Paamarwretched, miserable; narrow, minded; insignificant; meek, poor.
PaachankriyaDigestive action
PaahudaGift; Treatise
PaakshikaFortnightly; Jain by birth adoption or bias
Paamarataamiserability, poor state, narrow mindedness, unhappiness, dejection,
Paanliquid diet.
Paapsin; crime; wickedness; evil deed; evil intent; wicked, troublesome, hated, trouble; calamity. One can perform paap in 108 ways. 3:samrambh, samaarambh, aarambh "to think about it, to acquire materials and to actually perform act of sin.3. mind, speech and action.

3. Krut, kaarit, anumodan."  
"to perform the sinful act, to encourage others to do it and to applauding the act.

4. Anger deceit ego and greed. 3x3x3x4= 108."

Paap bhaavsoul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness, unwholesome, inauspicious dispositions
PaapaDemerit; Vice; Inauspicious or unwholesome Karmas
Paapa bhaavaSoul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness; Unwholesome; Inauspicious dispositions
Paapa sramanaSinful or transgressor monk
Paapa yoniBase born; Sinful birth
Paapa, dravya/ bhaavaSin Physical/psychical; Evil action; Demerit
PaapacharanaSinful activity; Sinful conduct
PaapakarmaSinful karmas; Sinful activity
PaapaprakritiDemerited karma type; Demerited karmic species.
Paapopadeshevil instruction
Paaranumeal taken at the end of fast or vow, breaking of fast. cradle.
Paarinaamic bhaaveternal innate nature of the soul, This is non relativistic in nature. it is nirpexa
Paarinaamic bhaavainherent nature, Natural activity of soul, For every substance has its own eternal state which is without any alien attachment and that is its paarimaamic bhaav, Pratyek padaarth ke nirupaadhik tathaa trikaalik swabhaav ko uskaa paarinaamic bhaav kahaa jaataa hai, transformation of a substance which is automatically called forth by a mere existence of this substance, natural self transformation undergone by a substance
Paarmaarthicrelating to the highest truth or spiritual knowledge; caring for truth; spiritual; real, transcendental, true, proper, vaastavik, yathaarth,
Paarmaarthic pratyakshaThe complete proper knowledge obtained without any help of the senses or the mind constitutes transcendental knowledge (Parmarthik pratyaksha), Transcendental knowledge; The knowledge which has removed all the obstructions related to dravya, kshetra, kaal and bhaav of a substance and also occurs without any help from any physical senses is the absolutely pure knowledge and that is known as paarmaarthic pratyaksha gnaan. The knowledge, which is without any obstruction and is super sensuous is known as paarmaarthic pratyaksha gnaan. (pariksha mukh page 39), specific capacity of cognition of a soul which does not need any help from senses or the mind,
PaarmeswariOf omniscient lord’s
PaarsvaTwenty-third tirthankara of the Jainas.
PaarsvakaSpiritual progeny of  Paarsvanaatha; Slack; Waverred; monk; Paarsvapatyas
PaarsvapatyaSpiritual progeny of  Paarsvanaatha; Slack; Waverred; monk; Paarsvapatyas
PaarsvasthaSpiritual progeny of  Paarsvanaatha; Slack; Waverred; monk; Paarsvapatyas
Paarthiva dharanaVisualisation of scenes of earth element
PaarvatiWife of Lord Shiva of the Hindu Gods; Mother-Goddess
Paathreading or reciting; regular reading, recitation, of religious books; lesson; text of book, reading; portion of text book to be read in a day; acting; teaching.
Paatha(1) Reading or reciting; (2) regular reading, (3) recitation, of religious books; (4) Lesson; (5) text of book, reading;
 (6) Portion of text book to be read in a day; (7) Acting; (8) Teaching
PaathashaalaaSchool where jainism is taught; School
PaatraBowl or vessel; Worthy
PaatrajatiLeafy plants
Paatrataaeligibility, worthiness, competency, proficiency, mastery, talent, desirable, suitable. suitability, good character.
PaatrataaEligibility; Worthiness
PaatukramaFast order of succession
PachchakhaanaFormality for taking a vow; Determination; Vow; A kind of a oath for doing any fasting
Padcollection of letters a word,foot; foot print. n. rank, station; [gram.] word having meaning; a form of poem; [math.] term; root; articles given to a Brahmin (priest) in connection with a religious vow or obsequial ceremony. a part of scriptural knowledge shrut gnaan. There are 20 divisions of scriptural knowledge. the 5th one is Pad. Pad also has three parts named as: arth pad, pramaan pad, madhyam pad.
Pad(1)  A Stanza of poem; (2) Poem; (3) Collections of letters, a word.
Pad પદconsciousness belongs to soul. It stays in the soul and it is the characteristic of soul. While inclination of attachment etc are apad અપદ. Inclination of attachment etc are non protection, non guarding. They are non characteristic of the soul. They do not belong in soul. Padaartha meaning of a word, thing corresponding to a word, a thing, object, substance, matter, essential thing; principle, padaarth means a thing which has substance, attributes and modes. (this is the style of pravachansar).Tatva means reality, element and arth means its bhaav. This arth means padaarth. Tattva refers to a thing from naya perspective, padaarth means thing from pramaan perspectives. Padaarth pramaan kaa vishay hotaa hai. Tattva means the reality and arth means padaarth. Therefore tattvaarth includes tattva and paddarth both. Tattvaarth shradhdhaanaam samyag darshan means shraddha in tattva and padaarth both means samyag darshan.
PadaLength measure, 6 angulas, ¼ part of verse; Step
Pada/gacchaNumber of terms; Meaningful word; Syllable
PadaarthaSix dravyas or substances with their  attributes and Paryaya(change of state); Meaning of a word; Thing corresponding to a word;  A thing; Object; Substace; matter; Category of existent; Category
Padartha-pratibandha:Indirectly connected with an object
Padasth DhyaanWhen one takes the support of the pure letters and performs meditation then it is known as Padasth Dhyaan. Here the main support taken is of the words because words get generated from vowels and consonants. Therefore it is also known as varna maartrukaa dhyaan. In the beginning from the center of the navel one establishes a lotus with 16 petals. And on each petal, he meditates 16 vowels in succession. These 16 vowels are: अआइईउऊऋलृएऐओऔअंअः Thereafter on the heart he establishes a lotus with 24 petals and then he meditates on following 25 consonants: कखगघङचछजझञटठडढणतथदधनपफबभम Then the aspirant soul imagines the third lotus in his mouth with eight petals and then imagines the remaining eight consonants: They are: यरलवशषसह. In this way the aspirant soul meditates on these vowels and consonants. With this type of meditation, he now becomes the knower of the scriptural knowledge "shrug gnaan. Thirty five, sixteen, six, five, four, two and one letters are manta representing five

supreme beings. Aspirant soul meditates on these mantra. They are:

नमो अिरहताणं नमो िसद्धाणं नमो आयिरयाणं नमो उवज्जायनम नमो लोए सव्वा साहूणं"    "35 letters.

अहतिसद्धाचायोर्पाध्यायसवर्साधुभ्योनमः , अिरहतं

िसद्ध आयिरय उवज्जाय साहू"    "16 letters


िसद्ध् ,  अिरहतं

िस सा, ॐ नमः िसद्धेभ्यो , नमोङहित्सद्धेभ्यो"    "6 letters

अ िस आ उ सा, नमो िसद्धाणं —five letters


,  अ िस साहू —four letters.

ॐ ह्रीं ,  िसद्ध ,  अ िस — two letters

ॐ, ओ, अ, िस"    "one letter.

With this padasth dhyaan, one ends up knowing the eternal substances and with the worshipping of the deities he is progressing towards the liberatio. He also ends up with manifestation of super sensuous knowledge.

Ref: Ref: Paatanjal Yog evam Jain Yog Kaa Tulnaatmak Adhyayan fifth adhyaay Aadhyaatmik Vikaas Kram page 230"    231, Gnaanarnav slok 1910    2032 on chapter of Padasth Dhyaan, Vachanaamrut Shrimad Rajchandra patrak 761))

Padastha dhyaanaMeditation of holy chants; Litany
Padastha-dhyana:Concentration upon holy chants
Padbhutself entity.
Paddhattimethod, mode, way; systematic method or way of doing things; book describing such method, traditional custom, paramparaagat rit rivaaj.
Padma lesyaaLotus-pink aura
Padma-lesya:Lotus-pink karmic stain
Padmaasanone of the eighty four asanas of yoga, to sit with folded legs.
PadmaasanaAbandonment of the body; A standing posture of meditation is kayotsarga and sitting position is called padmasana
PadmanaathaSixth Teerthankara
PadyaA poem or song as opposed to Gadya which is story or writing
Paindastha-dhyana:Concentration upon certain objects made up of the elements of matter
PakavaannaCooked food
Pakhanda-mudhataPerverse faith; Peverse idiocy
PaksaSubject: Minor term; Fort-night
Paksa dharmatvaSubjective subsistence
Paksa-sadhya-samsarga:Association of the subject with the probandum
Paksa-suddhi:Purification of the thesis
PaksabhaasaFallacious argument
Paksabhana:Knowledge of the subject
Paksadharmata:Subsistence in the subject
Paksadharmatva:Subsistence in the subject
Paksadosa:Fallacy in the thesis
Paksavacana:Statement of the subject
Pakshasubject, wind, side, aspect, side of an argument, jo saadhya se yukt hokar hetu aadi ke dwaaraa vyakt kiyaa jaaye use paksh kahte hai, Saadhya dharma se yukt dharmi ko paksha kahate hai. Mountain is the paksha (in which fire    saadhya is present) that is why mountain is called saadhya yukt dharmi    , where there is presence of saadhya    fire    dharm. It is known as minor term (in syllogism), subject, probandum, Jisko hum prasiddh karnaa chaahte hai usko paksh kahate hai.    "one which we are trying to show is known as paksh. Fire is there because  there is smoke. Where is the smoke.? It is on the hill. Therefore hill’s fire is subject that we

want to prove. Fire is also present in the kitchen and on the hill but at present our subject"    "paksha is hill’s fire. So we are not talking about fire present in the kitchen. We are talking the fire present on the hill. Therefore hill’s fire is the paksha. Fire itself is not paksha but the hill’ fire is our paksha. Kitchen’s fire is not our paksha in this discussion.

There is presence of raag and therefore there is soul. One says that the siddh soul has no raag. For that person we can say that we are not talking about the siddh soul. We are talking about the transmigratory soul with the raag. So the transmigratory soul’s raag becomes paksha. My paksh is transmigratory soul. By saying presence of raag I am not talking about siddh soul. My paksha is transmigratory soul. jahaan dharm paayaa jaataa hai use dharmi kahate hai. Wherever attributes"    dharma    are perceived is known as dharmi    "that which supports. Dharmi is known as paksha. e.g raag waalaa atma. Here the dharmi is atma and raag is dharma. One is talking about the fire on the hill and ignorant soul now starts talking about the fire in the kitchen. One is talking about the soul with bonded karma and ignorant soul ends up talking about the soul with no karma bondage at all. The nischyayaabhaasi is born in this situation. The fallacy of absolute point occurs in this situation. One must know which soul is been discussed and concentration has to be there. If the discussion is for the

bonded soul then one has to understand that perspective and not to confuse with mixing up the discussion of the pure eternal soul.

Its that in which the presence of probandum is not known for certain and is yet to be proved; e.g. the mountain is probandum when smoke is probans. Paksh means aashray, refuge."

PakshaSide;  Aspect; Side of an argument; Thesis
Pakshaabhaasfallacious arguments.
PakshaabhaasaFallacy in argument
Pakshaatikraantto experience the true nature of the soul.
PakshantikrantaBeyond any argument state; Beyond any aspect
PakshiFortnightly; Penitential retreat
Pakshika sraavakaGross votary
Pakshpaatpartiality, favoritism, adopting a side or argument, sympathizing.
PaksikrtaSubject: Minor term; Fort-night
Paksiya sadhya-sadhana-sambandha:Relationship of the probandum and the probane of the subject
Palperiod of 24 second, moment.
PalaWeight unit, 4 karsas, moment.
PalyaA measure of pit-based time
PalyankaPosture of sitting on hams
Palyopama(1) A measure of simile time; (2) Pit-measured time; (3) It is a measure of time by the Jaina standards
Pamana-siddha:Proved by definite organ of knowledge
Panપણ, but; nevertheless; besides, moreover; also. In Hindi it is “भी Bhi”
PanaDrinks;  A food type
Panca-kalyana:The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara; -mahotsava (the celebration of these events)
Panca-mahavrata:see also mahavrata
Panca-namaskara-mantra:see also namaskara-mantra
Panca-rupya:Five characteristics
Panch bhaavafive types of emotions.
Panch labdhifive achievements.
Panch mahaa bhutthe five elements according to Hindu cosmology, viz. earth, water, light, air and space. aakaash, pruthvi, jal, tej, vaayu.
Panch paraavartanmundane soul wanders in five kind of cycle of wandering.
Panch parmesthifive supreme souls. see panch parmesthi slides for their attributes. it is in jainism slides in documents section on kirit’s computer.
Pancha aacharaFive-fold conduct
Pancha astikayaFive extended  substances
Pancha indriyaFive-sensed; Five senses
Pancha kalyaanakaFive auspicious events
Pancha-amritaSolution of five sacreds; Charanaamrita
Pancha-bhaavaFive types of emotions
Pancha-kalyaanaThe five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara
Pancha-paraavartanaPanch paravartan i.e. mundane soul wanders in five kind of cycle of wandering.
Pancha-parameshthi(1) Five supreme benevolent personalities namely Arihanta, Siddha,  Achaarya,  Upaadhyaaya and Sadhu;
 (2) Five supreme souls; (3) Five worship-able supreme sacred souls, Arihantas,  Ashareeri (Siddha),  Achärya, Upädhyäya, Muni (Sadhu)
Panchaachaarfive activities of monk darshan, gnaan, charitra, tap and virya.
Panchaastikaaywritten by Aachaarya kundkund describing the 6 substances and 9 elements. Has 173 stanzas. Amrutchandra Aachaarya wrote tikaa and it is samay vyaakhyaa and Jaysen Aachaarya wrote tikaa named Tatpary Vrutti. Pande Hemraj ji wrote Hindi tikaa of Samay Vyaakhyaa and is known as Baalaav Bodh Bhaashaa Tikaa.
PanchaastikaayaFive of the six entities of the Universe e.g. Jiva Pudgala. Dharma Adharma and Akash and without six entity Time.
PanchaastikaayasaaraThe Sacred book authored by Ächarya Shree Kundkunda
Panchakalyanaka-pratisthaConsecration of images through five-fold auspicious events
Panchakalyanaka-pratisthaa- mahotsavaThe ceremony depicting the five events of conception, birth, renunciation, enlightenement and nirvana is called Panchakalyanaka-pratistha-mahotsava. The great
 celebration of installation through the five auspicious events.
PanchendriyaSouls with five senses or five sensed life form, namely
 touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing.
Panchendriya-naamakarmaPhysique-making karma of five sense organs.
PanchvidhataaFive varieties
Panditहितािहत विवेिकनी बुिद्ध पंडा कहलाती है ये बुिद्ध जिसमे है वह पंंडित कहलाता है
Pandit-apandit/sraavakaReligious listener; Votary
Pani patraHand-bowl
Panimikta gatiCurved motion; Transmigratory motion
PanipaatraHand-bowled monk; Hand bowl
Panka-bahula-khandaMud-predominating portion (of hell)
PankajaLily flower
Panktiline, row; row of persons sitting down for meal.
PannatoSpoken  or taught
Panuit shows the characteristics after a given word. see gnaayakpanu.
PanyaasaA special status of idolater svetambara monks;  A rank of preceptor
Papa:Unwholesome karmas
PapopadeshEvil instruction
Papopadesha:Preaching of sin to others.
Paralien being, non self.
Par bhaavaalien condition, alien quality
Par bhaavaAlien condition; Alien quality
Par Bramheternal true nature of soul.
Par dravyaalien substance
Par dravyaAlien substance
Par gneyaalien recognizable objects
Par kshetraalien space point.
Par lakshiobjective,
Par nimittaalien instrumental cause
Par or ParaNon-self;  Anything not Soul or of soul is para
Par parinatialien modification.
Par prakaashakrevelation of alien substances.
Par rupsimilar to alien objects, having the form of alien object,
Par samayfalse believer, the impure one, absorbed in the non self.
Par stri gamanunchaste person.
Par vyavashaayakwith knowledge one knows the alien objects like pot, cloth etc. This is par vyavashaayak knowledge. conviction regarding alien objects.
Par-nimittaAlien instrumental cause
Par-samayaFalse believer; The impure one; Absorbed in the non self
Para (Samgraha naya):Ultimate
Para prashansa:praising others
Para samayaHeretic canons; Alien canons; Non-Jain canons.
Para-chatushtayaOther's quarter union; Group of four aliens
Para-dravyaAlien substance or object , location, time and mode
Para-dravya:The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects
Para-kaya-sastraAlien-body weapon
Para-prasansaaPraising others
Para-pratipatti:Understanding of others
Para-upadesaTeaching others
Para-vyapdesaDelegation to others
Paraa drastiThis the goal of the achiever. He is free from all the likes and dislikes. He is fully stabilized and is surpasses all codes of conduct. He has achieved omniscience. He is in the transcendental supreme stage of complete bliss and freedom. This is the stage of samaadhi.
Paraadhintadependency, orthodoxy, constraint,
Paraangmukhnot to have attention towards out side things.
Paraapar guruthe enlightened monks who follow the Omniscient Lord’s preachings.
Paraarth pramaanestimating other with valid knowledge. Paraarth pramaan is vachan roop. Shrut pramaan is swaarth as well as pararath pramaan, verbal verification with authenticity and impartiality, vachanaatmak pramaan paraarth pramaan kahevaay chhe.
Paraarthaanumaaninference through the help of articulated propositions for convincing other in a debate.
Paraashritbased on alien substances, alien dependancy.
ParaashritaBased on alien substances
Paraavalambandependence on others.
Paraavartancycle of change, independence, Since time infinite the mundane soul keeps on wandering in cycle of transmigration due to wrong faith is known as paraavartan, parivartan, paribhraman, and transmigration. One which shows the transmigration is known as transmigratory souls. Cycle of change is also known as transmigration.

Cycle of change is of five types:

1: Cycle of matter Dravya Parivartan "related to matter particles’ acceptance and renunciation.

A: quasi karma cycle of matter"    no karma B: Karma cycle of matter    "karma

2: Cycle of space"    Kshetra Parivartan    "To touch the space points of the space related cycle.

3: Cycle of time"    Kaal Parivartan    "cycle related to having birth and death related to the time cycle.

4: Cycle of incarnation"    Bhav Parivartan    "to accept birth and to die related to infernal etc realms

5: Cycle of thoughts"    Bhaav Parivartan.    "Having changes occurring due to passions and yog related births and deaths

(Ref: Kartikey Anuprexa gaathaa 66). Dravya Paraavartan:"    "Cycle of Matter:

Living being keeps on accepting karma particles like knowledge obscuring karma etc in a given samay. Thereafter he keeps on discarding those particles time to time. Similarly he also keeps on accepting quasi karma particles in a given samay and then keeps on discarding throughout the life. Now in the counting of the paraavartan, in first samay, living being accepts such material particles with their own intensity of greasiness , dryness, color, smell, taste, intense, medium or mild intentions. When this living being ends up accepting same intensity of these particles in exact same proportions and with same intensity as before then it is counted as one cycle of matter"    "dravya paraavaran. This living being has made infinite such cycles in the past.

Nokarma Dravya Paraavartan: Quasi karma Cycle of Matter:

One includes gross body with electric and karma bodies, and also fluid body with electric and karma body"    "these types of three bodies.

Also one has to include six capacity to development. They are: food particles (ahar vargana), speech particles (bhasha

vargana), mind particles (mano vargana), senses particles (indriya vargana), body particles (sharir vargana), and respiratory particles (swashochchhwas  vargana). They are able to give the soul the power to make a proper body and senses in their fullest form of development.

Living being accepts the material particles for these three bodies and six types of capacity to development in a given moment and again the same numbers and types of material particles with their same characteristics of touch taste smell and color are accepted in future then he has completed one quasi karma cycle of matter.

Karma Dravya Paraavartan"    "Karmic particles cycle of matter:

A living being accepts eight types of karma with their own characteristics. When the same living being accepts the same number of karma particles with the same characteristics of touch taste smell color etc then there is one karma dravya paraavartan.

Time for the Nokarma and Karma Dravya Paraavaran is same. Kshetra Paraavaran"    "Cycle of Space:

The relations with the living being’s deluded state and the space points of the space is mentioned in this cycle of space. The center eight space points of the cosmic space and center eight space points of the body of the subtle one sensed incompletely developed minimal body and with lowest possible birth"    sukshma nigod mein aparyaapt sarva jaghanya sharir vaalaa aur shudra bhav ko praapt hua    "are taken in to consideration. Such living being takes birth here and thereafter in sequence he takes birth in adjacent space point. When the living being finished touching all the space points of the cosmic space then the first kshetra paraavartan is done. The living being made infinite such cycle of space in the past.

Kaal Paraavaran"    "cycle of time:

A time cycle is of two types: ascending and descending. Both are of ten krodaa krodi saagaaropam years. So total time cycle is of 20 KKSP years. When the living being takes birth in the first samay of the time cycle and in sequence finishes taking birth in total 20 KKSP years, and similarly he dies in each samay in sequence in all of the 20 KKSP years then one kaal paraavartan is done.

Bhav Paraavartan: Cycle of Incarnation:

The minimum age for infernal and celestial beings is 10,000 years and maximum is 33 saagaaropam year. Minimum age of humans and subhumans is intra indian hour"    antarmuhurt to the maximum of three palya ( palya is very long period of time with the example of the ditch of one yojan long, width and deep and fill with hairs pieces of the newly born sheep and take one piece out every 100 years. Time taken is one palya). When the living being takes birth in each realm in sequence with each samay and the time taken for completion of these periods is known as one bhav paraavartan    "cycle of incarnation.

Bhaav Paraavartan:"    "cycle of thoughts:

Karma bondage is of four types: 1. Prakruti bandh"    types of karma bondage e.g. knowledge obscuring karma etc. different types, 2. Pradesh bandh    amount of karma particles bondage. 3. Anubhaag bandh    "at the time of karma bondage the intensity of fruition is

decided and that is anubhaag bandh 4. Sthiti bandh"    at the time of karma bondage the duration is decided and that is sthiti bandh. The prakruti and pradesh bandh are related to the vibratory activity of the space points of the soul    yog    "and sthiti and anubhaag are decided by passions of the soul. Therefore yog and passions of the soul become the instrumental cause for karma bondage. Therefore yog and passions determine the four types of karma bondage. These inclinations of the soul are infinite in numbers. When soul take birth with each of these inclinations in sequential order then one cycle of thought is completed. One must remember that the order of the yog and passions have to be in sequential order starting from minimal to maximum.

Karma get bonded in four forms: 1: Prakruti"    types ( e.g. knowledge obscuring etc. eight types), 2: Pradesh    amount of karma particles getting bonded, 3: Duration    how long karma will stay with the soul, (minimum time to maximum time    e.g. knowledge obscuring karma minimum time is intra indian hour and maximum is 30 krodaa krodi sagaropam) 4: Intensity at the time of fruition    "anubhaag.

With each of the four karma bondage types there are corresponding thought process"    "adhyavasaan occurring in the soul.

Soul’s vibratory activity of the space points occurring corresponding to the “types and amount” of karma bondage is known as yog sthaan.

Soul’s thought process corresponding to the duration of the karma bondage is known as Sthiti bandh adhyavashaan sthaan.

Soul’s thought process corresponding to the intensity of karma bondage is known as anubhaag bandh adhyavasaan sthaan.

For each yog sthaan there is corresponding sthiti and also anubhaag sthaan has to occur in sequence. That means there has to have permutation and combination of the three forms in the soul’s sphere has to occur. One must remember that these permutation combination has to be in sequence only. For example with first yog sthaan, there has to have corresponding first sthiti and anubhaag sthaan and thereafter sequence continues in order only. In between time when out of sequence the thought process occurs at the time of birth of this fully developed sential five sense wrong faith living being (sangni panchendriya paryaapt jiv) is not counted.

All these changes in sequence are to be observed in the sential five being livings only

When one finishes these corresponding yog sthaan, sthti bandh sthaan and anubhaag bandh adhyavasaan sthaan in sequence in fully developed sential five sense wrong believer living being

(sangni panchendriya paryaapt jiv) then one bhaav paraavartan is completed.

In these five cycles, the cycle of thoughts is the absolute conception"    nischaya    and remaining four are conventional conception    "vyavahaar.

These five cycles of changes are only occurring to wrong faith living being. With right faith there is no cycle of changes seen.

There are so many living beings presently living as permanent status in the lowest form of life"    nitya nigodh    but they have capacity for these five cycles. They have not entered all those cycles but have capacity. So with conventional usage    upchaar    "they are been said to be in five cycles.

There are also some living beings who have yet not accepted all the matter particles of the universe. But because of having inclination of attachment and aversion, they have capacity to accept those particles and that is why it is been said that they have accepted particles infinite times.

A living being keeps on wandering in these five cycles due to his own doing. With his own inclinations he keeps on wandering.

(Ref: Sarvaarth siddhi adhyaay 2, sutra 10. Moksh shastra adhyaay 2 sutra 10, samyag gnaan chandrikaa 16th chapter"    bhaavya maarg praarupnaa, Gommatsaar jiv kaand gatha 560, Parmaatma Prakaash adhyaay 1 doshaa 77,Brahad dravya sangrah gaathaa 35, Kartikeya anuprekshaa gaathaa 70)

ParaavartanaChange of state; Wandering; Repetition; Reflection; Cycle of change
ParagatiSupreme destinity; Highest goal
Paraghaatto injure or kill some one.
Paraghata:Destructive; Possessing a limb or organ fatal to others, as a lion's claws, etc.
ParalingaAlien mark
ParalokaAlien world; Other world
Paramsupreme, best or greatest; previous to yesterday or subsequent to tomorrow.
Param aagamhighest scriptures. supreme bliss.
Param advaitpath to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss
Param audaarik sharirsupremely pure gross body, body of the omniscient lord devoid of any lowest forms of lives within, nigodh jiv rahit kevali nu sharir
Param bhaava lakshanquality of supreme nature. Param dharma supreme righteousness.
Param brahmasupreme soul Param aanand
Param dharma dhyaanpath to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Param ekatva path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss.
Param gnaansupreme knowledge, omniscient knowledge, Param guru excellent teacher, omniscient lord, supreme teacher, Param jyoti unsurpassed splendor. supreme splendor,
Param nij swaruppath to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Param nyaaya conclusion
Param paarinaamic bhaavinherent nature, Natural activity of soul, For every substance has its own eternal state which is without any alien attachment and that is its paarimaamic bhaav, Pratyek padaarth ke nirupaadhik tathaa trikaalik swabhaav ko uskaa paarinaamic bhaav kahaa jaataa hai, transformation of a substance which is automatically called forth by a mere existence of this substance, natural self transformation undergone by a substance
Param padhighest position; final beatitude. Param purush god.
Param samrasi bhaavembodiment of total passionless state. Param rushi, lord arihant, supreme authority,
Param shaantiunrivaled peace
Param shuddha nischaya nayaa view point believing in Supreme pure soul, The partial point of view which makes the object of faith and vision drasti no vishay of the soul which is devoid of color etc, inclination of attachment etc and divisions of attributes and involves only the eternal, undivided, indivisible, oneness, nature of the all knower virtue only. परम शुद्ध निश्चय नय , रंग        "राग और भेद से रिहत त्रिकाली अखंड अभेद एक ज्ञायक भाव अथार्त शुद्ध पािरणािमक भाव रूप, दृिष्ट  के विषय को अपना विषय बनाता है

The partial point of view which makes the object of knowledge to the pure

inherent nature of the soul in its universal nature"        saamaanya ansh se        "is known as param shuddh nishchaya naya. This itself is the pure eternal true nature of the self. It is the object of the knowledge mode which is directed to the self, is veneration for venerable and contemplation for worth contemplating.

शुद्ध पािरणािमक भाव रूप सामान्य अंश की मुख्यता से आत्मा को जानने वाले ज्ञान को परम शुद्ध

निश्चय  नय कहते है. यही शुद्धात्मा, स्व सन्मुख ज्ञान का ज्ञेय, श्रद्धा का श्रध्येय तथा ध्यान का ध्येय है

Some times the “view point believing Supreme pure soul” param shuddh nishchay naya is also mentioned as shuddh nischaya naya"

Param tattvaultimate reality; Supreme Being, Brahma, supreme reality,
Param tatva gnaanknowledge of the supreme reality, ultimate state of bliss, param advaita
Parama aagamahighest scriptures
Parama brahmasupreme soul
Parama paarinaamika bhaavaPure inherent nature of the soul
Parama suddha nischaya nayaA view point believing Supreme pure soul
Paramaanandecstasy, ultimate bliss, path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss,
ParamaanuThe smallest ultimate particle of the matter from which other atoms that we know are made
Paramaanu,  dravya/bhaavaSubstantive/model atom.
Paramaarthhighest end of man, emancipation; ultimate reality; benevolence, ultimate view, point transcendental, highest truth, release from rebirth, transcendental reality, vaastavik, real, true; proper
paramaarth baahyasaint who does not have quality of differentiating self from other. Paramaarth buddhi spirit of benevolence; altruism.
Paramaarth pratyakshadirect non sensory perception, direct intuition,
Paramaarth satultimate constituents, transcendental realm of truth, very true reality, ultimately real,
Paramaarth satyaultimate truth, transcendental realm of truth, param satya, Paramaarth tattva suddhopyog, supreme element    
Paramaartha(1) Highest reality; (2) For the benefit of the top i.e. soul
Paramaartha pratyaksaDirect non-sensory perception
ParamaartheFrom the point of view of Moksha
Paramaarthibenevolent; altruistic.
Paramaataman or ParamaatmaaThe highest liberated soul; Supreme soul; Inner soul
Paramaatma sakalSoul of Arihantaa
Paramaavadhisupreme clairvoyance,
Paramaavagaadh ruchi darshanaaryaa type of aarya, noble person,
Paramaavagaadh samyak darshanright perception with deep predilection, omniscient lord’s annihilating serene vision. kevali kaa kshaayik samkit
Paramaavasthaastate of salvation,
Paramanu karya/karanaEffect/cause, atom
Paramat sahishnutaatolerance of other people's opinion; liberality of outlook.
Paramatman:The highest [the liberated] soul
Paramaudarika-sariraSupremely pure-gross body
ParamavadhiSupreme clairvoyance
ParameshthiSupreme benevolent  personalities; Paragon; Supremely chosen
Parameshwariof or about God; divine. f. the great goddess Parvati. suddhopyog, passionless conduct, pure consciousness of serenity, nischay ratnatray, absolute triple gems.
Paramesthin:The supreme divinity
Paramopexa sanyamutsarg, nischaya naya, sarva parityaag, vitrag chartitra,
Paramotkarshhighest prosperity, rise or glory.
Parampaar bandhaBond in continuity
ParamparaTradition; Convention; Roundabout procedure; Custom sequence; Heretic succession
Paramparaatradition, custom, sequence,row, line, (unbroken); custom or usage coming down from very old times; tradition, convention,
Paraninda:Speaking ill of others.
Parartha (Anumana):For others (i.e. syllogistic)
Parartha:For others (eye etc.)
PararthanumanaSyllogistic deductive reasoning; Syllogistic; Inference for others
Pararthya:Meant for others
PararupaAlien nature.
Parasamaya:The tenants of others
Paraspar upgraho jivaanaamEach soul is present as instrumental cause for others. Upgrah means nimit kaaran.
Parasparopagraho jivaanamSouls render service to one another.' From Tattvartha Sutra 1: 4: 1.
ParattvaPriority; Procedure
ParayayarthikanayaModel viewpoint; Modal standpoint
Pari paatilineage
ParibhaashaaTo tell the meaning of the scripture in a right way
Paribhaashaa to tell the meaning of the scripture in a right way.
ParibhaashaanaSpeaking; Talking; Discourse; Scripture suggesting the real meaning where it belongs.
Paribhaashanspeaking, talking, discourse, scripture suggesting the real meaning where it belongs, pari means from all angles and bhaashan means to speak, to speak about a subject from all the angles, to describe subject encompassing all angles.
ParibhogaRepeatably consummble; Upabhoga
Paribhramansee paraavartan.
ParibhramanaWandering about; going round and round; revolving; rotation.
Parichayacquaintance; intimacy; familiar intercourse; practice, habit., introduction.
ParichchhedaKnowledge; Education; Religious or good teaching
Parichitsarvagn, pari means from all aspect chit means knowledge. all knower.
Paridevana:Piteous or pathetic moaning to attract compassion.
Parigrahaccumulation, possessions, attachment to belongings. two types internal and external. antarang parigrah 14 types and baahya parigrah ten types. please see those section for further details.
Parigrah bhaavemotional attachment
Parigrah parimaanto fix the limits of acquisitions,
Parigrah sangnaadesire for the accumulation of wealth
Parigrah tyaagrenunciation of possessions, 9th pratimaa of 11 pratimaas. Pari means samast prakaare tyaag means renunciation.
Parigrah tyaag bhaavanaasentiments free from attachments.
Parigrah tyaag mahaa vratrenunciation of all worldly materials.
Parigrah tyaag pratimaamodel stage of renunciation of possessions except for useful things like things for worshipping etc. These renunciation is for life long.
Parigrah tyaag vratrenunciation of all worldly materials.
Parigraha(1) Possession; (2) Attachment to belongings; (3) Worldly attachment; (4) Possession
Parigraha parimaanaLimiting one’s possession; Possessional limiting
Parigraha tyaga-pratimaModel stage of possession renunciation.
Parigraha-tyaga:Preparatory to the monk's life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Parigraha:Possession, Worldly attachment.
Parigrahaanandi raudra dhyaandeep involvement in the lust of wealth
Parigrahanandi  raudradhyanaAngeral meditation involving attachment.
Parigrahatyaaga pratimaaThe ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions.
Parigrahatyaga-pratima:The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions
Parigrahiki kriyaAttachmental activity
Parigrahiki kriyaaactivity of deep involvement in attachment.
Parigray tyaag anuvratlimitation in ten specific special kind of possessions. These ten things are: agricultural land, houses, cash money and silver, gold and ornaments, cow etc animals, food grains, male servants, female servants, clothes etc, cooking utensils etc.
Parihaardoing away with, removal, (of difficulties or troubles), rejecting the evil, expulsion, expiation, repudiation
Parihara visuddhiPurificatory course
Parihara-vishuddhi:Ideal and passionless conduct.
ParikarmaMathematics; A division of 12th canon
Parikarma-astaka8-Fold maths operation set
PariksaaExamination; Critique
Parikshaatest, examination. Pari means from all angles and iksh means to know, that means to know a thing from all angles.
Parikshaa MukhCreation of Acharya Manikyanandiji written in later half of 8th century.
Parimaanmagnitude, quantitative, measure
Parimaan hindimension less Parimaapak making to measure,
Parimaana(1) Measured; (2) of proportion
Parimalfragrance, eviction, coition, pervaded, perfumed,
Parimandalcircular, measure of an atom, decorating, ornament,
Parimanditadorn all around,
Parimardrubbing, grinding, destruction, embrace,
Parimardakrubbing, crushing, grinding,
Parimarsh पिरमशर्friction, contact, reflection
Parimarsh पिरमषर्envy, dislike,
ParimeetaMeasured; Limited by measurement; Neither more of less
Parimitmeasured, according to need, not more than required, finite, limited, restricted,
ParimoksaRelease from suffering
Parinaammode, condition, thought activity, change of modification, physical condition, end; fruit, result; consequence; transformation, change; maturity, Changeability, disintegration of previous mode and originate of the present mode is known as transformation, parinaam.
Parinaam lakshan kriyaamodification is the intrinsic property of that mode,
ParinaamaMode; Condition; Thought activity;  Change of modification; Physical condition; Change of state; Volition; Modification; Transition or Transformation; Result
Parinaama saktiVolitional /model energy.
Parinaamaatmak sansaarThe altered activity of inclination of attachment and aversion and also realms of existence like human etc is known as parinaamaatvak sansaar, transforming mundane existence
ParinaamanaTransformation, fructification, Modification, Change
ParinaamavaadaEvolution; Doctrine of transformation
Parinaamiresulting; consequential, of consequential, of resultant nature, dynamic, parinaam rupe nipajyaa karvu te, soul substance, modifier,
Parinaami lakshanintrinsic property of a substance.
Parinaamika bhaavaInherent volition / Disposition.
Parinaamya parinaam shaktiknower and knowable power.
Parinam hetutvaInstrumental cause in the modification of a substance.
Parinamantransformation, fructification, in the soul the pure activity or the altered activity of inclination of attachment and aversion and also realms of existence like human etc is known as parinaman.
Parinaman hetutvainstrumental cause in the modification of a substance.
Parinamanshilnature of getting transformed.
Parinami karanaChangeble cause.
Parinami-nitya:Eternal but constantly changing
Parinami-nityavaadaDoctrine of chandebility-cum-constancy.
Parinamic bhaavainherent nature of a substance, Natural activity of soul,
Parinamika:Existence of knowledge
ParinamitaState of innate change
Parinatimodification, change occurring from previous mode to present one, transformation
ParinatiModification, bending; Result; End; Maturity
Parinati rupfrom transformation perspective, from modification perspectives,
ParipaakaTermination or completion; Fully ripened
ParipatiOrder; Lineage
Paripurnaquite full; perfected.
Paripurna (Naigama):Non-distinguished in general
Parisaha-jaya:Victory over the afflictions
ParisahajayaVictory over afflictions; Subdual/bearing afflicton
Parisesa nyaayaMaxim of remainder
Parishahaafflictions, hardships. monk withstands 22 such afflictions. They are: 1:Kshudhaa parishaha: even with intense hunger not to take food 2Trushaa parishaha: even with intense thirst not to drink 3:Sheet parishaha: cold. suffers with intense cold 4:Ushna parishaha: heat. suffers with intense heat

5:Dans masak parishaha: mosquito etc bug bites dans masak, not to have disturbance by gadflies and mosquito bites

6: Charyaa parishaha: walking with bare feet "charyaa,

7: Nagnataa parishaha: to put up with nakedness with sense of equanimity, 8:Arati parishaha: distaste"        "arati, he withstands with equanimity any of the


9: Stri parishaha: not to look at woman"        "stri, not to get attracted to woman,

10: Nishadya parishaha: seating in certain yoga posture in uncomfortable places like crematory, garden or lonely place"        "nishadhya, no wavering in sitting position in any uncomfortable places,

11: Sayyaa parishaha: sleeping in uncomfortable ground like sand etc, sayyaa. 12: Aakrosh parishaha: wrong faith person does disservice by insulting monk"        "aakrosh, harsh words,

13: Vadha parishaha:"        to have equanimity when some one threatens or beats. 14: Yaachyaa parishaha:        begging        "without exhibiting an attitude of cringing or

arrogance to adopt the career of begging just with a view to enabling oneself to carry out religious tasks,

15: Alaabh parishaha:"        "In spite of begging one does not receive the thing desired then to treat this non receipt as a greater penance than that earlier receipt and thus to remain content with the situation.

16: Rog parishaha:"        "disease. not to get agitated when attacked with any disease.

17: Tran sparsh"        "To withstand the sharpness and harshness of dry grass etc while sleeping.

18: Mal parishaha:not to get disgusted with the dirt accumulating on the body and perspiration etc and not to expect to take shower etc.

19: Satkaar purashkaar parishaha: not to get puffed up with the honor bestowed up on him is satkaar and also not to get honored and not to feel worried is purashkaar. He withstands both the events.

20: Pragnaa parishaha: not to feel arrogant in having miraculous intellect and not to feel dejection not having sharp intellect.

21: Agnaan parishaha: not to feel arrogant at one’s special knowledge of scriptural texts and not to despise oneself when not in possession of such knowledge.

22: Adarshan parishaha: when on account of not being able to see things subtle and supra sensuous to one s if the renunciation practiced by one so far was all futile then to cultivate faith characterized by sense of discrimination and to remain joyful even in a situation like that"        is known as adarshan parishaha.

Parishaha jayaconquest of affliction by endurance
Parishaha jayaConquest of affliction by endurance; Conquest by endurance over afflictions; The victories over troubles
Parishaha-jaya:Sub-dual of sufferings
ParishhahaNatural afflictions; Natural  hardships
Parishpandanto keep on vibrating. e.g. alma pradesho nu parishpandan, vibratory activity of the soul’s space points.
ParispandaMotion; Vibration
ParisravaAfflux of karma
Paritakaya, jivaOne-souled body
ParitapikiMental pain activity
Paritapiki-kriya:Anything which may cause mental pain to oneself or others.
ParityaagaGiving up
Parivarta-pravesaEntering other’s body
Parivartansee paraavartan. end of yuga or age; change; revolution; act of revolving; inversion.
ParivartanaEnd of yuga or age; change; revolution; act of revolving; inversion. Change; Cycle; Transmigration thru secular
circle of dravya space  time bhaava and life
Parivartanaarepetition of gained knowledge
ParivrajakaParibrajak order of monks; Non-Jain medicants; Wandering mendicants
Parivrajaka:A non-Jaina mendicant
PariyojakaAll round knower of Jain tenets.
Parmaarthhighest truth, ultimate reality, transcendental reality, param arth means best of all substances means shuddhaatmaa, benevolence,
Parmaarth ras rupsoul with transcendental reality.
Parmaarth Shrut KevaliWith sacred knowledge shrut gnaan when one knows eternal true nature of self then he is known as knowing masters of scriptures from ultimate reality perspectives parmaarth shrut kevali
Parmaarth tatvasupreme element, shuddha upyoga 
Parmaartha(1) Tool and activities for the best goal of the soul i.e. Moksha; (2) The best interest i.e Moksha of the soul; (3)
 (4) Ultimate Truth or reality; (5) Transcendental reality
Parmaartha tatvasupreme element; Suddha upyoga
ParmaarthicAbsolute point of view
Parmaatma(1) Siddha; (2) Liberated Soul of Arihanta and Siddha; (3) Supreme soul; (4) Arihanta; (5) Transcendental self; (6)
 One who has attained salavation, moksha or nirvana
Parmaatma NikalaSoul of siddha
Parmaatmaagod, supreme god, transcendental self, seat of supreme soul. Parmaatma bhaavanaa path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Parmaatma darshan, path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Parmaatma swarup path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Paramaatma tatva supreme spiritual element
Parmaatmaa swarupnatural state of transcendental self. 
Parmarthika (Pratyaksa):Transcendental
ParmeshthiTop or best beings; Supreme Soul
Parmesthisupreme soul
Paroksa(1) Sensory congnition/Indirect congnition; (2) Indirect organ of knowledge; (3) Opposite of Pratyaksha
Paroksa gyaanaSensory congnition; Indirect knowledge.
Paroksa:Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, Non-perceptual, inference, etc.
Paroparodhakarana:Residence in a place where one is not likely to be prohibited by others nor where one should be likely to prohibit others.
ParoxIndirect, Avishad pratibhaas is known as parox. Impure manifestation of a thing is known as parox: over here the word Parox is lakshya aim and avisad praatibhaas        impure manifestation is the lakshan        distinguishing feature.
Parox gnaan vaadiknowledge is known by some thing else.
Parox gyaansensory cognition, indirect knowledge, impure knowledge, avishad gnaan. The knowledge which occurs with the help of alien things like physical senses etc is known as indirect knowledge. There are five divisions of this paroksha gnaan. Memory, smaran, recognition  pratyabhignaan, logic tark, inference anumaan and scripture aagam.
Parox Pramanindirect knowledge, knowledge of soul from upatt and anupatt that means knowledge of sou gathered from senses, mind, light,  discourses etc. for example, scriptural proof (agam praman), and omniscient’s preaching (sarvagna ni vani) are parox praman. There are five divisions of this paroksha gnaan. Memory, smaran, recognition  pratyabhignaan, logic tark, inference anumaan and scripture aagam.
Paroxa(1) Sensory congnition/Indirect congnition; (2) Indirect organ of knowledge; (3) Opposite of Pratyaksha
Paroxa pramaanaindirect knowledge; Knowledge of soul from upatt and anupatt that means knowledge of soul gathered from senses, mind, light, discourses etc. for example, scriptural proof (agam praman), and omniscient’s preaching (sarvagna ni vaani) are parox pramaan.
ParribhogaParimana vrata; Vow of limiting consumables and non- consumables
Parsad gunaudbhavana:proclaiming the good qualities of others.
Parshvanaatha23rd Teerthankara of Jainism
Parthivi-dharana:Visualization of certain scenes by means of the earth element
ParvaJain holy days; Festival; Celebartion
Parvan:Jaina holy days
Paryaapt jivThis type of knowledge is without any obstruction from Shrut Gnaanaavarniyaa karma.
ParyaaptaDeveloped; Completioned; Complete
ParyaaptakOne who has been completed through all the resultant powers is called fully developed (Paryaaptak).
ParyaaptiKind of capacity to develop, development, completion, the gaining by the soul of the capability to develop fully the characteristics of the body in which it incarnates. Here the food particles (ahar vargana), speech particles (bhasha vargana), mind particles (mano vargana), senses particles (indriya vargana), body particles (sharir vargana), and respiratory particles (swashochchhwas vargana) are able to give the soul the power to make a proper body and senses in their fullest form of development. They are six in numbers:

1. Food power (Aahaar paryaapti) "the soul has the capacity to act as an instrumental cause in collecting food particles in the form of large quantities around the soul and also to liquefy them.

2. Body power (Sharir paryaapti)"    "The food particles, which were collected in quantities, are now transformed into bones, etc, body parts. The liquefied portion is converted as blood and fluid parts of the body.

3. Senses power (Indriya paryaapti)"    "the food particles collected are now transformed into specific senses.

4. Respiratory power (Swaashochchhwaas paryaapti)"    "The soul becomes an instrumental cause in converting food particles into the respiratory organs and functions.

5. Speech power (Bhaashaa paryaapti)"    "The soul becomes an instrumental cause in the food particles becoming converted to speech particles.

6. Mind power (Manah paryaapti)"    "the soul becomes an instrumental cause in the transformation of material particles into specific mind particles. These particles sit as eight petals at the heart. One now has a mind as well as the capacity to think.

One who has been completed through all the resultant powers is called fully developed (Paryaaptak).

Soul, who initiated the powers to develop, but has not yet completed the development is called the possessor of the power to accomplish complete development (Nirvutya paryaaptak).

One who has not completed even one power and who will be dead in 1/18 part of the respiration is determined incapable of development (Labdhya paryaaptak)

One who cannot accomplish any of the powers and who dies before any development is called undeveloped power."    "aparyaapti

All these powers last for intra"    indian hour (Antar muhurt) and each power also lasts an intra    indian hour. First to second to third, etc, powers last for an increasing time of an intra    "indian hour. For example, the first has a smaller time than the second, etc.

All the powers start exactly at the same time; however, the completion of each occurs consecutively.

One sense living beings have 4 and two to five sense beings have 5 and five sense living being with mind has 6 paryaapti."

ParyaaptiDevelopment; Biopotential; Completion; Developable
 ness, Completely developed; Complete development of organs; Gaining by the soul of the capacity to develop fully the characteristics of the body into which it incarnates.
Paryaapti kaaltime period, antarmuhurt required for the completion of 6 paryaapti.
Paryaapti naam karmaa type of physique making karma causing complete development of body, name karma for completion, That which causes complete development of the organs and capacities is the name karma of completion. It is six kinds taking molecules to form the body, development of the body, development of the sense organs, development of respiratory organs, development of the vocal organ and development of brain.
Paryaapti naam karmaA type of physique making karma causing complete development of body.
Paryaapti nirvrutti labdhidevelopment finished, attained, Paryaapti purn apurna, development complete incomplete.
Paryaaymodification, modes, present condition, पयार्य = पिर समन्तात् भेदमेित गच्छतीित पयार्यः ,सवर् तरफ थी भेद ने प्राप्त होय ते  पयार्य, one which has obtained variations  from  all  angles  is  known  as  paryaay
Paryaay bhutavasthaa swarup, nature of its own modifications.
Paryaay buddhimodes as object of vision. modal vision, view point of wrong believer.
Paryaay drastimodes as object of vision. modal vision, view point of wrong believer.
Paryaay gnaanout of 20, a type of scriptural knowledge. This is seen in subtle form of lowest living being. It is present in labdh paryaaptak living beings. This is without scriptural knowledge obstructive karma. Paryaay Gnaan. This knowledge is present in the extremely fine lowest form of living beings sukshmaa nigodiyaa Labdh There is no destruction and therefore Omniscient knowledge Keval Gnaan is called Akshar. Ksharan means destruction. Akshar means non destruction. The infinitesimal part anantmo bhaag of it is known as paryaay matignaan. This knowledge is also without any obstruction and is indestructible. niraavaran and avinaashi
Paryaay gnaan niraavaranknowledge related to modes and is without any obstacle.
paryaay mudhinfatuated in modes, infatuated in modal perspectives.
Paryaay nayaa view point pertaining to know the soul in subtle form
Paryaay panemodal nature.
Paryaay samaasa part of scriptural knowledge pertaining to word knowledge,
Paryaay vaachisynonymous.
Paryaay vaanmatter with particular form or mode, substance with vyanjan paryaay.
Paryaay vyanjanexplicit gross mode,
Paryaaya(1) Change of state every samaya, where dhruva part stays permanent, last change dies and new change takes birth; (2) Modification; ( 3) Variety; (4) Form; (5) Modes
Paryaaya arthaIntrinsic mode
Paryaaya drastiView point of wrong believer
Paryaaya krama-bhaviSuccessive mode
Paryaaya sahabhaviCoexisting mode
Paryaaya sthavira20-yeared monk
Paryaaya vyanjanaManifest mode; Explicit mode
Paryaayaanshorigination and cessation of modes of a substance.
Paryaayaarthic chakshua type of perception related to nature of matters,
Paryaayaarthik nayarelative aspect, modification point of view, The partial point of view knowing from modal aspect, relative aspect. There are six divisions of Paryaayaarthik naya:

१: अनािद िनत्य पयार्यािथर् क नय "Anaadi Nitya Paryaayaarthik Naya

२: सािद नित्य पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Saadi Nitya Paryaayaarthik Naya

३: सत्ता निरपेक्ष अिनत्य शुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Satta Nirpex Anitya Shuddh  Paryaayaarthik  Naya

४: सत्ता सापेक्ष अिनत्य अशुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Satta Saapex Anitya Ashuddh

Paryaayaarthik Naya

५: कमोर्पािध निरपेक्ष अिनत्य शुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Karmopaadhi Nirpex Anitya  Shuddh  Paryaayaarthik  Naya

६: कमोर्पािध सापेक्ष अिनत्य अशुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Karmopaadhi Saapex Anitya

Ashuddh Paryaayaarthik Naya

Ref: Naya Rahashya By Abhaykumar page 267"

ParyaayadrastiModel standpoint
Paryaayarthika nayaRelative aspect; Modification point of view; The point of view of modes
Paryaayatvanature of modes. ( pravachansar stanza 80)
ParyankasanaPosture of sitting on hams
Paryapta:rational five-sensed, fully developable soul.
Paryapti:Developable; capable of developing the body.
Paryaya bhaavaModification; Mode
Paryaya:Mode, Mode; a synonym for bhava, Modification, Modifications
Paryayarthikabhasa:False point of view of mode
Paryayastikanaya:Point of view of the mode
Paryudasa pratisedhaIndirect negation
ParyupasanaaService; Devotion
Paryusana-parva:A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season
Paryushanpari means from all direction ushan means to burn, to burn all eight karma, or to stay closure i.e. meditation, swadhyay etc. Upshaman means to suppress our toxic emotions.
Paryushan-parvaA ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season (usually August or September).
ParyushanaSpiritual Awareness
Paryushana parva(1) 8-10 days Jain holy festival (Aug-Sep); (2) Celebration of spritiual awareness
ParyusitaState food; Partially fermented food.
PasatiA measure unit
Pasavaccijja:Those who follow the discipline of Parsva
Paschaattaprepentance, remorse; penitence; regret.
Pashyantiwith self experience, anubhavshil.
PasukaFoot print
PatalaLower region of universe
Patitfallen, sinful
Patit Paavanpurifier of the wicked or sinners; God
PatrataaEligibility; Worthiness
PauruseyaMan-made; Human-efforted.
Paurusheyarelating or derived from or made by man, human, human action, work of man, human nature or origin, manliness, manly strength, heroism,
Paushadh vratamonkhood exposure vow
Paushadha(1) A religious practice in which the lay follower spends a night like a monk. He keeps away from his wife and normal family life. (2) See Vratas
Paushadha vrataMonkhood exposure vow
PavazzaamiI seek
Pavitrapure, clean; holy, sacred.
PavitraPure; Faultless
Paxaatikraantsoul does not have feeling of attachment and aversion and to experience the true nature of the soul is paxaatikraant and that is the path to salvation.आत्मा में कमर् नहीं है राग नहीं है या इस सम्बन्ध में कोई विकल्प नहीं करना ऐसे विकल्प भी निवर् कल्प अनुभूित में बाधक है. अतः चैतन्य रस का वेदन ही पक्षाितक्रांत दशा है और यही मोक्ष मागर् है
Paxpaatpartiality, partisanship,
Phaddaga:A chapter of monks
PhalaFruit; Effect; Resultant
Phala bandhanaBondage of effect
PhalodahaFruitional opetation
PichhiFly whisk or broom of the softest peacock feathers; Whisk broom
Pinchhiwhisk of the softest peacock feathers.
Pinchi:A peacock-feather whiskbroom
Pindlump, ball; ball of cooked rice given as offering to the deceased or manes; body.
Pindaprakrti(1) The aggregate of the many sub-types of karma; (2) 14 sub-type of physique-making karma, Classifiable types.
Pindastha dhyaanProcedural meditation on soul with different concepts. One meditates by taking help from physical body is known as pindasth dhyaan. Meditating in the nature of the innate eternal soul substance is pindasth dhyaan. When one contemplates his true nature with the omniscient lord then it is pindasth dhyaan. With this pindasth meditation, one tries to concentrates on the nature of the self. For example, one contemplates on the nature of the self with that of Omniscient Lord; In the body to witness the shape of the universe etc. They are five types: Paarthiv, Aagneyi, Maaruti, Vaaruni, Tatva Rupvati, types of five dhaarnaa concepts        "are there:

1: Paarthiv Dhaaranaa: to imagine the ocean of milk of the middle world, and then there is a giant lotus of jambu dwip and in the center there is mount

mere and there is a throne on top of it and there the soul is sitting. This soul with no inclinations of attachment and aversion"        "raag dwesh

rahit aatmaa. This is paarthiv dhaaranaa of pindasth dhyaan.

2: Aagneyi Dhaaranaa: In this concept one meditates on the umbilicus and thinks about the 16 petals of lotus. He contemplates on sixteen vowels like: अआइईउऊऋलृएऐओऔअंअः And from the center of the seed he meditates on word “arham” “अह”. Then “ઈ”"        "“e” he imagines that a flame comes out and this flame burns the inverted eight petals of lotus in the center of the chest. These eight petals represents eight karma. He imagines that the flame burns these eight karma.Then it burns the body and rest of the lotus and thereafter it become quiet now. This is Aagneyi Dhaaranaa.

3: Maaruti (Vaayavi) Dhaaranaa: Now he thinks about the major stormy cyclone

which has made the ocean greatly disturbed. The storm which had burnt the lotus and the body takes away the ashes. Now this storm becomes quiet. With this episode the aspirant soul now meditates on mystic syllable of “So"        "yam” “સોઙયમ”

4: Vaaruni Dhaaranaa: In this concept the aspirant sul meditates up on the cloud with nectar type of rain. He thinks about this type of sky full of rainbow as well as thunder. With the rain now it washes away the ashes collected as a result of burning of body and lotus. He also contemplates on some mystic syllables.

5: Tatva Rupvati Dhaaranaa: Here aspirant soul meditates on the nature of the pure soul devoid of any matter attached to it. He now meditates on the pure nature of the soul with all its grandeur.

In short, there is waking up of all the strength of the soul and as a result the out side negative forces come under control. Now the aspirant soul is progressing towards the shukla dhyaan"        "supreme and absolute meditation.

Ref: Paatanjal Yog evam Jain Yog Kaa Tulnaatmak Adhyayan fifth adhyaay Aadhyaatmik Vikaas Kram page 227" 230, Gnaanarnav slok 1877 1909 on chapter of Pindasth Dhyaan, Tatvaanushaasan slok 183 187.), Meditation on certain object

PipaasaThirst; Desire; Trisna
Pipal treekind of tree sacred to Hindus, ficus religiosa.
Pipasa parisahaThirstal affliction
Pishtpeshanto repeat same thing again and again.
Pita-lesyaYellow aura
Pita-lesya:Yellow karmic stain
Pithikaapreface, introductory part.
PithikaaPreface; Introductory part
Pitr-loka:World of the Manes
PitrulokaWorld of manes
PoorvaaparaForward and backward
PoorvabaddhaPreviously bonded karma
PorisiFood-renunciating for first three hours of day
PosadhopavaasaFasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of the each lunar fortnight; The third sikshavrata and fourth pratima
Posadhopavasa:The third siksavrata and fourth pratima; fasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of each lunar fortnight
Posaha-salaFasting hall
Posaha-sala:Fasting hall
PoshadhaA day chosen by a householder to spend or live a day like a muni or monk
Poshananutrition, nourishment; maintenance.
PotaUmblical birth without covering; Un-umbllical birth
Potaapanusense of belonging to oneself; self identification; individuality; self consciousness; egotism, apanaapan
PotajaBorn without membrane/placenta; Born in base state
PraReturn; Redoing
Praaanvitality, bio energy, life essentials, life principles, exhaled air, breaths, from absolute point of view the consciousness present in the soul is its vitality, from conventional point of view there are ten vitalities like five senses, mind, speech, body, breathing and age. indriya, man vachan kaayaa, swaashoswaas, aayu., praan is the one through the living beings maintains its life. One sense living has four vitalities touch sense, body, breathing and age, two senses have six including two senses as well as speech, three and four sense living beings have seven and eight vitalities, subhumans of five senses without rationality asgni panchendriya tiryanch have nine and five sense living has all ten vitalities.
Praabhrutgift, present, offering, the scriptures which have been established by Tirthankar bhagwan, jo prakrust arthat tirthankar ke dwaaraa abhrut arthaat prasthaapit kiyaa gayaa hai voh, a type of scriptural knowledge, 15th part of twenty part scriptural knowledge,
Praadoshik kaalThe time in which there is element of beginning of night present is known as praadoshik kaal. The time of the later part of the day present near this praadoshik kaal is also known as praadoshik. so it includes time 48 minutes after 12 noon till 48 minutes prior to sunset as well as 48 minutes after sunset to 48 minutes prior to midnight. (see kaalaachaar for further details)
Praadoshiki kriyaaenraging activity, faulty conduct of mind speech and body.
Praadurbhaavappearance; manifestation; coming into existence; outbreak (of epidemic etc.).
Praag abhaavprior non existence.
Praakaraniyaone who is performing an act. kaarya karnaaro.
Praamaaniktaaintegrity, honesty.
Praamaanyatruth, reality, determination to know the object as it is. Two types: when one is acquainted then knows without help from other objects, and when he does not know then need to take help from other objects., authenticity, authority,
Praanvitality. Pramaaniktaa, validity,
Praan asanyamviolence of living beings,
Praan ghaatkilling of living beings,
Praan ghaatiki hinsaaa type of violence, killing,
PraanaBio-energy, vital airs, Vitality, Vitality or life principles are ten five senses, energy, respirations, life duration, the organ of speech and mind. The one sensed living has
 four, two sensed have five, three sensed have six, four sensed have eight, five sensed with no mind have nine and sentient five sensed living beings have ten vitalities, Life; Soul; Breadth
Praana sanyamaVitality control
Praanaayamcontrol of pran or vital breath.
Praanaayama(1) Yogic respiratory control; (2) Breathcontrol or Breath exercises
PraanapanaNasal and anusal airs; Respiration
Praanatthe 24th heaven, a type of heavenly angel.
PraanavadaA name for ancient medical science of vitality
PraanayuA name for ancient medical science of vitality
Praani-sanyamaDesistance from injury to other living beings
PraanidhaanaReflective meditation (sense and quasi-sense)
Praanita-rasa bhojana varjanaRefraining from delicious food.
Praapakcausing to arrive at, leading or bringing to, procuring, establishing, making valid, procurer,
Praaptobtained, acquired; attained; reached, arrived; present.
Praaptaayone has already achieved the desired thing. Praaptaye wanting to achieve the desired thing.
Praaptavyaobtainable, attainable, available, eligible to be obtained, eligible to be acquired, existing, see praapya.
Praaptigain, profit; acquisition; income, procurement
Praapti kramsteps of procurement
Praapyadhruv, constancy, existing, obtainable, attainable, available, eligible to be obtained, eligible to be acquired,
Praapya karmaeasily attainment of object,
Praapya ni praaptiprocurement from obtainable.
PraarabdhaPast karmas
PraarambhaTo initiate; To start
PraathmikaOf the beginning or start
Praatibh gnaanintuitive knowledge
Praatihaaryaeight things heavenly angles keep in front of Tirthankar Bhagwan  for His glory. They are sinhaashan, chamar, chatra, dev dundubhi, pusp vrusti, diwya dhwani, bhaa mandal, Ashok vruksh,
PraayaschittaExpiation; Repentance;  Atonement;  Penitence
Praayashchitatonement, expiation, praay means prakrust, best, supreme, chitt means to aim at the true knowledge and to know it. The supreme thing which is the eternal knowledge that one aims at it and then knows it is known as praayaschit
Praayogikthings happening in the soul due to instrumental cause, causal, contrived, produced by the effort of human beings, activity of the inclination of attachment, raag ki kriyaa.
Praayogya LabdhiCompetency of thought activity. Further, when the previously bonded duration of karmas (excepting age karma) gets reduced to the level of an Antar Koda Kodi Sagaras (within crores into crores Sagaras, i .e., innumerable years) and the duration of fresh bondage of the level of an Antar Koda    Kodi Sagaras would have got reduced to its numerable division, that too, right from the start of the time of that Labdhi shall continue getting reduced gradually and the fresh bondage of many of the demeritorious Prakritis (inauspicious karmas) shall be going on ending gradually    thus attaining of such a worthy state of thoughts & dispositions is Prayogya Labdhi (competence attainment).(Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter    samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti)
Praayojak ruddhiexperimental attainment,
Praayopagamandeath by no service, penitential death
Prabhaalight, luster; pomp; majesty; splendor.
Prabhaa drastiIn this stage there is process of speedy evolution of achiever’s personality. There is inner feeling of complete calm. correct inner position, intense liking for concentration, conquest of sex, detachment in action, calm, steady inner flow of psychic enery and bliss. This is also known as dhyaan.
Prabhaavstrength; prowess; luster, pomp, majesty; influence; effect.
PrabhaavaEfficacy; Effect
Prabhaavana(1) Glorification after religious festival; (2) Promotion; (3) Distribute amongst co-religious associates some material gift; (4) Distribution of presents after religious occasion;
 (5) Illumination; (6) Propagation of the path of Liberation
Prabhaavanaa Glorification of religion, Promoting religion. propagation of teaching of jina, publishing the greatness of Jaina doctrines.
Prabhaavitinfluenced; impressed
PrabhaavitaInfluenced; Impressed
Prabhaavshaalipowerful; lustrous; effective,
Prabhavana:Illumination, Propagation of the path of Liberation.
PrabhrataGift; Treatise
PrabhrutaGift; Present; Offering
Prabhupowerful complete and strong. one which possesses infinite greatness and is with indivisible power, completely independent substance in which there is no trace of helplessness is known as prabhu.
PrabhuMaster; Capable; Lord
Prabhutaaownership; lordship; greatness; divinity, omnipresent.
Prabhutvaownership, mastery; control, supreme sovereignty
Prabhutva shaktipower of the soul due to which it is independent in nature. does not depend on any other substance for its eternal existence. soul is having its own infinite attributes, spreader through innumerable space points and having infinite pure modes. soul is full of infinite greatness, and is having indivisible strength and is completely independently strong. This is known as prabhutva shakti.
PrabuddhaHighly intelligent
Prachala-prachala:Heavy drowsiness.
PrachalaaDrowsiness; Trance
Prachalaa prachalaaDrowsiness; Deep drowsiness
PrachayaCommon difference; Collection.
Prachur bhaav kalankintense stigmatized inclinations.
Prachyutito disintegrate, vyay.
Pradaayakgiver, offerer
PradaksinaSalutary circling; Circumambulation
Pradesa bandhaKarmic space-pointal bond
Pradesa:Space-point; amount of karma
PradesagraFore-front of space points
Pradeshcountry, territory, land; province, region, (of country); place; its area, space points, the quantity of matter, units, particles, indivisible and inseparable parts of a substance is pradesh, portion of the aakaash, space substance obstructed by one individual atom is known as pradesh.
Pradesh bandhquantity of karma bondage, amount of karma particles getting bonded.
Pradesh parishpandanvibratory activity of the soul’s space points.
Pradesha(1) Spatial unit or an unit of space unit; (2) Quantity; (3)
 A smallest space point
pradesha-bandha:The particular number of the molecules actually absorbed.
Pradeshatvaextension in to space
Pradeshatva(1) Shape formation attribute; (2) Shape retentivity
Pradeshatva gunextension in to space attribute, Dravya paryaay.
Pradeshatva:Capacity of having some kind of location in space, Spatiality
PradesodayaManifestation of karmic space points, Non-fruitional operation.
PradhaanThe originator, primordial matter, the original source of material world (sankhya)
PradhaanaThe best amongst the category
Pradhaanataamainly, chiefly
Pradhvansa abhaavasubsequent non existence, post non existence
Pradhvansa abhaavaDestructional non-existence
Pradhvansa bhaavaSubsequent non existence; Post nonexistence
Pradoshwhen some one is giving spiritual discourses, that time another person is spiteful and malignant in his attitude towards it. It is spite.
PradoshaIllusive or maliceful mentality;  When someone is giving an exposition of true knowledge, which is the means to
 the attainment of liberation, another person is spiteful and malignant in his attitude towards it; This is spite evil
 intention; Spite
Pradoshiki-kriya:Tendency to accuse others in anger
PradyotaTo shine as light or lamp
Prafullitfull blown, expanded; full of joy, delighted.
PragabhaavaAntecedent non existence; Prior non existence
Pragatmanifested,open; present; evident, manifest; published. adv. openly; publicly.
Pragataavuappear, manifest; be born; take fire; be lighted (of lamp, fire). v. t. light; ignite.
Pragna parisahaIntellect affliction
Pragnaagreat wisdom, intellect, wisdom, reasoning, extra ordinary learning, intuition.
PragnaaWisdom; Intellect; Talent
Pragnaa chhinisharp chisel of knowledge.
PragnapanaInjunction; Presentation
PraharaA period of three hours
PraivartulaBig circle
Prakaash Shaktiilluminating power, self illuminating,
Prakaashakenlightening; illuminating; publishing. m. publisher.
Prakaashanpublishing; published work, publication.
Prakaashavushine, glow; look nice; become known; come to light. v. t. bring to light; publish.
Prakaashitilluminated,become visible, brought to light, clear, manifest, apparent, evident, displayed, unfolded , discover, illuminated, enlightened, published, promulgated.
Prakalpskim, project, arrangements, best behavior,
Prakaranchapter, an act, kaarya.
PrakaranaPreface; Short treatise: Discourse; Chapter: Case
Prakaranasama (Hetvabhasa):Inconclusive
Prakasa saktiSelf-illuminating power
Prakatavuappear, manifest; be born; take fire; be lighted (of lamp, fire). v. t. light; ignite.
Prakhyaatwell known, famous; celebrated
Prakirnaka:Miscellaneous; a group of Jaina canonical texts; scatterd stars
PrakritiNature; Species; Type of karma/Configuration
Prakriyaaway or mode of doing; process; doing, deed; chapter, section; [gram.] method of coining or forming words.
Prakrti sankramanaTransition of karmic species
Prakrti-bandhana/bandhaKarmic species bondage; Type bondage/configurational bondage.
Prakrti:Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; types of karma
Prakrushtgreat, best, main, principle thing.ultimate, supreme, excellent, specific, particularity, special, peculiar, particular, distinctive,
Prakrusht rupbest form
Prakrutiprimal nature (sankhya)
PrakrutiNature or Swabhaava
Prakruti bandhtypes of material karma bondage e.g. knowledge obscuring etc.
Prakruti bhutswabhaavbhut
PraksalanaWashing and cleaning
Prakshepanto add
Prakshinabsolutely destroyed
Pralay kaaltime of destruction
PralayaDeluge; Destruction; Disappearance; Dissolution.
Pralinintensely engrossed.
Pralobhanstrong inducement
Pramaavalid knowledge
Pramaad charyaacareless dealings
Pramaada(1) Recklessness; (2) Inadvertence; (3) Carelessness in
 experiencing the soul; (4) Indolence; (5) Negligence  (6)
 Remissness, (7) Non-vigilance; (9) Idleness; (10)
 Carelessness: (11) Laziness
Pramaada chaaryaCareless dealings
Pramaanvalid source of knowledge
Pramaan Mimaanshaaepistemology
Pramaan saptabhangimeasure pertaining to seven combinations
Pramaan swarth/paraarthvalid knowledge own gauge/other gauge (criterion
Pramaana(1) Comprehensive view; (2) A full and general
 apprehension of reality; (3) Valid Knowledge;
 (4) Validity; (5) Organ of knowledge; (6) Instrument of valid cognition: (7) Comprehensive knowledge (*) Right knowledge
Pramaanaabhaaswith wrong knowledge one can not make determination of a nature of a substance is known as pramaanaabhaas Fallacy of comprehensive knowledge:
स्वापूवार्थ्र् व्यवशायात्मकम् ज्ञानं प्रमाणं
अपना और अपूवार्थ्र् का निश्चयात्मक ज्ञान प्रमाण कहलाता है श्री मािणक्यनिन्द स्वामी िवचिरत परीक्षा मुख शास्त्र Chapter  1
Pramaanaantaranother means of proof.
Pramaatrione who has a correct notion or idea
Pramaatta(1) Excited; (2) Subject of knowledge; (3) Learned one in subject matter; (4) Negligent; (5) Careless; (6) Insolent;
 (7) intoxicated; (8) Knower
Pramada-charitra:Thoughtless or inconsiderate conduct, such as plucking flowers or breaking branches of trees, without any purpose.
Pramada:Negligence; carelessness; apathy
Praman definitionAccording to Pariksha Mukh Shastra:

स्वापूवार्थ्र् व्यवशायात्मकम् ज्ञानं प्रमाणं
अपना और अपूवार्थ्र् का निश्चयात्मक ज्ञान प्रमाण कहलाता है

श्री मािणक्यनिन्द स्वामी िवचिरत परीक्षा मुख शास्त्र
Chapter 1

Praman saptabhangiMeasure pertaining to seven combinations
Pramana (angulgavyuti, yojana)Units of length,  measures and weights.
Pramana-prasiddhatva:Definitelly proved
Pramana-vikalpa-prasiddatva:Optionally proved
Pramana-vikalpa-siddhaProved as well as optionally proved
Pramana:Dimensions, Organ of knowledge
PramanabhasaPseudo-organ of knowledge
Pramanaikadesatva:Cognising a part of the organ of knowledge
PramanangulaA length measure
Pramanatva:(No definition given)
Pramanavakya:Statement of the organ of knowledge
PramaniktaAuthenticity; Honesty
PramataPramaad; Laziness
PramatrThe knower
Pramatr:The knower
PramattThe passion karma and quasi passions karma that destroy the soul’s ‘passionless perfect conduct’ (Yathakhyat charitra) are called the perfect conduct preventing passions and quasi passions karma. One with the fruition of these karma is known as being in pramatt state. negligent
Pramatta virataNon-vigilanlty restrained
Pramatta-sanyataRestrained with remissness
Pramatta-virata:Total restraint without overcoming pramada; the sixth gunasthana
PramattayogaNegligent activity:  Non-vigilant activity
PramatvaOrgan of knowledge
Pramatva:Organ of knowledge
Prameyaobject to be known completely
PrameyaObject of knowledge; Object to be known completely; Theorem; Self (swagyeya) is the object of knowledge; Subject
PrameyatvaKnowability; Knowableness; Subject matter of knowledge; Capacity of being known by someone
Prameyatva shaktidue to this power
Prameyatva:Capacity of being known by someone, or of being the subject-matter of knowledge, Knowability.
Prameykamalmaartandthe creation of this book is from Prabhaachandraachaarya (from 10th to 11th century). He did critics of the book of Maanikyanandi’s Parikshaa mukh.
PramitiResults of authentic knowledge
PramitiAuthentic knowledge
Pramod bhaavnaato be delighted witnessing some one’s virtue
PramodaJoy; Pleasure; Delight; Gladness
Pramoda:Delight at the sight of beings,better qualified or more advanced than ourselves on the path of liberation.
Pranaamto bow down
PranaamaOffer reverence with folded hands on chest.
Pranapana paryaaptiRespiratory completion
PranapratisthaEnlivening ceremony;  Deification of image
Pranati-patiki kriyaVitality deprivation activity
Pranatipiki-kriya:Depriving another of vitalities of age, sense-organs, power or respiration.
Pranavthe mystic syllable Om Prapanchit to describe in detail.
Pranayama:Yogic control of respiration
PranidhaanaThe stability or quieting down of the kriya or activities of
 the mind, speech body
PranitaInformed; Spoken
Prapti-riddhiAcquisitional prosigy
PrapyakariContactile; The senses which are applicable for the subject of knowledge e.g. hearing for music
Prapyakarita:Working in close contact
Prapyakaritva:Contactory nature
Prarambha-kriya:trying to persevere in one's attachment to worldly belongings.
PrarupaType; Proforma
PrarupanaaEnunciation; Presentation
PrarupelaGiven the rup or presented
Praryakhyana varana karmaRenunciation-obscuring karma
Prasaadsatisfaction, deity and taken by devotees after worship or sacrifice; perspicuity
PrasaadaBlessed food; Food distributed after worship process is over
Prasaadipresent given by deity or guru by way of blessing; grace; thrashing; food and other things offered to deity or guru.
Prasajya pratisedhaDirect negation
PrasamaSpiritual calmness
Prasanga-viparyaya:Perverted cause
Prasannataabeing delighted
PrasannattaSerenity; Being delighted
PrasastiFormal expression of praise; Laudations
Prashamrestraining the mind from passions and other evil tendencies
PrashamaRestraining the mind from passions and other evil
Prashasta bhaav poojaintense psychic worship.
Prashasta dhyancommendable meditation like dharma and shukla dhyan
Prashasta raagraag for vitragta. Aprashasta raag mean raag for raag
Prashasta raagaRaag for vitraagta.  Aprashasta raag mean raag for raag
PrashhastaFacing the self or soul; Beautiful
PrashhastatarMore Beautiful; Better
Prashsy प्रशस्यworthy of praise
PrasidhdhiAccomplished; Success; Attainment; Famousity
Prasnadesa:Astrologer (who answers questions)
Prasnika:Who asks question
PrastaraStratum or layer in society
PrasthaA measure: 4 kudavas
PrasukaSterilised; Warmed
Pratara-gata-samudghataA real expansion;  A real emanation/extrication.
Prathamaanuyogexpositions related to mythology.
PrathamanuyogaBiographical exposition.
PratiOpposite or towards
Prati dhwaniecho
Prati naaraayannine great personalities who are the enemy of naaraayaan They are: Ashwagriv
Prati-narayana:A Jaina literary type; the villian
Pratibaddhbound; hindered
Pratibandha(1) Re-tying of karma; (2) Restricted; (3) The realtion
 with attraction, love desire etc.; (4) To stop
Pratibhaashine up on
PratibhaaPersonality Genius, Intuition, talent, brilliancy
Pratibhaasmanifest one’s self
PratibhaasaReflection like Mirror image (2) Apprehension (3) Shining.
Pratibhaasitseen as reflection
Pratibimbreflected image
Pratibimba(1) Image; (2) Image of Jina or Arhat
Pratibodhawakening; knowledge
PratichchedaCorresponding section
PratignaaProvable proposition; Thesis statement of major
 and minor term; Oath; Promise;  Acknowledge;  Admit; Confirm;  Assert
PratihaaryaAuspicious emblems;  Attendant splendours; 8 auspicious emblems of lord arihant
Pratiharya:Miraculous phenomenon
PratijiviOpposite attributes; Non-affirmative
Pratijivi gunin some attributes there is either purity or impurity is known as Pratijivi gun. in attributes where there is audaayik or kshayik bhaav then it is known as pratijivi gun. They do not have kshayopshamic bhaav. The ‘non affirmative attributes’ in a substance are known as pratijivi gun. e.g. non existence naastitva
PratijnahaniAbandonment of proposition
PratijnantaraCounter-thesis; Counter proposition
PratikaSymbol; Symbolism; Sandrasti.
Pratikramanritualized repentance Five types:

1: Devsi to perform at the end of the day

3: Paakhi To perform at the end of fortnight to repent sins performed during 14 days.

4: Chaumasi to perform at the end of four months

5: Samvatsari to perform once a year to repent sins performed during that given year.

Pratikramana(1) Going back to the original virtues (of soul), which are: compassion, peace, even-temperament, forgiveness, etc.;
 (2) Turn black; (3) Ritualized repentance;  (4) Repentance introspection; (5) Penitential retreat; (6) Expiatory recitals; (7) A confession for lapses, omissions and commissions to oneself. This is to be done daily,
 fortnightly, and yearly.
Pratikramana:Ritualized confession
Pratikrutilikeness; copy.
PratiksepaRebut; Reject
PratilabhaOffering alms or charity
PratilekhanaWhisk broom; whisk-brooming
PratilomakramaInverse order; Reverse order
Pratima:Stages of renunciation for a layman
Pratimaahouse holder’s restraint conduct stages. They are eleven in numbers. House holders spiritual progress stages. They are eleven in numbers: 1: Faith stage of renunciation "Darshan pratimaa: He possesses perfect intelligence and has faith in Jainism principles. He has eight primary virtues of
the householders"
Pratimaa(1) Idol or image of lord; (2) Stage of renunciation for a layman; (3) Model stage i.e. 11 (Eleven) stages of renunciation of a householder. They are 1. darshan pratima possessing perfect intelligence and well reasoned faith in Jainism, that is having sound knowledge of doctrines and their applications in life. 2. Vrat Pratima keeping up the twleve vows and extra vow of
 voluntary death sallekhana. 3. Samayik Pratima
PratimanaStandard small measures
Pratimas:The Eleven stages of the Householder's Life.
Pratipaadto set foot up on
Pratipaadakexpounding; proving, represent
PratipaadakRepresent; Expound; Illuminator
Pratipaadak vaakyaWith some expectation the sentence is been said e.g. soul is with knowledge
PratipaadanAffirming, representing, expounding, proving, illuminating
Pratipaadyathat has to be expounded
Pratipaadya pratipaadak sambandhestablished establishing relationship
Pratipaadya vishayThe presence of a thing for which the sentence is spoken
PratipaksaRival party; Rival view; Opponent
Pratipakshaopposite party; enemy
Pratipakshimember of opposite party; defendant
Pratipannacome up
PratipataFall; Counter-fall
Pratipatin (Avadhi):Extinguishing
PratipattiDefinitive knowledge
PratiprasavaFinal elimination
Pratirupaka vyavaaharaImitation trade;  Adulteration trade
PratisamayeEvery moment; Without interruption; Continuous
Pratisedha-sadhaka (Hetu):Which proves something negative
Pratisedharupa (Hetu):Negative
Pratisevana kusilaTransgressory imperfect monks
Pratishthapan samiticareful about disposal of excreta
Pratishthapan samitiCareful about disposal of excrete and waste
Pratisrika:Each one of them
Pratistha(1) Installation ceremony for the idol; (2) Consecration festival; (3) Dedication ceremony; (4) Consecratory
 installation; (5) Consecration festival
Pratisthaainstallation ceremony for the idol
PratisthitaEnshrined; Consecrated
PratitaAcknowledged; Recognized; Convinced of any thing; Firmly resolved up on; Ttrusting in; Resolute; Obstructed
Pratitiascertain, conviction
Pratiti(1) Conviction; (2) Confidece; (3) Faith or belief; (4) A state of experience; 5) Ascertain; (6) Complete understanding; (7) Khaatri
PratitikaBy experience; Empirical
PrativaadiRival party; Rival view; Opponent; Adversaries
PratividyaaRetaliatory black magic.
PrativisesaDistinguished; Differrence
PratiyogaCounter-part; Competitor
PratyaahaaraWithdrawl of mind; Retreating
Pratyaakhanavaran kashaaycomplete vow preventing toxic emotions
Pratyaakhyaanresolution or determination for not committing faults
Pratyaakhyaana(1) Renunciation; (2) Repulsion; (3) Discriminative knowledge of the self leading to discarding all alien disposition, resolution or determination for not committing any faults; (4) Determination;  (5) Passion which disturbs complete abstinence
Pratyaakhyaana  kashaayaobscuring passions in observing abstinent vows,
 passions hindering complete self discipline, that which arrests complete abstinence of ascetic, preventing complete self control.
PratyaayoKarmic condition;  Karmic Inflow; Causes for karma bondage; Knowledge; Cause; Interrelation causal;
PratyakhsaDirect; Opposite of  Paroksha; Knowledge gained through Senses
Pratyakhyan chatuskaa quartet related to passions.
Pratyakhyan kashayaobscuring passion in observing abstinent vows.
Pratyakhyana varana kashaaya3rd grade of pass ional.
Pratyakhyana:Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six avasayakas
PratyakhyanavaranaIntense type of passion which hinders complete abstinence complete conduct Pratyaya Karmic condition
Pratyakhyanavarananiya:Obstructors of complete renunciation
Pratyakhyanavaraniya:Total-vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
Pratyakhyanavarniya karma prakrutiKarmic nature obscuring positive resolution.
Pratyakhyanavarniya kashayapassion obscuring or causing destruction of complete right conduct.
Pratyakhyanavarniya kashayaTotal vow preventing passions
PratyaksaDirect perception or knowledge; Perceptual cognition; Perceptible by senses
Pratyaksa viruddha:Contradicted by perceptual cognition
Pratyaksa:Direct perception, Perceptual cognition
PratyaksabhasaFallacious direct perception
Pratyaksagamya:Perceived directly
Pratyakshadirect knowledge
Pratyaksha pramaanacquiring direct knowledge with the support of one’s own  soul i.e. atma na asraye. The knowledge which is clear, ocular
Pratyaksha pramaanaAcquiring direct knowledge with the support of one’s own soul i.e. atma naa aasraye or with the help of soul.
Pratyaksha pratibhaasmayadirectly perceiving the object the same way as it is.
Pratyaksha vaadpositivism.
PratyasattiRelation/cause of bonding and influx
Pratyavamarshpratyabhi gnaan
Pratyaya kaarakaCausal; Factor
Pratyaya sthaansituation causing for the karmic influx or inflow.
Pratyayi-kriyaSense enjoyment activity
Pratyayiki-kriya:Inventing new sense-enjoyments.
Pratyek vanaspati kaaysolitary plant souls.
Pratyeka bodhitaSelf-enlightened
Pratyeka bodhitvaSelf enlightenment
Pratyeka buddhaSelf enlightened
Pratyeka jivaIndividual plant
Pratyeka prakratiIndividualised type; Non-classifiable type.
Pratyeka Sharira-Vargana:Individual body-molecule
Pratyeka sharira:Individual body; A body enjoyable by one soul only.
Pratyeka-naamakarmaPhysique-making karma of individual / Solitary body.
Pratyeka:Individual; solitary
Pratyksha baadhitrefutable
Pratyupkaarrequital of obligation
Pratyutpannof present time
PravaahaSeries; Flow
Pravacana-matrka:The eight exercises that prepare a monk for advanced meditational states
Pravachan bhaktiThe worship of scriptures.
Pravachan vaatshalyalove and affection for one’s brethen is similar to the tender love of the cow and her calf.
PravachanaSermons; Scriptural teaching; Reading Narrating and discussion of religious scriptures
Pravachana bhaktiScriptural devotion
Pravachana mata/matraka5 carefulnesses 3 guards, Elight exercise for meditation.
Pravachana vaatsalyaAffection toward co-religiohnists
Pravachana-bhakti:Devotion to Scriptures.
Pravachanavatsalatva:Tender affection for one's brothers on the path of liberation.
Pravachansaarpra means great vachan means spoken words. saar means essence. Essence of spoken words of the omniscient lords. It is written by Aachaarya Kund kund and has 275 stanzas and its tikaa by Amrutchandra Aachaary and it is known as Tatva Pradipikaa. and Jaysen Aachaarya wrote tikaa and is known as Taatparya vrutti.
PravartakaOne who makes others active in the religon
Pravartanpropagation; spread
Pravichaarsexual desire
PravichaaraSexual enjoyment
Pravihaayto discard
PravrajakaA monk order; Group leader monk
PravrajyaOrdination; Renunciation; Intiation
Pravrajyaacomplete renunciation of the world and its attachments; the fourth and last stage of life.
PravrattiActivity;  Trend
Pravratti nimittaReal meaning; Cause of activity
Pravrutti vishayconative object
Pravrutti vishayakconative
Prayascitta:Repentence of transgressions
Prayashchitta:Expiation–internal austerity.
PrayogaSyllogistic formula, Exertion, effort, Experiment.
Prayoga-kriya:bodily movement.
Prayogika bandhaEfforted bonding
Prayogika kriyaHuman efforted activity
Prayogya-labdhiExperimental prodigy / attainment
Prayogya-labdhi:Reduction of karmic matter in soul attainment of purity due to such a reduction
Prayojakoccasioning, one who yokes
Prayojaka-vrddha:A man, who comprehends the word
Prayojan vathaving or done with particular object
PrayojanaFunction; Purpose; Motive; Object; Cause;  Aim; Intention
Prayojyaa servant
Prayojya-vrddha:Elder person, who is asked to do a thing
PrayopagamanaFaultless death
Preksa-dhyanaPercept ional meditation
Prerakathat inspires
PrerakaThat inspires; Prompts; Urges; Causal
Preranaaurging; inspiration; encouragement; order
Preritinspired; promoted; urged; sent.
Preshanto delegate
Presya prayogaServant-efforted errands
Preyah sampradanaAccomplishment of happiness
Prithaktva2-9 number term; Separation
Prithvi kaayaaEarth bodily
Prithvi pandaMass of earth; Hellish ground
Pritikarcausing pleasure to honor
ProsadhaForty-eight hours duration fast
Prosadha pratimaaThird educative vow; Fourth model stage;  48- hour fasting
Prosadha saalaFasting hall
Prosadha upavasaFastin on 8/14th days of each fortnight, 36-48 hour fasting.
Proshadhopavaash vratPaushadh vrata
Proshadhopavasa:Fortnightly must fast, Taking a vow to fast on 4 days of the month,viz. the two 8th and the two 14th days of every lunar fortnight.
Prthaktva vitarkaPure meditation on scriptures
PruthaktvaTwo to nine;  Any one number from two to nine
Pruththakkarananalysis; separating the constituent ingredients of a substance.
Pruthubroad; extensive, wide.
Pruthubudhnwide bottom
Psadha-pratima:The fourth sravaka-pratima
Pudgal paraavartanmatter cyclic change period
Pudgal parmaanuindivisible particles of matter.
PudgalaMatter; Mattergy;  Energy
Pudgala dravyaMatter substance
Pudgala Dravya:Matter-Substance
Pudgala paraavartanMatter’s cyclic change period
Pudgala praksepaThrow out physical stuff
Pudgala skandhaAggregate of mattergy; Mattergic aggregate
pudgala-skandha:Aggregate of matter
PudgalavadiBuddhist soulists
Pudgalavadin:Follower of Buddhist school which upholds a theory of soul
PudgalavartaA time unit
Pudgalollaasmode of matter.
Pujaa grihahouse of worship
Pujaa khandhouse of worship
Pujaa vidhipaying respect
PujaariPriest; One who worships on behalf of the puja sponsor
Pujaniyato be revered
Pulaak munisee muni. He does not have affinity for secondary virtues. He also has not perfected the primary vows.
PulakaSlightly lapsed monk; Shrivelled monk
PullingaMale gender
PumvedaSexual cravings for a female; Male libido, Masculine
PunaruktiTautology;  Repeatition
PundarikaThe best lotus flower
Pungi falsopari
PunyaMerit; Virtue punya karma;  Auspicious or virtuous
 Karma; Piety; Sacred
Punya bhaavsoul’s auspicious manifestation of consciousness
Punya bhaavaSoul’s auspicious manifestation of consciousness, Wholesome; Auspicious dispositions
Punya karmaWholesome karma
Punya prakrtiVerities of merit/Piety
Punya, dravya/bhavaMerit, Physical/psychical
Punya-karma:Wholesome karma
Punya-ksetra:Field of merit
Puraana(1)  Ancient Biography of great men; (2) Legendary stories; (3) Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras.
Puranas:Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras
Purandariwife of indra
Purnaanandfull of super sensuous bliss
PurusaMale; Soul; A Sankhya category
Purusa-visesa:Special soul, i.e., the God (Isvara) of the Yoga school
Purusa:Person, Soul
PurusavedaMale libido
PurushaarthaConscious personal effort; Focused efforts
PurusottamTirthankar bhagwan. best among all living beings.
Purvamost ancient Jaina writings. There are 14 purvas. They are as follow: 1:Utpaad Purva utpaad vyay dhrovya 2:Agraayani purva sunaya durnaya 3:Viryaanuvaad purva : dravya guna paryaay 4:Asti Naasti pravaad purva sapta bhangi

5:Aatma gnaan pravaad purva 8 division of knowledge 6:Satya pravaad purva 12 languages and 10 parts purva    :    nature    of    soul    and    6    types    of    living    beings.    8:Karma    pravaad    purva    nature    and    types    of    karma    9:Pratyaakhyaan    purva    :    vrat    niyam    tap    pratikarman    etc.    10:Vidyaanuvaad    purva    Possesion    of    all    vidyaa    11:Kalyaanvaad    purva    :    63    salaakaa    purush    and    kalyanak    of    all    tirthankars    12:Praanpravaad    purva    :    astaang    aayurved    and    praanaayam    etc    13:Kriyaavishaal    purva    Nrutya

Purva(1) Early canons/texts; (2) East(Purva); (3) Direction;  (4) pre-canons; (5) Sections of Books  (Subdivision of Volume); (6) A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct in twelth volume of angas; (7) Most ancient Jaina writings
Purva ratanu smarana-tyaga:Renouncing of thinking over, remembrance of past enjoyment of women.
Purva:A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct
Purvaahnfirst part of the day
PurvaanubhootataaPrior experience objects
Purvacara (Hetu):Predecessor
Purvacaranupalabdhi:Non-availability of the predecessor
PurvadharaPurva scripts proficient monks
PurvakotiTen million purva time
PurvapaksaPrima facies view
Purvaratanu smarana varganaaRefraining recall of past enjoyment
Purvavat anumaanlike the previous one. It proceeds from a perceived cause to an unperceived effect
PushakarvaraName of a dweep or Island, Only half of it is used for living
Pushpa pujaFlower worship; Worshipping idol with flowers fake or real
Pushpaanjali khsepanaaThrow of handful of flowers and yellow rice grains
PushpadantaNinth of 24th Teerthankaras
Pushtinourishment; support; encouragement; help