J

WORDMEANING
Jaati Birth; Caste; Genus; Race; Class; Family from maternal side
Jaatikarma Caste/Class/Genus determining karma.
Jaatimada Racial pride/puff
Jaatimantra Litany at birth; Incantation at birth
Jaatismrati Memory of past life; Past life recollection
Jada Nonsentient; Fool
Jadatva Non sentience, non sentient
Jafara Wide awake
Jaga Universe; Moving; Temporal world
Jagara Universe; Moving; Temporal world
Jagat pratara Area of universe, 49 Rajjus
Jagat sremo Length of universe, 7 Rajju units
Jagataghana Volume of universe, 343 Rajjus
Jaghanya guna Minimum degree, minimum degree of attribute, matter having one or minimal properties
Jaghanyetara Non-minimum
Jai Victory or conquest
Jain Follower of Jainism
Jain saasana Jain teaching; Jain order
Jaina Followers of a Jina, a synonym for Nigantha; One who has samyak-darsana.
Jaina-braahmana Laypeople in charge of priestly functions within certain Jaina communities
Jainaabhaasa False Jainas; Pseudo-Jaina, fallacy in knowledge about jainism, Here there is fault in terms of belief and not in conduct.
Jainadarsana Jain sign
Jainism Religion of the Jains
Jala Water
Jalaachaara Five sensed aquatic beings
Jalagalana Water filtration
Jalakaaya Water body
Jalakaayika Water-bodied
Jalpa vitanda Wrangling and cavil
Jambu Name of a dweep or island
Jambu dweep The continent of the rose-apple tree.’ The realm in the universe that is inhabited by humans. This region is transverse by six mountains which divide the region into seven regions. The most important regions are India in the south, Airavat in the north, and Mahavideha in the middle. It is believed that in these three regions, humans may find rewards for religious pursuits and that deliverance may be possible.
Janaka Congniser; Progenitor
Jangama Mobile
Janma (1) Birth; (2) Part of trio Janma(birth) – Jara (old age) and Mrutyu(death)
Janma kalyaana Teerthankar’s holy birth is one of the five most auspicious events in Jainism
Janma siddha Salvated due to birth
Janma-Jara-Marana Birth-Old age-Death
Janpada satya Regional truth
Jantu Living being; Repeatedly born
Janya Congnitum; Produced
Jaraa Old age (2) Part of trio Janma(birth) – Jara (old age) and Mrutyu(death), slough of snake, a little.
Jarayuka Umbillical birth; Placental birth
Jati smaran gyaana Knowledge from previous life
Jaya Jinendra Victory to lord Jina, A social mark of greeting.
Jayamaala Victory garland; Laudatory hymn; Hymnal garland; trumphal garland
Jhaankhi (1)Glimpse; (2) peeping, peep; (3) looking at with admiration.
(4) Jinvani –preachings of Tirthankara, holy scriptures
Jhanjhaavata Stormy wind
Jhankhanaa Constant longing; Aardent desire; Frequent remembrance; worry
Jignaasa Curiosity; Omniscient
Jina (1) Conqueror of the Self; (2) Spiritual victor; (3) One who has conquered the feelings of attachment and aversion and all the four types of passions. He is free from 18 types of defects; (4) ‘Conqueror.’ He who has conquered love and hate, pleasure and pain, attachment and aversion, and has thereby freed his’ soul from the karmas obscuring knowledge, perception, truth, and ability, is a Jina. The Jains refer to the Jina as God (5) Omniscient, one who has conquered the physical senses and mind, one with right faith, samyag drasti jiv, Conquerer of passions and senses, omniscient lord, a synonym for Tirthankara, one who has conquered the physical senses and mind, one with right faith, samyag drasti jiv, Conquerer of passions and senses, omniscient lord.
Jina aagama Jaina scripture
Jina bhaavanaa Jaina temple
Jina bimba Image of a Jina; Jina Idol
Jina dharma The spiritual religion or discourses preached by “Jina”
Jina mandira Temple where idol of Jina is installed
Jina pratima Idol of Jina
Jina sasana The influence of Lord Jina or last Tirhtankara whose teaching we know and practice.
Jina vaani Omniscient’s preaching
Jina vachan A supernatural wordless speech of Jina called “Divya-dhwani”
Jinaagama Omniscient’s preaching i.e Jinavani in written form by his disciples
Jinaalaya Temple of Jina, the conqueror of passions
Jinakalpa Jina-like; Jina-modelled conduct
Jinakalpi Jina-modelled monk
Jinamudra Jina posture
Jinendra (1) Teerthankar Ganadharas etc. Conquerer of indriya; (2) One who has destroyed four ghatiya karmas and has demonstrated infinite foursome is Jinedra
Jineshwara Teerthankar Ganadhar etc.Supreme jain victor
Jita Controlled; Conquered.
Jitakalpa Traditional conduct
Jitendriya (1) Sense controlled; (2) Conqueror of objects of five senses
Jiva Living, Animate, Living being, Soul, Self, Spriit LIfe.
Jiva adhikarana Sentient substrata
Jiva ajiva adhikara Chapter on living and non living
Jiva astikaaya Living entity; Animate entensive substance
Jiva dayaa Compassion or mercy toward living beings
Jiva dravya Soul substance
Jiva samaasa Classification of living beings; Taxonomy; Fourteen varieties of condition in which soul is found. e.g. Sthävara trasa mukta etc.
Jiva sthaana Classification of organic being
Jiva vipaaki Soul-maturing karma.
Jivaghana Cluster of souls.
Jivana-mukta The state of emancipation in life such as for Tirthankara
Jivaraasi Totality of living beings.
Jivasthaana State of soul, State/Stations of the living, spiritual stages.
Jivatva Livingness, consciousness,Soul
Jivita-saansa Desire of life
Jjallari Cymbal; Going; Dough
Jnaana (Gnaana) Knowledge
The Jainas have conceived five kinds of knowledge as follows:
Mati or ordinary cognition by the sense organs and the mind; Sruta or knowledge derived with the help of signs, symbols,
or words (expressions);
Avadhi or direct knowledge of corporeal things without the help of the sense organs and the mind, but within some limit of space and time, to know, understand, learn, acknowledge, to command or order
Manahparyaya or direct knowledge of the thought of others without the help of the sense organs and the mind, but within some limit of space and time;
Kevala or knowledge which completely reveals, without any limitation of space and time, the truth about all things in the
universe, corporeal as well as non-corporeal, with all their attributes and modifications, past, present, and future, understanding, knowledge, consciousness, knowledge conductive to liberation, Congnition; Realization; Experience
Jnaana ninhava (Gnaana ninhava) Concealment of knowledge
Jnaana sanjna (Gnaana sangna) Knowledge instinct
Jnaanachetnaa (Gnaanachetnaa) Cognitional consciousness
Jnaanadana (Gnaanadana) Transmission/donation of knowledge
Jnaanavaraniya karma Knowledge-obscuring karma
Jnaanedriya (Gnaanedriya) Congnitive sense; Sankhya categories of senses
Jnaani (Gnaani) Knower, a learned person, a person with right knowledge.
Jnaanopayoga (Gnaanopayoga) Cognitive consciousness; Determine cognition
Jnaanotpattikrama Process of obtaining knowledge
Jnaapti (Gnaapti) Knowledge
Jnaata /Jnayaka (Gnaata/Gnayaka) Knower
Jnaata-bhaava (Gnaata-bhaava) Intuitional state; Intention
Jneya (Gneya) Object of knowledge; Knowledgeable, recognizable object
Jugupsa mohaniya karma Aversion deluding karma
Jugupsaa Aversion or intense dislike, censure, reproach; strong dislike, disgust.
Juhara Jaina term for social greetings
Jyotisa vidyaa Astronomy
Jyotish chakra Area of space in which zodiac planets, stars, etc. are located
Gnaanaaraadhanaacontemplation or right knowledge
Jacoming after a word in a sentence, shows its importance, uniqueness, certainty, surety etc. and corresponds to ‘very’, ‘self’, ‘indeed’, ‘surely’, etc.
1: In scripture, it’s use denotes the association with opposite to the true nature of a substance. So it is to be considered as negative element. Vastu swabhaav thi viparit nirupan kare chhe tethi teno ahi nishedh karyo chhe.
Over here word “ja” denotes one sided wrong belief – mithyaa ekaant.
2: But when one is considering true nature of a substance in relative pluralism- anekaantaatmak vastu swabhaav thi nirupan kare chhe – at
that time with certain perspective when one is showing the fact then there is use of word “ja” – certainty, then it is not considered as negative element. Over here word “ja” denotes one sided right belief – samyak ekaant.
When one says that ‘certainly’ one gets liberation due to its true nature of the self atmaa naa nischay swabhaav thi ‘ja’ moksha thaay chhe – then this ‘ja’ is one sided right belief – samyak ekaant.
Jaasudkind of a red rose.
Jaati smaran gnaanknowledge from previous life
Jadinanimate; without feeling, intelligence or energy; dull, stupid; inert, motionless; material (as opposed to spiritual).
Jaga panthpath to the temporal world
Jagattemporal world
Jagattraataaprotector of universe.
Jaghanyamimimal, minimum
Jaghanya ajaghanyalowest and other than lowest
Jaghanya anantananta measure of infinite numbers.
Jaghanya antaratmabeings with right faith but not observing vows
Jaghanya asankhyata transcendental number, alaukik sankhya
Jaghanya avgahanalowest occupancy
Jaghanya ayuthe lowest life period.
Jaghanya bhaavlow sentiments.
Jaghanya dharmadhyanreligious observations of lower kind
Jaghanya gnanminimal knowledge
Jaghanya kashayanshlowest part of passions
Jaghanya krustilowest destruction of passions
Jaghanya krusti antarminimal tract interval.
Jaghanya labdhiminimal attainment of spiritual virtues
Jaghanya nirvruttta paryaptalowest period of life of living being.
Jaghanya paritanantaminimal preliminary innumerable, a mathematical term of infinite measure.
Jaghanya paritasankhyata mathematical measure of infinite measure
Jaghanya parmanuatom with the property of lowest degree.
Jaghanya spardhakgroup of lowest vargana
Jaghanya sthiti bandhLowest karmic binding state.
Jaghanya vargaminimal group of class of particles etc.
Jaghanya varganalowest aggregate of karmic molecules.
Jaghanya yogsthanlowest grade of vibratory activity of soul
Jaghanya yukta nantaminimal secondary infinite, a mathematical term regarding numbers.
Jaghanya yukta sankhyata mathematical term regarding numbers.
Jagrutialertness
Jain shashanjain doctrines
Jaina-brachman:Laypeople in charge of priestly functions within certain Jaina communities
Jaina-sasana:Teaching of the Jainas
Jaina:Follower of Jina, a synonym for Nigantha; one who has samyak-darsana
Jainabhasa:False Jainas
Jala:Water
Jalpsaying, thing said; prattle, prattling; argument put forward to defeat the adversary and not for determining truth, wrangling.
Janaavube known or found; appear, seem.
Janma-kalyana:Birth; one of the five auspicious events in the career of a Tirthankara
Janma:Birth
Japmutter or repeat a sacred formula or prayer, repeating the same words and then getting engrossed in its meaning is jap.
Japaa kusumkind of a red rose.
Jara:Old age
Jarisabda:Root word
Jaththogroup, multitude, collection, aggregate, assemblage.
Jati (Kalpana):Sophism
Jati-karma:The variety of nama-karma that determines one’s specific destiny
Jati-mantra:A litany used in celebrating the birth of a child
Jati:Birth, caste; species within a gati Genus of beings, Genus.
Jayvictory, triumph.
Jay jayexpression of salutation or greeting.
Jayamala:Garland of victory; a hymn in praise ofthe Jinas
Jayghoshanaashouts of acclamation on attaining victory; declaration of victory.
Jayjaykaaracclamation on attainment of or wishing victory.
Je jenu hoy te tenu thaayA particular thing is having a certain thing then that certain thing belongs to that particular thing. All knower eternal soul substance has knowledge mode. A knowledge mode therefore belongs to all knower soul substance. This is conventional point of view as mode and all knower soul substance are considered separately. (ref: samaysaar stanza 356-365)
Je jenu hoy te to te j chhea particular thing belongs to a certain thing then that particular thing is that certain thing. All knower soul substance has knowledge mode, therefore knowledge mode itself is all knower soul substance. This is absolute point of view as knowing and knower are considered as one only. (ref: samaysaar stanza 56-365.
Jigisu katha:A debate which is held for victory
Jignaashaakeen desire to know, will to know or knowledge, desire to know; curiosity.
Jignaashudesirous of knowing; curious.
Jijnasa:Curiosity
Jin bhaavaim at the common soul substance and as a result to produce the right faith mode.
Jin shaasanJainism
Jin swarupto experience the self as supreme soul.
Jina-agama:Jaina scripture
Jina-bhavana:Jaina temple
Jina-bimba:Image of Jina
Jina-nama:Name of Jina
Jinakalpin:A monk whose conduct is modeled upon that of Mahavira
Jinasthapana:Image of Jina
Jinvaanipreachings of Tirthankara, holy scriptures
JinvarDisciple of Omniscient lord, gandhar.
Jinvar vrushabhOmniscient lord, Tirthankar.
Jit mohaconquerer of delusion state
Jiv dravyasoul as a whole which includes substance attributes and modes, pramaan no vishay
Jiv Samaasone ends up knowing different types of living beings is known as Jiv Samaas.
They are of 14 types as follow:
Five sense beings are of two types: sentient and non sentient.
One sense beings are of two types: subtle and gross – suksham and baadar. Two sense, three sense and four sense beings- one each.
Above seven types are of two different things- incompletely developed and completely developed- aparyaapt and paryaapt.
7*2 =14
Jiv sthaanliving beings are classified according to the senses- 1-5 is known as jiv sthaan.
Jiv tatvasoul as eternal substance only and attributes and modes are secondary in nature, drasti no vishay
Jiva Kanda:Fifth of the Sacred Books of the Jainas
Jiva:living, Soul; sentient
Jivaatmaasentience
Jivamayaidentical with the soul substance, jiv sathe tadrup.
Jivanlife, water
Jivopajividependent on the soul substance only. knowledge attribute depends on soul only.
Jnawho knows, knowing.
Jnawho knows, knowing.
Jnaan baalunknown to reality
Jnaan chakshuomniscience
Jnaan chetnaacognitive consciousness, Experiencing of the self, swarup vedan, (panchastikaay gatha 16)
Jnaan daanact of giving ir imparting knowledge
Jnaan gamyaattainable with knowledge
Jnaan ghanpure knowledge
Jnaan guhconcealing the understanding
Jnaan guhyasecret from the worldly knowledge
Jnaan kaandportion of vedas which relates to the knowledge of the soul.
Jnaan kalyaanaka great celebration for omniscience attained by lord Arihant
Jnaan ketuhaving sign of knowledge
Jnaan kriyaaan activity of gaining knowledge
Jnaan maarganaaa type of knowledgeable investigation about beings
Jnaan madpride or puff of knowledge
Jnaan mayafull knowledge, never separating from knowledge
Jnaan mimaansaaa part of vedic philosophy
Jnaan mudha titile of the saint devoid of right conduct
Jnaan nayaview point of acquiring religious knowledge
Jnaan panditone who is involved in right knowledge
Jnaan paryaayinstinctive true knowledge
Jnaan pravaadlecture on knowledge, a part of scriptural knowledge
Jnaan samayright time of gaining right knowledge
Jnaan sanskaarpaying reverence to the scriptures
Jnaan shalyadishonoring right knowledge
Jnaan shuddhiacquiring real knowledge, of the universe
Jnaan vatknowing , wise, learned
Jnaan vijnaansacred and miscellaneous knowledge, I (brahma) am in all things, all things are in me ( brahma)
Jnaan vinayinternal penance, paying reverence to the right knowledge
Jnaan vruddhadvanced in knowledge, one having abundant right knowledge,
Jnaan yogknowledge of reality or ultimate essence as the means of salvation (opposed to bhakti yoga)
Jnaanaachaarright practice of right knowledge
Jnaanaakaarpower of the soul, super consciousness, jnaan bhandaar, mine of knowledge
Jnaanaatishayten excellences of the omniscience of lord Arihant
Jnaanaavaranobscuring karma for right knowledge
Jnaanendriyaorgan of perception
Jnaaninwise, astrologer
Jnaanodhyotanenlightenment of the real knowledge, having right knowledge for a thing, vastoo kaa yathaarth Jnaan honaa
Jnaanopakaransources of real knowledge
Jnaapakindicating, suggesting
Jnaapanmaking known, suggesting
Jnaapyato be made known
Jnaapyataafit to be made known
Jnaapyatvafit to be made known
Jnaatknown, understood
Jnaat sheshthat remains yet to be known
Jnaatavyato be known
Jnaateything to be done by relative, relationship.
Jnaatirelative, like, duty of a kinsman
Jnaatirelative, like, duty of a kinsman
Jnaati cheldegraded kinsman
Jnaati cheldegraded kinsman
Jnaati gauravhonor of the kinsmen
Jnaati gauravhonor of the kinsmen
Jnaati ghaatinmurderer of the relative
Jnaati ghaatinmurderer of the relative
Jnaati janrelatives
Jnaati janrelatives
Jnaatraintellect
Jnaatraintellect
Jnaatruone who knows, surety
Jnaatruone who knows, surety
Jnaayaka learned person, knower of right knowledge
Jnaayaka learned person, knower of right knowledge
Jnaayak sharirbody of a leaned person who knows the real nature of karma
Jnaayak sharirbody of a leaned person who knows the real nature of karma
Jnana-cetana:Consciousness characterized as knowing itself
Jnana:Knowledge
Jnananaya:Point of view of knowledge
Jnananayabhasa:False point of view of knowledge
Jnanavarana:Knowledge-obscuring
Jnanavaraniya:Knowledge-obscuring
Jnapitknown, instructed
Jnaptiknowledge, understanding
Jnapti kriyaaactivity of knowing
Jnapti parivartanchange in the acquainted knowledge
Jney jnaayak sambandhrelation between object and the knower
Jney tatvaknowledgeable substances
Jneyaakaarcharacteristics knowledge of matter, upyog kaa ek bhed, padaarthaakaar jnaan kaa honaa.
Jneyaakaar parinamaninvolvement in to the knowledge of the soul
Jneyaarthrecognizable matter
Jneyopajividepending on object of knowledge. grey upar dependent chhe te.
Jodavujoin, unite; sew together; attach, stick; assemble parts together to make one whole; put to work, yoke to vehicle; yoke bullock or horse to cart; make good loss or deficiency; compose (poem); fabricate, invent, (story); make (friendship with); add sth. to; annex, append; collect (money, merit, etc.); put together, join.
Jugupsa:Disgust, Disgust; aversion. Hiding one’s own, and publishing other people’s shortcomings.
Jyotilight; luster, lamp-flame; strap of yoke; heavenly body (sun, moon, star, etc.)., radiance
Jyotish devstellar celestial living beings, planetary dev, How many types of stellar celestial beings are there (Jyotistha Dev)?
There are five as follow:
Suns – Surya.
Moons – Chandra.
Planets – Graha.
Constellations – Nakshatra.
Scattered stars – Tara.
Jyotiska devaStellar deities; Astral deities/celestials
Jyotiska:The steller gods