Gaandharva Celestial musician
Gaandharva lagna One of the eight forms of marriage in vogue in ancient India, in which, without the consent of their parents and the elders, a boy and a girl got married by a simple exchange of garlands.
Gaccha Community of monks in svetambara sect of Jainism
Gadya Story or writing as oppose to Padya which is poem or song
Gamya Uunderstandable; Knowable, accessible, approachable; curable. fit for cohabitation, to be known, jaani shakaay te., object to be known
Gana A unit of residence for Jain monks
Ganadhara (1) The first closests and direct disciples of Lord Mahaveer. Eleven in all; (2) The first mendicant disciples of Tirthankaras. Supporters of the order. Mahavir had eleven, the most famous of which was Gautamswami.
Ganadhara kesi Fourth Aacharya in the line of Paarsvanaath, a contemporary of Mahavira. He had a long discussion with Ganadhara Gautama of the order of Mahaavira, which resolved the differences between the two sects of the nirgranthas, who were united thereafter.
Ganadharaji Respectful address to ganadhars
Gandha Smell
Gandhasti The best of the elephants
Gani The head of the gana or jain group
Ganipidaga Tha sacred baskets where Ganadhara stored their writings of
Gatharth Verbal meaning of stanza
Gati State of being or living or condition, movement, destiny, body form, condition of existence, realms of existence.
Gati hetutva Instrumental cause in the motion of a substance
Gauna Secondary
Gehi Hou
Ghaati Destructive
Ghaatiya Destructive
Ghadi A time unit of 24 minutes, measure of 24 minutes
Ghati The four types of karmas, whose powers are much stronger than those of the aghati karmas. Karmas that have a vitiating effect upon the qualities of the soul. These powers may last for many lives.
Ghatika A period of slightly less than 24 minutes
Ghoratavassi One who practices severe austerities
Glaani Grief, fatigue of body; depression of mind; sadness; languor; disgust, dislike
Gnaana Knowledge. A pure soul has infinite knowledge; Cognition; Understanding; Enlightenment; Realization; Experience
Gnaana Knowledge; Congnition; Realization; Experience; Knowledge Description: The Jainas have conceived five kinds of knowledge as follows: Mati or ordinary cognition by the sense organs and the mind; Sruta or knowledge derived with the help of signs, symbols, or words (expressions); Avadhi or direct knowledge of corporeal things without the help of the sense organs and the mind, but within some limit of space and time; understanding, vedak, jaanavu
Gnaana chakshu Omniscience
Gnaana chetnaa cognitive consciousness
Gnaana ninhava Concealment of knowledge
Gnaana panchami Cremony of Scriptural Fifth; Sruta panchmi
Gnaana paryaaya Instinctive true knowledge
Gnaana samaya System of knowledge
Gnaana sanjna Knowledge instinct
Gnaana swaroopa Embodiment of knowledge; Of the form of knowledge
Gnaanaachar Right practice of right knowledge
Gnaanaakar Power of soul; Super consciousness
Gnaanachetnaa Cognitional consciousness
Gnaanadaana Transmission or donation of knowledge
Gnaanatishaya Ten excellencies of omniscience lord Arihant
Gnaanavarana Obscuring karma of knowledge
Gnaanavaraniya A ghati karma that obstructs the capacity of soul to know things in their purest forms
Gnaanavaraniya karma Knowledge-obscuring karma
Gnaanayoga Relgious knowledge which can give one the salvation
Gnaanedriya Congnitive sense; Sankhya categories of senses
Gnaani Enlightened person; Person possessing right knowledge; Kower, a leaned person
Gnaanopayoga Cognitive consciousness; Determine cognition
Gnaanotpattikrama Process of obtaining knowledge
Gnaapti Knowledge
Gnaata Knower, known
Gnaata dhaara Flow of knowledge
Gnaata drastaa Pure knower and observer state
Gnaata-bhaava Intuitional state; Intention
Gnaayaka Knower; Knower of right knowledge, the possessor of the infinite powers like gnaan gneya etc, is known as gyaayak, eternal, permanence nature, eternal knower state
Gneya Knowable; Object of knowledge; Recognizable object; Perceptible; Knowledgeable, knowable object, object. According to samaysar kalash 271 gney means the eternal unchanging conscious soul substance coming in to illumination in the knowledge mode and the mode, attribute and substance are in unison is known as gneya. see also pratibhaas which is the illumination of all six universal substances illuminating in the knowledge mode., vaidya, prameya, gneya shakti, janaavaa yogya, maaraamaa hu janaai jau te gneya, Maraamaa aakhi vastu janaai jay ane vikalpa nathi te gneya, fit to be known, worth knowing, knowable. n. that which is to be known, perceptible
Gneya gnaata sambandha Relation between the object (matter) and the knower
Gneya tatva Knowledgeable substance, Knowledgeable element, knowable substance
Gneyaakara characteristic knowledge of matter
Gneyaartha Recognizable matters, cognitive import
Goraani A respectful address to Nun or Sadhviji
Gotra Exogamous group; Status of birth; Status
Gotra karma Karmas that determine environmental circumstances, Status- determining aghaatiya karma
Graha Planet; Receiving; Acquisition
Grahana Acquisition; Receiving; Eclipse; Obscuration, to know, action of knowing, acceptance,taking, seizing, seizure; comprehension; [astron.] eclipse, to know.
Grahastha linga House-holder stage
Graheeta Achieved through outer causes
Grahyamaana Newly and newly getting acquired
Graiviyaka Heavenly adobe of certain kind of angels, heavenly place beyond all 16 heavens. see vaimaanik dev for further details.
Granth Treatise, verse, composition, book, literary production.
Granthas Possessionness; Volumes of books
Granthi Bondage; Possessions; Knot
Granthi-bheda Cutting of knots
Grantho Knot
Grasa Mouthful intake equal to 1000 rice grains
Grevaayaka High heaven
Grhirartha Salvation path-acceptor
Griddha Greed
Grihastha Layman; Householder; Family man
Gruhasth aashrama Family life; The second of four stages that a Jain shravak and shravika are recommended to pass through in his or her lifetime
Gruhit mithyaatva Acquired wrong belief from the instruction of others.
Guna Attribute; Quality; Opposite of faults i.e. doshha
Guna guni Soul as substance and its attributes
Guna paryaaya Merit- acquired
Guna pramaana Measure for attributes; Attributable measure
Guna vraddhi Increasing series
Guna vrata Reinforcing vow; Qualifying vows; Supporting vows
Gunaakaara Multiplier
Gunaanka Multiplier
Gunahani Decreasing series
Gunapratyayika Something happening because of internal virtues
Gunas Attribute or attributes of a substance; Intrinsic or natural Quality; Property; Virtue; Opposite of faults
Gunasthaana The fourteen stages of purification and spiritual development.
Gunavrata Three vows that enhance the five anuvrats; Retraints that reinforce the practice of anuvratas
Guni Substance with attributes, virtuous, meritorious. m. virtuous, accomplished, person; person skilled in fine arts; magician.
Gunja A measure; 1/8 masa
Gunottara sreni Geometrical progression
Gunya Multiplicant
Gupragara Treasure
Gupta brahmachaari Controlled celibate
Gupti Control over mind, speech and body; Restraint, Sell-control, Preservation; Guard
Guptindriya Controlled sense
Guru Preceptor; Spiritual Teacher; Heavy; Colossal; Saint
Guru muddhata Belief in false preceptor; Preceptoral idiocy
Guru paasti Homage to monks
Guru paramparaa Teacher lineage
Guru upasti Teacher venetation
Gurugama Preceptor or spiritual teachers knowledge
Guruji A respectful address to the gure i.e. teacher
Gurukula Seminary
Gyaana Knowledge
Gyaataa One who acquires the knowledge
Gyeya The object of knowledge
Gaanth knot, tie; knot or knob in wood; joint in tree where it branches; bulb, tuber; blind tumor or bump; bubo; (of plague); animosity, malice; unity, concord; marriage tie.
Gaathaarth verbal meaning of stanza
Gaccha: A chapter of monks
Gachchha multitude, collection; crowd; flock; mass.
Gadh fort, hill fort.
Gajanimilika: Closing of eyes like an elephant
Gamak showing clearly, suggestive, indicative; significant, suchak, knower
Gambhir deep; thick; dense; grave, serious; thoughtful, considerate; inspiring awe and respect; patient.,deep; grave, serious; inspiring wonder and respect; considerate, thoughtful; influential; patient; forbearing.
Gamdha: Smell.
Gamika (Sruta): Scriptures containing repetitions
Gana: A residence unit for monks
Ganadhara: Direct disciple of the Tirthankaras Supporters of the order, i.e., the first mendicant disciples of a Tirthankara
Gandh kuti center stage where omniscient lord sits in samosaran.
Gandha: Smell
Gandhar direct disciple of the tirthankar
Gandharva: Celestial musician
Gangaa swarup holy as the Ganga (attribute prefixed to the name of widow to show respect).
Ganganavu hum, murmur; snuffle, speak with a nasal twang; complain. v. t. say in a complaining mood
Gani-pidaga: Basket of the ganadharas, i.e., the canon ofthe Jainas
Ganin: Leader of the order
Garbha: Conception
Garbhit hidden, partial.
Garhapatya-agni: One of the sacred fires of the Hindu srauta ritual
Garhit censured, despised; contemptible, hateful, reprehensible.
Garimaa importance,greatness; dignity; one of the eight siddhis, powers (or accomplishments), attained by yoga, viz. power of becoming heavy or great at will.
Gati: Birth; destiny, Condition of existence, Condition
Gau: Cow (animal) or the action of going
Gausargik Purvaahn, first part of the day, time between 48 minutes after sunrise to 48 minutes prior to noon. This is also known as gausargik., gosarg, (please also see kaalaachaar for further details)
Gaushaalaa cow shelter
Ghaatak lethal, likely to bring about death; destructive. modulus.
Ghaati karma destructive karma.
Ghana solid; thick crowded; much, plentiful; cubic, of three dimensions. cube; hexagon with all its sides equal; one of the systems of reciting the Vedas. cloud.
Ghana-ambu: Humid air
Ghana-vata: Dense air
Ghatanama: Name of pitcher
Ghatikarman: Destructive karmans
Ghatiya: Destructive, Karmas that have a vitiating effect upon the qualities of the soul
Gho iguana; quarrel
Ghoratavassi: One who practices severe austerities
Ghrut ghee, butter.
Ghuntavu levigate; grind to powder; hold one’s breath; settle one’s handwriting by practice (by passing one’s pen over the letters in a copy-book).
Gnaan aaraadhnaa contemplation of right knowledge.
Gnaan aavaran obscuring karma of knowledge.
Gnaan baal unknown to reality.
Gnaan bhaav knowledge inclinations, inclinations directed to the innate nature of soul.
Gnaan chakshu omniscience
Gnaan chetnaa cognitive consciousness, experiecing the self, swarup vedan,( ref: panchaastikaay gatha 16).
Gnaan daan act of giving or imparting knowledge
Gnaan dhaam temple of knowledge, light of knowledge, gnaan mandir, gnaan prakaash
Gnaan Dhaaraa stream of knowledge
Gnaan kaand philosophy about the individual soul’s nature.
Gnaan kriyaa an activity of gaining knowledge
Gnaan krut acted with intellect, acted with proper knowledge,
Gnaan mada pride or puff of knowledge.
Gnaan marganaa a type of knowledgeable investigation abut beings.
Gnaan naya view point of acquiring religious knowledge, there are different classification for naya e.g dravyarthic naya and paryayarthic naya and third classification is sabda naya, arth naya and gnan naya. In Sabda naya the object is known by its name e.g. sugar is the word so sugar is the object of sabda naya.
Arth naya means knowledge’s object is the substance in actuality. For example sugar is the sabda- word and its expressible substance is the subject of arth naya. gnan naya means the real total knowledge is praman gnan- organ of knowledge. And when that organ of knowledge is expressed in unidirectional way- ek desh grahi- then it is known as gnan naya. e.g. sugar is the substance and the knowledge acquired through the experiencing the knowledge is known as gnan naya.
Gnaan paryaaya instinctive true knowledge
Gnaan praman co extensive with knowledge.
Gnaan pravartan knowing a substance.
Gnaan Ratna deep – illuminating jewel of knowledge
Gnaan rup having the form of knowledge
Gnaan saamaanyaa eternal general essence of knowledge.
Gnaan samay system of knowledge, right time of gaining knowledge, To have appropriate knowledge about reality in the mode is gnaan samay, paryaay maa je
gnaan yathaarth thavu te gnaan samay (panchaastikaay gaathaa
Gnaan sanskaar paying reverence to scriptures.
Gnaan shalya dishonoring of right knowledge.
Gnaan swabhaav inherent nature of the knowledge.
Gnaan swabhaavi engrossed with knowledge.
Gnaan swaroop embodiment of knowledge, of the form of knowledge
Gnaan udyotan enlightenment of real knowledge
Gnaan upkaran sources of real knowledge.
Gnaan upyog cognitive consciousness.
Gnaan vinay reverence to knowledge. acquired knowledge, practicing knowledge, recollecting knowledge with great veneration and with object of attaining salvation constitute reverence to knowledge, internal penance, paying reverence to right knowledge
Gnaanaachaar right practice of right knowledge
Gnaanaadvait absolute idealism.
Gnaanaakaar power of soul, super consciousness, power of soul, shape of
knowledge mode.
Gnaanaatishaya ten excellencies of omniscience lord Arihant
Gnaanaatmak consisting of knowledge, composed of knowledge, cognition
Gnaanaatmak arth cognitive meaning
Gnaanaatmak bahuvidhataa cognitive multiplexity
Gnaanaatmak kalpanaa cognitive imagination
Gnaanaatmak kriyaapad cognitive verb
Gnaanaatmak prashna cognitive question
Gnaanaatmak vaakya cognitive sentence
Gnaanaatmak visamvaaditaa cognitive dissonance
Gnaanaatmak vrutti cognitive disposition.
Gnaanendriya sense organs (according to sankhya darshan)
Gnaanmaya consisting of knowledge, full of knowledge, embodiment of knowledge
Gnaanmaya bhaava indivisible inclination towards the true nature of the soul, abhed
valan towards the pure nature of soul
Gnaanmudh devoid of right conduct.
Gnaapak suggestive
Gnaapak kaaran revealing cause
Gnaapya gnaapak bhaav the real causation and logical suggestions
Gnaataa knower, ascertained, comprehended, perceived, understood
Gnaataa drastaa pure knower and observer state.
Gnaataa sarvashva all knowing
Gnaataa siddhant completely versed in any science.
Gnaatavya to be known or understood, perceptible, to be considered as
Gnaayak bhaav the all knowing principle, all knowing virtue, all knowing attribute
Gnaayak swaroop eternal nature of knowledge.
Gnaayakpanu all knowing characteristics, nature of all knowing
Gnapti knowing; intellect, exercise of intellectual faculty, intelligence, understanding
Gnapti kriyaa activity of knowing.
Gnapti parivartan change in aquatinted knowledge, to change the knowable objects in knowing process.
Gney krut ashudhdhataa impurity in the knowledge mode due to object getting recognized
Gney lubdhataa When one’s knowledge is greedy, covetous, enamored, infatuated with the object of knowledge is known as gney lubdhtaa.
Gneya gnaayak sambandh relation between the object (matter) and the knower
Gneya gnayak sankar dosh fault of hybridization of knower and knowable object
Gneya krut object that is getting recognized, result of knowing an object, fruits of
knowing an object.
Gneya pramaan co extensive with the object of knowledge.
Gneya praman co extensive with the object of knowledge. When one’s knowledge mode is having greediness- ardent desire- for object of knowledge then it is gney lubdhataa.
Gneyaakaar characteristic knowledge of matter, characteristic knowledge of object, shape of the object occurring in the soul’s mode, exact shape of the object illuminating in the knowledge mode.
Gneyaakaar parinaman involvement into the knowledge of soul.
Gobar cow-dung; cow-dung reduced to powder; dirt.
Gochar perceptible by the senses; pasture.
Gochari alms
Gokhavu rot memorization
Gopavavu hide, conceal
Goras cow milk’s products like yogurt, butter, ghee etc
Gorji: A term used for yati
Gosarg kaal a period of specific noon time, time between 48 min after sunset to 48 min prior to noon.
Gotra-karma: Karmas that determine environmental circumstances
Gotra: Exogamous groups, Family-determining.
Graahak all knower who knows- jannaro, gnaayak, who receives, takes or comprehends. m. customer; one who receives etc., acceptance, knower, holder
Graahi (at the end of a compd.) who takes, appreciates etc.; binding; accepts
Graas morsel
Graayha fit to be received, taken, or accepted; admissible, janaavaa yogya, fit to be known
Graham swarup gyaan swarup
Grahana: Cognition
Grahit graahi to accept the thing which was accepted before, Dhaaraavaahik gnaan. Same knowledge keeps on coming again and again.
Grahit vikalpa adopted reflections
Grahya: Cognitum
Granthi: Knot
Gruhit accepted, seized, caught, received, obtained, gained, mentioned, perceived, understood
Gruhit graahi dhaaraavaahi gnaan acquired form of same knowledge keeps on coming again and again.
Gruhit mithyatva acquired wrong belief from the instruction of others.
Gumma: A chapter of monks
Gun attributes of a substace, virtue.
Gun guni soul as substance and its attributes. guni is dravya, gun is attributes. Virtue and virtuous.
Gun pane Characteristics of attributes
Gun rup possessed of qualities or attributes; having form etc.; virtuous
Gun shreni nirjaraa Dissociation of karma from soul in geometrical progression
Gun vrata supporting vows
Guna (Kalpana): Quality
Guna sthana: Fourth spiritual stage.
Guna vratas: Special vows relating to the limitation and determination of his daily work, food and enjoyment.B1196
Guna-adhikshu: The path of liberation.
Guna-sabda: Word indicating quality
Guna: Attribute, Quality
Gunaatmak possessed of qualities or attributes; having form etc.; virtuous.
Gunasthana: The fourteen stages of purification
Gunatva anvaya ka vishesh, nature of the attributes
Gunavratas: Restraints that reinforce the practice of the anuvratas
Gunbhed different attributes.
Guni jan appreciative, clever, person; gentleman; virtuous person; bard, minstrel.
Guni-desa (Kaladigata): Territory of object
Gupti: Preservation, Restraint
Guru-mudhata: False beliefs pertaining to teachers
Guru-upasti: Listening to and venerating teachers
Guru: Heavy, Spiritual teacher
Gyaan pad faculty of knowledge.