Can the middle world be described in more detail?
In the center of the middle world there is Jambu Island which is 100,000 yojans diameter at present. In the center of the Jambu Island, there is Mount Meru which is 100,000 yojans in height. The Mount Meru base is about 10,000 yojans deep into the ground. Ninety nine thousand yojans height is above ground level. The top of Mount Meru is at forty yojans in height. In the middle of the Jambu Island, east to west side, there are six long mountain ranges present. These divide Jambu Island into seven continents, which are named as follows:
On the north of Mount Meru is Uttarkuru and to the south is Devkuru.
The Lavan Ocean circles the Jambu Island. It has a width of 200,000 yojans.
Circling the Lavan Ocean is Dhataki Island, which is 400,000 yojans in width.
In this part of Dhataki island, there are two Mount Merus. The mountains here are double in numbers to those in Jambu Iisland.
Kalodadhi Ocean circles Dhataki Island. It is 800,000 yojans in width.
Pushkar Island is 1,600,000 yojans in width and is surrounded by Kalodadhi Ocean.
In the middle of the Pushkar Island is a mountain chain called Manusottar Mountain. This mountain divides Pushkar Island into two parts, one outer side and one inner side. The area covered by the Manusottar Mountain is an area of 1,022 yojans at the base, 723 yojans in the middle and 424 yojans at the top. The height is 1,721 yojans and it is 430 yojans deep into the land.
In the inner part of the Pushkar Island, the geography is similar to Dhataki Island. The land outlay of Pushkar and Dhatki Islands is double the amount of Jambu Island, i.e., the mountains and continents are double in numbers.
Jambu Island, Dhatki Island, inner half of the Pushkar Island, Lavan Ocean and Kalodadhi Ocean areas denotes the human world.
Beyond Pushkar Island, there are innumerable oceans and islands present, until the end of the middle world.
There are fifteen action lands in this human world present in these 2.5 islands of human land, that is, Jambu, Dhataki and the inner half of Pushkar Island. These areas include five Mount Merus-one for Jambu and two each in Dhataki and Pushkar Island. Keep in mind that Mount Meru is in the center of Bharat, Videh and Airavat lands. Therefore, there are five Bharats, five Videhs and five Airvavat areas, which are present in the action lands. In the Videh land area, the areas of the Devkuru and Uttarkuru are to be excluded.
Five Hemvat and five Hairanyavat have the lower level of enjoyment lands. (Jaghanya bhog bhumi)
Five Hari and five Ramyak have the mid level lands of enjoyment (Madhya bhog bhumi).
Five Devkuru and five Uttarkuru have the highest form of enjoyment lands (Uttam bhog bhumi).
The lands where humans have knowledge of the followings six things are called the land of action. (Karma bhumi):
- Use of arms and ammunition (Asi).
- Writing (Masi).
- Farming (Krusi).
- Serving the society (Seva).
- Handcrafting (Silp).
- Business (Vanijya).
The land where the above-mentioned six things are not present is called the land of enjoyment (Bhog bhumi).
Outside the human world, in all islands, there is the lower level of enjoyment, but in the Swayambhuraman Ocean and its islands, there are the arrangements similar to action lands.
In the Lavan and Kalodadhi oceans, there are ninety-six islands. There is also the existance of bad enjoyment land (Kubhog bhumi). Here the humans are called non-aryan (mlechchha). These are humans, but live their lives as animals.