Daahburning, burning sensation, feeling or excessive heat, combustion, conflagration.place of cremation, cauterizing, internal heat, fever, setting on fire
Daahancausing to burn or be burnt, reducing to ashes, cauterizing, burning, consuming by fire, scorching
Daahinburning, setting on fire, tormenting, paining
DaahyaAbility to burn e.g. wood is a daahya substance
Daahyasubstance that can be burnt, inflammable, ability to burn. E.g. Wood is a daahya substance, burning, combustion, heat, place of cremation, glowing, redness of sky, cauterizing, cautery of a wound, internal hear, fever, setting on fire, firewood.
Daahya krutsubstance that was burnt, Substance that was getting burnt.
Daahyavatheated, on fire
DaamaSubduing; Conquering; Restraint of mind
Daandonation, charity, my nature is full of super sensuous bliss and to offer it to my self and to keep it within me is the donation or charity to myself.
DaanaDonation; Charity; Alms giving
Daarun vidaaranintense knowledge about the differences- bhed paadvano ugra abhyaas.
DahTo burn, consume by fire, scorch, roast, to be consumed by internal heat origination grief, suffer pain, to destroy completely
DahanCausing to burn, e.g. fire burns the wood
Dahancausing to burn, e.g. fire burns the wood, burning or being burnt; act of burning, combustion, consuming by fire, burning, scorching, destroying, thing causing to burn, baalanaar.
Dahan kriyaaact of burning; cremation
Dahaniyacombustible, burnt
Dahantaastate of fire
Daksina-agni:One of the sacred fires in the Hindu srauta ritual
DaksinardhaSouthern half
DalikaKarmic aggregate; Part
Damrestraint of mind
DamaraNational troubles or Riots; State troubles
DambhaFalse pretension
DamitaSense subdue
Dana Antaraya:Charity-Obstructive.
Dana-antarayaA type of karma that hinders the practice of charity
Dana-antaraya:A type of karma that hinders the practice of charity
Dana:Charity, alms-giving
Danantaraya karmaDonation-obstructing karma
DandaA measure Two kuksis; Marked staff or stick
DandakaDivision; Section purifier activity; Sinful activity
Dandin:One who carries a staff
Dankhsting, bite; hole in grain of corn due to rotting; scorpion’s tail, poisonous sting; malice, rancor.
Dansa-masaka parisahaInsect bite affliction
DantaSense subdue
Darbaarroyal court, assembly hall of the king.
Daridrataapauperism, poverty, penury.
DarsanaPerception; Conation; Faith; Intuition; Ruchi; Liking or
Darsana kriyaVision/Conational activity
Darsana moha mohaniyaFaith deluding karma
Darsana pratimaModel stage of right faith; First model stage
Darsana samyakaRight faith, Right belief, Right view, Rational faith.
Darsana upyogaFunctional consciousness of conation
Darsana visudhiPurity of right faith; Purity of faith/Conation.
Darsana-mohaniya:Insight-deluding karmas
Darsana-pratima:The first step on the ladder of pratima
Darsana:Indeterminate intuition, faith Intuition; a system of philosophy; insight; perception
Darsanamoha ksapakaDestroyer of faith deluding karma
DarsanavaranaConation-obscuring karma
Darsanavaraniya:Perception-obscuring karmas
Darsanvaraniya karmaConation-obscuring karma
Darshan moharight faith delusion state.
Darshan mohaniya karmaRight belief deluding karma
Darshan shaastraepistemology, philosophy, metaphysics. (metaphysics is the branch of philosophy with deals with the first principles of things which includes abstract concepts such as being, knowing ,substance, cause, identity, time, and space.)
Darshan Upyogperception consciousness
DarshanaVision; Intuition; Insight; Perception; A system of religious philosophy; A pure soul has infinite vision; Intuition or indeterminate perception; Act of seeing; marginng with devotion idol, deity, sacred place or person; Sight, appearance; System of philosophy; [Jain] taste, liking; Faith;
Darshana mohaniya:right-belief-deluding karmic matter
Darshana varniyaA ghati karma that obstructs the capacity of a soul to see things clearly; A ghaatiya karma obstructing the soul’ capacity of vision in spiritual sense
Darshana-kriya:infatuated desire to see a pleasing form.
Darshana-mohaFaith deluding Karma
Darshana-vishuddhi:purity of right-belief
Darshana:act of seeing; seeing or visiting with devotion idol, deity, sacred place or person; sight,appearance; system of philosophy; [Jain] taste, liking; faith, perception, generalized perception, Darshan is like shraddhan and is non relativistic in nature and is primary abstract comprehension.
Darshan means Philosophy: There are nine philosophies in India. They are: Vedant, Mimaansak, Saankhya, Yog, Bauddh, Naiyaayik, Vaisheshik, Chaarvaak and Jain.
Das Dharmaten attributes-virtues of the soul
Das praanten vitalities, five senses, body, speech, mind, breathing and age.
Dasa dharmaTen attributes or virtues of the soul
Dasa sharmaTen-fold religion
Dasa-dasamika100-days specific penance
Dasa-dharma:Ten forms of righteousness
Dasalaksana parvaFestival of ten-fold religiosity by digambar faith of Jainism; Celebration of digambar paryushan parva
Dasalaksana vrataVows during Festival of ten-fold religiosity
Dashaarag soaked in oil used for lubricating cart wheels; loose threads at end of garment; condition, state; position of planets affecting the fortunes of man; evil influence of planets; decline (of fortune); n. obsequial rite performed on the tenth day after person’s death.
DashalakshanaTen charactertics dharma
Dashaya:Astringent, (Saline).
Dasi-dasa-pramanatikramaExeeding quantity of maids/servants
DasmanDecimal place value notation
Daxacleaver; skillful, expert; vigilant
Dayaapity, compassion; mercy.
Dayaa dharm(religion enjoining, religious urge) pity towards all beings
Dedipyamaanshining brightly; blazing
DeepaawaliFestival of lights
DeerdhakalikeeThe thinking power of all three times, past, present and future
DeraasaraTemple with idol for idol worshipping sect of swetambar
DeraasaraJina temple; Jaina temple
Des pratyakshapartial direct.
DesaUnit; ¼ aggregate; Incomplete; Part; Country
Desa charitraPartial right conduct; Fifth stage
Desa pratyakshaPartial direct
Desa sanyataPartially restrained
Desa viraaraPartial abstinence; Fifth stage.
Desa viratiPartial abstinence; Fifth stage.
Desa vrataVow of restriction on moving beyond areal limits
Desa-virata:The fifth gunasthana where desa-virati is attained
Desa-virati:The set of restraints prescribed for a Jaina layman
DesaghatiPartially destroying
Desaghati spardhakaPartially destroying karmic supervariforms
Desana-labdhi:Obtaining instruction in the Jaina teachings
desanaalabdhiSermonal attainment
DesapratyaksaPartial direct knowledge / perception.
Desavagashik vratday to day additional limitation vow
Desavakasika:Limiting the area of one’s movement
DeshPart of substance
Desh vratfurther reduction of mobility as practiced in the Dig vrat.
Desh vyatirekTwo substances are different so it is dravya vyatirek or desh vyatirek
Desh vyatirekTwo substances are different so it is dravya vyatirek or desh vyatirek
Desha CharitraPartial conduct related with small vows
Desha GhatiObscuring partially
Desha Ghati SpardhakaKarmic matter which obscures only partially
Deshaavaagaashik vratday to day additional limitation vow, vow of keeping restriction in movement, food, eating, sensual pleasure etc to a limit.
DeshacharitraPartial character
Deshanaa LabdhiListening to and grasping of the Jina’s preaching. Further, where
the grasping of and deliberation on Tattvas preached by Jinadeva (omniscient Lord) takes place – attainment of this capacity is Deshana Labdhi
(precept attainment). In hells, etc. where the instrumentality of (listening to) precepts is not possible, this capacity is evolved by virtue of impressions gained in the past birth. (Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter- samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti), six substances, seven elements, path to salvation, knowledge of true omniscient lords enlightened true teachers and holy scriptures, knowledge of the self and alien things, censurable, knowable and wholesomeness types of inclinations taught by the Omniscient lords, true enlightened teachers is known as deshnaa and one who accepts in his knowledge these preachings and one who contemplates on these preachings is known as deshnaa labdhi.
Deshnaa labdhi is the mode of the knowledge attribute. In deshanaa labdhi the living being:
1. Shravan – listens the discourses given by guru with discretion- vivek. – keep in mind about the four expositions and from which angle the discourse is given
2. Grahan – then he accept the advise and
3. Dhaaran – retains it. .
4. Vichaar – then he thinks on it .
5. Nirdhaar – then he makes firm determination about the nature of the reality just by listening the discourses is not called deshanaa labdhi.
Deshavrata:Taking a vow to limit worldly activity to fixed points for a short period of time, for example,for one’s weely or daily worldly activity.
DeshavratiOne who assumes the vows of householder and who has Right perception
Dev devimundane deities.
Dev Dundubhicelestial drums
DevaGod: Celestial; Deity; A soul in heaven or at a high spiritual level; Heavenly being A soul having life in
heaven; Devaasa i.e. Heavenly Beings
DevaA celestial being. There are four broad categories of celestial beings as follows: Bhavanapatis (residential); Vyantaras (Peripatetic); Jyotiskas (stellar bodies); and Vaimanikas (heavenly bodies). Bhavanapatis (residential);
The following are the Bhavanapati devas: Asurakumaras,
Nagakumaras, Vidyutkumaras, Suparnakumaras, Agnikumaras, Vatakumaras, Stnitkumaras, Udadhikumaras, Dwipkumaras, and Dikkumaras. Vyantaras (Peripatetic);
The following are the Vyantara devas: Kinnaras,
Kimpurisas, Moharagas, Gandharvas, Yaksas, Raksasas, Bhutas, and Pisachas.Jyotiska devas include the sun, the moon, the stars, the planets, etc. Bhavanapatis and Vyantaras live just below the earth.
Vaimanikas (heavenly bodies).
Vaimanikas are of two types: Kalpotpannas and Kalpatitas. The former live in heavens just above the Jyotiska devas, and the latter live farther beyond.
Deva / DevataDeity; Calestials; Divine; God
Deva Anupurvi:Celestial–migratory form.
Deva DharanendraProtecting deity of Tirthankar Parsva, himself the lord of the nagas (snakes)
Deva dravyaDeital offerings
Deva poojaWorship of supreme souls i.e. Arihanta and Siddha
Deva-avarnavadaIll-speaking of deity
Deva-brahmana:Divine brahman, i.e., a Jaina brahman
Deva-dusya:Divine cloth; a finely woven piece of cloth
Deva-gatiCelestial destinity
Deva-mudhataDeital idiocy
Deva-mudhata:Delusion pertaining to gods
Deva-nikayas:The four orders of gods
Deva:Celestial, Heavenly beings; untimate divinity, The Celestial beings
DevadusyaDivine cloth; A finely woven piece of cloth
Devagama:The arrival of gods at a holy gathering
Devajiva:Soul of the god
DevakuruA part of land of enjoyment in Jambudvipa
DevalokaHeaven; Celestial world
DevanupurviDeital sucession
Devanupurvi:The power of retaining the last form whatever it was, in going to the celestial condition of existence.
Devapuja:Worship of the Tirthankaras
DevarsiDivine ascetic; Naarada
DevasrayaJina temple; Jaina temple
DevataaDeity; Divine
Devayu:Celestial age.
Devayusa karmaCelestial life-span karma; Celestial Longevity-determining karma
DeviGoddess; Female God; Female deity or divinity, heavenly fairies
DevlokaHeaven; The place where devs reside
DhaanyaGrains; Cereals
Dhaaraaflow, sequence as related to math, line of succession; row; stream, current, of liquid; shower (of rain).
Dhaaraavaahik gnaanSame knowledge keeps on coming again and again, continuous contemplation of anything.
Dhaarakholding; possessing, holder, possessor, one who makes it stable, one who remembers
Dhaaranact of holding; holding, possessing; being prop or support of. f. prop,
support; patience; consolation; beam; gross weight (inclusive of container, packing, etc.). m. holder; support.
Dhaaran karvugetting engrossed. aatmaa e gnaan ne dhaaran karyu chhe.
Dhaaranaretention of known object, this is one of the part of matignan(there are four parts, this is one of them), five conceptual stages of meditation-
pindastha dhyan ki five dhaarnaa hai,- parthvi, agneyi, vayvi, varuni and tatva roop vati, fixing attention on a single object, intention;
mental retention, memory; idea; conjecture, fancy; holding, condition of recollection, a condition called sanskaar, concepts, five concepts – dhaaranaa- for procedural meditation.
, Retention; Concentration; Record; Visualizations
Dhaaravusuppose, presume; desire; guess, conjecture; determine
DhaatakikhandaName of Island or region
DhaatuElements; Root matter; Metal; grammatical root; verbal root, [gram.] f. mineral, any one of the seven constituent elements of the body; semen virile.
DhairyaPatience; A pure soul has infinite patience, courage; steadiness; composure, calmness.
Dhalavube inclined towards
Dhanadhaanya pramanatikramaExceeding limits of grains, cattle and wealth.
Dhandheropublication through a crier who beats a little drum; notification; proclamation (by ruler or government).
DhanusaA lentgth measure; Bow weapon
DhanyaGrace; Riches, happy, fortunate; blessed. int. bravo! well done!
Dhanya-mana pramanaMeasure of cereals
Dhanyataagreat good fortune
DharanaA measure; It is condition of recollection also it is an element in avagraha; Retention
Dharavahika gnaanaSequence of repeating congnition
Dhari raakheli yogyataRetention of ability
DharmaHoly law; Righteousness; Predicate nature of entities; Observance of set of good qualities; Religion, Elements in Buddhist doctrine; Righteousness (ten forms); Technically, the Jainas have used the term to signify motion, as adharma signifies rest.
(1) Medium of motion; (2) Religion; (3) Piety; (4) Righteous; (5) Merit; (6)Duty; (7) Righteousness; (8) Nature of things; (9) Attribute; (10) Virtue; (11) Morality; (12) The real nature of an element, Discrete element ; A kind of a substance; Component elements; Principle of motion; Phenomena; Property; Unsubstantiality of things; Predicate; Doctrine; Abilityvirtue, nirvikaar parinaam- passionless modification. knowledge, faith, conduct are the dharma of the soul and soul itself is dharmi, Dharma means present passionless state and the reason for it is the eternal knowledge of the soul, dharma means vartamaan vitraag dashaa uskaa kaaran trikaali gnaayak swarup uskaa kaaran parmaatmaa hai. Dharma means the real nature of an element. vastu kaa swabhaav hi dharm hai, upyog is dharma and soul is dharmi. As the flame possesses the light, the soul possesses the upyog.

Dhaari Raakheli Yogyataa, retention of ability, Retention of powers, Nature of the pure soul, aspects.(particular part or feature of some thing.), attributes and modes are known as dharma and soul is known as dharmi.

morality, the real nature of an element, attributes which are present in a substance, Attributes and modes are known as dharma. Shrimad Rajchandra Vachanaamrut page 761 refers to Ratnakand shraavakaachaar about “Dharma”. According to it: Dharma means:
– one which keeps the soul in its innate nature
-Innate nature of the soul is dharma
-One which keeps soul in the innate form and does not let it deviate to alien inclination is dharma.
-With alien inclinations one ends up going to lower realms of existences. Dharma prevents this happenings and keeps one in his innate nature
– Right faith, knowledge and conduct is dharma
– Omniscient Lord says that the triple gem of right faith, knowledge and conduct is dharma
-one having right faith and knowledge in six universal substances and therefore getting engrossed in the innate form is dharma
– Dharma makes one to get out of the transmigratory sufferings and takes him to super sensuous bliss.

that which takes one to the desired goal is called virtue, supreme forbearance etc ten virtues are known as dash dharma, medium of motion, that which includes kindness to all creatures, religion, righteousness, daily observance of religious rites, real nature of an element, one of the four essential duties of the householder, e.g. dharma, arth, kaam, and moksha., yogyataa, eligibility, ability, knowledge, faith or belief in the matter of morality,
good behavior, death, life after death, God, etc.; religion; religious practices; merit or virtue; charity; duty, obligation; first of the four objects of life, property, quality, nature; name of Yudhisthira; Yama, God of death.
Dharma means predicate,(vastu naa anek dharm chhe)

Dharma anuprekshaacontemplation of religion
Dharma bhaavanaaReligious feelings
Dharma bheeruGod fearing
Dharma chakrareverential wheel related to samosaran.
Dharma dhyaanrighteous meditation, spiritual contemplation, virtuous meditation
Dharma dhyanrighteous meditation, religious meditation
Dharma dravyaReality of medium of motion; Dharma as substance; it is the principle of motion, medium of motion
Dharma kartaapropagator of religion, the omniscient being
Dharma kathaReligious tale
Dharma laabhaBenefit of attending; Learning or serving religion
Dharma lakshanbasic characteristics of religion, nature of a substance
Dharma mudhataareligious ignorance, silliness
Dharma nirpextaasecular
Dharma prabhavanaapropagation of religion
Dharma svakhya tattvanupreksha:Nature of Right-Path as said by the conquerors. The true nature of Truth, i.e., the three fold path to real Liberation.
Dharma swaakhyaat tatvatruth proclaimed by religion
Dharma swaakhyaat tatvatruth proclaimed by religion
Dharma swabhaaavthe real essence of an element
Dharma swabhaaavthe real essence of an element
Dharma tirthaHoly path; religious order which is fourfold in Jainism
Dharma updesaA self-study type; Religious sermon
Dharma upkaaraAids of religion
Dharma vraddhiIncrease in righteousness; May righteousness increase.
Dharma-anupreksaReflection on religion
Dharma-avarna vaadaIll-speaking of religion
Dharma-chakraWheel of religion; Holy law
Dharma-dhyaana(1) Righteous meditation; (2) Meditating on spiritual objects, like the words of the tirthankaras, images of the tirthankaras, etc. The Jainas have conceived four types of meditation, of which two are common to all worldly beings and two are followed by those who are on the spiritual path. They are: Arta-dhyana, which is meditating on earthly objects for one’s own happiness;

  • Raudra-dhyana, which is meditating on doing harm to another or others for one’s own happiness;
  • Dharma-dhyana as above; and

Sukla-dhyana, which is meditating on one s own self.

Dharma-dravya:The principle of motion
Dharma-katha:Religious tale
Dharma-labha:Increase in righteousness
Dharma-svakhyatatva anupreksaReflection of Jain teaching
Dharma-svakhyatatva:The absolutely true teachings of the Jinas
Dharma-tirthHoly path
Dharma-tirtha:Holy path
Dharma:Attribute, Holy law; elements in Buddhist doctrine; righteousness, ten forms, Observances, Principle of Motion, The true Religion
Dharmaanuraagreligious zeal or devotion
Dharmaanuraagreligious zeal or devotion
DharmaanushhthaanReligious ritual or activity
DharmaanushhthaanoReligious activities
Dharmaastikaaymedium of motion
Dharmaastikaaymedium of motion
Dharmaatmaapious, virtuous, (person), holy personage
DharmabhushanCreator of scripture Nyaay dipikaa. He was there in about 13th or 14th century.
Dharmadhyana:Virtuous concentration
DharmadurlabhabhaavanaaUnobtainability of the true preceptors religion scriptire and right religion
Dharmagnaone who knows the religious principles and scriptures
DharmanaathaFifteenth tirthankar
DharmiMinor term; Subject of syllogism, religious person, substance, jisme dharma (swabhaav) paayaa jaataa hai vah dharmi hai. Dharmi saadhya dharm no aadhaar chhe. having a particular quality or property; religious follower of a particular religion, The substance in which all the attributes are present in the indivisible form, subject, that which supports, attributive, attributor, Saadhya dharm no aadhaar te dharmi, Saadhya dharma agni chhe ane teno aadhaar parvat chhe. Etle parvat ne dharmi kahevaay chhe. Fire is the one that needs to be proved, (saadhya) and mountain is the basis for fire to be proven and therefore mountain is dharmi, Attributes and modes are known as dharma and substance is known as dharmi.
DharmopadesakaReligious teacher
Dharmopadeshpreaching, religious sermon
Dharmopadeshpreaching, religious sermon
Dharmyavirtuous, righteous, virtuous concentration, legal, legitimate, usual, customary, endowed with qualities
Dharmyavirtuous, righteous, virtuous concentration, legal, legitimate, usual, customary, endowed with qualities
Dhircourageous; steady; resolute; serious-minded, sedate; undaunted, intrepid; persevering; wise. patience; confidence, trust
Dhircourageous; steady; resolute; serious-minded, sedate; undaunted, intrepid; persevering; wise. patience; confidence, trust
Dhir gambhirclam and resolute
Dhir gambhirclam and resolute
Dhoopfragrant resin or gum, one of the eight worshipable articles
Dhoopfragrant resin or gum, one of the eight worshipable articles
Dhorichief, main; public, open to all; big. m. chief bullock; son
DhrauvyaIt refers to the duration or permanence of the aspect of the
substance; Continuity; Permanence
DhrovyaDhruv nu bhaav panu, mode of the constancy, in the mode of origination and cessation the substance’s sameness- dravya ni saadrashtaa remains all the time is known as dhrovya, quality of being permanent, to consider permanence in the mode of origination and cessation. In this regard dhrovya is in the form of a mode, immovableness, firmness
DhrutiFemale deity; Latency; Reflection; Stead-fastness; Patinece
Dhruv saamaanyaeternal soul substance
Dhruv swabhaaveternal entity.
Dhruv visheshpresent modification of eternal soul substance without any origination or cessation, kaaran suddh paryaay.
DhruvaPermanence; Constant; Eternal
Dhruva (Matijnana):Constant
Dhruva Shunya-Vargana:Fixed-indifferent-molecule
DhruvaachariMoving for salvation
DhruvagrahiLasting; Grasping
Dhumaadovirtuous, righteous, virtuous concentration, legal, legitimate, usual, customary, endowed with qualities
DhumaosaA fault in food
Dhundhalufoggy; dim; dark. n. twilight.
Dhundhiya panthaNon-idolator sect of Svetaambers
DhyaanaMeditation concentration: Self or soul’s upayoga on one particular object
Dhyaanavistone who is doing meditation.
DhyaataMeditator; Concentrator one who mediates or contemplates.
DhyanantarikiIntervalised meditational state
DhyanapravahaCourse of meditation
DhyeyaSubject of meditation, worth contemplating, fit to be thought about
closely. n. ideal; mark, aim, target, to be meditated on, fit for meditation, to be pondered or imagined
Didwakshaainquisitiveness to see the world, bondage and liberation types of two things ( sankhya darshan)
DifferentiaThe character or attribute by which one species is distinguished from all others of the same genus
Dig vrataNot to go out of certain area throughout the life
Dig-vijayaWorld conquest
Dig-viratiDirection-rectricting vow
Dig-vrataDirection-rectricting vow
Dig-vratiSee Dikparimana under Vratas.
DigambaraNaked; Sky-clad; A jain sect; Name of the Jain sect whose mendicants particularly higher level practice ascetic nudity
Digambara saadhuSkyclad monk; Naked monk.
DigamberNaked i.e. sky-clad
Digdaahredness of the sky after evening.
DikIt refers to direction in space.
DiksaachaaryaInitiation preceptor, Intiator.
DiksaaguruInitiation preceptor, Intiator.
DikshaRenunciation of the worldly life; Renouncement from the worldly life; Renounce the world and Initiation into monkhood.
Dimakone type of red ant
Dinataapoverty; wretchedness; helplessness.
Dipakthat kindles, stimulates or brightens. m. lamp;
Dipraa drastiThe achiever begins to consider religion dearer than his very life.
He gets pleasure in devotion and begins to have vision for his goal.
Dirghlong, long (in time and space); (of vowel etc.)
Dirghaaksharlong syllable.
DirghalokaVegetation; Wordly
DirghatapasviExtended penance; Deep austerite
Disa parimaanaDirection; Limitation
Dishaaside, part; direction, quarter; way, path.
Diva bhojanaDay eating
Divyaheavenly, divine; wonderful; shining; beautiful. n. ordeal, testing the innocence or otherwise of person by water or fire.
Divya dhwaniDivine sound forming Omniscient’s preaching, divine voice
or sound, Omniscient revelation in the form of omkar sound, resonant preaching of Omniscient Lords,
Miraculous or divine sound; When a Tirthankara attains enlightenment, this sound emerges from them, silent, yet understood by every living thing in his or her own language.
DooshhitaSpoiled; Corrupted
DosaFlow; Defeat; Imperfection; Faults; Defects; Demerits; Logical aberration (eccentricity); Flaws
Dosa-darsanaDefects viewing
Doshafaults, defects, demerits.
Dradhataastrengthen, to make it firm, to make it solid
Drashtaantexample, illustration
Drashti gocharperceptible by vision, perceptible with faith
DrastaPerceiver; Realizer; Perceived
DrastaantaIllustration; Example
DrastiVision; Perception, view, site, faith, theory, doctrine, system, focus with right faith, understanding based on right faith.
DrastiView; Vision; Sight
Drasti apexavision perspective, faith perspective.
Drasti Bheddifferences in view or vision.
Drasti no vishaysubject matter from faith perspectives
Drasti pradhaanprincipally from faith perspectives.
Drasti shaktiPower of vision
Drastibheddifference in vision, or view.
DrastivaadaThe twelfth holy scripture (Anga) of Jainas. In it the elements with their modes etc., were vividly described
Drasyamana darvyaVisible object
Drava punyathe karmic matter facilitating the pleasures and merits.
Dravida sanghaDravida order of Digambera monks
Dravyasubstance, external, material, physical, money, wealth riches; material, matter; primary object.
Dravya(1) Substance

  1. Substance
  2. Matter
  3. Material
  4. Reality
  5. Physical
  6. It is the shelter of attributes and modes. It has origination, destruction and permanence. It is eternal.
Dravya aachaaryaa preceptor
Dravya aaropto characterize a matter in to another.
Dravya aasravphysical or material influx.
Dravya adhikaranaPhydical exposition; A scripture; Physics/metapyisics exposition, physical stratum, support of a substance,
Dravya anshpart of a matter
Dravya antardifferent substance than the self. apne dravya se aneraa dravya, dissimilarity in form of matters
Dravya apratikramanreverential view for the accepted matters in the past.
Dravya aprtyaakhyaanlust or desire for illusive matters
Dravya avasannto become immoral (reg. a saint)
Dravya bandhobjective bondage, physical bondage, physical binding
Dravya bhaashaalexical speech
Dravya bhaavnature of a substance
Dravya chhednaaknowledge of one matter gained by another one ( by penetration)
Dravya dharmanature of the substance, dravya panu
Dravya dhyeyato concentrate mind on the virtuous matters
Dravya drastiPerspective from substantial point of view, substantive stand point, Soul substance as object of faith, substantive view point,,object of faith to be the soul substance, faith perspective, shraddha aspect, to perceive the substance from eternal pure perspective, knowledge mode has genuine knowledge for the mode still faith mode has put its pride in the true nature of the
soul and surrendered its total self to the soul substance. Now it has given its self to the soul substance entirely. In its experience only the soul substance resides. This is dravya drasti, swabhaav drasti, bhutaarth aasray.ज्ञान पयार्य को पयार्य का यथाथर् ज्ञान होने पर भी श्रद्धा ने अपना अहं द्रव्य में विसर्जित किया है, समिपर् त
किया है। अब द्रव्य ही उसका स्व है, उसकी अनुभूित में द्रव्य ही बसता है, वह स्वयं नहीं। यही द्रव्य दृिष्ट है, स्वभाव दृिष्ट है, भूताथर् का आश्रय है. (naya rahashya, Abhaykumarji, page151)
Dravya gunacommon and specific virtues of a substance or matter.
Dravya hinsaMaterial violence, external violence.
Dravya indriyaphysical senses
Dravya karmaMaterial karma
Dravya kashaayphysical passions
Dravya leshyaaphysical aura, physical coloration, With rise of color body karma – varna naam karma – there is certain color of the skin of the body is known as dravya leshyaa.
Dravya lingaPhysical appearance, physical appearance of saint, external appearance, physical clad monks.
Dravya lingi muniThe naked possessionless monks who have not attained right belief.
Dravya malEight material karma obscuring knowledge etc.
Dravya manobjective mind
Dravya mohaphysical delusion
Dravya mokshaactual separation of karma from soul, installation of supreme soul to adobe of siddha
Dravya namaskaaraPhysical bowing down, physical reverential greetings
Dravya napunshakhermaphrodite
Dravya nayaphysical standpoint, the vision – drasti- which accepts the general nature of a substance.
Dravya nibandhanbinding of two matters
Dravya niksepaIt is the understanding of the nature of the object from the point of view of substance based on the dialectical
Dravya nikshepasubstantive installing e.g. the son of the king is been said as king., installation by substance.
Dravya nimittphysical cause e.g. karmic binding and fruition
Dravya nimittakcircumstantial transformation of matters, with material karma as instrumental cause there is anger etc passions occurring in soul.
Dravya nirgranthphysically naked , with material detachment
Dravya nirjaraMaterial shedding of karma, objective shedding, objective physical dissociation
Dravya paapsinful nature of material karma
Dravya palyaa time unit related to Jain philosophy, One yojan long, wide and deep ditch which is full of sheep’s hair pieces and take one such piece out every 100 years and time it takes to completely empty the ditch is one palya.
Dravya panesubstance hood, substantiveness
Dravya panusubstance hood, substantiveness, substance by its nature, dravya dharma.
Dravya paraavartancycle of matter
Dravya paravartanCycle of matter
Dravya parivartanmodification of material karma, cycle of matter.
Dravya parmaanuparticles of matter.
Dravya paryaaymodes of a substance, vyanjan paryaay. e.g. human, celestial
modes etc. Vyanjan paryaay is also known as dravya paryaay (Panchaadhyaayi purvardh gatha 63), different forms of matters,1, (y 212), mode of the extension in to space attribute, mode of the extension in to space attribute due to which a given substance has some form of shape. Swabhaav vyanjan paryaay due to which the pure substance has a form e.g. the shape of the liberated soul. Vibhaav vyanjan paryaay due to which the transmigratory soul has a shape in the form of a given body.
Dravya paryaay aaroptreatment of modal appearance in to matter and matter in to modal appearance, from impure substantial partial point of view – ashuddh dravyaarthic naya- one mixes substance with mode and vice versa.
Dravya poojaPhysical worship, material worship.
Dravya praanaMaterial vitality, physical vitalities essential to life. They are ten in numbers: five senses, mind, speech and body, breathing and ability to live- aayush.
Dravya pramaannumerical measure of substances, starting from one atom to aggregate atoms to countable numbers, uncountable numbers and infinite numbers.
Dravya pratikramanreading pratkraman dandak etc, religious key lessons is called dravya pratikraman
Dravya pratyaakhyaanresolution for the renunciation of non acceptable matters.
Dravya pujaaphysical worship with eight substances
Dravya purushmale by gender
Dravya saamaayikphysically avoiding all evils. not to have any reflective thoughts regarding conscious and non conscious substances.
Dravya sallekhanaaphysical holy death by giving up food etc.
Dravya samvaraMaterial stoppage of karma, stoppage of karma influx
Dravya samyag drastione having keen desire and eligible talent for getting right perception
Dravya sangraha book written by Acharya Nemichand Siddhant Chakravarti, during year 900-1000. The critics is written in Sanskrit by Shri Brahmdevsuriji
Dravya sansaarphysical world.
Dravya Sevaworshiping the Omniscient Lord, bowing down to the Lord, Worshiping the Lord, to sing the virtues of the Lord.
Dravya shaktisubstantial capacity
Dravya shalyaphysical sting, physical thorn (related to karma)
Dravya shramanout worldly saints
Dravya shrutscriptures, a type of scriptural knowledge, jinwaani, scriptural knowledge, sacred knowledge of the scriptures, sacred scriptures.
Dravya shrutaScriptures
Dravya shuddhito make the body pure with water etc means.
Dravya sparshphysical touch
Dravya stavaphysical praising, act of eulogy
Dravya strifemale by gender
Dravya stutiSubjective eulogy, physical reverential greetings, dravya namaskaar.
Dravya swabhaavaNature of matters
Dravya swabhavanature of matters
Dravya tirthplaces of pilgrimage.
Dravya udayphysical fruition
Dravya upachaarconventional usage of one matter for another.
Dravya upashama type of subsidences(reg. matters).
Dravya upkrama type of upkram, a pursuance in accordance with natural matters
Dravya vaada doctrine of Sankhya philosophy
Dravya vachanaAuspicious reflective thoughts, physical speech or pronunciation
Dravya vedsomething related to gender formation
Dravya vichikitsaaphysical disgust especially pertaining to excreta etc
Dravya visheshaexcellence of matter, in soul and matter non corporeal and corporeal types of specific attributes, excellence of thing given
Dravya vyatirekTwo substances are different so it is dravya vyatirek or desh vyatirek Dravya yog – vibration in soul’s space points owing to the physical activities, Vibratory
activity of the space points of the soul
Dravya yutistate of the unity of matters.
Dravya, kshetra, kaal ane bhaavAny given thing in the universe is having its own eternal existence with it’s own boundary to exert its own infinite powers. This is known as self-quaternary of the substance, area, time and attributes
Dravya, kshetra, kaal, bhaav and bhavfive types of transmigration
Dravya-bandhaPhysical bonding, Physical bondage
Dravya-bhaasaPhysical speech
Dravya-drastiSubstantive standpoint
Dravya-hinsaPhysical violence
Dravya-indriyaPhysical sense
Dravya-karmaPhysical karmas
Dravya-lesyaPhysical aura; Physical colouration
Dravya-lingaPhysical sign; Outer sign
Dravya-manaPhysical mind; Material mind
Dravya-niksepaSubstantive positing
Dravya-nirgranthaPhysically detached; Physically naked; Outwardlly
Dravya-nirjaraaObjective shedding; Objective physical dissociation
Dravya-parivartanaMatter cycle
Dravya-praanaPhysical vitalities
Dravya-pramaanaNumerical measure of substance
Dravya-pratikramanaReading of penitence scriptures
Dravya-pujaPhysical worship
Dravya-purusaMale by gender
Dravya-samvaraStoppage of karmic influx
Dravya-samyaktvaExternal aspect of righteousness
Dravya-sramanaPhysical monk; Outwardly monk
Dravya-striFemale by gender
Dravya-vedaPhysical libido
DravyaacharyaPhysical preceptor.
Dravyaanuyogexpositions related to metaphysics, one of the 4 expositions of Jainism dealing with substances and metaphysics.
Dravyaarthic nayareal aspect, substantial point of view
Dravyaarthik nayathe partial point of view knowing the substance – anshi ko jaannaa use dravyaarthink maya kahte hai. Here all the divisions – bhed- are secondary in nature. There is only indivisibility – abhed- considered, real aspect, general point of view.
There are ten divisions of dravyaarthik naya:
१:कमोर्पािध निरपेक्ष शुद्ध द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Karmopaadhi Nirpex Shuddh Dravyaarthik Naya
२: उत्पाद व्यय निरपेक्ष सत्ता ग्राहक शुद्ध द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Utpaad Vyay Nirpex Sattaa
graahak Shuddh Dravyaarthik Naya.
३: भेद कल्पना निरपेक्ष शुद्ध द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Bhed Kalpanaa Nirpex Shuddh Dravyaarthik Naya
४: कमोर्पािध सापेक्ष अशुद्ध द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Karmopaadhi Saapex Ashuddh
Dravyaarthik Naya
५: उत्पाद व्यय सापेक्ष अशुद्ध द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Utpaad Vyay Saapex Ashuddh Dravyaarthik Naya
६: भेद कल्पना सापेक्ष अशुद्ध द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Bhed Kapanaa Saapex Ashuddh
Dravyaarthik Naya
७: अन्वय द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Anvay Dravyaarthik Naya
८: स्व द्रव्यािद ग्राहक द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Swa Dravyaadi Graahak Dravyaarthik Naya
९: परम द्रव्यािद ग्राहक द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Param Dravyaadi Graahak Dravyaarthik Naya
१०: परम भाव ग्राहक द्रव्यािथर् क नय – Param Bhaav Graahak Dravyaarthik Naya.
Ref: Naya Rahashya By Abhaykumarji page 239 Dravyaasray – attributes related to matter
Dravyaashritdependent on the substance.
Dravyabhutthe attributes of a substance, substance with its attributes.
Dravyarthic nayaReal aspect; Substantial point of view
DravyasravaKarmic influx; Physical influx
Dravyastika nayaIt is the point of view of substance; Substantive standpoint
DravyatvaChangeability, nature of the substance, nityataa ke saath parinamanshiltaa, dravyatva means substance’s own attributes, substantiality
Dravyatva bhutattributes of a substance
Dravyatva gunaSubstance hood attribute; Substantiality attribute
Dravyatva panuattributes of a substance
DronaA measure, 4 Adhakas
Drona-mukhaVillage on two rivers; Capital of two village
Duh shrutiEvil hearing
DukhaSuffering; Pain; Penury, sorrow, unhappiness, grief; difficulty; trouble, sickness.
Dukha-abhipraayaDesire for suffering
Dukha-ksayaRelease from suffering; Parimoksha
Dukha-sayyaLiving in gloom
Dukha-vedaniyaPain feeling karma; Pain inducing karma
DukkadamaForgive me and thus absolve me of my karmas or dissolve my mistakes
Dundubhidrum, sort of large kettle drum
DuranuchaaraUp-hill task
DurarthaDistant objects
Durati-karmyaDifficultly transcendable
Duratrddhi (darsana, sravana, rasa)Super-distanial attainment (of vision, hearing, taste)
Durgfort, killo
DurganchhaHatred; Criticism and remarks particularly at the dresses or look of the monks and nuns
DurgandhaBad smell
Durgatibeing thrown into a lower region hell after death; bad state; trouble
Durjayadifficult to conquer
DurlabhaScarse; Rare; Difficult to attain
DurnayaFalse standpoint or view point
Durnirvaardifficult to eradicate, difficult to remove.
Duruhgoodh, gambhir, difficult, detail
DusamaUnhappy; Penury
Dusama susamaUnhappy-cum-happy; Penury-cum-plenitude
DusanaConfutation; Blemish
DushhkaraDifficult task opposed to sukar
Dushkrutyawicked or evil act.
DuskrtiUnrighteousness; Sin
Dusma-dusamaExtremely unhappy; Extreme penury
Duspramarjita niksepaPlacing carelessly
Duspramr-staPlacement without care
DuspranidhanaPerverse mind-fulness
DuspratyakhyanaBad abstinence
DusvaraNon-melodious voice
Dutiતેજ, light
Dvaadasaangi12 membered
DvaaraTopic; Chapter; Section Door
Dvaitadual, duality, doctrine of duality, differences.
Dvaita bhaavspirit of duality.
Dvandvcompound, compound word, in which two or more nouns are joined together, which standing by themselves would be in the same case connected by ‘and’. n. pair, couple, twins; duel (combat); fight, quarrel.
Dvandv yuddhafight between two persons
Dvandvaatitgone beyond, transcending, the pairs of opposites (like happiness and misery, sin and virtue, etc.). advait
Dvandvatmakdialectical,1. relating to the logical discussion of ideas and opinions: dialectical ingenuity. 2 concerned with or acting through opposing forces: a dialectical opposition between social convention and individual libertarianism.
DvesaHatred, Volitional repulsion, Aversion (strong dislike)
Dvesa or Dvesha or DveshhaAntipathy, Aversion, Hatred; Krodha-anger; Maana-ego; Arati i.e. dislike and fear are expressions of dvesa; Aversion; Dislike
DvicharanaTwo-fold steps; Two steps
DvijaTwice born
DvipaIsland; Continent
Dvipa samudraIsland and oceans; Island- continent; World continents
Dvipa siddhaSalvated form world continents
Dwaadsaangitwelve parts of scriptural knowledge
DweepaIsland; A large isolated area; There are two and a half
dweeps, each with three kshetras in them; A large Island of continent size.
DweshhaAversion; Dislike
DwindriyaTwo-sensed (basically touch & taste)
Dwividhof two kinds, duality
Dyotakmaking clear or manifest; illuminating, expressive, presenting, demonstrating
Dyotanilluminator, to illuminate
Dyotyailluminator, exhibitor, demonstrator, presenter