AabhaasaFallacy (Bhrama)
Aabhinibodhika gnaanaSensory knowledge; Matignaana
Aachaar Mimaanshaaethics
Aachaarabehavior, conduct; good conduct; sacred precept; rules of conduct prescribed by the scriptures or some authority; good manners, practice
AachaaryaMinister and Head of mendicants; Head ascetic of the holy order of the Jainas; The head of the order of the saints (Sadhus); Supreme head of all saints or ascetics; A Sadhu who has learnt, mastered, taught religious scriptures, follows them, and is now the head
of a Sangh; Head of a mendicant group, spiritual leader and monk-scholar
Aacharanconduct, behavior; character, practice, action, putting into execution
AacharanaPractice dharmaacharana i.e. religion
AacharvuTo conduct
Aadaan-pradaanaGive and Take
AadaanaProperty; Assimilation (mixing); Accept
Aadaana bhayaFear of property theft
Aadaana nikshepana samiti(1) Actions careful to others; (2) Careful in lifting and laying down; (3) Carefulness in taking and placing
things; (4) Carefulness in putting clothes and other things on (5) Carefulness in laying and receiving
To receive and place any thing whatsoever after a proper inspection and proper cleansing of dust etc – Adaan Nikshepan Samiti
AadandaSinless activity
AadaraAdore; Respect, honor
Aadarniyadeserving respectful treatment, respectable
Aadarvubegin, undertake; receive; respect, honor; welcome; court.
Aadeshorder, command; directive; advice; [gr.] substitution of a letter or word for another; [math.] substitution.
Aadesh vashaatsubject to spoken words
Aadhaarcontainer, supporter, support, prop; refuge; proof; ground, basis; [phys.] fulcrum; [gram.] receptacle, location, sense of the locative case
Aadhaar aadhey sambandhmutual dependent relationship, relationship of container and contained
AadhaarabhutaAuthentic;Authoritative; Reliable
Aadheyacontained, supported
AadhiMental distress (one of Adhi, Vyadhi and Upadhi trio
term Aadhi – mental worry, Vyadhi – suffering from disease and Upadhi – problem of old age)
mental anguish, psychological illness
AadhinaSubjugated; Obedient; Submission; Dominate
AadiWith beginning;Beginingful. first, of the beginning, initial; chief, premier; original; of the earliest time; beginning; primary, original, cause; [math.] first term.
Aadi purushfirst progenitor or ancestor of a clan or family; Vishnu; Brahma, the Creator.
AadimanWith beginning;Beginingful.
Aadinaatha RisabhaThe first tirthankara of the Jaina order, who was not only the first monarch on earth, but was first in all respects, because of which he is called Adinaatha, or Lord of
Genesis. He taught men arts and crafts and gave them the first Canons and the Brahmi script.
AadinnadanaSee Adattadana
Aadityathe sun; any one of the twelve sons of Aditi; the number twelve (12).
Aadodaaicrookedness; obstinacy, waywardness; intransigence
Aadyafirst; primeval; original
Aagam padddhatiwhere there is description of transmigration and also karma bondage. auspicious, inauspicious, inflow bondage and non living description comes then it is known as agam paddhati. In Aagam paddhati there is karma related description comes. ( parmarth vachanika chapter 4 aagam and adhyaatma mein anantata).
The non living material karma and with the association of it there is inclination of infatuation in the soul is known as karma paddhati or aagam paddhati. This is the pathway to transmigration.
According to Niyamsaar ( page 24 in Kaaran Shuddh paryaay book) aagam paddhati means it is the one which deals with the transient nature of the mode. Soul has capacity in its mode to make deluded state. This information is there in aagam paddhati.
AagamaJain Scripture; Jain Canonical literature; Original
Scriptures of Jain Religion; It is testimony of an authority that is pure and perfect; It is aptavachana; Verbal testimony scriptural knowledge, Aagam means nature of the substance- vastu ka swabhav ko agam kahate hai. (parmarth vachanika mokshmarg prakashak page 342). Principles as depicted in the scripture is known as aagam. Aagam paddhati means the tradition coming from time infinite in the past
( parmarth vachanika par gurudev shri ke pravachan page 39), Vastu no
swabhav te aagam, karma paddhati te aagam, paryaay swabhaav is known as aagam. What has come down from tradition.
The written form of the nature of the universal substances as propagated by Omniscient Lord. (Ref: Shrimad Rajchandra Vachanaamrut page 761)
Aagama pramaanaSupported by Lord Tirthankar’s divya-dhwani or Jinvani; Scriptural proof
AagamaabhaasaFalse/Pseudo-scriptures, fallacy due to scriptures: With inclination of attachment and aversion and with infatuation when one is making discourses is known as fallacy of scriptures. e.g. kids, please run to the river bank as there is heaps of sweets. He wants to get rid of kids. This sentence thus is with infatuation. There are hundreds of elephants sitting at the tip of a finger. (Ref: Pariksha mukh chapter 6)
Aagantukcoming all of a sudden or uninvited; adventitious; strange. m. guest; traveller; chance visitor.
Aagiyoglow-worm; kind of white juwar; a disease attacking it; a plant which causes a burning sensation if touched, ammanina vesicatoria; the king of ghosts or evil spirits, Vetal.
Aagnaaorder, command; permission, revelation, discipline
Aagnaa aaraadhanadoration of command
Aagnaa rucheInstructional predilection(predisposition in favor of something)
Aagrahearnest desire, earnestness; importunity, pressure; strong determination; insistence; obstinacy
AahaaraMeal; Food; Intake of food; Nourishment; Intake
Aahaara daanaFood donation
Aahaara hetuPurpose of food
Aahaara mudraaA monk with his thumb and four fingers of right hand for begging food is called food pose.
Aahaara sangnaaFood instinct, animate feelings for food
Aahaara varganaaIntake variform; Food variform; Body making, a kind of karmic molecule causing body formation
Aahaarak mishra kaay yogvibration in the soul’s space points during completion of aahaar sharir
Aahaarak sharir angopaangprimary and secondary parts of aahaarak sharir
Aahaarak sharir bandhbondage of aahaarak varganaa for formation of assimilative body
Aahaarak sharir naam karma prakrtutia type of physique making karmic nature causing formation of translocational body- assimilative body
AahaarakaAssimilating; Capable of taking (gas, light, or liquids) into a solution; Assimilative; Projectable body
Aahaaraka kaayayogaActivity of translocational body
Aahaaraka labdhiExtra-ordinary power of translocation
Aahaaraka samudghaataTranslocational body emanation/extrication
AahaaranaInvocation; A prayer asking God’s help as part of a
religious service; Invitation, desire to invite the holy one.
Aahaarank varganaaa kind of karmic molecule causing body formation
Aahaaryabrought it from out side, artificial,
Aahvaananinvocation, invitation, desire to invite the holy one
Aakaankshaadesire, hope; aspiration; [gr.] expectation, expected presence, of word necessary to complete a sense.
Aakaarform, stature, shape, self and non self substance, their attributes and modes ( pravachansaar gatha 124)
Aakaasha dravyaSpace substance
AakaashgamiWalking in sky
Aakar granthreference book (of information)
Aakhyaantale, story, (esp. mythological); legendary story.
Aakultaaperplexity, mystified, confused, happiness associated with restlessness.
Aalambansupport, prop; shelter.
Aalinganembrace, clasp
Aalochanintuition, intuitional recognition, perceptual cognition,
AalochanaaRepent; Criticize, soul’s experience of separation from the fruition of karma in present state, self criticism, confession, the report of sin committed.
Aalochanaa praayaaschitrepentance for self criticism
Aalochanaa shuddimodification by criticism
Aalochavuto know and not to join in the fruition of karm a. – embrace, clasp
Aalochitone who has confessed his faults
Aalokprakaash, light,
Aamnaaythe Vedas; the Vedas inclusive of the Brahmanas, the Upanishdas and the Aranyakas; religious sect or doctrine; good manners, etiquette; tradition, usage.
Aanayanbringing; sacred-thread ceremony
AankichanyaPossessionlessness; Non-attachment
Aanth drastieight stages of personality growth. Eight stages of evolution
Aanupurvi naam karmamigratory form of body karma
Aanupurvi puvaRegular order
Aapadaacalamity; danger; sorrow; difficulty
Aapt– authentic, related; connected by consanguinity or affinity; reliable, trustworthy; authoritative; obtained, acquired. m. trustworthy, reliable, authoritative,
Aapt kise kahate hai? Who is called the trustworthy soul? Jo pratyaksha gnaan se samast padartho ka gnaataa (sarvagna) hai aur param hitopadeshi hei, vah aapt hai. One who has knowledge of all the objects with his direct knowledge
( experienced knowledge) and one who gives discourses for helping others is known as trustworthy soul – aapt. Arihants are aapt.
One who knows all the universal substances and then lets others know about the nature of these substances in right manners is “aapt”. (ref. Shrimad Rajchandra Vachanaamrut page 761)
Aapt is the one who has obtained complete passionless state and also is all knower and giving discourses to others to further their spirituality is known as aapt. Vitraagi, sarvagn ane hitopadeshi ne aapt kahevaay chhe. He is without 18 faults like hunger thirst etc. ( Ratnakand Shraavakaachaar slok no 5)
AaptaOne who has attained spiritual authority; Authentic; The authentic authoritative source of true scriptures i.e. (Arahanta, Jina Kevlin, Teerthankara).
Aapta mimaanshaaThe creation of the scripture by Swami Samanthbhadra. It describes Tirthankar’s sarvagnataa and also syaadvaad principles are explained
AaraaOne of the six divisions of time in one half of the time cycle. Runs from thousands to billions of years. We are currently in the 5th ara of the descending half of the time cycle, which started some 2500 years ago.
Aaraadhakone who is worshipping, worshiper, aspirant
Aaraadhanadoration, worship; propitiation
Aaraadhanaaworshiping, worship; service, (1) Acts or activities specifically religious of achieving or accomplishing desired religious or spiritual goals; (2) Divine service; (3) Worship to lord; (3) Adoration to lord; (5) Strong admiration; (6) Kriya
Aaraadhyaone who gets worshipped.
AaradhakaWorshiper: Aspirant
Aarambh samaarambhto inflict violence to animal is aarambh and to acquire the material to inflict violence is known as samaarambh
AarambhaCommencement; Activities of cutting act; Sinful activities and Occupation; Commence or Commencement; Commission, beginning, start, preparation; undertaking, to inflict violence to animal, to perform act of violence, wherever is aarambh, there is parigrah. Aarambh and parigrah are ekaarth vaachi.
AarateeWaving lamps; Ennui i.e. The feeling of being bored by something tedious; Worship of idol with waving lamp; The Lamp waving ceremony before idol
AarjavaStraightforwardness unavoidably in the performance of various duties and rituals
Aaropimputation, accusation; charge of guilt
Aaropanattributing the properties of one thing to another; accusation, charge; founding, establishing; planting.
Aaropavuattribute the properties of one thing to another; ascribe; put a false charge on, accuse; string, thread, beads etc.; insert; plant, implant; apply, devote.
Aaropithe accused
Aaropitaupaadhik rupe, altered inclination due to alien belonging
Aarta dhyaanaThe lowest form of meditation as identified by the Jains. Its object is two-fold: a desire to get rid of an undesired thing, and a desire to get back a dear and coveted thing. This characterizes the thinking of all human beings.
Aarthicprayojan, motive
Aartrapain, trouble
Aartra dhyaanpainful meditation, painful concentration, mournful concentration
AaryaNoble people; Civilized people; A human race.
Aarya bhumiplace where noble persons live.
Aarya desaArya land or basically India
Aarya-stayaNoble truth
Aarya-vachanaNobleman’s teaching; Novel teaching
Aaryaarespectable woman, woman of a noble family
Aaryaahaatirthankar, gandhar, acharya, upaadhyaay, muni, pancham gun sthan varti shraavak, samkiti jiv
Aaryikaafemale ascetic
AasaadanaDisregard, denial, disregard for knowledge
Aasaktiattachment, deep love
Aasanaposture, Asana literally means ‘seat’ but in broader
sense they refer to various body postures. Patanjali dwells only on seating postures in Yog Sutra.
Aasana-pana-khadim-swadimFour food items as follows:
Bread, rice that constitute the main meal
All drinks, Fruits, Betel, chewing spices taken after meal, jaggery, honey, etc.
Aashankaadoubt, suspicion; apprehension, the inclination that the thing which is been told is not understood by me.
Aashcharyasurprise, wonder; wonderful incident, miracle, marvelous
Aashcharyakaaraksurprising, wonderful
AashramaLife stage (total four); Hermitage
Aashrava(1) Influx; (2) Accumulation; (3) Passional dispositions; (4) Inflow of karma; (5) See Navatattva; (6) nflux of karmic matter towards a soul to stick with it; (7) Influx of the karmic matter into the soul passionnel disposition (8) Karmic influx ne of the nine tattvas
Aashrava anupreksaaInfluxal reflection
Aashrava bhaavaPassionate dispositions
Aashrava-nirodhaCessation of in-flux
AashravadvaraChannels for in-flux; Influx doors
AashrayaRefuge; Shelter; Support; Basis; Substratum; Repository; Support;
Aasravancoming, arrival
Aasrayshelter, refuge, support, temaa tenaathi thaay chhe ane par thi nathi thaatu Aashray rup- supporter
AasthaaFaith; Trust; Belief, leaning
Aastikyafaith in Omniscient lord, holy scriptures and enlightened true teachers
Aasvaadtasting; enjoying, eating
Aataapinauspiciusness , paap
Aatam-raksaaSelf protection, self restraint from karmic bondage
Aatapwarming light
Aatm aadhinataaself dependency
Aatm aashritto protect the soul by perpetual judgements
Aatm bhaavadispositions of the self, aatma tatva
Aatm bhutintegral, identical, integral virtue, self natured, indigenous quality
Aatm brahmomniscient lord, all knower soul
Aatm dravyasoul substance
Aatm gnaaniself enlightened
Aatm hananself deterioration
Aatm hatyaasuicide
Aatm kalyaanhappiness for soul, prosperity of soul, welfare of soul, well beings of soul
Aatm linataaself absorbedness
Aatm mayanij swarup, own natural self
Aatm nishthconcerned with self subjective, engrossed in the self, experiencing the true nature of the self.
Aatm prabhaavnaainfluence of the pure soul
Aatm pradeshspace points of soul
Aatm prashansaapraising one self, self praise
Aatm pratipattiknowledge of the soul. to know the self.
Aatm pratitiself intimation, path to salvation
Aatm pratyakshself perception by soul, introspection
Aatm pravaada type of scriptural knowledge, 7th purva out of 14 in which there is detail description of the soul substance.
Aatm rakshadeities who are like body guards Aatm rakshaa – self restraint from karmic bondage.
Aatm rakshitself protected, a type of special heavenly deity – lokaantik dev
Aatm samaadhiself absolute meditation
Aatm samutthsomething – bliss or fault originated from soul.
Aatm samvittispiritual intuition, a substitute name for nischay moksh marg.
Aatm sanskaarself improvement
Aatm shamself subdue, self conquerer
Aatm shraddhaanself respect with self devotion
Aatm sukhspiritual happiness or joy.
Aatm swaasthyasteadiness in spiritual health and behavior
Aatm swabhaavreal nature of the soul. self form of soul
Aatm swasthyasteadiness in spiritual health and behavior
Aatm tatvavitaraagi swabhaav roop parinaman, the passionless mode of the eternal true nature of the self is aatma tatva, aatma bhaav., swa samay, soul.
Aatm vadhsuicide
Aatm vashself controlled
Aatm vyavahaarconception of self consciousness
Aatm yagnaa supreme sacrifice act of purifying soul.
Aatma chikitshakself doctor, one who cure one self
Aatma darshanself intuition, introspection
Aatma ghaatsuicide
Aatma gnthose having knowledge of the self soul or having complete spiritual knowledge
Aatma hitaWelfare of the self or soul, welfare of the self, benefiting self
Aatma jaagrutialertness about true nature of soul
Aatma laabhthe substance which has existence. This existence is of two types:
eternal and transient.
Aatma linataaSelf absorbedness
Aatma mukh hetvaabhaasa fallacy in expressing self, swa vachan baadhit e.g. my mother is childless
Aatma prasansaaPraising one self, self praise
Aatma rupaSelf mode; Like; Similar; Identical
Aatma vaadiBeliever in the self
Aatma-gataSubjective, self subjective, Characteristics of the soul
Aatma-nindaaSelf-condemnation; Self–deprecation
AatmaaLiving being; Soul; Self; Spirit
Aatmaa aashritaBased on soul
Aatmaa bhaavaDispositions of the self, aatma tatva
Aatmaa bhutaIntegral; Identical, integral virtue, self natured, indigenous quality
Aatmaa dhyaanaEngrossed in self meditation, self consciousness
Aatmaa gnaanaSelf consciousness, knowledge of the soul
Aatmaa gnaaniSelf enlightened
Aatmaangulaa finger measurement, 108th part of full height of man, Breadth of self finger; 108th part of body height; A length unit
AatmaanubhavaSelf experience, self realization
Aatmaanupaalanto protect the soul by perpetual judgements
Aatmaanushaasanself discipline
AatmaarthaThe interest or benefit of the soul
Aatmaarthiaspirant for soul
AatmabhraantiA wrong sense about self (soul) or not knowing the one’s own self, Regarding the nature of the soul one having delusion, error, mistake, wrong notion, false idea; suspicion, doubt, mirage, swarup nu ayathaarth gnaan ej bhraanti chhe.
Aatmabhuta laksanaInseperable differentia
Aatmakhyaatia treatise written by aachaarya Amritchandra. in this scripture there is commentary of Samaysaar and has been presented in sanskrit. The literal meaning of this word is identification (khyaati) of soul or to highlight of soul
AatmapadaMoksha or salvation
AatmarthiAspirant for soul
AatmasaataAatma grahana; To learn the knowledge by soul, assimilated or absorbed knowledge
Aatmasraya doshhaSelf dependence flaw
AatmasukhaInner happiness, spiritual happiness or joy.
AatmaswarupaNature of Soul, self – form of soul.
AatmavaadaDoctrine of soul, a doctrine of identity regarding pervasion of soul every where
Aatmic sukhspiritual pleasure or bliss
Aatmiy swarupself form of soul
Aatmiyataasense of belonging to oneself; self-identification; individuality; self- consciousness; egotism.
Aatmoplabdhiachievement of spiritual stage of soul
Aatmottpanninternal bliss
Aatyantik kshayannihilation of karma.
Aatyantik Suddhiutter purity of soul Aayat – mode
Aavaagamantransmigration, arrival and departure
AavaaryaAppropriate to cover
AavaasaResidential dwellings
Aavalicountless samays make one aavali, a measure of time, a time unit
Aavali udayfruition of karma in avali
Aavali vrunda set of avalis.
Aavaranlid, cover; obstacle, obstruction, veil, obscuration. shield, covering, shield,protection
Aavartanmoving round and round; repetition, repeating; reading or reciting(some book, etc.) again and again
Aavashyak karansee aayojya karan
AavashyakaEssential Duties; Essentials; Dispassionation devices; Scriptures, householder has six essential duties: worshipping god, serving monks, self study, self restraint, austerity and charity. Jin puja, guru sevaa, swadhyaay, sanyam, tapa and daan.
AavasyakaparihaniRegular performance of dispassion devices/essential duties.
Aavegforce, vigor; agitation; distraction; vehemence; passion; haste, impatience; momentum
Aaveshvigor, force; exuberance of feeling; anger, fury; passion.
AavirbhaavaAppearance, manifestation; birth, incarnation, pragatikaran, avtaar, janma,Avirbhav, emergence, appearance,
AavrataTo cover
Aavruttcovered, bended
Aayaamto spread, to increase
AayambilaAn austerity with single item food; Tasteless food.
Aayatlength. in sequence e.g. modes., extended, large.
Aayat saamaanya samudaaysubstance having eternal infinite modes, trikaali paryaay no samudaay.
Aayat visheshoeternal modes. modes of past present and future
Aayojikaa karansee aayojya karan
Aayojya karanWith extraordinary spirituality one is in auspicious activities, soul is looking interiorly to expend his own auspicious karma.
AayuAge; Longevity; Life-span, duration of life
Aayu-karmaKarma that determines the span of a given lifetime; Longevity-determining karma, life span determining karma, life span determining karma
AayushyaLongetivity; An aghati karma that determines how long you will live
AbaadhakaUnrestrained; Unimpeded,etymology
Abaadhakaala(1) Induction period; (2) Quiescence; (3) The time karma has not come to active state i.e it is dormant; (4) It refers to the duration of time between the bondage of the karma and the fruition of the karma i.e., the potential state of the karmic effect, after karma bondage there is certain time that karma will not come in fruition and that is its abaadhaa kaal. For example if the karma are bonded for one krodakrodi saagar the karma will not come in fruition after bondage for 1000 years, non fruition state in karma after bondage.
Abaadhitunimpeded, unobstructed, innocent, without any obstruction, irrefutable, undeniable.
Abaddh nokarmanon bonded quasi karma
Abadhdha spastanot bonded, not touched.
Abadhita:With no contradiction of the probandum
Abadhitavisayatva:Absence of contradiction of the probandum
AbandhaNon subject to bondage
Abhaav bhaav shaktiDue to this power present in a substance, the mode which is going to come in future does come at a prescribed time. 36th shakti. In the past there was absence of right faith mode and at present time this right faith mode is generated. This is abhaav bhaav.
Abhaav shaktiDue to this power, in each substance, besides the present mode, there is no other mode arising. – 34th shakti. At present there is mode of right faith and there is absence of wrong faith of the past and also omniscient mode of the future in this present time is abhaaav shakti.
AbhaavaNon-existence; Negation; Absence; Non-being, negative aspect, negation. there are four types: praag abhaav- prior non existence, pradhvansh abhaav – future non existence
Abhaavaabhaav shaktibecause of this power present in a given substance, a mode which is not suppose to be present at a given time, does not come. 38th shakti. At the time of present right faith mode there is absence of the wrong faith mode is abhaavaaabhav
Abhakshyanot fit to be eaten; prohibited as an article of food.
AbhaksyaNon-edible, not fit to be eaten; prohibited as an article of food.
Abhaktiwant of confidence or trust, distrust., avishwaas, ashradhdhaa
AbhavyaIncapable for liberation; Non- liberatable; One who is incapable of attaining moksha
Abhavya jivaThe soul or person, who is not capable of liberation; Unable to liberate from the mundane existence
Abhavya:One who is incapable of attaining moksa
AbhayaFreedom from fear
Abhayadaana(1) Assurance of safety; (2) Securital donation; (3) A

promise of gift of Non-intimidation.

Abhayantara tapaInternal austerity
Abhed Bhaavfeeling of identity
Abhed Bhaavanaafeeling of identity
Abhed drastiidentical perception
Abhed maargpath of monism.
Abhed vaadmonism
Abheda(1) Identity;(2) Compactness;(3) Closeness; (4)Identical; (5) Indivisible; (6) Unity

identity,without difference or distinction; identical; similar; undivided, oneness; absence of difference of distinction; similarity, non duality, identical, Abhed in samaysaar is used mainly in the form of modal perspectives. Even though modes and substance are two separate things as per their own characteristics are conceded. Substance is eternal truth and mode is transient truth. But at the time of self experience, there is identical form is seen. There is no difference of mode and substance perceived. This is abhed. It is from modal perspective. Akhand is from attributes perspectives and abhed is from modal perspectives.
without difference or distinction; similar, oneness; absence of difference of distinction; similarity, non duality, indistinct, uniformity.

identity,without difference or distinction; identical; undivided, oneness;

Abhedavrtti:Identifying by transference of epithet
Abhedopacara:Making identical aspect predominant
Abhedyaimpenetrable, that can not be pierced; impervious
AbhidheyaSubject matter; To be expressed, to be spoken, to be mentioned, signification, meaning, subject matter, vivakshaa, kathani kahevaa yogya panu, to be designated, to be expressed, to be named
Abhignaanrecognition; remembrance, recollection; sign or token of recognition
AbhigrahaSecret resolution; Mental resolve; Resolution; Express the insistence
Abhigrahika(1) It is the state of mind, which is dogmatic, and which affirms that a particular view is right and all other are wrong; (2) It is the form of mithyatva or dogmatic assertion
AbhigrahitaDeliberate; It is the mithyatva or perversity of belief,

which is acquired due to the teaching of others.

Abhikshan Gnaan upyogthe attentive consciousness occurring after right faith
Abhikshna-Jnanopayoga:Ceaseless pursuit of right knowledge.
AbhiksnaRepeated; Perpetual
AbhilaashhaaDesire, great longing, strong desire; ambition
Abhilaashidesirous, longing.
Abhimatdesired, desirable; dear, liked, agreeable; approved, acceptable
AbhimukhaTo tend or incline towards something say religion, with face turned towards, facing; disposed or inclined to; going near, approaching, approaching puberty, marriageable disposed to, intended to, ready for, in the direction of, in front of, in presence of,
AbhimukhataaMind towards
Abhimukhibhutabeing in presence of, being favorable to
Abhimukhikaranturning the face towards, addressing
Abhimukhikaranturning the face towards, addressing
Abhimukhikrito turn the face towards, address, to to cause to turn face towards, push forward
Abhinandancongratulation, felicitation, felicitous eulogy; approval.
AbhinandananaathaFourth Teerthankara
Abhinandaniyadeserving congratulation, applause or approval
Abhinandavucongratulate, greet; rejoice at, take delight in
Abhinibodha/matiInferential Knowledge; Sensory Knowledge, mati,smruti sangna and chintaa all four are known as abhinibodh, Abhi means specific- vishesh and nibodh means knowledge, mati gnaan,
perceptual knowledge
AbhinigrahaTaken up; Grasp; Restrain
AbhinivartanaGet rid of
AbhiniversaAttachment; Obstinacy
Abhiniveshabhipraaya, motive, intention, purpose, firm attachment, devotion; being wholly absorbed in, absorption; determination; obstinacy, inner intentions
Abhiniveshikirrational, vivek rahit, nyaay viruddh
Abhinnunbroken, whole; not separate or different, identical; one, one and the same; whole.
AbhipraayaNotion;Opinion; Belief, motive, intention, meaning ,opinion; purpose, intention, intended meaning, sense, motive, Ansh mein anshi kaa aarop karnaa. To put accusation for a main substance by seeing its one part only, Abhipraaya word is used in Dhavalaa granth as follow: One knows the substance fully in the form of pramaan- complete knowledge and then to determine the nature of the substance from one angle is known as abhipraaya or naya. – pramaan se gruhit vastu ke ek desh me vastu ka nischay karnaa hi abhipraaya hai. Pandit Todarmalji in Moksha Maarg Prakaashak uses the word abhipraaya as faith and conviction – shraddhaa and pratiti
Abhipretist, meant, intended; desired, wished; accepted, approved
AbhisambhutaEmbryo stage
AbhisanjataFetus stage
AbhisavaIntoxicating food
Abhiseka:Anointing ceremony
Abhishekanointment, sprinkling or bathing with holy water; bathing, ablution;
coronation, annointation
Abhishheka(1)Annoint; (2) Administer an oil or ointment to often in a religious ceremony of blessing; (3) Anointing ceremony; (4) Anointment i .e. The act of applying oil,

or other oily or similar liquid to Lord’s idol; (5) Anointing ceremony; (6) Bathing

anointment, sprinkling or bathing with holy water; bathing, ablution;
coronation, annointation

Abhisinchanabhishek, annointation.
AbhitaapaDistress; In front of sun or fire
Abhiyogi bhavanaaDesire of performing miracles (by monks).
AbhiyuktaKeeping under control
Abhoktrutvapower of non indulgence
Abhraantinon illusion
AbhudayaWorldly prosperity
Abhutnon existent, not true, not real, false
Abhutaarthunreal, improbable, untrue, wrong
Abhutaarth nayanature of practical point of view, vyavahaar naya, asatyaarth naya, upchaar naya, asuddh naya
AbhutarthaUnreal, improbable, untrue, wrong
Abhutina hovu te, not to be
AbhyaantaropadhiRenounciation of internal
AbhyakhyaanaMalign; Evil or harmful in nature or influence
Abhyantaar pratipattito illuminate the self
Abhyuhana:Process of understanding
AbhyutthanaEmbrace (respectful); Rise
AbrahmaIncontinence; Indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
Abrahma-varjana:Abandonment of all incontinence
AbrahmacharyaUnchastity; Abstinence, going away or deviating from the right course; adultery; lapse from duty;
AbrahmavarganaaAbandonment of incontinence
Abuddhi purvak raagunintentional passions. non perceivable passions, non perceivable toxic emotions
Abudhdhi gocharaCannot be perceived at the intellect level
Acaksurdarsana:Perception by means of the senses other than visual
Acarya:Head of a mendicant group; spiritual leader; monk-scholar
Achaarya Pujyapaad Swamiwas there in 5th century. His scriptural creations are: Sarvarth siddhi,(tatvaarth vrutti), Samaadhi tantra, Istopadesh, Jainendra vyaakaran, Dash bhakti.
Achakshu darshanaNon-ocular perception; Non-visual or non-ocular conation, Perception except for vision
AchaksudarsanavaranaNon-visual conation obscuring
AchaksurdarshanaPerception by means of the senses other than visual
AchalaInvariant; Stable; Everlasting; Immutable; Action less; Immovable; Indisputable; Absolute; Undeniable
Achala matraInvariant Mass
AchalataaBeing immobile
AchalavaliInvariant trail
AchalavaliThe time of incapability of fruition; Fruitional incapability period
AchalekyaClothlessness, one without any clothes, one who is naked
AchamakaBoiled water
AchamlaSour food; Single item food; Light food
Acharnon movable objects
AcharitraDevoid of right conduct
AcharvatvaGood conduct quality
Acharya-Bhakti:Devotion to Acharyas or Heads of the Orders of Saints.
AchauryanuvrataVow of non theft; Vow of non-stealing
Achchhindhaaraanon stop flow
AchelakaMonk without cloth; Non-clothed; A-clothed, one without any clothes, one who is naked
AchestaaWithout activity
AchetaIn-animate; Non-living; Lifeless, without life; unconscious
AchetanaInanimate; Insentient; Non consciousness; non metal; Material; Non metal
Achintya(1) Inconceivable; (2) Incomprehensible; (3) Inconceivable form or action; (4) Beyond thinkin
imagining capacity (5) Unthinkable
AchittaIn-animate; Non-living; Lifeless
AchittakaranaSterlisation; In-animation; De-animation
Achyutnot fallen or moved from its place; firm; imperishable, steady. m. God Vishnu
Adadઅડદ માષ kind of pulse, black beans, phaseolus radiatus
Adama-nirjara:Equanimous submission to the fruition of karma
Adana-niksepana-samiti:Care in the picking up and putting down of any object
AdarshanaLack of Knowledge; Non-conation; Non-faith
Adarshana parisahaNon-faithful afflication
AdattadanaAppropriation of non-given; Accepting not given; See also vratas
Adattadana-virati:Not taking anything which has not been given; identical to asteya-vrata
AdattadanaviratiAbstinence from taking of not given
AdattaharaTaking of food not given
AdavaitaNondual; Monism
Adbhutwonderful; extraordinary. miracle; wonder, wonderful thing
AddhasamayaUltimate time unit, time; It refers to time or the indivisible part of time
Addhi2-1/2 Two and one-half
AdesaEnquiry; Investigation
AdeyaLustrous body; A karma credible speech.
Adeya:Impressive; appearance such as may affect others.
Adhah karanbeginning of process of self meditation through which the soul attains to some degree of purity leading to self realization.
Where the dispositions of prior and posterior moments are uniform, it is called Adhah-Karana (slow progressive thought activity). For example, the dispositions of
some particular Jiva in the first moment of that Karana were having less purity; afterwards, moment after moment, the purity in dispositions went on increasing infinite times progressively. And whatever types of dispositions he may be having in the second-third, etc. moments, similar dispositions can be found
in some other Jiva in the first moment and the purity
indisposition’s of these other Jivas maybe increasing moment after moment infinite times progressively in comparison to the first Jiva. Such is the state of dispositions in Adhah-Pravritti Karana.
There, the duration of Adhah-Karana is one Antar-Muhurta wherein four essentials take place:
(i) moment after moment infinite times by one Antar-Muhurta at every moment, this is Sthiti- Bandhaapasarana (reduction in duration of bondage),
(iii) the fruition of auspicious Prakritis (karmas) goes on increasing by infinite times more at every moment and
(iv) the fruition-bondage of inauspicious Prakritis goes on decreasing by infinite part at every moment; thus the four essentials take place.
AdhahaDownward, Karana (slow progressive thought activity)
AdhahakarmaInjurious actions
AdhakaA measure; 3,729 kg.
AdhakalaIt is the duration of time from the bondage of the karma to the rise of the karmic effect
Adhamaadhammeanest of mean
Adharma(1) Demerit; (2) Anti-ether i.e. Medium of Rest; (3) Unrighteousness; (4) The unrighteous attitude which is responsible for the downfall of the soul in the spiritual path (5) Gravitation/non-religion; irreligion; impiety; sin, wickedness; immorality; injustice; that which ought not to be done, the reverse of duty; action of conduct contrary to scriptures.
Adharma-dravya:The principle of rest
Adharma:Principle of Rest
AdharmadravyaPrinciple of rest
Adhdhaasamaysmallest unit of time, the time substance
AdheyaContained; Supported
AdhhiTwo and a half; 2-1/2
Adhigama(1) Sense experience of the objects; (2) Knowledge; (3) Acquisition of knowledge by external source
acquisition; getting; study, knowledge, mastery; acceptance, acquisition of knowledge by external sources.
Adhigama paraKnowledge by teacher or other guru etc.
Adhigama svaKnowledge by self
Adhigama:preaching of another.
Adhigamaja:Grahita, right faith derived from teaching or other’s preaching
Adhikmore; additional. figure of speech allied to hyperbole
Adhik maasadditional, extra, month; intercalary lunar month recurring after an interval of 32 months, 16 days, one hour and 36 minutes (also called)
Adhikaarauthority; power, domination, control; ownership; right, title; privilege; claim; ability, competence, qualification or authority for performing certain duties, etc.; jurisdiction; position, dignity, rank; section; chapter; head of governing rule which exerts a directing influence on other rules.
Adhikaar kshetrasphere of authority, jurisdiction
AdhikaranaLocus; Substratum or sublayer, the place in which the cause operates, it is the one whose help is needed to perform the deed. One’s support is needed to perform the deed is knkown as adikaran-jena adhare karya thay te, supporting stage, basis of action, supporter, receptacle, place; sense of location, locative case; government of grammatical relation; authorization; court, tribunal.
AdhikaraniakInstrumental; Locative
Adhikaraniki-kriya:having weapons of hurtfulness.
Adhikrutappointed; authorized; possessing authority, authoritative
Adhipatiking; superior; governor. editor of a newspaper
AdhisahanaBearing pain with calmness
Adhisthaanplace of residence, abode; support; power; dignity, resting place for idol, plinth outline, Establishment
Adho-loka:The lower world; the home of infernal beings
AdhobhaagaLower portion
AdhogatiMotion downwards, lower destinity. Downward or Fall
Adholoka(1) Lower part of universe; (2) Lower world; (3) The home of infernal beings
Adholoka siddhaSalvated from lower world
AdhovadhikaA variety of clairvoyance
AdhovyatikramaLower reverse sequence
Adhruvtransient, non eternal, impermanent
Adhruva anupreksaReflation on transitoriness
Adhruvabandha(1) The bondage of the karmic matter of a soul in the cases where there is the possibility of the non-bondage of the karmic matter and the consequent freedom from bondage; (2) Non-permanent bondage, Non-polar bond
AdhruvabandhiniIt refers to the psychic attitude by which there is the

possibility of bondage or there may not be any bondage of any karma.

AdhruvagrahiTransient grasping
AdhruvodayaThe rise of the satavedaniya karma etc., on subsequent

occasions due to the non-destructions of the previous dispositions.

AdhyaanaRepeated reflection
AdhyaasaAttribution; Superimposition, misunderstanding, Abhipraya, motive, intention, meaning opinion; purpose, intended meaning, sense, erroneous transposition of attributes.
Please also see the appendix at the end of the dictionary. Adhyaas is the fault of knowledge. Adyaas is explained in Hindi under the heading of Adhyaas, Adhyavasaay, Adhyavasaan.
AdhyaatmaSpiritual conduct; Spiritual looking, spiritual conduct, Aatmaa no adhikaar te adhyaatma, suddh chetnaa paddhati te adhyaatma, Adhi means to know and aatm means self. To know the self, to know the soul is adhyaatma.

Bruhad Dravya Sangrah gatha 57 it says that “Religious activity involving the true nature of soul and which is devoid of reflective thoughts of wrong belief and inclination of attachment and aversion, is known as adhyaatma.
िमथ्यात्व, रागािद समस्त िवकल्प जाल के त्याग से स्व शुद्धात्मा में जो अनुष्ठान होता है उसे अध्यात्म कहते है
relating to soul or God; spiritual. knowledge of the soul or God; the Supreme
Spirit relation between the supreme and the individual soul.

Adhyaatma apexaaprinciples on the basis of spiritual conduct.
Adhyaatma no vyavahaarone takes refuge within his eternal true nature of the self and thereby obtains right faith and right knowledge
Adhyaatma paddhatiwhere there is description for pathway to salvation. where there is description for pure nature of the soul. nature of the pure soul, stoppage, shedding, liberation description comes in adhyatma paddhati. In Adhyatma paddhati there is description for pure nature of the soul comes (parmarth vachanika hindi chapter 4 aagam and adhyaatma paddhati ki anantataa)
The eternal pure nature of the self and with attention focused on it, when there is pure modes occurring then it is known as suddh chetnaa padddhati or adhyaatma paddhati. This is the real path to salvation.
According to Niyamsaar scripture, (page 24 Kaaran shuddh paryaay book) adhyaatma paddhatti means one dealing with the eternal pure consciousness state. this is the innate nature of the eternal soul substance.
Therefore it is been called as “Aatmaa kaa adhikaar”. Aagam paddhati describes the soul’s transient modal relationship.
Adhyaatma sthaanbecause of interference of physical objects false feeling of oneness with external objects, thoughts of liking and disliking associated with wrong belief, emotions, desires, volition responsible for karma bondage, energy bond of karma, With the intensity of passions the bondage of karma gets intensity of fruition with certain strength. This is anubhaag bandh or adhyavasaan sthaan, all thoughts and feeling with the sense oneness with the external things
like body etc. is known as adhyavasaan sthaan.
Adhyaatma yogiSpiritual person
AdhyaropaAttribution; Superimposition
AdhyavadayaMental effort
AdhyavasaanaDeterminate cognition, thought condition, determination, identification, identity; absorption, state of uncertainty of soul due to ignorance.अध्यवसान को चािरत्र का दोष कहते है।, (see detail write up on Adhavasaan and adhyavasaay in Hindi by Arunji Pandit from Jaipur – in my documents.)
Adhyavasaan is explained in Hindi under the heading of Adhyaas, Adhyavasaay,
Adhyavasaan in the appendix of this dictionary.
Adhyavasaaymental efforts, temperament, volition which causes karmic bondage, desire to know, jaanvaani ichchhaa. To know is the nature of the knowledge attribute. Siddh is knowing whole universe. But transmigratory soul has desire to know. This desire is the reason for perplexity. So desire to know is the adhyavasaay. mithyaa abhipraay is adhyavasaay.
अध्यवसाय को मिथ्या अिभप्राय कहते है। इसिलए मिथ्या अिभप्राय को भी श्रद्धा कहते है
Adhyavasaay is explained in Hindi under the heading of Adhyaas, Adhyavasaay, Adhyavasaan in the appendix of this dictionary.
Adhyavasaay sthaanplace obtained by the results of karmic bondage
Adhyavasaya:Determinate cognition
AdhyayanaLecture; Chapter; Study
Adhyvasaan naa udayodeluded state of inclination of attachment and aversion, raag dwesh naa vikaari bhaav. (samaysar stanza 217)
AdrastaPast Karmas; Providential; Providence
Advaita bhaavabsence of duality, unity
Advaita:Non-dual; cap., the monistic school of Vedanta, single, non duality, identity, of uniform nature
Adveshfreedom from prejudice, absence of hatred, affinity, non antipathy
Advitiyamatchless; unique
Agaadh samyag darshanwavering serene vision
AgalaPremature realization; Gulp
Agama:Scripture; canonical literature
Verbal testimony
AgamyaThe reason which can not be known or told or described
AgarhaNonblaming, non confession in front of master
AgatiAbsence of motion
AghaatiThe four types of karmas whose powers are much milder than those of the four-ghati karmas. These

powers end at the end of a life.

Aghaatiya-karmaNon-dustructive Karma
AghanadharaNon-cube sequence
Aghatiya:Karamas that generate embodiment and particular conditions thereof
Aghatiya:Non-Destructive karmas
Agitaarthanon adapt, ignorance of scriptures
Agnaan bhaaavignorant inclinations. alien directed inclinations, inclinations directed to the alien objects
Agnaan may bhaavalien directed inclinations,inclinations directed to the alien objects
Agnaana(1) Ignorance due to the perversity of attitude which arises due to the rise of jnanavaraniya karma; (2) Ignorantial flow; (3) Ignorance; (4) Ne-science; (5) False cognitive, nescient, ignorant, spiritual ignorance, karma chetna and karm phal chetna both are agnaan rup hai
Agnaana chetnaNescient conscious; Karma and karma phal chetna
Agnaana mithyaatvaIgnorant belief
Agnaana nivrattiCessation of Ne-science
Agnaana parisahaIgnorance; Affliction
Agnaana vrataVow of an ignorant
AgnaanavaadaAgnosticism; Ignorantism; Ignorantialism
AgnaaniOne devoid of right knowledge, spiritually ignorant being
Agnaanika-mithyaatvaWrong belief due to indiscrimination
Agnaapini bhaasaInstructional language
Agocharbeyond the reach or comprehension of the senses; imperceptible; [ka.] where one cannot, would not like to, put his foot.
Agra-pindaMendicantal first-set food
Agraahyanon assimilable.
Agraahya varganaanon receivable molecules
Agrahita mithyaatvaIntuitional perversity; Inborn wrong belief
AgranthaUnfettered; Possessionless
Agruhit mithyaatvainborn wrong belief
Aguptinon protection, non secrecy, fear of disclosure of what is kept in secret
Aguru laghunot too heavy, not too light
Agurulaghu(1) Not too light or not too heavy; (2) It refers to the absence of the two characteristics of heaviness and lightness; (3) Non-gravity-levity
Agurulaghu:Nor heavy-light; neither too heavy to move, nor too light to have stability.
AgurulaghugunaIt is the characteristic, which expresses neither the lightness nor the heaviness as in the case of the

characteristics of the soul. It is infinite in character.

AgurulaghutvaProperty of constancy; Property of individuality; Constancy of individuality
Agurulaghutva:Capacity by which one attribute or substance does not become another and the substance does not lose the attributes whose grouping forms the substance itself.
The quality of constancy in space-points
AgyaanaIgnorant; Lack of knowledge
AhamenraNon graded celestial beings
Ahara Agrahya-Vargana:Assimilation-unrecievable-molecule
Ahara-Vargana:Assimilation-molecule for food
Aharaka mishra:Assimitative with physical.
The spiritual man-like emanation from the head of a saint in doubt, in the sixth spiritual stage.
Aharaparyapti:Taking of morsels of food
Aharyaprasanjana:Determinate concomitant
Aharyaropa:Determinate concomitant
Ahavaniya-agni:One of the sacred fires in the Hindu srauta ritual
Ahimsaa(1) Non-violence; (2)Non-harming; (3) The supreme mahavrat or anuvrat that all Jains must adhere to. Jain religion is remarkable in that it upholds nonviolence as

the supreme religion (Ahimsa Paramo Dharmah) and has insisted upon its observance in thought, word, and deed at the individual as well as social levels; (4) The first and foremost among the Jaina vows, meaning abstention from slaughter, injury or harm; (5) Non-

injury, non-slaughter, by words, mind and deeds. This

is the first principal vow of the Jaina religion. In its broad connotation, it covers the remaining four vows of non-lie, non- sex, non-theft, and non-possession

Ahimsaa dharmaReligion of non-violence
Ahimsaa paramo dharmaNon-violence as the supreme religion
Ahimsavrata:Refraining from harming
AhinsaaSame as Ahimsa above; Non-violence
Ahinsaa anuvrataMinor vow of non-violence
Ahinsaa vrataVow of non-violence
AhitaNot in the interest
AhobhaavaGreat respect, feeling, sense, of wonder; praise, eulogy.
Aikyaoneness, unity, harmony
AilakaHighest state of lay follower; Loin-clothed votary;

The highest state of a Digambara layman wherein he retains only one piece of clothing

Ailaka:The highest state of a Digambara layman, wherein he retains only one piece of clothing
AindriyakaEmpirical; Sensory
AirihyaScripture; Traditional instruction
AishwaryaPower; Sovereignty; Wealth; Prosperity, overlordship; divinity; supremacy; greatness;
grandeur, opulence.sameness, identity, an aggregate
Aishwarya madaPower; Prosperital puff orpride.
Ajaagrutnon alert
Ajanmanever to take birth again
AjaraOld-age-free; A liberated soul
AjaraamaraA liberated soul who does not decay to old age or die.
AjitanaathaSecond Teerthankara
AjivaNon-life or inanimate object; Non-living; Non- conscious; Non-livin substanmce; Inanimate entities
Which is not soul
AjivadhikaaranaNon-living substratum
AjivakaGosalaka’s doctrine; A sect
AjivkaayaNon-living-body; Inanimate body
Ajna-vyapadiki-kriya:Misinterpreting the scriptural injunctions, which we do not want to follow.
Wrong belief caused by ignorance. Indiscrimination of good and bad.
Ajnanika:Agnostic. Everything is not knowable. This is one of the general attributes of all substances.
Ajnavicaya:Contemplation on the teachings of Jina
Akaama maranaInvoluntary death
Akaama-nirjaraaInvoluntary dissociation; Involuntary wearing off; Disintegration of mature of karma; Savipak nirjara; Involuntary shedding or dissociation of karmas; Desire

less disintegration

AkaamanirjaraaIt refers to the removal of karmic particles by actions like–fasting, celibacy, sleeping on the floor…etc, not voluntarily but out of compulsion as in the case of a man who is imprisoned and who has no undergo these hardships, disintegration of mature of karma, savipak nirjara, involuntary shedding of karma
Akaaranwithout cause, causeless; aimless; (of quarrel, attack, etc.) without provocation
Akaaryakaaranatva Shaktisoul’s power of non doer ship and causeless ness
AkaayaaNon-body; Non-embodied
AkaayikaaSalvated; Dis-embodied
Akaka mrityuUntimely death
Akalankinnocent, spotless; without stigma or blemish; clean; pure
Akalank devWas there probably in 8th century. He is considered as the creation of Jain Nyaay. He created Rajvaartik(first tikaa on Tatvaarth sutra), Bhashya, Tatvaarth Vaartik, Nyaay Vinischya (description about Jain Nyaay),
AkalpyaUnacceptable; Improper
Akama-nirjara:Equanimous submission to the fruition of karma.
AkarmaPure meditation; Non-Functional (in meditation)
AkarmabhumiLand of inaction or enjoyment; The world where there

is no activity like agriculture, writing etc., land of enjoyment.

Akartaanon doer
Akartavyanon performable duty
Akartutvaattitude of not doing some thing, attitude of non doership, one of the 47 powers of soul
AkasaayaPassion- free
Akasaaya vedaniyaPassion-free feeling karma
Akashaya:Quasi-passions; slight or minor passions.
Akevali chhadmasthaNon-omniscient
AkhandaIndivisible, unbroken, undivided; whole, complete., As such from quality perspectives attributes and substance are two separate things from absolute point of view. But Soul substance is with knowledge and knowledge is with soul. This way they both are in indivisible nature. Akhand is from attribute perspective and abhed is from modal perspectives.
Akhedtirelessly, happy, non weariness.
AkinchanyaNon-attachment; Possessionlessness; Nonthingness; Unattached; Non-possession
AkinchitkaraInert, Indirectly active, useless, innocent.
Akinchitkara- hetvabhasaUseless fallacy; Inconsequential fallacy
Akramnot in a sequential order
Akriyavada:Doctrine of non-action
Akriyavadi:Opposite of Kriyavadi, e.g., the soul does nothing. This undermines all truth.
Akrutrimnot artificial, natural; not feigned, sincere; genuine, true
AksaSoul; Axis
Aksa:An organ of sense
AksaraEternal; Alphabet
AksarsrutaAlphabetically originated scriptures
AksataUncooked rice; An offering
Aksata:Uncooked rice
AksayaInexhaustible; Indestructible; Immortal
Aksaya tritiyaImmortal Third
Aksaya-trtiya:The “immortal third,” a Jaina holiday
Aksepani kathaaBlaming tales
Akshagnaanendriya, pavitra gnaan, Pure knowledge, die (in playing); bead of a rosary; axle of a wheel; axis of the earth; [at the end of a compd.] eye; [geog.] angular distance of place either N. or S. from the equator; organ of sense; [math.] any of the imaginary axes at right angle to one another for determining the position of a point in space, physical senses. one who knows is aksh – i.e. soul.
AkshapratiRelated to soul or knowledge
Akshar shrutalphabet scripture. Three types:
1: Samyak Akshar -Shape of the letter. The script or alphabet
2: Vyanjan Akshar: sound of the letter. In other word, the spoken letters.
3: Labdhy Akshar: possessed only by one who is competent to learn alphabet i.e. akshar labdikaa, and can be possible through all the five senses and mind.
Ref: Nandi sutra.
AkshayaUndecaying; Non-prerishable, non decaying, inexhaustible; imperishable Akshaya pad -liberation, moksha.
Akshepanon distraction
Aksina-mahanasa mahalaya rddhiMiraculous power of never ending foods/residence.
AkulataaPerplexity; Mystified; Confused; Unhappiness associated with restlessness; Disturbed
AlankaaraOrnamentation; Ornament, embellishment; figure of speech; melodious arrangement of notes.
AlapaDescription methods
AlapakaConnected sentences
AlaukikaUnusual; Supernatural; Rare; Superwordly; Post- wordly; Extraordinary
Aling graahyacan not be accepted through alien things.par thi grahya nathi te
Aling grahanbeyond inferential mark,: which is not absorbed by any sensual
organs, the one which is been accepted by true nature of the self and not by any sense organs., soul cannot know through the signs of alien things. soul can not be realized with inference based on the sense perception, soul can be realized without any mark – linga. Linga means sense chinh. realization without any external mark or symbol.
Ling means inference- anumaan, Grahan means to know. Aling grahan means soul is the object of the direct experiencing. Therefore it can not be known by inference.
aling grahan 20 bol: 2+3+1+5+6+3 =20. Pravachansaar stanza 172.
2- Indriya related
3 – anuman related
1 – swa samvedan related 5 – upyog related
6 – ling- chinh related
3 dravya, gun paryay related
Aliptanot besmeared, unstained; unattached, detached
Alobha parisahaNon-greed affliction
Alocana:Critical self-examination
Intuitional cognition
AlochanaaConfession; Critical self examination (for expiation), repentation; Self-deprecation.
AlokaLight; Vision; It is space beyond the world; It is the

limitless space

Aloka-aakaashaTotally empty space
Aloka-akasa:Totally empty space
AlokaakaashaUnoccupied space; A-cosmic space; The empty infinite space;

Outside the universe, i.e. Non-universe (Lokaakaasha); Lokaakaasha is called the Universe

Alokita-pana bhojanaDrinks; Food and drinks under light
Alokitapana-bhojana:Thoroughly seeing to one’s food and drink.
AlpaakshariOf very few letters or words
AlpabahutvaRelative comparision; Relative numerical strength
AlpachelakaFew-clothed; Meagerly clothed
Alpagnaknowing very little, shallow
Amalclean, clear; free from impurities, pure
AmanaskaWithout mind; Devoid of mind; Non-rational
Amanaska:Without mind
Amantrini bhaasaAddressal language
Amarimmortal, deathless. god
AmariSacrificial prohibition; Killing prohibition; Prohibition of animal sacrifice
Amari:Prohibition of animal sacrifice
Amarsa-ausadha rddhiSuperpower of medication
AmbaraSupreme meditation
AmechakaUnitary pure; Relating to or characterized by or aiming
Amehnaakarsarva vyapak. extended in the whole universe
Amlaan gnaanpure, perfect, omniscient knowledge
AmnayaTradition; Revision
AmoghaImmutable; Not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature
AmoortikaFormless i.e. without touché, smell, taste and shape
AmritaNectar of heaven
Amsavatara:Minor incarnation of Visnu
Amudhnon perplexed, non infatuated
Amudh drashtiNon-stupidity in the omniscient lords, scriptures and enlightened teachers.
Amudh drastic(1) Unblurred vision; (2) Non stupidity in the omniscient lords, scriptures and enlightened teachers; (3)

Undeluded view;

Amudha drishtitva:Free from superstitious belief.
Amudhadrsti:Freedom from delusory notions
AmurtaNot perceivable by any human or life form sense; Non corporeal; Without form; Can not be perceived by senses; Formless; Non-material; Non-tangible
AmurtattvaAbstract: Non-corporeality: Non-tangibility: Non- materiality: Imperceptibility
Amurtatva:Along with Achetanatva, is common to Space, Motion, Rest and Time.
Along with Chetanatva, is a common attributes of the class of substance,
Ana-pranaparyaptiRespiratory completion
Anaaatmagndestitute of spiritual knowledge, one without spiritual knowledge
AnaabhogDuring an on going resolution – pachchakhaan- if I forgot about my resolution and also by mistake broke the resolution ahead of prescribed time
Anaachaarexcessive attachment to the pleasure of the world
AnaachaaraMiscounduct, complete violation of observing vows
Anaacharniyathat which is prohibited or forbidden
Anaacharniyathat which is prohibited or forbidden
AnaadeyaA karma; Unpleasant look
AnaadiBeginning-less; Withoug a beginning; Eternal, never was born,never been created
Anaadi anantWhich has neither beginning nor end, eternal
Anaadi nidhanneither beginning nor end, eternal
Anaadi saantbeginning less but with end
Anaagatfuture time, (Atit – past, Pratyutpann – of present time, vartmaan kaal no,)
Anaagat pratyaakhyaanrenunciation for future
Anaagataa vikshananticipation
AnaahaaraAbsence of food; Without food; Non-food
Anaahatnot beaten, unhurt; not used, unbleached, new; not produced by beating or striking.
Anaahat naadsuch self-originating sound heard by the yogis or mystics
AnaahrataA fault of disrespecting the guru
Anaakaankshamortification (freeness) from worldly desires
Anaakaanksha kriyaato disobey the prescribed jaina discipline
Anaakaarindeterminate, formless, a type of renunciation
Anaakaar upyogby (the help of) senses, mind and visual (conation) detail-less apprehension of substances lasting for one antar muhurt is attention
without form, indefinite consciousness attentiveness, darshan upyog, saamaanya upyog
Anaakulnot perplexed, not confused, calm, self possessed, happiness without restlessness, calm, consistent, serenity. peace; quietude; composure, super sensuous bliss.
Anaakul aanandsuper sensuous bliss
AnaaryaNon-aryan; Lmpious; Non-cultured, non virtuous person, non civilized person
Anaasanganon attachment.
AnaatmaNon-self; Alien to soul, person without knowledge of the self; one who has not restrained his self. non soul entity, selflessness, corporeal, destitute of spirit, non self, different from soul
Anaatma panunon self state
Anaatmaaselflessness, deprived of self
Anaatmabhutnon self alienable, non integral.
Anaatmabhutnon integral, non self alienable
Anaatmannot self, another, something different from soul
Anaatmataaselflessness, deprived of soul
Anaatmavaaddoctrine of non believing in soul.
Anaatmavaaddoctrine of non believing soul
Anaatmyaimpersonal, want of affection from one’s own family
Anaayaasewithout difficulty, easily
AnaayatanaPraise the gods/goddesses leading to destruction of right knowledge; Perversity; Non-receptacle, worthless places of false religion, perversity, wrong perception, aayatan means place to stay an means non, place where monk cannot stay eg, movie theater or the house of prostitute.
Anabhigrahita mithyaatvaMithyatva is the perversity of attitude, which arises due to wrong teaching and due to the clinging of wrong teaching. This is the perversity of attitude, which arises
Anabhipretnon desired. unintended; non wished; unaccepted, unapproved
Anabhivyaktimplicit, non expressed, non manifestation
Anabhoga kriyaNatural/involuntary activity
Anabhoga-kriya:indifference in dropping things or throwing oneself down upon the earth, i.e. without seeing whether it is swept or not.
Anabhoga:putting down a thing where it ought not to be put.
Anadeya:Non-impressive; dull appearance.
Anadhyavasaayainconclusiveness, indecision, inattention, indeterminate
cognition, uncertainty e.g. to know in indecision about touching the grass while walking
AnadhyavasayaInconclusiveness; Indecision; Inattention; indeterminate cognition; Uncertainty
Anadhyavasita:Neither known
Anadi:Having no beginning
AnadinidhanaNeither beginning nor the end and is eternal
Anadinidhana:Without beginning and without end
Anadyatana tense either past or future, no applicable to present
Anagaarhomeless ascetic
Anagaar dharmathe rule of life prescribed for the monks.
Anagaar dosheating with great avidity
Anagaar linginsignia adopted by homeless ascetics
AnagaraHomeless ascetic
Anagara dharmaThe rule of life prescribed for the monks; Mendicant discipline
Anagara-dharma:Mendicant discipline
Anaghsinless, pious
Anakanksha-kriya:Disrespect to scriptural injunctions out of vice or laziness.
AnakanksiDevoid of desire
AnakaraIndeterminate; Formless
Anakara upyogaBy (the help of) senses, mind and visual (conation) detail less apprehension of substances lasting for one antar muhurt is attention without form
Anakara upyogaIndeterminate cognition
AnakaropayogaIndeterminate upayoga i.e. darsanopayoga.
Anakaropayoga:Formless conscious activity
AnakulNot perplexed; Not confused; Calm; Self possessed; Happiness without restlessness
AnalaFire, anger; kind of imaginary bird.
Analysisanalysis is the process of braking a complex topic or substance in to smaller parts so as to gain better understanding
Anangbodiless, incorporeal. god of love, Cupid, sensual pleasure and enjoyment, kaam bhog
Anangbodiless, incorporeal. god of love, Cupid
Ananga kridaUn-natural sex
Anangapravista:Main scriptions
Anantinfinite, will never be dead. can never be destroyed, similarity of infinite can be given as follow: When one divides 10 by 3 then it will be 3.3333333333 etc. These three after decimal point will be there for infinite time but still it will not give total answer to what is the real number of 10 divide by 3. This is infinite.
Anant aanandinfinite bliss
Anant Dharmaatmakwith infinite component elements of its own
Anant mo Bhaaginfinite power
AnantaEndless or infinite, for instance, kevalajnana is ananta.
Ananta darshanaInfinite perception
Ananta gnaanaInfinite Knowledge; Infinite cognition
Ananta gunaInfinite times; Infinite attributes
Ananta sukhaInfinite bliss
Ananta- aanandInfinite bliss
Ananta-chatushtayaInfinite foursome namely

(1) Infinite perception

(2) Infinite knowledge

(3) Infinite power

(4) Infinite bliss

Ananta-sukha:Infinite bliss
Ananta-viryaInfinite power; Infinite energy
Anantaanubandhi(1) Life-long lasting (2) Passion which leads to infinite births (3) It is a process by which samyagdarsana is withheld and if the right knowledge has already arisen it

vanishes. It is an endless series of the expressions of passions or kasaya or emotional states; (4) Incessant that exists from infinite past, passion leading to endless mundane existence, intense passions causing binding with worldly affairs infinitely.

Anantaanubandhi chatuskafour passions leading to endless mundane existence.
Anantaanubandhi kasaayaA Karma of Infinite-bonding passion
AnantabhagaInfinite conation
Anantadharma:Infinite aspects
Anantajnana:Infinite knowledge; a synonym for kevalajnana
Anantakayika vanaspatiGeneral plants; A category of plants.
AnantanaathaFourteenth teerthankara
AnantanantanukaInfinite infinite atomed / atomic.
Anantanubandhi-kasaya:Passions that “Pursue from the limitless past,” preventing the attainment of samyak-darsana
Anantanubandhi:Error feeding
Right-belief preventing-passions.
AnantanukaInfinite Atomed / Atomic
Anantar purva kshan varti paryaayimmediately prior transient mode in a substance. mode, which itself is transient in nature and which comes immediately prior to the present mode.
AnantaraWithout gap; Continuous, nearest
AnantaviryaInfinite energy of the soul
Anantaviryatva:Infinite energy
AnanupurviNonserial; Non-sequential
Ananvaya:Lacking in positive concomitance, unconnected
AnanyaIdentical, Unique; Not separate or different; matchless; devoted or
loyal to one only, entire devotion, inseparable, not separate or different;
Ananya bhaavaUniqueness; Identity; exclusive devotion to one
Ananya parinaaminalienable modes, modes which remains identical to the substance, unable to separate modes from substance.
Ananyaknot other than itself
Anapavartaniya(1) Non-reducible; (2) It refers to the exhaustion of ayukarma as per schedule without any decrease in the
Anapohatvaanot to have entire separateness
Anapvartaniya aayushyathe life span can not be reduced. one with long life span
AnarghyaAmulya; Priceless
AnarpanaViewed from other stand point; Secondary
Anarpitviewed from other stand point, without any devotion, not giving prominence from one point of view, secondary importance,
Anarpitabhasa:False unimplied point of view
Anarpitanaya:Unimplied view-point
AnarthaUnmotivated; Purposeless
Anartha danda vrataPurposeless violence limitation vow; Vow of refraining from avoidable actions
Anartha danda-vrata:Taking a vow not to commit purposeless sin
Anarthaantarunity, abhinn, ananya, identical
Anarthaantarbhutto be in unity, to become abhinn, to be ananya, to be identical
Anarthadandavrata:Refraining from the five minor types of evil activity
AnasanaFasting; Non-eating; Total fasting
Anashana:Fasting–external austerity.
AnasvadyaUnstable; Nontastable
Anatmabhuta laksanaNon-self alienable Characteristics
AnavadyaSinless, nirdosh, innocent, blameless, virtuous, innocent, perfect, abaadhya, without any hinderance.
Anavaratcontinuous, incessant, uninterrupted
Anavardhyutgiving up irregularity of food intake
Anavardhyut anashanAusterity related to fasting of desirable things, without the wish for future enjoyments
Anavardhyut kaal anashanFasting unto death time
Anavasarpini siddhliberated soul from videh kshetra. ( there is no ascending or descending time cycle in videh kshetra)
AnavasthaRegressus ad infinitum, A fault of reasoning; Infinite regression, infinite regress, a fault which is always followed
Anavasthaapyaa type of repentance, Parihaar praayaschit kaa ek bhed
Anavasthaapyaa type of repentance, parihaar praayaschit kaa ek bhed
Anavasthittransient, unlimited, indefinite, a type of clairvoyance knowledge, multiplicity, anek, transiency
Anavasthita type of clairvoyance, avadhi gnaan kaa ek bhed
Anavidhiunlimited, infinite
Anayana prayofaProcuement from outside limit
AnayatanWorthless places of false religion
AndaEgg; Primordial egg
AndajaIncubatory; Oviparous(Egg laying)
AnekaMany, more that one
Anekaakaarmany shapes, many forms
Anekaantanek dharma, all the component elements of the substance, which includes substance, its infinite attributes and its all modes.
Anekaant swarup panusee anekaantaatmak above
AnekaantaDoctrine of manifold predications; Relative pluralism; Non-absolutist principle; Absolution; Many fold point, mutually contradictory things present in a substance e.g permanency and transitoriness, multiple point of view, it is non absolutism – which is established by pramaan and naya. it is non absolute as comprehended with the help of
comprehensive knowledge – pramaan and is becomes absolute when a partial point of view – naya- is applied to it. According to Purushaarth Siddhi Upaay book verse 2: Anekaant means the negation of the absolutism of existence, non existence permanence and momentariness.
Anekaantaatmakmulti faceted ness, property of having many aspects and modes, substance’s many attributes, modes and many of its components elements – dharma.
Anekaantavaada‘Non-singular conclusivity’; Multiplicity of viewpoints; The concept that humans, with obstructed knowledge, will only be able to see limited parts of any whole (situation or truth); Multiple view points theory
Anekaantvaadrelative pluralism, non absolution
AnekachittaManifold desires; Plural minded
Anekantavada:The doctrine of manifold aspects
Anekantika hetuDoubtful probans
Anekantika hetvabhasaInconclusive fallacy
Anekatva doshabsence or lack of unity as a fault in logic
Anekpanuto be in multiple forms
Anektaavariety, multiplicity
Aneshanaalack of carefulness in searching for food
AngaProper noun; Limb; Part organ; Primary canons; Volume of Book (Scripture); Components, twelve anga- original scriptures as propagated by Omniscient Lord
1:Aachaarang: Muni Dharma 18,000 verses
2: Sutra Krutaang For Worshiping – aaraadhanaa 36,000 verses 3:Sthaanang Description of six substances 42, 000 verses
4: Samvaayaang 1,64,000 verses. Substance, area, time and intentions of a substance’s description- dravya kshetra kaal bhaav varnan5: Vyakhyaa Pragnapti- Bhagwati sutra. 2,28,000 verses Living being’s existence and non existence description- asti nasti varnan
6: Gnatru Dharma Kathaan 5,56,000 verses. Direct disciple of Lord asking questions about the nature of soul etc substances.
7. Upaasakadhya 11,70,000 verses .Description of householder’s vow, virtuous and moral conduct etc.
8. Antah Krut Dashaang 2328000 Sutra. Description of sever calamities occurring to ten antah krut kevali during time of Omniscient lord.
9. Anuttaropaadikdashang 9244000 Sutra. Description of severe calamities occurring to 10 monks who in spite of sufferings, went to annutar vimaan as dev.
10. Prashna Vyaakranaang 9316000 stanzas. Nature of reality explained by philosophical doctrine ( naya) and logic (yukti)
11. Vipaaksutra 18400000 sutra. Nature of fruition of merit and demerit karma.
12. Drasti pravaad 108685605 sutra. 363 different opinions are refuted (363 mat nu khandan) In 12th ang, there are five major chapters: 1:Parikarma, 2:Sutra, 3:Prathamaanuyog, 4:Purvagat- has description of fourteen purva, and 5:Chulikaa.Total sutra in 12 ang are: •112,835,805 (Ref: Ashta pahud – sutra pahud. )
Anga barahtwelve compositions
Anga vidyaaScience of predicting throbbing of body parts
Anga:Limb; cap., a group of twelve Jaina canonical texts
AngaaraDefect for alms
AngabaahyaSecondary canon; Subsidiary texts
Angabahya:The subsidiary canon
Angamodislike, disgust
AngapravistaPrimary canons; Primary texts,original canon
AngapujaVeneration/worship of Jinas, limbs
Angapuja:Veneration of the limbs of the lord
Angdharsaint who possesses the knowledge of twelve angs- scriptural parts.
Angopaangorgans, organelle
Angopaang naam karmaorganelle genetic code function
Angopaga nama karmaPhysique making karma of limbs and sublimes
AngopangaMinor limbs; Secondary parts
Angopanga:Limbs; limbs and minor limbs.
Angula1/24 pf cibit; A length measure
Anichchhakone with no desire, one having no ambitions,free from desire; detached; indifferent
AnidanaBond-free; Desire-free
Anigraha:Free from defect
AnikachitaIt is contrary to nikachita in which the processes of utkarsana (increase), apakarsana (decrease) and sankramana (transformation) of karmic matter are


AnindriyaNon-sense-organ; Mind; Quasi-sense/Salvated soul;

Mind i.e. no-indriya or one which is not sense

Anindriyaja:Non-sensuous, not caused by senses
Aninhnot to hide the name of your guru
AninhavachaarNo concealment of knowledge, or of its sources, one of the eight pillars of right knowledge
Anirakrta:Not refuted
Anirdisht sansthaanIt is difficult to say some thing about the shape of a thing. Nirdisht means to be told and sansthaan means shape.
AnirvachaniyaInexpressible in words
Anishiddhato keep, non restrained,unchecked, no prohibition for its use
Anishpannnot born yet, incomplete, unproven
Anishtthing that proponent does not want to prove – je vastu ne vaadi siddh
karava nathi mangato te. not desired; undesirable; bad, evil. unwelcome thing; evil; calamity.
AnistanivrattiRemoval of or seperation from undesirable.
AnistasanyogaUndesirable accidence
Anisthanon beneficial, detrimental, undesirable
Anittham-svarupaIrregular configuration
Anityainstability, (1) Impermanent; (2) Non-eternal; (3) Transient

(4) Transitory; (5) Mortal

Anitya anupreksha:Everything is subject to change or transitory.
Anitya Taadaatmya Sambandhtransient inherent relationship. e.g. auspicious and inauspicious type of deluded state mode and the soul substance. (see also
sambandh), In Samaysaar in Karta Karma Adhikaar it is also called sanyog siddh sambandh
Anitya-anupreksaReflection on transitoriness
Anitya-vaadaNon-eternalism; Transitorialism
Anityata-vipaakaUncertain fruition
Anivartin:That state from which there is no returning
AnivrattiAdvanced; Non-abstinence
Anivratti baadaraNon-eradication of gross passions
Anivratti karanaNinth stage; Superessing certain deluding karma
Anivrtti-karana:The process of suppressing certain mohaniya karmas
Anivrutti karanprocess of self meditation through which the soul attains right belief or self realization by suppressing certain form of deluding karma.
And wherein the dispositions of Jivas of the same moments are of uniform
purity only and are not of different degrees of purity – such state of dispositions is called Anivritti- Karana. The dispositions of all Jivas in the first moment of this Karana are necessarily identical; similarly all Jivas of the second, etc. moments also have identical purity of dispositions. Further, the purity of dispositions of
all Jivas of second, etc. moments are always with infinite times more purity than the Jivas of the first moments.
Anivrittikarana takes place after Apoorva-Karana. Its period is equal to a numerable fractional part of Apoorva-Karana period. In it, after lapse of sometime and with aforesaid essentials, the Jiva performs Antar Karana,
(Antar karana: Operation of dislodging the due duration of Nishekas due for rise.
Kimantrakarn. N.am ? vivikkhyakamman.an
haitthimovarimatthideeao motoon.majjhai antomuhutmaitan.an tthidin.an parin.amvisaisain.isaign.bhaveekaran.mantarkran.midi
——(Jeydhavala a. p. 953)
i.e., he makes the Nishekas of Mithyatva Karma of one Muhurata period only to remain suspended which were due for coming into
rise after the end of Anivritti-Karana period;
(Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter- samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti) Aniyat – unrestricted, indefinite movement,uncertain; indefinite; indeterminate;
Aniyat gaamisaint having no certain schedule about walking
Aniyata-aachaariUnrestricted wanderer; Indefinite wanderer
AniyatagamiIndefinite wanderer
Anjaana mithyaatvaIgnorance
Anjana churnaKaajala or The eye beauty or medicinal paste
Ankursprout, shoot; origin; [fig.] seed; (of a wound) being healed or cured, healing.
AnnapananirodhaWithout holding foods/drinks
AnookampaaCompassion; Piety
Ansanyuktaseparate, non joined
AnsavataraMinor incarnation
Anshpart, degree, portion, section
Anshithe thing in which there is part or portion or section present, sharer, co-heir, entitled to a share; having parts or members; possessing an attribute
Ant dipakthrowing light up on an idea at the end, verb standing at the end of the sentence
Ant krut kevaliomniscient lord who has removed his transmigration. within 48 minutes after omniscient one obtains nirvana.
AntaAspects or attributes
Anta dipakaThrowing light up on an idea at the end, verb standing at

the end of the sentence.

Antahtherefore; from here, hence; from today, internal, between
Antah tatvainternal reality
Antahkarana upsamaInternal subsidence
Antardifference in time in occurring the same event again,inner, internal; close, near.
n. inner part, interior; heart, mind; distance (in time or space); difference; inner being, soul; interval; separateness; (at end of compd.) another or different, discrimination, interval of time, divergency, interval.
Antar Aatmainner self
Antar karanmaking intervals in karmic fruition with the help of spirituality.
In it, after lapse of sometime and with aforesaid essentials of anivrutti karan ( please see anivrutti karan), the Jiva performs Antar Karana,
(Antar karana: Operation of dislodging the due duration of Nishekas due for rise.
(Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter- samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti)
Antar muhurtaA time of appx. 48 minutes or less
Antar mukhOne brings his attitude directed to the eternal innate for of soul substance
Antar Nirmagntotally engrossed within
Antar rahitcontinuously
Antar vyaaptiInternal concommittance
Antar-AatmaanInner soul; Interior self
Antar-muhurta:A period of up to forty-eight minutes
AntaraInterval: Distance
Antara-bhava:The state of existence between death and rebirth
Antaraatmaainner self
AntaraatmaaInner Self; Non deluded Soul; Inner looking Soul
AntaraatmaaEngaged in spiritual pursuit
Antaraayinterruption, an obstacle in food of Jaina saints accidentally
Antaraay karma prakrutinature of obstructive karma.
AntaraayaA Ghati karma that obstructs the strength of a soul; Causing imopediments
AntaraayaObstruction; Discrimination; Interruption
Antaraaya karmaObstructive Karma; Karma which determines and obstructs the inherent energy of the soul. For instance,

it obstructs the activity of giving alms etc

AntarabhaavaInterval between death and rebirth
AntaralagatiTransmigratory motion
Antarang parigrahinternal possessions. Fourteen tyeps: Wrong faith, four toxic passions of anger deceit, ego and greed, 9 quasi passions of laughter- haashya, indulgence- rati, dissatisfaction- arati, sorrow- shok, fear- bhay, disgust- jugupsaa, male female and hermaphroditic dispositions- purush, stri and napunshak ved.
AntarangaInternal within self or soul
Antaranga parigrahaThere are fourteen. Mithyaatva, Krodha or anger, Maan or pride, Maayaa or fraud, lobha or greed, Hasya or laugh, rati sensual pleasure, parati, shoka or grief, bhaya or fear, Jugupsaa or intense dislike, striveda, purushveda, and napuamshakveds.
Antaratman:The state of perceiving the self within
Antaraya-karma:Karma that restricts the energy-quality of the soul
Antaraya:inflow of obstructive karma
AntarbhedaDiscriminative science; Sscience of differentiation between self(soul) and non-self (others) called bheda Vigyaana; The science of separation of soul and body
Antardhana rrdhiPower of invisiblisation
AntariksaIntermediate space; Space
Antaritintervening; covered, put behind the screen; encircled; separated.
Antarjalpa:Inward repetition
Antarmuhurtavery short time- less than 48 minutes and more than aavali, intra indian hour
Antarmuhurtta:For a moment
Antarmuhurttika:A period of less than forty-eight minutes
Antarvyapti:Internal concomitance
Antatva anupreksaRefection on Seperateness
AntimagraasaThe last karma predasha or spaces
AntyasthulaUltimate vastness for graspness. This refers to the entire cosmos and the matter of the cosmos.
AntyasuksmaThe ultimate subtlety which is to be found in the atom.
Antyesti-kriya:Funeral rites
Anuaccording to, after, along, alongside, lengthwise, under, subordinate, in order, afterward, there up on, again, further, then, next
AnuAtom: Sub-atom
Anu Vargana:Atom
Anu-brahma vrataMinor vow of chastity or celibady
Anu-Vratas:Five minor vows.
Anu:Atom; an indivisible particle of matter
Anubaddhabound to, obliged to, connected with, related to, connected to, belonging to
Anubandhattachment, uninterrupted succession, sequence, consequence, result, intention, motive, commencement, beginning, to bind, to stick, to adhere, result, fruition.
Anubandhakaconnected, allied, related
Anubandhanbinding, connection, succession, unbroken series
Anubhaagkarma’s capacity to give different intensity of fruition
Anubhaag bandh adhyavashaay sthaanKarma get bonded with capacity to give certain intensity at the time of fruition. The soul’s inclinations of passions occur as instrumental cause in this bondage activity. The soul’s passion inclinations are known as anubhaag bandh adhyavashaay sthaan
Anubhaag ghaatenergy destruction of karma
Anubhaag kaandakEnergy splitting of karma
Anubhaag krustireduction of intensity of karma in fruition
Anubhaag rachanaacreation of fruitional intensity of karma
Anubhaag satvastate of energy bond in soul
Anubhaag sthaanstate of energy, fruitful results of karma, degree of potency of fruition of karma bonded with the soul is known as abhubhaag sthaan
Anubhaag swaami sannikarshapower of energy in sense object contact
Anubhaag udaya type of karmic fruition
AnubhaagaKarmic Manifestation; Intensity (Fruitional), capacity, strength, nature of self, influence, majesty, prabhaav
AnubhaagabandhaFrutional bondage; Intensity bondage, energy bond of karma, With the intensity of passions the bondage of karma gets intensity of fruition with certain strength. This is anubhaag bandh
Anubhaavconsequence, dignity; external manifestation, or expression of a sentiment, prabhaav, Fruition of material karma, Anu means anusarine, one
follows, and bhav means bhavan, parinaman, one who follows and then modifies self is anubhav.
Anubhaavyainclination of attachments etc modes
Anubhaga:intensity of fruition
AnubhavaExperience; To feel
Retribution of a karma; intensity
AnubhavshiliOne pursues the message of Omniscient Lord and then he is giving discourses. Sarvagn ne anusari ne nikleli vaani
Anubhaya yogaNeutral activity
Anubhaya-mana:Neither true nor false.
Anubhaya-vachana:Neither true or false.
Anubhuta:Cognised, felt
AnubhutiKnowledge; Congnition; Realization; Experience; Nischaya Samyagdarshan, perception, self realization
AnuchintanaConstant reflection
AnudharmaHarmonised way
AnudisaIntermediate direction
Anudish devsee vaimaanik dev for details
Anudisht aahaarfood not prepared especially for monk
Anudvegnon disgust
AnugaamiAccoompanying; Favorable
AnugamaConforming knowledge; Explanation
Anugamika (Avadhijnana):Following
Anugnaapermission, leave, (to depart); consent; order
AnugrahaBenefit; Profit, krupa. Nigrah means punishment, favor, grace; obligation; kindness, mercy.
Anujivi(1) Affirmative (Agreeing or concurring); (2)

Confirmable; (3) Co-existing

Anujivi gunin the modes of some attributes there is always some purity is known as anujivi gun. There is purity as well as impurity present in the mode of these
attributes. e.g. knowledge, perception, bliss, happiness attributes. Purity is not a reason for any karma bondage. Only impurity present will be the reason for bondage. (MMP page 26 Hindi). This present impurity is not only the reason for bondage but also not for liberation. The spread of these attributes – vikaas of these attributes also is not the reason for liberation. Gyaan ka visisht vikaash moksha ka karan nahi hai. Similarly less knowledge is not the reason for bondage or liberation. Modes of Knowledge, perception, and sukh gives the identity of the living being. They show the presence of living being. Attributes having kshayopshamic bhaav is known as anujivi gun. Even though there is presence of some purity, it is not getting samyak symbol. It is known as
garbhit suddhataa.
The affirmative attributes, which constitute the inherent nature of the substance, are called ‘affirmative attributes’. For example,Consciousness (Chetna), faith (Shradhadha), right conduct (Charitra), happiness (Shukh), vitality (Virya), capability of obtaining salvation (Bhavyatva), non-capacity of obtaining salvation (Abhavyatva), soul-hood (Jjivatva), special interactive capacity (Vaibhavik shakti), act of doing (Kartutva), and the act of enjoying (Bhoktrutva), are infinite attributes present in the soul, called the soul’s affirmative attributes; and touch, taste, smell, and color, in the matter constitute affirmative attributes. Knowledge obscuring, perception obscuring, deluding and obstructive karma are the instrumental cause in destroying the modes of the affirmative attributes – anujivi gun- of the soul.
Bhaaav swarup gun ko anujivi gun kahate hai. The positive attributes are known as anujivi guna; e.g. soul’s positive attributes like consciousness, knowledge, perception, conduct, happiness and matter’s positive attributes are like touch taste, smell etc. Jain Siddhant Prashnottarmala Q. no. 199, 200. see also pratijivi gun.
AnukampaaKindness to all living creatures; Compassion; Kindness; Mercy
AnukramaSuccession; Order, serial order, sequence; method; arrangement; due order; rule; regulation; custom; practice.
AnukrstiSubsequent tract
AnukulCoincide; Comfortable; Congenial; Favorable; Aggrable; Confirmable; Friendly; Kind; Well disposed, well-inclined; suitable; well-adapted, fit; agreeable; beneficial; convenient; propitious, conducive, helpful.
AnulomaNatural order
AnumaanaRight logical deductions and inference, inference, anticipation, syllogism, instrument of inference, inferential knowledge is knowledge that results through the instrumentation of some other knowledge.
It is the efficient instrument of inferential cognition.

Nyaay claims there are five members of a syllogism: Thesis (pratignaa), reason (hetu), exemplification (udaaharan), subsumptive correlation (upnaya) and conclusion (nigaman).
There are five conditions to be fulfilled in a valid inference.
1: The reason must be present in the minor term (paksha)
2: The reason must be found wherever the major term (Saadhya) is found,
3: The reason must not be found wherever the major term is not found
4: The reason must not be related to something absurd,
5: The reason must not be contradicted by an equally strong middle term (hetu).
Ref: A concise dictionary of Indian philosophy by John Grimes.

Anumahaanatomic matter particle having only one space point of area but has capacity to join with many atomic particles is known as anumahaan
ref: Panchastikaay gatha 4
AnumataApproved; Assented to; Permitted; Allowed; Agreeable; Pleasant; Loved; Beloved; Cconcurred

with; Being of one opinion; Entice others to act

AnumatiAssent; Permission; Approbation
Anumati-tyaga:Preparatory to the monk’s life. Enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to aquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Anumatityaga-pratima:The tenth stage in which a layman refrains from all household activities
Anumatityaga-pratimaaModel stage of refraining from household activity
Anumeyaobject of inference, inferable, deducible
AnumodanSupporting; Applauding; Praising; Aprroval, consent; confirmation; support, Praise
Anupincomparable, excellent, best, matchless
Anup urvi pascatReverse order
Anupa-sanhariInconclusive fallacy
Anupalambha:Non-observation, non perception. An means no and uplambh means knowledge
AnupamaIncomparable; Excellent; Best; Matchless, unequalled, best
Anupapattiinapplicability; irrelevance; inconclusive reasoning; absence of argument or conclusion; failure
AnupattUnacceptable elements by soul e.g. light, discourses


Anupatta:Matter which is not taken in by the soul.
Anupayoga:Not in actual use
Anupayukta:Without attention
AnupcharitaLiteral; Factual, un fictitious, non factitious stand point, literal stand point, real, upadhi ya upcharit
ka abhav. This corresponds to inseparable accident of the scholastic logic. for example: This is my body. Body is identified with self according to this particular partial point of view.
To make divisions in pure attribute and the substance is literal stand point of view- anupcharit. To have close relationship with two elements is expressed as
literal point of view.- e.g. body and soul occupies same space points so it is literal impure synthetic point of view- anupacharit asadbhut. To have knowledge mode and soul having identical inherent relationship and therefore is literal pure synthetic point of view. – anupcharit sadbhut vyavahaar naya.
Anupcharita asad bhut nayaInformal non existent purport meaning, stand point expressing the unity of different substances eg. unity of body and soul
Anupcharita sad bhut nayaInformal existent purport meaning, stand point expressing the differentiation between virtues and virtuous one, suddha guna and guni me bhed ka kathan karna.
Anuplabdhinon-perception, incomprehension; non-acquisition., avidyamaan, not existing; dead; absent.
Anuplabdhinon cognition, absence of an object is known due to its non cognition, it is a specific cause of an immediate knowledge of non existence, something related to non availability, saadhya ko siddh karne ke liye jis hetu ki praapti saadhya mein na mile,
Anuplabdhi hetunegative middle hypothesis, negative middle premise, relation of negation
Anuplabdhi hetusomething related to nonavailability. Contrast word is uplabhdi hetu means cause of valid cognition, established hypothesis.
Anuplabdhi pramaanabsence of perception, uplabdhi no abhaav, pramaan no abhaav, In anuplabhi pramaan there is absence of knowledge which as such occurs with five pramaans.- Panch pramaan dwaaraa thataa gnaan no abhaav. For example, There is no book on this table. How is this knowledge occurring? It is not a direct perception – pratyaksha pramaan. In this example, absence of book’s knowledge occurs due to absence of any perception regarding the book. This is not a direct knowledge- pratyaksha pramaan. One can know the things with senses but absence of thing can not be perceive with any senses. Therefore the knowledge of absence of book occurs due to anuplabdhi pramaan. This is the way
Kumaril Bhatt philosophy believes. This is also not an inferential knowledge because absence and non perception both do not have inherent relationship. Anuplabdhi pramaan is also not sabd pramaan or upmaan pramaan because its knowledge is not related to the sentence spoken from an authoritative person – aapta vaakya, or by resemblance – saadrashy. Therefore anuplabdhi pramaan is considered as stand alone pramaan. This is the belief of Kumaril bhatt philosophy.
Anuppattiinapplicability; irrelevance; inconclusive reasoning; absence of argument or conclusion; failure
Anupreksa or Anuprexa(1) Reflection of learning and hearing; (1) Bhaavanaa;

(2) Self-conteplation i.e. Thinking with rationalizing; (3) Contemplation, absorb in meditative state

Anupreksa:Reflection, twelve kinds
Anupreksha:Meditation, contemplation, bhaavanaa, reflection, deep thinking, deep study.
Anuprexaameditative state, contemplation, reflection, contemplating the knowledge acquired is reflection. As such there is no difference between anuprexaa and dhyaan except for their fruition. In anuprexaa – contemplation- one contemplates on 12 bhaavnaas – contemplations- and with that one obtains indifferent type of attitude towards them. Those bhaavanaas are unitariness, transitoriness, separateness etc 12 types. In dhyaan, one takes his mind away from different objects and concentrates on one object only – Chitt ne anek vishay mathi hataavine ek vishay ma sthir kari shakay chhe ( moksha shastra gujarati adhyay 9 page no. 590-591), In anuprexa one contemplates with many thoughts on one subject only. One keeps on thinking on one subject only but thoughts keeps on changing. For example, one is having contemplation on transitoriness state. Here thoughts keep on changing but the subject of transitoriness does not change. આમા એક જ વિષય ઉપરના અનેક વિચારો છે. આમા કલા એક વિષય ઉપર જ
વિચારવામા આવે છે. એમા વિષય બદલાતો નથી. માત્ર વિકલ્પ બદલાતા રહે છે. દા.ત. અિનત્ય કરતી
વખત પદાર્થના અિનત્ય સ્વભાવ વાળા જ વિચારો કરવામા આવે છે. વિચારો બદલાય 9, પણ પદાર્થના અિનત્ય સ્વભાવનો વિષય બદલાતો નથી.
ચિંતન = એક વિષય એક વિકલ્પ
ભાવના – એક વિષય એક જ (કારના વિકલ્પ ‘+ પુનરાવર્તન
જ્ઞાન = એક વિષય એક વિકલ્પ પુનરાવર્તનનો અભાવ વિચારનો અભાવ, વિચાર ની ઉપસ્થિતિ વિકલ્પોથી છuટા રEવાનો અXયાસ ઉપયોગ ની P[ય તરફ સ]^ખતા
(Ref: Atmasiddhi vivechan by Shri Rakeshbhai part 4 page 35-37)
There are twelve contemplations: They are:
1: Transitory contemplation- anitya anuprexaa: every thing is transient in nature 2: Helplessness contemplation – asharan anuprexaa: The feeling that soul is
unprotected from fruition of karma. e.g. death etc.
3: Transmigration contemplation- sansaar anuprexaa: soul moves in the cycle of existences and cannot attain true happiness till it cuts of transmigration
4: Loneliness contemplation – ekatva anuprexaa: I am alone the doer of my actions and the endurer of its fruition.
5: separateness contemplation – anyatva anuprexaa: The world, my relations and friends, my body and mind all are distinct and separate from my real self.
6: Impurity contemplation – ashuchi anuprexaa: The body is impure and dirty.
7: Inflow contemplation – aasrav anuprexaa: The inflow of karma is the cause of my mundane existence and it is the product of my toxic emotions
8: Stoppage contemplation – samvar anuprexaa: the inflow of the karma must be stopped.
9: Shedding contemplation – samvar anuprexaa: karmic matters must be shed from or shaken out of soul.
10: Universe contemplation- lok anuprexaa: nature of the universe and its constituent elements in all their vast variety proving the significance and miserable nothingness of man in the time and space.
11: rarity of religious knowledge – bodhi durlabh anuprexaa: rarity of religious knowledge. It is difficult to attain right belief knowledge and conduct.
12: Reflection on the nature of the religious path as preached by Omniscient Lords contemplation – dharma anuprexaa: One contemplates on the true nature of the three fold path of liberation.
Anupurvi:Migratory form; the power of retaining the form of the last incarnation during transmigration, i.e., in the passage from one to another condition of existence.
AnupuviSerial; Serial order; Order
Anupuvi yathata tathaIrregular order
Anuraagattachment; affection, love; addiction
Anuraagiwho is attached or devoted; who has affection, love or liking for; passionate
AnuradhTo carry to an end; To finish with
AnuradhaEffected; Accomplished; Obtained
AnurupaComfortable; Corresponding; Like; Ssuitable; Adapted to; According to; Conformity; Suitablility; Confirmable; Accordingly
AnusaranaFollow, act of following; imitating; imitation, pursuing, going after
AnusilanaPractice; Deep thought
AnusochanaContinuoua thinking
Anusreni gatiLinear motion
AnusthaanaReligious Celebration; Ritual Activity; Religion Performance; Ritual with knowledge, ritual performance, observing the rituals, doing, performance; religious ceremony; commencement of an undertaking; previous preparation.
Anusyutianvay purvak jodaan, oneness in many
AnutataSplitting type; A sound tape
Anutkrushtsee apkarshan
Anutpattinon production, not yet produced, preparation for future state, unproduced, unborn
Anuttar devsee details in vaimaanik dev
Anutthaannon interruption
Anuvartanobliging, serving or gratifying another, compliance, obedience, following, attending, concurring, consequence, result, continuance, supplying from previous rule
Anuvartaniyato be followed, to be supplied from a previous rule, Anuvartin – following, attending, a path previously walked by another
Anuvichi bhaashanaConscientious speech
Anuvichi yachanaShelter begging
Anuvidhaayakobedient, Anusarnaar
Anuvidhaayiobedient, anusarto
Anuvrata(1) A vow that is not as strict as a Mahavrat. Anuvrats are for people living family lives. The five vratas are: Ahimsa (non-violence), truth, non-stealing, non- possessiveness and chastity or self-control. (2) Minor Vow; (3) Lesser, partial limited and qualified vow; (4) partial vows (5) Vow of truth; (6) Minor vow of truth, partial vows, partial renunciation
AnuvratadhariMinor vower
AnuvratiSmall vow holder
AnuvratisHouseholders who observes small vows
Anuvruttto follow, pursue, to follow from previous rule, be supplied from a previous sentence, to attend, to obey, respect, imitate, to resemble, to expect, walking after, following, continuity, persistence
AnuyogaExposition; Disquisition; An elaborate analytical or

explanatory essay or discussion, Branches of scriptures. There are four types: 1.Prathamaanuyog – expositions related to mythology, for teaching some
one about philosophy – samzaane ke liye
2. Charanaanuyog – expositions related to ethics,apne ko chalne ke liye, for one to walk on the pathway to spirituality
3. Karanaanuyog – expositions related to etiology and cosmology, apne ko samazne ke liye- to understand one’s self.
4. Dravyaanuyog – expositions related to metaphysics, apne tak pahuchne ke liye- for achieving the self.

Anuyoga dvaaraDisquisition door; Gateway of disquisition
Anvarthhaving quality according to the name.
Anvay Dattito hand over all assets to successors. – at 9th pratimaa, Shraavak gives away all his possessions to his son or someone else. He is anvay datti.
Anvay drashtaantaabhaasillustrative apprehensive of goal. in presence of means one is unable to see goal, fallacy of anvay drashtaant.
Anvay drastaantexample from affirmative perspective, affirmative illustration, it is called anvil drastaant when in presence of means, resources- saadhan- one understands presence of goal, thing to be achieved- saadhya.
Anvay dravyamutually related substance
Anvay dravyaarthik nayastand point related with substantive connection
Anvay kaa visheshandifferent things present in anvay. Attributes of the substance. the attributes remain in all the area of the substance and in any situation is known as attribute. Unchanging attributes remain present forever in the substance and therefore it is known as anvya kaa visheshan.(pravachansar stanza 80)
Anvay kaa vyatirekAbsence of a reason and there is absence of activity is known as vyatirek. Kaaran ke abhaav me kaarya kaa abhaav ko vyatirek kahte hai. (pariksha mukh page 36). Anyvay means substance and attriutes then vyatirek means modes. Anvay is unity then vyatirek is differences.(panchaastikaay gaathaa 5)
Vyatirek means differences from time perspective. It has only stay for one samay. modes are known as anvay kaa vyatirek.
Anvay kaa vyatirek means modes of the anvay, modes of the substance. Vyatirek keeps on changing with each samay. Each mode is independent and will not be seen again as it is independent in nature. (pravachansar stanza 80)
Anvay paddhatimethod of agreement
Anvay Shaktiattribute, gun, attributes of a substance
Anvay vyaaptimutual existence, presence, in presence of means to show presence of goal. Saadhan ki mojudagi mein saadhya ki mojudagi bataanaa
Anvay vyatirek kaa abhaavFor example, the thing (e.g. mosquito) is not there still one ends up knowing about it and the substance (e.g. hair on top of the head) is there but one does not know about it. (pariksha mukh- P. 36)
Anvay vyatirekiaffirmation cum negation, illustration of connection and negation, positive and negative assertion; agreement and contrariety.
AnvayaLogical continuance; Affirmation; Cohort of monks; Even if something is there to think how if it is there, attributes, ekrooptaa, saadrastaa, oneness, identical, sadrash bhaav, when vyatirek is attributes and modes then anvay is substance. “An” means stable and “vay” means modification, stable with modification is anvay, eternal substance, association, connection; the proper order or connection of words in a sentence; logical connection, of cause and effect; race, family, lineage; purport, sat, Thing which remains eternal and with full capacity, kaayam rahenaru saamarthya vaalu tatva.
According to Panchaadhyaayi (stanza 142): anvil meaning is as follow: “anu” means without any hinderance constant flow. “aya” means movement. the one which keeps on flowing without any hinderance is anvay. Attribute forever stays with substance and therefore anvay.

Activity occurs because of having presence of a reason is also known as anvyay. Kaaran hone par kaarya ka honaa usko anvay kahate hai (pariksha mukh page 36), (panchaastikaay gaathaa 5)
The one which remains unchanged in any situation is known as anvay. Here it means substance.(pravachansar stanza 80)
logical connection with lineage. Flow.
Association, connection; the proper order or connection of words in a sentence; logical connection, of cause and effect; race, family, lineage; purport.
Constant flow,following, succession, connection, association, being linked to or connected with, natural order of connection of words in to a sentence, syntax, construing, logical connection of words, logical connection of cause and effect,

Anvaya-vyatirekaPositive and negative; Affirmation-cum-negation.
Anvaya-vyatireki udaaharanaAffirmative-cum-negative; Illustration.
Anvayaabhaavnon existence of coherence, saahachary sambandh kaa abhaav
Anvayaarthmeaning of verse in prose.
AnvayarthMeaning of verse in prose
Anvayeaccording to, in accordance with; by virtue of.
Anvayiconcomitant, continuant, connected, related; racial, – Anvay means flow. In any given attribute there is constant flow of modifications occurring forever. In each of
this mode, the attribute remains constant and therefore anvayi. (Ref: panchaadhyaayi gatha 137-163)
Anvayi visheshoattributes. Vyatirek vishesho means modes.(pravachansar stanza 80)
Anvayvyatireketernal substance with its attributes and modes, positive and negative assertion; agreement and contrariety.
AnvesanaPursuance; Search
Anveshaninvestigation; search; audit.
Anveshanpursuance, search
Anvikshaasupposition according to scriptures and practical experience, pratyaksh aur aagam ke aashrit anumaan
Anvya panuattributes of a substance
Anyaanother; different; belonging to another
Anya vaadiperson giving altered testimony
Anya-drastisanstavaPraising the alien view; Praising heterodoxy.
Anyapohamutual non existence. e.g. to have absence of one substance’s mode in another mode of the same substance.
AnyathaaOtherwise; Except it
Anyathaaunpapannatvaavinaabhaav, inherent relationship.
AnyathaavruttiThe upyoga or activity of self or soul is prevailing otherplace not within itself.
AnyathanupapattiOtherwise impossible
AnyatirthikaHeretic; Alien creedar; Alien viewer
AnyatvaSeperateness, being different, non identity, differentiation
Anyatva bhaavanaThe aloneness of Soul
AnyonyaMutual relativity
anyonya abhaavmutual non existence
Anyonya vruttidependent on each others, to exists due to each others.
AnyonyaabhaavaMutual non-existence; reciprocal non existence, Absence of mutual modification of matter in each other
Anyonyaghatana hetvabhasaMutual dependent fallacy
Apwrong, evil
Apa deshdravya shrut, material scriptural knowledge, mention, mentioning the name of; pretext, pretense; statement of reason or cause., a sentence
Apa dhyaanaEvil thinking
Apa vargaEmancipation; Salvation
Apa vargaemancipation, salvation
Apaadaana kaarakaProducer, ablative case
Apaanbreath of inhalation.
Apaarthakwant of syntactical construction, incoherent
ApaasaraTemple without idol; A place of worship for Jain Swetaamber faith
Apaavanvitiated, impaired
Apaaymisfortune, calamity, to disintegrate
ApadInclination of attachment etc are non protection- arakshan, non guarding to the soul. They are non characteristic- alakshan- of the soul. They do not belong- asthaan – in soul. (definition as given in Adhyatma tarangini), It is asharan and asthaan, no adobe, wrong place or time, non self entity.
apad bhutઅપદ ભૂત, non real entity
Apadbhut dravay bhaavsoul’s inclination of attachment and aversion and also fruition of material karma, dravya karma and bhaav karma.
ApadhyanaEvil thought
ApadinnaWithout guile
Apakaardetriment, harm injury
Apakaarinon forgiver.
ApakarsanaDecrease in the intensity of the karmic effect
Apakarsana kalaAttenuation period
Apakarshandecrease in earned karma.
ApakarshhaThe determination for longevity for next life, deterioration, decline
Apakramdevolve; go away; retreat, law of movement
Apakva karmaunmatured karma
Apakva paachanpremature fruition of karma, udiranaa
ApalaapaUnattachment, repudiation, rejection of proposal or idea,concealing, hiding; concealment, evasion, or denial of truth or fact.
ApaliptamanaUnattached mind
ApanaInbreath; Anusal air
Apanaapansense of belonging to oneself; self-identification; individuality; self-consciousness; egotism,Potaapanu
Aparhaving nothing beyond or after, having no rival or superior, posterior, later, following, western, inferior, another, different, distant, opposite
Apar Bhaavaafter existence, succession, continuation
Apar gurusuperior guru e.g. Gandhar etc.
Apar guruSuperior guru e.g. Gandhaar etc.
Apar lokanother word, paradise
Apar pakshalater half of month, opposite side, defendant
Apar purushdescendant
Apar ratralater half of the night, end of the night
AparaadhaGuilt, fault; offense, crime; sin
Aparaadhinnot dependent on other
Aparaaparanother and another, various
Aparaardhyawithout a maximum, unlimited
AparakramaFast by weak
Aparasparnot reciprocal, not one by other, one after another
AparatvaPosteriority; Inferiority; Non-precedent; Non-priority
Aparigaha anuvrataMinor vow of non-possession
Aparigrah vrataVow of non-possesson
AparigrahaNon-possession; Non-attachment; Non- possessiveness; One of the mahavrats and anuvrats.
Aparigrahita gamanaEnjoying unauthorised woman
AparimarjitaUn-sweeped; Uunswept
AparimitaWithout measured or measurement, immeasurable; vast, extensiv, Unproportional, unmeasured, indefinite, unlimited
AparinaamiUnchanging, eternal, permanent, non transforming, immutable.
AparisesaWhole; Complete
AparisravitaNon-flowing purificational quality
Aparivartmana madhyamaUnreturnable; Unchanging medium
AparyaaptaIncomplete; incompletely developed, non developable, non developed, incomplete development of organs or faculties, incompletion, One who cannot accomplish any of the powers and who dies before any development is called undeveloped power. – aparyaapti, Non-completioned; Non-developed.
AparyaptiNon-complition; A namakama; Non-developedness.
Aparyavasthitinfinite, infinity
ApasaranakalaRegression Period
ApasiddhantaErroneous doctrine/conclusion.
ApauruseyaDivine; Supra-humanly
Apavaad sutrathe sutra concerning the exceptions of the general rule of conduct
Apavaada vesaExceptional garb
Apavarg nirupannature of emancipation
ApavargaLiberation; Salvation
ApavartanaHastening; Attenuation; Time reduction; It is the transformation or the decrease in the states and

intensities of the effects of bondage, cancellation

Apavartana sankramanaIt is the process of the reduction of the experience and the effects of the karmic intensities.
ApavartaniyaTime reducible
Apavartyashortening by the presence of external objects such as passions weapons etc., It is the premature realization of the ayukarma as in the case of death by accident or poisoning.
Apavaryaayushyathose whose lives are cut short
ApayaPerceptual judgement
Apaya(1) Perceptual judgement (2) It refers to the stage of perceptual experience (indriya pratyaksa).
Apaya vichayaCogitational meditation on worldly troubles.
ApayavichayaSelf-dependence oriented righteous meditation
ApekshaaConsideration of; Reference; Expectation; Regard; Depend; Anticipation, kishi dharma ko mukhya karna is apeksha, To give importance to some property of a substance is known as apeksha , desire; need, requirement; [gr.] presence of a word necessary to complete sense; reference; regard to; dependence of; connection of cause and effect; expectation; hope; need requirement;with regard to;
There are three meanings of apekshaa:
one: is in the form of dependency, expectation
second: avinaabhaavi panaa – dravya has apekshaa of the mode. Here it is in the form of concomitance,
third: vivakshit dharma ko mukhya karnaa apeksha hai-to give importance to some property of a substance. Other name for this is naya.
ApekshitaConsidered; Referred to; Expected; Required; Wished; Wanted, desired
Aphalfruitless; wasted, useless barren.
Aphohassimilation, negation of opposite
Aphorisman original thought written or spoken in concise and memorable form
Apinda prakratiNon-Concrete karma type
Apkaaywater bodies, water creatures
Apkaayikwater bodied
Apoh vaadis the name given to the theory according to which an object is conceived to be negation of its opposite, Dignaata is the earliest exponent of this theory, negationnist
ApohaDoubt removal; Exclusion, to strip off, denying, to strip off, removing
ApohruptaaEntirely different forever, forever negativity, to end the relationship with each other, sarvathaa nakaaraatmakpanu, sarvathaa bhinntaa.
ApokayikaWater bodies
Apra-vachanaScriptural texts
Apraapt kaalvioletion of the temporal order
Apradarshit vyatirekundemostrated concomitance indifference
Apradarshitaanvayundemonstrated concomitance in agreement.
ApradesaMono-spatial; Dimensionless
Apradeshihaving only one space point. Absolute time occupies only one space point.
Apramaanerroneous cognition
Apramaan dosheating without measure, i.e more than what is permissible
ApramanaImmeasurable; Invalid; A food fault
ApramattaPeaceful (shaanta); Careful; Vigilant; Active; Pure self-efforts, not careless, attentive .non slothful, vigilant of duties, to be attentive in self, a state of soul in which the soul is attentive in itself
Apramatta muniVigilant saint; Vigilant monk
Apramatta sanyataVigilantly restrained, perfect self control
ApramattaviratiVigilant abstinence, perfect vowed, seventh stage of spiritual development stage
AprashastaUnwholesome; Hurtful to others; Bad evil conduct, not praiseworthy, contemptible, censurable; low mean; inferior, non gracious
Aprashasta raagaRaag for raag; Prashasta raag means raag for vitragta, devotion in prayer for lord, teacher and scriptures. woman, king, thief and food related

gossips and having inclination of attachment for these things are known as aprashasta raag.

Aprasiddhunknown, not famous, unpublished.
AprasukaImpure; Unsterillised
ApratibaddhaIndependent; Free; Without any bondage, without any obstruction
ApratibuddhaAgnaani; Ignorant, ignorant soul, away from spiritual wisdom.
ApratighataUnpreventable; Resistence-free
ApratihataNon-uprooted, unobstructed, irresistible, uninterrupted, unaffected, unimpaired, indestructible, uninjured.
Apratipatinfallibility , non termination, non destroyable
ApratipatiIt is a form of avadhijnana (clairvoyance) which lasts

upto the kevalajnana (omniscience); Infallible

Apratipattinon ascertainment, not understanding, state of being undecided.non performance, failure., default of understanding, agnaan, ignorance.
Apratisthita pratyekaUn-supporting individual plant; Non-parasitic plants; A category of plants
ApratyaakhyaanaMinor vows impeding; Passion which disturbs complete

abstinence; Non-abstinence; Partial-vow preventing

Apratyaakhyaana kashaayaIntenser type of passion which hinders partially; It refers to the kasaayas or passions which inhibit the
Apratyaakhyaani kashaaypartial vow preventing toxic emotions, passions
Apratyakhyana varanaObscuration of partial-rennuciation
ApravichaaImmune to sex; Without sexual desire
Aprayojakwithout any motive, useless.
ApriyaUnpleasant; Not dear
Apruthagbhutabhinn, inseparable
ApunarbandhakThe living being who is now not going to have bondage of karma in intense state.
Apunarbhavmoksha, liberation
Apunaruktnever to be repeated again.
ApurvaNever before; New; Unprecedented; Incomparable; Extra ordinary; Unparalleled
ApurvaarthThe substance which was never been decided with its true nature with right knowledge in the past, is known as apurvaarth. Comprehensive knowledge makes decision regarding such type of apurvaarth. Jis padaarth kaa
pahale kabhi kisi sachche gnaan se nirnay nahi huaa ho use apurvaarth kahate hai. Pramaan gnaan aise apurvaarth kaa nischay kartaa hai. The conceptual knowledge is the second part of the congnitive knowledge ( ihss gnaan mati gnaan ka dushraa bhed hai). The subject of this conceptual knowledge is considered as apurvaarth. – Pariksha mukh chapter 1 sutra 4.
Any substance known by comprehensive knowledge but still there is some doubt, illusion ( erroneous congition) or inconclusiveness (Sanshay viparyay ane anadhyavashay) then also that substance is known as apurvaarth. ( pariksha mukh chapter 1 sutra 5)
ApurvakaranaUnprecedented degree of purity; 8th stage.
ApurvarthaUndecided; Unprecedeted
ApurvavaaniRemarkable special speech beneficial to all souls.
Apvadexception, unique, censure. blame
Apvad lingsoul with attachment
Apvad margaexceptional way, it indicates qualified form of dispassion, characterized by taking food, possession of sacred books, feather wisk (pinchhi) , and gourd (kamandal) and the acceptance of pupils.
ApvargaLiberation; Salvation, completion, fulfillment; absolution, moksha, end, emancipation of soul from bodily existence, exemption from further transmigration, final beatitude
ArahantaEnlightened one; Venerable
ArahnaathEighteenth teerthankara
Arakshaafear of being without protection
Arakshannon protection; non guarding; non defense.
Arambhaja hinsaAccidental / Occupational Violeance.
Arambhatyaga-himsaViolence occurring either accidentally or through the performance of an acceptable occupation.
Aramghtyaga pratimaaModel stage of occupational withdrawal.
Aranyarudancry in the wilderness, vain or wasted efforts
Araswithout any taste.
Arata dhyaanaPainful concentration
AratiDis-pleasure; Disliking; Ennui worship, absence of pleasure; disinterestedness; aversion, hatred
AratiyaLater scholars
Aray, AryikaNoble woman; Nun; Digambar nuns
Ardha-bharaA standard measure
Ardha-karsaA standard measure
Ardha-maagadhiA form of prakira language, language of Jina


Ardha-maniA Standard measure
Ardha-phalakaLioin-clothed monks; An extinct sect; A piece of cloth worn by ancient Jaina monks
Ardhamaagadhi bhaasaIt is the ancient language spoken half the part of the Magadhadesa and it included the 18 dialects.
ArdhanaracaAn osseous structure; Half-Inter-locking and pinning joints
ArdhapalaA standared measure
Ardhapanchama4 ½.
ArdhatulaA standard measure
Ardhpudgala paraavartanaHalf embodiment time cycle ; A time unit
ArghyaVery expensive, auspicious offering for lord.
Arghya or ArghaRespectful offering; Composite offering auspicious offering.
ArhanEnlightened one; Venerable.
ArhatEnlightened one; Venerable.
ArhataFollower of Jainism or Jain
Arihanta(1) Conqueror of internal enemies, such as anger, pride, deceit, greed, jealousy, hatred, intrigue and various other passions; (2) Omniscient lord; omniscient lord with physical body, one who has destroyed all obscuring karma. (3)

Adorable, Karma destroyers; (4) The “Jina” the victor or conqueror; (5) An Omniscient lord with supernatural corporeal body

Arihanta jinaLiterally conqueror of inner enemies like passion,
Arma-samvedanaSelf intuition; Self-experience.
ArpanaAdopted standpoint; Particularity; Perminence, giving, offering; presentation, dedication, entrusting
Arth kriyaapurposeful activity
Arth kriyaa sampannendowed with purposeful activity
Arth vikalpaabstraction (vikalpa) of the self and non self substances, Self and non self to be illuminating at the same time, knowledge
ArthaSubject matter; Substratum; Meaning; Object; Implicit mode; Reality; Dravya Guna and Paryaya are called

Artha; Wealth, vidyamaan vastu, object, substance, self and non self substances, universe is eternal with self and non self substances, It is known as “arth”. (pravachansaar stanza 124). universe, ऋ धातु का अथर् है – गमन करना।. Every attributes stay together so is called arth. other meaning of ऋ धातु is “with whom one gets it”- jenaathi pamaay te. Arth- ऋ धातु का अथर् है – गमन करना। ऋ is the root of the verb. It means to move. Attributes keep on moving continuously forever. Therefor is known as arth.

Artha prakaasaIllumination of object
Artha samayaSystem of reality
Artha-dandaObjective violence; Purposeful violence
Artha-kartaAuthor of the meaning
Artha-paryaayaObject mode (non-spatial); In-distinct mode, guna paryaay, Mode of all the attributes except for “extension in to space” attribute’s mode- without pradeshatva gun ni paryaay, attributive modification, substantive modification. they are of two types: natural substantive modification- swabhaav arth paryaay and alienated arth paryaay – vibhaav arth paryaay. Arth paryaay is also known as guna paryaay (ref: pravachansaar gaathaa 93), modes of infinite attributes. Dravya paryaay means modes of a substance. Arth paryaay means all the modes of attributes except for mode of the substance. Ref: Jain siddhant Praveshika English Q. no. 43
ArthaachaarUnderstanding the meaning and full significance of words, phrases and
texts – Arhthaachaar
Arthaantardifferent substances, Bhinn panu
Arthaapatticonsequences, implication, presumption, inferential knowledge, supposition of the meaning, for example by seeing the flood one makes inference of rain, Postulation, presumption: postulation is valid source of knowledge – pramaan – for Mimaansaa and Advaita school. According to them it is of two types:
1:Postulation from what is heard – Shrut arthaapatti. Example: Some
one heard that city of Kashi is located on river Ganga. One makes implication from this that city can not be on the water. But it has to be on the bank of the river Ganga.
2: Postulation from what is seen – Drashtaa artaapatti. Example: Fat Devdutt does not eat during day.That means implied meaning is to say that he eats at night.
Arthaavbodh visheshknowledge of mode
ArthadhikaraTopic; Chapter
ArthagamaKnowledge from text
ArthanayaIt is that point of view or naya, which is different from vyanjana and is distinguished from the other characteristics like gender, number, time and agency; Objective standpoint importal standpoint, object naya as their nature is to determine object’s Artha samay – system of reality.
ArthantaraUnrelated meaning
ArthavagrahaApprehension; It is determinate confessional stage in which there is the awareness of the sensation.
Arthavbodhઅર્થવબોધની સમજ, અર્થબોધ, meaning of the word or sentence knowledge of a thing, padarth ka gnan..
Arthavbodh samanyaknowledge of soul as substance.
Aruknon ailment
ArupaWithout form
ArupiFormless matter; It has no characteristics of sabda
Arupi ajivaFormless non-living, Non-material non-living.
AryankaNoble people; Civilized people; A human race.
AsaadanaDenying the truth proclaimed by another person by body or speech i.e. disregard of knowledge; Disregard

of knowledge taught by another person; Denial

Asaadhaaranuncommon, Exceptional, Extraordinary, distinct.
Asaadhaaran rupunique property
AsaataavedaniyaUnpleasant-feeling- producing
AsaatanaDisrespect; Completely disrespectful conduct
Asad bhutaImpure synthetic, Expressing unitary ness of distinct entities, non real, wrong
Asadbhaav sambanddhrelated to the transient mode of a substance, related to non real entity
Asadbhutnot existing or present; dead; absent, avidyamaan
Asadbhut vyavahar nayaimpure synthetic practical point of view, empirical point of view expressing unitariness of distinct entities, To establish relationship in two different substances is known as asadbhut vyavahaar naya.,
1:To serve one’s motive, one establishes relationship with two entirely different things is known as asdbhut,
2: To establish relationship with different things is known as vyavahaar and 3:One which makes knowledge regarding this association is the part of right
scriptural knowledge and therefore is known as naya.
To make analogy(upchaar) of one substance in to another, one attribute in to another, one mode in to another mode, substance in to attribute, substance in to mode, attribute in to substance, attribute in to mode, mode in to substance, and mode in to attribute. By these nine things one should know impure synthetic practical point of view – asadbhut vyavahaar naya. (naya rahashya – Abhyakumarji page 155)
Asadbhuta vyavahaara nayaImpure synthetic practical point of view; Non- substantive practical standpoint
Asadgunod bhaavanaDisplay of non-exixing merit
Asadrashya utpaadchanging property of a substance for example the mango keeps on changing from green to yellow etc.
Asahaayhaving no companion, alone; helpless.
AsaiyamaNon restraint; incontinence; indiscipline
AsaiyogaNon association
Asamaan jaati dravya paryaayamode of the two substances of different types, living and non living matter staying together,soul and body to occupy same space units, mode of a substance as a result of association of two different substances.
Asamaan Jaati Vyanjan Paryaaymode of the two substances of different types, living and non living matter staying together,soul and body to occupy same space units, mode of a substance as a result of association of two different substances.
Asamarthincompetent, unable, weak, poor.
Asamartha karanaNon-efficient cause; Incompetent cause
Asamavayi karanaNon-material cause
Asambaddhunconnected, inconsistent; meaningless; improper.
Asambhava dosaImpossibility flaw
AsammohaFree from delusion
Asammudhone simply knows and does not get attached to the fruition of karma and thereby does not become fool by joining with them.
Asamyamnon restraint
Asamyognon association, absence of union
Asamyutnot combined, uncombined
Asandigdhwithout any doubt, clear.
Asangaattachment free, detachment
Asangataabsurd, inconsistent, inappropriate
Asangna aasravinanimate inflow.
Asangniirrational, Non-rational; Non-instinctive; Without mind; Irrational; Not endowed with faculty of reasoning.
Asangni panchendriyafive sense living being without mind, five sense living being without rationality
Asankhyaat aasankhyaatmultiple of innumerable. – non combined, separated.
Asankhyaat bhaag vruddhiinnumerable part increase
Asankhyaat gun haaniinnumerable times decrease
Asankhyaat gun vruddhiinnumerable times increase, innumerable multiply numerable.
AsankhyaataInnumerable; Countless, example given is divide perimeter by diameter. i.e. divide 22 by 7. This will give the number which is given an example for asankhyaat.
Asankirnabhelsel vinaanu, without mixing up with any thing.
Asansaara samapannakaSalvated; Liberated
AsanyamaNon-abstinence; Non-restraint
AsanyataAvirat or without virati
Asanyogabsence of union or connection.
Asanyuktunconnected, uncombined
Asanyuktanon combined, unconnected, uncombined.
AsarananupreksaReffection on utter refugelessness
AsatNon entity, Unreal; False; Non-being; Non-extisting
Asat kriyasinful action
Asat utpaadorigination from non entity
Asat-vedyaPain-causing karma; Pain feeling karma
Asata-vedniyaPain-causing karma; Pain feeling karma
AsatiA measure; Handful of grains
AsatsangAssociation with non religious persons, sinful association, evil association, wicked association
Asattvanon existence
Asatvawithout energy or vigor; worthless, without substance; without merit or goodness. n. non-existence; absence; untruth, falsehood; badness, wickedness.
AsatyaLying; Untruthfulness, unreal, false, untrue; imaginary, unreal. n. falsehood, untruth; unreality; illusion.
Asatya manoyogfalse mind ibration
Asatya vachanyogfalse speech vibration
AsatyaarthAbhutaarth, unreal, improbable, untrue, wrong
AscharyaMiracle; Extraordinary event
Ashaataafeeling of anguish, restlessness, disquiet; uneasiness, agony, pain, torture, suffering, misery, distress, grief, despair
Ashaataa vedaniya karmapain producing karma
Ashaatanaaunholiness; making unholy, defilement.
Ashangfree from attachment
Asharaninsecure, helpless, without shelter
Asharan sharanrefuge of the helpless, God
AshariraDisembodied soul.
AshataFeeling of anguish; Discomfort
AshiFrom of request to leave the temple from guardian deity, May I go for essential duties.
Asho-pravrittakaranaLow-tended operation
Ashraavanatvanature of inaudibility.
Ashraddhaawant of faith, lack of reverence
Ashradhaanwrong perception
Ashtha-mula-gunaEight cardinal principal
Ashubh upyogsoul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness, unwholesome
AshubhaInauspicious, sinful
Ashubha bhavaInauspicious disposition; Inasuspicious sentiments
Ashubha ragaUngracious attachment
Ashuchiunclean, impure, unholy; rendered ceremonially impure owing to birth or death in the family. f. impurity; unholiness.
Ashuchi bhaavanaImpureness, unholiness uncleanliness of the body
Ashuddhunholy, impure; dirty, unclean; incorrect, full of mistakes; dishonest; unconscious.
Ashuddh chetanaakarma (raag dwesh) and karma phal (harsh and shok)anubhuti swarup. experiencing of the inclination of attachment and aversion(karma chetanaa) and also happiness and misery feelings (karma phal chetanaa)
Ashuddh nayapartial point of view from impurity perspective
Ashuddh sadbhut vyavahaar nayaimpure empirical point of view differentiating between virtues and virtuous one
Ashuddh upyogsoul’s auspicious and inauspicious manifestation of consciousness.
Ashuddha nishchaya nayaan absolute view point of impure aspects of soul, in the mode of the soul there occurs cognitive knowledge etc types of inclinations due to annihilation cum subsidence of karma – kshyaayopshamic bhaav – or the inclinations of wrong belief and and of attachment and aversion, to belong to soul is known as ashuddh nishchaya naya.
Ashuddh Nishchay naya: uses in the scriptures is as follow:
1: With association of soul with alien attachments – sopaadhik – ,the attributes and substance – gun gunk – is shown as indivisible. This is ashuddh nishchay naya e.g. cognitive knowledge etc are to be said to belong to soul. (Acharya Devsen, Aalaap Paddhatti)
2: Meaning of “absolute view point of impure aspects of soul” is ben said here:
It is been originated as a result of the fruition of material karma and therefore is known as “impure”. The soul at that time is engrossed like the red hot iron and therefore is known in that state from “absolute point of view”. Therefore soul having “impurity” as well as “absolute” is known as
an impure from absolute point of view. The soul is been engrossed in this “impurity” state. (Brahad Dravya Sangraha tikaa of Bramdev suri)
3: The soul’s inclinations occurring as a result of material karma annihilation cum subsidence – karma kaa kshayopsham- are known as soul’s psychical vitality – bhaav praan. This is known from “absolute point of view of impure aspect of soul” – ashuddh nishchay naya.(Niyamsaar Gaathaa 8 Tikaa).
4: Samaysaar gaathaa 19: “ so long as such an understanding persists regarding oneself that I am karma, I am quasi karma (physical body and other material belongings) and karmic and quasi karmic matter constitutes me, till then the living being is ignorant (apratibuddha)” (ref: Soul science by Paras Mal Agarwal)
5: I become possessor of inclination of attachment and aversion when my modes are directed towards alien things – “Mein raagi dweshi ho letaa jab parinati hoti hai jad ki” (ref: Babu Jugal Kishorji “Yugal” Dev Shastra Guru pujan)
Ashudhdha nayaimpure partial point of view
Ashunyaexistence. shunya means non existence
Ashunyatvamutual existence

Sword; Gout; (Trio of Asi=Penetrating weapon, Masi (tools of writng, pen papers etc, and Krushi= tools of farming)

Asiddhunaccomplished; unproved; incomplete, non existent, unproved, a worldly soul, non attainment of perfection, unestablished, untrue
Asiddha hetuUnproved probans
Asiddhahetva bhaasaUnproved fallacy
AsiddhatvaState of non-salvation
AsidhaaraThe edge of the sword, sharpness of sword
Asimlimitless, boundless; excessive.
Asmprapta srpatika sanhananaLigatured osseous structure.
Asoka prakaasaAsokan red
AspastaLacking vividness; Non-clear
Aspectsparticular part or feature of some thing, dharma like nitya anitya etc., eligibility, yogyataa
AsravaAccumulation, influx, passional dispositions, inflow of karma.
Asrava bhavapassionate dispositions.
Asrayabasis, substratum, repository, support, refuge, shelter.
Asta-dravya pujaEight-substanced worship
Asta-mangalEight auspicious symbols
Asta-mangala dravyaWorship through 8 auspicious substances.
Asta-mula-gunaEight basic restraints; Eight primary qualities (of oay- follower)
Astakbunch of eights
Astam vasudhaaeighth, eighth earth- siddha shila.
AstangaEight limbs/limbed.
AsteyaNontheft; Non-stealing; One of the mahavrats and anuvrats
Asteya anuvrataMinor vow of non-stealing
Asthayiimpermanent, transitory; not lasting
AsthiraRestless; Unstable; A karma
Asti(1) Is (2) Exists (3) existence, (4) positive aspect, positive affirmation, present reality, hai (hindi)
Asti nastiEither is or is not, existence non existence, positive and negative affirmation
Asti nastyEither is or is not, existence non existence.
Asti-avaktavyaIs but is inexplicable
Asti-naastiIs and is not
Asti-naasti-avaktavyaIs not and is inexplicble
Astikaaya(1) Substances having more than one spatial unit or

Astitva Existence isness (2) It refers to the five substances, they are; jiva, pudgala, dharma, adharma and akasa, because the space points of this substance, substance having body of magnitude, asti means existence and kaay means one who occupies more than one space point for its existence, substance with many space points is known as astikaay. substance having body of magnitude

Astikya(1) Affirmation, Spiritual belief, Religiosity, Faith in the

omniscient lords. (2) Faith in Punya and Papa, Supreme Soul parmätmä

AstitvaExistence; Isness; Embodied substance
Astma bhakta8-day fasting
Asubha karmaInauspicious karma
Asubha upyogaSoul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness, unwholesome; Inauspicious manifestation
AsuchiImpurity, unclean, unholy; rendered ceremonially impure owing to birth or death in the family. f. impurity; unholiness.
Asuchitva anupreksaReflection on impurity
Asuddha nischaya nayaA view point of impure aspects of soul
Asudha-yogaInauspicious activity/ incidence
Asudhdha-nayaimpure partial point of view
Asukhunhappiness; restlessness; indisposition.
Asulabhdifficult to obtain
Asundarimproper state, not right.
AsurakumarasA species of peripatetic celestial beings. See Devas.
AsvabalaHorse power
Asvakarna-karanaAttenuation, Horse-ear attenuation
Aswasamvedinot knowing the self.
Aswasamviditnot knowing the self.
AtadabhavaNon identity e.g. absence of each one in substance, attributes and modes even though each one is existing forever
AtadaroopmaypanuSoul does not accept alien things par pana ne grahe nahi
Atadbhaavanon identity e.g. absence of attributes and modes in a substance even though they all are coexisting as part of each others, non identity in appearance and quality of a substance.
Atadroopmaypanusoul does not accept alien things-par panaa ne grahe nahi.
Atanmayone without engrossment of knowledge and perception, gnaan darshan may nahi honaa
AtapaHot effulgence, Hot light, Sunlight, Heat caused by the sun
Atapa bhumiPenance place
Atapa kshetraLighted region
AtapanaBody mortification in heart; An austertity
Atatnon similarity in conception, tenaathi te nathi
Atat swabhaavsoul experiencing alien inclination, , આFમામા+ પર ભાવ Jવde અ’ભવાતા
Atatvanon reality, one which cannot be ascertained, thing which does not have existence, non existence
Atatva Shaktiabsence of transmutability power
AtatvaabhiniveshDesire to get engrossed in worldly things, sansaar ma rachyaa
pachyaa rahevaani vrutti, insisting for wrong thing
Atatvaarthwrong meaning, false meaning, wrong thing
AteendriyaSupersensible; Beyond the reach of senses; Abstract
Athmangal, invocation of blessings
AthaaiEight day fasting
AtiOver; Excessive; Super
Ati-prasangaUnwarrantable stretch
Ati-sayaExcellence; Miracles; The extraordinary specialities that common humans do not have only kevalis can have.
Ati-vyaapti(1) Unwarranted extension; (2) Extension of character beyond the determined object
AtichaaraFaults; Mistakes; Transgression; Infirmity; Violations; Sin of fault, indulgence in the pleasure of world, infraction, transgression of the code of ethics or conduct;
Atichaara / bhangaInfraction; Partial
AtikraantaHaving passed or transgraced; Exceeded; Surpassed Overcome, passed, violated, discarded, violation of rule of conduct, who has crossed the limit.
AtikramaTransgreassion, pollution of the texture of the mind, passing away;
onrush; attack. deterioration of mental purity, violation of jain principles, to pass, to elapse, to pass away,
AtikramanViolation, transgression; encroachment; onslaught, attack, aggression, invasion.
Atikramaniyafit to be transgressed.
AtindriyaExtra-sensory; Parasensory; invisible, Unsensuous, Super sensitive; Intangible, super sensuous
Atindriya gyaanaSuper sensuous intuition
Atindriya sukhaSuper sensible happiness
Atiprasangintimacy beyond proper limits. too much liberty (taken)
AtirekaToo much; More (Adhika)
Atiriktsurplus, very much, excessive; empty, vacant; best, excellent; different, except.
AtishayaThirty-five special attributes of Tirthankaras, additional efficiency. development of extra ordinary personality, excellencies.
Atishaya yuktatranscendental
Atishaya-kshetraThe place associated with some miracle or myth; Miraculous places
Atitpast, Pratyutpann – of present time, vartmaan kaal no(anaagat – of future)
Atit praanabsence of all ten vitalities
Atit praanabsence of all ten vitalities
Atita-paryaaptiAbsence of completion
Atita-pratyutpann aanagataKnowing all the times (past, present and future).
Atithi(1) Guest invited and expected or unexpected

or unexpected; (2) One who may come any time, unexpectedly, without invitation, and is still welcomed

with love and respect

Atithi samvibhaaga vrataSelf less offering to the unexpected guest vow
Atithi-samvibhaagaSharing with guest
Ativyaaptiextension of character beyond the determined object
AtyaachaaraVow violation; Excess
atyanta abhaavabsolute non existence, na hovu te, not to be,
Atyantaabhaava(1) Absolute negation for example, the sky flower or the son of barren women or horns of a rabbit; (2) Absence of one substance into the other substance (3) Absolute non-existence
Atyantika maranaFinal death
Audaarik kay yogphysical body volition
Audaarik sharirphysical body, udaar means gross. Body is called audaarik as it is constituted by gross matter particles. It represents the body of the humans and subhumans.
Audaarik sharir samay prabaddhto accept material particles suitable for audaarik sharir in one samay.
AudarikaGross Body; Physical Body
Audarika angopaagaA karma, Gross limbs and sublimbs.
Audarika shariraPhysical body; Gross body; It refers to the gross body because ‘udara’ means gross.
Audayik bhaavafeeling produced due to fruition of karma manifestation determined by operation of karma, rising phase, The soul’s inclinations born as a result of manifestation of karma, short of spiritual blemish or pollution that comes about at the time of an effective manifestation of karma.
Audayika bhaava(1) Feeling produced due to fruition of karma; (2) Fruitional / realisationl disposition / volition; (3) It is the

state of mind with reference to the effective state origination from the rise of the karmic matter

Aupa-patika sariraInstantaneously manifested body
Aupa-samika bhaavaSubsidential disposition / volition
Aupa-samika samyaktvaSubsidential right faith; Subsidential righteousness
Aupa-samikacharitraSubsidential conduct
Aupaadhikadventions, occurring due to alien belonging, one which does not occur by self.
Aupaadhik bhaavaltered inclinations occurring due to alien belonging. The altered inclination of the soul keeping relationship with fruition of karma.
Aupapaadikthat which rise in upapaada- special bed.
Aupashamic bhaavsoul’s spiritual purification that comes about as a result of complete cessation of manifestation of some karma which is yet in existence, subsidence phase
Aupashamic samyaktasubsidential right faith, subsidential righteousness, subsidence serenity
Aupatti ki buddhiinstantaneous comprehension, intellection which comprehends i instantaneously the true nature of a thing never seen , heard of or reported theretofore and its crowned with unhindered success.
Aupchaarikformal; for the sake of form only; not sincere, honorific, complimentary, not literal, figurative, metaphorical
Ausadhi ruddhiMiraculous power of medication
AutkarikaSplitting type
Autpattiki buddhiInborn intellect
Ava-gadhaOccupancy; Pervasion
Ava-gadharuchiDeep predilection
Ava-gadhavagadhaDense pervasion
AvaadyaUndesirable; Sinful
Avaantar sattaPower to show each and every substance separately, individual existence, partially spread in to a substance is avaantar satta, present only in
one mode. It is also known as swarup sattaa. ek ek vastu maa nischit rahenaari ane swarup astitva ne suchavanaari avatar satta ( niyamsaar gaathaa 34 panchaastikaay gatha 8)).
Avaayjudgement, inspection, ascertainment of specific feature of an object, determinate cognition of a specific characteristic of an object
Avabhaasanto illuminate, to know, vikalpa, to be known, become known; come to light, to shine
AvachchinnaExclusive; Separated
AvadhiWith limits
Avadhi darshanaClairvoyant conation; Clairvoyant perception
Avadhi gnaana(1) Clairvoyant knowledge; (2) Clairvoyance
Avadhi gnanClairvoyance knowledge
AvafahaAccinidatiib; Depth
Avagaahto plunge in to, bathe in, to go deep in to, be absorbed in
AvagaahamattvaAccomodating Tatva
AvagaahanaEngrossed Accomodation, immersion, bathing
Avagaahana hetutvaInstrumental cause in providing accommodation
AvagahanatvaOccupancy; Body size
AvagrahaApprehension; Initial Perception; It is a sensational stage of experience; Space, attention, perception, determinate cognition of the distinctive nature of an object which follows in the wake of indeterminate cognition of pure existence of this subject, an indeterminate cognition which in turn is consequent up on the contact of the sense organ with the object
Avagunavice, demerits,defect, fault; disadvantage; injury, wrong
AvahanamInviting or invoking a deity
AvakasantaraSpace gap
Avaktavyacan not be expressed, Inexpressible; Indescribable; Inexplicable
AvalambanaDependance; Leaning against
AvaliA time unit
AvalikaA time unit
AvalokanaGlance; Seeing; Looking, Seeking, observation; examination; investigation; review
AvamaanaInsult; Length measure
Avamaudarya(1) Partial fasting; (2) Eating only a very small portion

of food (3) Under eating

Avanchakpraamaanik, established by proofs; authentic, authoritative; reliable; true; faithful; honest
Avandhyawithout failure, definitely
Avanithe earth
AvaritaObscured; Covered
Avarnnot included in, out of, the four castes or classes; low; inferior, colorless; not belonging to any of the four varnas of castes, outcaste.
AvarnavaadaIll-speaking; Defaming; Blasphemy
AvasaraOpportunity; Time
AvasarpiniRegressive half of the time cycle; Regressive half cycle; A time unit; Descending half cycle, descending cycle of time.
Avash paneBy force
Avasthaamode, condition, state; one of the stage of life; old age.
Avasthaayiremaining stable.
Avasthanconstancy, dhrovya
AvasthitaImmutable; Fixed; Steady, fixed in number, permanency, uniqueness
Avasthita (dravya)It refers to the substance like pudgala which has a determinate space points, dharma, adharma, lokakasa and jiva have infinite number of space points while pudgala and alokakasa have endless space points. These substances never go beyond their space points hence they re called Avasthita.
Avasthitidhrovy, to maintain
AvastuUnreal, non entity
AvataaraIncarnation; Descendance
AvatanaChange of state; Wandering; Repetition; Reflection
AvataraInvocatory word
Avaya (apaya)(1) Perceptual judgement (2) It refers to the stage of perceptual experience (indriya pratyaksa).
AvayavaParts, part, organ, limb, of the body; member; part of a whole, part; means; (math.) factor.
Avayavipossessing organs, limbs or parts.
Avbhaaslight; knowledge; realization; false knowledge; appearance, manifestation.
Avbhaasakilluminator, knower.
Avibhaaga pratichedaIndivisible corresponding section
Avibhag pratichchhedaindivisibility, exceedingly small, in the single mode of the omniscient lord, multiple universes can be perceived. The smallest part of this indivisible mode is known as avibhaag pratichchheda, A measure to describe the potential of a karmic particle, indivisible corresponding section, potency of karmic dust particle is defined in terms of number of units of different attributes is known as avibhaag pratichchheda
Avibhaktnon partitioned, undivided.
Avibhakt aalochanindeterminate perceptual cognition
Avichalimmovable, fixed, steady; eternal.
Avichchhinnwhole, entire, undivided; continuous, without break.
Avichi-maranaInstantal death
AvidyaIgnorance; Ne-science; False cognitive, ignorance to experience the true nature of self.(vedant darshan)
Avidyamaannot existing or present; dead; absent
AvigrahagatiDirect movement of soul. Vigraha means obstruction or uneven direction. The jiva in its movement gets uneven

direction due to certain obstructions and that is called

vigrahagati. Contrary to this is direct movement, it is called rjugati. So the direct movement of jiva for one samaya is also mentioned as avigrahagati. (2) Non- bending motion, linear motion, motion devoid of bending.

AvikaaraNon change of form or nature, unchangeable,immutable
AvikaariNon disturbing, faultless, passionless
Avina-abhaaviConcomitant characteristics
Avinaabhaav Sambandhabsence of exceptions
Avinaabhaava(1) Universal concomitance, non separable relation, inherent or essential relation; (2) Invariable / Invariant concomitance.
Avinaabhaava krambhaviOrdered or co-existing concomitance
Avinaabhaviconcomitant characteristics
AvinaashiImmortal; indestructible, imperishable; eternal, inexhaustible.
Avinashvarnon destroyable.
Avinayrude behavior; immodesty, incivility; arrogance.
Avipaak nirjarapremature disintegration of karma
Avipaaka nirjara(1) It refers to the karmic matter, which arises prematurely due to certain spiritual efforts, and the karma is destroyed, just as a mango fruit is prematurely
Avirata samyak drasticPartialy-abstained or Non-abstained; Right faithed.
AviratiStrong attachment to the world and worldly things; Non-abstinence (Vowlessness); Absence of moral

discipline; Lack of control; Non restraint; Unbale to abandon violence, material pleasure indulgence, happiness of five senses and mind, non restraint, vowlessness, non discipline

AvirbhaavaManifestation; Emergence; Appearance
AvirodhaWithout any incompatibility
Avisamvaadtrue, one which follows the true knowledge, pramaan ne anusarvaa vaalu, non discrepancy, the coherence between the cognitive and conative activity
Avisamvaadnon discrepancy
Avishadimpure, non clear
Avisheshwithout any difference, common
Avishishtof general nature, not a specific one, non separated in nature.
Avishkardiscovery, invention
Avishtaswayed, engrossed, devoted
Avivakshitnot intended, unimplied,when one makes particular thing as principle thing and makes rest as secondary then it is known as vivakshaa. The secondary thing is known as avivakshit.
AvivekaLack of discrimination
AvivekiNon discriminative
AvrajitaCapable of practicing; Migration
AvrattaNon-vow; Obscured; Covered, lawless, disobedient, not observing religious rites or obligation
AvyaabaadhaUnperturbed; Unperturbable; Undisturbablity
AvyaaptiInadequate pervasion; Too narrow; Non inclusion
Avyabandhattva gunaUndisturbable attribute
Avyaghata maranaFast unto death
AvyaktaImperceptible; Not manifest; Unapparent; Indistinct; Invisible; Non-explicable, not expressed, not clear; un manifest; (math.) unknown; not indicating a specific number. n. Prakriti (n Sankhya philosophy), Nature; Brahman; the Universal Spirit.
AvyayaIndestructible; Inexhaustible; Imperishable, not liable to change, immutable; eternal. n. indeclinable., unchangeable. vyay mean to change avyay means not changing,
AvyayeeOne which does not change; Soul is avyayee
Avyayibhaava samaasaIndeclinable compound
Avyutpannnirdosh, aparaadh rahit, inexperienced; not proficient; (of word) having
no proper or regular derivation; not versed in grammar or linguistics; not learned or well-versed, anadhyvashaan, indecision. inconclusiveness, indecision, inattention, indeterminate cognition, uncertainty e.g. to know in indecision about touching the grass while walking.
AyagapataVotive Slabs
Ayama-visakmbhaLength and breadth
AyanaA time unit, a period of six months, half year
AyasaskirtiDisgrace; A karma
Ayash kirtidishonor, disrepute
AyatachaksuWide-open eye
AyatanaBase; Volume; Residence; Receptacle, careless ness
Ayognon vibration of the space points of soul, static soul.
Ayog gunnon vibration of the space points of the soul
AyogakevaliStatic omniscient; Omniscient with cessation of all activities; Inactive Omniscient
Ayogi kevalistatic omniscient
Ayonikaan emancipated soul
AyopayadardiLoss-gain pointing
Ayuktauntenable , unjustifiable
Ayut siddhinseparable
Äahaaraka shariraMiraculous projectable or translocation body, assimilative body, translocational body which emanates from body of a saint a that sixth gunsthanak stage.
Äarambhi hinsaInjury which happens
Äatma-gnaanaRealization of the self, self consciousness., knowledge of the soul
Äatma-purushaarthaPersonal spiritual effort
ÄdhyaatmikaPertaining to study of Soul or Theological study; Spiritual
ÄgaanavichayaDoctrine oriented righteous meditations; Contemplation on Jina instructions
ÄstikaBeliever in punya Papa and supreme soulis called Astika