P

P

WordMeaning
PadaWord
Padartha-pratibandhaIndirectly connected
with an object
Padastha-dhyanaConcentration upon
holy chants
Padma-lesyaLotus-pink karmic
stain
PadukaFootprint
Paindastha-dhyanaConcentration upon
certain objects made up of the elements of matter
PaksaThesis
Paksa-sadhya-samsargaAssociation of the
subject with the probandum
Paksa-suddhiPurification of the
thesis
PaksabhanaKnowledge of the
subject
PaksadharmataSubsistence in the
subject
PaksadharmatvaSubsistence in the
subject
PaksadosaFallacy in the
thesis
PaksavacanaStatement of the
subject
Paksiya sadhya-sadhana-sambandhaRelationship of the
probandum and the probane of the subject
Pamana-siddhaProved by definite
organ of knowledge
Panca-kalyanaThe five auspicious
events in the life of a Tirthankara; -mahotsava (the celebration of these
events)
Panca-mahavratasee also mahavrata
Panca-namaskara-mantrasee also namaskara-mantra
Panca-rupyaFive characteristics
PanchendriyaFive-sensed.
Pani-patraHand-bowl
PapaUnwholesome karmas
PapopadeshaPreaching of sin to
others.
Para (Samgraha naya)Ultimate
Para prashansapraising others
Para-dravyaThe being, location,
time, or state, respectively, of other objects
Para-pratipattiUnderstanding of
others
ParaghataDestructive;
Possessing a limb or organ fatal to others, as a lion’s claws, etc.
ParamanuAtom
ParamatmanThe highest [the
liberated] soul
ParamesthinThe supreme divinity
ParamitaPerfection
ParanindaSpeaking ill of
others.
PararthaFor others (eye
etc.)
Parartha (Anumana)For others (i.e.
syllogistic)
PararthyaMeant for others
ParasamayaThe tenants of
others
ParidevanaPiteous or pathetic
moaning to attract compassion.
ParigrahaPossession
 Worldly attachment.
Parigraha-tyagaPreparatory to the
monk’s life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some
very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become
fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Parigrahatyaga-pratimaThe ninth stage in
which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions
Parihara-vishuddhiIdeal and
passionless conduct.
PariksaExamination
ParinamaModification
Parinami-nityaEternal but
constantly changing
ParinamikaExistence of
knowledge
ParinaminChanging
Paripurna (Naigama)Non-distinguished in
general
Parisaha-jayaVictory over the
afflictions
ParishahaSufferings.
Parishaha-jayaSub-dual of
sufferings
Paritapiki-kriyaAnything which may
cause mental pain to oneself or others.
ParivrajakaA non-Jaina
mendicant
Parmarthika (Pratyaksa)Transcendental
ParoksaIndirect perception,
accomplished through the senses, inference, etc.
 Non-perceptual
ParoparodhakaranaResidence in a place
where one is not likely to be prohibited by others nor where one should be
likely to prohibit others.
Parsad gunaudbhavanaproclaiming the good
qualities of others.
Parthivi-dharanaVisualization of
certain scenes by means of the earth element
ParvanJaina holy days
Paryaptarational
five-sensed, fully developable soul.
ParyaptiDevelopable; capable
of developing the body.
ParyayaMode
 Mode; a synonym for
bhava
 Modification
 Modifications
ParyayaSynonym
ParyayarthikabhasaFalse point of view
of mode
ParyayastikanayaPoint of view of the
mode
Paryusana-parvaA ten-day holy
period for fasting during the rainy season
PasavaccijjaThose who follow the
discipline of Parsva
PatraBowl
PaudgalikaMaterial
PhaddagaA chapter of monks
PhalaFruit
 Resultant
PinchiA peacock-feather
whiskbroom
PitaYellow.
Pita-lesyaYellow karmic stain
Pitr-lokaWorld of the Manes
PosadhopavasaThe third siksavrata
and fourth pratima; fasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of each lunar
fortnight
Posaha-salaFasting hall
PrabhavanaIllumination
 Propagation of the
path of Liberation.
PrachalaDrowsiness.
Prachala-prachalaHeavy drowsiness.
PradesaSpace-point; amount
of karma
PradeshaQuantity
pradesha-bandhaThe particular
number of the molecules actually absorbed.
PradeshatvaCapacity of having
some kind of location in space.
 Spatiality
Pradoshiki-kriyaTendency to accuse
others in anger
PrajnaWisdom
Prakaranasama (Hetvabhasa)Inconclusive
PrakirnakaMiscellaneous; a
group of Jaina canonical texts; scatterd stars
Prakritikind
PrakrtiOriginal nature of
mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; types of karma
PralayaDemanifestation
PramadaCarelessness
 Negligence;
carelessness; apathy
Pramada-charitraThoughtless or
inconsiderate conduct, such as plucking flowers or breaking branches of
trees, without any purpose.
PramanaDimensions
 Organ of knowledge
Pramana-prasiddhatvaDefinitelly proved
Pramana-vikalpa-prasiddatvaOptionally proved
Pramana-vikalpa-siddhaProved as well as
optionally proved
PramanaikadesatvaCognising a part of
the organ of knowledge
Pramanatva(No definition
given)
PramanavakyaStatement of the
organ of knowledge
PramanyaValidity
PramatrThe knower
Pramatta-virataTotal restraint
without overcoming pramada; the sixth gunasthana
PramatvaOrgan of knowledge
PrameyaSubject
PrameyatvaCapacity of being
known by someone, or of being the subject-matter of
 knowledge.
 Knowability
PramodaDelight at the sight
of beings,better qualified or more advanced than ourselves on the path of
liberation.
Pranatipiki-kriyaDepriving another of
vitalities of age, sense-organs, power or respiration.
PranayamaYogic control of
respiration
PrapyakaritaWorking in close
contact
PrapyakaritvaContactory nature
Prarambha-kriyatrying to persevere
in one’s attachment to worldly belongings.
PrasamaEase
Prasanga-viparyayaPerverted cause
PrasiddhaProved
PrasnaQuestion
PrasnadesaAstrologer (who
answers questions)
PrasnikaWho asks question
Prati-narayanaA Jaina literary
type; the villian
PratibandhaHindrance
PratiharyaMiraculous
phenomenon
PratijnaThesis
PratikramanaRitualized
confession
PratimaStages of
renunciation for a layman
PratimasThe Eleven stages of
the Householder’s Life.
Pratipatin (Avadhi)Extinguishing
PratisedhaNegation
Pratisedha-sadhaka (Hetu)Which proves
something negative
Pratisedharupa (Hetu)Negative
PratisrikaEach one of them
PratitaObstructed
PrativadinOpponent
PratyabhijnaRecognition
PratyakhyanaRenunciation of
certain foods; one of the six avasayakas
PratyakhyanavarananiyaObstructors of
complete renunciation
PratyakhyanavaraniyaTotal-vow-preventing
passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
PratyaksaDirect perception
 Perceptual cognition
Pratyaksa viruddhaContradicted by
perceptual cognition
PratyaksagamyaPerceived directly
Pratyayiki-kriyaInventing new
sense-enjoyments.
PratyekaIndividual; solitary
Pratyeka shariraIndividual body; A
body enjoyable by one soul only.
Pratyeka Sharira-VarganaIndividual
body-molecule
Pravacana-matrkaThe eight exercises
that prepare a monk for advanced meditational states
Pravachana-bhaktiDevotion to
Scriptures.
PravachanavatsalatvaTender affection for
one’s brothers on the path of liberation.
PravrajyaRenunciation
PravrttinimittaUsage
PrayascittaRepentence of
transgressions
PrayashchittaExpiation–internal
austerity.
Prayoga-kriyabodily movement.
Prayogya-labdhiReduction of karmic
matter in soul attainment of purity due to such a reduction
Prayojaka-vrddhaA man, who
comprehends the word
Prayojya-vrddhaElder person, who is
asked to do a thing
ProshadhopavasaFortnightly must
fast.
 Taking a vow to fast
on 4 days of the month,viz. the two 8th and the two 14th days of every lunar
fortnight.
Prthvi-kayikaEarthbodies
Psadha-pratimaThe fourth
sravaka-pratima
PudgalaMatter
Pudgala DravyaMatter-Substance
pudgala-skandhaAggregate of matter
PudgalavadinFollower of Buddhist
school which upholds a theory of soul
PujaWorship
PumvedaMasculine.
 Sexual cravings for
a female
Punya-karmaWholesome karma
Punya-ksetraField of merit
PuranasName of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras
PurusaPerson
 Soul
Purusa-visesaSpecial soul, i.e.,
the God (Isvara) of the Yoga school
PurusavedaMale-sex-consciousness
PurvaA group of fourteen
Jaina canonical texts, now extinct
Purva ratanu smarana-tyagaRenouncing of
thinking over, remembrance of past enjoyment of women.
Purvacara (Hetu)Predecessor
PurvacaranupalabdhiNon-availability of
the predecessor
PuspaFlower