REAL INDEPENDENCE (Nishchaya Avashvaka)
141. He, who does not depend upon others,
is said to perform independent action. (This action itself) is capable of
destroying karmas, and, so, it has been described as the path of liberation.
142. He, who does not depend (upon others)
called avasha (Independent). The action of an Avasha should be known to be
Avashyaka (Independent action). This is the reason, the way and the Ideal,
i.e.,) liberation from material bodies. It is the derivation (Nirukti) (of the
143. A saint, who engages himself in evil
thought-activities, and depends upon other (objects,) does not therefore
possess the distinctive feature of Independent Action.
144. A saint who engages himself in good
thought-activities, also depends upon other (objects) and therefore, his
action (too) does not possess the feature of independence.
145. Even he, who meditates upon the
attributes and the modifications of substances, is not independent, such has
been said by the saints, who are free from the darkness of delusion.
146.He, who having given up foreign
thought activities realises his soul as full of pure attributes, depends upon
himself alone. His action only is said to be Independent Action.
147. If you want independence, fix your
steadfast thought-activities in (the realisation of your own soul's nature; it
is only through this, that the quality (Samayika) can be fully developed in a
148. A saint, who is devoid of
independence, falls off the Right conduct. Therefore, one should pursue
independence in proper order as said before.
149. A saint occupied with independent actions, is (called),
"internal Soul" (Antaratma), while he, who is devoid of independent action is
(known as) "External Soul" (Bahiratma).
150. He, who devotes himself only to the
uttering or muttering of words is called the Bahiratma (External Soul): but
he, who does not restrict himself only to the uttering of words, is said to be
the Antaratma (Internal Soul).
151. He, who is absorbed in righteous and pure concentrations, is
the Antaratma; while a saint, who is devoid of such concentration, would be
known as the Bahiratma.
152. The saint, alone, who following the
real Right Conduct (occupies himself) in his (essential) duties, such as
(real) repentance, etc., remains steadfast in the observance of the
passionless conduct, (Vitaraga Charitra).
153. Doing repentance by mere words,
practising renunciation and observing vows, only by recitation and making
confession by speech alone, should all be known as included in the study of
154. If you have the capacity of practising repentance, etc., in
the form of self-concentration, then do practise as such; and if you are not
capable of doing it, then you should have at least, firm belief in that.
155. Having well examined Pratikramana etc. From the scriptures
expounded by Jina and having observed silence, a Yogi should alays see that
his own purpose is served.
156. There are various kinds of (mundane) souls, karmic bondages
are of multifarious varieties, and Labdhis (Acquisitions of knowledge, etc.)
are of different kinds. Therefore, one whould avoid entering (mere) verbal
controversies with one's own co-religionists or those professing other faith.
157. Just as a person getting hold of some
treasure, enjoys its fruits in his own native place; similarly a right knower
giving up the groups of all foreign objects, enjoys the treature of
158. All ancient great men, by having thus
practised (Avashyaka-Independent Action) and passing through the spiritual
stages of "Perfect vow" (Apramatta Virata), etc., have become Omniscients).