Church Affairs

(1) If the nominee of an acarya who has been nominated by the latter in his illness refuses to quit the post when requested by his followers, then he has to undergo — cheya or parihara.

(2) If the acarya and the Upadhyaya defer the final consecration of a qualified monk for four or five days, then they have to face—cheya or parihara.

                 —Vav. IV, 16.

(3) If a group of nuns lives without any head when the previous head-nun dies in tour, then cheya or parihara

                 —Vav. V, 11.

(4) When the subordinate nuns refuse to obey a qualified pravartin.

                  —Vav. V, 14.

(5) Making friendship with or worshipping or for one’s own aims making use of the king or his bodyguard or the caretaker of the city or of nigama or of the country or of the village or of the forest or boundaries—masiyam pariharattanam ugghaiyam.

                  —Nis. IV, 1-18, 40, 48.

(6) Exchange of food or requisites or residence or instructions with those who have separated themselves out of a quarrel—caumma-siyam pariharatthanam ugghaiyam.

                   —Nis. XVI, 16-24.

(7) Calling a self-controlled monk as lax and vice versa—c. p. u.

                    —Nis. XVI, 13-14.

(8) For one who gets his feet wiped or cleaned by a heretic or the owner of the lodge—c. p. u.

                     —Nis. XV, 13ff.

(9) Initiating or confirming a known or an unknown person (secretly?)—Caummasiyam pariharatthanam anugghaiyam.

                     —Vav. IV, 13.

(10) Calling an ‘ugghaiya’ fault as ‘anugghaiya’ and offering punishment likewise and vice versa—c. p. a.

                                      —Nis. X, 9-10.

(11) For him who appointed a person, who had not studied the chedasutras or had forgotten these, as the head of a gaccha—catvaro bharika masoh.

(12) For him who accepted the headship of a gaccha without studying the chedasutras or had forgotten these — calvaro masa gurukah.

(13) For him who appointed an abahusruta and agitartha to head a gaccha—catur guravah.

(14) For him who appointed an abahusruta but a gitartha to head a gaccha—caturguravah.

(15) For him who appointed a bahusruta but an agitartha to head a gaccha—caturguravah.

(16) For him who being abahusruta and agitartha accepted the headship of a gaccha—caturgurukah.

(17) As (16) abahusruta but gitartha—Caturgurukah.

(18) As (17) but bahusruta and agitartha


           —Brh. kalp. Bha. I, 703-04.

(19) For him who kidnapped a Buddhist novice without his own or his relative’s consent,—caturguru.

           —Brh. kalp. Bhas. V, 5095.

(20) If a monk manages to enter another Gana without atoning for an offense—pancaraindiya cheya.

           —Kalp. V, 5.