Paamar wretched, miserable; narrow, minded; insignificant; meek, poor.
Paachankriya Digestive action
Paahuda Gift; Treatise
Paakkhi Fortnightly
Paakshika Fortnightly; Jain by birth adoption or bias
Paamarataa miserability, poor state, narrow mindedness, unhappiness, dejection,
Paan liquid diet.
Paancha Five
Paanidaar invaluable.
Paap sin; crime; wickedness; evil deed; evil intent; wicked, troublesome, hated, trouble; calamity. One can perform paap in 108 ways. 3:samrambh, samaarambh, aarambh "to think about it, to acquire materials and to actually perform act of sin.3. mind, speech and action.

3. Krut, kaarit, anumodan."  
"to perform the sinful act, to encourage others to do it and to applauding the act.

4. Anger deceit ego and greed. 3x3x3x4= 108."

Paap bhaav soul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness, unwholesome, inauspicious dispositions
Paapa Demerit; Vice; Inauspicious or unwholesome Karmas
Paapa bhaava Soul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness; Unwholesome; Inauspicious dispositions
Paapa sramana Sinful or transgressor monk
Paapa yoni Base born; Sinful birth
Paapa, dravya/ bhaava Sin Physical/psychical; Evil action; Demerit
Paapacharana Sinful activity; Sinful conduct
Paapakarma Sinful karmas; Sinful activity
Paapaprakriti Demerited karma type; Demerited karmic species.
Paapopadesh evil instruction
Paaranaa Fast-breaking
Paaraninda Condemnation
Paaranu meal taken at the end of fast or vow, breaking of fast. cradle.
Paarapakhanda Heretic
Paarinaamic bhaav eternal innate nature of the soul, This is non relativistic in nature. it is nirpexa
Paarinaamic bhaava inherent nature, Natural activity of soul, For every substance has its own eternal state which is without any alien attachment and that is its paarimaamic bhaav, Pratyek padaarth ke nirupaadhik tathaa trikaalik swabhaav ko uskaa paarinaamic bhaav kahaa jaataa hai, transformation of a substance which is automatically called forth by a mere existence of this substance, natural self transformation undergone by a substance
Paarmaarthic relating to the highest truth or spiritual knowledge; caring for truth; spiritual; real, transcendental, true, proper, vaastavik, yathaarth,
Paarmaarthic pratyaksha The complete proper knowledge obtained without any help of the senses or the mind constitutes transcendental knowledge (Parmarthik pratyaksha), Transcendental knowledge; The knowledge which has removed all the obstructions related to dravya, kshetra, kaal and bhaav of a substance and also occurs without any help from any physical senses is the absolutely pure knowledge and that is known as paarmaarthic pratyaksha gnaan. The knowledge, which is without any obstruction and is super sensuous is known as paarmaarthic pratyaksha gnaan. (pariksha mukh page 39), specific capacity of cognition of a soul which does not need any help from senses or the mind,
Paarmeswari Of omniscient lord’s
Paarsva Twenty-third tirthankara of the Jainas.
Paarsvaka Spiritual progeny of  Paarsvanaatha; Slack; Waverred; monk; Paarsvapatyas
Paarsvapatya Spiritual progeny of  Paarsvanaatha; Slack; Waverred; monk; Paarsvapatyas
Paarsvastha Spiritual progeny of  Paarsvanaatha; Slack; Waverred; monk; Paarsvapatyas
Paarthiva dharana Visualisation of scenes of earth element
Paarvati Wife of Lord Shiva of the Hindu Gods; Mother-Goddess
Paath reading or reciting; regular reading, recitation, of religious books; lesson; text of book, reading; portion of text book to be read in a day; acting; teaching.
Paatha (1) Reading or reciting; (2) regular reading, (3) recitation, of religious books; (4) Lesson; (5) text of book, reading;
 (6) Portion of text book to be read in a day; (7) Acting; (8) Teaching
Paathashaalaa School where jainism is taught; School
Paatra Bowl or vessel; Worthy
Paatrajati Leafy plants
Paatrataa eligibility, worthiness, competency, proficiency, mastery, talent, desirable, suitable. suitability, good character.
Paatrataa Eligibility; Worthiness
Paatukrama Fast order of succession
Pachchakhaana Formality for taking a vow; Determination; Vow; A kind of a oath for doing any fasting
Pad collection of letters a word,foot; foot print. n. rank, station; [gram.] word having meaning; a form of poem; [math.] term; root; articles given to a Brahmin (priest) in connection with a religious vow or obsequial ceremony. a part of scriptural knowledge shrut gnaan. There are 20 divisions of scriptural knowledge. the 5th one is Pad. Pad also has three parts named as: arth pad, pramaan pad, madhyam pad.
Pad (1)  A Stanza of poem; (2) Poem; (3) Collections of letters, a word.
Pad પદ consciousness belongs to soul. It stays in the soul and it is the characteristic of soul. While inclination of attachment etc are apad અપદ. Inclination of attachment etc are non protection, non guarding. They are non characteristic of the soul. They do not belong in soul. Padaartha meaning of a word, thing corresponding to a word, a thing, object, substance, matter, essential thing; principle, padaarth means a thing which has substance, attributes and modes. (this is the style of pravachansar).Tatva means reality, element and arth means its bhaav. This arth means padaarth. Tattva refers to a thing from naya perspective, padaarth means thing from pramaan perspectives. Padaarth pramaan kaa vishay hotaa hai. Tattva means the reality and arth means padaarth. Therefore tattvaarth includes tattva and paddarth both. Tattvaarth shradhdhaanaam samyag darshan means shraddha in tattva and padaarth both means samyag darshan.
Pada Length measure, 6 angulas, ¼ part of verse; Step
Pada/gaccha Number of terms; Meaningful word; Syllable
Pada: Word
Padaartha Six dravyas or substances with their  attributes and Paryaya(change of state); Meaning of a word; Thing corresponding to a word;  A thing; Object; Substace; matter; Category of existent; Category
Padartha-pratibandha: Indirectly connected with an object
Padasth Dhyaan When one takes the support of the pure letters and performs meditation then it is known as Padasth Dhyaan. Here the main support taken is of the words because words get generated from vowels and consonants. Therefore it is also known as varna maartrukaa dhyaan. In the beginning from the center of the navel one establishes a lotus with 16 petals. And on each petal, he meditates 16 vowels in succession. These 16 vowels are: अआइईउऊऋलृएऐओऔअंअः Thereafter on the heart he establishes a lotus with 24 petals and then he meditates on following 25 consonants: कखगघङचछजझञटठडढणतथदधनपफबभम Then the aspirant soul imagines the third lotus in his mouth with eight petals and then imagines the remaining eight consonants: They are: यरलवशषसह. In this way the aspirant soul meditates on these vowels and consonants. With this type of meditation, he now becomes the knower of the scriptural knowledge "shrug gnaan. Thirty five, sixteen, six, five, four, two and one letters are manta representing five

supreme beings. Aspirant soul meditates on these mantra. They are:

नमो अिरहताणं नमो िसद्धाणं नमो आयिरयाणं नमो उवज्जायनम नमो लोए सव्वा साहूणं"    "35 letters.

अहतिसद्धाचायोर्पाध्यायसवर्साधुभ्योनमः , अिरहतं

िसद्ध आयिरय उवज्जाय साहू"    "16 letters


िसद्ध् ,  अिरहतं

िस सा, ॐ नमः िसद्धेभ्यो , नमोङहित्सद्धेभ्यो"    "6 letters

अ िस आ उ सा, नमो िसद्धाणं —five letters


,  अ िस साहू —four letters.

ॐ ह्रीं ,  िसद्ध ,  अ िस — two letters

ॐ, ओ, अ, िस"    "one letter.

With this padasth dhyaan, one ends up knowing the eternal substances and with the worshipping of the deities he is progressing towards the liberatio. He also ends up with manifestation of super sensuous knowledge.

Ref: Ref: Paatanjal Yog evam Jain Yog Kaa Tulnaatmak Adhyayan fifth adhyaay Aadhyaatmik Vikaas Kram page 230"    231, Gnaanarnav slok 1910    2032 on chapter of Padasth Dhyaan, Vachanaamrut Shrimad Rajchandra patrak 761))

Padastha Mantra-based
Padastha dhyaana Meditation of holy chants; Litany
Padastha-dhyana: Concentration upon holy chants
Padbhut self entity.
Paddhatti method, mode, way; systematic method or way of doing things; book describing such method, traditional custom, paramparaagat rit rivaaj.
Padikkamanama Introspection
Padma lesyaa Lotus-pink aura
Padma-lesya: Lotus-pink karmic stain
Padmaasan one of the eighty four asanas of yoga, to sit with folded legs.
Padmaasana Abandonment of the body; A standing posture of meditation is kayotsarga and sitting position is called padmasana
Padmanaatha Sixth Teerthankara
Paduka: Footprint
Padukaa Footprint
Padya A poem or song as opposed to Gadya which is story or writing
Paindastha-dhyana: Concentration upon certain objects made up of the elements of matter
Pakavaanna Cooked food
Pakhanda-mudhata Perverse faith; Peverse idiocy
Paksa Subject: Minor term; Fort-night
Paksa dharmatva Subjective subsistence
Paksa-sadhya-samsarga: Association of the subject with the probandum
Paksa-suddhi: Purification of the thesis
Paksa: Thesis
Paksabhaasa Fallacious argument
Paksabhana: Knowledge of the subject
Paksadharmata: Subsistence in the subject
Paksadharmatva: Subsistence in the subject
Paksadosa: Fallacy in the thesis
Paksavacana: Statement of the subject
Paksha subject, wind, side, aspect, side of an argument, jo saadhya se yukt hokar hetu aadi ke dwaaraa vyakt kiyaa jaaye use paksh kahte hai, Saadhya dharma se yukt dharmi ko paksha kahate hai. Mountain is the paksha (in which fire    saadhya is present) that is why mountain is called saadhya yukt dharmi    , where there is presence of saadhya    fire    dharm. It is known as minor term (in syllogism), subject, probandum, Jisko hum prasiddh karnaa chaahte hai usko paksh kahate hai.    "one which we are trying to show is known as paksh. Fire is there because  there is smoke. Where is the smoke.? It is on the hill. Therefore hill’s fire is subject that we

want to prove. Fire is also present in the kitchen and on the hill but at present our subject"    "paksha is hill’s fire. So we are not talking about fire present in the kitchen. We are talking the fire present on the hill. Therefore hill’s fire is the paksha. Fire itself is not paksha but the hill’ fire is our paksha. Kitchen’s fire is not our paksha in this discussion.

There is presence of raag and therefore there is soul. One says that the siddh soul has no raag. For that person we can say that we are not talking about the siddh soul. We are talking about the transmigratory soul with the raag. So the transmigratory soul’s raag becomes paksha. My paksh is transmigratory soul. By saying presence of raag I am not talking about siddh soul. My paksha is transmigratory soul. jahaan dharm paayaa jaataa hai use dharmi kahate hai. Wherever attributes"    dharma    are perceived is known as dharmi    "that which supports. Dharmi is known as paksha. e.g raag waalaa atma. Here the dharmi is atma and raag is dharma. One is talking about the fire on the hill and ignorant soul now starts talking about the fire in the kitchen. One is talking about the soul with bonded karma and ignorant soul ends up talking about the soul with no karma bondage at all. The nischyayaabhaasi is born in this situation. The fallacy of absolute point occurs in this situation. One must know which soul is been discussed and concentration has to be there. If the discussion is for the

bonded soul then one has to understand that perspective and not to confuse with mixing up the discussion of the pure eternal soul.

Its that in which the presence of probandum is not known for certain and is yet to be proved; e.g. the mountain is probandum when smoke is probans. Paksh means aashray, refuge."

Paksha Side;  Aspect; Side of an argument; Thesis
Pakshaabhaas fallacious arguments.
Pakshaabhaasa Fallacy in argument
Pakshaatikraant to experience the true nature of the soul.
Pakshantikranta Beyond any argument state; Beyond any aspect
Pakshi Fortnightly; Penitential retreat
Pakshika sraavaka Gross votary
Pakshpaat partiality, favoritism, adopting a side or argument, sympathizing.
Paksikrta Subject: Minor term; Fort-night
Paksiya sadhya-sadhana-sambandha: Relationship of the probandum and the probane of the subject
Pakva Cooked
Pal period of 24 second, moment.
Pala Weight unit, 4 karsas, moment.
Palya A measure of pit-based time
Palyanka Posture of sitting on hams
Palyopama (1) A measure of simile time; (2) Pit-measured time; (3) It is a measure of time by the Jaina standards
Pamana-siddha: Proved by definite organ of knowledge
Pan પણ, but; nevertheless; besides, moreover; also. In Hindi it is “भी Bhi”
Pana Drinks;  A food type
Panca-kalyana: The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara; -mahotsava (the celebration of these events)
Panca-mahavrata: see also mahavrata
Panca-namaskara-mantra: see also namaskara-mantra
Panca-rupya: Five characteristics
Panch bhaava five types of emotions.
Panch labdhi five achievements.
Panch mahaa bhut the five elements according to Hindu cosmology, viz. earth, water, light, air and space. aakaash, pruthvi, jal, tej, vaayu.
Panch paraavartan mundane soul wanders in five kind of cycle of wandering.
Panch parmesthi five supreme souls. see panch parmesthi slides for their attributes. it is in jainism slides in documents section on kirit’s computer.
Pancha aachara Five-fold conduct
Pancha astikaya Five extended  substances
Pancha indriya Five-sensed; Five senses
Pancha kalyaanaka Five auspicious events
Pancha-amrita Solution of five sacreds; Charanaamrita
Pancha-bhaava Five types of emotions
Pancha-kalyaana The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara
Pancha-paraavartana Panch paravartan i.e. mundane soul wanders in five kind of cycle of wandering.
Pancha-parameshthi (1) Five supreme benevolent personalities namely Arihanta, Siddha,  Achaarya,  Upaadhyaaya and Sadhu;
 (2) Five supreme souls; (3) Five worship-able supreme sacred souls, Arihantas,  Ashareeri (Siddha),  Achärya, Upädhyäya, Muni (Sadhu)
Panchaachaar five activities of monk darshan, gnaan, charitra, tap and virya.
Panchaastikaay written by Aachaarya kundkund describing the 6 substances and 9 elements. Has 173 stanzas. Amrutchandra Aachaarya wrote tikaa and it is samay vyaakhyaa and Jaysen Aachaarya wrote tikaa named Tatpary Vrutti. Pande Hemraj ji wrote Hindi tikaa of Samay Vyaakhyaa and is known as Baalaav Bodh Bhaashaa Tikaa.
Panchaastikaaya Five of the six entities of the Universe e.g. Jiva Pudgala. Dharma Adharma and Akash and without six entity Time.
Panchaastikaayasaara The Sacred book authored by Ächarya Shree Kundkunda
Panchakalyanaka-pratistha Consecration of images through five-fold auspicious events
Panchakalyanaka-pratisthaa- mahotsava The ceremony depicting the five events of conception, birth, renunciation, enlightenement and nirvana is called Panchakalyanaka-pratistha-mahotsava. The great
 celebration of installation through the five auspicious events.
Panchendriya Souls with five senses or five sensed life form, namely
 touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing.
Panchendriya-naamakarma Physique-making karma of five sense organs.
Panchendriya: Five-sensed.
Panchvidhataa Five varieties
Pandit हितािहत विवेिकनी बुिद्ध पंडा कहलाती है ये बुिद्ध जिसमे है वह पंंडित कहलाता है
Pandit-apandit/sraavaka Religious listener; Votary
Panduroga Jaundice
Pani patra Hand-bowl
Pani-patra: Hand-bowl
Panimikta gati Curved motion; Transmigratory motion
Panipaatra Hand-bowled monk; Hand bowl
Pank mud.
Panka-bahula-khanda Mud-predominating portion (of hell)
Pankaja Lily flower
Pankti line, row; row of persons sitting down for meal.
Pannato Spoken  or taught
Panu it shows the characteristics after a given word. see gnaayakpanu.
Panyaasa A special status of idolater svetambara monks;  A rank of preceptor
Papa: Unwholesome karmas
Papopadesh Evil instruction
Papopadesha: Preaching of sin to others.
Par alien being, non self.
Par bhaava alien condition, alien quality
Par bhaava Alien condition; Alien quality
Par Bramh eternal true nature of soul.
Par dravya alien substance
Par dravya Alien substance
Par gneya alien recognizable objects
Par kshetra alien space point.
Par lakshi objective,
Par nimitta alien instrumental cause
Par or Para Non-self;  Anything not Soul or of soul is para
Par parinati alien modification.
Par prakaashak revelation of alien substances.
Par rup similar to alien objects, having the form of alien object,
Par samay false believer, the impure one, absorbed in the non self.
Par stri gaman unchaste person.
Par vyavashaayak with knowledge one knows the alien objects like pot, cloth etc. This is par vyavashaayak knowledge. conviction regarding alien objects.
Par-nimitta Alien instrumental cause
Par-samaya False believer; The impure one; Absorbed in the non self
Para (Samgraha naya): Ultimate
Para prashansa: praising others
Para samaya Heretic canons; Alien canons; Non-Jain canons.
Para-chatushtaya Other's quarter union; Group of four aliens
Para-dravya Alien substance or object , location, time and mode
Para-dravya: The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects
Para-kaya-sastra Alien-body weapon
Para-prasansaa Praising others
Para-pratipatti: Understanding of others
Para-upadesa Teaching others
Para-vyapdesa Delegation to others
Paraa drasti This the goal of the achiever. He is free from all the likes and dislikes. He is fully stabilized and is surpasses all codes of conduct. He has achieved omniscience. He is in the transcendental supreme stage of complete bliss and freedom. This is the stage of samaadhi.
Paraabhav defeat.
Paraadhinta dependency, orthodoxy, constraint,
Paraangmukh not to have attention towards out side things.
Paraapar guru the enlightened monks who follow the Omniscient Lord’s preachings.
Paraarth pramaan estimating other with valid knowledge. Paraarth pramaan is vachan roop. Shrut pramaan is swaarth as well as pararath pramaan, verbal verification with authenticity and impartiality, vachanaatmak pramaan paraarth pramaan kahevaay chhe.
Paraarthaanumaan inference through the help of articulated propositions for convincing other in a debate.
Paraashrit based on alien substances, alien dependancy.
Paraashrita Based on alien substances
Paraavalamban dependence on others.
Paraavartan cycle of change, independence, Since time infinite the mundane soul keeps on wandering in cycle of transmigration due to wrong faith is known as paraavartan, parivartan, paribhraman, and transmigration. One which shows the transmigration is known as transmigratory souls. Cycle of change is also known as transmigration.

Cycle of change is of five types:

1: Cycle of matter Dravya Parivartan "related to matter particles’ acceptance and renunciation.

A: quasi karma cycle of matter"    no karma B: Karma cycle of matter    "karma

2: Cycle of space"    Kshetra Parivartan    "To touch the space points of the space related cycle.

3: Cycle of time"    Kaal Parivartan    "cycle related to having birth and death related to the time cycle.

4: Cycle of incarnation"    Bhav Parivartan    "to accept birth and to die related to infernal etc realms

5: Cycle of thoughts"    Bhaav Parivartan.    "Having changes occurring due to passions and yog related births and deaths

(Ref: Kartikey Anuprexa gaathaa 66). Dravya Paraavartan:"    "Cycle of Matter:

Living being keeps on accepting karma particles like knowledge obscuring karma etc in a given samay. Thereafter he keeps on discarding those particles time to time. Similarly he also keeps on accepting quasi karma particles in a given samay and then keeps on discarding throughout the life. Now in the counting of the paraavartan, in first samay, living being accepts such material particles with their own intensity of greasiness , dryness, color, smell, taste, intense, medium or mild intentions. When this living being ends up accepting same intensity of these particles in exact same proportions and with same intensity as before then it is counted as one cycle of matter"    "dravya paraavaran. This living being has made infinite such cycles in the past.

Nokarma Dravya Paraavartan: Quasi karma Cycle of Matter:

One includes gross body with electric and karma bodies, and also fluid body with electric and karma body"    "these types of three bodies.

Also one has to include six capacity to development. They are: food particles (ahar vargana), speech particles (bhasha

vargana), mind particles (mano vargana), senses particles (indriya vargana), body particles (sharir vargana), and respiratory particles (swashochchhwas  vargana). They are able to give the soul the power to make a proper body and senses in their fullest form of development.

Living being accepts the material particles for these three bodies and six types of capacity to development in a given moment and again the same numbers and types of material particles with their same characteristics of touch taste smell and color are accepted in future then he has completed one quasi karma cycle of matter.

Karma Dravya Paraavartan"    "Karmic particles cycle of matter:

A living being accepts eight types of karma with their own characteristics. When the same living being accepts the same number of karma particles with the same characteristics of touch taste smell color etc then there is one karma dravya paraavartan.

Time for the Nokarma and Karma Dravya Paraavaran is same. Kshetra Paraavaran"    "Cycle of Space:

The relations with the living being’s deluded state and the space points of the space is mentioned in this cycle of space. The center eight space points of the cosmic space and center eight space points of the body of the subtle one sensed incompletely developed minimal body and with lowest possible birth"    sukshma nigod mein aparyaapt sarva jaghanya sharir vaalaa aur shudra bhav ko praapt hua    "are taken in to consideration. Such living being takes birth here and thereafter in sequence he takes birth in adjacent space point. When the living being finished touching all the space points of the cosmic space then the first kshetra paraavartan is done. The living being made infinite such cycle of space in the past.

Kaal Paraavaran"    "cycle of time:

A time cycle is of two types: ascending and descending. Both are of ten krodaa krodi saagaaropam years. So total time cycle is of 20 KKSP years. When the living being takes birth in the first samay of the time cycle and in sequence finishes taking birth in total 20 KKSP years, and similarly he dies in each samay in sequence in all of the 20 KKSP years then one kaal paraavartan is done.

Bhav Paraavartan: Cycle of Incarnation:

The minimum age for infernal and celestial beings is 10,000 years and maximum is 33 saagaaropam year. Minimum age of humans and subhumans is intra indian hour"    antarmuhurt to the maximum of three palya ( palya is very long period of time with the example of the ditch of one yojan long, width and deep and fill with hairs pieces of the newly born sheep and take one piece out every 100 years. Time taken is one palya). When the living being takes birth in each realm in sequence with each samay and the time taken for completion of these periods is known as one bhav paraavartan    "cycle of incarnation.

Bhaav Paraavartan:"    "cycle of thoughts:

Karma bondage is of four types: 1. Prakruti bandh"    types of karma bondage e.g. knowledge obscuring karma etc. different types, 2. Pradesh bandh    amount of karma particles bondage. 3. Anubhaag bandh    "at the time of karma bondage the intensity of fruition is

decided and that is anubhaag bandh 4. Sthiti bandh"    at the time of karma bondage the duration is decided and that is sthiti bandh. The prakruti and pradesh bandh are related to the vibratory activity of the space points of the soul    yog    "and sthiti and anubhaag are decided by passions of the soul. Therefore yog and passions of the soul become the instrumental cause for karma bondage. Therefore yog and passions determine the four types of karma bondage. These inclinations of the soul are infinite in numbers. When soul take birth with each of these inclinations in sequential order then one cycle of thought is completed. One must remember that the order of the yog and passions have to be in sequential order starting from minimal to maximum.

Karma get bonded in four forms: 1: Prakruti"    types ( e.g. knowledge obscuring etc. eight types), 2: Pradesh    amount of karma particles getting bonded, 3: Duration    how long karma will stay with the soul, (minimum time to maximum time    e.g. knowledge obscuring karma minimum time is intra indian hour and maximum is 30 krodaa krodi sagaropam) 4: Intensity at the time of fruition    "anubhaag.

With each of the four karma bondage types there are corresponding thought process"    "adhyavasaan occurring in the soul.

Soul’s vibratory activity of the space points occurring corresponding to the “types and amount” of karma bondage is known as yog sthaan.

Soul’s thought process corresponding to the duration of the karma bondage is known as Sthiti bandh adhyavashaan sthaan.

Soul’s thought process corresponding to the intensity of karma bondage is known as anubhaag bandh adhyavasaan sthaan.

For each yog sthaan there is corresponding sthiti and also anubhaag sthaan has to occur in sequence. That means there has to have permutation and combination of the three forms in the soul’s sphere has to occur. One must remember that these permutation combination has to be in sequence only. For example with first yog sthaan, there has to have corresponding first sthiti and anubhaag sthaan and thereafter sequence continues in order only. In between time when out of sequence the thought process occurs at the time of birth of this fully developed sential five sense wrong faith living being (sangni panchendriya paryaapt jiv) is not counted.

All these changes in sequence are to be observed in the sential five being livings only

When one finishes these corresponding yog sthaan, sthti bandh sthaan and anubhaag bandh adhyavasaan sthaan in sequence in fully developed sential five sense wrong believer living being

(sangni panchendriya paryaapt jiv) then one bhaav paraavartan is completed.

In these five cycles, the cycle of thoughts is the absolute conception"    nischaya    and remaining four are conventional conception    "vyavahaar.

These five cycles of changes are only occurring to wrong faith living being. With right faith there is no cycle of changes seen.

There are so many living beings presently living as permanent status in the lowest form of life"    nitya nigodh    but they have capacity for these five cycles. They have not entered all those cycles but have capacity. So with conventional usage    upchaar    "they are been said to be in five cycles.

There are also some living beings who have yet not accepted all the matter particles of the universe. But because of having inclination of attachment and aversion, they have capacity to accept those particles and that is why it is been said that they have accepted particles infinite times.

A living being keeps on wandering in these five cycles due to his own doing. With his own inclinations he keeps on wandering.

(Ref: Sarvaarth siddhi adhyaay 2, sutra 10. Moksh shastra adhyaay 2 sutra 10, samyag gnaan chandrikaa 16th chapter"    bhaavya maarg praarupnaa, Gommatsaar jiv kaand gatha 560, Parmaatma Prakaash adhyaay 1 doshaa 77,Brahad dravya sangrah gaathaa 35, Kartikeya anuprekshaa gaathaa 70)

Paraavartana Change of state; Wandering; Repetition; Reflection; Cycle of change
Paragami Transcending
Paragati Supreme destinity; Highest goal
Paraghaat to injure or kill some one.
Paraghata Accident
Paraghata: Destructive; Possessing a limb or organ fatal to others, as a lion's claws, etc.
Paralinga Alien mark
Paraloka Alien world; Other world
Param supreme, best or greatest; previous to yesterday or subsequent to tomorrow.
Param aagam highest scriptures. supreme bliss.
Param advait path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss
Param audaarik sharir supremely pure gross body, body of the omniscient lord devoid of any lowest forms of lives within, nigodh jiv rahit kevali nu sharir
Param bhaava lakshan quality of supreme nature. Param dharma supreme righteousness.
Param brahma supreme soul Param aanand
Param dharma dhyaan path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Param ekatva path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss.
Param gnaan supreme knowledge, omniscient knowledge, Param guru excellent teacher, omniscient lord, supreme teacher, Param jyoti unsurpassed splendor. supreme splendor,
Param nij swarup path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Param nyaaya conclusion
Param paarinaamic bhaav inherent nature, Natural activity of soul, For every substance has its own eternal state which is without any alien attachment and that is its paarimaamic bhaav, Pratyek padaarth ke nirupaadhik tathaa trikaalik swabhaav ko uskaa paarinaamic bhaav kahaa jaataa hai, transformation of a substance which is automatically called forth by a mere existence of this substance, natural self transformation undergone by a substance
Param pad highest position; final beatitude. Param purush god.
Param samrasi bhaav embodiment of total passionless state. Param rushi, lord arihant, supreme authority,
Param shaanti unrivaled peace
Param shuddha nischaya naya a view point believing in Supreme pure soul, The partial point of view which makes the object of faith and vision drasti no vishay of the soul which is devoid of color etc, inclination of attachment etc and divisions of attributes and involves only the eternal, undivided, indivisible, oneness, nature of the all knower virtue only. परम शुद्ध निश्चय नय , रंग        "राग और भेद से रिहत त्रिकाली अखंड अभेद एक ज्ञायक भाव अथार्त शुद्ध पािरणािमक भाव रूप, दृिष्ट  के विषय को अपना विषय बनाता है

The partial point of view which makes the object of knowledge to the pure

inherent nature of the soul in its universal nature"        saamaanya ansh se        "is known as param shuddh nishchaya naya. This itself is the pure eternal true nature of the self. It is the object of the knowledge mode which is directed to the self, is veneration for venerable and contemplation for worth contemplating.

शुद्ध पािरणािमक भाव रूप सामान्य अंश की मुख्यता से आत्मा को जानने वाले ज्ञान को परम शुद्ध

निश्चय  नय कहते है. यही शुद्धात्मा, स्व सन्मुख ज्ञान का ज्ञेय, श्रद्धा का श्रध्येय तथा ध्यान का ध्येय है

Some times the “view point believing Supreme pure soul” param shuddh nishchay naya is also mentioned as shuddh nischaya naya"

Param tattva ultimate reality; Supreme Being, Brahma, supreme reality,
Param tatva gnaan knowledge of the supreme reality, ultimate state of bliss, param advaita
Parama Supreme
Parama aagama highest scriptures
Parama brahma supreme soul
Parama paarinaamika bhaava Pure inherent nature of the soul
Parama suddha nischaya naya A view point believing Supreme pure soul
Paramaanand ecstasy, ultimate bliss, path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss,
Paramaanu The smallest ultimate particle of the matter from which other atoms that we know are made
Paramaanu,  dravya/bhaava Substantive/model atom.
Paramaarth highest end of man, emancipation; ultimate reality; benevolence, ultimate view, point transcendental, highest truth, release from rebirth, transcendental reality, vaastavik, real, true; proper
paramaarth baahya saint who does not have quality of differentiating self from other. Paramaarth buddhi spirit of benevolence; altruism.
Paramaarth pratyaksha direct non sensory perception, direct intuition,
Paramaarth sat ultimate constituents, transcendental realm of truth, very true reality, ultimately real,
Paramaarth satya ultimate truth, transcendental realm of truth, param satya, Paramaarth tattva suddhopyog, supreme element    
Paramaartha (1) Highest reality; (2) For the benefit of the top i.e. soul
Paramaartha pratyaksa Direct non-sensory perception
Paramaarthe From the point of view of Moksha
Paramaarthi benevolent; altruistic.
Paramaataman or Paramaatmaa The highest liberated soul; Supreme soul; Inner soul
Paramaatma sakal Soul of Arihantaa
Paramaavadhi supreme clairvoyance,
Paramaavagaadh ruchi darshanaarya a type of aarya, noble person,
Paramaavagaadh samyak darshan right perception with deep predilection, omniscient lord’s annihilating serene vision. kevali kaa kshaayik samkit
Paramaavasthaa state of salvation,
Paramanu karya/karana Effect/cause, atom
Paramanu: Atom
Paramat sahishnutaa tolerance of other people's opinion; liberality of outlook.
Paramatman: The highest [the liberated] soul
Paramaudarika-sarira Supremely pure-gross body
Paramavadhi Supreme clairvoyance
Parameshthi Supreme benevolent  personalities; Paragon; Supremely chosen
Parameshwari of or about God; divine. f. the great goddess Parvati. suddhopyog, passionless conduct, pure consciousness of serenity, nischay ratnatray, absolute triple gems.
Paramesthin: The supreme divinity
Paramita Perfections
Paramita: Perfection
Paramopexa sanyam utsarg, nischaya naya, sarva parityaag, vitrag chartitra,
Paramotkarsh highest prosperity, rise or glory.
Parampaar bandha Bond in continuity
Parampara Tradition; Convention; Roundabout procedure; Custom sequence; Heretic succession
Paramparaa tradition, custom, sequence,row, line, (unbroken); custom or usage coming down from very old times; tradition, convention,
Paraninda: Speaking ill of others.
Parartha (Anumana): For others (i.e. syllogistic)
Parartha: For others (eye etc.)
Pararthanumana Syllogistic deductive reasoning; Syllogistic; Inference for others
Pararthya: Meant for others
Pararupa Alien nature.
Parasamavatara Alien/non-self-inclusion.
Parasamaya: The tenants of others
Paraspar upgraho jivaanaam Each soul is present as instrumental cause for others. Upgrah means nimit kaaran.
Parasparopagraho jivaanam Souls render service to one another.' From Tattvartha Sutra 1: 4: 1.
Paratantrataa dependancy.
Parattva Priority; Procedure
Parayayarthikanaya Model viewpoint; Modal standpoint
Pari paati lineage
Paribhaashaa To tell the meaning of the scripture in a right way
Paribhaashaa  to tell the meaning of the scripture in a right way.
Paribhaashaana Speaking; Talking; Discourse; Scripture suggesting the real meaning where it belongs.
Paribhaashan speaking, talking, discourse, scripture suggesting the real meaning where it belongs, pari means from all angles and bhaashan means to speak, to speak about a subject from all the angles, to describe subject encompassing all angles.
Paribhoga Repeatably consummble; Upabhoga
Paribhraman see paraavartan.
Paribhramana Wandering about; going round and round; revolving; rotation.
Parichay acquaintance; intimacy; familiar intercourse; practice, habit., introduction.
Parichchheda Knowledge; Education; Religious or good teaching
Parichit sarvagn, pari means from all aspect chit means knowledge. all knower.
Paridevana Lamentation
Paridevana: Piteous or pathetic moaning to attract compassion.
Paridhi Circumference
Parigna Renunciation
Parigrah accumulation, possessions, attachment to belongings. two types internal and external. antarang parigrah 14 types and baahya parigrah ten types. please see those section for further details.
Parigrah bhaav emotional attachment
Parigrah parimaan to fix the limits of acquisitions,
Parigrah sangnaa desire for the accumulation of wealth
Parigrah tyaag renunciation of possessions, 9th pratimaa of 11 pratimaas. Pari means samast prakaare tyaag means renunciation.
Parigrah tyaag bhaavanaa sentiments free from attachments.
Parigrah tyaag mahaa vrat renunciation of all worldly materials.
Parigrah tyaag pratimaa model stage of renunciation of possessions except for useful things like things for worshipping etc. These renunciation is for life long.
Parigrah tyaag vrat renunciation of all worldly materials.
Parigraha (1) Possession; (2) Attachment to belongings; (3) Worldly attachment; (4) Possession
Parigraha parimaana Limiting one’s possession; Possessional limiting
Parigraha tyaga-pratima Model stage of possession renunciation.
Parigraha-tyaga: Preparatory to the monk's life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Parigraha: Possession, Worldly attachment.
Parigrahaanandi raudra dhyaan deep involvement in the lust of wealth
Parigrahanandi  raudradhyana Angeral meditation involving attachment.
Parigrahatyaaga pratimaa The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions.
Parigrahatyaga-pratima: The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions
Parigrahiki kriya Attachmental activity
Parigrahiki kriyaa activity of deep involvement in attachment.
Parigray tyaag anuvrat limitation in ten specific special kind of possessions. These ten things are: agricultural land, houses, cash money and silver, gold and ornaments, cow etc animals, food grains, male servants, female servants, clothes etc, cooking utensils etc.
Parihaar doing away with, removal, (of difficulties or troubles), rejecting the evil, expulsion, expiation, repudiation
Parihara visuddhi Purificatory course
Parihara-vishuddhi: Ideal and passionless conduct.
Parihra Expulsion
Parikarma Mathematics; A division of 12th canon
Parikarma-astaka 8-Fold maths operation set
Pariksa: Examination
Pariksaa Examination; Critique
Pariksepa Circumference
Parikshaa test, examination. Pari means from all angles and iksh means to know, that means to know a thing from all angles.
Parikshaa Mukh Creation of Acharya Manikyanandiji written in later half of 8th century.
Parimaan magnitude, quantitative, measure
Parimaan hin dimension less Parimaapak making to measure,
Parimaana (1) Measured; (2) of proportion
Parimaatru measurer
Parimal fragrance, eviction, coition, pervaded, perfumed,
Parimandal circular, measure of an atom, decorating, ornament,
Parimandaltaa circularity,
Parimandit adorn all around,
Parimard rubbing, grinding, destruction, embrace,
Parimardak rubbing, crushing, grinding,
Parimarsh पिरमशर् friction, contact, reflection
Parimarsh पिरमषर् envy, dislike,
Parimeeta Measured; Limited by measurement; Neither more of less
Parimit measured, according to need, not more than required, finite, limited, restricted,
Parimoksa Release from suffering
Parinaam mode, condition, thought activity, change of modification, physical condition, end; fruit, result; consequence; transformation, change; maturity, Changeability, disintegration of previous mode and originate of the present mode is known as transformation, parinaam.
Parinaam lakshan kriyaa modification is the intrinsic property of that mode,
Parinaama Mode; Condition; Thought activity;  Change of modification; Physical condition; Change of state; Volition; Modification; Transition or Transformation; Result
Parinaama sakti Volitional /model energy.
Parinaamaatmak sansaar The altered activity of inclination of attachment and aversion and also realms of existence like human etc is known as parinaamaatvak sansaar, transforming mundane existence
Parinaamana Transformation, fructification, Modification, Change
Parinaamavaada Evolution; Doctrine of transformation
Parinaami resulting; consequential, of consequential, of resultant nature, dynamic, parinaam rupe nipajyaa karvu te, soul substance, modifier,
Parinaami lakshan intrinsic property of a substance.
Parinaamika bhaava Inherent volition / Disposition.
Parinaamya parinaam shakti knower and knowable power.
Parinam hetutva Instrumental cause in the modification of a substance.
Parinama: Modification
Parinaman transformation, fructification, in the soul the pure activity or the altered activity of inclination of attachment and aversion and also realms of existence like human etc is known as parinaman.
Parinaman hetutva instrumental cause in the modification of a substance.
Parinamanshil nature of getting transformed.
Parinami Changing.
Parinami karana Changeble cause.
Parinami-nitya: Eternal but constantly changing
Parinami-nityavaada Doctrine of chandebility-cum-constancy.
Parinamic bhaava inherent nature of a substance, Natural activity of soul,
Parinamika: Existence of knowledge
Parinamiki Volitional.
Parinamin: Changing
Parinamita State of innate change
Parinata Transformed
Parinati modification, change occurring from previous mode to present one, transformation
Parinati Modification, bending; Result; End; Maturity
Parinati rup from transformation perspective, from modification perspectives,
Paripaaka Termination or completion; Fully ripened
Paripati Order; Lineage
Paripurna quite full; perfected.
Paripurna (Naigama): Non-distinguished in general
Parisada Assembly
Parisadya Affliction
Parisaha-jaya: Victory over the afflictions
Parisahajaya Victory over afflictions; Subdual/bearing afflicton
Parisesa nyaaya Maxim of remainder
Parishaha afflictions, hardships. monk withstands 22 such afflictions. They are: 1:Kshudhaa parishaha: even with intense hunger not to take food 2Trushaa parishaha: even with intense thirst not to drink 3:Sheet parishaha: cold. suffers with intense cold 4:Ushna parishaha: heat. suffers with intense heat

5:Dans masak parishaha: mosquito etc bug bites dans masak, not to have disturbance by gadflies and mosquito bites

6: Charyaa parishaha: walking with bare feet "charyaa,

7: Nagnataa parishaha: to put up with nakedness with sense of equanimity, 8:Arati parishaha: distaste"        "arati, he withstands with equanimity any of the


9: Stri parishaha: not to look at woman"        "stri, not to get attracted to woman,

10: Nishadya parishaha: seating in certain yoga posture in uncomfortable places like crematory, garden or lonely place"        "nishadhya, no wavering in sitting position in any uncomfortable places,

11: Sayyaa parishaha: sleeping in uncomfortable ground like sand etc, sayyaa. 12: Aakrosh parishaha: wrong faith person does disservice by insulting monk"        "aakrosh, harsh words,

13: Vadha parishaha:"        to have equanimity when some one threatens or beats. 14: Yaachyaa parishaha:        begging        "without exhibiting an attitude of cringing or

arrogance to adopt the career of begging just with a view to enabling oneself to carry out religious tasks,

15: Alaabh parishaha:"        "In spite of begging one does not receive the thing desired then to treat this non receipt as a greater penance than that earlier receipt and thus to remain content with the situation.

16: Rog parishaha:"        "disease. not to get agitated when attacked with any disease.

17: Tran sparsh"        "To withstand the sharpness and harshness of dry grass etc while sleeping.

18: Mal parishaha:not to get disgusted with the dirt accumulating on the body and perspiration etc and not to expect to take shower etc.

19: Satkaar purashkaar parishaha: not to get puffed up with the honor bestowed up on him is satkaar and also not to get honored and not to feel worried is purashkaar. He withstands both the events.

20: Pragnaa parishaha: not to feel arrogant in having miraculous intellect and not to feel dejection not having sharp intellect.

21: Agnaan parishaha: not to feel arrogant at one’s special knowledge of scriptural texts and not to despise oneself when not in possession of such knowledge.

22: Adarshan parishaha: when on account of not being able to see things subtle and supra sensuous to one s if the renunciation practiced by one so far was all futile then to cultivate faith characterized by sense of discrimination and to remain joyful even in a situation like that"        is known as adarshan parishaha.

Parishaha jaya conquest of affliction by endurance
Parishaha jaya Conquest of affliction by endurance; Conquest by endurance over afflictions; The victories over troubles
Parishaha-jaya: Sub-dual of sufferings
Parishaha: Sufferings.
Parishhaha Natural afflictions; Natural  hardships
Parishpandan to keep on vibrating. e.g. alma pradesho nu parishpandan, vibratory activity of the soul’s space points.
Parispanda Motion; Vibration
Parispandana Vibration
Parisrava Afflux of karma
Parita Peripheral
Paritakaya, jiva One-souled body
Paritapiki Mental pain activity
Paritapiki-kriya: Anything which may cause mental pain to oneself or others.
Parityaaga Giving up
Parivandana Praise
Parivarta-pravesa Entering other’s body
Parivartan see paraavartan. end of yuga or age; change; revolution; act of revolving; inversion.
Parivartana End of yuga or age; change; revolution; act of revolving; inversion. Change; Cycle; Transmigration thru secular
circle of dravya space  time bhaava and life
Parivartanaa repetition of gained knowledge
Parivrajaka Paribrajak order of monks; Non-Jain medicants; Wandering mendicants
Parivrajaka: A non-Jaina mendicant
Pariyojaka All round knower of Jain tenets.
Parmaanu Atom
Parmaarnika Transcendental
Parmaarth highest truth, ultimate reality, transcendental reality, param arth means best of all substances means shuddhaatmaa, benevolence,
Parmaarth ras rup soul with transcendental reality.
Parmaarth Shrut Kevali With sacred knowledge shrut gnaan when one knows eternal true nature of self then he is known as knowing masters of scriptures from ultimate reality perspectives parmaarth shrut kevali
Parmaarth tatva supreme element, shuddha upyoga 
Parmaartha (1) Tool and activities for the best goal of the soul i.e. Moksha; (2) The best interest i.e Moksha of the soul; (3)
 (4) Ultimate Truth or reality; (5) Transcendental reality
Parmaartha tatva supreme element; Suddha upyoga
Parmaarthic Absolute point of view
Parmaatma (1) Siddha; (2) Liberated Soul of Arihanta and Siddha; (3) Supreme soul; (4) Arihanta; (5) Transcendental self; (6)
 One who has attained salavation, moksha or nirvana
Parmaatma Nikala Soul of siddha
Parmaatmaa god, supreme god, transcendental self, seat of supreme soul. Parmaatma bhaavanaa path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Parmaatma darshan, path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Parmaatma swarup path to salvation, ultimate state of super sensuous bliss, Paramaatma tatva supreme spiritual element
Parmaatmaa swarup natural state of transcendental self. 
Parmarthika (Pratyaksa): Transcendental
Parmeshthi Top or best beings; Supreme Soul
Parmesthi supreme soul
Paroksa (1) Sensory congnition/Indirect congnition; (2) Indirect organ of knowledge; (3) Opposite of Pratyaksha
Paroksa gyaana Sensory congnition; Indirect knowledge.
Paroksa: Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, Non-perceptual, inference, etc.
Paroparodhakarana: Residence in a place where one is not likely to be prohibited by others nor where one should be likely to prohibit others.
Parox Indirect, Avishad pratibhaas is known as parox. Impure manifestation of a thing is known as parox: over here the word Parox is lakshya aim and avisad praatibhaas        impure manifestation is the lakshan        distinguishing feature.
Parox gnaan vaadi knowledge is known by some thing else.
Parox gyaan sensory cognition, indirect knowledge, impure knowledge, avishad gnaan. The knowledge which occurs with the help of alien things like physical senses etc is known as indirect knowledge. There are five divisions of this paroksha gnaan. Memory, smaran, recognition  pratyabhignaan, logic tark, inference anumaan and scripture aagam.
Parox Praman indirect knowledge, knowledge of soul from upatt and anupatt that means knowledge of sou gathered from senses, mind, light,  discourses etc. for example, scriptural proof (agam praman), and omniscient’s preaching (sarvagna ni vani) are parox praman. There are five divisions of this paroksha gnaan. Memory, smaran, recognition  pratyabhignaan, logic tark, inference anumaan and scripture aagam.
Paroxa (1) Sensory congnition/Indirect congnition; (2) Indirect organ of knowledge; (3) Opposite of Pratyaksha
Paroxa pramaana indirect knowledge; Knowledge of soul from upatt and anupatt that means knowledge of soul gathered from senses, mind, light, discourses etc. for example, scriptural proof (agam praman), and omniscient’s preaching (sarvagna ni vaani) are parox pramaan.
Parribhoga Parimana vrata; Vow of limiting consumables and non- consumables
Parsad gunaudbhavana: proclaiming the good qualities of others.
Parshvanaatha 23rd Teerthankara of Jainism
Partantrataa dependency,
Parthivi-dharana: Visualization of certain scenes by means of the earth element
Parva Jain holy days; Festival; Celebartion
Parvan: Jaina holy days
Paryaapt jiv This type of knowledge is without any obstruction from Shrut Gnaanaavarniyaa karma.
Paryaapta Developed; Completioned; Complete
Paryaaptak One who has been completed through all the resultant powers is called fully developed (Paryaaptak).
Paryaapti Kind of capacity to develop, development, completion, the gaining by the soul of the capability to develop fully the characteristics of the body in which it incarnates. Here the food particles (ahar vargana), speech particles (bhasha vargana), mind particles (mano vargana), senses particles (indriya vargana), body particles (sharir vargana), and respiratory particles (swashochchhwas vargana) are able to give the soul the power to make a proper body and senses in their fullest form of development. They are six in numbers:

1. Food power (Aahaar paryaapti) "the soul has the capacity to act as an instrumental cause in collecting food particles in the form of large quantities around the soul and also to liquefy them.

2. Body power (Sharir paryaapti)"    "The food particles, which were collected in quantities, are now transformed into bones, etc, body parts. The liquefied portion is converted as blood and fluid parts of the body.

3. Senses power (Indriya paryaapti)"    "the food particles collected are now transformed into specific senses.

4. Respiratory power (Swaashochchhwaas paryaapti)"    "The soul becomes an instrumental cause in converting food particles into the respiratory organs and functions.

5. Speech power (Bhaashaa paryaapti)"    "The soul becomes an instrumental cause in the food particles becoming converted to speech particles.

6. Mind power (Manah paryaapti)"    "the soul becomes an instrumental cause in the transformation of material particles into specific mind particles. These particles sit as eight petals at the heart. One now has a mind as well as the capacity to think.

One who has been completed through all the resultant powers is called fully developed (Paryaaptak).

Soul, who initiated the powers to develop, but has not yet completed the development is called the possessor of the power to accomplish complete development (Nirvutya paryaaptak).

One who has not completed even one power and who will be dead in 1/18 part of the respiration is determined incapable of development (Labdhya paryaaptak)

One who cannot accomplish any of the powers and who dies before any development is called undeveloped power."    "aparyaapti

All these powers last for intra"    indian hour (Antar muhurt) and each power also lasts an intra    indian hour. First to second to third, etc, powers last for an increasing time of an intra    "indian hour. For example, the first has a smaller time than the second, etc.

All the powers start exactly at the same time; however, the completion of each occurs consecutively.

One sense living beings have 4 and two to five sense beings have 5 and five sense living being with mind has 6 paryaapti."

Paryaapti Development; Biopotential; Completion; Developable
 ness, Completely developed; Complete development of organs; Gaining by the soul of the capacity to develop fully the characteristics of the body into which it incarnates.
Paryaapti kaal time period, antarmuhurt required for the completion of 6 paryaapti.
Paryaapti naam karma a type of physique making karma causing complete development of body, name karma for completion, That which causes complete development of the organs and capacities is the name karma of completion. It is six kinds taking molecules to form the body, development of the body, development of the sense organs, development of respiratory organs, development of the vocal organ and development of brain.
Paryaapti naam karma A type of physique making karma causing complete development of body.
Paryaapti nirvrutti labdhi development finished, attained, Paryaapti purn apurna, development complete incomplete.
Paryaava Category
Paryaay modification, modes, present condition, पयार्य = पिर समन्तात् भेदमेित गच्छतीित पयार्यः ,सवर् तरफ थी भेद ने प्राप्त होय ते  पयार्य, one which has obtained variations  from  all  angles  is  known  as  paryaay
Paryaay bhut avasthaa swarup, nature of its own modifications.
Paryaay buddhi modes as object of vision. modal vision, view point of wrong believer.
Paryaay drasti modes as object of vision. modal vision, view point of wrong believer.
Paryaay gnaan out of 20, a type of scriptural knowledge. This is seen in subtle form of lowest living being. It is present in labdh paryaaptak living beings. This is without scriptural knowledge obstructive karma. Paryaay Gnaan. This knowledge is present in the extremely fine lowest form of living beings sukshmaa nigodiyaa Labdh There is no destruction and therefore Omniscient knowledge Keval Gnaan is called Akshar. Ksharan means destruction. Akshar means non destruction. The infinitesimal part anantmo bhaag of it is known as paryaay matignaan. This knowledge is also without any obstruction and is indestructible. niraavaran and avinaashi
Paryaay gnaan niraavaran knowledge related to modes and is without any obstacle.
paryaay mudh infatuated in modes, infatuated in modal perspectives.
Paryaay naya a view point pertaining to know the soul in subtle form
Paryaay pane modal nature.
Paryaay samaas a part of scriptural knowledge pertaining to word knowledge,
Paryaay vaachi synonymous.
Paryaay vaan matter with particular form or mode, substance with vyanjan paryaay.
Paryaay vyanjan explicit gross mode,
Paryaaya (1) Change of state every samaya, where dhruva part stays permanent, last change dies and new change takes birth; (2) Modification; ( 3) Variety; (4) Form; (5) Modes
Paryaaya artha Intrinsic mode
Paryaaya drasti View point of wrong believer
Paryaaya krama-bhavi Successive mode
Paryaaya sahabhavi Coexisting mode
Paryaaya sthavira 20-yeared monk
Paryaaya vyanjana Manifest mode; Explicit mode
Paryaayaansh origination and cessation of modes of a substance.
Paryaayaarthic chakshu a type of perception related to nature of matters,
Paryaayaarthik naya relative aspect, modification point of view, The partial point of view knowing from modal aspect, relative aspect. There are six divisions of Paryaayaarthik naya:

१: अनािद िनत्य पयार्यािथर् क नय "Anaadi Nitya Paryaayaarthik Naya

२: सािद नित्य पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Saadi Nitya Paryaayaarthik Naya

३: सत्ता निरपेक्ष अिनत्य शुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Satta Nirpex Anitya Shuddh  Paryaayaarthik  Naya

४: सत्ता सापेक्ष अिनत्य अशुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Satta Saapex Anitya Ashuddh

Paryaayaarthik Naya

५: कमोर्पािध निरपेक्ष अिनत्य शुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Karmopaadhi Nirpex Anitya  Shuddh  Paryaayaarthik  Naya

६: कमोर्पािध सापेक्ष अिनत्य अशुद्ध पयार्यािथर् क नय"    "Karmopaadhi Saapex Anitya

Ashuddh Paryaayaarthik Naya

Ref: Naya Rahashya By Abhaykumar page 267"

Paryaayadrasti Model standpoint
Paryaayarthika naya Relative aspect; Modification point of view; The point of view of modes
Paryaayatva nature of modes. ( pravachansar stanza 80)
Paryaayavaachaka Synonyms
Paryalochanaa Contemplation
Paryankasana Posture of sitting on hams
Paryapta: rational five-sensed, fully developable soul.
Paryapti: Developable; capable of developing the body.
Paryaya bhaava Modification; Mode
Paryaya: Mode, Mode; a synonym for bhava, Modification, Modifications
Paryaya: Synonym
Paryayarthikabhasa: False point of view of mode
Paryayastikanaya: Point of view of the mode
Paryudasa pratisedha Indirect negation
Paryupasanaa Service; Devotion
Paryusana-parva: A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season
Paryushan pari means from all direction ushan means to burn, to burn all eight karma, or to stay closure i.e. meditation, swadhyay etc. Upshaman means to suppress our toxic emotions.
Paryushan-parva A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season (usually August or September).
Paryushana Spiritual Awareness
Paryushana parva (1) 8-10 days Jain holy festival (Aug-Sep); (2) Celebration of spritiual awareness
Paryusita State food; Partially fermented food.
Pasati A measure unit
Pasavaccijja: Those who follow the discipline of Parsva
Paschaattap repentance, remorse; penitence; regret.
Pashyanti with self experience, anubhavshil.
Pasuka Foot print
Pat curtain,
Patala Lower region of universe
Pathya Beneficial
Patit fallen, sinful
Patit Paavan purifier of the wicked or sinners; God
Patra: Bowl
Patrataa Eligibility; Worthiness
Paudgalika: Material
Pauruseya Man-made; Human-efforted.
Paurusheya relating or derived from or made by man, human, human action, work of man, human nature or origin, manliness, manly strength, heroism,
Paushadh vrata monkhood exposure vow
Paushadha (1) A religious practice in which the lay follower spends a night like a monk. He keeps away from his wife and normal family life. (2) See Vratas
Paushadha vrata Monkhood exposure vow
Pavazzaami I seek
Pavitra pure, clean; holy, sacred.
Pavitra Pure; Faultless
Paxaatikraant soul does not have feeling of attachment and aversion and to experience the true nature of the soul is paxaatikraant and that is the path to salvation.आत्मा में कमर् नहीं है राग नहीं है या इस सम्बन्ध में कोई विकल्प नहीं करना ऐसे विकल्प भी निवर् कल्प अनुभूित में बाधक है. अतः चैतन्य रस का वेदन ही पक्षाितक्रांत दशा है और यही मोक्ष मागर् है
Paxpaat partiality, partisanship,
Petaabheda Subdivision
Phaddaga: A chapter of monks
Phala Fruit; Effect; Resultant
Phala bandhana Bondage of effect
Phalodaha Fruitional opetation
Pichhi Fly whisk or broom of the softest peacock feathers; Whisk broom
Pinchhi whisk of the softest peacock feathers.
Pinchi: A peacock-feather whiskbroom
Pind lump, ball; ball of cooked rice given as offering to the deceased or manes; body.
Pindaprakrti (1) The aggregate of the many sub-types of karma; (2) 14 sub-type of physique-making karma, Classifiable types.
Pindashtha Embodiment-based
Pindastha dhyaan Procedural meditation on soul with different concepts. One meditates by taking help from physical body is known as pindasth dhyaan. Meditating in the nature of the innate eternal soul substance is pindasth dhyaan. When one contemplates his true nature with the omniscient lord then it is pindasth dhyaan. With this pindasth meditation, one tries to concentrates on the nature of the self. For example, one contemplates on the nature of the self with that of Omniscient Lord; In the body to witness the shape of the universe etc. They are five types: Paarthiv, Aagneyi, Maaruti, Vaaruni, Tatva Rupvati, types of five dhaarnaa concepts        "are there:

1: Paarthiv Dhaaranaa: to imagine the ocean of milk of the middle world, and then there is a giant lotus of jambu dwip and in the center there is mount

mere and there is a throne on top of it and there the soul is sitting. This soul with no inclinations of attachment and aversion"        "raag dwesh

rahit aatmaa. This is paarthiv dhaaranaa of pindasth dhyaan.

2: Aagneyi Dhaaranaa: In this concept one meditates on the umbilicus and thinks about the 16 petals of lotus. He contemplates on sixteen vowels like: अआइईउऊऋलृएऐओऔअंअः And from the center of the seed he meditates on word “arham” “अह”. Then “ઈ”"        "“e” he imagines that a flame comes out and this flame burns the inverted eight petals of lotus in the center of the chest. These eight petals represents eight karma. He imagines that the flame burns these eight karma.Then it burns the body and rest of the lotus and thereafter it become quiet now. This is Aagneyi Dhaaranaa.

3: Maaruti (Vaayavi) Dhaaranaa: Now he thinks about the major stormy cyclone

which has made the ocean greatly disturbed. The storm which had burnt the lotus and the body takes away the ashes. Now this storm becomes quiet. With this episode the aspirant soul now meditates on mystic syllable of “So"        "yam” “સોઙયમ”

4: Vaaruni Dhaaranaa: In this concept the aspirant sul meditates up on the cloud with nectar type of rain. He thinks about this type of sky full of rainbow as well as thunder. With the rain now it washes away the ashes collected as a result of burning of body and lotus. He also contemplates on some mystic syllables.

5: Tatva Rupvati Dhaaranaa: Here aspirant soul meditates on the nature of the pure soul devoid of any matter attached to it. He now meditates on the pure nature of the soul with all its grandeur.

In short, there is waking up of all the strength of the soul and as a result the out side negative forces come under control. Now the aspirant soul is progressing towards the shukla dhyaan"        "supreme and absolute meditation.

Ref: Paatanjal Yog evam Jain Yog Kaa Tulnaatmak Adhyayan fifth adhyaay Aadhyaatmik Vikaas Kram page 227" 230, Gnaanarnav slok 1877 1909 on chapter of Pindasth Dhyaan, Tatvaanushaasan slok 183 187.), Meditation on certain object

Pipaasa Thirst; Desire; Trisna
Pipal tree kind of tree sacred to Hindus, ficus religiosa.
Pipasa parisaha Thirstal affliction
Pishtpeshan to repeat same thing again and again.
Pita-lesya Yellow aura
Pita-lesya: Yellow karmic stain
Pita: Yellow.
Pithikaa preface, introductory part.
Pithikaa Preface; Introductory part
Pitr-loka: World of the Manes
Pitruloka World of manes
Pooja Worship
Poorvaapara Forward and backward
Poorvabaddha Previously bonded karma
Porisi Food-renunciating for first three hours of day
Posadhopavaasa Fasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of the each lunar fortnight; The third sikshavrata and fourth pratima
Posadhopavasa: The third siksavrata and fourth pratima; fasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of each lunar fortnight
Posaha-sala Fasting hall
Posaha-sala: Fasting hall
Poshadha A day chosen by a householder to spend or live a day like a muni or monk
Poshana nutrition, nourishment; maintenance.
Pota Umblical birth without covering; Un-umbllical birth
Potaapanu sense of belonging to oneself; self identification; individuality; self consciousness; egotism, apanaapan
Potaja Born without membrane/placenta; Born in base state
Pra Return; Redoing
Praaan vitality, bio energy, life essentials, life principles, exhaled air, breaths, from absolute point of view the consciousness present in the soul is its vitality, from conventional point of view there are ten vitalities like five senses, mind, speech, body, breathing and age. indriya, man vachan kaayaa, swaashoswaas, aayu., praan is the one through the living beings maintains its life. One sense living has four vitalities touch sense, body, breathing and age, two senses have six including two senses as well as speech, three and four sense living beings have seven and eight vitalities, subhumans of five senses without rationality asgni panchendriya tiryanch have nine and five sense living has all ten vitalities.
Praabhrut gift, present, offering, the scriptures which have been established by Tirthankar bhagwan, jo prakrust arthat tirthankar ke dwaaraa abhrut arthaat prasthaapit kiyaa gayaa hai voh, a type of scriptural knowledge, 15th part of twenty part scriptural knowledge,
Praadoshik kaal The time in which there is element of beginning of night present is known as praadoshik kaal. The time of the later part of the day present near this praadoshik kaal is also known as praadoshik. so it includes time 48 minutes after 12 noon till 48 minutes prior to sunset as well as 48 minutes after sunset to 48 minutes prior to midnight. (see kaalaachaar for further details)
Praadoshiki kriyaa enraging activity, faulty conduct of mind speech and body.
Praadurbhaav appearance; manifestation; coming into existence; outbreak (of epidemic etc.).
Praag abhaav prior non existence.
Praakaraniya one who is performing an act. kaarya karnaaro.
Praamaaniktaa integrity, honesty.
Praamaanya truth, reality, determination to know the object as it is. Two types: when one is acquainted then knows without help from other objects, and when he does not know then need to take help from other objects., authenticity, authority,
Praan vitality. Pramaaniktaa, validity,
Praan asanyam violence of living beings,
Praan ghaat killing of living beings,
Praan ghaatiki hinsaa a type of violence, killing,
Praana Bio-energy, vital airs, Vitality, Vitality or life principles are ten five senses, energy, respirations, life duration, the organ of speech and mind. The one sensed living has
 four, two sensed have five, three sensed have six, four sensed have eight, five sensed with no mind have nine and sentient five sensed living beings have ten vitalities, Life; Soul; Breadth
Praana sanyama Vitality control
Praanaayam control of pran or vital breath.
Praanaayama (1) Yogic respiratory control; (2) Breathcontrol or Breath exercises
Praanabadha Killing
Praanapana Nasal and anusal airs; Respiration
Praanat the 24th heaven, a type of heavenly angel.
Praanavada A name for ancient medical science of vitality
Praanayu A name for ancient medical science of vitality
Praani-sanyama Desistance from injury to other living beings
Praanidhaana Reflective meditation (sense and quasi-sense)
Praanita-rasa bhojana varjana Refraining from delicious food.
Praapak causing to arrive at, leading or bringing to, procuring, establishing, making valid, procurer,
Praapt obtained, acquired; attained; reached, arrived; present.
Praaptaay one has already achieved the desired thing. Praaptaye wanting to achieve the desired thing.
Praaptavya obtainable, attainable, available, eligible to be obtained, eligible to be acquired, existing, see praapya.
Praapti gain, profit; acquisition; income, procurement
Praapti kram steps of procurement
Praapya dhruv, constancy, existing, obtainable, attainable, available, eligible to be obtained, eligible to be acquired,
Praapya karma easily attainment of object,
Praapya ni praapti procurement from obtainable.
Praarabdha Past karmas
Praarambha To initiate; To start
Praathmika Of the beginning or start
Praatibh gnaan intuitive knowledge
Praatihaarya eight things heavenly angles keep in front of Tirthankar Bhagwan  for His glory. They are sinhaashan, chamar, chatra, dev dundubhi, pusp vrusti, diwya dhwani, bhaa mandal, Ashok vruksh,
Praayaschitta Expiation; Repentance;  Atonement;  Penitence
Praayashchit atonement, expiation, praay means prakrust, best, supreme, chitt means to aim at the true knowledge and to know it. The supreme thing which is the eternal knowledge that one aims at it and then knows it is known as praayaschit
Praayaychitt expiation,repentance,atonement,
Praayogik things happening in the soul due to instrumental cause, causal, contrived, produced by the effort of human beings, activity of the inclination of attachment, raag ki kriyaa.
Praayogya Labdhi Competency of thought activity. Further, when the previously bonded duration of karmas (excepting age karma) gets reduced to the level of an Antar Koda Kodi Sagaras (within crores into crores Sagaras, i .e., innumerable years) and the duration of fresh bondage of the level of an Antar Koda    Kodi Sagaras would have got reduced to its numerable division, that too, right from the start of the time of that Labdhi shall continue getting reduced gradually and the fresh bondage of many of the demeritorious Prakritis (inauspicious karmas) shall be going on ending gradually    thus attaining of such a worthy state of thoughts & dispositions is Prayogya Labdhi (competence attainment).(Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter    samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti)
Praayojak experimental,
Praayojak ruddhi experimental attainment,
Praayopagaman death by no service, penitential death
Prabhaa light, luster; pomp; majesty; splendor.
Prabhaa Luster
Prabhaa drasti In this stage there is process of speedy evolution of achiever’s personality. There is inner feeling of complete calm. correct inner position, intense liking for concentration, conquest of sex, detachment in action, calm, steady inner flow of psychic enery and bliss. This is also known as dhyaan.
Prabhaangana Hurricane
Prabhaav strength; prowess; luster, pomp, majesty; influence; effect.
Prabhaava Efficacy; Effect
Prabhaavana (1) Glorification after religious festival; (2) Promotion; (3) Distribute amongst co-religious associates some material gift; (4) Distribution of presents after religious occasion;
 (5) Illumination; (6) Propagation of the path of Liberation
Prabhaavanaa  Glorification of religion, Promoting religion. propagation of teaching of jina, publishing the greatness of Jaina doctrines.
Prabhaavit influenced; impressed
Prabhaavita Influenced; Impressed
Prabhaavshaali powerful; lustrous; effective,
Prabhavana: Illumination, Propagation of the path of Liberation.
Prabhrata Gift; Treatise
Prabhruta Gift; Present; Offering
Prabhu powerful complete and strong. one which possesses infinite greatness and is with indivisible power, completely independent substance in which there is no trace of helplessness is known as prabhu.
Prabhu Master; Capable; Lord
Prabhutaa ownership; lordship; greatness; divinity, omnipresent.
Prabhutva ownership, mastery; control, supreme sovereignty
Prabhutva shakti power of the soul due to which it is independent in nature. does not depend on any other substance for its eternal existence. soul is having its own infinite attributes, spreader through innumerable space points and having infinite pure modes. soul is full of infinite greatness, and is having indivisible strength and is completely independently strong. This is known as prabhutva shakti.
Prabodha Maturation
Prabuddha Highly intelligent
Pracchana Questioning
Prachala-prachala: Heavy drowsiness.
Prachala: Drowsiness.
Prachalaa Drowsiness; Trance
Prachalaa prachalaa Drowsiness; Deep drowsiness
Prachaya Common difference; Collection.
Prachur intense.
Prachur bhaav kalank intense stigmatized inclinations.
Prachyuti to disintegrate, vyay.
Pradaayak giver, offerer
Pradaksina Salutary circling; Circumambulation
Pradesa bandha Karmic space-pointal bond
Pradesa: Space-point; amount of karma
Pradesagra Fore-front of space points
Pradesh country, territory, land; province, region, (of country); place; its area, space points, the quantity of matter, units, particles, indivisible and inseparable parts of a substance is pradesh, portion of the aakaash, space substance obstructed by one individual atom is known as pradesh.
Pradesh bandh quantity of karma bondage, amount of karma particles getting bonded.
Pradesh parishpandan vibratory activity of the soul’s space points.
Pradesha (1) Spatial unit or an unit of space unit; (2) Quantity; (3)
 A smallest space point
pradesha-bandha: The particular number of the molecules actually absorbed.
Pradesha: Quantity
Pradeshatva extension in to space
Pradeshatva (1) Shape formation attribute; (2) Shape retentivity
Pradeshatva gun extension in to space attribute, Dravya paryaay.
Pradeshatva: Capacity of having some kind of location in space, Spatiality
Pradesodaya Manifestation of karmic space points, Non-fruitional operation.
Pradhaan The originator, primordial matter, the original source of material world (sankhya)
Pradhaana The best amongst the category
Pradhaanataa mainly, chiefly
Pradhanya Prominence
Pradhvansa abhaava subsequent non existence, post non existence
Pradhvansa abhaava Destructional non-existence
Pradhvansa bhaava Subsequent non existence; Post nonexistence
Pradosh when some one is giving spiritual discourses, that time another person is spiteful and malignant in his attitude towards it. It is spite.
Pradosha Illusive or maliceful mentality;  When someone is giving an exposition of true knowledge, which is the means to
 the attainment of liberation, another person is spiteful and malignant in his attitude towards it; This is spite evil
 intention; Spite
Pradoshiki-kriya: Tendency to accuse others in anger
Pradyota To shine as light or lamp
Prafullit full blown, expanded; full of joy, delighted.
Pragabhaava Antecedent non existence; Prior non existence
Pragat manifested,open; present; evident, manifest; published. adv. openly; publicly.
Pragat Manifested
Pragataavu appear, manifest; be born; take fire; be lighted (of lamp, fire). v. t. light; ignite.
Pragna parisaha Intellect affliction
Pragnaa great wisdom, intellect, wisdom, reasoning, extra ordinary learning, intuition.
Pragnaa Wisdom; Intellect; Talent
Pragnaa chhini sharp chisel of knowledge.
Pragnana Perception
Pragnapana Injunction; Presentation
Prahara A period of three hours
Praivartula Big circle
Prajna: Wisdom
Prakaara Variety
Prakaash Shakti illuminating power, self illuminating,
Prakaashak enlightening; illuminating; publishing. m. publisher.
Prakaashan publishing; published work, publication.
Prakaashavu shine, glow; look nice; become known; come to light. v. t. bring to light; publish.
Prakaashit illuminated,become visible, brought to light, clear, manifest, apparent, evident, displayed, unfolded , discover, illuminated, enlightened, published, promulgated.
Prakaashmaan shining
Prakalp skim, project, arrangements, best behavior,
Prakaran chapter, an act, kaarya.
Prakarana Preface; Short treatise: Discourse; Chapter: Case
Prakarana-sama Counterveiled
Prakaranasama (Hetvabhasa): Inconclusive
Prakasa sakti Self-illuminating power
Prakashit Illuminated
Prakatavu appear, manifest; be born; take fire; be lighted (of lamp, fire). v. t. light; ignite.
Prakhyaat well known, famous; celebrated
Prakirnaka Miscelleny
Prakirnaka: Miscellaneous; a group of Jaina canonical texts; scatterd stars
Prakriti Nature; Species; Type of karma/Configuration
Prakriti: kind
Prakriyaa way or mode of doing; process; doing, deed; chapter, section; [gram.] method of coining or forming words.
Prakrti sankramana Transition of karmic species
Prakrti-bandhana/bandha Karmic species bondage; Type bondage/configurational bondage.
Prakrti: Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; types of karma
Prakrusht great, best, main, principle thing.ultimate, supreme, excellent, specific, particularity, special, peculiar, particular, distinctive,
Prakrusht rup best form
Prakruti primal nature (sankhya)
Prakruti Nature or Swabhaava
Prakruti bandh types of material karma bondage e.g. knowledge obscuring etc.
Prakruti bhut swabhaavbhut
Praksalana Washing and cleaning
Praksepana Projection
Prakshepan to add
Prakshin absolutely destroyed
Praksipta Interpolation
Pralay kaal time of destruction
Pralaya Deluge; Destruction; Disappearance; Dissolution.
Pralaya: Demanifestation
Pralin intensely engrossed.
Pralobhan strong inducement
Prama Determination
Pramaa valid knowledge
Pramaad negligence
Pramaad charyaa careless dealings
Pramaada (1) Recklessness; (2) Inadvertence; (3) Carelessness in
 experiencing the soul; (4) Indolence; (5) Negligence  (6)
 Remissness, (7) Non-vigilance; (9) Idleness; (10)
 Carelessness: (11) Laziness
Pramaada chaarya Careless dealings
Pramaan valid source of knowledge
Pramaan Mimaanshaa epistemology
Pramaan saptabhangi measure pertaining to seven combinations
Pramaan swarth/paraarth valid knowledge own gauge/other gauge (criterion
Pramaana (1) Comprehensive view; (2) A full and general
 apprehension of reality; (3) Valid Knowledge;
 (4) Validity; (5) Organ of knowledge; (6) Instrument of valid cognition: (7) Comprehensive knowledge (*) Right knowledge
Pramaanaabhaas with wrong knowledge one can not make determination of a nature of a substance is known as pramaanaabhaas Fallacy of comprehensive knowledge:
स्वापूवार्थ्र् व्यवशायात्मकम् ज्ञानं प्रमाणं
अपना और अपूवार्थ्र् का निश्चयात्मक ज्ञान प्रमाण कहलाता है श्री मािणक्यनिन्द स्वामी िवचिरत परीक्षा मुख शास्त्र Chapter  1
Pramaanaantar another means of proof.
Pramaaniktaa authenticity
Pramaanya Validity
Pramaataa knower
Pramaatri one who has a correct notion or idea
Pramaatta (1) Excited; (2) Subject of knowledge; (3) Learned one in subject matter; (4) Negligent; (5) Careless; (6) Insolent;
 (7) intoxicated; (8) Knower
Pramada-charitra: Thoughtless or inconsiderate conduct, such as plucking flowers or breaking branches of trees, without any purpose.
Pramada: Negligence; carelessness; apathy
Praman definition According to Pariksha Mukh Shastra:

स्वापूवार्थ्र् व्यवशायात्मकम् ज्ञानं प्रमाणं
अपना और अपूवार्थ्र् का निश्चयात्मक ज्ञान प्रमाण कहलाता है

श्री मािणक्यनिन्द स्वामी िवचिरत परीक्षा मुख शास्त्र
Chapter 1

Praman saptabhangi Measure pertaining to seven combinations
Pramana (angulgavyuti, yojana) Units of length,  measures and weights.
Pramana-prasiddhatva: Definitelly proved
Pramana-vikalpa-prasiddatva: Optionally proved
Pramana-vikalpa-siddha Proved as well as optionally proved
Pramana: Dimensions, Organ of knowledge
Pramanabhasa Pseudo-organ of knowledge
Pramanaikadesatva: Cognising a part of the organ of knowledge
Pramanangula A length measure
Pramanatva: (No definition given)
Pramanavakya: Statement of the organ of knowledge
Pramanikta Authenticity; Honesty
Pramanya: Validity
Pramata Pramaad; Laziness
Pramatr The knower
Pramatr: The knower
Pramatt The passion karma and quasi passions karma that destroy the soul’s ‘passionless perfect conduct’ (Yathakhyat charitra) are called the perfect conduct preventing passions and quasi passions karma. One with the fruition of these karma is known as being in pramatt state. negligent
Pramatta virata Non-vigilanlty restrained
Pramatta-sanyata Restrained with remissness
Pramatta-virata: Total restraint without overcoming pramada; the sixth gunasthana
Pramattayoga Negligent activity:  Non-vigilant activity
Pramatva Organ of knowledge
Pramatva: Organ of knowledge
Prameya object to be known completely
Prameya Object of knowledge; Object to be known completely; Theorem; Self (swagyeya) is the object of knowledge; Subject
Prameya: Subject
Prameyatva Knowability; Knowableness; Subject matter of knowledge; Capacity of being known by someone
Prameyatva shakti due to this power
Prameyatva: Capacity of being known by someone, or of being the subject-matter of knowledge, Knowability.
Prameykamalmaartand the creation of this book is from Prabhaachandraachaarya (from 10th to 11th century). He did critics of the book of Maanikyanandi’s Parikshaa mukh.
Pramiti Results of authentic knowledge
Pramiti Authentic knowledge
Pramitikaran pramaan
Pramod bhaavnaa to be delighted witnessing some one’s virtue
Pramoda Joy; Pleasure; Delight; Gladness
Pramoda: Delight at the sight of beings,better qualified or more advanced than ourselves on the path of liberation.
Pranaam to bow down
Pranaama Offer reverence with folded hands on chest.
Pranapana paryaapti Respiratory completion
Pranapratistha Enlivening ceremony;  Deification of image
Pranati-patiki kriya Vitality deprivation activity
Pranatipiki-kriya: Depriving another of vitalities of age, sense-organs, power or respiration.
Pranav the mystic syllable Om Prapanchit to describe in detail.
Pranayama: Yogic control of respiration
Pranidhaana The stability or quieting down of the kriya or activities of
 the mind, speech body
Pranit composed
Pranita Informed; Spoken
Prapti-riddhi Acquisitional prosigy
Prapyakari Contactile; The senses which are applicable for the subject of knowledge e.g. hearing for music
Prapyakarita: Working in close contact
Prapyakaritva: Contactory nature
Prarambha-kriya: trying to persevere in one's attachment to worldly belongings.
Prarupa Type; Proforma
Prarupanaa Enunciation; Presentation
Prarupela Given the rup or presented
Praryakhyana varana karma Renunciation-obscuring karma
Prasaad satisfaction, deity and taken by devotees after worship or sacrifice; perspicuity
Prasaada Blessed food; Food distributed after worship process is over
Prasaadi present given by deity or guru by way of blessing; grace; thrashing; food and other things offered to deity or guru.
Prasajya pratisedha Direct negation
Prasama Spiritual calmness
Prasama: Ease
Prasanga-viparyaya: Perverted cause
Prasangaja Incidental
Prasann glad
Prasannataa being delighted
Prasannatta Serenity; Being delighted
Prasasti Formal expression of praise; Laudations
Prasham restraining the mind from passions and other evil tendencies
Prashama Restraining the mind from passions and other evil
Prashaman assuaging
Prashasta auspicious
Prashasta bhaav pooja intense psychic worship.
Prashasta dhyan commendable meditation like dharma and shukla dhyan
Prashasta raag raag for vitragta. Aprashasta raag mean raag for raag
Prashasta raaga Raag for vitraagta.  Aprashasta raag mean raag for raag
Prashasti praise
Prashhasta Facing the self or soul; Beautiful
Prashhastatar More Beautiful; Better
Prashsy प्रशस्य worthy of praise
Prasiddh famous
Prasiddha: Proved
Prasidhdhi accomplished
Prasidhdhi Accomplished; Success; Attainment; Famousity
Prasna: Question
Prasnadesa: Astrologer (who answers questions)
Prasnika: Who asks question
Prastara Stratum or layer in society
Prastha A measure: 4 kudavas
Prasuka Sterilised; Warmed
Prasupta Dormant
Pratap power
Pratara Layer
Pratara-gata-samudghata A real expansion;  A real emanation/extrication.
Prathamaanuyog expositions related to mythology.
Prathamanuyoga Biographical exposition.
Prati Opposite or towards
Prati dhwani echo
Prati naaraayan nine great personalities who are the enemy of naaraayaan They are: Ashwagriv
Prati-narayana: A Jaina literary type; the villian
Prati-sanlinata Seclusion
Prati-sevana Transgression
Pratibaddh bound; hindered
Pratibandh hindrance
Pratibandha (1) Re-tying of karma; (2) Restricted; (3) The realtion
 with attraction, love desire etc.; (4) To stop
Pratibandha: Hindrance
Pratibhaa shine up on
Pratibhaa Personality Genius, Intuition, talent, brilliancy
Pratibhaas manifest one’s self
Pratibhaasa Reflection like Mirror image (2) Apprehension (3) Shining.
Pratibhaasana appearing
Pratibhaasit seen as reflection
Pratibimb reflected image
Pratibimba (1) Image; (2) Image of Jina or Arhat
Pratibodh awakening; knowledge
Pratibuddh knowledgeable
Pratichcheda Corresponding section
Pratichchhanda echo
Pratichchhanda Echo
Pratighaat pratichchhand
Pratighata Counterblow
Pratignaa promise
Pratignaa Provable proposition; Thesis statement of major
 and minor term; Oath; Promise;  Acknowledge;  Admit; Confirm;  Assert
Pratigraha Acceptance
Pratihaarya Auspicious emblems;  Attendant splendours; 8 auspicious emblems of lord arihant
Pratiharya: Miraculous phenomenon
Pratijivi Opposite attributes; Non-affirmative
Pratijivi gun in some attributes there is either purity or impurity is known as Pratijivi gun. in attributes where there is audaayik or kshayik bhaav then it is known as pratijivi gun. They do not have kshayopshamic bhaav. The ‘non affirmative attributes’ in a substance are known as pratijivi gun. e.g. non existence naastitva
Pratijna: Thesis
Pratijnahani Abandonment of proposition
Pratijnantara Counter-thesis; Counter proposition
Pratika Symbol; Symbolism; Sandrasti.
Pratikraman ritualized repentance Five types:

1: Devsi to perform at the end of the day

3: Paakhi To perform at the end of fortnight to repent sins performed during 14 days.

4: Chaumasi to perform at the end of four months

5: Samvatsari to perform once a year to repent sins performed during that given year.

Pratikramana (1) Going back to the original virtues (of soul), which are: compassion, peace, even-temperament, forgiveness, etc.;
 (2) Turn black; (3) Ritualized repentance;  (4) Repentance introspection; (5) Penitential retreat; (6) Expiatory recitals; (7) A confession for lapses, omissions and commissions to oneself. This is to be done daily,
 fortnightly, and yearly.
Pratikramana: Ritualized confession
Pratikriya Reaction
Pratikruti likeness; copy.
Pratiksepa Rebut; Reject
Pratilabha Offering alms or charity
Pratilekhana Whisk broom; whisk-brooming
Pratilomakrama Inverse order; Reverse order
Pratima: Stages of renunciation for a layman
Pratimaa house holder’s restraint conduct stages. They are eleven in numbers. House holders spiritual progress stages. They are eleven in numbers: 1: Faith stage of renunciation "Darshan pratimaa: He possesses perfect intelligence and has faith in Jainism principles. He has eight primary virtues of
the householders"
Pratimaa (1) Idol or image of lord; (2) Stage of renunciation for a layman; (3) Model stage i.e. 11 (Eleven) stages of renunciation of a householder. They are 1. darshan pratima possessing perfect intelligence and well reasoned faith in Jainism, that is having sound knowledge of doctrines and their applications in life. 2. Vrat Pratima keeping up the twleve vows and extra vow of
 voluntary death sallekhana. 3. Samayik Pratima
Pratimana Standard small measures
Pratimas: The Eleven stages of the Householder's Life.
Pratiniyat fixed
Pratipaad to set foot up on
Pratipaadak expounding; proving, represent
Pratipaadak Represent; Expound; Illuminator
Pratipaadak vaakya With some expectation the sentence is been said e.g. soul is with knowledge
Pratipaadan affirming
Pratipaadan Affirming, representing, expounding, proving, illuminating
Pratipaadya that has to be expounded
Pratipaadya pratipaadak sambandh established establishing relationship
Pratipaadya vishay The presence of a thing for which the sentence is spoken
Pratipaat disintegrate
Pratipaksa Rival party; Rival view; Opponent
Pratipaksha opposite party; enemy
Pratipakshi member of opposite party; defendant
Pratipanna come up
Pratipata Fall; Counter-fall
Pratipatin (Avadhi): Extinguishing
Pratipatti gaining
Pratipatti Definitive knowledge
Pratiprasava Final elimination
Pratiprcchana Questioning
Pratirupaka vyavaahara Imitation trade;  Adulteration trade
Pratisamaye Every moment; Without interruption; Continuous
Pratisarana Induction
Pratisedha Repudiation
Pratisedha-sadhaka (Hetu): Which proves something negative
Pratisedha: Negation
Pratisedharupa (Hetu): Negative
Pratisedhya Negatum
Pratisevana kusila Transgressory imperfect monks
Pratishedh prohibition
Pratishthapan samiti careful about disposal of excreta
Pratishthapan samiti Careful about disposal of excrete and waste
Pratisrika: Each one of them
Pratistha (1) Installation ceremony for the idol; (2) Consecration festival; (3) Dedication ceremony; (4) Consecratory
 installation; (5) Consecration festival
Pratisthaa installation ceremony for the idol
Pratisthita Enshrined; Consecrated
Pratit acknowledged
Pratita Acknowledged; Recognized; Convinced of any thing; Firmly resolved up on; Ttrusting in; Resolute; Obstructed
Pratita: Obstructed
Pratiti ascertain, conviction
Pratiti (1) Conviction; (2) Confidece; (3) Faith or belief; (4) A state of experience; 5) Ascertain; (6) Complete understanding; (7) Khaatri
Pratitika By experience; Empirical
Pratitya confirmation
Prativaadi opponent.
Prativaadi Rival party; Rival view; Opponent; Adversaries
Prativadin: Opponent
Pratividyaa Retaliatory black magic.
Prativisesa Distinguished; Differrence
Prativyudha Dismiss
Pratiyoga Counter-part; Competitor
Pratiyogi complimentary
Pratyaabhignaana Recognition
Pratyaahaar renunciation
Pratyaahaara Withdrawl of mind; Retreating
Pratyaakhanavaran kashaay complete vow preventing toxic emotions
Pratyaakhyaan resolution or determination for not committing faults
Pratyaakhyaana (1) Renunciation; (2) Repulsion; (3) Discriminative knowledge of the self leading to discarding all alien disposition, resolution or determination for not committing any faults; (4) Determination;  (5) Passion which disturbs complete abstinence
Pratyaakhyaana  kashaaya obscuring passions in observing abstinent vows,
 passions hindering complete self discipline, that which arrests complete abstinence of ascetic, preventing complete self control.
Pratyaakhyaani Renunciative
Pratyaayo Karmic condition;  Karmic Inflow; Causes for karma bondage; Knowledge; Cause; Interrelation causal;
Pratyabhigyaan recognition
Pratyabhijna: Recognition
Pratyakhsa Direct; Opposite of  Paroksha; Knowledge gained through Senses
Pratyakhyan chatuska a quartet related to passions.
Pratyakhyan kashaya obscuring passion in observing abstinent vows.
Pratyakhyana varana kashaaya 3rd grade of pass ional.
Pratyakhyana: Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six avasayakas
Pratyakhyanavarana Intense type of passion which hinders complete abstinence complete conduct Pratyaya Karmic condition
Pratyakhyanavarananiya: Obstructors of complete renunciation
Pratyakhyanavaraniya: Total-vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
Pratyakhyanavarniya karma prakruti Karmic nature obscuring positive resolution.
Pratyakhyanavarniya kashaya passion obscuring or causing destruction of complete right conduct.
Pratyakhyanavarniya kashaya Total vow preventing passions
Pratyaksa Direct perception or knowledge; Perceptual cognition; Perceptible by senses
Pratyaksa viruddha: Contradicted by perceptual cognition
Pratyaksa: Direct perception, Perceptual cognition
Pratyaksabhasa Fallacious direct perception
Pratyaksagamya: Perceived directly
Pratyaksha direct knowledge
Pratyaksha pramaan acquiring direct knowledge with the support of one’s own  soul i.e. atma na asraye. The knowledge which is clear, ocular
Pratyaksha pramaana Acquiring direct knowledge with the support of one’s own soul i.e. atma naa aasraye or with the help of soul.
Pratyaksha pratibhaasmaya directly perceiving the object the same way as it is.
Pratyaksha vaad positivism.
Pratyasatti Relation/cause of bonding and influx
Pratyavamarsh pratyabhi gnaan
Pratyaya knowledge
Pratyaya kaaraka Causal; Factor
Pratyaya sthaan situation causing for the karmic influx or inflow.
Pratyayi-kriya Sense enjoyment activity
Pratyayiki-kriya: Inventing new sense-enjoyments.
Pratyek vanaspati kaay solitary plant souls.
Pratyeka bodhita Self-enlightened
Pratyeka bodhitva Self enlightenment
Pratyeka buddha Self enlightened
Pratyeka jiva Individual plant
Pratyeka prakrati Individualised type; Non-classifiable type.
Pratyeka Sharira-Vargana: Individual body-molecule
Pratyeka sharira: Individual body; A body enjoyable by one soul only.
Pratyeka-naamakarma Physique-making karma of individual / Solitary body.
Pratyeka: Individual; solitary
Pratyksha baadhit refutable
Pratyupkaar requital of obligation
Pratyutpann of present time
Pratyutpanna Instantaneous
Pravaaha Series; Flow
Pravacana-matrka: The eight exercises that prepare a monk for advanced meditational states
Pravachan bhakti The worship of scriptures.
Pravachan vaatshalya love and affection for one’s brethen is similar to the tender love of the cow and her calf.
Pravachana Sermons; Scriptural teaching; Reading Narrating and discussion of religious scriptures
Pravachana bhakti Scriptural devotion
Pravachana mata/matraka 5 carefulnesses 3 guards, Elight exercise for meditation.
Pravachana vaatsalya Affection toward co-religiohnists
Pravachana-bhakti: Devotion to Scriptures.
Pravachanavatsalatva: Tender affection for one's brothers on the path of liberation.
Pravachansaar pra means great vachan means spoken words. saar means essence. Essence of spoken words of the omniscient lords. It is written by Aachaarya Kund kund and has 275 stanzas and its tikaa by Amrutchandra Aachaary and it is known as Tatva Pradipikaa. and Jaysen Aachaarya wrote tikaa and is known as Taatparya vrutti.
Pravartaka One who makes others active in the religon
Pravartan propagation; spread
Pravichaar sexual desire
Pravichaara Sexual enjoyment
Pravihaay to discard
Pravrajaka A monk order; Group leader monk
Pravrajya Ordination; Renunciation; Intiation
Pravrajya: Renunciation
Pravrajyaa complete renunciation of the world and its attachments; the fourth and last stage of life.
Pravratti Activity;  Trend
Pravratti nimitta Real meaning; Cause of activity
Pravrttinimitta: Usage
Pravrutt current
Pravrutti implementation
Pravrutti vishay conative object
Pravrutti vishayak conative
Prayascitta: Repentence of transgressions
Prayashchitta: Expiation–internal austerity.
Prayat attentive
Prayog use
Prayoga Syllogistic formula, Exertion, effort, Experiment.
Prayoga-kriya: bodily movement.
Prayogaja Voluntary
Prayogakriya Experimentation
Prayogika bandha Efforted bonding
Prayogika kriya Human efforted activity
Prayogya-labdhi Experimental prodigy / attainment
Prayogya-labdhi: Reduction of karmic matter in soul attainment of purity due to such a reduction
Prayojak occasioning, one who yokes
Prayojaka-vrddha: A man, who comprehends the word
Prayojan purpose
Prayojan vat having or done with particular object
Prayojana motive
Prayojana Function; Purpose; Motive; Object; Cause;  Aim; Intention
Prayojanbhut kaaranbhut
Prayojanvaan purposefulness
Prayojya a servant
Prayojya-vrddha: Elder person, who is asked to do a thing
Prayojyataa applicability
Prayopagamana Faultless death
Predication Description
Predicator Describer
Preeti Affection
Preksa-dhyana Percept ional meditation
Preraka that inspires
Preraka That inspires; Prompts; Urges; Causal
Preranaa urging; inspiration; encouragement; order
Prerit inspired; promoted; urged; sent.
Preshan to delegate
Presya prayoga Servant-efforted errands
Preyah sampradana Accomplishment of happiness
prit pleased
Prithaktva 2-9 number term; Separation
Prithavi Earth
Prithavi-kaayika Earth-bodied
Prithvi kaayaa Earth bodily
Prithvi panda Mass of earth; Hellish ground
Priti love
Pritikar causing pleasure to honor
Pritikaran honor
Prosadha Forty-eight hours duration fast
Prosadha pratimaa Third educative vow; Fourth model stage;  48- hour fasting
Prosadha saala Fasting hall
Prosadha upavasa Fastin on 8/14th days of each fortnight, 36-48 hour fasting.
Proshadhopavaash vrat Paushadh vrata
Proshadhopavasa: Fortnightly must fast, Taking a vow to fast on 4 days of the month,viz. the two 8th and the two 14th days of every lunar fortnight.
Prthaktva vitarka Pure meditation on scriptures
Prthvi-kayika: Earthbodies
Pruthak separately
Pruthaktva Two to nine;  Any one number from two to nine
Pruthavi Earth
Pruththakkaran analysis; separating the constituent ingredients of a substance.
Pruthu broad; extensive, wide.
Pruthubudhn wide bottom
Psadha-pratima: The fourth sravaka-pratima
Pudgal matter
Pudgal paraavartan matter cyclic change period
Pudgal parmaanu indivisible particles of matter.
Pudgala Matter; Mattergy;  Energy
Pudgala dravya Matter substance
Pudgala Dravya: Matter-Substance
Pudgala paraavartan Matter’s cyclic change period
Pudgala praksepa Throw out physical stuff
Pudgala skandha Aggregate of mattergy; Mattergic aggregate
pudgala-skandha: Aggregate of matter
Pudgala: Matter
Pudgalavadi Buddhist soulists
Pudgalavadin: Follower of Buddhist school which upholds a theory of soul
Pudgalavarta A time unit
Pudgalavipaki Mattergy-Maturing
Pudgalollaas mode of matter.
Puja: Worship
Pujaa honor
Pujaa Worship
Pujaa griha house of worship
Pujaa khand house of worship
Pujaa vidhi paying respect
Pujaari Priest; One who worships on behalf of the puja sponsor
Pujak honoring
Pujanaa reverencing
Pujaniya to be revered
Pujita honored
Pujya honorable
Pujyataa venerableness
Pulaak muni see muni. He does not have affinity for secondary virtues. He also has not perfected the primary vows.
Pulaka Slightly lapsed monk; Shrivelled monk
Pullinga Male gender
Pumveda Sexual cravings for a female; Male libido, Masculine
Punarukti Tautology;  Repeatition
Pundarika The best lotus flower
Pungi fal sopari
Punit pure
Punj heap
Punya Merit; Virtue punya karma;  Auspicious or virtuous
 Karma; Piety; Sacred
Punya bhaav soul’s auspicious manifestation of consciousness
Punya bhaava Soul’s auspicious manifestation of consciousness, Wholesome; Auspicious dispositions
Punya karma Wholesome karma
Punya prakrti Verities of merit/Piety
Punya, dravya/bhava Merit, Physical/psychical
Punya-karma: Wholesome karma
Punya-ksetra: Field of merit
Punya-paapa Merit-cum-demerit
Puraana (1)  Ancient Biography of great men; (2) Legendary stories; (3) Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras.
Puranas: Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras
Purandari wife of indra
Purnaahuti Completion
Purnaanand full of super sensuous bliss
Purnataa completeness
Purusa Male; Soul; A Sankhya category
Purusa-visesa: Special soul, i.e., the God (Isvara) of the Yoga school
Purusa: Person, Soul
Purusaveda Male libido
Purusaveda: Male-sex-consciousness
Purush spirit
Purushaartha perseverance
Purushaartha Conscious personal effort; Focused efforts
Purusottam Tirthankar bhagwan. best among all living beings.
Purva most ancient Jaina writings. There are 14 purvas. They are as follow: 1:Utpaad Purva utpaad vyay dhrovya 2:Agraayani purva sunaya durnaya 3:Viryaanuvaad purva : dravya guna paryaay 4:Asti Naasti pravaad purva sapta bhangi

5:Aatma gnaan pravaad purva 8 division of knowledge 6:Satya pravaad purva 12 languages and 10 parts purva    :    nature    of    soul    and    6    types    of    living    beings.    8:Karma    pravaad    purva    nature    and    types    of    karma    9:Pratyaakhyaan    purva    :    vrat    niyam    tap    pratikarman    etc.    10:Vidyaanuvaad    purva    Possesion    of    all    vidyaa    11:Kalyaanvaad    purva    :    63    salaakaa    purush    and    kalyanak    of    all    tirthankars    12:Praanpravaad    purva    :    astaang    aayurved    and    praanaayam    etc    13:Kriyaavishaal    purva    Nrutya

Purva (1) Early canons/texts; (2) East(Purva); (3) Direction;  (4) pre-canons; (5) Sections of Books  (Subdivision of Volume); (6) A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct in twelth volume of angas; (7) Most ancient Jaina writings
Purva ratanu smarana-tyaga: Renouncing of thinking over, remembrance of past enjoyment of women.
Purva: A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct
Purvaachaara Precedent
Purvaahn first part of the day
Purvaanubhootataa Prior experience objects
Purvacara (Hetu): Predecessor
Purvacaranupalabdhi: Non-availability of the predecessor
Purvadhara Purva scripts proficient monks
Purvak with
Purvakoti Ten million purva time
Purvapaksa Prima facies view
Purvaratanu smarana varganaa Refraining recall of past enjoyment
Purvavat anumaan like the previous one. It proceeds from a perceived cause to an unperceived effect
Pushakarvara Name of a dweep or Island, Only half of it is used for living
Pushpa puja Flower worship; Worshipping idol with flowers fake or real
Pushpaanjali khsepanaa Throw of handful of flowers and yellow rice grains
Pushpadanta Ninth of 24th Teerthankaras
Pushti nourishment; support; encouragement; help
Puspa: Flower