Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Others(Preksha Dhayan )
Book Introduction  
Introduction  
Ch:1 - What Is Preksha ?  
Ch:2 - Aim of Preksha Dhyana  
Ch:3 - Preconditions of Preksha Dhyana  
Ch:4 - Spiritual Vigilance  
Ch:5 - Relaxation with Self Awareness  
Ch:6 - Internal Trip  
Ch:7 - Perception of Breathing  
Ch:8 - Perception of Body  
Ch:9 - Perception of Phychic Centres  
Ch:10 - Perseption of Phychic Colours  
Ch:11 - Perception of Present Moment  
Ch:12 - Perception of Thoughts-Equnimity  
Ch:13 - Self-Discipline: Development of Will-Power  
Ch:14 - Reflection, Contemplation & Concentration  

Chapter 3

Preksha Dhyana

Preconditions of Preksha Dhyana

Initiation

At the commencement of the meditation session, all sadhakas shall assume a posture of cross-legged position, totally relax the body and mind to remove the tension, and with folded hands, recite the following aphorisms

1. abbhutthiomi arahanae

 I dedicate myself to the practice of Preksha-Dhyana.

2. maggam uvasampajjami

 I initiate myself into the path of Spiritual Practice.

3. samattam uvasampajjami

 I initiate my self into the practice of Internal Perception.

4. samjamam uvasampajjami

 I initiate myself into the practice of Spriritual Experience.

Thus the sadhakas initiate themselves into the practice of preksa-dhyana.

Five Disciplines of Initiation

1. Bhavakriya (Synchrony of Mental and Physical Actions)

  This is three-fold :

1. Present-mindedness.

2. Complete awareness of oneís actions.

3. Un-interrupted (spiritual) vigilance.

Present-minded action is contrary to mechanical (absent minded) action. When one is engaged in doing some thing, it is not proper to be carried away by one's imagination which is not connected with the work in hand.

Habitually, one wastes his time and energy in useless recollection of the past or irrelevant imaginations of the future. But neither the past nor the future is real. Only the present exists and is real. One who lets the present slip away, is never able to re-capture it, and hence, Bhavakriya is the only means of capturing the reality of the present. It means present-minded action.

Bhavakriya also means complete awareness of one's action. Habitually, again, one thinks with 'half a mind', that is fracturing the mind, and engaging only a piece of it in the work in hand, while the rest of it is allowed to wander about. When the mind is totally engaged by the work in hand, the result is Bhavakriya. Synchrony of mind and body saves much waste of efforts and energy, increases efficiency and results in greater success.

Another meaning of Bhavakriya, is constant vigilance. One must be continuously aware of his ultimate aim, which is twofold : (a) Purification of mind and (b) Awakening the supine Will and other inherent powers.

2. Act - Do not "Re-act"

Habitually we react to external stimuli, that is, we are generally overwhelmed bv retaliatory emotional forces within us demanding appropriate action. But, surely this cannot be called "action", it is, in fact, "re-action". Discipline of the reasoning mind controls the re-active forces and results in appropriate "action", rather than "re-action", One should endeavour to establish control and avoid retaliatary behaviour.

3. Amity

Behaviour of a sadhaka should radiate friendliness, compassion and sympathy. This is possible only when one is able to countermand one's reactive tendencies by reasoning and avoid retaliatory thoughts and actions. Subjugation of retaliatory impulse results in friendly and compassionate behaviour. The sadhaka should be ever vigilant in this respect and cultivate amity.

4. Dieting

Dietics is an important facet of meditational practice. Intake of food deeply influences not only our physical health, but also mental tendencies and emotional states. Habitually we eat too much. This overloads our digestive system and results in indigestion etc. This in turn, further weakens not only the digestive organs but vitiates the entire organism, including mental tendencies and emotional states.

Sadhaka should be vigilant towards his diet, avoid over-eating. He should particularly abstain from such foods and drinks as are unsalutary to one's health, physical as well as mental.

5. Silence

The last discipline of the initiation is controlled speech or complete silence. We speak in order to communicate with one another. However, habitually we speak too much and too long. Sadhaka should be careful to effect full control over his speaking mechanism. It should be used only when necessary. His speech should be modulated and measured.

Recitation of Arham

A precondition of meditational practice is a build-up of a defensive armour to protect the practitioner from the onslaught of evil influences of external environment. The process of the build-up is repeated loud recitation of the syllable "arham". Synchronised with the recitation, there should be a mental projection of the step by step build-up of the protective shell. The shell is being woven from the crisscross of the electromagnetic radiations, emanations from the sound waves thus produced. The radiations ultimately merge together and build an impregnable armour-like, enveloping the practitioner, keeping him safe for the duration of the practice.