Various Definitions related to the concept
of the karma
What is fruition of karma (Uday)?
dormancy duration of karma bondage is over, then karma
give fruit. This is called fruition of karma.
What is premature fruition (Udirna)?
are bonded to the soul for certain duration.
Thereafter, the fruition occurs. But in udirna,
the fruition occurs prematurely.
What is suppression of
Due to the
instrumental causes (Nimitta
karan) of substance, space area, time, and one’s
bhav and bhaav) the
karma are now suppressed from giving fruition. This is called suppression
How many types of suppression
of karma are there?
karan type of suppression karma (Antah
Suppression of karma in the
present state (Sad avastha
antah karan type of suppression of
These are the
karma particles, which are supposed to give fruition to the soul. When
there is movement of these particles, the fruition of karma occurs earlier
or later than the prescribed time of fruition and antah
karan type of suppression of karma occurs.
What is the suppression of
karma in the present state?
At the present
time, certain karma are in a dormant state with
the soul. They will give fruition in the future. These types of karma in
the present dormancy state are called the suppression of karma in the
What is the annihilation of
disassociation of the karma from the soul is known as the annihilation of
What is the
annihilation/suppression of karma (Kshayopsham)?
Annihilation/suppression of karma may be defined through its three parts:
annihilation, fruition, and suppression of karma.
Annihilation – at present
time, certain karma come into fruition. These
karma have the capacity to totally destroy modes of affirmative attributes
of the soul. (Sarva ghati
karma) These karma are annihilated without
giving fruition (Udayabhavi
Fruition – at present time,
certain karma come into fruition. These karma
have the capacity to partially destroy modes of affirmative attributes of
the soul. (Desh ghati
Suppression – at present
time, certain karma are in a dormancy state with the soul. They will give
fruition in the future. They are called suppression of karma in the present
state (Sad avastha rup
Within one unit
of time, the amount of karma particles coming in to fruition is called
of ‘aggragate of molecules’ (vargana) is
What is ‘aggragate
of molecules’ (vargana)?
of varga is called vargana.
What is ‘collection of
similar things’ (varga)?
The karma atoms
exist which may have the lowest intensity of certain attributes. The
collection of such atoms is called varga. In
addition certain karma atoms have the same ‘indivisible units of degrees of
pratichchheda) and are called varga.
What is ‘indivisible units of
degrees of increase’ (avibhag
Since karma is
comprised of infinite material particle atoms, with intuitive wisdom (Pragna),
one establishes the atoms with an absolute minimal intensity of certain
qualities. The final resulting smallest intensity of particle is called
‘indivisible units of degrees of increase’ (avibhag
In this context, the word
intensity (Shakti) is used. What is the meaning
of this word?
intensity means the intensity of the fruition capacity of karma.
What’s the meaning of
annihilation without fruition (Udayabhavi
to the soul, karma remain in dormancy until they
give fruition to the soul. But sometimes the karma disassociate from the
soul without giving fruition. This is called annihilation without fruition.
What is the pulling upward of
The increase in
the intensity and duration of karma is called the pulling upward of karma.
What is the pushing downward
of karma (Apkarshan)?
The decrease in
the intensity and duration of karma is called the pushing downward of karma.
What is the modification of
karma in the same sub-group from one type to another is called modification
of karma, for example, modification of pain feeling karma to pleasure