Aabhaasa Fallacy (Bhrama)
Aabhinibodhika gnaana Sensory knowledge; Matignaana
Aabhushan ornament
Aachaar Mimaanshaa ethics
Aachaara behavior, conduct; good conduct; sacred precept; rules of conduct prescribed by the scriptures or some authority; good manners, practice
Aachaarya Minister and Head of mendicants; Head ascetic of the holy order of the Jainas; The head of the order of the saints (Sadhus); Supreme head of all saints or ascetics; A Sadhu who has learnt, mastered, taught religious scriptures, follows them, and is now the head
of a Sangh; Head of a mendicant group, spiritual leader and monk-scholar
Aacharan conduct, behavior; character, practice, action, putting into execution
Aacharana Practice dharmaacharana i.e. religion
Aacharvu To conduct
Aadaan-pradaana Give and Take
Aadaana Property; Assimilation (mixing); Accept
Aadaana bhaya Fear of property theft
Aadaana nikshepana samiti (1) Actions careful to others; (2) Careful in lifting and laying down; (3) Carefulness in taking and placing
things; (4) Carefulness in putting clothes and other things on (5) Carefulness in laying and receiving
To receive and place any thing whatsoever after a proper inspection and proper cleansing of dust etc – Adaan Nikshepan Samiti
Aadaataa recipient
Aadanda Sinless activity
Aadara Adore; Respect, honor
Aadarniya deserving respectful treatment, respectable
Aadarvu begin, undertake; receive; respect, honor; welcome; court.
Aadesh order, command; directive; advice; [gr.] substitution of a letter or word for another; [math.] substitution.
Aadesh vashaat subject to spoken words
Aadhaar container, supporter, support, prop; refuge; proof; ground, basis; [phys.] fulcrum; [gram.] receptacle, location, sense of the locative case
Aadhaar aadhey sambandh mutual dependent relationship, relationship of container and contained
Aadhaarabhuta Authentic;Authoritative; Reliable
Aadheya contained, supported
Aadhi Mental distress (one of Adhi, Vyadhi and Upadhi trio
term Aadhi – mental worry, Vyadhi – suffering from disease and Upadhi – problem of old age)
mental anguish, psychological illness
Aadhina Subjugated; Obedient; Submission; Dominate
Aadi With beginning;Beginingful. first, of the beginning, initial; chief, premier; original; of the earliest time; beginning; primary, original, cause; [math.] first term.
Aadi purush first progenitor or ancestor of a clan or family; Vishnu; Brahma, the Creator.
Aadiman With beginning;Beginingful.
Aadinaatha Risabha The first tirthankara of the Jaina order, who was not only the first monarch on earth, but was first in all respects, because of which he is called Adinaatha, or Lord of
Genesis. He taught men arts and crafts and gave them the first Canons and the Brahmi script.
Aadinnadana See Adattadana
Aaditya the sun; any one of the twelve sons of Aditi; the number twelve (12).
Aadodaai crookedness; obstinacy, waywardness; intransigence
Aadya first; primeval; original
Aagaar exceptions
Aagam padddhati where there is description of transmigration and also karma bondage. auspicious, inauspicious, inflow bondage and non living description comes then it is known as agam paddhati. In Aagam paddhati there is karma related description comes. ( parmarth vachanika chapter 4 aagam and adhyaatma mein anantata).
The non living material karma and with the association of it there is inclination of infatuation in the soul is known as karma paddhati or aagam paddhati. This is the pathway to transmigration.
According to Niyamsaar ( page 24 in Kaaran Shuddh paryaay book) aagam paddhati means it is the one which deals with the transient nature of the mode. Soul has capacity in its mode to make deluded state. This information is there in aagam paddhati.
Aagama Jain Scripture; Jain Canonical literature; Original
Scriptures of Jain Religion; It is testimony of an authority that is pure and perfect; It is aptavachana; Verbal testimony scriptural knowledge, Aagam means nature of the substance- vastu ka swabhav ko agam kahate hai. (parmarth vachanika mokshmarg prakashak page 342). Principles as depicted in the scripture is known as aagam. Aagam paddhati means the tradition coming from time infinite in the past
( parmarth vachanika par gurudev shri ke pravachan page 39), Vastu no
swabhav te aagam, karma paddhati te aagam, paryaay swabhaav is known as aagam. What has come down from tradition.
The written form of the nature of the universal substances as propagated by Omniscient Lord. (Ref: Shrimad Rajchandra Vachanaamrut page 761)
Aagama pramaana Supported by Lord Tirthankar’s divya-dhwani or Jinvani; Scriptural proof
Aagamaabhaasa False/Pseudo-scriptures, fallacy due to scriptures: With inclination of attachment and aversion and with infatuation when one is making discourses is known as fallacy of scriptures. e.g. kids, please run to the river bank as there is heaps of sweets. He wants to get rid of kids. This sentence thus is with infatuation. There are hundreds of elephants sitting at the tip of a finger. (Ref: Pariksha mukh chapter 6)
Aagamana Induction
Aagamana Induction
Aagantuk coming all of a sudden or uninvited; adventitious; strange. m. guest; traveller; chance visitor.
Aagiyo glow-worm; kind of white juwar; a disease attacking it; a plant which causes a burning sensation if touched, ammanina vesicatoria; the king of ghosts or evil spirits, Vetal.
Aagnaa order, command; permission, revelation, discipline
Aagnaa aaraadhan adoration of command
Aagnaa ruche Instructional predilection(predisposition in favor of something)
Aagnaankit obedient
Aagrah earnest desire, earnestness; importunity, pressure; strong determination; insistence; obstinacy
Aahaara Meal; Food; Intake of food; Nourishment; Intake
Aahaara daana Food donation
Aahaara hetu Purpose of food
Aahaara mudraa A monk with his thumb and four fingers of right hand for begging food is called food pose.
Aahaara sangnaa Food instinct, animate feelings for food
Aahaara varganaa Intake variform; Food variform; Body making, a kind of karmic molecule causing body formation
Aahaarak mishra kaay yog vibration in the soul’s space points during completion of aahaar sharir
Aahaarak sharir angopaang primary and secondary parts of aahaarak sharir
Aahaarak sharir bandh bondage of aahaarak varganaa for formation of assimilative body
Aahaarak sharir naam karma prakrtuti a type of physique making karmic nature causing formation of translocational body- assimilative body
Aahaaraka Assimilating; Capable of taking (gas, light, or liquids) into a solution; Assimilative; Projectable body
Aahaaraka kaayayoga Activity of translocational body
Aahaaraka labdhi Extra-ordinary power of translocation
Aahaaraka samudghaata Translocational body emanation/extrication
Aahaarana Invocation; A prayer asking God’s help as part of a
religious service; Invitation, desire to invite the holy one.
Aahaarank varganaa a kind of karmic molecule causing body formation
Aahaarya brought it from out side, artificial,
Aahvaanan invocation, invitation, desire to invite the holy one
Aakaankshaa desire, hope; aspiration; [gr.] expectation, expected presence, of word necessary to complete a sense.
Aakaar form, stature, shape, self and non self substance, their attributes and modes ( pravachansaar gatha 124)
Aakaasha dravya Space substance
Aakaashgami Walking in sky
Aakar granth reference book (of information)
Aakhyaan tale, story, (esp. mythological); legendary story.
Aakultaa perplexity, mystified, confused, happiness associated with restlessness.
Aalamban support, prop; shelter.
Aalingan embrace, clasp
Aalochan intuition, intuitional recognition, perceptual cognition,
Aalochanaa Repent; Criticize, soul’s experience of separation from the fruition of karma in present state, self criticism, confession, the report of sin committed.
Aalochanaa praayaaschit repentance for self criticism
Aalochanaa shuddi modification by criticism
Aalochavu to know and not to join in the fruition of karm a. – embrace, clasp
Aalochit one who has confessed his faults
Aalok prakaash, light,
Aamnaay the Vedas; the Vedas inclusive of the Brahmanas, the Upanishdas and the Aranyakas; religious sect or doctrine; good manners, etiquette; tradition, usage.
Aanayan bringing; sacred-thread ceremony
Aankichanya Possessionlessness; Non-attachment
Aanth drasti eight stages of personality growth. Eight stages of evolution
Aanupurvi naam karma migratory form of body karma
Aanupurvi puva Regular order
Aapadaa calamity; danger; sorrow; difficulty
Aapt – authentic, related; connected by consanguinity or affinity; reliable, trustworthy; authoritative; obtained, acquired. m. trustworthy, reliable, authoritative,
Aapt kise kahate hai? Who is called the trustworthy soul? Jo pratyaksha gnaan se samast padartho ka gnaataa (sarvagna) hai aur param hitopadeshi hei, vah aapt hai. One who has knowledge of all the objects with his direct knowledge
( experienced knowledge) and one who gives discourses for helping others is known as trustworthy soul – aapt. Arihants are aapt.
One who knows all the universal substances and then lets others know about the nature of these substances in right manners is “aapt”. (ref. Shrimad Rajchandra Vachanaamrut page 761)
Aapt is the one who has obtained complete passionless state and also is all knower and giving discourses to others to further their spirituality is known as aapt. Vitraagi, sarvagn ane hitopadeshi ne aapt kahevaay chhe. He is without 18 faults like hunger thirst etc. ( Ratnakand Shraavakaachaar slok no 5)
Aapta One who has attained spiritual authority; Authentic; The authentic authoritative source of true scriptures i.e. (Arahanta, Jina Kevlin, Teerthankara).
Aapta mimaanshaa The creation of the scripture by Swami Samanthbhadra. It describes Tirthankar’s sarvagnataa and also syaadvaad principles are explained
Aaraa One of the six divisions of time in one half of the time cycle. Runs from thousands to billions of years. We are currently in the 5th ara of the descending half of the time cycle, which started some 2500 years ago.
Aaraadhak one who is worshipping, worshiper, aspirant
Aaraadhan adoration, worship; propitiation
Aaraadhanaa worshiping, worship; service, (1) Acts or activities specifically religious of achieving or accomplishing desired religious or spiritual goals; (2) Divine service; (3) Worship to lord; (3) Adoration to lord; (5) Strong admiration; (6) Kriya
Aaraadhya one who gets worshipped.
Aaradhaka Worshiper: Aspirant
Aarambh samaarambh to inflict violence to animal is aarambh and to acquire the material to inflict violence is known as samaarambh
Aarambha Commencement; Activities of cutting act; Sinful activities and Occupation; Commence or Commencement; Commission, beginning, start, preparation; undertaking, to inflict violence to animal, to perform act of violence, wherever is aarambh, there is parigrah. Aarambh and parigrah are ekaarth vaachi.
Aaratee Waving lamps; Ennui i.e. The feeling of being bored by something tedious; Worship of idol with waving lamp; The Lamp waving ceremony before idol
Aarjava Straightforwardness unavoidably in the performance of various duties and rituals
Aarop imputation, accusation; charge of guilt
Aaropan attributing the properties of one thing to another; accusation, charge; founding, establishing; planting.
Aaropavu attribute the properties of one thing to another; ascribe; put a false charge on, accuse; string, thread, beads etc.; insert; plant, implant; apply, devote.
Aaropi the accused
Aaropit aupaadhik rupe, altered inclination due to alien belonging
Aarta Sorrowful
Aarta dhyaana The lowest form of meditation as identified by the Jains. Its object is two-fold: a desire to get rid of an undesired thing, and a desire to get back a dear and coveted thing. This characterizes the thinking of all human beings.
Aarthic prayojan, motive
Aartra pain, trouble
Aartra dhyaan painful meditation, painful concentration, mournful concentration
Aarya Noble people; Civilized people; A human race.
Aarya bhumi place where noble persons live.
Aarya desa Arya land or basically India
Aarya-staya Noble truth
Aarya-vachana Nobleman’s teaching; Novel teaching
Aaryaa respectable woman, woman of a noble family
Aaryaahaa tirthankar, gandhar, acharya, upaadhyaay, muni, pancham gun sthan varti shraavak, samkiti jiv
Aaryikaa female ascetic
Aasaadana Disregard, denial, disregard for knowledge
Aasakti attachment, deep love
Aasana posture, Asana literally means ‘seat’ but in broader
sense they refer to various body postures. Patanjali dwells only on seating postures in Yog Sutra.
Aasana-pana-khadim-swadim Four food items as follows:
Bread, rice that constitute the main meal
All drinks, Fruits, Betel, chewing spices taken after meal, jaggery, honey, etc.
Aashankaa doubt, suspicion; apprehension, the inclination that the thing which is been told is not understood by me.
Aashcharya surprise, wonder; wonderful incident, miracle, marvelous
Aashcharyakaarak surprising, wonderful
Aashrama Life stage (total four); Hermitage
Aashrava (1) Influx; (2) Accumulation; (3) Passional dispositions; (4) Inflow of karma; (5) See Navatattva; (6) nflux of karmic matter towards a soul to stick with it; (7) Influx of the karmic matter into the soul passionnel disposition (8) Karmic influx ne of the nine tattvas
Aashrava anupreksaa Influxal reflection
Aashrava bhaava Passionate dispositions
Aashrava-nirodha Cessation of in-flux
Aashravadvara Channels for in-flux; Influx doors
Aashraya Refuge; Shelter; Support; Basis; Substratum; Repository; Support;
Aasrav inflow
Aasravan coming, arrival
Aasray shelter, refuge, support, temaa tenaathi thaay chhe ane par thi nathi thaatu Aashray rup- supporter
Aasrit dependent
Aasthaa Faith; Trust; Belief, leaning
Aastikya faith in Omniscient lord, holy scriptures and enlightened true teachers
Aasvaad tasting; enjoying, eating
Aataap inauspiciusness , paap
Aatam-raksaa Self protection, self restraint from karmic bondage
Aatap warming light
Aatm aadhinataa self dependency
Aatm aashrit to protect the soul by perpetual judgements
Aatm bhaava dispositions of the self, aatma tatva
Aatm bhut integral, identical, integral virtue, self natured, indigenous quality
Aatm brahm omniscient lord, all knower soul
Aatm dravya soul substance
Aatm gnaani self enlightened
Aatm hanan self deterioration
Aatm hatyaa suicide
Aatm kalyaan happiness for soul, prosperity of soul, welfare of soul, well beings of soul
Aatm linataa self absorbedness
Aatm maya nij swarup, own natural self
Aatm nishth concerned with self subjective, engrossed in the self, experiencing the true nature of the self.
Aatm prabhaavnaa influence of the pure soul
Aatm pradesh space points of soul
Aatm prashansaa praising one self, self praise
Aatm pratipatti knowledge of the soul. to know the self.
Aatm pratiti self intimation, path to salvation
Aatm pratyaksh self perception by soul, introspection
Aatm pravaad a type of scriptural knowledge, 7th purva out of 14 in which there is detail description of the soul substance.
Aatm raksha deities who are like body guards Aatm rakshaa – self restraint from karmic bondage.
Aatm rakshit self protected, a type of special heavenly deity – lokaantik dev
Aatm samaadhi self absolute meditation
Aatm samutth something – bliss or fault originated from soul.
Aatm samvitti spiritual intuition, a substitute name for nischay moksh marg.
Aatm sanskaar self improvement
Aatm sham self subdue, self conquerer
Aatm shraddhaan self respect with self devotion
Aatm sukh spiritual happiness or joy.
Aatm swaasthya steadiness in spiritual health and behavior
Aatm swabhaav real nature of the soul. self form of soul
Aatm swasthya steadiness in spiritual health and behavior
Aatm tatva vitaraagi swabhaav roop parinaman, the passionless mode of the eternal true nature of the self is aatma tatva, aatma bhaav., swa samay, soul.
Aatm vadh suicide
Aatm vash self controlled
Aatm vyavahaar conception of self consciousness
Aatm yagna a supreme sacrifice act of purifying soul.
Aatma chikitshak self doctor, one who cure one self
Aatma darshan self intuition, introspection
Aatma ghaat suicide
Aatma gn those having knowledge of the self soul or having complete spiritual knowledge
Aatma hita Welfare of the self or soul, welfare of the self, benefiting self
Aatma jaagruti alertness about true nature of soul
Aatma laabh the substance which has existence. This existence is of two types:
eternal and transient.
Aatma linataa Self absorbedness
Aatma mukh hetvaabhaas a fallacy in expressing self, swa vachan baadhit e.g. my mother is childless
Aatma prasansaa Praising one self, self praise
Aatma rupa Self mode; Like; Similar; Identical
Aatma vaadi Believer in the self
Aatma-chikitsaka Self-Doctor
Aatma-gata Subjective, self subjective, Characteristics of the soul
Aatma-nindaa Self-condemnation; Self–deprecation
Aatmaa Living being; Soul; Self; Spirit
Aatmaa aashrita Based on soul
Aatmaa bhaava Dispositions of the self, aatma tatva
Aatmaa bhuta Integral; Identical, integral virtue, self natured, indigenous quality
Aatmaa dhyaana Engrossed in self meditation, self consciousness
Aatmaa gnaana Self consciousness, knowledge of the soul
Aatmaa gnaani Self enlightened
Aatmaangula a finger measurement, 108th part of full height of man, Breadth of self finger; 108th part of body height; A length unit
Aatmaanubhava Self experience, self realization
Aatmaanupaalan to protect the soul by perpetual judgements
Aatmaanushaasan self discipline
Aatmaartha The interest or benefit of the soul
Aatmaarthi aspirant for soul
Aatmabhraanti A wrong sense about self (soul) or not knowing the one’s own self, Regarding the nature of the soul one having delusion, error, mistake, wrong notion, false idea; suspicion, doubt, mirage, swarup nu ayathaarth gnaan ej bhraanti chhe.
Aatmabhuta laksana Inseperable differentia
Aatmakhyaati a treatise written by aachaarya Amritchandra. in this scripture there is commentary of Samaysaar and has been presented in sanskrit. The literal meaning of this word is identification (khyaati) of soul or to highlight of soul
Aatmapada Moksha or salvation
Aatmarthi Aspirant for soul
Aatmasaata Aatma grahana; To learn the knowledge by soul, assimilated or absorbed knowledge
Aatmasama Self-subduer
Aatmashraya selfness.
Aatmasiddhi Self-realisation
Aatmasraya doshha Self dependence flaw
Aatmasukha Inner happiness, spiritual happiness or joy.
Aatmaswarupa Nature of Soul, self – form of soul.
Aatmavaada Doctrine of soul, a doctrine of identity regarding pervasion of soul every where
Aatmavikaasa Self-upliftment
Aatmic sukh spiritual pleasure or bliss
Aatmiy swarup self form of soul
Aatmiyataa sense of belonging to oneself; self-identification; individuality; self- consciousness; egotism.
Aatmoplabdhi achievement of spiritual stage of soul
Aatmottpann internal bliss
Aatur desirous
Aatyantik kshay annihilation of karma.
Aatyantik Suddhi utter purity of soul Aayat – mode
Aavaagaman transmigration, arrival and departure
Aavaarya Appropriate to cover
Aavaasa Residential dwellings
Aavali countless samays make one aavali, a measure of time, a time unit
Aavali uday fruition of karma in avali
Aavali vrund a set of avalis.
Aavaran lid, cover; obstacle, obstruction, veil, obscuration. shield, covering, shield,protection
Aavartan moving round and round; repetition, repeating; reading or reciting(some book, etc.) again and again
Aavashyak karan see aayojya karan
Aavashyaka Essential Duties; Essentials; Dispassionation devices; Scriptures, householder has six essential duties: worshipping god, serving monks, self study, self restraint, austerity and charity. Jin puja, guru sevaa, swadhyaay, sanyam, tapa and daan.
Aavasyakaparihani Regular performance of dispassion devices/essential duties.
Aaveg force, vigor; agitation; distraction; vehemence; passion; haste, impatience; momentum
Aavesh vigor, force; exuberance of feeling; anger, fury; passion.
Aavirbhaava Appearance, manifestation; birth, incarnation, pragatikaran, avtaar, janma,Avirbhav, emergence, appearance,
Aavirbhoota Realize
Aavrata To cover
Aavrutt covered, bended
Aayaam to spread, to increase
Aayambila An austerity with single item food; Tasteless food.
Aayat length. in sequence e.g. modes., extended, large.
Aayat saamaanya samudaay substance having eternal infinite modes, trikaali paryaay no samudaay.
Aayat vishesho eternal modes. modes of past present and future
Aayojikaa karan see aayojya karan
Aayojya karan With extraordinary spirituality one is in auspicious activities, soul is looking interiorly to expend his own auspicious karma.
Aayu Age; Longevity; Life-span, duration of life
Aayu-karma Karma that determines the span of a given lifetime; Longevity-determining karma, life span determining karma, life span determining karma
Aayushya Longetivity; An aghati karma that determines how long you will live
Abaadhaka Unrestrained; Unimpeded,etymology
Abaadhakaala (1) Induction period; (2) Quiescence; (3) The time karma has not come to active state i.e it is dormant; (4) It refers to the duration of time between the bondage of the karma and the fruition of the karma i.e., the potential state of the karmic effect, after karma bondage there is certain time that karma will not come in fruition and that is its abaadhaa kaal. For example if the karma are bonded for one krodakrodi saagar the karma will not come in fruition after bondage for 1000 years, non fruition state in karma after bondage.
Abaadhit unimpeded, unobstructed, innocent, without any obstruction, irrefutable, undeniable.
Abaddh nokarma non bonded quasi karma
Abadhdha spasta not bonded, not touched.
Abadhita: With no contradiction of the probandum
Abadhitavisayatva: Absence of contradiction of the probandum
Abandha Non subject to bondage
Abhaasa Non-language
Abhaav bhaav shakti Due to this power present in a substance, the mode which is going to come in future does come at a prescribed time. 36th shakti. In the past there was absence of right faith mode and at present time this right faith mode is generated. This is abhaav bhaav.
Abhaav shakti Due to this power, in each substance, besides the present mode, there is no other mode arising. – 34th shakti. At present there is mode of right faith and there is absence of wrong faith of the past and also omniscient mode of the future in this present time is abhaaav shakti.
Abhaava Non-existence; Negation; Absence; Non-being, negative aspect, negation. there are four types: praag abhaav- prior non existence, pradhvansh abhaav – future non existence
Abhaavaabhaav shakti because of this power present in a given substance, a mode which is not suppose to be present at a given time, does not come. 38th shakti. At the time of present right faith mode there is absence of the wrong faith mode is abhaavaaabhav
Abhakshya not fit to be eaten; prohibited as an article of food.
Abhaksya Non-edible, not fit to be eaten; prohibited as an article of food.
Abhakti want of confidence or trust, distrust., avishwaas, ashradhdhaa
Abhavya Incapable for liberation; Non- liberatable; One who is incapable of attaining moksha
Abhavya jiva The soul or person, who is not capable of liberation; Unable to liberate from the mundane existence
Abhavya: One who is incapable of attaining moksa
Abhaya Freedom from fear
Abhayadaana (1) Assurance of safety; (2) Securital donation; (3) A

promise of gift of Non-intimidation.

Abhayantara tapa Internal austerity
Abhed Bhaav feeling of identity
Abhed Bhaavanaa feeling of identity
Abhed drasti identical perception
Abhed maarg path of monism.
Abhed vaad monism
Abheda (1) Identity;(2) Compactness;(3) Closeness; (4)Identical; (5) Indivisible; (6) Unity

identity,without difference or distinction; identical; similar; undivided, oneness; absence of difference of distinction; similarity, non duality, identical, Abhed in samaysaar is used mainly in the form of modal perspectives. Even though modes and substance are two separate things as per their own characteristics are conceded. Substance is eternal truth and mode is transient truth. But at the time of self experience, there is identical form is seen. There is no difference of mode and substance perceived. This is abhed. It is from modal perspective. Akhand is from attributes perspectives and abhed is from modal perspectives.
without difference or distinction; similar, oneness; absence of difference of distinction; similarity, non duality, indistinct, uniformity.

identity,without difference or distinction; identical; undivided, oneness;

Abhedavrtti: Identifying by transference of epithet
Abhedopacara: Making identical aspect predominant
Abhedya impenetrable, that can not be pierced; impervious
Abhi Express
Abhidheya Subject matter; To be expressed, to be spoken, to be mentioned, signification, meaning, subject matter, vivakshaa, kathani kahevaa yogya panu, to be designated, to be expressed, to be named
Abhigama Knowledge
Abhigata Acquired
Abhignaan recognition; remembrance, recollection; sign or token of recognition
Abhigraha Secret resolution; Mental resolve; Resolution; Express the insistence
Abhigraha: Resolution
Abhigrahika (1) It is the state of mind, which is dogmatic, and which affirms that a particular view is right and all other are wrong; (2) It is the form of mithyatva or dogmatic assertion
Abhigrahita Deliberate; It is the mithyatva or perversity of belief,

which is acquired due to the teaching of others.

Abhikshan Gnaan upyog the attentive consciousness occurring after right faith
Abhikshna-Jnanopayoga: Ceaseless pursuit of right knowledge.
Abhiksna Repeated; Perpetual
Abhilaashhaa Desire, great longing, strong desire; ambition
Abhilaashi desirous, longing.
Abhimat desired, desirable; dear, liked, agreeable; approved, acceptable
Abhimukha To tend or incline towards something say religion, with face turned towards, facing; disposed or inclined to; going near, approaching, approaching puberty, marriageable disposed to, intended to, ready for, in the direction of, in front of, in presence of,
Abhimukhataa Mind towards
Abhimukhibhuta being in presence of, being favorable to
Abhimukhikaran turning the face towards, addressing
Abhimukhikaran turning the face towards, addressing
Abhimukhikri to turn the face towards, address, to to cause to turn face towards, push forward
Abhinandan congratulation, felicitation, felicitous eulogy; approval.
Abhinandananaatha Fourth Teerthankara
Abhinandaniya deserving congratulation, applause or approval
Abhinandavu congratulate, greet; rejoice at, take delight in
Abhinibodha/mati Inferential Knowledge; Sensory Knowledge, mati,smruti sangna and chintaa all four are known as abhinibodh, Abhi means specific- vishesh and nibodh means knowledge, mati gnaan,
perceptual knowledge
Abhinigraha Taken up; Grasp; Restrain
Abhinivartana Get rid of
Abhiniversa Attachment; Obstinacy
Abhinivesh abhipraaya, motive, intention, purpose, firm attachment, devotion; being wholly absorbed in, absorption; determination; obstinacy, inner intentions
Abhiniveshik irrational, vivek rahit, nyaay viruddh
Abhinn unbroken, whole; not separate or different, identical; one, one and the same; whole.
Abhipraaya Notion;Opinion; Belief, motive, intention, meaning ,opinion; purpose, intention, intended meaning, sense, motive, Ansh mein anshi kaa aarop karnaa. To put accusation for a main substance by seeing its one part only, Abhipraaya word is used in Dhavalaa granth as follow: One knows the substance fully in the form of pramaan- complete knowledge and then to determine the nature of the substance from one angle is known as abhipraaya or naya. – pramaan se gruhit vastu ke ek desh me vastu ka nischay karnaa hi abhipraaya hai. Pandit Todarmalji in Moksha Maarg Prakaashak uses the word abhipraaya as faith and conviction – shraddhaa and pratiti
Abhipret ist, meant, intended; desired, wished; accepted, approved
Abhipsita: Desirable
Abhirama Enjoy
Abhisambhuta Embryo stage
Abhisanjata Fetus stage
Abhisava Intoxicating food
Abhiseka: Anointing ceremony
Abhishek anointment, sprinkling or bathing with holy water; bathing, ablution;
coronation, annointation
Abhishheka (1)Annoint; (2) Administer an oil or ointment to often in a religious ceremony of blessing; (3) Anointing ceremony; (4) Anointment i .e. The act of applying oil,

or other oily or similar liquid to Lord’s idol; (5) Anointing ceremony; (6) Bathing

anointment, sprinkling or bathing with holy water; bathing, ablution;
coronation, annointation

Abhisht praiseworthy
Abhisinchan abhishek, annointation.
Abhitaapa Distress; In front of sun or fire
Abhiyogi bhavanaa Desire of performing miracles (by monks).
Abhiyukta Keeping under control
Abhoktrutva power of non indulgence
Abhraanti non illusion
Abhudaya Worldly prosperity
Abhut non existent, not true, not real, false
Abhutaarth unreal, improbable, untrue, wrong
Abhutaarth naya nature of practical point of view, vyavahaar naya, asatyaarth naya, upchaar naya, asuddh naya
Abhutartha Unreal, improbable, untrue, wrong
Abhuti na hovu te, not to be
Abhyaantara Internal
Abhyaantaropadhi Renounciation of internal
Abhyaanugata Permitted
Abhyakhyaana Malign; Evil or harmful in nature or influence
Abhyantaar pratipatti to illuminate the self
Abhyasta: Habituated
Abhyuhana: Process of understanding
Abhyutthana Embrace (respectful); Rise
Abrahma Incontinence; Indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
Abrahma-varjana: Abandonment of all incontinence
Abrahma: Unchastity.
Abrahmacharya Unchastity; Abstinence, going away or deviating from the right course; adultery; lapse from duty;
Abrahmavarganaa Abandonment of incontinence
Abuddhi purvak raag unintentional passions. non perceivable passions, non perceivable toxic emotions
Abudhdhi gochara Cannot be perceived at the intellect level
Acaksurdarsana: Perception by means of the senses other than visual
Acara: Conduct
Acarya: Head of a mendicant group; spiritual leader; monk-scholar
Achaarya Pujyapaad Swami was there in 5th century. His scriptural creations are: Sarvarth siddhi,(tatvaarth vrutti), Samaadhi tantra, Istopadesh, Jainendra vyaakaran, Dash bhakti.
Achakshu Non-ocular
Achakshu darshana Non-ocular perception; Non-visual or non-ocular conation, Perception except for vision
Achakshu-darshanavarana: Non-Ocular-Conation-Obscuring
Achaksudarsanavarana Non-visual conation obscuring
Achaksurdarshana Perception by means of the senses other than visual
Achala Invariant; Stable; Everlasting; Immutable; Action less; Immovable; Indisputable; Absolute; Undeniable
Achala matra Invariant Mass
Achalataa Being immobile
Achalavali Invariant trail
Achalavali The time of incapability of fruition; Fruitional incapability period
Achalekya Clothlessness, one without any clothes, one who is naked
Achamaka Boiled water
Achamla Sour food; Single item food; Light food
Achar non movable objects
Acharitra Devoid of right conduct
Acharvatva Good conduct quality
Acharya-Bhakti: Devotion to Acharyas or Heads of the Orders of Saints.
Achaurya Non-stealing
Achauryanuvrata Vow of non theft; Vow of non-stealing
Achchhindhaaraa non stop flow
Achelaka Monk without cloth; Non-clothed; A-clothed, one without any clothes, one who is naked
Achestaa Without activity
Acheta In-animate; Non-living; Lifeless, without life; unconscious
Achetana Inanimate; Insentient; Non consciousness; non metal; Material; Non metal
Achintya (1) Inconceivable; (2) Incomprehensible; (3) Inconceivable form or action; (4) Beyond thinkin
imagining capacity (5) Unthinkable
Achitta In-animate; Non-living; Lifeless
Achittakarana Sterlisation; In-animation; De-animation
Achyut not fallen or moved from its place; firm; imperishable, steady. m. God Vishnu
Adad અડદ માષ kind of pulse, black beans, phaseolus radiatus
Adama-nirjara: Equanimous submission to the fruition of karma
Adana-niksepana-samiti: Care in the picking up and putting down of any object
Adarshana Lack of Knowledge; Non-conation; Non-faith
Adarshana parisaha Non-faithful afflication
Adattadana Appropriation of non-given; Accepting not given; See also vratas
Adattadana-virati: Not taking anything which has not been given; identical to asteya-vrata
Adattadanavirati Abstinence from taking of not given
Adattahara Taking of food not given
Adatti selfish
Adavaita Nondual; Monism
Adbhut wonderful; extraordinary. miracle; wonder, wonderful thing
Addhasamaya Ultimate time unit, time; It refers to time or the indivisible part of time
Addhi 2-1/2 Two and one-half
Adesa Enquiry; Investigation
Adeya Lustrous body; A karma credible speech.
Adeya: Impressive; appearance such as may affect others.
Adhah karan beginning of process of self meditation through which the soul attains to some degree of purity leading to self realization.
Where the dispositions of prior and posterior moments are uniform, it is called Adhah-Karana (slow progressive thought activity). For example, the dispositions of
some particular Jiva in the first moment of that Karana were having less purity; afterwards, moment after moment, the purity in dispositions went on increasing infinite times progressively. And whatever types of dispositions he may be having in the second-third, etc. moments, similar dispositions can be found
in some other Jiva in the first moment and the purity
indisposition’s of these other Jivas maybe increasing moment after moment infinite times progressively in comparison to the first Jiva. Such is the state of dispositions in Adhah-Pravritti Karana.
There, the duration of Adhah-Karana is one Antar-Muhurta wherein four essentials take place:
(i) moment after moment infinite times by one Antar-Muhurta at every moment, this is Sthiti- Bandhaapasarana (reduction in duration of bondage),
(iii) the fruition of auspicious Prakritis (karmas) goes on increasing by infinite times more at every moment and
(iv) the fruition-bondage of inauspicious Prakritis goes on decreasing by infinite part at every moment; thus the four essentials take place.
Adhaha Downward, Karana (slow progressive thought activity)
Adhahakarma Injurious actions
Adhaka A measure; 3,729 kg.
Adhakala It is the duration of time from the bondage of the karma to the rise of the karmic effect
Adhamaadham meanest of mean
Adharma (1) Demerit; (2) Anti-ether i.e. Medium of Rest; (3) Unrighteousness; (4) The unrighteous attitude which is responsible for the downfall of the soul in the spiritual path (5) Gravitation/non-religion; irreligion; impiety; sin, wickedness; immorality; injustice; that which ought not to be done, the reverse of duty; action of conduct contrary to scriptures.
Adharma-dravya: The principle of rest
Adharma: Principle of Rest
Adharmadravya Principle of rest
Adharmashtikaaya Anti-ether
Adhdhaasamay smallest unit of time, the time substance
Adheya Contained; Supported
Adhhi Two and a half; 2-1/2
Adhigama (1) Sense experience of the objects; (2) Knowledge; (3) Acquisition of knowledge by external source
acquisition; getting; study, knowledge, mastery; acceptance, acquisition of knowledge by external sources.
Adhigama para Knowledge by teacher or other guru etc.
Adhigama sva Knowledge by self
Adhigama: preaching of another.
Adhigamaja: Grahita, right faith derived from teaching or other’s preaching
Adhik more; additional. figure of speech allied to hyperbole
Adhik maas additional, extra, month; intercalary lunar month recurring after an interval of 32 months, 16 days, one hour and 36 minutes (also called)
Adhikaar authority; power, domination, control; ownership; right, title; privilege; claim; ability, competence, qualification or authority for performing certain duties, etc.; jurisdiction; position, dignity, rank; section; chapter; head of governing rule which exerts a directing influence on other rules.
Adhikaar kshetra sphere of authority, jurisdiction
Adhikarana Locus; Substratum or sublayer, the place in which the cause operates, it is the one whose help is needed to perform the deed. One’s support is needed to perform the deed is knkown as adikaran-jena adhare karya thay te, supporting stage, basis of action, supporter, receptacle, place; sense of location, locative case; government of grammatical relation; authorization; court, tribunal.
Adhikarana: Dependance
Adhikaraniak Instrumental; Locative
Adhikaraniki-kriya: having weapons of hurtfulness.
Adhikrut appointed; authorized; possessing authority, authoritative
Adhipati king; superior; governor. editor of a newspaper
Adhisahana Bearing pain with calmness
Adhisthaan place of residence, abode; support; power; dignity, resting place for idol, plinth outline, Establishment
Adho-loka: The lower world; the home of infernal beings
Adhobhaaga Lower portion
Adhogati Motion downwards, lower destinity. Downward or Fall
Adholoka (1) Lower part of universe; (2) Lower world; (3) The home of infernal beings
Adholoka siddha Salvated from lower world
Adhovadhika A variety of clairvoyance
Adhovyatikrama Lower reverse sequence
Adhruv transient, non eternal, impermanent
Adhruva anupreksa Reflation on transitoriness
Adhruvabandha (1) The bondage of the karmic matter of a soul in the cases where there is the possibility of the non-bondage of the karmic matter and the consequent freedom from bondage; (2) Non-permanent bondage, Non-polar bond
Adhruvabandhini It refers to the psychic attitude by which there is the

possibility of bondage or there may not be any bondage of any karma.

Adhruvagrahi Transient grasping
Adhruvodaya The rise of the satavedaniya karma etc., on subsequent

occasions due to the non-destructions of the previous dispositions.

Adhvana Path
Adhyaana Repeated reflection
Adhyaasa Attribution; Superimposition, misunderstanding, Abhipraya, motive, intention, meaning opinion; purpose, intended meaning, sense, erroneous transposition of attributes.
Please also see the appendix at the end of the dictionary. Adhyaas is the fault of knowledge. Adyaas is explained in Hindi under the heading of Adhyaas, Adhyavasaay, Adhyavasaan.
Adhyaatma Spiritual conduct; Spiritual looking, spiritual conduct, Aatmaa no adhikaar te adhyaatma, suddh chetnaa paddhati te adhyaatma, Adhi means to know and aatm means self. To know the self, to know the soul is adhyaatma.

Bruhad Dravya Sangrah gatha 57 it says that “Religious activity involving the true nature of soul and which is devoid of reflective thoughts of wrong belief and inclination of attachment and aversion, is known as adhyaatma.
िमथ्यात्व, रागािद समस्त िवकल्प जाल के त्याग से स्व शुद्धात्मा में जो अनुष्ठान होता है उसे अध्यात्म कहते है
relating to soul or God; spiritual. knowledge of the soul or God; the Supreme
Spirit relation between the supreme and the individual soul.

Adhyaatma apexaa principles on the basis of spiritual conduct.
Adhyaatma no vyavahaar one takes refuge within his eternal true nature of the self and thereby obtains right faith and right knowledge
Adhyaatma paddhati where there is description for pathway to salvation. where there is description for pure nature of the soul. nature of the pure soul, stoppage, shedding, liberation description comes in adhyatma paddhati. In Adhyatma paddhati there is description for pure nature of the soul comes (parmarth vachanika hindi chapter 4 aagam and adhyaatma paddhati ki anantataa)
The eternal pure nature of the self and with attention focused on it, when there is pure modes occurring then it is known as suddh chetnaa padddhati or adhyaatma paddhati. This is the real path to salvation.
According to Niyamsaar scripture, (page 24 Kaaran shuddh paryaay book) adhyaatma paddhatti means one dealing with the eternal pure consciousness state. this is the innate nature of the eternal soul substance.
Therefore it is been called as “Aatmaa kaa adhikaar”. Aagam paddhati describes the soul’s transient modal relationship.
Adhyaatma sthaan because of interference of physical objects false feeling of oneness with external objects, thoughts of liking and disliking associated with wrong belief, emotions, desires, volition responsible for karma bondage, energy bond of karma, With the intensity of passions the bondage of karma gets intensity of fruition with certain strength. This is anubhaag bandh or adhyavasaan sthaan, all thoughts and feeling with the sense oneness with the external things
like body etc. is known as adhyavasaan sthaan.
Adhyaatma yogi Spiritual person
Adhyaatmic metaphysical
Adhyaropa Attribution; Superimposition
Adhyavadaya Mental effort
Adhyavasaana Determinate cognition, thought condition, determination, identification, identity; absorption, state of uncertainty of soul due to ignorance.अध्यवसान को चािरत्र का दोष कहते है।, (see detail write up on Adhavasaan and adhyavasaay in Hindi by Arunji Pandit from Jaipur – in my documents.)
Adhyavasaan is explained in Hindi under the heading of Adhyaas, Adhyavasaay,
Adhyavasaan in the appendix of this dictionary.
Adhyavasaay mental efforts, temperament, volition which causes karmic bondage, desire to know, jaanvaani ichchhaa. To know is the nature of the knowledge attribute. Siddh is knowing whole universe. But transmigratory soul has desire to know. This desire is the reason for perplexity. So desire to know is the adhyavasaay. mithyaa abhipraay is adhyavasaay.
अध्यवसाय को मिथ्या अिभप्राय कहते है। इसिलए मिथ्या अिभप्राय को भी श्रद्धा कहते है
Adhyavasaay is explained in Hindi under the heading of Adhyaas, Adhyavasaay, Adhyavasaan in the appendix of this dictionary.
Adhyavasaay sthaan place obtained by the results of karmic bondage
Adhyavasaya: Determinate cognition
Adhyayana Lecture; Chapter; Study
Adhyayana: Lecture
Adhyvasaan naa udayo deluded state of inclination of attachment and aversion, raag dwesh naa vikaari bhaav. (samaysar stanza 217)
Adrasta Past Karmas; Providential; Providence
Advaita bhaav absence of duality, unity
Advaita: Non-dual; cap., the monistic school of Vedanta, single, non duality, identity, of uniform nature
Advaitvaad monism
Advesh freedom from prejudice, absence of hatred, affinity, non antipathy
Advitiya matchless; unique
Agaadh samyag darshan wavering serene vision
Agaari householder
Agala Premature realization; Gulp
Agama: Scripture; canonical literature
Verbal testimony
Agamika: Non-repetitive
Agamya The reason which can not be known or told or described
Agarha Nonblaming, non confession in front of master
Agari Householder
Agari: House-holders(laymen).
Agati Absence of motion
Aghaati The four types of karmas whose powers are much milder than those of the four-ghati karmas. These

powers end at the end of a life.

Aghaatiya Non-destructive
Aghaatiya-karma Non-dustructive Karma
Aghanadhara Non-cube sequence
Aghatiya: Karamas that generate embodiment and particular conditions thereof
Aghatiya: Non-Destructive karmas
Agitaartha non adapt, ignorance of scriptures
Agnaan bhaaav ignorant inclinations. alien directed inclinations, inclinations directed to the alien objects
Agnaan may bhaav alien directed inclinations,inclinations directed to the alien objects
Agnaana (1) Ignorance due to the perversity of attitude which arises due to the rise of jnanavaraniya karma; (2) Ignorantial flow; (3) Ignorance; (4) Ne-science; (5) False cognitive, nescient, ignorant, spiritual ignorance, karma chetna and karm phal chetna both are agnaan rup hai
Agnaana chetna Nescient conscious; Karma and karma phal chetna
Agnaana mithyaatva Ignorant belief
Agnaana nivratti Cessation of Ne-science
Agnaana parisaha Ignorance; Affliction
Agnaana vrata Vow of an ignorant
Agnaanavaada Agnosticism; Ignorantism; Ignorantialism
Agnaani One devoid of right knowledge, spiritually ignorant being
Agnaanika-mithyaatva Wrong belief due to indiscrimination
Agnaapini bhaasa Instructional language
Agnaatabhaava Unknowingliness
Agni Fire
Agni: Fire
Agnikaayika Firebodied
Agochar beyond the reach or comprehension of the senses; imperceptible; [ka.] where one cannot, would not like to, put his foot.
Agra-pinda Mendicantal first-set food
Agraahya non assimilable.
Agraahya varganaa non receivable molecules
Agraheeta Natural
Agrahita mithyaatva Intuitional perversity; Inborn wrong belief
Agrantha Unfettered; Possessionless
Agravija Grafting
Agruhit mithyaatva inborn wrong belief
Agupta Restrained
Agupti non protection, non secrecy, fear of disclosure of what is kept in secret
Aguru laghu not too heavy, not too light
Agurulaghu (1) Not too light or not too heavy; (2) It refers to the absence of the two characteristics of heaviness and lightness; (3) Non-gravity-levity
Agurulaghu: Nor heavy-light; neither too heavy to move, nor too light to have stability.
Agurulaghuguna It is the characteristic, which expresses neither the lightness nor the heaviness as in the case of the

characteristics of the soul. It is infinite in character.

Agurulaghutva Property of constancy; Property of individuality; Constancy of individuality
Agurulaghutva: Capacity by which one attribute or substance does not become another and the substance does not lose the attributes whose grouping forms the substance itself.
The quality of constancy in space-points
Agyaana Ignorant; Lack of knowledge
Ahamenra Non graded celestial beings
Ahampratyaya: Self-awareness
Ahara Agrahya-Vargana: Assimilation-unrecievable-molecule
Ahara-Vargana: Assimilation-molecule for food
Aharaka mishra: Assimitative with physical.
Aharaka: Assimilative
The spiritual man-like emanation from the head of a saint in doubt, in the sixth spiritual stage.
Aharaparyapti: Taking of morsels of food
Aharyaprasanjana: Determinate concomitant
Aharyaropa: Determinate concomitant
Ahavaniya-agni: One of the sacred fires in the Hindu srauta ritual
Ahetu Fallacy
Ahimsa: Nonharming
Ahimsaa (1) Non-violence; (2)Non-harming; (3) The supreme mahavrat or anuvrat that all Jains must adhere to. Jain religion is remarkable in that it upholds nonviolence as

the supreme religion (Ahimsa Paramo Dharmah) and has insisted upon its observance in thought, word, and deed at the individual as well as social levels; (4) The first and foremost among the Jaina vows, meaning abstention from slaughter, injury or harm; (5) Non-

injury, non-slaughter, by words, mind and deeds. This

is the first principal vow of the Jaina religion. In its broad connotation, it covers the remaining four vows of non-lie, non- sex, non-theft, and non-possession

Ahimsaa dharma Religion of non-violence
Ahimsaa paramo dharma Non-violence as the supreme religion
Ahimsavrata: Refraining from harming
Ahinsaa Same as Ahimsa above; Non-violence
Ahinsaa anuvrata Minor vow of non-violence
Ahinsaa vrata Vow of non-violence
Ahita Not in the interest
Ahobhaava Great respect, feeling, sense, of wonder; praise, eulogy.
Aikya oneness, unity, harmony
Ailaka Highest state of lay follower; Loin-clothed votary;

The highest state of a Digambara layman wherein he retains only one piece of clothing

Ailaka: The highest state of a Digambara layman, wherein he retains only one piece of clothing
Aindriyaka Empirical; Sensory
Airihya Scripture; Traditional instruction
Aishwarya Power; Sovereignty; Wealth; Prosperity, overlordship; divinity; supremacy; greatness;
grandeur, opulence.sameness, identity, an aggregate
Aishwarya mada Power; Prosperital puff orpride.
Aitihya history
Ajaagrut non alert
Ajanma never to take birth again
Ajara Old-age-free; A liberated soul
Ajaraamara A liberated soul who does not decay to old age or die.
Ajinana: Ignorance
Ajitanaatha Second Teerthankara
Ajiva Non-life or inanimate object; Non-living; Non- conscious; Non-livin substanmce; Inanimate entities
Ajiva: Insentient
Which is not soul
Ajivadhikaarana Non-living substratum
Ajivaka Gosalaka’s doctrine; A sect
Ajivkaaya Non-living-body; Inanimate body
Ajna-vyapadiki-kriya: Misinterpreting the scriptural injunctions, which we do not want to follow.
Ajnana: Ignorance–nivartaka–remover
Wrong belief caused by ignorance. Indiscrimination of good and bad.
Ajnanavada: Agnosticism
Ajnanika: Agnostic. Everything is not knowable. This is one of the general attributes of all substances.
Ajnavicaya: Contemplation on the teachings of Jina
Akaama Involuntary
Akaama marana Involuntary death
Akaama-nirjaraa Involuntary dissociation; Involuntary wearing off; Disintegration of mature of karma; Savipak nirjara; Involuntary shedding or dissociation of karmas; Desire

less disintegration

Akaamanirjaraa It refers to the removal of karmic particles by actions like–fasting, celibacy, sleeping on the floor…etc, not voluntarily but out of compulsion as in the case of a man who is imprisoned and who has no undergo these hardships, disintegration of mature of karma, savipak nirjara, involuntary shedding of karma
Akaaran without cause, causeless; aimless; (of quarrel, attack, etc.) without provocation
Akaaryakaaranatva Shakti soul’s power of non doer ship and causeless ness
Akaayaa Non-body; Non-embodied
Akaayikaa Salvated; Dis-embodied
Akaka mrityu Untimely death
Akalank innocent, spotless; without stigma or blemish; clean; pure
Akalank dev Was there probably in 8th century. He is considered as the creation of Jain Nyaay. He created Rajvaartik(first tikaa on Tatvaarth sutra), Bhashya, Tatvaarth Vaartik, Nyaay Vinischya (description about Jain Nyaay),
Akalpya Unacceptable; Improper
Akama-nirjara: Equanimous submission to the fruition of karma.
Akara Mines
Akarma Pure meditation; Non-Functional (in meditation)
Akarmabhumi Land of inaction or enjoyment; The world where there

is no activity like agriculture, writing etc., land of enjoyment.

Akarsa-vikarsa Drag
Akartaa non doer
Akartavya non performable duty
Akartutva attitude of not doing some thing, attitude of non doership, one of the 47 powers of soul
Akasa: Space
Akasaaya Passion- free
Akasaaya vedaniya Passion-free feeling karma
Akasha: Space
Akashaya: Quasi-passions; slight or minor passions.
Akevali chhadmastha Non-omniscient
Akhanda Indivisible, unbroken, undivided; whole, complete., As such from quality perspectives attributes and substance are two separate things from absolute point of view. But Soul substance is with knowledge and knowledge is with soul. This way they both are in indivisible nature. Akhand is from attribute perspective and abhed is from modal perspectives.
Akhed tirelessly, happy, non weariness.
Akhyaata Propounded
Akhyayaka Omenist
Akinchanya Non-attachment; Possessionlessness; Nonthingness; Unattached; Non-possession
Akinchitkara Inert, Indirectly active, useless, innocent.
Akinchitkara- hetvabhasa Useless fallacy; Inconsequential fallacy
Akincitkara: Immaterial
Akirna Pervasive
Akram not in a sequential order
Akrandana Crying
Akrandana: weeping
Akriyaavaada Non-actionism
Akriyavada: Doctrine of non-action
Akriyavadi: Opposite of Kriyavadi, e.g., the soul does nothing. This undermines all truth.
Akrosa Reproach
Akrutrim not artificial, natural; not feigned, sincere; genuine, true
Aksa Soul; Axis
Aksa: An organ of sense
Aksara Eternal; Alphabet
Aksara: Alphabet
Aksarsruta Alphabetically originated scriptures
Aksata Uncooked rice; An offering
Aksata: Uncooked rice
Aksaya Inexhaustible; Indestructible; Immortal
Aksaya tritiya Immortal Third
Aksaya-trtiya: The “immortal third,” a Jaina holiday
Aksepani kathaa Blaming tales
Aksha gnaanendriya, pavitra gnaan, Pure knowledge, die (in playing); bead of a rosary; axle of a wheel; axis of the earth; [at the end of a compd.] eye; [geog.] angular distance of place either N. or S. from the equator; organ of sense; [math.] any of the imaginary axes at right angle to one another for determining the position of a point in space, physical senses. one who knows is aksh – i.e. soul.
Akshaprati Related to soul or knowledge
Akshar shrut alphabet scripture. Three types:
1: Samyak Akshar -Shape of the letter. The script or alphabet
2: Vyanjan Akshar: sound of the letter. In other word, the spoken letters.
3: Labdhy Akshar: possessed only by one who is competent to learn alphabet i.e. akshar labdikaa, and can be possible through all the five senses and mind.
Ref: Nandi sutra.
Akshaya Undecaying; Non-prerishable, non decaying, inexhaustible; imperishable Akshaya pad -liberation, moksha.
Akshepa non distraction
Aksina-mahanasa mahalaya rddhi Miraculous power of never ending foods/residence.
Aksipragrahi Delayed-grasping
Akulataa Perplexity; Mystified; Confused; Unhappiness associated with restlessness; Disturbed
Alankaara Ornamentation; Ornament, embellishment; figure of speech; melodious arrangement of notes.
Alapa Description methods
Alapaka Connected sentences
Alarikara: Ornamentation
Alaukika Unusual; Supernatural; Rare; Superwordly; Post- wordly; Extraordinary
Alevada Non-sticky
Aling graahya can not be accepted through alien things.par thi grahya nathi te
Aling grahan beyond inferential mark,: which is not absorbed by any sensual
organs, the one which is been accepted by true nature of the self and not by any sense organs., soul cannot know through the signs of alien things. soul can not be realized with inference based on the sense perception, soul can be realized without any mark – linga. Linga means sense chinh. realization without any external mark or symbol.
Ling means inference- anumaan, Grahan means to know. Aling grahan means soul is the object of the direct experiencing. Therefore it can not be known by inference.
aling grahan 20 bol: 2+3+1+5+6+3 =20. Pravachansaar stanza 172.
2- Indriya related
3 – anuman related
1 – swa samvedan related 5 – upyog related
6 – ling- chinh related
3 dravya, gun paryay related
Alipta not besmeared, unstained; unattached, detached
Alobha parisaha Non-greed affliction
Alocana: Critical self-examination
Intuitional cognition
Alochanaa Confession; Critical self examination (for expiation), repentation; Self-deprecation.
Aloka Light; Vision; It is space beyond the world; It is the

limitless space

Aloka-aakaasha Totally empty space
Aloka-akasa: Totally empty space
Aloka: Non-Universe
Alokaakaasha Unoccupied space; A-cosmic space; The empty infinite space;

Outside the universe, i.e. Non-universe (Lokaakaasha); Lokaakaasha is called the Universe

Alokita-pana bhojana Drinks; Food and drinks under light
Alokitapana-bhojana: Thoroughly seeing to one’s food and drink.
Alpaakshari Of very few letters or words
Alpabahutva Relative comparision; Relative numerical strength
Alpachelaka Few-clothed; Meagerly clothed
Alpagna knowing very little, shallow
Amal clean, clear; free from impurities, pure
Amanaska Without mind; Devoid of mind; Non-rational
Amanaska: Without mind
Amantrini bhaasa Addressal language
Amar immortal, deathless. god
Amari Sacrificial prohibition; Killing prohibition; Prohibition of animal sacrifice
Amari: Prohibition of animal sacrifice
Amarsa-ausadha rddhi Superpower of medication
Amarsana Intolerance
Ambara Supreme meditation
Ambuj Lotus
Amechaka Unitary pure; Relating to or characterized by or aiming
Amehnaakar sarva vyapak. extended in the whole universe
Amla: Acid.
Amlaan gnaan pure, perfect, omniscient knowledge
Amnaya Tradition; Revision
Amogha Immutable; Not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature
Amoortika Formless i.e. without touché, smell, taste and shape
Amrita Nectar of heaven
Amsavatara: Minor incarnation of Visnu
Amudh non perplexed, non infatuated
Amudh drashti Non-stupidity in the omniscient lords, scriptures and enlightened teachers.
Amudh drastic (1) Unblurred vision; (2) Non stupidity in the omniscient lords, scriptures and enlightened teachers; (3)

Undeluded view;

Amudha drishtitva: Free from superstitious belief.
Amudhadrsti: Freedom from delusory notions
Amurta Not perceivable by any human or life form sense; Non corporeal; Without form; Can not be perceived by senses; Formless; Non-material; Non-tangible
Amurtattva Abstract: Non-corporeality: Non-tangibility: Non- materiality: Imperceptibility
Amurtatva: Along with Achetanatva, is common to Space, Motion, Rest and Time.
Along with Chetanatva, is a common attributes of the class of substance,
Ana-pranaparyapti Respiratory completion
Anaaatmagn destitute of spiritual knowledge, one without spiritual knowledge
Anaabhog During an on going resolution – pachchakhaan- if I forgot about my resolution and also by mistake broke the resolution ahead of prescribed time
Anaachaar excessive attachment to the pleasure of the world
Anaachaara Miscounduct, complete violation of observing vows
Anaachaaraniya Disrespect
Anaacharniya that which is prohibited or forbidden
Anaacharniya that which is prohibited or forbidden
Anaadar disrespect
Anaadeya A karma; Unpleasant look
Anaadi Beginning-less; Withoug a beginning; Eternal, never was born,never been created
Anaadi anant Which has neither beginning nor end, eternal
Anaadi nidhan neither beginning nor end, eternal
Anaadi saant beginning less but with end
Anaagaadh chronic
Anaagat future time, (Atit – past, Pratyutpann – of present time, vartmaan kaal no,)
Anaagat pratyaakhyaan renunciation for future
Anaagataa vikshan anticipation
Anaahaara Absence of food; Without food; Non-food
Anaahat not beaten, unhurt; not used, unbleached, new; not produced by beating or striking.
Anaahat naad such self-originating sound heard by the yogis or mystics
Anaahrata A fault of disrespecting the guru
Anaakaanksha mortification (freeness) from worldly desires
Anaakaanksha kriyaa to disobey the prescribed jaina discipline
Anaakaar indeterminate, formless, a type of renunciation
Anaakaar upyog by (the help of) senses, mind and visual (conation) detail-less apprehension of substances lasting for one antar muhurt is attention
without form, indefinite consciousness attentiveness, darshan upyog, saamaanya upyog
Anaakul not perplexed, not confused, calm, self possessed, happiness without restlessness, calm, consistent, serenity. peace; quietude; composure, super sensuous bliss.
Anaakul aanand super sensuous bliss
Anaarya Non-aryan; Lmpious; Non-cultured, non virtuous person, non civilized person
Anaasanga non attachment.
Anaath orphan
Anaatma Non-self; Alien to soul, person without knowledge of the self; one who has not restrained his self. non soul entity, selflessness, corporeal, destitute of spirit, non self, different from soul
Anaatma panu non self state
Anaatmaa selflessness, deprived of self
Anaatmabhut non self alienable, non integral.
Anaatmabhut non integral, non self alienable
Anaatmak unreal
Anaatman not self, another, something different from soul
Anaatmataa selflessness, deprived of soul
Anaatmavaad doctrine of non believing in soul.
Anaatmavaad doctrine of non believing soul
Anaatmya impersonal, want of affection from one’s own family
Anaayaase without difficulty, easily
Anaayatana Praise the gods/goddesses leading to destruction of right knowledge; Perversity; Non-receptacle, worthless places of false religion, perversity, wrong perception, aayatan means place to stay an means non, place where monk cannot stay eg, movie theater or the house of prostitute.
Anabhigrahita Non-deliberate
Anabhigrahita mithyaatva Mithyatva is the perversity of attitude, which arises due to wrong teaching and due to the clinging of wrong teaching. This is the perversity of attitude, which arises
Anabhimata: Undesirable
Anabhipret non desired. unintended; non wished; unaccepted, unapproved
Anabhivyakt implicit, non expressed, non manifestation
Anabhoga kriya Natural/involuntary activity
Anabhoga-kriya: indifference in dropping things or throwing oneself down upon the earth, i.e. without seeing whether it is swept or not.
Anabhoga: putting down a thing where it ought not to be put.
Anabhyupagata: Unproved
Anadeya: Non-impressive; dull appearance.
Anadhyavasaaya inconclusiveness, indecision, inattention, indeterminate
cognition, uncertainty e.g. to know in indecision about touching the grass while walking
Anadhyavasaya Inconclusiveness; Indecision; Inattention; indeterminate cognition; Uncertainty
Anadhyavasaya: Indecision
Anadhyavasita: Neither known
Anadi: Having no beginning
Anadinidhana Neither beginning nor the end and is eternal
Anadinidhana: Without beginning and without end
Anadyatan a tense either past or future, no applicable to present
Anagaar homeless ascetic
Anagaar dharma the rule of life prescribed for the monks.
Anagaar dosh eating with great avidity
Anagaar ling insignia adopted by homeless ascetics
Anagara Homeless ascetic
Anagara dharma The rule of life prescribed for the monks; Mendicant discipline
Anagara-dharma: Mendicant discipline
Anagara: House-less(ascetics).
Anagh sinless, pious
Anaikantika In-conclusive
Anaikantika: Inconclusive
Anaikantikatva: Inconclusiveness
Anakanksha-kriya: Disrespect to scriptural injunctions out of vice or laziness.
Anakanksi Devoid of desire
Anakara Indeterminate; Formless
Anakara upyoga By (the help of) senses, mind and visual (conation) detail less apprehension of substances lasting for one antar muhurt is attention without form
Anakara upyoga Indeterminate cognition
Anakaropayoga Indeterminate upayoga i.e. darsanopayoga.
Anakaropayoga: Formless conscious activity
Anaksara: Non-alphabet
Anakul Not perplexed; Not confused; Calm; Self possessed; Happiness without restlessness
Anala Fire, anger; kind of imaginary bird.
Analysis analysis is the process of braking a complex topic or substance in to smaller parts so as to gain better understanding
Anana Infinite
Anang bodiless, incorporeal. god of love, Cupid, sensual pleasure and enjoyment, kaam bhog
Anang bodiless, incorporeal. god of love, Cupid
Ananga krida Un-natural sex
Anangapravista: Main scriptions
Anant infinite, will never be dead. can never be destroyed, similarity of infinite can be given as follow: When one divides 10 by 3 then it will be 3.3333333333 etc. These three after decimal point will be there for infinite time but still it will not give total answer to what is the real number of 10 divide by 3. This is infinite.
Anant aanand infinite bliss
Anant Dharmaatmak with infinite component elements of its own
Anant mo Bhaag infinite power
Ananta Endless or infinite, for instance, kevalajnana is ananta.
Ananta darshana Infinite perception
Ananta gnaana Infinite Knowledge; Infinite cognition
Ananta guna Infinite times; Infinite attributes
Ananta sukha Infinite bliss
Ananta- aanand Infinite bliss
Ananta-chatushtaya Infinite foursome namely

(1) Infinite perception

(2) Infinite knowledge

(3) Infinite power

(4) Infinite bliss

Ananta-sukha: Infinite bliss
Ananta-virya Infinite power; Infinite energy
Anantaanubandhi (1) Life-long lasting (2) Passion which leads to infinite births (3) It is a process by which samyagdarsana is withheld and if the right knowledge has already arisen it

vanishes. It is an endless series of the expressions of passions or kasaya or emotional states; (4) Incessant that exists from infinite past, passion leading to endless mundane existence, intense passions causing binding with worldly affairs infinitely.

Anantaanubandhi chatuska four passions leading to endless mundane existence.
Anantaanubandhi kasaaya A Karma of Infinite-bonding passion
Anantabhaga Infinite conation
Anantadharma: Infinite aspects
Anantajnana: Infinite knowledge; a synonym for kevalajnana
Anantakayika vanaspati General plants; A category of plants.
Anantanaatha Fourteenth teerthankara
Anantanantanuka Infinite infinite atomed / atomic.
Anantanu-Vargana: Infinite-atoms-molecule
Anantanubandhi-kasaya: Passions that “Pursue from the limitless past,” preventing the attainment of samyak-darsana
Anantanubandhi: Error feeding
Right-belief preventing-passions.
Anantanuka Infinite Atomed / Atomic
Anantar purva kshan varti paryaay immediately prior transient mode in a substance. mode, which itself is transient in nature and which comes immediately prior to the present mode.
Anantara Without gap; Continuous, nearest
Anantavirya Infinite energy of the soul
Anantaviryatva: Infinite energy
Ananugamika: Non-following
Ananupurvi Nonserial; Non-sequential
Ananvaya: Lacking in positive concomitance, unconnected
Ananya Identical, Unique; Not separate or different; matchless; devoted or
loyal to one only, entire devotion, inseparable, not separate or different;
Ananya bhaava Uniqueness; Identity; exclusive devotion to one
Ananya parinaam inalienable modes, modes which remains identical to the substance, unable to separate modes from substance.
Ananyak not other than itself
Anapavadyaka Eternal
Anapavartana Non-reduction
Anapavartaniya (1) Non-reducible; (2) It refers to the exhaustion of ayukarma as per schedule without any decrease in the
Anapohatvaa not to have entire separateness
Anapvartaniya aayushya the life span can not be reduced. one with long life span
Anarghya Amulya; Priceless
Anarpana Viewed from other stand point; Secondary
Anarpit viewed from other stand point, without any devotion, not giving prominence from one point of view, secondary importance,
Anarpitabhasa: False unimplied point of view
Anarpitanaya: Unimplied view-point
Anartha Unmotivated; Purposeless
Anartha danda vrata Purposeless violence limitation vow; Vow of refraining from avoidable actions
Anartha danda-vrata: Taking a vow not to commit purposeless sin
Anarthaantar unity, abhinn, ananya, identical
Anarthaantarbhut to be in unity, to become abhinn, to be ananya, to be identical
Anarthadandavrata: Refraining from the five minor types of evil activity
Anarthakya Non-essential
Anasada Unobstructive
Anasakti Non-attachment
Anasana Fasting; Non-eating; Total fasting
Anasana: Fasting
Anashana: Fasting–external austerity.
Anasrava Non-influx
Anasvadya Unstable; Nontastable
Anataraya: Obstructive.
Anatikramniya Non-transgressable
Anativrtti Non-transgression
Anatmabhuta laksana Non-self alienable Characteristics
Anavadya Sinless, nirdosh, innocent, blameless, virtuous, innocent, perfect, abaadhya, without any hinderance.
Anavarat continuous, incessant, uninterrupted
Anavardhyut giving up irregularity of food intake
Anavardhyut anashan Austerity related to fasting of desirable things, without the wish for future enjoyments
Anavardhyut kaal anashan Fasting unto death time
Anavasarpini siddh liberated soul from videh kshetra. ( there is no ascending or descending time cycle in videh kshetra)
Anavastha Regressus ad infinitum, A fault of reasoning; Infinite regression, infinite regress, a fault which is always followed
Anavasthaapya a type of repentance, Parihaar praayaschit kaa ek bhed
Anavasthaapya a type of repentance, parihaar praayaschit kaa ek bhed
Anavasthit transient, unlimited, indefinite, a type of clairvoyance knowledge, multiplicity, anek, transiency
Anavasthit a type of clairvoyance, avadhi gnaan kaa ek bhed
Anavidhi unlimited, infinite
Anayana prayofa Procuement from outside limit
Anayatan Worthless places of false religion
Anda Egg; Primordial egg
Andaaja Guess
Andaja Incubatory; Oviparous(Egg laying)
Aneka Many, more that one
Aneka-vaadi Poly-realist
Anekaakaar many shapes, many forms
Anekaant anek dharma, all the component elements of the substance, which includes substance, its infinite attributes and its all modes.
Anekaant swarup panu see anekaantaatmak above
Anekaanta Doctrine of manifold predications; Relative pluralism; Non-absolutist principle; Absolution; Many fold point, mutually contradictory things present in a substance e.g permanency and transitoriness, multiple point of view, it is non absolutism – which is established by pramaan and naya. it is non absolute as comprehended with the help of
comprehensive knowledge – pramaan and is becomes absolute when a partial point of view – naya- is applied to it. According to Purushaarth Siddhi Upaay book verse 2: Anekaant means the negation of the absolutism of existence, non existence permanence and momentariness.
Anekaantaatmak multi faceted ness, property of having many aspects and modes, substance’s many attributes, modes and many of its components elements – dharma.
Anekaantavaada ‘Non-singular conclusivity’; Multiplicity of viewpoints; The concept that humans, with obstructed knowledge, will only be able to see limited parts of any whole (situation or truth); Multiple view points theory
Anekaantvaad relative pluralism, non absolution
Anekachitta Manifold desires; Plural minded
Anekantavada: The doctrine of manifold aspects
Anekantika hetu Doubtful probans
Anekantika hetvabhasa Inconclusive fallacy
Anekatva dosh absence or lack of unity as a fault in logic
Anekatva: Multiplicity,variety
Anekpanu to be in multiple forms
Anektaa variety, multiplicity
Anesana Prohibition
Anesaniya Prohibited
Aneshanaa lack of carefulness in searching for food
Anga Proper noun; Limb; Part organ; Primary canons; Volume of Book (Scripture); Components, twelve anga- original scriptures as propagated by Omniscient Lord
1:Aachaarang: Muni Dharma 18,000 verses
2: Sutra Krutaang For Worshiping – aaraadhanaa 36,000 verses 3:Sthaanang Description of six substances 42, 000 verses
4: Samvaayaang 1,64,000 verses. Substance, area, time and intentions of a substance’s description- dravya kshetra kaal bhaav varnan5: Vyakhyaa Pragnapti- Bhagwati sutra. 2,28,000 verses Living being’s existence and non existence description- asti nasti varnan
6: Gnatru Dharma Kathaan 5,56,000 verses. Direct disciple of Lord asking questions about the nature of soul etc substances.
7. Upaasakadhya 11,70,000 verses .Description of householder’s vow, virtuous and moral conduct etc.
8. Antah Krut Dashaang 2328000 Sutra. Description of sever calamities occurring to ten antah krut kevali during time of Omniscient lord.
9. Anuttaropaadikdashang 9244000 Sutra. Description of severe calamities occurring to 10 monks who in spite of sufferings, went to annutar vimaan as dev.
10. Prashna Vyaakranaang 9316000 stanzas. Nature of reality explained by philosophical doctrine ( naya) and logic (yukti)
11. Vipaaksutra 18400000 sutra. Nature of fruition of merit and demerit karma.
12. Drasti pravaad 108685605 sutra. 363 different opinions are refuted (363 mat nu khandan) In 12th ang, there are five major chapters: 1:Parikarma, 2:Sutra, 3:Prathamaanuyog, 4:Purvagat- has description of fourteen purva, and 5:Chulikaa.Total sutra in 12 ang are: •112,835,805 (Ref: Ashta pahud – sutra pahud. )
Anga barah twelve compositions
Anga vidyaa Science of predicting throbbing of body parts
Anga: Limb; cap., a group of twelve Jaina canonical texts
Angaara Defect for alms
Angabaahya Secondary canon; Subsidiary texts
Angabahya: The subsidiary canon
Angamo dislike, disgust
Angapravista Primary canons; Primary texts,original canon
Angapuja Veneration/worship of Jinas, limbs
Angapuja: Veneration of the limbs of the lord
Angdhar saint who possesses the knowledge of twelve angs- scriptural parts.
Angopaang organs, organelle
Angopaang naam karma organelle genetic code function
Angopaga nama karma Physique making karma of limbs and sublimes
Angopanga Minor limbs; Secondary parts
Angopanga: Limbs; limbs and minor limbs.
Angula 1/24 pf cibit; A length measure
Anichchhak one with no desire, one having no ambitions,free from desire; detached; indifferent
Anidana Bond-free; Desire-free
Anigraha: Free from defect
Anikachita It is contrary to nikachita in which the processes of utkarsana (increase), apakarsana (decrease) and sankramana (transformation) of karmic matter are


Anima Minifying
Anindriya Non-sense-organ; Mind; Quasi-sense/Salvated soul;

Mind i.e. no-indriya or one which is not sense

Anindriyaja: Non-sensuous, not caused by senses
Aninh not to hide the name of your guru
Aninhavachaar No concealment of knowledge, or of its sources, one of the eight pillars of right knowledge
Anirakrta: Not refuted
Anirdisht sansthaan It is difficult to say some thing about the shape of a thing. Nirdisht means to be told and sansthaan means shape.
Aniruddha unobstructed
Anirvachaniya Inexpressible in words
Anishiddha to keep, non restrained,unchecked, no prohibition for its use
Anishpann not born yet, incomplete, unproven
Anisht thing that proponent does not want to prove – je vastu ne vaadi siddh
karava nathi mangato te. not desired; undesirable; bad, evil. unwelcome thing; evil; calamity.
Anishtasamyoga Distaste
Anisrita: Independent
Anisrta-grahi Unexpressed-grasping
Anistanivratti Removal of or seperation from undesirable.
Anistasanyoga Undesirable accidence
Anistha non beneficial, detrimental, undesirable
Anittham-svarupa Irregular configuration
Anitya instability, (1) Impermanent; (2) Non-eternal; (3) Transient

(4) Transitory; (5) Mortal

Anitya anupreksha: Everything is subject to change or transitory.
Anitya Taadaatmya Sambandh transient inherent relationship. e.g. auspicious and inauspicious type of deluded state mode and the soul substance. (see also
sambandh), In Samaysaar in Karta Karma Adhikaar it is also called sanyog siddh sambandh
Anitya-anupreksa Reflection on transitoriness
Anitya-avaktavya Trasient-cum-indescribable
Anitya-vaada Non-eternalism; Transitorialism
Anityata-vipaaka Uncertain fruition
Anityavada: Noneternalism
Anivartin: That state from which there is no returning
Anivratti Advanced; Non-abstinence
Anivratti baadara Non-eradication of gross passions
Anivratti karana Ninth stage; Superessing certain deluding karma
Anivrtti-karana: The process of suppressing certain mohaniya karmas
Anivrutti karan process of self meditation through which the soul attains right belief or self realization by suppressing certain form of deluding karma.
And wherein the dispositions of Jivas of the same moments are of uniform
purity only and are not of different degrees of purity – such state of dispositions is called Anivritti- Karana. The dispositions of all Jivas in the first moment of this Karana are necessarily identical; similarly all Jivas of the second, etc. moments also have identical purity of dispositions. Further, the purity of dispositions of
all Jivas of second, etc. moments are always with infinite times more purity than the Jivas of the first moments.
Anivrittikarana takes place after Apoorva-Karana. Its period is equal to a numerable fractional part of Apoorva-Karana period. In it, after lapse of sometime and with aforesaid essentials, the Jiva performs Antar Karana,
(Antar karana: Operation of dislodging the due duration of Nishekas due for rise.
Kimantrakarn. N.am ? vivikkhyakamman.an
haitthimovarimatthideeao motoon.majjhai antomuhutmaitan.an tthidin.an parin.amvisaisain.isaign.bhaveekaran.mantarkran.midi
——(Jeydhavala a. p. 953)
i.e., he makes the Nishekas of Mithyatva Karma of one Muhurata period only to remain suspended which were due for coming into
rise after the end of Anivritti-Karana period;
(Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter- samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti) Aniyat – unrestricted, indefinite movement,uncertain; indefinite; indeterminate;
Aniyat gaami saint having no certain schedule about walking
Aniyata-aachaari Unrestricted wanderer; Indefinite wanderer
Aniyatagami Indefinite wanderer
Anjaana mithyaatva Ignorance
Anjana churna Kaajala or The eye beauty or medicinal paste
Anjanaa collyrium
Anjasa Truly
Anju Straight-forward
Ankur sprout, shoot; origin; [fig.] seed; (of a wound) being healed or cured, healing.
Annapananirodha Without holding foods/drinks
Anookampaa Compassion; Piety
Anrita: Falsehood.
Anrta Falsehood
Ansanyukta separate, non joined
Ansavatara Minor incarnation
Ansh part, degree, portion, section
Anshi the thing in which there is part or portion or section present, sharer, co-heir, entitled to a share; having parts or members; possessing an attribute
Ant dipak throwing light up on an idea at the end, verb standing at the end of the sentence
Ant krut kevali omniscient lord who has removed his transmigration. within 48 minutes after omniscient one obtains nirvana.
Anta Aspects or attributes
Anta dipaka Throwing light up on an idea at the end, verb standing at

the end of the sentence.

Antah therefore; from here, hence; from today, internal, between
Antah tatva internal reality
Antahkarana upsama Internal subsidence
Antar difference in time in occurring the same event again,inner, internal; close, near.
n. inner part, interior; heart, mind; distance (in time or space); difference; inner being, soul; interval; separateness; (at end of compd.) another or different, discrimination, interval of time, divergency, interval.
Antar Aatma inner self
Antar karan making intervals in karmic fruition with the help of spirituality.
In it, after lapse of sometime and with aforesaid essentials of anivrutti karan ( please see anivrutti karan), the Jiva performs Antar Karana,
(Antar karana: Operation of dislodging the due duration of Nishekas due for rise.
(Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter- samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti)
Antar muhurta A time of appx. 48 minutes or less
Antar mukh One brings his attitude directed to the eternal innate for of soul substance
Antar Nirmagn totally engrossed within
Antar rahit continuously
Antar vyaapti Internal concommittance
Antar-Aatmaan Inner soul; Interior self
Antar-muhurta: A period of up to forty-eight minutes
Antara Interval: Distance
Antara-bhava: The state of existence between death and rebirth
Antaraatmaa inner self
Antaraatmaa Inner Self; Non deluded Soul; Inner looking Soul
Antaraatmaa Engaged in spiritual pursuit
Antaraay interruption, an obstacle in food of Jaina saints accidentally
Antaraay karma prakruti nature of obstructive karma.
Antaraaya A Ghati karma that obstructs the strength of a soul; Causing imopediments
Antaraaya Obstruction; Discrimination; Interruption
Antaraaya karma Obstructive Karma; Karma which determines and obstructs the inherent energy of the soul. For instance,

it obstructs the activity of giving alms etc

Antarabhaava Interval between death and rebirth
Antaralagati Transmigratory motion
Antarang parigrah internal possessions. Fourteen tyeps: Wrong faith, four toxic passions of anger deceit, ego and greed, 9 quasi passions of laughter- haashya, indulgence- rati, dissatisfaction- arati, sorrow- shok, fear- bhay, disgust- jugupsaa, male female and hermaphroditic dispositions- purush, stri and napunshak ved.
Antaranga Internal within self or soul
Antaranga parigraha There are fourteen. Mithyaatva, Krodha or anger, Maan or pride, Maayaa or fraud, lobha or greed, Hasya or laugh, rati sensual pleasure, parati, shoka or grief, bhaya or fear, Jugupsaa or intense dislike, striveda, purushveda, and napuamshakveds.
Antaratman: The state of perceiving the self within
Antaraya-karma: Karma that restricts the energy-quality of the soul
Antaraya: inflow of obstructive karma
Antarbheda Discriminative science; Sscience of differentiation between self(soul) and non-self (others) called bheda Vigyaana; The science of separation of soul and body
Antardhana rrdhi Power of invisiblisation
Antariksa Intermediate space; Space
Antarit intervening; covered, put behind the screen; encircled; separated.
Antarjalpa: Inward repetition
Antarmuhurta very short time- less than 48 minutes and more than aavali, intra indian hour
Antarmuhurtta: For a moment
Antarmuhurttika: A period of less than forty-eight minutes
Antarvyapti: Internal concomitance
Antatakarana Intervalisation
Antatva anupreksa Refection on Seperateness
Antimagraasa The last karma predasha or spaces
Antyadravya Ultimate-substance
Antyasthula Ultimate vastness for graspness. This refers to the entire cosmos and the matter of the cosmos.
Antyasuksma The ultimate subtlety which is to be found in the atom.
Antyesti-kriya: Funeral rites
Anu according to, after, along, alongside, lengthwise, under, subordinate, in order, afterward, there up on, again, further, then, next
Anu Atom: Sub-atom
Anu Vargana: Atom
Anu-brahma vrata Minor vow of chastity or celibady
Anu-Vratas: Five minor vows.
Anu: Atom; an indivisible particle of matter
Anubaddha bound to, obliged to, connected with, related to, connected to, belonging to
Anubandh attachment, uninterrupted succession, sequence, consequence, result, intention, motive, commencement, beginning, to bind, to stick, to adhere, result, fruition.
Anubandhaka connected, allied, related
Anubandhan binding, connection, succession, unbroken series
Anubhaag karma’s capacity to give different intensity of fruition
Anubhaag bandh adhyavashaay sthaan Karma get bonded with capacity to give certain intensity at the time of fruition. The soul’s inclinations of passions occur as instrumental cause in this bondage activity. The soul’s passion inclinations are known as anubhaag bandh adhyavashaay sthaan
Anubhaag ghaat energy destruction of karma
Anubhaag kaandak Energy splitting of karma
Anubhaag krusti reduction of intensity of karma in fruition
Anubhaag rachanaa creation of fruitional intensity of karma
Anubhaag satva state of energy bond in soul
Anubhaag sthaan state of energy, fruitful results of karma, degree of potency of fruition of karma bonded with the soul is known as abhubhaag sthaan
Anubhaag swaami sannikarsha power of energy in sense object contact
Anubhaag uday a type of karmic fruition
Anubhaaga Karmic Manifestation; Intensity (Fruitional), capacity, strength, nature of self, influence, majesty, prabhaav
Anubhaagabandha Frutional bondage; Intensity bondage, energy bond of karma, With the intensity of passions the bondage of karma gets intensity of fruition with certain strength. This is anubhaag bandh
Anubhaav consequence, dignity; external manifestation, or expression of a sentiment, prabhaav, Fruition of material karma, Anu means anusarine, one
follows, and bhav means bhavan, parinaman, one who follows and then modifies self is anubhav.
Anubhaavya inclination of attachments etc modes
Anubhaga: intensity of fruition
Anubhava Experience; To feel
Anubhava: Experience
Retribution of a karma; intensity
Anubhavaatit transcendental
Anubhavshili One pursues the message of Omniscient Lord and then he is giving discourses. Sarvagn ne anusari ne nikleli vaani
Anubhaya yoga Neutral activity
Anubhaya-mana: Neither true nor false.
Anubhaya-vachana: Neither true or false.
Anubhoga Fruition
Anubhuta: Cognised, felt
Anubhuti Knowledge; Congnition; Realization; Experience; Nischaya Samyagdarshan, perception, self realization
Anuchintana Constant reflection
Anudharma Harmonised way
Anudirta Unrealised
Anudisa Intermediate direction
Anudish dev see vaimaanik dev for details
Anudisht aahaar food not prepared especially for monk
Anudveg non disgust
Anugaami Accoompanying; Favorable
Anugama Conforming knowledge; Explanation
Anugamika (Avadhijnana): Following
Anugamin: Following
Anugnaa permission, leave, (to depart); consent; order
Anugraha Benefit; Profit, krupa. Nigrah means punishment, favor, grace; obligation; kindness, mercy.
Anujivi (1) Affirmative (Agreeing or concurring); (2)

Confirmable; (3) Co-existing

Anujivi gun in the modes of some attributes there is always some purity is known as anujivi gun. There is purity as well as impurity present in the mode of these
attributes. e.g. knowledge, perception, bliss, happiness attributes. Purity is not a reason for any karma bondage. Only impurity present will be the reason for bondage. (MMP page 26 Hindi). This present impurity is not only the reason for bondage but also not for liberation. The spread of these attributes – vikaas of these attributes also is not the reason for liberation. Gyaan ka visisht vikaash moksha ka karan nahi hai. Similarly less knowledge is not the reason for bondage or liberation. Modes of Knowledge, perception, and sukh gives the identity of the living being. They show the presence of living being. Attributes having kshayopshamic bhaav is known as anujivi gun. Even though there is presence of some purity, it is not getting samyak symbol. It is known as
garbhit suddhataa.
The affirmative attributes, which constitute the inherent nature of the substance, are called ‘affirmative attributes’. For example,Consciousness (Chetna), faith (Shradhadha), right conduct (Charitra), happiness (Shukh), vitality (Virya), capability of obtaining salvation (Bhavyatva), non-capacity of obtaining salvation (Abhavyatva), soul-hood (Jjivatva), special interactive capacity (Vaibhavik shakti), act of doing (Kartutva), and the act of enjoying (Bhoktrutva), are infinite attributes present in the soul, called the soul’s affirmative attributes; and touch, taste, smell, and color, in the matter constitute affirmative attributes. Knowledge obscuring, perception obscuring, deluding and obstructive karma are the instrumental cause in destroying the modes of the affirmative attributes – anujivi gun- of the soul.
Bhaaav swarup gun ko anujivi gun kahate hai. The positive attributes are known as anujivi guna; e.g. soul’s positive attributes like consciousness, knowledge, perception, conduct, happiness and matter’s positive attributes are like touch taste, smell etc. Jain Siddhant Prashnottarmala Q. no. 199, 200. see also pratijivi gun.
Anukampa: Compassion
Anukampaa Kindness to all living creatures; Compassion; Kindness; Mercy
Anukrama Succession; Order, serial order, sequence; method; arrangement; due order; rule; regulation; custom; practice.
Anukrsti Subsequent tract
Anukul Coincide; Comfortable; Congenial; Favorable; Aggrable; Confirmable; Friendly; Kind; Well disposed, well-inclined; suitable; well-adapted, fit; agreeable; beneficial; convenient; propitious, conducive, helpful.
Anuloma Natural order
Anumaana Right logical deductions and inference, inference, anticipation, syllogism, instrument of inference, inferential knowledge is knowledge that results through the instrumentation of some other knowledge.
It is the efficient instrument of inferential cognition.

Nyaay claims there are five members of a syllogism: Thesis (pratignaa), reason (hetu), exemplification (udaaharan), subsumptive correlation (upnaya) and conclusion (nigaman).
There are five conditions to be fulfilled in a valid inference.
1: The reason must be present in the minor term (paksha)
2: The reason must be found wherever the major term (Saadhya) is found,
3: The reason must not be found wherever the major term is not found
4: The reason must not be related to something absurd,
5: The reason must not be contradicted by an equally strong middle term (hetu).
Ref: A concise dictionary of Indian philosophy by John Grimes.

Anumahaan atomic matter particle having only one space point of area but has capacity to join with many atomic particles is known as anumahaan
ref: Panchastikaay gatha 4
Anumana: Inference
Anumanika: Inferential
Anumata Approved; Assented to; Permitted; Allowed; Agreeable; Pleasant; Loved; Beloved; Cconcurred

with; Being of one opinion; Entice others to act

Anumati Assent; Permission; Approbation
Anumati-tyaga: Preparatory to the monk’s life. Enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to aquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Anumatityaga-pratima: The tenth stage in which a layman refrains from all household activities
Anumatityaga-pratimaa Model stage of refraining from household activity
Anumeya object of inference, inferable, deducible
Anumiti Inference
Anumiti: Inference
Anumodan Supporting; Applauding; Praising; Aprroval, consent; confirmation; support, Praise
Anup incomparable, excellent, best, matchless
Anup urvi pascat Reverse order
Anupa-sanhari Inconclusive fallacy
Anupalambha: Non-observation, non perception. An means no and uplambh means knowledge
Anupama Incomparable; Excellent; Best; Matchless, unequalled, best
Anupapatti inapplicability; irrelevance; inconclusive reasoning; absence of argument or conclusion; failure
Anuparivartana Rotation
Anupatt Unacceptable elements by soul e.g. light, discourses


Anupatta: Matter which is not taken in by the soul.
Anupayoga: Not in actual use
Anupayukta: Without attention
Anupcharita Literal; Factual, un fictitious, non factitious stand point, literal stand point, real, upadhi ya upcharit
ka abhav. This corresponds to inseparable accident of the scholastic logic. for example: This is my body. Body is identified with self according to this particular partial point of view.
To make divisions in pure attribute and the substance is literal stand point of view- anupcharit. To have close relationship with two elements is expressed as
literal point of view.- e.g. body and soul occupies same space points so it is literal impure synthetic point of view- anupacharit asadbhut. To have knowledge mode and soul having identical inherent relationship and therefore is literal pure synthetic point of view. – anupcharit sadbhut vyavahaar naya.
Anupcharita asad bhut naya Informal non existent purport meaning, stand point expressing the unity of different substances eg. unity of body and soul
Anupcharita sad bhut naya Informal existent purport meaning, stand point expressing the differentiation between virtues and virtuous one, suddha guna and guni me bhed ka kathan karna.
Anuplabdhi non-perception, incomprehension; non-acquisition., avidyamaan, not existing; dead; absent.
Anuplabdhi non cognition, absence of an object is known due to its non cognition, it is a specific cause of an immediate knowledge of non existence, something related to non availability, saadhya ko siddh karne ke liye jis hetu ki praapti saadhya mein na mile,
Anuplabdhi hetu negative middle hypothesis, negative middle premise, relation of negation
Anuplabdhi hetu something related to nonavailability. Contrast word is uplabhdi hetu means cause of valid cognition, established hypothesis.
Anuplabdhi pramaan absence of perception, uplabdhi no abhaav, pramaan no abhaav, In anuplabhi pramaan there is absence of knowledge which as such occurs with five pramaans.- Panch pramaan dwaaraa thataa gnaan no abhaav. For example, There is no book on this table. How is this knowledge occurring? It is not a direct perception – pratyaksha pramaan. In this example, absence of book’s knowledge occurs due to absence of any perception regarding the book. This is not a direct knowledge- pratyaksha pramaan. One can know the things with senses but absence of thing can not be perceive with any senses. Therefore the knowledge of absence of book occurs due to anuplabdhi pramaan. This is the way
Kumaril Bhatt philosophy believes. This is also not an inferential knowledge because absence and non perception both do not have inherent relationship. Anuplabdhi pramaan is also not sabd pramaan or upmaan pramaan because its knowledge is not related to the sentence spoken from an authoritative person – aapta vaakya, or by resemblance – saadrashy. Therefore anuplabdhi pramaan is considered as stand alone pramaan. This is the belief of Kumaril bhatt philosophy.
Anuppatti inapplicability; irrelevance; inconclusive reasoning; absence of argument or conclusion; failure
Anupreksa or Anuprexa (1) Reflection of learning and hearing; (1) Bhaavanaa;

(2) Self-conteplation i.e. Thinking with rationalizing; (3) Contemplation, absorb in meditative state

Anupreksa: Reflection, twelve kinds
Anupreksha: Meditation, contemplation, bhaavanaa, reflection, deep thinking, deep study.
Anuprexaa meditative state, contemplation, reflection, contemplating the knowledge acquired is reflection. As such there is no difference between anuprexaa and dhyaan except for their fruition. In anuprexaa – contemplation- one contemplates on 12 bhaavnaas – contemplations- and with that one obtains indifferent type of attitude towards them. Those bhaavanaas are unitariness, transitoriness, separateness etc 12 types. In dhyaan, one takes his mind away from different objects and concentrates on one object only – Chitt ne anek vishay mathi hataavine ek vishay ma sthir kari shakay chhe ( moksha shastra gujarati adhyay 9 page no. 590-591), In anuprexa one contemplates with many thoughts on one subject only. One keeps on thinking on one subject only but thoughts keeps on changing. For example, one is having contemplation on transitoriness state. Here thoughts keep on changing but the subject of transitoriness does not change. આમા એક જ વિષય ઉપરના અનેક વિચારો છે. આમા કલા એક વિષય ઉપર જ
વિચારવામા આવે છે. એમા વિષય બદલાતો નથી. માત્ર વિકલ્પ બદલાતા રહે છે. દા.ત. અિનત્ય કરતી
વખત પદાર્થના અિનત્ય સ્વભાવ વાળા જ વિચારો કરવામા આવે છે. વિચારો બદલાય 9, પણ પદાર્થના અિનત્ય સ્વભાવનો વિષય બદલાતો નથી.
ચિંતન = એક વિષય એક વિકલ્પ
ભાવના – એક વિષય એક જ (કારના વિકલ્પ ‘+ પુનરાવર્તન
જ્ઞાન = એક વિષય એક વિકલ્પ પુનરાવર્તનનો અભાવ વિચારનો અભાવ, વિચાર ની ઉપસ્થિતિ વિકલ્પોથી છuટા રEવાનો અXયાસ ઉપયોગ ની P[ય તરફ સ]^ખતા
(Ref: Atmasiddhi vivechan by Shri Rakeshbhai part 4 page 35-37)
There are twelve contemplations: They are:
1: Transitory contemplation- anitya anuprexaa: every thing is transient in nature 2: Helplessness contemplation – asharan anuprexaa: The feeling that soul is
unprotected from fruition of karma. e.g. death etc.
3: Transmigration contemplation- sansaar anuprexaa: soul moves in the cycle of existences and cannot attain true happiness till it cuts of transmigration
4: Loneliness contemplation – ekatva anuprexaa: I am alone the doer of my actions and the endurer of its fruition.
5: separateness contemplation – anyatva anuprexaa: The world, my relations and friends, my body and mind all are distinct and separate from my real self.
6: Impurity contemplation – ashuchi anuprexaa: The body is impure and dirty.
7: Inflow contemplation – aasrav anuprexaa: The inflow of karma is the cause of my mundane existence and it is the product of my toxic emotions
8: Stoppage contemplation – samvar anuprexaa: the inflow of the karma must be stopped.
9: Shedding contemplation – samvar anuprexaa: karmic matters must be shed from or shaken out of soul.
10: Universe contemplation- lok anuprexaa: nature of the universe and its constituent elements in all their vast variety proving the significance and miserable nothingness of man in the time and space.
11: rarity of religious knowledge – bodhi durlabh anuprexaa: rarity of religious knowledge. It is difficult to attain right belief knowledge and conduct.
12: Reflection on the nature of the religious path as preached by Omniscient Lords contemplation – dharma anuprexaa: One contemplates on the true nature of the three fold path of liberation.
Anupurvi: Migratory form; the power of retaining the form of the last incarnation during transmigration, i.e., in the passage from one to another condition of existence.
Anupuvi Serial; Serial order; Order
Anupuvi yathata tatha Irregular order
Anuraag attachment; affection, love; addiction
Anuraagi who is attached or devoted; who has affection, love or liking for; passionate
Anuradh To carry to an end; To finish with
Anuradha Effected; Accomplished; Obtained
Anurupa Comfortable; Corresponding; Like; Ssuitable; Adapted to; According to; Conformity; Suitablility; Confirmable; Accordingly
Anusanchita Accumulated
Anusarana Follow, act of following; imitating; imitation, pursuing, going after
Anushhna Cold
Anusilana Practice; Deep thought
Anusochana Continuoua thinking
Anusreni gati Linear motion
Anusthaana Religious Celebration; Ritual Activity; Religion Performance; Ritual with knowledge, ritual performance, observing the rituals, doing, performance; religious ceremony; commencement of an undertaking; previous preparation.
Anusyuti anvay purvak jodaan, oneness in many
Anut-kasayi Scant-passioned
Anutata Splitting type; A sound tape
Anutkrasta Non-maximum
Anutkrusht see apkarshan
Anutpatti non production, not yet produced, preparation for future state, unproduced, unborn
Anutseka Non-areogance
Anuttar dev see details in vaimaanik dev
Anutthaan non interruption
Anuvartan obliging, serving or gratifying another, compliance, obedience, following, attending, concurring, consequence, result, continuance, supplying from previous rule
Anuvartaniya to be followed, to be supplied from a previous rule, Anuvartin – following, attending, a path previously walked by another
Anuvichi bhaashana Conscientious speech
Anuvichi yachana Shelter begging
Anuvidhaayak obedient, Anusarnaar
Anuvidhaayi obedient, anusarto
Anuvrata (1) A vow that is not as strict as a Mahavrat. Anuvrats are for people living family lives. The five vratas are: Ahimsa (non-violence), truth, non-stealing, non- possessiveness and chastity or self-control. (2) Minor Vow; (3) Lesser, partial limited and qualified vow; (4) partial vows (5) Vow of truth; (6) Minor vow of truth, partial vows, partial renunciation
Anuvratadhari Minor vower
Anuvrati Small vow holder
Anuvratis Householders who observes small vows
Anuvrutt to follow, pursue, to follow from previous rule, be supplied from a previous sentence, to attend, to obey, respect, imitate, to resemble, to expect, walking after, following, continuity, persistence
Anuyaayee Follower
Anuyoga Exposition; Disquisition; An elaborate analytical or

explanatory essay or discussion, Branches of scriptures. There are four types: 1.Prathamaanuyog – expositions related to mythology, for teaching some
one about philosophy – samzaane ke liye
2. Charanaanuyog – expositions related to ethics,apne ko chalne ke liye, for one to walk on the pathway to spirituality
3. Karanaanuyog – expositions related to etiology and cosmology, apne ko samazne ke liye- to understand one’s self.
4. Dravyaanuyog – expositions related to metaphysics, apne tak pahuchne ke liye- for achieving the self.

Anuyoga dvaara Disquisition door; Gateway of disquisition
Anvarth having quality according to the name.
Anvay Datti to hand over all assets to successors. – at 9th pratimaa, Shraavak gives away all his possessions to his son or someone else. He is anvay datti.
Anvay drashtaantaabhaas illustrative apprehensive of goal. in presence of means one is unable to see goal, fallacy of anvay drashtaant.
Anvay drastaant example from affirmative perspective, affirmative illustration, it is called anvil drastaant when in presence of means, resources- saadhan- one understands presence of goal, thing to be achieved- saadhya.
Anvay dravya mutually related substance
Anvay dravyaarthik naya stand point related with substantive connection
Anvay kaa visheshan different things present in anvay. Attributes of the substance. the attributes remain in all the area of the substance and in any situation is known as attribute. Unchanging attributes remain present forever in the substance and therefore it is known as anvya kaa visheshan.(pravachansar stanza 80)
Anvay kaa vyatirek Absence of a reason and there is absence of activity is known as vyatirek. Kaaran ke abhaav me kaarya kaa abhaav ko vyatirek kahte hai. (pariksha mukh page 36). Anyvay means substance and attriutes then vyatirek means modes. Anvay is unity then vyatirek is differences.(panchaastikaay gaathaa 5)
Vyatirek means differences from time perspective. It has only stay for one samay. modes are known as anvay kaa vyatirek.
Anvay kaa vyatirek means modes of the anvay, modes of the substance. Vyatirek keeps on changing with each samay. Each mode is independent and will not be seen again as it is independent in nature. (pravachansar stanza 80)
Anvay paddhati method of agreement
Anvay Shakti attribute, gun, attributes of a substance
Anvay vyaapti mutual existence, presence, in presence of means to show presence of goal. Saadhan ki mojudagi mein saadhya ki mojudagi bataanaa
Anvay vyatirek kaa abhaav For example, the thing (e.g. mosquito) is not there still one ends up knowing about it and the substance (e.g. hair on top of the head) is there but one does not know about it. (pariksha mukh- P. 36)
Anvay vyatireki affirmation cum negation, illustration of connection and negation, positive and negative assertion; agreement and contrariety.
Anvaya Logical continuance; Affirmation; Cohort of monks; Even if something is there to think how if it is there, attributes, ekrooptaa, saadrastaa, oneness, identical, sadrash bhaav, when vyatirek is attributes and modes then anvay is substance. “An” means stable and “vay” means modification, stable with modification is anvay, eternal substance, association, connection; the proper order or connection of words in a sentence; logical connection, of cause and effect; race, family, lineage; purport, sat, Thing which remains eternal and with full capacity, kaayam rahenaru saamarthya vaalu tatva.
According to Panchaadhyaayi (stanza 142): anvil meaning is as follow: “anu” means without any hinderance constant flow. “aya” means movement. the one which keeps on flowing without any hinderance is anvay. Attribute forever stays with substance and therefore anvay.

Activity occurs because of having presence of a reason is also known as anvyay. Kaaran hone par kaarya ka honaa usko anvay kahate hai (pariksha mukh page 36), (panchaastikaay gaathaa 5)
The one which remains unchanged in any situation is known as anvay. Here it means substance.(pravachansar stanza 80)
logical connection with lineage. Flow.
Association, connection; the proper order or connection of words in a sentence; logical connection, of cause and effect; race, family, lineage; purport.
Constant flow,following, succession, connection, association, being linked to or connected with, natural order of connection of words in to a sentence, syntax, construing, logical connection of words, logical connection of cause and effect,

Anvaya-vyatireka Positive and negative; Affirmation-cum-negation.
Anvaya-vyatireki udaaharana Affirmative-cum-negative; Illustration.
Anvayaabhaav non existence of coherence, saahachary sambandh kaa abhaav
Anvayaarth meaning of verse in prose.
Anvayarth Meaning of verse in prose
Anvaye according to, in accordance with; by virtue of.
Anvayi concomitant, continuant, connected, related; racial, – Anvay means flow. In any given attribute there is constant flow of modifications occurring forever. In each of
this mode, the attribute remains constant and therefore anvayi. (Ref: panchaadhyaayi gatha 137-163)
Anvayi vishesho attributes. Vyatirek vishesho means modes.(pravachansar stanza 80)
Anvayinik dowry
Anvayvyatirek eternal substance with its attributes and modes, positive and negative assertion; agreement and contrariety.
Anvesana Pursuance; Search
Anveshan investigation; search; audit.
Anveshan pursuance, search
Anvikshaa supposition according to scriptures and practical experience, pratyaksh aur aagam ke aashrit anumaan
Anvya panu attributes of a substance
Anya another; different; belonging to another
Anya vaadi person giving altered testimony
Anya-drastisanstava Praising the alien view; Praising heterodoxy.
Anyapoha mutual non existence. e.g. to have absence of one substance’s mode in another mode of the same substance.
Anyathaa Otherwise; Except it
Anyathaaunpapannatva avinaabhaav, inherent relationship.
Anyathaavrutti The upyoga or activity of self or soul is prevailing otherplace not within itself.
Anyathanupapatti Otherwise impossible
Anyatirthika Heretic; Alien creedar; Alien viewer
Anyatva Seperateness, being different, non identity, differentiation
Anyatva bhaavana The aloneness of Soul
Anyonya Mutual relativity
anyonya abhaav mutual non existence
Anyonya vrutti dependent on each others, to exists due to each others.
Anyonyaabhaava Mutual non-existence; reciprocal non existence, Absence of mutual modification of matter in each other
Anyonyaghatana hetvabhasa Mutual dependent fallacy
Ap wrong, evil
Apa Water
Apa desh dravya shrut, material scriptural knowledge, mention, mentioning the name of; pretext, pretense; statement of reason or cause., a sentence
Apa dhyaana Evil thinking
Apa varga Emancipation; Salvation
Apa varga emancipation, salvation
Apaadaana kaaraka Producer, ablative case
Apaan breath of inhalation.
Apaarthak want of syntactical construction, incoherent
Apaarthik purposeless
Apaasara Temple without idol; A place of worship for Jain Swetaamber faith
Apaavan vitiated, impaired
Apaay misfortune, calamity, to disintegrate
Apad Inclination of attachment etc are non protection- arakshan, non guarding to the soul. They are non characteristic- alakshan- of the soul. They do not belong- asthaan – in soul. (definition as given in Adhyatma tarangini), It is asharan and asthaan, no adobe, wrong place or time, non self entity.
apad bhut અપદ ભૂત, non real entity
Apadbhut dravay bhaav soul’s inclination of attachment and aversion and also fruition of material karma, dravya karma and bhaav karma.
Apadhyana Evil thought
Apadinna Without guile
Apakaar detriment, harm injury
Apakaari non forgiver.
Apakarsana Decrease in the intensity of the karmic effect
Apakarsana kala Attenuation period
Apakarshan decrease in earned karma.
Apakarshha The determination for longevity for next life, deterioration, decline
Apakram devolve; go away; retreat, law of movement
Apakshapat Impartiality
Apakva karma unmatured karma
Apakva paachan premature fruition of karma, udiranaa
Apalaapa Unattachment, repudiation, rejection of proposal or idea,concealing, hiding; concealment, evasion, or denial of truth or fact.
Apaliptamana Unattached mind
Apana Inbreath; Anusal air
Apanaapan sense of belonging to oneself; self-identification; individuality; self-consciousness; egotism,Potaapanu
Apar having nothing beyond or after, having no rival or superior, posterior, later, following, western, inferior, another, different, distant, opposite
Apar Bhaava after existence, succession, continuation
Apar guru superior guru e.g. Gandhar etc.
Apar guru Superior guru e.g. Gandhaar etc.
Apar lok another word, paradise
Apar paksha later half of month, opposite side, defendant
Apar purush descendant
Apar ratra later half of the night, end of the night
Aparaadha Guilt, fault; offense, crime; sin
Aparaadhin not dependent on other
Aparaapar another and another, various
Aparaardhya without a maximum, unlimited
Aparakrama Fast by weak
Aparaspar not reciprocal, not one by other, one after another
Aparatva Posteriority; Inferiority; Non-precedent; Non-priority
Aparibhuta Unsurpassed
Aparigaha anuvrata Minor vow of non-possession
Aparigrah vrata Vow of non-possesson
Aparigraha Non-possession; Non-attachment; Non- possessiveness; One of the mahavrats and anuvrats.
Aparigrahita gamana Enjoying unauthorised woman
Aparihin Perfect
Aparimarjita Un-sweeped; Uunswept
Aparimita Without measured or measurement, immeasurable; vast, extensiv, Unproportional, unmeasured, indefinite, unlimited
Aparinaami Unchanging, eternal, permanent, non transforming, immutable.
Aparisesa Whole; Complete
Aparisravita Non-flowing purificational quality
Aparivartmana madhyama Unreturnable; Unchanging medium
Aparyaapta Incomplete; incompletely developed, non developable, non developed, incomplete development of organs or faculties, incompletion, One who cannot accomplish any of the powers and who dies before any development is called undeveloped power. – aparyaapti, Non-completioned; Non-developed.
Aparyapti Non-complition; A namakama; Non-developedness.
Aparyavasthit infinite, infinity
Apasaranakala Regression Period
Apasiddhanta Erroneous doctrine/conclusion.
Apasmara Epilepsy
Apauruseya Divine; Supra-humanly
Apavaad sutra the sutra concerning the exceptions of the general rule of conduct
Apavaada vesa Exceptional garb
Apavarg nirupan nature of emancipation
Apavarga Liberation; Salvation
Apavartana Hastening; Attenuation; Time reduction; It is the transformation or the decrease in the states and

intensities of the effects of bondage, cancellation

Apavartana sankramana It is the process of the reduction of the experience and the effects of the karmic intensities.
Apavartaniya Time reducible
Apavartya shortening by the presence of external objects such as passions weapons etc., It is the premature realization of the ayukarma as in the case of death by accident or poisoning.
Apavaryaayushya those whose lives are cut short
Apaya Perceptual judgement
Apaya (1) Perceptual judgement (2) It refers to the stage of perceptual experience (indriya pratyaksa).
Apaya vichaya Cogitational meditation on worldly troubles.
Apayasha Defamation
Apayavichaya Self-dependence oriented righteous meditation
Apayopayadarsi Preceptor
Apekshaa Consideration of; Reference; Expectation; Regard; Depend; Anticipation, kishi dharma ko mukhya karna is apeksha, To give importance to some property of a substance is known as apeksha , desire; need, requirement; [gr.] presence of a word necessary to complete sense; reference; regard to; dependence of; connection of cause and effect; expectation; hope; need requirement;with regard to;
There are three meanings of apekshaa:
one: is in the form of dependency, expectation
second: avinaabhaavi panaa – dravya has apekshaa of the mode. Here it is in the form of concomitance,
third: vivakshit dharma ko mukhya karnaa apeksha hai-to give importance to some property of a substance. Other name for this is naya.
Apekshita Considered; Referred to; Expected; Required; Wished; Wanted, desired
Aphal fruitless; wasted, useless barren.
Aphoh assimilation, negation of opposite
Aphorism an original thought written or spoken in concise and memorable form
Apinda prakrati Non-Concrete karma type
Apitu but
Apkaay water bodies, water creatures
Apkaayik water bodied
Apoh vaad is the name given to the theory according to which an object is conceived to be negation of its opposite, Dignaata is the earliest exponent of this theory, negationnist
Apoha Doubt removal; Exclusion, to strip off, denying, to strip off, removing
Apohak remover
Apohruptaa Entirely different forever, forever negativity, to end the relationship with each other, sarvathaa nakaaraatmakpanu, sarvathaa bhinntaa.
Apokayika Water bodies
Apra-vachana Scriptural texts
Apraapt kaal violetion of the temporal order
Aprabhu Incapable
Apradarshit vyatirek undemostrated concomitance indifference
Apradarshitaanvay undemonstrated concomitance in agreement.
Apradesa Mono-spatial; Dimensionless
Apradeshi having only one space point. Absolute time occupies only one space point.
Aprakampa Vibration-less
Apramaada Vigilance,error
Apramaan erroneous cognition
Apramaan dosh eating without measure, i.e more than what is permissible
Apramana Immeasurable; Invalid; A food fault
Apramatta Peaceful (shaanta); Careful; Vigilant; Active; Pure self-efforts, not careless, attentive .non slothful, vigilant of duties, to be attentive in self, a state of soul in which the soul is attentive in itself
Apramatta muni Vigilant saint; Vigilant monk
Apramatta sanyata Vigilantly restrained, perfect self control
Apramattavirati Vigilant abstinence, perfect vowed, seventh stage of spiritual development stage
Aprapyakari Non-contactile
Apraschana Questioning
Aprashasta Unwholesome; Hurtful to others; Bad evil conduct, not praiseworthy, contemptible, censurable; low mean; inferior, non gracious
Aprashasta raaga Raag for raag; Prashasta raag means raag for vitragta, devotion in prayer for lord, teacher and scriptures. woman, king, thief and food related

gossips and having inclination of attachment for these things are known as aprashasta raag.

Aprasiddh unknown, not famous, unpublished.
Aprasuka Impure; Unsterillised
Aprathak-bhuta Non-separate
Apratibaddha Independent; Free; Without any bondage, without any obstruction
Apratibuddha Agnaani; Ignorant, ignorant soul, away from spiritual wisdom.
Apratighata Unpreventable; Resistence-free
Apratihata Non-uprooted, unobstructed, irresistible, uninterrupted, unaffected, unimpaired, indestructible, uninjured.
Apratipad confused
Apratipat infallibility , non termination, non destroyable
Apratipati It is a form of avadhijnana (clairvoyance) which lasts

upto the kevalajnana (omniscience); Infallible

Apratipatin infallible
Apratipatti non ascertainment, not understanding, state of being undecided.non performance, failure., default of understanding, agnaan, ignorance.
Apratisthita pratyeka Un-supporting individual plant; Non-parasitic plants; A category of plants
Apratyaakhyaana Minor vows impeding; Passion which disturbs complete

abstinence; Non-abstinence; Partial-vow preventing

Apratyaakhyaana kashaaya Intenser type of passion which hinders partially; It refers to the kasaayas or passions which inhibit the
Apratyaakhyaani kashaay partial vow preventing toxic emotions, passions
Apratyakhyana varana Obscuration of partial-rennuciation
Apratyaveksita Carelessly
Apravichaa Immune to sex; Without sexual desire
Aprayojak without any motive, useless.
Apriya Unpleasant; Not dear
Apruthagbhut abhinn, inseparable
Apsarana Reduction
Apunaravrtti Non-repetition
Apunarbandhak The living being who is now not going to have bondage of karma in intense state.
Apunarbhav moksha, liberation
Apunarukt never to be repeated again.
Apurva Never before; New; Unprecedented; Incomparable; Extra ordinary; Unparalleled
Apurvaarth The substance which was never been decided with its true nature with right knowledge in the past, is known as apurvaarth. Comprehensive knowledge makes decision regarding such type of apurvaarth. Jis padaarth kaa
pahale kabhi kisi sachche gnaan se nirnay nahi huaa ho use apurvaarth kahate hai. Pramaan gnaan aise apurvaarth kaa nischay kartaa hai. The conceptual knowledge is the second part of the congnitive knowledge ( ihss gnaan mati gnaan ka dushraa bhed hai). The subject of this conceptual knowledge is considered as apurvaarth. – Pariksha mukh chapter 1 sutra 4.
Any substance known by comprehensive knowledge but still there is some doubt, illusion ( erroneous congition) or inconclusiveness (Sanshay viparyay ane anadhyavashay) then also that substance is known as apurvaarth. ( pariksha mukh chapter 1 sutra 5)
Apurvakarana Unprecedented degree of purity; 8th stage.
Apurvartha Undecided; Unprecedeted
Apurvavaani Remarkable special speech beneficial to all souls.
Apvad exception, unique, censure. blame
Apvad ling soul with attachment
Apvad marga exceptional way, it indicates qualified form of dispassion, characterized by taking food, possession of sacred books, feather wisk (pinchhi) , and gourd (kamandal) and the acceptance of pupils.
Apvarga Liberation; Salvation, completion, fulfillment; absolution, moksha, end, emancipation of soul from bodily existence, exemption from further transmigration, final beatitude
Arahanta Enlightened one; Venerable
Arahatas Arihanta
Arahnaath Eighteenth teerthankara
Arakshaa fear of being without protection
Arakshan non protection; non guarding; non defense.
Arambhaja hinsa Accidental / Occupational Violeance.
Arambhatyaga-himsa Violence occurring either accidentally or through the performance of an acceptable occupation.
Aramghtyaga pratimaa Model stage of occupational withdrawal.
Aranyarudan cry in the wilderness, vain or wasted efforts
Aras without any taste.
Arata dhyaana Painful concentration
Arati Dis-pleasure; Disliking; Ennui worship, absence of pleasure; disinterestedness; aversion, hatred
Aratiya Later scholars
Aray, Aryika Noble woman; Nun; Digambar nuns
Archana Worship
Ardha-bhara A standard measure
Ardha-karsa A standard measure
Ardha-maagadhi A form of prakira language, language of Jina


Ardha-mani A Standard measure
Ardha-phalaka Lioin-clothed monks; An extinct sect; A piece of cloth worn by ancient Jaina monks
Ardhamaagadhi bhaasa It is the ancient language spoken half the part of the Magadhadesa and it included the 18 dialects.
Ardhanaraca An osseous structure; Half-Inter-locking and pinning joints
Ardhapala A standared measure
Ardhapanchama 4 ½.
Ardhatula A standard measure
Ardhpudgala paraavartana Half embodiment time cycle ; A time unit
Arghya Very expensive, auspicious offering for lord.
Arghya or Argha Respectful offering; Composite offering auspicious offering.
Arhan Enlightened one; Venerable.
Arhat Enlightened one; Venerable.
Arhata Follower of Jainism or Jain
Arihanta (1) Conqueror of internal enemies, such as anger, pride, deceit, greed, jealousy, hatred, intrigue and various other passions; (2) Omniscient lord; omniscient lord with physical body, one who has destroyed all obscuring karma. (3)

Adorable, Karma destroyers; (4) The “Jina” the victor or conqueror; (5) An Omniscient lord with supernatural corporeal body

Arihanta jina Literally conqueror of inner enemies like passion,
Arma-prasamsa Self-praise
Arma-samvedana Self intuition; Self-experience.
Arma-tula Self-like
Arpana Adopted standpoint; Particularity; Perminence, giving, offering; presentation, dedication, entrusting
Arpita Prominent
Arth kriyaa purposeful activity
Arth kriyaa sampann endowed with purposeful activity
Arth vikalpa abstraction (vikalpa) of the self and non self substances, Self and non self to be illuminating at the same time, knowledge
Artha Subject matter; Substratum; Meaning; Object; Implicit mode; Reality; Dravya Guna and Paryaya are called

Artha; Wealth, vidyamaan vastu, object, substance, self and non self substances, universe is eternal with self and non self substances, It is known as “arth”. (pravachansaar stanza 124). universe, ऋ धातु का अथर् है – गमन करना।. Every attributes stay together so is called arth. other meaning of ऋ धातु is “with whom one gets it”- jenaathi pamaay te. Arth- ऋ धातु का अथर् है – गमन करना। ऋ is the root of the verb. It means to move. Attributes keep on moving continuously forever. Therefor is known as arth.

Artha prakaasa Illumination of object
Artha samaya System of reality
Artha-danda Objective violence; Purposeful violence
Artha-karta Author of the meaning
Artha-paryaaya Object mode (non-spatial); In-distinct mode, guna paryaay, Mode of all the attributes except for “extension in to space” attribute’s mode- without pradeshatva gun ni paryaay, attributive modification, substantive modification. they are of two types: natural substantive modification- swabhaav arth paryaay and alienated arth paryaay – vibhaav arth paryaay. Arth paryaay is also known as guna paryaay (ref: pravachansaar gaathaa 93), modes of infinite attributes. Dravya paryaay means modes of a substance. Arth paryaay means all the modes of attributes except for mode of the substance. Ref: Jain siddhant Praveshika English Q. no. 43
Artha-sandrasti Symbolism
Arthaachaar Understanding the meaning and full significance of words, phrases and
texts – Arhthaachaar
Arthaantar different substances, Bhinn panu
Arthaapatti consequences, implication, presumption, inferential knowledge, supposition of the meaning, for example by seeing the flood one makes inference of rain, Postulation, presumption: postulation is valid source of knowledge – pramaan – for Mimaansaa and Advaita school. According to them it is of two types:
1:Postulation from what is heard – Shrut arthaapatti. Example: Some
one heard that city of Kashi is located on river Ganga. One makes implication from this that city can not be on the water. But it has to be on the bank of the river Ganga.
2: Postulation from what is seen – Drashtaa artaapatti. Example: Fat Devdutt does not eat during day.That means implied meaning is to say that he eats at night.
Arthaavbodh vishesh knowledge of mode
Arthadhikara Topic; Chapter
Arthagama Knowledge from text
Arthanaya It is that point of view or naya, which is different from vyanjana and is distinguished from the other characteristics like gender, number, time and agency; Objective standpoint importal standpoint, object naya as their nature is to determine object’s Artha samay – system of reality.
Arthantara Unrelated meaning
Arthapatti Implication
Arthavagraha Apprehension; It is determinate confessional stage in which there is the awareness of the sensation.
Arthavbodh અર્થવબોધની સમજ, અર્થબોધ, meaning of the word or sentence knowledge of a thing, padarth ka gnan..
Arthavbodh samanya knowledge of soul as substance.
Aruhanta Non-rebirthing
Aruk non ailment
Arupa Without form
Arupi Formless matter; It has no characteristics of sabda
Arupi ajiva Formless non-living, Non-material non-living.
Aryanka Noble people; Civilized people; A human race.
Asaadana Denying the truth proclaimed by another person by body or speech i.e. disregard of knowledge; Disregard

of knowledge taught by another person; Denial

Asaadhaaran uncommon, Exceptional, Extraordinary, distinct.
Asaadhaaran rup unique property
Asaata Pain
Asaataavedaniya Unpleasant-feeling- producing
Asaatana Disrespect; Completely disrespectful conduct
Asad bhuta Impure synthetic, Expressing unitary ness of distinct entities, non real, wrong
Asadbhaav sambanddh related to the transient mode of a substance, related to non real entity
Asadbhut not existing or present; dead; absent, avidyamaan
Asadbhut vyavahar naya impure synthetic practical point of view, empirical point of view expressing unitariness of distinct entities, To establish relationship in two different substances is known as asadbhut vyavahaar naya.,
1:To serve one’s motive, one establishes relationship with two entirely different things is known as asdbhut,
2: To establish relationship with different things is known as vyavahaar and 3:One which makes knowledge regarding this association is the part of right
scriptural knowledge and therefore is known as naya.
To make analogy(upchaar) of one substance in to another, one attribute in to another, one mode in to another mode, substance in to attribute, substance in to mode, attribute in to substance, attribute in to mode, mode in to substance, and mode in to attribute. By these nine things one should know impure synthetic practical point of view – asadbhut vyavahaar naya. (naya rahashya – Abhyakumarji page 155)
Asadbhuta vyavahaara naya Impure synthetic practical point of view; Non- substantive practical standpoint
Asadgunod bhaavana Display of non-exixing merit
Asadrashya utpaad changing property of a substance for example the mango keeps on changing from green to yellow etc.
Asahaay having no companion, alone; helpless.
Asailesi Non-recklike
Asaiyama Non restraint; incontinence; indiscipline
Asaiyoga Non association
Asakti Attachment
Asamaan jaati dravya paryaaya mode of the two substances of different types, living and non living matter staying together,soul and body to occupy same space units, mode of a substance as a result of association of two different substances.
Asamaan Jaati Vyanjan Paryaay mode of the two substances of different types, living and non living matter staying together,soul and body to occupy same space units, mode of a substance as a result of association of two different substances.
Asamarth incompetent, unable, weak, poor.
Asamartha karana Non-efficient cause; Incompetent cause
Asamavayi karana Non-material cause
Asambaddh unconnected, inconsistent; meaningless; improper.
Asambhava dosa Impossibility flaw
Asammoha Free from delusion
Asammudh one simply knows and does not get attached to the fruition of karma and thereby does not become fool by joining with them.
Asamyam non restraint
Asamyatt unopposed
Asamyog non association, absence of union
Asamyut not combined, uncombined
Asandigdh without any doubt, clear.
Asanga attachment free, detachment
Asangata absurd, inconsistent, inappropriate
Asangna aasrav inanimate inflow.
Asangni irrational, Non-rational; Non-instinctive; Without mind; Irrational; Not endowed with faculty of reasoning.
Asangni panchendriya five sense living being without mind, five sense living being without rationality
Asangnyaapta Heretic
Asankhyaat aasankhyaat multiple of innumerable. – non combined, separated.
Asankhyaat bhaag vruddhi innumerable part increase
Asankhyaat gun haani innumerable times decrease
Asankhyaat gun vruddhi innumerable times increase, innumerable multiply numerable.
Asankhyaata Innumerable; Countless, example given is divide perimeter by diameter. i.e. divide 22 by 7. This will give the number which is given an example for asankhyaat.
Asankirna bhelsel vinaanu, without mixing up with any thing.
Asansaara samapannaka Salvated; Liberated
Asanyama Non-restraint
Asanyama Non-abstinence; Non-restraint
Asanyata Avirat or without virati
Asanyog absence of union or connection.
Asanyukt unconnected, uncombined
Asanyukta non combined, unconnected, uncombined.
Asarana Refugeless
Asarananupreksa Reffection on utter refugelessness
Asaray Substratum
Asasvata Non-etenal
Asat Non entity, Unreal; False; Non-being; Non-extisting
Asat kriya sinful action
Asat utpaad origination from non entity
Asat-vedya Pain-causing karma; Pain feeling karma
Asata-vedniya Pain-causing karma; Pain feeling karma
Asati A measure; Handful of grains
Asatsang Association with non religious persons, sinful association, evil association, wicked association
Asattva non existence
Asatva without energy or vigor; worthless, without substance; without merit or goodness. n. non-existence; absence; untruth, falsehood; badness, wickedness.
Asatya Lying; Untruthfulness, unreal, false, untrue; imaginary, unreal. n. falsehood, untruth; unreality; illusion.
Asatya manoyog false mind ibration
Asatya vachanyog false speech vibration
Asatyaarth Abhutaarth, unreal, improbable, untrue, wrong
Ascharya Miracle; Extraordinary event
Ashaataa feeling of anguish, restlessness, disquiet; uneasiness, agony, pain, torture, suffering, misery, distress, grief, despair
Ashaataa vedaniya karma pain producing karma
Ashaatanaa unholiness; making unholy, defilement.
Ashang free from attachment
Asharan insecure, helpless, without shelter
Asharan sharan refuge of the helpless, God
Asharira Disembodied soul.
Ashata Feeling of anguish; Discomfort
Ashauch greediness
Ashi From of request to leave the temple from guardian deity, May I go for essential duties.
Asho-pravrittakarana Low-tended operation
Ashraavanatva nature of inaudibility.
Ashraddhaa want of faith, lack of reverence
Ashradhaan wrong perception
Ashtha-mula-guna Eight cardinal principal
Ashubh upyog soul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness, unwholesome
Ashubha Inauspicious, sinful
Ashubha bhava Inauspicious disposition; Inasuspicious sentiments
Ashubha raga Ungracious attachment
Ashuchi unclean, impure, unholy; rendered ceremonially impure owing to birth or death in the family. f. impurity; unholiness.
Ashuchi bhaavana Impureness, unholiness uncleanliness of the body
Ashuddh unholy, impure; dirty, unclean; incorrect, full of mistakes; dishonest; unconscious.
Ashuddh chetanaa karma (raag dwesh) and karma phal (harsh and shok)anubhuti swarup. experiencing of the inclination of attachment and aversion(karma chetanaa) and also happiness and misery feelings (karma phal chetanaa)
Ashuddh naya partial point of view from impurity perspective
Ashuddh sadbhut vyavahaar naya impure empirical point of view differentiating between virtues and virtuous one
Ashuddh upyog soul’s auspicious and inauspicious manifestation of consciousness.
Ashuddha nishchaya naya an absolute view point of impure aspects of soul, in the mode of the soul there occurs cognitive knowledge etc types of inclinations due to annihilation cum subsidence of karma – kshyaayopshamic bhaav – or the inclinations of wrong belief and and of attachment and aversion, to belong to soul is known as ashuddh nishchaya naya.
Ashuddh Nishchay naya: uses in the scriptures is as follow:
1: With association of soul with alien attachments – sopaadhik – ,the attributes and substance – gun gunk – is shown as indivisible. This is ashuddh nishchay naya e.g. cognitive knowledge etc are to be said to belong to soul. (Acharya Devsen, Aalaap Paddhatti)
2: Meaning of “absolute view point of impure aspects of soul” is ben said here:
It is been originated as a result of the fruition of material karma and therefore is known as “impure”. The soul at that time is engrossed like the red hot iron and therefore is known in that state from “absolute point of view”. Therefore soul having “impurity” as well as “absolute” is known as
an impure from absolute point of view. The soul is been engrossed in this “impurity” state. (Brahad Dravya Sangraha tikaa of Bramdev suri)
3: The soul’s inclinations occurring as a result of material karma annihilation cum subsidence – karma kaa kshayopsham- are known as soul’s psychical vitality – bhaav praan. This is known from “absolute point of view of impure aspect of soul” – ashuddh nishchay naya.(Niyamsaar Gaathaa 8 Tikaa).
4: Samaysaar gaathaa 19: “ so long as such an understanding persists regarding oneself that I am karma, I am quasi karma (physical body and other material belongings) and karmic and quasi karmic matter constitutes me, till then the living being is ignorant (apratibuddha)” (ref: Soul science by Paras Mal Agarwal)
5: I become possessor of inclination of attachment and aversion when my modes are directed towards alien things – “Mein raagi dweshi ho letaa jab parinati hoti hai jad ki” (ref: Babu Jugal Kishorji “Yugal” Dev Shastra Guru pujan)
Ashudhdha naya impure partial point of view
Ashunya existence. shunya means non existence
Ashunyatva mutual existence
Asi sword

Sword; Gout; (Trio of Asi=Penetrating weapon, Masi (tools of writng, pen papers etc, and Krushi= tools of farming)

Asiddh unaccomplished; unproved; incomplete, non existent, unproved, a worldly soul, non attainment of perfection, unestablished, untrue
Asiddha hetu Unproved probans
Asiddhahetva bhaasa Unproved fallacy
Asiddhatva State of non-salvation
Asidhaara The edge of the sword, sharpness of sword
Asim limitless, boundless; excessive.
Asmitaa Egohood
Asmprapta srpatika sanhanana Ligatured osseous structure.
Asoka prakaasa Asokan red
Aspasta Lacking vividness; Non-clear
Aspects particular part or feature of some thing, dharma like nitya anitya etc., eligibility, yogyataa
Asrava Accumulation, influx, passional dispositions, inflow of karma.
Asrava bhava passionate dispositions.
Asraya basis, substratum, repository, support, refuge, shelter.
Asta-dravya puja Eight-substanced worship
Asta-mangal Eight auspicious symbols
Asta-mangala dravya Worship through 8 auspicious substances.
Asta-mula-guna Eight basic restraints; Eight primary qualities (of oay- follower)
Astak bunch of eights
Astam vasudhaa eighth, eighth earth- siddha shila.
Astanga Eight limbs/limbed.
Asteya Nontheft; Non-stealing; One of the mahavrats and anuvrats
Asteya anuvrata Minor vow of non-stealing
Asthayi impermanent, transitory; not lasting
Asthira Restless; Unstable; A karma
Asthirtaa Instability
Asti (1) Is (2) Exists (3) existence, (4) positive aspect, positive affirmation, present reality, hai (hindi)
Asti nasti Either is or is not, existence non existence, positive and negative affirmation
Asti nasty Either is or is not, existence non existence.
Asti-avaktavya Is but is inexplicable
Asti-naasti Is and is not
Asti-naasti-avaktavya Is not and is inexplicble
Astikaaya (1) Substances having more than one spatial unit or

Astitva Existence isness (2) It refers to the five substances, they are; jiva, pudgala, dharma, adharma and akasa, because the space points of this substance, substance having body of magnitude, asti means existence and kaay means one who occupies more than one space point for its existence, substance with many space points is known as astikaay. substance having body of magnitude

Astikya (1) Affirmation, Spiritual belief, Religiosity, Faith in the

omniscient lords. (2) Faith in Punya and Papa, Supreme Soul parmätmä

Astitva Existence; Isness; Embodied substance
Astma bhakta 8-day fasting
Asubha Inauspicious
Asubha karma Inauspicious karma
Asubha upyoga Soul’s inauspicious manifestation of consciousness, unwholesome; Inauspicious manifestation
Asuchi Impurity, unclean, unholy; rendered ceremonially impure owing to birth or death in the family. f. impurity; unholiness.
Asuchitva anupreksa Reflection on impurity
Asuddha nischaya naya A view point of impure aspects of soul
Asudha-yoga Inauspicious activity/ incidence
Asudhdha-naya impure partial point of view
Asukh unhappiness; restlessness; indisposition.
Asulabh difficult to obtain
Asundar improper state, not right.
Asurakumaras A species of peripatetic celestial beings. See Devas.
Asvabala Horse power
Asvakarna-karana Attenuation, Horse-ear attenuation
Aswasamvedi not knowing the self.
Aswasamvidit not knowing the self.
Ataatvik aupchaarik
Atadabhava Non identity e.g. absence of each one in substance, attributes and modes even though each one is existing forever
Atadaroopmaypanu Soul does not accept alien things par pana ne grahe nahi
Atadbhaava non identity e.g. absence of attributes and modes in a substance even though they all are coexisting as part of each others, non identity in appearance and quality of a substance.
Atadroopmaypanu soul does not accept alien things-par panaa ne grahe nahi.
Atanmay one without engrossment of knowledge and perception, gnaan darshan may nahi honaa
Atapa Hot effulgence, Hot light, Sunlight, Heat caused by the sun
Atapa bhumi Penance place
Atapa kshetra Lighted region
Atapana Body mortification in heart; An austertity
Atat non similarity in conception, tenaathi te nathi
Atat swabhaav soul experiencing alien inclination, , આFમામા+ પર ભાવ Jવde અ’ભવાતા
Atatva non reality, one which cannot be ascertained, thing which does not have existence, non existence
Atatva Shakti absence of transmutability power
Atatvaabhinivesh Desire to get engrossed in worldly things, sansaar ma rachyaa
pachyaa rahevaani vrutti, insisting for wrong thing
Atatvaarth wrong meaning, false meaning, wrong thing
Ateendriya Supersensible; Beyond the reach of senses; Abstract
Ath mangal, invocation of blessings
Athaai Eight day fasting
Ati Over; Excessive; Super
Ati-bhararopana Over-loading
Ati-prasanga Unwarrantable stretch
Ati-sarga Renounce
Ati-saya Excellence; Miracles; The extraordinary specialities that common humans do not have only kevalis can have.
Ati-vyaapti (1) Unwarranted extension; (2) Extension of character beyond the determined object
Atichaara Faults; Mistakes; Transgression; Infirmity; Violations; Sin of fault, indulgence in the pleasure of world, infraction, transgression of the code of ethics or conduct;
Atichaara / bhanga Infraction; Partial
Atikraanta Having passed or transgraced; Exceeded; Surpassed Overcome, passed, violated, discarded, violation of rule of conduct, who has crossed the limit.
Atikrama Transgreassion, pollution of the texture of the mind, passing away;
onrush; attack. deterioration of mental purity, violation of jain principles, to pass, to elapse, to pass away,
Atikraman Violation, transgression; encroachment; onslaught, attack, aggression, invasion.
Atikramaniya fit to be transgressed.
Atindriya Extra-sensory; Parasensory; invisible, Unsensuous, Super sensitive; Intangible, super sensuous
Atindriya gyaana Super sensuous intuition
Atindriya sukha Super sensible happiness
Atiprasang intimacy beyond proper limits. too much liberty (taken)
Atireka Too much; More (Adhika)
Atirikt surplus, very much, excessive; empty, vacant; best, excellent; different, except.
Atishaya Thirty-five special attributes of Tirthankaras, additional efficiency. development of extra ordinary personality, excellencies.
Atishaya yukta transcendental
Atishaya-kshetra The place associated with some miracle or myth; Miraculous places
Atit past, Pratyutpann – of present time, vartmaan kaal no(anaagat – of future)
Atit praan absence of all ten vitalities
Atit praan absence of all ten vitalities
Atita-paryaapti Absence of completion
Atita-pratyutpann aanagata Knowing all the times (past, present and future).
Atithi (1) Guest invited and expected or unexpected

or unexpected; (2) One who may come any time, unexpectedly, without invitation, and is still welcomed

with love and respect

Atithi samvibhaaga vrata Self less offering to the unexpected guest vow
Atithi-samvibhaaga Sharing with guest
Ativyaapti extension of character beyond the determined object
Atya-satya Degrad
Atyaachaara Vow violation; Excess
Atyanta Absolute
atyanta abhaav absolute non existence, na hovu te, not to be,
Atyantaabhaava (1) Absolute negation for example, the sky flower or the son of barren women or horns of a rabbit; (2) Absence of one substance into the other substance (3) Absolute non-existence
Atyantika marana Final death
Audaarik kay yog physical body volition
Audaarik sharir physical body, udaar means gross. Body is called audaarik as it is constituted by gross matter particles. It represents the body of the humans and subhumans.
Audaarik sharir samay prabaddh to accept material particles suitable for audaarik sharir in one samay.
Audarika Gross Body; Physical Body
Audarika angopaaga A karma, Gross limbs and sublimbs.
Audarika sharira Physical body; Gross body; It refers to the gross body because ‘udara’ means gross.
Audayik bhaava feeling produced due to fruition of karma manifestation determined by operation of karma, rising phase, The soul’s inclinations born as a result of manifestation of karma, short of spiritual blemish or pollution that comes about at the time of an effective manifestation of karma.
Audayika bhaava (1) Feeling produced due to fruition of karma; (2) Fruitional / realisationl disposition / volition; (3) It is the

state of mind with reference to the effective state origination from the rise of the karmic matter

Auddesika Particularised
Aupa-patika sarira Instantaneously manifested body
Aupa-samika bhaava Subsidential disposition / volition
Aupa-samika samyaktva Subsidential right faith; Subsidential righteousness
Aupa-samikacharitra Subsidential conduct
Aupaadhik adventions, occurring due to alien belonging, one which does not occur by self.
Aupaadhik bhaav altered inclinations occurring due to alien belonging. The altered inclination of the soul keeping relationship with fruition of karma.
Aupapaadik that which rise in upapaada- special bed.
Aupashamic bhaav soul’s spiritual purification that comes about as a result of complete cessation of manifestation of some karma which is yet in existence, subsidence phase
Aupashamic samyakta subsidential right faith, subsidential righteousness, subsidence serenity
Aupatti ki buddhi instantaneous comprehension, intellection which comprehends i instantaneously the true nature of a thing never seen , heard of or reported theretofore and its crowned with unhindered success.
Aupchaarik formal; for the sake of form only; not sincere, honorific, complimentary, not literal, figurative, metaphorical
Ausadhi ruddhi Miraculous power of medication
Aushadhi Medicine
Autkarika Splitting type
Autpattiki buddhi Inborn intellect
Ava-gadha Occupancy; Pervasion
Ava-gadharuchi Deep predilection
Ava-gadhavagadha Dense pervasion
Avaadya Undesirable; Sinful
Avaantar satta Power to show each and every substance separately, individual existence, partially spread in to a substance is avaantar satta, present only in
one mode. It is also known as swarup sattaa. ek ek vastu maa nischit rahenaari ane swarup astitva ne suchavanaari avatar satta ( niyamsaar gaathaa 34 panchaastikaay gatha 8)).
Avaay judgement, inspection, ascertainment of specific feature of an object, determinate cognition of a specific characteristic of an object
Avabhaasa Brighten
Avabhaasan to illuminate, to know, vikalpa, to be known, become known; come to light, to shine
Avachchinna Exclusive; Separated
Avadhi With limits
Avadhi darshana Clairvoyant conation; Clairvoyant perception
Avadhi gnaana (1) Clairvoyant knowledge; (2) Clairvoyance
Avadhi gnan Clairvoyance knowledge
Avafaha Accinidatiib; Depth
Avagaah to plunge in to, bathe in, to go deep in to, be absorbed in
Avagaahamattva Accomodating Tatva
Avagaahana Engrossed Accomodation, immersion, bathing
Avagaahana hetutva Instrumental cause in providing accommodation
Avagahanatva Occupancy; Body size
Avagraha Apprehension; Initial Perception; It is a sensational stage of experience; Space, attention, perception, determinate cognition of the distinctive nature of an object which follows in the wake of indeterminate cognition of pure existence of this subject, an indeterminate cognition which in turn is consequent up on the contact of the sense organ with the object
Avaguna vice, demerits,defect, fault; disadvantage; injury, wrong
Avahanam Inviting or invoking a deity
Avahanana Shatter
Avaharana Stealing
Avakasantara Space gap
Avakrama Retreat
Avaktavya can not be expressed, Inexpressible; Indescribable; Inexplicable
Avalambana Dependance; Leaning against
Avali A time unit
Avalika A time unit
Avalokana Glance; Seeing; Looking, Seeking, observation; examination; investigation; review
Avamaana Insult; Length measure
Avamaudarya (1) Partial fasting; (2) Eating only a very small portion

of food (3) Under eating

Avanchak praamaanik, established by proofs; authentic, authoritative; reliable; true; faithful; honest
Avandhya without failure, definitely
Avani the earth
Avarana Obscuring
Avarita Obscured; Covered
Avarn not included in, out of, the four castes or classes; low; inferior, colorless; not belonging to any of the four varnas of castes, outcaste.
Avarnaniy indescribable
Avarnavaada Ill-speaking; Defaming; Blasphemy
Avasada Dejection
Avasanna Attached
Avasara Opportunity; Time
Avasarpini Regressive half of the time cycle; Regressive half cycle; A time unit; Descending half cycle, descending cycle of time.
Avash pane By force
Avasthaa mode, condition, state; one of the stage of life; old age.
Avasthaavaan substance
Avasthaayi remaining stable.
Avasthan constancy, dhrovya
Avasthita Immutable; Fixed; Steady, fixed in number, permanency, uniqueness
Avasthita (dravya) It refers to the substance like pudgala which has a determinate space points, dharma, adharma, lokakasa and jiva have infinite number of space points while pudgala and alokakasa have endless space points. These substances never go beyond their space points hence they re called Avasthita.
Avasthiti dhrovy, to maintain
Avastu Unreal, non entity
Avataara Incarnation; Descendance
Avatana Change of state; Wandering; Repetition; Reflection
Avatara Invocatory word
Avaya (apaya) (1) Perceptual judgement (2) It refers to the stage of perceptual experience (indriya pratyaksa).
Avayava Parts, part, organ, limb, of the body; member; part of a whole, part; means; (math.) factor.
Avayavi possessing organs, limbs or parts.
Avayuchchinn indestructible
Avbhaas light; knowledge; realization; false knowledge; appearance, manifestation.
Avbhaasak illuminator, knower.
Avgahana Occupancy
Avgahanatva interpenetribility
Avibhaaga praticheda Indivisible corresponding section
Avibhaajya indivisibility
Avibhag pratichchheda indivisibility, exceedingly small, in the single mode of the omniscient lord, multiple universes can be perceived. The smallest part of this indivisible mode is known as avibhaag pratichchheda, A measure to describe the potential of a karmic particle, indivisible corresponding section, potency of karmic dust particle is defined in terms of number of units of different attributes is known as avibhaag pratichchheda
Avibhakt non partitioned, undivided.
Avibhakt aalochan indeterminate perceptual cognition
Avichal immovable, fixed, steady; eternal.
Avichchhinn whole, entire, undivided; continuous, without break.
Avichi-marana Instantal death
Aviddha Whirling
Avidya Ignorance; Ne-science; False cognitive, ignorance to experience the true nature of self.(vedant darshan)
Avidyamaan not existing or present; dead; absent
Avigrahagati Direct movement of soul. Vigraha means obstruction or uneven direction. The jiva in its movement gets uneven

direction due to certain obstructions and that is called

vigrahagati. Contrary to this is direct movement, it is called rjugati. So the direct movement of jiva for one samaya is also mentioned as avigrahagati. (2) Non- bending motion, linear motion, motion devoid of bending.

Avikaara Non change of form or nature, unchangeable,immutable
Avikaari Non disturbing, faultless, passionless
Avikalpya Incomprehensible
Avilaya Relinquish
Avimaana Blissful
Avina-abhaavi Concomitant characteristics
Avinaabhaav Sambandh absence of exceptions
Avinaabhaava (1) Universal concomitance, non separable relation, inherent or essential relation; (2) Invariable / Invariant concomitance.
Avinaabhaava krambhavi Ordered or co-existing concomitance
Avinaabhavi concomitant characteristics
Avinaashi Immortal; indestructible, imperishable; eternal, inexhaustible.
Avinashvar non destroyable.
Avinay rude behavior; immodesty, incivility; arrogance.
Avipaak nirjara premature disintegration of karma
Avipaaka nirjara (1) It refers to the karmic matter, which arises prematurely due to certain spiritual efforts, and the karma is destroyed, just as a mango fruit is prematurely
Aviradhita Non-violatation
Avirata Vowless
Avirata samyak drastic Partialy-abstained or Non-abstained; Right faithed.
Avirati Strong attachment to the world and worldly things; Non-abstinence (Vowlessness); Absence of moral

discipline; Lack of control; Non restraint; Unbale to abandon violence, material pleasure indulgence, happiness of five senses and mind, non restraint, vowlessness, non discipline

Avirbhaava Manifestation; Emergence; Appearance
Avirodha Without any incompatibility
Aviruddh consistence
Avisamvaad true, one which follows the true knowledge, pramaan ne anusarvaa vaalu, non discrepancy, the coherence between the cognitive and conative activity
Avisamvaad non discrepancy
Avisamvada Non-debatable
Avishad impure, non clear
Avishesh without any difference, common
Avishisht of general nature, not a specific one, non separated in nature.
Avishkar discovery, invention
Avishta swayed, engrossed, devoted
Avisuddha Impure
Avivakshit not intended, unimplied,when one makes particular thing as principle thing and makes rest as secondary then it is known as vivakshaa. The secondary thing is known as avivakshit.
Aviveka Lack of discrimination
Aviveki Non discriminative
Avkaasa Space
Avrajita Capable of practicing; Migration
Avratta Non-vow; Obscured; Covered, lawless, disobedient, not observing religious rites or obligation
Avyaabaadha Unperturbed; Unperturbable; Undisturbablity
Avyaapti Inadequate pervasion; Too narrow; Non inclusion
Avyabandhattva guna Undisturbable attribute
Avyabhichaara Consistent
Avyaghata marana Fast unto death
Avyakta Imperceptible; Not manifest; Unapparent; Indistinct; Invisible; Non-explicable, not expressed, not clear; un manifest; (math.) unknown; not indicating a specific number. n. Prakriti (n Sankhya philosophy), Nature; Brahman; the Universal Spirit.
Avyapanna Non-destroyed
Avyavahita Immediate
Avyaya Indestructible; Inexhaustible; Imperishable, not liable to change, immutable; eternal. n. indeclinable., unchangeable. vyay mean to change avyay means not changing,
Avyayee One which does not change; Soul is avyayee
Avyayibhaava samaasa Indeclinable compound
Avyutpann nirdosh, aparaadh rahit, inexperienced; not proficient; (of word) having
no proper or regular derivation; not versed in grammar or linguistics; not learned or well-versed, anadhyvashaan, indecision. inconclusiveness, indecision, inattention, indeterminate cognition, uncertainty e.g. to know in indecision about touching the grass while walking.
Aya Acquisition
Ayagapata Votive Slabs
Ayama-visakmbha Length and breadth
Ayana A time unit, a period of six months, half year
Ayasaskirti Disgrace; A karma
Ayash kirti dishonor, disrepute
Ayata Rectangular
Ayatachaksu Wide-open eye
Ayatana Base; Volume; Residence; Receptacle, careless ness
Ayog non vibration of the space points of soul, static soul.
Ayog gun non vibration of the space points of the soul
Ayogakevali Static omniscient; Omniscient with cessation of all activities; Inactive Omniscient
Ayogi kevali static omniscient
Ayonika an emancipated soul
Ayopayadardi Loss-gain pointing
Ayukta untenable , unjustifiable
Ayut siddh inseparable
Äahaaraka sharira Miraculous projectable or translocation body, assimilative body, translocational body which emanates from body of a saint a that sixth gunsthanak stage.
Äarambhi hinsa Injury which happens
Äatma-gnaana Realization of the self, self consciousness., knowledge of the soul
Äatma-purushaartha Personal spiritual effort
Äatmasanyam Self-constraint
Ädhyaatmika Pertaining to study of Soul or Theological study; Spiritual
Ägaanavichaya Doctrine oriented righteous meditations; Contemplation on Jina instructions
Älokti Dinner
Ärhatamata Jainism
Ästika Believer in punya Papa and supreme soulis called Astika