The Categories of Jain Ascetics

110. There are two types of ascetics in Jainism: Sravakas and Munis. With the sole intention of achieving the purified state of soul, Jainism prescribes some fundamental spiritual disciplines and practices. They can be observed partially and totally. Partial observation is prescribed for the householder (Sravaka), as he is unable to desist from all sins completely whereas an ascetic Muni is expected to observe the code of conduct totally as he practically does not stay at tome. He observes vows completely (Mahavrati) and is free from sting, the main root of pain and emotion arising from Karmas. Sting is of three kinds, viz. i) Deceit termed as Maya, ii) desire for enjoyment termed as Nidana, and iii) perverse attitude termed as Mithyadarsana. The practice of asceticism with vigilance dispels sufferings and strings just as an excellent specific herb removes disease. Jainism lays greater emphasis on asceticism and so naturally there is more discussion on their conduct is found in literature.