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Jain World
Sub-Categories of Jain Dictionary
Jain Dictionary

WORD

MEANING

 

 

Anutseka:

Not being proud of one's own achievement or attainments.

 

 

Anuvichi-bhashana:

Speaking in accordance with scriptural injunctions.

 

 

Anuvratas:

Minor vows pertaining only to laypeople

 

 

Anuyoga:

Exposition; a group of postcanonical texts

 

 

Anvaya:

Concomitance in agreement

 

 

Anvayadharma:

Quality

 

 

Anyatarasiddha:

Unproved for either of the two

 

 

Anyathanupapatti:

Logical impossibility in the absence of the other

 

 

Anyatva anupreksha:

Sepatateness. Otherness. The world, my relations and friends, my body, and mind, they are all distinct and separate from my real self.

 

 

Apadhyana:

Thinking ill of others.

 

 

Apara (Samgrahanaya):

Non-ultimate (generic)

 

 

Aparamarthika:

Empirical

 

 

Aparigraha:

Nonpossession

 

 

Aparinamin:

Unchanging

 

 

Aparyapti:

Undevelopable; Incapable of developing the body fully.

 

 

Aparyavasita (Srutajnana):

Having no end

 

 

Apavartana:

Energy that hastens the time and decreases the intensity of karmic fruition

 

 

Apaya:

Perceptual judgment

 

 

Apayavicaya:

Contemplation on the means by which beings can be saved

 

 

Apo-kayika:

Water-bodies

 

 

Apradhanacarya:

Nominal acarya

 

 

Apramanatva:

Invalidity

 

 

Apramatta-virata:

Restraint not vitiated by carelessness, the seventh gunasthana

 

 

Apramatva:

Non-organ of knowledge

 

 

Aprapyakaritva:

The quality of acting from distance

 

 

Apratipatina:

Non-extinguishing

 

 

Apratita:

Neither known

 

 

Apratya Vekshita:

Putting down a thing without seeing.

 

 

Apratyakhyana-kriya:

not renouncing what ought to be renounced.

 

 

Apratyakhyanavarana:

Obstructors of partial renunciation

 

 

Apratyakhyanavaraniya:

Partial vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.

 

 

Aprayojaka:

Immaterial

 

 

Apta:

Authentic

 

 

Apta-vacana:

Statement of an authentic personality

 

 

Apurva-karana:

The process by which the soul attains to an unprecedented degree of purity

 

 

Arahamta:

Prakrit for arhat

 

 

Arambha:

Commencement of a thing - compare attempt in Criminal Law.

 

 

Arambha-tyaga:

Abandonment of merely worldly engagements and occupations.

 

 

Arambhatyaga-pratima:

The eighth stage in which a layman withdraws from all professional commitments

 

 

Arambhaya-himsa:

Violence occurring either accidentally or through the performance of an acceptable occupation

 

 

Arapa:

Hot light; radiant heat; possessed of a brilliant body, which is hot to others but not to the possessor, as the gross radiant earth bodied beings in the sun.

 

 

Arati:

Displeasure in regard to sense activities dissatisfaction.

 

The lamp-waving ceremony

 

 

Arcana:

Worship

 

 

Ardha naracha samhanana:

Semi-unbreakable joints and bones.

 

 

Ardha-phalaka:

Loincloth worn by Svetambara monks

 

 

Ardha-pudgala-paravartana-kala:

The amount of time required for a soul to take in and use up half of the available karmic matter in the universe

 

 

Arghya:

Respectful offering

 

 

Arham:

Identical to arhat

 

 

Arhat:

Worthy to worship; an epithet of one who has attained kevalajnana; a synonym for kevalin

 

 

Arhat Kevali:

Omniscient Lord

 

 

Arhat-Bhakti:

Devotion to Arhats or Omniscient Lords.

 

 

Arihamta:

A variant for arahamta

 

 

Arpitanaya:

Implied point of view

 

 

Arpitanayabhasa:

False implied point of view

 

 

Artha:

Meaning of a word

 

 

Artha (Kaladigata):

Object

 

 

Artha-kriya:

Exercise of casual efficiency

 

 

Artha-kriyasamartha:

Capable of performing any action

 

 

Artha-naya:

Point of view of meaning

 

 

Artha-nayabhasa:

False point of view of meaning

 

 

Artha-paryaya:

Mode of the object

 

 

Artha-prapakatva:

Conveyance of the sense

 

 

Artha-pratipadaka:

Support of truth

 

 

Artha-samvedana:

Manifested in the statement

 

 

Arthavagraha (Matijnana):

Object-awareness

 

 

Arupi-ajiva:

The four insentient, formless dravyas

 

 

Aryika:

Nuns of the Digambara sect

 

 

Asad guna udbhavana:

proclaiming in oneself the good qualities which one does not possess.

 

 

Asamgrahika (Naigamanaya):

Non-generic

 

 

Asamjni:

Unable to reason about spiritual matters

 

 

Asamkhyata:

Innumerable

 

 

Asamprapta sripatika samhanana:

Loosely jointed bones.

 

 

Asamyama:

Nonrestraint

 

 

Asankyatanu-Vargana:

Innumerable-atoms-molecule

 

 

Asarira:

Free from embodiment; a siddha

 

 

Asat-khyati:

Knowledge of a non-existent thing

 

 

Asata-vedaniya:

Pain-feeling; that which brings pain. The inflow of pain-bringing-feeling

 

 

Asata, Asatavedaniya:

Experience of pain

 

 

Asatana:

Disrespect

 

 

Asatavedaniya:

Unpleasant-feeling

 

 

Asatpratipaksatva:

Non-conclusive

 

 

Asatva:

Non-existence

 

 

Asatya:

Lying

 

 

Asatya mana:

False mind

 

 

Asatya-Vachana:

FALSE

 

 

Ascarya:

Extraordinary event

 

 

Asharana anupreksha:

Unprotectiveness; helplessness. The soul is unprotected from the fruition of karmas. Death, pain, pleasure, success, failure are the necessary results of our acts in this or past lives.

 

 

Ashrava:

Inflow

 

The attraction of good or bad matter by the soul in virtue of its mental, vocal, or bodily activity.

 

 

Ashrava anupreksa:

Inflow. The inflow of karma is the cause of my mudane existence and it is the product of passions, etc.

 

 

Ashubha:

Ugly (body).

 

 

Ashubha-nama:

A Bad-body-making karma

 

 

Ashuchi anupreksha:

Impurity. The body is impure and dirty.

 

 

Asi:

Sword; government

 

 

Asiddha (Hetvabhasa):

Non-existence

 

 

Asiddhata:

Unproved state

 

 

Asiddhatva:

Non-existent

 

 

Asiddhi:

Whose existence cannot be proved

 

 

Aspasta:

Indistinct

 

 

Asrava:

Karmic influx

 

activities inviting the karmic matter into the soul.

 

 

Asraya:

Substratum

 

 

Astanga:

Eight limbs (of samyak-darsana)

 

 

Asteya:

Not stealing

 

 

Asthira:

(unsteady circulation of blood, etc.).

 

 

Asti-kaya:

Having extension

 

 

Astikya:

Affirmation

 

 

Astitva:

Existence

 

 

Asubha-karma:

Unwholesome karma

 

 

Asva:

Horse

 

 

Aticara:

Infractions committed by accident

 

 

Atidesavakya:

Analogical sentence

 

 

Atisaya-ksetra:

Places where miraculous events associated with great monks have occurred

 

 

 

 

Atithi-samvibhaga:

Sharing with (ascetic) guests

 

Taking a vow to take one's food only after feeding the ascetivs with a part of it.

 

 

Ativyapti:

Undesirable extension

 

 

Atma ninda:

denouncing one's self

 

 

Atma prashansa:

Praising oneself

 

 

Atman:

Soul; self

 

 

Atmanubhava:

Abiding in one's own nature

 

 

Atmarthatva:

Meant for the self

 

 

Atmarupa (Kaladigata):

Form

 

 

Atmasad-guna uchchhadana:

not proclaiming one's own good qualities.

 

 

Attara guna:

A kind of production of the dependance relating to the non-soul, i.e., production of books, pictures, statues, etc.

 

 

 

 

Audarika:

Physical

 

The physical body of all men and animals.

 

 

Audarika mishra:

Physical with karmic.

 

 

Audarikasarira:

Gross-body of Lord

 

 

Aupapadika:

Born spontaneously

 

 

Aupasamika:

Subsidence

 

 

Aushbha:

Awkward.

 

 

Avadhi (Jnana):

Clairvoyance

 

 

Avadhi-darshanavarana:

Visual-conation-obscuring.

 

 

Avadhi-jnanavarana:

Visual-knowledge-obscuring

 

 

Avadhidarsana:

The indistinct type of awareness preceding avadhijnana

 

 

Avadhijnana:

Supermundane knowledge such as clairvoyance

 

 

Avagaha:

Penetrability

 

 

Avagraha (Matijnana):

Determinate perception

 

 

Avaharana:

Distinguishing

 

 

Avaktavya:

Indescribable

 

Inexpressible

 

 

Avamaudarya:

Eating only a very small portion of food

 

 

Avamodarya:

Eating less than one's fill, or less than one has appetite for--external austerity.

 

 

 

 

Avantara samanya:

General substance

 

 

Avapodvapa:

Elimination and addition

 

 

Avarana:

The veil

 

 

Avarana ksaya:

Destruction of veil

 

 

Avaraniya:

Obscuring

 

 

Avarnavada:

Causes the right-belief-deluding karmic matter(Darshana).

 

 

Avasarpini:

Descending round

 

Regressive half-cycle

 

 

Avashyaka-parihari:

Not neglecting one's six important daily duties

 

 

Avastu-nirbhasa:

Dealing with no object

 

 

Avasyaka:

Essential duty

 

 

Avaya (Matijnana):

Perceptual judgment

 

 

Avayava:

Part

 

 

Avicyuti:

Absence of lapse

 

 

Avidya:

Ignorance

 

 

Avinayeshu:

Those who are uncivil or ill-behaved. ??????

 

 

Avipaka-nirjara:

Inducing a karma to leave the soul by means of a contrary karma, or by means of ascetic practices.

 

 

Avirata:

Vowlessness, non-renunciation. Vowlessness.

 

 

Avirati:

Nonrestraint

 

 

Aviruddhanupalabdhi (Hetu):

Non-availability of non-contradictory

 

 

Aviruddhopalabdhi (Hetu):

Availability of non-contradictory

 

 

Avisamvadakatva:

Non-discrepancy

 

 

Avisvagbhava:

All-pervasiveness

 

 

Aviveka:

Lack of discrimination

 

 

Avrta:

Obscured

 

 

Avyakta:

Indeterminate

 

 

Avyaktaksara:

Indistinct sound

 

 

Ayaga-pata:

Votive slabs

 

 

Ayariya:

Prakrit for acarya

 

 

Ayashah kirti:

Notoriety; bringing bad name, even if one does good actions.

 

 

Ayoga-kevalin:

The fourteenth gunasthana, attained by the kevalin when, in the instant before death, all his activities cease

 

 

Ayu:

Age-karma

 

age.

 

 

Ayu-karma:

Karma that determines the span of a given lifetime