Thus there will be operation of 9, 8 or 7 at a time in the 2nd stage with different variations. As one example of the several variations in Group IV a soul may have operation of four kinds of anger, with female sex, and laughter and indulgence.

 

(III) The Mixed stage. There is no operation of error-feeding passions here, and therefore only three kinds of the four kinds of passions win beeounted. Mixed-right-and-wrong belief will how ever be added in place of wrong belief.

 

Thus we shall have four groups like this.

 

 

Table No. 7 relating to Mixed Stage.

The Mixed stage four groups.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

Three sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 Passions of 3 kinds each

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

Mixed Right & Wrong Belief

1

1

1

1

Number of classes which operate, at one instant.

9

8

8

7

Out of

22

21

21

20

 

Thus there will be operation of 9, 8, or 7 sub-classes of Deluding Karma at a time in a soul in the Mixed stage. Taking an example in Group IV a soul may have operation of 8 sub. classes, Mixed belief. with 3 kinds of greed, common sex, sorrow and ennui and fear.

(IV) Vowless stage with Destructive-Subsidential, or Clouded Right Belief. Replacing mixed by clouded-Right Belief we have four groups here again, similar to those just preceding

 

Table No.8, relating to Vowless stage with Clouded Right Belief.

 

The Vowless stage four groups.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

Three sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 Passions of 3 kinds each

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

Clouded Right Belief

1

1

1

1

Number of classes which operate, at one instant.

9

8

8

7

Out of

22

21

21

20

 

(V) - Partial Vow Stage. In this stage with Clouded Right Belief. we have no operation, of partial vow-preventing passions.

 

 

Two out of the four kinds of passion only operate. the other operating sub-classes being as before. The sub-joined groups are similar to the preceding, except that here we have operation of 8,7. or 6 sub-classes at a time.

 

Table No. 9 relating to Partial Vow Stage with Clouded Right Belief.

Partial Vow stage four groups.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

Three sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 Passions of 2 kinds each

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

Clouded Right Belief

1

1

1

1

Number of classes which operate, at one instant.

8

7

7

6

Out of

8

17

17

16

 

(VI) Imperfect Vow Stage. In this stage with Clouded-Right Belief there is no operation of total-vow-prevention passions. The four groups will stand as below.

 

Table No. 10 relating to the 6tl. and 7th stage a with Clouded Right Belief.

 

Clouded Right Belief stage four groups

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Pairs of Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

3 sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 Passions of perfect conduct preventing kind.

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Clouded Right Belief

1

1

1

1

Number of classes which operate, at one instant.

7

6

6

5

Out of

14

13

13

12

 

Here 7 or 6 or, 5 sub-classes operate at a time.

(VII) Perfect VOW Stage. The same number of sub-classes operate here in groups similar to the just preceding.

(VIII) New Thought Activity Stage. There is no operation of Clouded-Right-Belief here. The 4 groups will stand thus.

 

Table No. 11 relating to the 8th stage.

 

Eight stage four groups.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

3 sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

The four perfect conduct preventing passions.

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Number of classes which operate, at one instant.

6

3

5

4

Out of

13

12

12

11

 

(IX) Advanced Thought Activity stage. Here we have no operation of any of the six minor passions. i. e., fear, disgust, laughter, sorrow. indulgence and ennui. There are five parts of this stage. Sexes are operative in the first part only. In the second only the 4 passions operate. In the 3rd anger, in the 4th pride, in the 5th Deceit, ceases to operate.

 

Table No. 12 relating to the 9th stage.

 

The 9th stage groups

I

II

III

IV

V

Sexes

1 1 1

 

 

 

 

Passions

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1

Total

7

4

3

2

1

 

(X) Slightest Delusion stage. There is operation of slight greed only.

 

Its Graphic representation will be. [Slight greed. (1) ]

 

ϝӕוִ֤ ״֓ ֢ ־׻ע ϝ l

ִ֏և ִ ֣׾ ׸ ֝ם ll 478 ll

ϭӵוִ֟ ״֬ ֯ ־ֻן ϭִ l

ִֿ֖׵֍ ִ ֡ׯ ֟׸ ã֭׭ ll 478 ll

 

478. A right believing (soul) having transformed matter of error-feeding (Passions to other passions) when descended to wrong belief (stage has) no (Operation of error-feeding passions) for one Avali. In subsidential and destructive Right. Belief (there is) no operation of Clouded Right-Belief. Certainly there are 4 groups also (in both cases).

 

Commentary.

 

When a soul with destructive subsidential, or second subsidential Right-Belief, which has already transformed error-feeding passions into other passions, descends to Wrong-Belief stage, it will for one Avali have no operation of error-feeding passions. It will bind fresh error feeding Karmas, which will come into operation after one Avali. In the absence of operation of error-feeding passions, it will have operation of only 9, 8, or 7 sub-classes of deluding Karma in different ways in four groups as below :

 

Table No. 13 relating to Wrong-Belief, without Error-feeding Palsions.

 

Groups in Wrong-Belief, without Error-Feeding Passions.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

3 sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 Passions of 3 kinds

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

Wrong-Belief without Error-feeding Passions.

1

1

1

1

Total

22

21

21

20

 

 

During stages from 4th to 7th a soul which has subsidential or destructive Right-Belief has no operation of Clouded-Right-Belief. Therefore in none of the four groups in each of these 4 stages the sub-class of Clouded Right-Belief will find a place as shown in chart below.

 

Table 14 relating to Vowels stage free from Clouded Right-Belief.

 

Groups in Vowless stage without clouded belief.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

3 sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 passioins each of 3 kinds

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

Number of Sub-classes which operate, at one instant.

8

7

7

6

Out of

21

20

20

19

 

There will be operation of 8, 7, 7, or 6 sub-classes.

 

Table 15 showing operation in Partial vow stage without Clouded Belief.

 

 

Groups in Vowelss stage without clouded belief.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

3 sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 passions each of 2 kinds

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

2 2 2 2

Number of Sub-classes which operate, at one instant.

7

6

6

5

Out of

17

16

16

15

 

There will be operation of 7, 6, 6, or 5 sub-classes of deluding Karma in different ways.

 

Table No. 16 ,flowing operation in stages VI & VII free from Clouded Right-Belief.

 

Groups in above stages.

I

II

III

IV

Fear & Disgust.

2

1

1

0

Laughter Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui.

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

3 sexes

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

4 passions each of kinds

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Number of Sub-classes which operate, at one instant.

6

5

5

4

Out of

13

12

12

11

 

There will be operation of 6, 5,5 or 4 sub. classes of deluding Karma in different ways. The four groups of the seventh stage will be similar to those of the 6th.

 

۾ֻ׾ ״׻֤ ϛ ֈ עָ ֤ Ͻ l

֢׸ ׋ ֝ ״֓פӟ ll 479 ll

澵־ׯ ״׻֟ ™ ֟׸ ֟׸ ֟ ™ l

֟׸  ã֭׭ ״֣פ桴֭ ll 476 ll

 

479. Having added the aforesaid. (we have) eighty-four and four, (operation) places (groups) (respectively in the first three stages). eight, only in (each of) the four stages (from fourth to seventh); four. two and one respectively in 8th, 9th and 10th stage). (Such are the groups) from Wrong Belief (stage) to (that of) slightest delusion.

 

Commentary.

Here the groups of operation places of each stage. from Wrong Belief to Slightest Delusion are enumerated.

The sub-joined chart shows the number of groups (operation places) as well as the number of sub-classes operating in each group at one instant.

 

Table 17 showing number of sub-classes bound in different groups in the Spiritual Stage.

 

Stages.

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

Operation places showing number of Subclasses, when error-feeding passions do not operate.

of 10

 

Of 9

 

Of 9

 

Of 8

Of 9

 

Of 8

 

Of 8

 

Of 7

Of 9

 

Of 9

 

Of 9

 

Of 9

Of 9

 

Of 8

 

Of 8

 

Of 7

Of 8

 

Of 7

 

Of 7

 

Of 6

Of 7

 

Of 6

 

Of 6

 

Of 5x

Of 7

 

Of 6

 

Of 6

 

Of 5

Of 6

 

Of 5

 

Of 5

 

Of 4

Of 2

 

Of 1

 

. . .

 

. . .

Of 1

 

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

Operation places showing number of Subclasses when error-feeding passions operate.

Of 9

 

Of 8

 

Of 8

 

Of 7

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

Of 8

 

Of 7

 

Of 7

 

Of 6

Of 7

 

Of 6

 

Of 6

 

Of 5

Of 6

 

Of 5

 

Of 5

 

Of 4

Of 6

 

Of 5

 

Of 5

 

Of 4y

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

 

. . .

TOTAL

8

4

4

8

8

8

8

4

2

1

 

x When clouded right belief is operative.

y When clouded right belief is not operative.

 

To take an example. In wrong belief stage there is operation of ten, nine, nine. and eight sub-classes in the upper four groups and of 9,8,8 and 7 in the lower four groups.

It should be noted here that in the 9th stage there are five parts of them, th9 1st part has operation of 2 sub-classes at a time but the rest four parts have only 1 sub-class operating at a time. See Chart No.7. Therefore only two operation places have been shown in the chart.

֝־֝־פ ֈןֵןֽ֝ ־ֽ֐֐פ ։ l

֝ פ ןֵ ֟־ִ֤ ן ll 480 ll

֭־֭־פ ֟á֍סã֭ ־™֯֯פ ֟ l

ã֭׭ ֈפ ס֍ ֓ ֟پֿ֐֟ ϯ ן ll 480 ll

 

480: (There are) four (Operation) places of ten, (nine, eight and seven sub-classes in 1st stage); three of nine, (eight and seven. in the 2nd) ; three of nine. etc., (eight and seven, in 3rd); four of nine, (eight, seven and six, in 4th); (four), of eight, (seven. six and five, in 5th); (four) of seven, (six, five and four in 6th), (the same (four) of seven etc., (in 7th) ; and three of six (five and four in the 8th). There are twenty four Combinations, (Bhanga) in (each of) these places till the New-thought-Activity (stage).

 

Commentary.

In Table 16, the same number of sub-classes occurs twice in some groups. Leaving out of consideration the number which occurs repeatedly in the group, relating to a stage, we have 4 operative places in 1st stage, 3 in 2nd, 3 in 3rd, 4 in 4th, 4 in 5th, -1 in 6th, 4 in 7th, and 3 in 8th stage, aggregating to twenty nine, in all the stages.

With regard ~o this method of counting, it must be noted, that the same number, though occurring repeatedly, does not indicate the same sub-classes. Taking the wrong-belief stage, although nine sub-classes are shown thrice as operative, they differ in their nature. In one set of nine, fear. and in the other disgust, operates along with other 8, and in the third set of nine, passions of 3 kinds only operate along with both fear and disgust to make up the nine sub-classes.

 

ָ ָָ ־ ן׋ l

־֐֤ ָ֤ ֚֝ ll 481 ll

֤֙ ֤֤ ֣ ם l

ۙ֐׭ ֟׾֣Ѝ֤ ׫ã֭ ll 481 ll

 

481. (In the first eight spiritual stages, we have, respectively, one, six, eleven, eleven, eleven nine, and three, (sets of operation places of ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five, and four sub-classes of Deluding Karma). (Each of) these

(has) twenty-four combinations. In the two places (of 9th stage there are) twenty. four (in one), and eleven combinations (in the other).

 

Commentary.

As shown in Table 17 there is only one operation place of ten sub-classes. There are six of 9 sub-classes; eleven of eight, eleven of seven, eleven of six, nine of five, three of four. Each of them has got 24 combinations.

In order to understand the 24 combinations in each of these operation-places which are 1 + 6 + 11 + 11 + 11 + 9 + 3 = 52, in the first 8 stages, let us take any two of them.

 

Take the 1st operative place of 10 sub-classes in wrong-belief stage. These can operate in 24 variations thus :

 

(1) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, female sex, laughter and indulgence, fear and disgust.

(2) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, male sex, laughter and indulgence, fear and disgust.

(3) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, common sex, laughter and indulgence, fear and disgust.

(4) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, female sex, sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.

(5) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, male sex, sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.

(6) Wrong belief, 4 kinds of anger, common sex, sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.

 

When we substitute pride, deceit, or greed for anger we have 6 combinations in respect of each of the four passions. And thus we have 24 combinations.

We have the same result by multiplying together, wrong belief, by 4 passions, by3 sexes, by 2 pairs, of laughter and sorrow, indulgence and ennui, by 1 pair off ear and disgust 1 x 4x 3 x 2 x 1- 24.

Let us take another example, that of the operation of 4 sub-classes in the 8th stage.

 

(1)  Anger, female sex, laughter and indulgence.

(2)  Anger, male sex, laughter and indulgence.

(3)  Anger, common sex, laughter and indulgence.

(4) Anger. female sex. sorrow and ennui.

(5) Anger. male sex. sorrow and ennui.

(6) Anger. common sex, sorrow and ennui.

 

Adding six combinations for each of the other 3 passions. Pride deceit and greed. we shall have 24 combinations. By multiplication also we get. 4 passions x 3 sexes x 2 pairs of minor passions =24.

 

We have 24 combinations in each of the 52 places. in the eight stages. shown in Table 17. and worked out in detail below:

 

W = Wrong belief ... M = Mixed belief.

P = passions ... C1.= Clouded belief.

S = Sex.

Pr.= Pair of minor passions.

 

Serial number of places.

Pleace of Sub-classes.

COMBINATION.

Details.

TOTAL

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

10

9

9

9

9

8

8

7

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 pair of fear and disgust.

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear.

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust.

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

*1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 pair offer and disgust.

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear

1 w x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

24

24

24

24

 

* In second kind of 4 groups without error feeding passions.

 

II. Downfall stage.

 

(9)

(10)

(11)

(12)

9

8

8

7

4 p x 3 s x 2 pairs x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

III. Mixed stage.

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

9

8

8

7

1 m x 4 passions x 3s x 2 pr. X 1 pair fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

IV (a) Vowless stage with clouded belief.

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

9

8

8

7

1 cl. X 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

1 cl. X 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear

1 cl. X 4 p x 2 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust

1 cl. X 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

 


IV (b) When free from clouded belief.

(21)

(22)

(23)

(24)

8

7

7

6

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

V (a) Partial-Vow stage with clouded right belief..

(25)

(26)

(27)

(28)

8

7

7

6

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

V (b) When free from clouded belief.

(29)

(30)

(31)

(32)

7

6

6

5

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

VI (a) Imperfect vow stage.

(33)

(34)

(35)

(36)

7

6

6

5

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. + 1 fear

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

 

VI (b) When free from clouded right belief.

(37)

(38)

(39)

(40)

6

5

5

4

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 p.

24

24

24

24

 

VII (a) Perfect vow stage with clouded right belief.

(41)

(42)

(43)

(44)

7

6

6

5

1 c. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pai of fear anddisgust.

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 p. x 1 fear

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 p. x 1 disgust

1 cl. x 4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

VII (b) When free from clouded right belief.

(45)

(46)

(47)

(48)

6

5

5

4

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

VIII. Stage of new thought activity.

(49)

(50)

(51)

(52)

7

6

6

5

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear

4 p x 3 s x 2 p x 1 disgust

4 p x 3 s x 2 pr.

24

24

24

24

 

Thus we have 52 x 24 = 1248 combinations.

 

 

ֽ֝ ֲ֝Ӭ פ l

֤֟׾Ӭֽ֝ ֝ ll 482 ll

ã֭ : ֲ֭֘ ׾ן ָõ l

֟پֲ֭֬õ֭ ¾ ־֟ ãִ֭ ll 482 ll

 

482. In the two operation-places of 2 (sub-classes) (in the first part of the 9th stage where) five are bound, (and in a part of the second part where) four are bound, there is (operation) of one (of the last kind of passion, and of one of the sexes). In the remaining (parts, there is one operation) place (of one sub-class) only.

 

Commentary.

 

In verse 481, it was said that the operation place of 2 sub-classes in 9th stage has 24 combinations. There is operation of the four passions and the three sexes in the first part of 9th stage (where 4 passions and 1 male sex are bound) and also, for some instants, in the second part. (where only four passions are bound). Thus 4 x 8 +4 x 8=24. The operation place of one sub-class has 4 + 8 x 2+ 1=11 combinations as below :

 

(1) 4 combinations in the second part, where all 4 passions are operating.

(2) 3 in the 3rd part where 8 passions operate.

(3) 2 in the 4th part where 2 passions only operate.

(4)  I in the 5th part where only 1 passion is operating.

(5)  I in the 10th stage where only one is operating.

 

םֵ׼֯֜ ךߝ ׸ ֬ l

֢ ӟ ׸פ֬ ll 483 ll

׭־ע֍˝֯ϣִ֟ ֝֜áֵ: ֥ ֬ l

֟ ԭ: ֿ: ֤֬ ll 483 ll

 

483. Operation-time (or Udayaddha) of the common and the female sex is the same beginning from the first (instant of the 9th stage) of advanced-thought-activity. After. wards beginning from operation time of male sex etc., it iDcrea3es respectively by one Antara-Muhurta (at each step).

 

Commentary.

In the 9th stage there is operation of the female, common, and male sexes, and of the four perfect-conduct-preventing passions anger, pride, deceit and greed. They cease to operate one after another in the order given above, until at the end of the 9th stage only slight greed remains, with which- the soul passes on to the 10th stage.

The operation-duration of the female sex is equal to that of the common, and the one ceases to operate when the other does. Male sex ceases to operate one Antar Muhurta after the cessation of operation of the female and common sexes. Where male sex also ceases to operate, the four passions only operate for one Antar-Muhurta. When anger ceases to operate, the other three operate for one Antar-Muhurta. When Pride ceases to operate, the remaining two continue to operate for one Antar-Muhurta. When deceit also ceases to operate, greed only operates for one more Muhurta.

 

It is obvious that the operation duration of each, excepting the female and common, which two are of equal duration, and are the first to cease to operate, exceeds that of the preceding by one Antar Muhurta, the longest being that of greed.

 

ל Ӭ֝ ־֤ۓ l

כ ֤׸۴ ׸ֲӬה ll 484 ll

ֹ י ֵֿ֭ ֤֯ۓע: l

י ہָ ֲ֭ۓۢ: ll 484 ll

 

404 Ascending (from the 8th stage) with operation of male sex, the ce3sation of(its) bondage and operation (is) simultaneous; when ascending with operation of (either of) the other (sexes. cessation of the bondage of male sex (is) in the last but one instant of the operation (duration).

 

Commentary.

According to some Acharyas, cessation of the bondage of male sex, when ascending with male sex operation is in the last but one instant of its operation, while the cessation of its operation follows an instant later.

 

ֲ֝Ӭ֐۴ ָ Ӑ ־ ֵ֛֯ l

ꈤ ֤Ӭ ָ ן Ӑ ll 485 ll

ֲֿ֭֍ ֤ ֛ , ֯ύ l

֟ԭ ֤ ־׭֟ ֛ |l 485 ll

 

486. During bondage of five (sub-classes, 4 passions and male sex in the first part of the 9th stage, there is) operation of only two sub-classes (passion and sexes), and the combinations (are) twelve; while in bondage place of (only) four (passions in a part of the second part the (same) two operate, and the combinations are also twelve.

 

Commentary.

As anticipated in verse 482; the operation of 2 sub-classes in part 1, and in portion of part 2 of the 9th stage, are clearly described here. The combinations are 4x3+4 x 3-24,

 

õ ֝õ ֵֻםֵ׼ ֐۴ l

֤ן֤Ӑ Ӑ ll 486 ll

õ ֭õ ֵֻ׭־ע ֐ l

֟á׫֛: 斴 ־ ֛: |l 486 ll

 

488. In Advanced-Thought-Activity in the parts where greed deceit; pride. and anger operate there are (respectively) four, three, two, and one combinations. In slightest delusion (stage) there is only one combination.

 

Commentary.

In verse 481, it was said that the operation place of 2 sub-classes in 9th stage bas 24 combinations. There is operation of the four Passions and the three sexes in the first part of the 9th stage, (where 4 Passions and 1 male sex are bound) and also, for some instants. in the second part, (where only the four Passions are bound).

 

Thus 4 x S + 4 x 3=24. The operation place of one sub-class has 4 + 3 +21-1+1=11 combinations as below:

(1) 4 Combinations in the second part, where all 4 passions are operating.

(2) S in the Pard part, where 3 passions operate.

(3) 2 in the 4th part, where 2 passions only operate.

(4) 1 in the 5th part. where only 1 passion is operating.

(5) 1 in the 10th stage, where only one passion is operating.

 

 

ָ ֵ֟ߤߚ֝׾ֵ֯֯ ߾ l

֝פ֤֐ ֵכ׾ֵ֯ ۴ ll 487 ll

ֿֿ֤֟֡ןã׭׾֍ן ߾: l

ֿ֘ןֿ֟ ֯֟׳: ύן׾֍ꬑ ll 487 ll

 

437. During the stages (till 10th. there are) twelve hundred and eighty-three combinations, with reference to (operation) places, and eighty-five bonded, and seven (8,507) combinations with reference to their sub-classes. Mundane souls are thus deluded.

 

 

commentary.

As shown in Table 17 under verse 479, we have 52 operation places. Adding one place of two sub-classes during the first 8 stages of the 9th stage, there are 53. Each has 24 combinations. Thus we have 5SX24=1272 combinations. Adding 11 of the 9th and the 10th stages, as shown in the commentary, to verse 482, we have 1212+ 11=1283 combinations. Now with reference to sub-classes as . shown in table 17, under ve1l!e 479.

 

One operation place of 10 has 10

6 9 54

11 8 88

11 7 77

11 6 66

9 5 45

3 4 12

1 2 2

 

In each of the above places there are 24 variations, therefore there are 354 x 24=8496 combination. Adding the 11 of one sub class. We have altogether 850; combinations as regards sub-classes.

 

ָ ֐֤֓ ϯֹ l

֤֐֤ ָ ӓ ۴ ll 488 ll

֤֙ ֹ֯֓֟֯׭ l

׭ ֟پֿ֐֟׭ ֤ ׫ ֿ ô֭ ll 488 ll

־ֵ֢֢׸ ֝׾ֵ֯ ߾ l

אֻ֤֢׸ֵֵ֯כ׾ֵ֯ ֵ־ |l 489 ll

־ֿ֟֯֯֟׳: ãֻ֭׾֍: ߾: l

֟ظ֤֭ ֯֟ןֿ֟֯ύן׾֍: ֟־: ll 489 ll

 

488-489. Non repeated (operation places are respectively), one, six, eleven, ten, seven, four and one (of ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five and four sub classes) See chart verse 4.79. These (forty places) being multiplied by twenty-four combinations, (adding to them) twelve (combinations) of two and five of one, (they aggregate to) Nine-hundred seventy seven. (40x24=960+17=977) Mundane souls are deluded by these combinations of (operation) places. They Should be known to be sixty-nine hundred and forty-one, with reference to combinations of sub-classes.

 

Commentary.

In the 52 places mentioned in the previous verse there are some which have the same classes. These are called repeated . Ignoring thein. the unrepeated places are only 40. These are. 1 of 10,6 of 9, 11 of S, 10 of 7 (seven sub. classes in the sixth and the seventh stage are the same, therefore one of set of 7 has been left out), 7 of 6 (they are 11. But three sets of 6 in the 6th and 7th and one in the 8th stages have the same subclasses. Four sets of 6 are therefore left out of account), 4 of 5 (They are 9, but five are left out as repeated, the same 5 as are in the 6th, being contained in the 7th and 8th), 1 of 4 (They are 3, but two are Dot counted, as the four-classes in the 6th, are the same as in the 7th and 8th stage). Thus we have 40 x 24=960 combinations. In the 9th stage, operation place of 2 sub-classes is counted twice, thus leaving one as .. repeated, the remaining one place will have only 4 x 3=12 combinations.

In 9t.h and 10th stages, operation place of one passion sub-class has 11 combinations, but as, greed, deceit, and pride are repeated thrice, twice, and once again, 6 combinations are left out. and we have only five. The slightest greed in the 10th stage is also taken as repeated, Thus there are 12 + 5+960 =977 combinations, as regards unreported operation places.

Counting all the sub-classes of these 977 combinations we have

1 of 10 = 10 sub-classes.

6 of 9=54

11 of 8 = 88

10 of 7 = 70

7 of 6 = 42

4 of 5 = 20

1 of 4 = 4

 

288 sub-classes.

 

And 288 x 24=6912 combinations. Adding 24 of both the operation places of 2 in the 9th stage. and 5 operation places of one in the 9th and 10th, we have 6912+24 + 5=6941 combinations.

Reference to Gatha 485 shows that there are 12 combinations in the first part. and 12 in a portion of the 2nd part of the 9th stage. The sub-classes though the same are not the same as regards the first part, and the whole of the second part. Hence the operation of 12 in a portion of the second part is not taken as a repetition.

 

ֽ֝ ֵ؛ ֐֐ֈ֤֕֕ߍ |

׵֢ ׾֤ ֤ӏ ֵכӏ ll 490 ll

ã֭ ύ؟ þ֍þ֍ֵֵפ׳: l

׵֟ ׯ֟ ֤Ӂ ύןӏ ll 490 ll

 

490. Operation places and sub-classes being (respectively) multiplied by conscious attentiveness (Upyoga), vibratory activity (yoga) etc., (a. e., by full control, Sanyama, or partial control, (Desha Samyama), thought.-paint, (Leshya). right belief, (Samyaktva), possible ill their own respective (spiritual stages), the humbug of (all the operative) places and the number of (all the) sub-classes respectively is (found) by adding together (the result of every one of these multiplications)

 

Commentary.

The operation of any sub-class of deluding Karma causes impurity in conscious attentiveness, souls vibratory activity. full control. partial control, thought-paint and right-belief. In every spiritual stage, one or more of them are present along with the operation of deluding Karma till the 10th stage. The learned Acharya wishes here to show their combinations with reference to Deluding Karma,

 

״֓ ״ןֵ ִ֢֢ ו֝ ֬ l

֝ ֢ ֕ ן ll 491 ll

״֣׫ ״ֵ֡ ϴ֢֯֍ ו֭ ֬ l

֘ –֙ ֯֟ פ ֓ ֵ ־׭֟ ll 491 ll

 

491. There are five (kinds of) consciousness (Upyoga), in (each of) the two, wrong belief (and downfall stages); six in (each of) the three, mixed, (vow less and partial-vow stages); seven in (each of) the seven (from) imperfect vow (to the 12th stage of delusionless); two in the perfect soul arid the Same two in the liberated souls).

 

Commentary.

Consciousness is of 12 kinds. There are 8 kinds of knowledge and 4 kinds of conation consciousness. Wrong belief. as well as. downfall stage has wrong sensitive knowledge, and visual knowledge and ocular and monocular conation i. e., five kinds of consciousness.

Third. fourth and fifth stages have, each six kinds of consciousness i. e , right sensitive, spiritual and visual knowledge and ocular, non-ocular and visual conation. Stages from 7th to 12th have 7 kinds of consciousness i. e., mental knowledge Is added to the six aforesaid. Vibrating and non-vibrating perfect souls in 13th and 14th stages and all the liberated souls have only two kinds of consciousness, namely perfect knowledge and perfect conation.

Now we shall find out the number of operation places and subclasses, in each stage with reference to number of the kinds of conscious attentiveness present. there.

See table No. 17 under verse 479. In the 1st stage the1ENI~e ~\ operative places containing 10+9 r 9+ 8+ 9+ 8+ 8 r 7~68 sub-classes, Multiplying the 8 places and the 68 sub-classes, with 5 kinds of attentiveness, we have 40 places and 340 sub-classes.

It should be noted that in all stages till the 12th, one kind of consciousness works at one particular instant. A wrong believer with sensitive knowledge will . not have the other 4 kinds of attentiveness. Thus, along with sensitive knowledge he can have 8 operation places with 68 sub-classes in operation. With reference to all the five kinds of consciousness at different instants, we have 40 operation places, and 340 sub-classes.

Calculation with reference to other stages may be similarly made. Deluding Karma operates from 1st to 10th stage only. The Table below will show the number of places and sub-classes till that stage.

 

Table No. 18 showing places and Sub-classes with reference to consciousness.

 

Stages

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IXA

IXA

X

Operative places

8

4

4

8

8

8

8

4

1

1

1

Sub-classes

68

32

32

60

52

44

44

20

2

1

1

Consciousness

5

5

6

6

6

7

7

7

7

7

7

Places multiplied by Consciousness.

40

20

24

48

48

56

56

28

7

7

7

Sub-classes multiplied by Consciousness.

340

160

192

360

312

308

308

140

14

7

7

 

 

־֝ֈפ֐ִִֵ֢֯֝ l

֝׾ֵ֯ ֝ ֕ ߵ ll 492 ll

־֋ פ״ֵ֝֝ ׾ֵ֝ |

ֵ֛ߝ ׸֝ ֕ ߵ ll 493 ll

 

־֭־ןֿ֯֟׬֍֯á֯ϴִ֝õ l

ã֭׾֍ ֭ ֵ ߵõ ll 492 ll

ֿ֘֟á ֿןִۭ֟ ׾֭֕ l

ύ߭ ׸֝ ֵ ߵõ ll 493 ll

 

492.493. With )reference to conscious attentiveness, seven thousand, seven hundred and ninety-nine operative places, in (various) combinations should be known 10 the deluding Karma. The number of sub-classes (of) deluding Karma with reference to consciousness (in all combinations) should be known to be fifty. one thousand and eighty-three.