parinaam, bhed.
|Vyabhicarin:||One who contradicts|
adulteration, going away or deviating from the right course; adultery, unchastity; lapse from duty; anomaly; [logic] absence of invariable concomitance.
reason is there but its cause is not there is known as vyabhichaar dosh. hetu rahane par saadhya ke naa rahane ko vyabhichaar dosh kahate hai. (Pariksha mukh chapter 2 sutra 11)
|Vyabhichaarini||adulterous woman, adulteress.|
|Vyabhichaarit||violated, adultery, transgression, violation.|
manifestation, expression, distinct,expressed; evident, open; manifest; revealed, external, baahya, manifest, perceptible, apparent, distinct, visible.
|Vyakta||Manifest or Manifestation; Expression; Perceptible Apparent; Distinct; Visible|
|Vyakti||individual; person; expression, manifestation.|
|Vyaktigat||relating to individual; personal, individual.|
|Vyaktitva||countenance, person’s facial expression|
indistinct things, consonant; spot, mark; limb; private part; sauce, vegetable; fan; fanning.
|Vyanjana:||That which manifests|
|Vyantaravasi:||The peripatetic gods|
|Vyapakanupalabdhi:||Non-av of the determinant concomitant|
|Vyaptigraha:||Cognition of the concomitance|
|Vyaptigrahana:||Cognition of the concomitance|
|Vyaptijnana:||Knowledge of necessary concomitance|
|Vyapya (Hetu):||Determinate concomitant|
|Vyapyopalabdhi:||Availability of concomitant|
|Vyasana||Evil pursuits like drinking wine gambling womanizing etc.|
|Vyateeta||To pass e.g. time|
Reciprocal fault, living mixing with matter and vice versa, blending together, combination.
|Vyavahaara||Conventional; Empirical; Practical; Apparent; Relative|
|Vyavahaara gyaana||The knowledge active in thinking of non-self (not soul)|
|Vyavahaara kaala||Apparent or relative time|
|Vyavahaara naya||Empirical point of view; Conventional stand point; Analytical point of view|
|Vyavahaaraabhaasa||Fallacy of conventional point of view|
|Vyavahaarabha||Perceived conventional point of view|
|Vyavahaarika||Practical point of view|
|Vyavahara:||Convention; appropriate proceedings Practical|
|Vyavaharabhasa:||False empirical point of view|
|Vyaya||Destruction; Decay; Disappearance|
|Vyaya:||Decay, Goes out of existance, Loss; disappearance|
|Vyutpatti||Etymology; Meaning of words|
|Vyutsarga||Giving up all sorts of attachments and belongings; Renunciation of pride and ego|
|Vyutsarga samiti||Carefulness in disposal of excretes|
Giving up attachment to the body, etc.–internal austerity, Renunciation of egoistic thoughts