One of the biggest problems of
today's world is tension. Today there are a lot of medicines within easy reach
for relieving this tension, however the effect of these medicines is very
limited. Along with tension the quantity of medicines keeps increasing so also
do the medicines for a night sound sleep - this cycle keeps on going
However if we can unearth the
roots of this tension and realize why and where this tension emanates and
prepare ourselves to that extent where tension never builds up and if it does
it easily soothes down.
Why does Tension build?
There are three different types
Physical stress can be caused
by excessive work -load or physical labour and easily relieved by relaxation
but what is more difficult is mental stress and more so emotional stress. To
relieve the latter two stresses, it becomes important to train the brain. The
key word here is 'Samta' which means equanimity in the philosophy of Jain . 'Samta
' means to maintain one's composure in both favourable and unfavourable
situations. A person who cannot bear any sort of physical, discomfort and
becomes easily uncomfortable by slight heat or cold becomes more susceptible,
to diseases. There are some favourable situations in life because of which
stress or mental tension arises. They are - success, happiness, fame, gain,
Likewise there are 5
unfavourable conditions in life that lead to tension or depression - loss,
ridicule, death, unhappiness, failure. Whenever we lose our balance we will
become prey to stress. What is important is to be equanimous. One who knows
how to create a balance between the favourable and unfavourable situations
only he can maintain balance of mind and his composure. He has to find for
himself what is good -loss or gain? Sometimes loss can become catalyst to a
greater good as it can motivate a person to improve and work harder.
It is said that the earth and
wealth cannot belong to anyone, they can never be faithful or true to any one
person, people have lived and died, they belong to nobody. Mind should become
aware of the educated fact that whatever is fated to die. If we become
educated to this fact then our mind will never mourn for the loss of a dear
The misconception that we can
buy happiness with money should break, one can only buy comfort with money not
happiness. If happiness could be bought with money then all the citizens of
affluent nations will be intrinsically happy.
Manís greatest fear is death.
Half the diseased people die not due to their diseases but the fear of death.
He who can train his mind and learn to relieve off his fear will become free
The moment one gets ridiculed
he/she becomes offensive, defensive then feels insecure and develops a
complex, while on the other hand, a little bit of appreciation fills the same
person with pride. Praise and ridicule are two complicated state of mind.
Success gives one a completely
different status, and this status itself becomes a headache to that person.
If a man can train his mind in
such a way that it does not get away to favourable or unfavourable situations
then his way of thinking will get completely changed. He has to train his mind
not to become egotistical when things go well or get an inferiority complex
are not amiable.
The simple and sure way of
training the mind is called ' KAYOTSARG ' or 'SHAVASANA Ď in the language of
Yoga. Shavasana is the name given to the relaxation posture. The method to do
this is by lying on the back and giving autosuggestion to the body from the
toe of the foot to the tips of the hair to relax. When all the body parts cum
joints of the whole body get relaxed then the nervous system also get relaxed.
Due to slow and rhythmic breathing the tension of the mind gets relaxed.
Kayotsarg can be perfected not through physical strength or destructive
thoughts but only calm auto suggestions.
Due to the tension in the mind
the body joints and bones become stiff, the flow of blood gets obstructed and
a chemical called Lactic acid gets collected in the body. This leads to
exhaustion, body ache and stiffness of the body.
In olden days faith healing was
practiced. In Egypt 3000 years back this type of treatment was practiced. With
the growth of commercialization this golden knowledge got lost once it reached
in the hands of the corrupt
An Australian doctor Dr. Mesmer
first gave importance to self- suggestion; it is from him that the word
mesmerisation has been coined. In Greek language the word hypnosis was used
Kayotsarg means to relax the
body to such an extent as to lose all awareness of the body itself . Many
developments take place by the practice of this method of relaxation for e. g.
blood sugar gets decreased, white blood corpuscles increase, EEG and BP gets
stabilized. Along with the treatment of diseases, increasing body energy and
changing behaviour is also useful.
Through mental peace, vital
energy gets increased. Pure thoughts help the mind to gain stability, stay in
the present instead of day dreaming about the past or the future and the
endless circle of thoughts gets controlled. Man starts getting the answers to
his troubles himself through Kayotsarg and thus all the reasons for stress get
From the works of Acharya
Compiled by Mrs. Vidya Jain