By Pravin K. Shah
Jain Study Center of North Carolina
Appendix – Summary of Swetambar Jain Agams
The scriptures, which describe independent or miscellaneous subjects of the Jain religion, are known as Prakirna‑sutra.
- Chatuh Sharana: *
This agam contains prayers to the four benevolent beings:Arihant ‑ God in the form of perfect human being
Siddha ‑ God in the form of pure consciousness
Sadhu – Ascetics
Dharma ‑ Religion
- Aatur Pratyakhyana (Aayur‑Pachakhana): *
This agam explains differences in the death of children, youths, adults, and old people. It also describes the types of vows a wise person should take during various states of illness and how he should beg the pardon of all living beings in the universe.
- Bhakti Parijna (Bhatta‑parinna): *
This agam describes the process of fasting and how one should reflect at the time of death.
- Sanstaraka (Santhara): *
This agam describes the process of dying by one’s own desire and its glory.
- Tandulavaitalika: *
This agam describes the state of pregnancy and provides knowledge about the human body.
- Chandra‑Vedhyaka: *
This agam describes the method of concentrated meditation (Dhyana) that one should observe through the description of Radhavedha.
- Devendra‑Stava: *
This agam describes the names, positions, and residences of Devas (angels) that live in heaven. It also provides a description of the moon, sun, planets, and stars.
- Ganita Vidya: *
This agam describes palmistry and how it is used to predict the future (Nimitta).
- Mahapratyakhyana: *
This agam explains how to completely give up the worst sins and how to repent these sins.
- Veerastava: *
This agam is considered lost. However, it appears from literature referencing this agam that it contained prayers of Lord Mahavir.
Note: * These 13 Agams are not recognized by the Sthanakvasi and Terapanthi Jain sects.