|GUIDLINES OF JAINISM||
A GLOSSARY OF DIFFICULT WORDS
1. Ayambil Tap: An austerity during which one takes food devoid of any special taste or spices.
2. Asan: A woollen mat to sit on.
3. Agamas: Scriptures in Prakrit or Ardhmagadhi language
4. Avaddh: Taking food and water eight hours after sunrise.
5. Attham: Fasting for three days continuously.
6 Atthai: Fasting for eight days continuously.
7. Anjanshalaka: Applying holy collyrium to the eyes of a new idol of the Lord.
8. Astikay: A collection of Pradeshas or aspects.
9. Ashrav: Evil actions.
10. Avirat: Sinful.
11. Apramatta: Being aware and alert.
12. Apoorvakatan: The stage in which the jivatma is completely freed from the gross passions.
13. Anivritti-badar: Merely passionless state.
14. Ayogi-Kevali: Total freedom from Karmas.
15. Atichar: Violation of rules or vows.
16. Astikya: Total faith in the nine doctrines.
17. Anukampa: Benevolence,
18. Avadhijnan: Knowledge of concrete things obtained by the soul.
19. Aartadhyan: Deep in sorrow.
20. Adan-nikshepan Samiti: Carefulness in taking and keeping things.
21. Anitya: Transitory.
22. Asharan: Refuge.
23. Anupreksha: Another name for Bhavanas or reflections.
24. Anyatva: Thinking that the soul is separate from the body.
25. Ashuchi: Unclean.
26. Biyasan: Taking food only twice a day.
27. Badar: Gross.
28. Bhasha Samiti: Limit in speech.
29. Bhavanas: Reflections.
30. Bodhidurlabh Bhavana: Thinking of faith in Dharma.
31. Chaturmas: The four months of the rainy season.
32. Charvala: A small mop made of woolen threads stuck to a stick.
33. Chauvihar: Taking neither food nor water during fasting after sunset.
34. Chaitya: Jain temple.
35. Charan-karananuyog: Works about conduct and observance.
36. Deeksha: Initiation into the ascetic order.
37. Das-trik: Ten rules with three parts of each for worship or Puja.
38. Desh: Some parts that are attached to Skandh.
39. Dwesh: Hatred.
40. Desh-virati: Phased renunciation.
41. Dhyan: Meditation.
42. Dharmadhyan: Thinking of the ways to make the soul Pure.
43. Dharmaswakhyat Bhavana : Thinking of the effect of Dharma.
44. Dravyanuyog: Works relating to philosophy and theory.
45. Dharmakathanuyog Works relating to literature.
46. Digambar A sect of Jains who think that nakedness is necessary for salvation.
47. Ekasan: Taking food only once in a day.
48. Evambhut Naya: Knowledge of truth as it is ( partial vision ).
49. Eshana-samiti: Limit of articles (food and clothes)
50 Ekatva Bhavana: Thinking of being alone.
51. Gunasthanak: A qualitative phase in the process of attaining salvation.
52. Jneya: That which is worthy of being known.
53. Jnan: Knowledge.
54. Gupti: Restraint or concealment.
55. Ganitanuyog: Works comprising mathematics etc.
56. Irya Samiti: Limit in movement.
57. Katasana: A small carpet for sitting on during Samayik.
58. Kayotsarg: Fixed posture for meditation.
59. Khamasaman: Kneeling with five limbs touching the ground.
60. Kayaklesha: Voluntarily bearing the physical exercise or pain.
61. Kashay: The passions like anger. pride, deception and avarice.
62. Kaivalyajnan: Absolute and the highest pure knowledge
63. Kaya-gupti: Restraint on the body.
64. Karuna: Compassion.
65. Leshya: States of mind.
66. Lobh: Avarice.
67. Lok-swarup: Thinking of the structure of the universe.
68. Muhapati: A square piece of cloth to hold near the mouth at the time of speaking.
69. Moh: Infatuation.
70. Mithyadrishti: False vision or delusion.
71. Mishra: Mixed.
72. Mati-jnan: Knowledge obtained by the intellect and the senses.
73. Mana-paryavajnan: Clear knowledge of thoughts and mind obtained by the soul.
74. Mano-gupti: Restraint of the mind.
75. Maitri: Friendship, amity.
76. Madhyasthya: Being unconcerned about the wicked people (neither hatred nor love).
77. Nirlanchan Karma: Causing violence to animals and birds for profit.
78. Nivi: One kind of austerity like Ekasan.
79. Nava-pad: The nine elements or positions for meditation.
80. Nivritti: Renunciation.
81. Naya: Knowledge obtained from a single point of view.
82. Naigam Naya: Understanding only by means of a name.
83. Nirved: An appearance of detachment for all worldly things.
84. No-kashay: The nine kinds of passions.
85. Nirjara: Being free from Karmas.
86. Ogha: A mop of woollen threads.
87. Oli: One kind of austerity.
88. Ogh Samjna: Imitating blindly.
89. Paushadh-Shala: A religious centre.
90. Pranatipat: Causing violence.
91. Pratikraman: Retreat from sins.
92. Porasi: Consuming food or water only three hours after the sunrise.
93. Purimuddh: Taking food and water only six hours after the sunrise,
94, Panahar: This is the vow for the night in some austerities.
95. Panjarapol: A shelter for animals and birds which are disabled or needy.
96. Pradesh: The inseparable parts of Skandh.
97. Pudgal: Matter.
98. Purusharth: Efforts
99. Pramatta: The state of not being mindful.
100. Pramad: Intoxication or laziness.
101. Praman: Knowledge obtained from multiple- vision.
102. Pratyaksh: Perceptible truth.
103. Parishtapanika-Samiti: Limit in throwing away articles.
104. Pramod Bhavana: Thinking of respecting superiors.
105. Ras-tyag : Renouncing six types of tastes (Rasas) that provoke passions.
106. Rag: Attachment.
107. Rujusutra Naya: Understanding on the basis of the Present condition.
108. Raudradhyan: Thinking of violence.
109. Rajlok: Structure of the universe.
110. Sthapanacharyaji: After giving a special form to the conch-shell, the Panchparmeshthi are enshrined in it and worshipped.
111. Samayik: A religious austerity, sitting in a place for 48 minutes and carrying out spiritual activities.
112. Samlinata: Becoming still in meditation.
113. Sadhporasi: Taking food or water four hours and 30 minutes after sunrise.
114. Samyaktva Dharma: A strong faith in the nine doctrines.
115. Skandh: The full form of a thing.
116. Samvar: The factors that prevent the Karmas from entering the soul.
117. Samjna: Gonads or natural feelings.
118. Samavay: It is the connection between the action and the cause.
119. Sadhana: Spiritual endeavour.
120. Siddhi: Attainment of perfection through the destruction of Karmas.
121. Saswadan Samyagdrishti: Having tasted righteousness.
122. Shraman: Mendicant or ascetic.
123. SukshmaSamparay: Withalittleavariceremaining.
124. Sayogi Kevali: A stage of having perfect knowledge.
125. Sangrah Naya: A general way of understanding.
126. Shabd Naya: Knowledge obtained only from sound.
127. Samabhirudh Naya: Understanding on the basis of the origin and derivation of words.
128 Samakiti: Comprehensive vision.
129 Syadvad: It is relative truth.
130. Samyaktva: Righteousness.
131. Sham: A state of peace.
132 Samveg Innate enthusiasm for salvation.
133 Shruta-jnan Knowledge obtained from the scriptures by enquiry.
134 Shukladhyan: Meditation on the soul in its pure form.
135 Samiti: Limits.
136 Samsar The cycle of birth and death.
137. Swetambar: A sect of Jains who always wear white cloths.
138 Sthanakvasi A sect of Jains started by Laukashah. They reject idol-worship, temples and idols.
139 Tivihar Upavas Taking only boiled water in sitting position only before sunset during a fast.
140. Tatva: Doctrine.
141. Terapanthi A sect of Jains founded by Shri Bhikhanji Swami. Rejects worship of Idol, giving
charity and showing mercy to others.
142. Upashraya: A religious centre.
143 Unodari Eating and drinking less than the quantity required.
144. Upshant Moh Periodically passionless.
145. Upama: Comparison.
146. Upadeya That which is acceptable.
147.Upadhan The exalted 3 types of spiritual endeavors and austerity that a shravak has to do.
148. Vasakshep Scented and sanctified sandal powder for blessing.
149. Vrat: A religious vow.
150. Vigai-tyag: Limiting the consumption of certain kinds of food.
151. Vanah: Restrictions relating to shoes, sandals, etc,
152. Vaiyavach: Serving religious and spiritual fellow members with devotion,
153. Varsi-tap: The austerity of fasting in a prescribed manner throughout a year in the form of fasting for one day and Biyasan for one day etc.
154. Vadas: Metaphorical arguments.
155. Vitrag: One who is totally devoid of attachment and hatred.
156. Vyavahar Naya: External ( Partial ) Understanding
157. Vachan Gupti: Restraint in speech.
158. Yogodvahan: Carrying out yogic activities with Ayambil for scriptural studies.