G

WORDMEANING
Gaandharva Celestial musician
Gaandharva lagna One of the eight forms of marriage in vogue in ancient India, in which, without the consent of their parents and the elders, a boy and a girl got married by a simple exchange of garlands.
Gaccha Community of monks in svetambara sect of Jainism
Gadya Story or writing as oppose to Padya which is poem or song
Gamya Uunderstandable; Knowable, accessible, approachable; curable. fit for cohabitation, to be known, jaani shakaay te., object to be known
Gana A unit of residence for Jain monks
Ganadhara (1) The first closests and direct disciples of Lord Mahaveer. Eleven in all; (2) The first mendicant disciples of Tirthankaras. Supporters of the order. Mahavir had eleven, the most famous of which was Gautamswami.
Ganadhara kesi Fourth Aacharya in the line of Paarsvanaath, a contemporary of Mahavira. He had a long discussion with Ganadhara Gautama of the order of Mahaavira, which resolved the differences between the two sects of the nirgranthas, who were united thereafter.
Ganadharaji Respectful address to ganadhars
Gandha Smell
Gandhasti The best of the elephants
Gani The head of the gana or jain group
Ganipidaga Tha sacred baskets where Ganadhara stored their writings of
Gatharth Verbal meaning of stanza
Gati State of being or living or condition, movement, destiny, body form, condition of existence, realms of existence.
Gati hetutva Instrumental cause in the motion of a substance
Gauna Secondary
Gehi Hou
Ghaati Destructive
Ghaatiya Destructive
Ghadi A time unit of 24 minutes, measure of 24 minutes
Ghati The four types of karmas, whose powers are much stronger than those of the aghati karmas. Karmas that have a vitiating effect upon the qualities of the soul. These powers may last for many lives.
Ghatika A period of slightly less than 24 minutes
Ghoratavassi One who practices severe austerities
Glaani Grief, fatigue of body; depression of mind; sadness; languor; disgust, dislike
Gnaana Knowledge. A pure soul has infinite knowledge; Cognition; Understanding; Enlightenment; Realization; Experience
Gnaana Knowledge; Congnition; Realization; Experience; Knowledge Description: The Jainas have conceived five kinds of knowledge as follows: Mati or ordinary cognition by the sense organs and the mind; Sruta or knowledge derived with the help of signs, symbols, or words (expressions); Avadhi or direct knowledge of corporeal things without the help of the sense organs and the mind, but within some limit of space and time; understanding, vedak, jaanavu
Gnaana chakshu Omniscience
Gnaana chetnaa cognitive consciousness
Gnaana ninhava Concealment of knowledge
Gnaana panchami Cremony of Scriptural Fifth; Sruta panchmi
Gnaana paryaaya Instinctive true knowledge
Gnaana samaya System of knowledge
Gnaana sanjna Knowledge instinct
Gnaana swaroopa Embodiment of knowledge; Of the form of knowledge
Gnaanaachar Right practice of right knowledge
Gnaanaakar Power of soul; Super consciousness
Gnaanachetnaa Cognitional consciousness
Gnaanadaana Transmission or donation of knowledge
Gnaanatishaya Ten excellencies of omniscience lord Arihant
Gnaanavarana Obscuring karma of knowledge
Gnaanavaraniya A ghati karma that obstructs the capacity of soul to know things in their purest forms
Gnaanavaraniya karma Knowledge-obscuring karma
Gnaanayoga Relgious knowledge which can give one the salvation
Gnaanedriya Congnitive sense; Sankhya categories of senses
Gnaani Enlightened person; Person possessing right knowledge; Kower, a leaned person
Gnaanopayoga Cognitive consciousness; Determine cognition
Gnaanotpattikrama Process of obtaining knowledge
Gnaapti Knowledge
Gnaata Knower, known
Gnaata dhaara Flow of knowledge
Gnaata drastaa Pure knower and observer state
Gnaata-bhaava Intuitional state; Intention
Gnaayaka Knower; Knower of right knowledge, the possessor of the infinite powers like gnaan gneya etc, is known as gyaayak, eternal, permanence nature, eternal knower state
Gneya Knowable; Object of knowledge; Recognizable object; Perceptible; Knowledgeable, knowable object, object. According to samaysar kalash 271 gney means the eternal unchanging conscious soul substance coming in to illumination in the knowledge mode and the mode, attribute and substance are in unison is known as gneya. see also pratibhaas which is the illumination of all six universal substances illuminating in the knowledge mode., vaidya, prameya, gneya shakti, janaavaa yogya, maaraamaa hu janaai jau te gneya, Maraamaa aakhi vastu janaai jay ane vikalpa nathi te gneya, fit to be known, worth knowing, knowable. n. that which is to be known, perceptible
Gneya gnaata sambandha Relation between the object (matter) and the knower
Gneya tatva Knowledgeable substance, Knowledgeable element, knowable substance
Gneyaakara characteristic knowledge of matter
Gneyaartha Recognizable matters, cognitive import
Goraani A respectful address to Nun or Sadhviji
Gotra Exogamous group; Status of birth; Status
Gotra karma Karmas that determine environmental circumstances, Status- determining aghaatiya karma
Graha Planet; Receiving; Acquisition
Grahana Acquisition; Receiving; Eclipse; Obscuration, to know, action of knowing, acceptance,taking, seizing, seizure; comprehension; [astron.] eclipse, to know.
Grahastha linga House-holder stage
Graheeta Achieved through outer causes
Grahyamaana Newly and newly getting acquired
Graiviyaka Heavenly adobe of certain kind of angels, heavenly place beyond all 16 heavens. see vaimaanik dev for further details.
Granth Treatise, verse, composition, book, literary production.
Granthas Possessionness; Volumes of books
Granthi Bondage; Possessions; Knot
Granthi-bheda Cutting of knots
Grantho Knot
Grasa Mouthful intake equal to 1000 rice grains
Grevaayaka High heaven
Grhirartha Salvation path-acceptor
Griddha Greed
Grihastha Layman; Householder; Family man
Gruhasth aashrama Family life; The second of four stages that a Jain shravak and shravika are recommended to pass through in his or her lifetime
Gruhit mithyaatva Acquired wrong belief from the instruction of others.
Guna Attribute; Quality; Opposite of faults i.e. doshha
Guna guni Soul as substance and its attributes
Guna paryaaya Merit- acquired
Guna pramaana Measure for attributes; Attributable measure
Guna vraddhi Increasing series
Guna vrata Reinforcing vow; Qualifying vows; Supporting vows
Gunaakaara Multiplier
Gunaanka Multiplier
Gunahani Decreasing series
Gunapratyayika Something happening because of internal virtues
Gunas Attribute or attributes of a substance; Intrinsic or natural Quality; Property; Virtue; Opposite of faults
Gunasthaana The fourteen stages of purification and spiritual development.
Gunavrata Three vows that enhance the five anuvrats; Retraints that reinforce the practice of anuvratas
Guni Substance with attributes, virtuous, meritorious. m. virtuous, accomplished, person; person skilled in fine arts; magician.
Gunja A measure; 1/8 masa
Gunottara sreni Geometrical progression
Gunya Multiplicant
Gupragara Treasure
Gupta brahmachaari Controlled celibate
Gupti Control over mind, speech and body; Restraint, Sell-control, Preservation; Guard
Guptindriya Controlled sense
Guru Preceptor; Spiritual Teacher; Heavy; Colossal; Saint
Guru muddhata Belief in false preceptor; Preceptoral idiocy
Guru paasti Homage to monks
Guru paramparaa Teacher lineage
Guru upasti Teacher venetation
Gurugama Preceptor or spiritual teachers knowledge
Guruji A respectful address to the gure i.e. teacher
Gurukula Seminary
Gyaana Knowledge
Gyaataa One who acquires the knowledge
Gyeya The object of knowledge
Gaanthknot, tie; knot or knob in wood; joint in tree where it branches; bulb, tuber; blind tumor or bump; bubo; (of plague); animosity, malice; unity, concord; marriage tie.
Gaathaarthverbal meaning of stanza
Gaccha:A chapter of monks
Gachchhamultitude, collection; crowd; flock; mass.
Gadhfort, hill fort.
Gajanimilika:Closing of eyes like an elephant
Gamakshowing clearly, suggestive, indicative; significant, suchak, knower
Gambhirdeep; thick; dense; grave, serious; thoughtful, considerate; inspiring awe and respect; patient.,deep; grave, serious; inspiring wonder and respect; considerate, thoughtful; influential; patient; forbearing.
Gamdha:Smell.
Gamika (Sruta):Scriptures containing repetitions
Gana:A residence unit for monks
Ganadhara:Direct disciple of the Tirthankaras Supporters of the order, i.e., the first mendicant disciples of a Tirthankara
Gandh kuticenter stage where omniscient lord sits in samosaran.
Gandha:Smell
Gandhardirect disciple of the tirthankar
Gandharva:Celestial musician
Gangaa swarupholy as the Ganga (attribute prefixed to the name of widow to show respect).
Ganganavuhum, murmur; snuffle, speak with a nasal twang; complain. v. t. say in a complaining mood
Gani-pidaga:Basket of the ganadharas, i.e., the canon ofthe Jainas
Ganin:Leader of the order
Garbha:Conception
Garbhithidden, partial.
Garhapatya-agni:One of the sacred fires of the Hindu srauta ritual
Garhitcensured, despised; contemptible, hateful, reprehensible.
Garimaaimportance,greatness; dignity; one of the eight siddhis, powers (or accomplishments), attained by yoga, viz. power of becoming heavy or great at will.
Gati:Birth; destiny, Condition of existence, Condition
Gau:Cow (animal) or the action of going
GausargikPurvaahn, first part of the day, time between 48 minutes after sunrise to 48 minutes prior to noon. This is also known as gausargik., gosarg, (please also see kaalaachaar for further details)
Gaushaalaacow shelter
Ghaataklethal, likely to bring about death; destructive. modulus.
Ghaati karmadestructive karma.
Ghanasolid; thick crowded; much, plentiful; cubic, of three dimensions. cube; hexagon with all its sides equal; one of the systems of reciting the Vedas. cloud.
Ghana-ambu:Humid air
Ghana-vata:Dense air
Ghatanama:Name of pitcher
Ghatikarman:Destructive karmans
Ghatiya:Destructive, Karmas that have a vitiating effect upon the qualities of the soul
Ghoiguana; quarrel
Ghoratavassi:One who practices severe austerities
Ghrutghee, butter.
Ghuntavulevigate; grind to powder; hold one’s breath; settle one’s handwriting by practice (by passing one’s pen over the letters in a copy-book).
Gnaan aaraadhnaacontemplation of right knowledge.
Gnaan aavaranobscuring karma of knowledge.
Gnaan baalunknown to reality.
Gnaan bhaavknowledge inclinations, inclinations directed to the innate nature of soul.
Gnaan chakshuomniscience
Gnaan chetnaacognitive consciousness, experiecing the self, swarup vedan,( ref: panchaastikaay gatha 16).
Gnaan daanact of giving or imparting knowledge
Gnaan dhaamtemple of knowledge, light of knowledge, gnaan mandir, gnaan prakaash
Gnaan Dhaaraastream of knowledge
Gnaan kaandphilosophy about the individual soul’s nature.
Gnaan kriyaaan activity of gaining knowledge
Gnaan krutacted with intellect, acted with proper knowledge,
Gnaan madapride or puff of knowledge.
Gnaan marganaaa type of knowledgeable investigation abut beings.
Gnaan nayaview point of acquiring religious knowledge, there are different classification for naya e.g dravyarthic naya and paryayarthic naya and third classification is sabda naya, arth naya and gnan naya. In Sabda naya the object is known by its name e.g. sugar is the word so sugar is the object of sabda naya.
Arth naya means knowledge’s object is the substance in actuality. For example sugar is the sabda- word and its expressible substance is the subject of arth naya. gnan naya means the real total knowledge is praman gnan- organ of knowledge. And when that organ of knowledge is expressed in unidirectional way- ek desh grahi- then it is known as gnan naya. e.g. sugar is the substance and the knowledge acquired through the experiencing the knowledge is known as gnan naya.
Gnaan paryaayainstinctive true knowledge
Gnaan pramanco extensive with knowledge.
Gnaan pravartanknowing a substance.
Gnaan Ratna deep– illuminating jewel of knowledge
Gnaan ruphaving the form of knowledge
Gnaan saamaanyaaeternal general essence of knowledge.
Gnaan samaysystem of knowledge, right time of gaining knowledge, To have appropriate knowledge about reality in the mode is gnaan samay, paryaay maa je
gnaan yathaarth thavu te gnaan samay (panchaastikaay gaathaa
Gnaan sanskaarpaying reverence to scriptures.
Gnaan shalyadishonoring of right knowledge.
Gnaan swabhaavinherent nature of the knowledge.
Gnaan swabhaaviengrossed with knowledge.
Gnaan swaroopembodiment of knowledge, of the form of knowledge
Gnaan udyotanenlightenment of real knowledge
Gnaan upkaransources of real knowledge.
Gnaan upyogcognitive consciousness.
Gnaan vinayreverence to knowledge. acquired knowledge, practicing knowledge, recollecting knowledge with great veneration and with object of attaining salvation constitute reverence to knowledge, internal penance, paying reverence to right knowledge
Gnaanaachaarright practice of right knowledge
Gnaanaadvaitabsolute idealism.
Gnaanaakaarpower of soul, super consciousness, power of soul, shape of
knowledge mode.
Gnaanaatishayaten excellencies of omniscience lord Arihant
Gnaanaatmakconsisting of knowledge, composed of knowledge, cognition
Gnaanaatmak arthcognitive meaning
Gnaanaatmak bahuvidhataacognitive multiplexity
Gnaanaatmak kalpanaacognitive imagination
Gnaanaatmak kriyaapadcognitive verb
Gnaanaatmak prashnacognitive question
Gnaanaatmak vaakyacognitive sentence
Gnaanaatmak visamvaaditaacognitive dissonance
Gnaanaatmak vrutticognitive disposition.
Gnaanendriyasense organs (according to sankhya darshan)
Gnaanmayaconsisting of knowledge, full of knowledge, embodiment of knowledge
Gnaanmaya bhaavaindivisible inclination towards the true nature of the soul, abhed
valan towards the pure nature of soul
Gnaanmudhdevoid of right conduct.
Gnaapaksuggestive
Gnaapak kaaranrevealing cause
Gnaapya gnaapak bhaavthe real causation and logical suggestions
Gnaataaknower, ascertained, comprehended, perceived, understood
Gnaataa drastaapure knower and observer state.
Gnaataa sarvashvaall knowing
Gnaataa siddhantcompletely versed in any science.
Gnaatavyato be known or understood, perceptible, to be considered as
Gnaayak bhaavthe all knowing principle, all knowing virtue, all knowing attribute
Gnaayak swaroopeternal nature of knowledge.
Gnaayakpanuall knowing characteristics, nature of all knowing
Gnaptiknowing; intellect, exercise of intellectual faculty, intelligence, understanding
Gnapti kriyaaactivity of knowing.
Gnapti parivartanchange in aquatinted knowledge, to change the knowable objects in knowing process.
Gney krut ashudhdhataaimpurity in the knowledge mode due to object getting recognized
Gney lubdhataaWhen one’s knowledge is greedy, covetous, enamored, infatuated with the object of knowledge is known as gney lubdhtaa.
Gneya gnaayak sambandhrelation between the object (matter) and the knower
Gneya gnayak sankar doshfault of hybridization of knower and knowable object
Gneya krutobject that is getting recognized, result of knowing an object, fruits of
knowing an object.
Gneya pramaanco extensive with the object of knowledge.
Gneya pramanco extensive with the object of knowledge. When one’s knowledge mode is having greediness- ardent desire- for object of knowledge then it is gney lubdhataa.
Gneyaakaarcharacteristic knowledge of matter, characteristic knowledge of object, shape of the object occurring in the soul’s mode, exact shape of the object illuminating in the knowledge mode.
Gneyaakaar parinamaninvolvement into the knowledge of soul.
Gobarcow-dung; cow-dung reduced to powder; dirt.
Gocharperceptible by the senses; pasture.
Gocharialms
Gokhavurot memorization
Gopavavuhide, conceal
Gorascow milk’s products like yogurt, butter, ghee etc
Gorji:A term used for yati
Gosarg kaala period of specific noon time, time between 48 min after sunset to 48 min prior to noon.
Gotra-karma:Karmas that determine environmental circumstances
Gotra:Exogamous groups, Family-determining.
Graahakall knower who knows- jannaro, gnaayak, who receives, takes or comprehends. m. customer; one who receives etc., acceptance, knower, holder
Graahi(at the end of a compd.) who takes, appreciates etc.; binding; accepts
Graasmorsel
Graayhafit to be received, taken, or accepted; admissible, janaavaa yogya, fit to be known
Graham swarupgyaan swarup
Grahana:Cognition
Grahit graahito accept the thing which was accepted before, Dhaaraavaahik gnaan. Same knowledge keeps on coming again and again.
Grahit vikalpaadopted reflections
Grahya:Cognitum
Granthi:Knot
Gruhitaccepted, seized, caught, received, obtained, gained, mentioned, perceived, understood
Gruhit graahi dhaaraavaahi gnaanacquired form of same knowledge keeps on coming again and again.
Gruhit mithyatvaacquired wrong belief from the instruction of others.
Gumma:A chapter of monks
Gunattributes of a substace, virtue.
Gun gunisoul as substance and its attributes. guni is dravya, gun is attributes. Virtue and virtuous.
Gun paneCharacteristics of attributes
Gun ruppossessed of qualities or attributes; having form etc.; virtuous
Gun shreni nirjaraaDissociation of karma from soul in geometrical progression
Gun vratasupporting vows
Guna (Kalpana):Quality
Guna sthana:Fourth spiritual stage.
Guna vratas:Special vows relating to the limitation and determination of his daily work, food and enjoyment.B1196
Guna-adhikshu:The path of liberation.
Guna-sabda:Word indicating quality
Guna:Attribute, Quality
Gunaatmakpossessed of qualities or attributes; having form etc.; virtuous.
Gunasthana:The fourteen stages of purification
Gunatvaanvaya ka vishesh, nature of the attributes
Gunavratas:Restraints that reinforce the practice of the anuvratas
Gunbheddifferent attributes.
Guni janappreciative, clever, person; gentleman; virtuous person; bard, minstrel.
Guni-desa (Kaladigata):Territory of object
Gupti:Preservation, Restraint
Guru-mudhata:False beliefs pertaining to teachers
Guru-upasti:Listening to and venerating teachers
Guru:Heavy, Spiritual teacher
Gyaan padfaculty of knowledge.