־ָߵ ֲӬ֯כִ֚ l
֭֘ ָ֯ߟ ֲ֭ׯִָ֛ã֭ׯ
l
ׯ : ֲ֭þ֍ׯύן ll
206 ll
206. (The order
is) the reverse in the five (subclasses of) obstructive (Karmas); also in the
group (Pinga) and other (i. e., nongroup, Apinga subc1asses of) bodymaking.
Karma which are bound simultaneously in its places(Sthana) And again the matter
of group (Pinga) subclasses is similarly distributed in its group subclasses
which are bound simultaneously.
Commentary.
For
the places (sthana) of the bodymaking Karma see Gatha 521. There are 6 places
in which 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, and 1 sub classes of bodymaking Karma are
bound simultaneously. The 23 which simultaneously bound by a wrongbeliever,
human and subhuman soul, are the following:
(1) Subhuman condition, (2)
onesensed (3) physical, electric and Karmic (these 3 are Pinda subclasses,
the matter is distributed to them jointly), (4) unsymmetrical figure (5)
colour, (6) smell (7) taste, (8) touch, (9) subhuman migratory form, (10)
notheavy light, (11) selfdestructive, (12) immobile, (13) fine, (14)
undevelopable, (15) common, (16) unsteady, (17) ugly, (18) unprepossessing,
(19) unimpressive, (20) notoriety, (21) formation. The subclasses are 23 in
number, but the matter of bodymaking Karma is divided into 21 places in the
above order, as the 3 Pinda subclasses physical, electric and Karmic body
Karmas take the matter jointly.
Let
the whole matter be ~. Then divided by an innumerable part of Avali, assumed to
b~ 9, the many parts i. e., 8u/8x9 should be equally divided into 21 parts,
each subclass getting 8u / 8 x 9 x 21. The balance u/8 x 9 should again be
divided by 9. Many parts should be added to the last (21) formation. Thus (21)
formation will have
( 8u / 8 x 9 x 21 + 8u / 8 x
9^{2}) .
The
balance i. e., one part 8 ~ 92 should again be divided by 9, many parts
should be added to (20) notoriety which will have
(8u / 8 x 9 x 21 + 8u / 8 x9^{2})
Thus
we may go on till the last balance should be given to (1) subhuman condition,
which will have (8u / 8 x 9 x 21 + u / 8 x 9^{2})
ׯ ϋ㌍ ֲ֤Ӭ ֵ֤֯
l
ןֵ ֵ֯ ։ ֵ֯ ll
207 ll
ִׯ ϭ㟍: Ϥֲ֭ß
֟پ֍֯ß l
ֵ֡ ֍: ֵ꿓 ֍: ll
207 ll
207. And in nonmaximum moleculebondage of the six (i. e.,
knowledge and conation abscising, feeling, body, family and obstructive Karmas
there are) the for, kinds (i. e., begun, unbegun, lasting and transient). In
the remaining three, i. e., maximum, minimum and nonminimum, there are) two
kinds (begun and transient). In (the four kinds, i. e., maximum, nonmaximum,
minimum and nonminimum of) the deluding and age (Karma there are) two kinds
(begun and transient).
Commentary.
The
various kinds of bondage with reference to its molecular density may be
condensed in the following chart :
Let.
 Max. ~ maximum. Min. = minimum. Nonmax.  nonmaximum. Nonmin.'"
nonminimum.
Knowledge Obscuring. 
Conation Obscouring. 
Feeling. 
Deluding. 
Age. 
Body. Making. 
Family 
obstructive. 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Max. 2 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmax. 4 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Nonmin. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
Min. 2 
㌍ ֵָ֛ ֈ Ӭ
l
ןֵ ֵ֯ ֓ֈ ֵ֯ ll
208 ll
סӿִ֭֟㟍: ָύן ֟پ֬ : l
ֵ֡ ֍: ֓֟sׯ ֍ ll
208 ll
208. Out of the (120) subclasses, the nonmaximum
bandage of 30 (detailed in the next Gatha is) of four kinds (begun. unbegun,
lasting and transient); the remaining three (i. e., maximum, minimum and
nonminimum are) of two kinds, i. e., begun and transient). Also in the 4 (i.
e.. maximum, nonmaximum, minimum and nonminimum) of the remaining (90
subclasses there are) 2 kinds (begun and transient).
ӟֵֵָ֤ ֔ ֵ l
㌍ ֲ֤Ӭ ֵ֤֯ ll 209
ll
ֵָ֤֭֭֟֍ ֭֙
֟֍ l
ءִֿ֭֟㟍: Ϥֲ֭: ֟پ֍֯ : ll
209 ll
209.
The nonmaximum moleculebondage of the (following) 30 (is) of four kinds. The
ten (subclasses) of knowledge(obscuring) and obstructive, six of conation(obscuring,
i.e., ocular, nonocular, visual and perfectconation obscuring, and
sleep and drowsiness), and fourteen of the deluding, (i. e.. the 4
partialvow, the 4 totalvow, the 4 perfectconductpreventing passions and the
minor passions of fear and disgust).
֢֕ ֵכӬִ֤֯ l
פ ֤㌍ ֵ ־ָߵ ll
210 l
֟: ֳ ֵ: ύןֲָֻ֭֟: l
ן Ϥ ֭֒֍ ֭
ָ֯ߟִ ll 210 ll
210.
The rational develop.able (soul) with maximum vibration, being the binder of
very few subclasses, incurs the maximum molecule (bondage). Know the reverse
for the minimum.
Commentary.
The
minimum molecule bondage is inc11rred by an irrational, undevelopable soul with
minimum vibration being the binder of many subclasses.
֯ ֤ ־ l
Ӭפ Õ ll 211 ll
ֵõ Ϥ ֙ õ ־
֭ l
ֵ֭ ֬ן ll
211 ll
211.
(The soul) binds by maximum vibration, (the maximum number of) molecules of the
ageKarma beyond the 6th (i. e., in the 7th stage), and of the deluding
in the 9th stage, and of the remaining (6 Karmas) in (the 10th stage of)
slightest passion.
ָ֢ ָ Ӕsֵ۴ פ
l
ϵ֤ ײפ֍ֵ פ ֤־
ll 212 ll
֤֯֟ ִָ ֘־ ֍
ߵִ l
ϵ֟ ߵ֍ֵ ־ן
ll 212 ll
ֵֻ֧֯ן֟ ִ ֤ l
ִ ִ ָ ։ ֤ ll 213
ll
֙֍ֵֻ֦֯֟ߣ ִ֍ פ l
ִִ: ֵ ָ֝֟ ll 213
ll
֔ֈ ֕ ִ֔ֈ ִ֟ןֵ l
ִָ֢֯ ֤֯㌍ ״֔ ll 214
ll
֔֟ ֕ ִ֔֟á
ßִִֵ֭֡ l
ָ֯ϴ֢: ֯Ϥ ״֣: ll 214
ll
212,
218 and 214. And the maximum matter is, of 17 (i. e., 5 knowledge and 4
conation,. i. e., ocular, nonocular, visual and
perfectconationobscuring, five obstructive, fame. high family and pleasurefeeling
Karma) in (the 10th stage of) finest attachment (i. e., slightest
passion or delusion); of I) (i. e.. maleinclination and 4
rightconductpreventing passions) in (the 9th stage of)
advancedthoughtactivity; of the third (i. e., the 4 total vowpreventing
passions) in (the 10th stage of) partial (vows); and of the second (i. e., the
4 partialvowpreventing) passions in the (4th stage of) vowless
(rightbelief); of the 6 minor passions (i. e., all except the 3
sexinclinations), of sleep and drowsiness, and of Tirthankara in (the 4th
stage of) rightbelief; of 13 (i. e.,) human and celestial age,
painfeeling, and the celestial four (i. e., celestial condition,
migratory form, fluid body and limbs), adamantine (nerves, joints and bones),
symmetrical figure, graceful movement, and the three, amiable, (sweet voice and
impressive) in (the 4th or 1st stage of) right or wrongbeliever. Of the (two)
assimilative (body and limbs) in (the 7th stage of) perfect vows; and the
maximum molecules of the remaining (66 are bound) in (the 1st stage of)
wrongbelief.
Commentary.
The
66 are the three, deep sleep, heavy drowsiness, somnambulism, wrongbelief, the
4 errorfeeding Passions, the female and common sexinclinations, the hellish
and subhuman ages, the hellish, subhuman and human conditions of existence,
the 5 genera, the three physical, electric and Karmic bodies, the 5 figures (i.e.,
all the 6 except the perfectly symmetrical), 5 skeletons, (i.e., the
all the 6 except the admantinenervesjoints and bones), physical limbs, the 4,
touch, taste, smell, and colour, the hellish, subhuman and human migratory
forms, notheavy light, selfdestructive, otherdestructive, respiration,
radiant heat, phosphorescence, awkward movement, mobile, immobile, gross, fine,
developable, undevelopable, individual, common, steady, unsteady, beautiful and
ugly, unprepossessing. harsh voice, unimpressive. notoriety, formation, and low
family.
״ֵ֢֕ ֜ ֵ l
֢ ֈֲӬ ֈ ll 215 ll
恴ֵ֯ԯ֟֍õ ׯִ ֭֬֍
l
֭֟ ִֵ֭֭֒ׯ ֵ: ll 215
ll
215.
In the 1st (instant of the birth) of the fine common (completely)
undevelopable (soul) with minimum vibration (there is) minimum (molecule
bondage) of the 7 (Karmas, i. e., all except the age). (And) also (there
is minimum moleculebondage) of the ageKarma when the ageKarma is bound (in
the same soul).
֕s ָ֤ ֈ֕
l
ϯִ֢ ָ ϵ֤ ן֟ ֔ֈ ll
216 ll
ִֵ֭: Ӗ
ִֵֵָ֭֒ l
ϯϴ֢: ֵָ֟: ߣ ֔֟: ll 216 ll
216.
The irrational (fivesensed) soul with changing vibration (Ghatamana Yoga or
Parinama Yoga has) the minimum (moleculebondage) of the two hellish (condition
and migratory form), and of celestial and hellish ages. (And) of the
assimilative (body and limbs, the minimum is) in (the 7th stage of) perfect
vows. (And) the soul in (the 4th stage of) vowless (rightbelief in the first
instant of its birth has the minimum moleculebondage) of Tirthankara and the
four, celestial (condition, migratory form, body and limbs).
Commentary.
Ghatamana
Yogachanging vibration is in a soul where there is increase and decrease and
also the sameness of vibratory division (Yoga sthana).
֯㋋ֳ־֟ן ֜۴
ך l
״֤ Ӭפ ϾָӬ ll
217 ll
ָ֯鋸ֳ־ã: ס ϣִ
ã֟: l
斴 ֭ן ִ־ָ֭ ll
217 ll
217.
And the fine common soul being in the first turn, in transmigration with three
turns, on its way to the last of the (6012 completely) undevelopable (mean)
births, binds the minimum number of molecules of the remaining (109
subclasses, i. e., 120 minus the above 11).
Commentary.
The
following chart shows the number of subclasses of each of the. eight Karmas,
which are bound simultaneously by one soul. Deluding and bodymaking Karmas
have different varieties of numbers in. any particular stage, bound by souls in
different circumstances :
Stage 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
VI 
VII 
VIII 
Total 



5 
9 
2 
28 
4 
93 
2 
5 
148 
No. 
Name 
Knowledge
obscuring. 
Conation
obecuring. 
Feeling 
Deluding 
Age 
BodyMaking 
Family 
Obstructive 
Subclasses. 
1 
Wrongbelief 
5 
9 
1 
22 
23,25,26,28,29, & 30 
1 
1 
5 
67,69,70,72,73,& 74 
2 
Downfall 
5 
9 
1 
21 
28,29 
1 
1 
5 
71,72,73 
3 
Mixed 
5 
6 
1 
17 
28,29,30 
1 
1 
5 
63,64 
4 
Vowiess 
5 
6 
1 
17 
28,29 
1 
1 
5 
64,65,66 
5 
Partial 
5 
6 
1 
13 
28,29 
1 
1 
5 
60,61 
6 
Imperfectvow 
5 
6 
1 
9 
28,29,30,31 
1 
1 
5 
56,57 
7 
Perfectvow 
5 
6 
1 
9 
28,29,30,31, 1 
1 
1 
5 
56,57,58,59 
8 
Now. Thought 
5 
6,4 
1 
9 
1 
1 
1 
5 
55,56,57,58,26 
9 
Advanced thought 
5 
4 
1 
5,4,3,2,1 
1 
1 
1 
5 
22,21,20,19,18 
10 
Slightest delusion 
5 
4 
1 
0 
0 
1 
1 
5 
17 
11 
Subsided delasion. 
0 
0 
1 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
1 
12 
Deluionless 
0 
0 
1 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
1 
13 
Vibratory 
0 
0 
1 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
1 
14 
Non. Vibratory 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
Boundsimultaneously, 
5 
9,6,4 
1 of 2 
22,21,17,13,9,5,4,3,2,1 of 26 
1 of 4 
23,25.26,28,29,30,31,1 of 93 
1 of 2 
5 

The
following chart will show the number of divisions (Bhangas) in which the total
number of subclasses can be bound in each stage. For further details see
Chapter on Sthana SamutKirtana.
Wrongbelief Downfall Mixed Vowiess Partial vows Imperfect vows
Perfect vows New thought activity Advanced thought activity Slightest passion Subsided delusion Delusionless Vibratory Nonvibratory 
1 of 67,9 of 69,8 of 70,9 of
72,9216 of 73 & 4600 of 74. 8 of 71, 6400 of 72 and 3200
of 73. 8 of 68 and 8 of 64. 8 of 64, 16 of 65 and 8 of 66. 8 of 60 and 8 of 61. 8 of 56 and 8 of 57. 1 of 56, 1 of 57,1 of 58 and 1
of 59. 1 of 55,.1 of 56, 1 of 57, 1
of 58 and 1 of 26. 1 of 22, 1 of 21, 1 of 20. 1
of 19 and l of 18. 1 of 17 1 1 1 0 
Beginning of vibratory divisions
(Yoga Sthana) which are the causes of bondage according to nature and molecules
of Karmic matter. .
֙ ן ־֤ӟ־כִ l
ׯ ֳ ן ll 218
ll
ã֭ ס֬
֤֭֯֟־ִ۬ l
֟ ׯ ֟ : : ס֬:
ll 218 ll
218. Vibratory divisions (Yoga
Sthana are) of three kinds, birth(vibratory division), Upapada Yoga (Sthana),
increasing(vibratory division), Ekanta. Vriddhi (Sthana) changing(vibratory
division, Parinima Yoga Sthana). As to divisions. each (division has) 14 kinds
(according to the 14 soulclasses.) (Each one). again (is) of 3 kinds.
Commentary.
These
last 3 kinds areCommon (Samanya). minimum and maximum. There are 14 common, 28
common and minimum and 42 common, minimum and maximum divisions of each of
three vibratory divisions.
־֤֚ ־פִֵ Ͼָ l
ևִ ߾ִ ־ ll 219 ll
֤ã֭ ־פִֵã֟õ־ָָם l
ןԐןִ֭ ߾ִ ֭֟־ ll 219
ll
219.
The birth vibratory divisions (Upapada Yoga Sthana in soulclasses) should be
known to be minimum and maximum in the first instant of the birth of a soul
after transmigration with turnings or in straight line (respectively),
Commentary.
The
birthvibratory division has a duration of only :one instant namely the instant
of birth which immediately folIows the last instant of transmigration. It is
also the first instant of the undevelopable condition of the soul. The
vibratory activity is minimum, if the birth takes place after three turnings in
transmigration. It is maximum if the birth foI1ows a straight transmigration
without any turning whatsoever. It should be noted that this birthvibratory
division is with reference to the developable also, because although
they are partially developable, i.e. undevelopable in the first instant
of their birth. yet they are uwlerormration of developable bodymaking Karma.
They must become developable after an Antarmuhurta.
ִ֚֕ ߸߸֢֤ ״ע l
֢۬֕ ןֳ۴ ־ ll 220 ll
ִֵã֭ ָ߸ֵԯ֍֟ ָ
ן l
־ֵ֯ԯ֍֭ ָסֳ ꬤ l 220
ll
220.
Changingvibratory divisions (Parinama Yoga Sthana), are from (the last
instant of the) completion of the capacity to develop the body (Sharira
Paryapti) up to the last instant (of the age Karma). (And) for the completely
undevelopable souls, (changing vibration divisions) should be known to be in
the last onethird (period of their ageKarma).
Commentary,
Last
onethird.The age of a completely undevelopable soul is oneeighteenth part of
a pulsebeat. If it were 81 years, then its first onethird part would be 27,
its second one third, 9; its third, 3; its fourth, 1; its fifth, 1/3 its sixth
1/9 its seventh, 7 ; and its eight,
1/8 1 years, which is 1/3^{8} of the original age. Therefore the last
onethird of the age of a completely undevelopable soul is equal to 1/18x3^{8}
pulsebeats=1/18X6561 pulsebeats 1/,18,098
Pulsebeats. This is the total period of the changing vibratory
divisions of a completely undevelopable soul. It includes the minimum and the
maximum changing vibration divisions.
֯֕߯㋋ ظ ־֟ ִ㌍ l
־֟ פ Ͼָ ۬㋋ ׯ ll 21
l
þ֍ֵׯ֟֯ ־ԡ l
־ԡ ־֟־ָ ־ֵ֯ԯõ ׯ ll 221
ll
221.
And at all instants after the completion of the capacity to develop its (body
up to the end of life there can be) maximum vibration. At all instants (there)
may be minimum (vibration also). In the completely uhdevelopable (soul) also
(in, the period of the changing vibration there can be) maximum(and minimum
vibration).
ӟ־ ִֵֽӟָ ן l
Ͼָָ ֍ֻפ۴ ӟ״ ll 222
ll
֭֟־۬ã֭ ֵãִָ֭֭֭
־֟ l
Ͼָָã֭ þ֍֤ ϭ֟ ll 222 ll
222.
Only increasing vibratory divisions (Ekantanuvriddhi Yoga Sthau1a) occur
between the two (i. e., after the birth instant and beginning of
changing vibratory) divisions.(And the) minimum and maximum divisions (are) in
the beginning and the end of its duration respectively.
Commentary.
This
division is called increasing because in every instant of its duration, there
is an inmimerablefold increase of indivisible units of degrees of increase
(Avibhaga Pratichchheda).
Its
duration is from the second instant of birth up to the fast but one instant of
the contpletion of the capacity tadevelope the body.
ֳׯֈ
l
כ פ ִ ll 223
ll
ֳ֯ן֔ : : ԋ
ï֬ԍ l
ָׯ ֻ֭ ã֭ ן ־
ִֵ ll 223 ll
223.
Indivisible units of degree of increase (Avibhaga Pratichchheda make a),
Varga. (Vargas make) a, vargana. (Varganas make) a Spardhaka. And
(Spardhakas make) a Gunahani. Know that every vibratory division is
necessarily (composed of these).
Commentary. .
AU
vibratory divisions are in number equal to an innumerable part of the basic
line of the universe (Jagat Shreni).
ֻە ֻ ן א֚ l
ӏֳ ߵ ll 224 ll
ֻӏ״ִ ֻֿ ־֟ ã֭
l
ï֬ԍ ӏֳ : ll
224 ll
224.
In one (vibratory> division, the number of Gunahani is an innumerable part
of a Palya. (They are called Nana Gunahani.) And the Spardhakas in one Gunabani
(are) an innumerable part of (the basic). line (of the universe).
־ӏ עֵֻ־ l
ӏ֤֯ ll 225 ll
ï֬ԍ ԋӏ ־ֻ֤֯: l
ԋִֵӏ֯ϟָ : ll 225 ll
225.
And the number of Varganas for each Spardhaka is the same as given (before, i. e,.
an innumerable part of a basic line of the universe). And in each Vargana,
the Vargas are innumerable times the basic area of the universe (Jagat
pratara).
ӏֻ ן
ֳ l
ֳ ִ ֈ ֤ ll 226 ll
: ӏֻ֍ ־֟
ֳ: l
ֳõ ֝ ֭֒־۬: Ϥִ֭ ll
226 ll
226.
And in each Varga, the indivisible units o~ degrees of increase (A vibhaga
Pratichchheda) are innumerable times the spatial units of universe. And the
measure of indivisible (unit of degree of increase is) the minimum increase in
the (capacity of the) units (Pradesha of the soul).
אֱ֚ ӏ ֤ l
לӏꕕפ ӏֻ ֳ
ll 227 ll
ã֭ï֬ԍ ԋӏ Ϥ:
l
ꋵӏןִ ӏֻ ֳ:
ll 227 ll
227.
In one vibratory division (Yoga Sthana) (the number of all) the Spardhakas,
Varganas, and (the period, Ayama of) Gunahani in the (innumerable) spatial
units (of soul), (is each) an innumerable part of (the basic) line (of the
universe), And the (total number of) indivisible (units of degree of increase
are) the in numerable times the spatial units of universe.
Commentary.
Note
that the innumerable as applied to the above different divisions is not the
same. It is of many many kinds, see the 21 kinds of numbers in the appendix to
Jain Gem Dictionary.
־ ߾֤֯ פֳו֤ ֜ l
ظ ָߋ כ ֤ ll 228 ll
־ô֭ ߾֯Ϥ ֬Ԑֳו֟
ϣִ l
ָ߭ ح ן ֤: ll 228
ll
228.
All (i. e., the innumerable) units of one soul divided by one and a half
Gunahani (give) the first (Vargana of the first Spardhaka of the first
Gunahani). Then the common difference being subtracted (at each step we get the
succeeding Varganas). Each Gunahani is successively half of i1:s immediately
preceding one.
־ ֟ ֤֟ l
ײפפ ֳ֍ ll
229 ll
ï֬ԍӵ׳: ֝ ֭֬־ß ֡ ֡פ: l
ہߵפԋ֭ ֳ֍:
ll 229 ll
229.
The number of the Spardhakas (of a Gunahani) multiplied by the minimum (Varga)
is the first Vargana of that (Gunahani).
The Vargas of the second, etc.,
Varganas are increased successively by one indivisible unit of a degree of
increase (Avibhaga Pratichchheda), (being added to the Varga immediately
preceding).
Commentary.
All
vibratory places = an innumerable part of basic line of Universe.
The
minimum units of degree of increase of force
in the units of the soul.. Avibhaga Pratichchheda.
Innumerable
times the spatial units of universe of
Avibhaga
Pratichchhedas = One Varga.
Innumerable times basic area of universe
of
Vargas
One Vargana.
Innumerable
part of basic line of
universe
of Varganas = ... One Spardhaka.
Innumerable
part of basic line
of
universe of Spardhakas= One
Gunahani.
Innumerable part of a Palya,
of
gunahani = One vibratory
place
( Yoga Sthana).
All
the Yoga Sthanas= Innumerable part of basic line of universe.
The
difference between the forces of a unit (Pradesha) of soul which has got
minimum force and of another Pradesha which has got the least greater force
than that of minimum force is called Avibhaga Pratichchheda.
The
minimum force in one Pradesha if measured by this Avibhaga Pratichchheda will
be equal to innumerable times the units of universe. This minimum force is
called Varga. The collection of such Vargas is Vargana. The soul has got
Pradeshas of minimum force which amount to innumerable basic area of universe.
Therefore the same number of Vargas= Vargana. This is called first Vargana.
Collection
of those Pradesh as of soul, each of which has got force greater by one A
vibhaga Pratichchheda than that of the minimum force is second Vargana; but
number of Vargas will be less in this Vargami by a common difference or Chaya,
which is found by dividing the 1st Vargana by 2 Gunahanis.
In
this way the third, etc., Varganas will be greater in force but .less in number
by a common difference. In this way innumerable part of basic area of
universe of Varganas make one first Spardhaka.
Now
all such Pradeshas or Vargas as have force greater by an Avibhaga Pratichchheda
than the Pradesh a or Varga in the last Vargana of the first Spardhaka will
make the first Vargana of second Spardhaka. The number of Vargas will be less
by a common difference. The following chart will show the lesser number of
Varganas in each Spardhaka and Gunahani:
1^{st} 
2^{nd} 
3^{rd} 
4^{th} 
5^{th} 
Gunahani. 
256 
128 
64 
32 
16 

240 
120 
60 
30 
15 

224 
112 
56 
28 
14 

208 
104 
52 
26 
13 

192 
96 
48 
24 
12 

176 
88 
44 
22 
11 

160 
80 
40 
20 
10 

144 
72 
36 
18 
9 

1,600 
800 
400 
200 
100 
Total 
Here 3100 the total Pradeshas of the soul and
nanaGunahanis are 5. GunahaniAyama are 8.
Anyonyabhyastrashi 25=3^{2}.
3100%(32 1)= 100 the last
Gunahani. Each is double of the preceding one.
3100%12 7/64=256
For further details Sanskrit .
Commentary.
Ӑӏֳִִ֯sֹ־ l
ӟָ 㓓 Ͼָ֤ ll 230 ll
ϐӏ ֯ϴִ֝֡־ָï֬ԍ۬: l
ϭָ֟֙ Ͼָã֤֭
ll 230 ll
230.
An innumerable part of a (linear) finger (is) the measure of increase of
minimum Spardhakas (from one vibratory division to another). Leaving six
intervals stated in Gatha following), (we thus proceed) from the minimum to the
maximum (vibratory division).
Commentary.
The
measure or increases of degrees of vibration from one vibratory division to
another till the maximum vibratory division is equal to the number of spatial
units in an innumerable part of a linear finger. Minimum vibratory division is
found at the birth time of completely undevelopable fine common soul. The
second division will be found by adding the degrees stated above.
ִֵظ לӏꕕֳ֚ם l
כ֯㾾 ״ ֵ֤ ֵ֤ ll
231 ll
ִֵ֥֭ ꝵӏ ã֭ l
י֯ ï֬״ ֵ֟ ֵ֟: ll
231 ll
231.
Having passed innumerable part of the basic line (of the universe) vibratory
divisions, beyond the length equal to (a minimum vibratory division), we reach
a new (Apurva) Spardhaka. Everyone (of a new Spardhaka) is produced by the
increase of this common difference (Chaya).
Commentary.
The
number of intervening vibratory divisions between two new Spardhakas is an
innumerable part of a basic line of universe.
߾ִ Ͼֵָָ l
ֈפ֤ ϯֲ ֹ ll 232 ll
ã֭֭ ߾ִִ֭־ֵָָ l
ֳ֟ן֤֯: ϻֲ Ϲִֵ: ll 232 ll
232.
We give the quantity of these (three kinds of) vibratory divisions of 14
soulclasses with regard to minimum and maximum (i. e.,) 84 (classes).
Commentary.
There
are three kinds of vibratory divisions, (1) UpapadaYoga Sthana birth
vibratory division, (2) Ekantanuvriddhi Yoga Sthana, increasing vibratory
divisions, (3) Parinama Yoga Sthana changing vibratory divisions. Each of the
fourteen soulclasses are of these three kinds. Taking their minimum and
maximum, 84 classes in all have been described in the following Gathas :
ֻ۬ ן־֢ߕֵ ֢ l
۬㌍ ֤۬ Ͼִ֤ ll 233
ll
斴֍ײ֑֭֕ ־ע֑֭֕֍ ֟: l
ֲ֯쟍 ֲָ֤֟: ll 233 ll
־ע֕ ֤־עֵ Ͼָ
l
֤۬ ָ ߇פֻ۬֕ ll 234 ll
־ע斴֕ ֤־ן֍õ־ָ l
ֲ֤: ָ ֻۭ۲֍ִ֑֭ ll 234 ll
֤ם־ע־ָ ם־עײևפ Ͼָ֤
l
ײןײןן֓ן֓ ֈ״ פ ֈ״ ll
235 ll
֤־ע־ָ ־עۭ֫õ־ָ֟: l
ססס֓ס֓ ֟: ֭ ־ן ֟:
ִ֭: ll 235 ll
ֈ־֤
l
פָֻ۬̾ ӟ ll 236 ll
֣ ֳӖ ֳז֭:
Ӗ֤֯ l
斴ֻۭ۲֍־ָ ֭־鬤: ll 236 ll
־ָ֤ ־ן֤ ֕߾
l
ӟ־ָ֛ ۬ ֣ ll 237 ll
ז֭ ָ֤֯ ־ע֟õ 斴֕߾ֵ l
֭֟־鬪ָ ۲ߟָô֭ ãã ll
237 ll
֕ ֤֤ ָ
פ l
ӟָ־ָ ۬״ָ֤ׯ ִ
ll 238 ll
֣ 斴斴֕ ֟ ֤֤ ָ
־ן l
ϭָ֟־ָ ۲֍斴ָָ֟ׯ ִ
ll 238 ll
ӟָָ ֯㋋
ӟ l
ӟ־ ֻ֯۬ Ͼָָ ll 239 ll
ϭֵָ֟ׯ : ֟ԭ
ֵԭִ l
֭֟־֭۬ ֲָָֻ֯֘: ll
239 ll
֬־֢ߋ ִӟ־ l
ִֽ ӟָ ֹظ ll 240 ll
۲־Ԣ߭ ִ֭֟־֭۬
l
ִ֭ ϭֵֵָ֭֭ԯ
ll 240 ll
ֻӏꕕֳ֤ l
ֻ ϋꋋֲִ֟ ll
241 ll
ã֭ ֻӏֳ֟֍ l
Ϭßֻֿ֭ ϭֳֵßִ֡
ll 241 ll
233241.
(1) The minimum (birth vibratory division, Upapada Yoga Sthana is) in the
(onesensed) fine (common) completely undevelapable (soul). Then (comes), (2)
the minimum (birth vibratory division of (onesensed fine common) potentially
developable (soul). (Then there is) (i) the maximum (birth vibratory division)
of the (one4 sensed fine common) completely undevelopable (soul), (4) the
minimum (birth vibratory division) of (onesensed) gross (common) completely
undevelopable (soul)~ (5) the maximum (birth vibratory division) of onesensed
fine potentially developable, (6) the minimum of gross potentially developable.
(7) the maximum of gross completely undevelopable, (8) the minimum of
twosensed completely undevelopable, (9) the maximum of (one sensed) gross
potentially developable, (10) the minimum of twosensed potentially
developable. After this similarly is (the minimum and maximum of) two, three;
two, three; three, four; three, four; four, irrational (five) ;four, irrational
(fivesensed souls). [Namely, (11) maximum of twosensed completely
undevelopable, (12) minimum of threesensed completely undevelopable, (13)
maximum of twosensed potentially developable, (14) minimum of 3sensed
potentially developable, (15) maximum of 3sensed completely undevelopable,
(16) minimum of 4sensed completely undevelopable, (17) maximum of 3sensed
potentially developable, (18) minimum of 4~sensed potentially developable,
(19) maximum of 42ensed completely undevelopable, (20) minimum of 5 sensed
irrational completely undevelopable, (21) maximum of 4sensed potentially
developable, (22) minimum of 5sensed irrational potentially developableall of
Upapada. And similarly the birth vibratory division of irrational, rational,
irrational rational and rational. Then comes the minimum increasing vibration
division of onesensed fine4 completely undevelopable souls [namely, (23)
maximum of 5sensed irrational completely undevelopale, (24) mini4 mum of
5sensed rational completely undevelopable, (25) maximum of 5sensed irrational
potentially developable, (26) minimum of 5 sensed rational potentially
developable. (27) maximum of fivesensed rational completely undevelopable,
(28) minimum of increasing vibration (Ekantimuvriddhi) of onesensed
completely undevelopable]; (29) is the maximum birth vibratory division of the
(fivesensed) rational (developable) ; (30) the minimum increasing vibratory
division of (one sensed) fine potentially developable soul; (31) (the minimum
increasing vibratory division of one sensed) gross (completely and), (32)
gross (potentially developable). Similarly is (33) the maximum (increasing
vibratory division of onesensed), fine (undevelopable),. and (34) of fine
(potentially undevelopable) ; then (35) the maximum of gross (undevelopables)
and gross (potentially developable). (Then there is first) interval, (in which
there are increasing vibratory divisions, the number of which is an
innumerable part of the basic line of the universe, and which are found in no
soul. It only means that there is an addition of so many increasing vibratory
divisions to the 36th division before we multiply it by an innumerable part of
a Palya to obtain the next division). (The 67th division is) the minimum changing
(vibratory division) of (onesensed) fine undevelopable souls (and 38) of
(onesensed) other (i. e.. gross undevelopable) and (39) (40) the
maximum ( of these two respectively).  Then again (there is the second)
interval (of the same extent as above). Then the (41) (42) (43) and (44), (2
minimum and2 maximum changing divisions of those (i. e., onesensed
fine and gross potentially) developable. Beyond this (there is the third)
interval (of the same extent as above), (then in their order come from (45) to
(54) the minimum of the five mobile,. i. e., 2, 3. 4 and 5 irrational
and 5 rational) completely undevelopable (souls and then their five) maximum
increasing vibratory divisions.
(Then
is the fourth interval of the same extent as above. Then come from (55) to (64)
the 5 minimum and 5 maximum) changing (vibratory divisions of the 5 mobiles)
completely undevelopable. (Then the 5th interval as above). (Then from (65) to
(74) the 5 minimum and 5 maximum) increasing (vibratory divisions) of (the mobile)
potentially developable. (Then the sixth interval as above). (Lastly come from
(75) to (84) the (5 minimum and 5 maximum) changing (vibratory) divisions (of
the mobile developables).
(Thus
there) are intervals beyond each (of the 6 groups of 84 divisions}.
These (84) divisions (are found)
by multiplying Successively the predecessor of each by an innumerable part of
a Palya. The intermediate divisions (between the minimum and maximum vibratory
divisions are) equal to Anyonyabhyasta Rashi.
Commentary.
Chart showing 84 divisions In
succession.


Upapada. 
Ekantanuvriddhi 
Parinama. 

No. 
Name of soul class 
Minimum 
Maximum 
Minimum 
Maximum 
Minimum 
Maximum 
1 
Onesensed Fine undevelopable 
1 
3 
28 
33 
37 
39 
2 
developable 
2 
5 
30 
34 
41 
43 
3 
Gross
undevelopable 
4 
7 
31 
35 
38 
40 
4 
developable 
6 
9 
32 
36 
42 
44 
5 
Two undevelopable 
8 
11 
45 
50 
55 
60 
6 
developable 
10 
13 
65 
70 
75 
80 
7 
Three undevelopable 
12 
15 
46 
51 
56 
61 
8 
developable 
14 
17 
66 
71 
76 
81 
9 
Four undevelopable 
16 
19 
47 
52 
55 
62 
10 
developable 
18 
21 
67 
72 
77 
82 
11 
Five irrational
undevelopable 
20 
23 
48 
53 
58 
63 
12 
developable 
22 
25 
68 
73 
78 
83 
13 
rational
undevelopable 
24 
27 
49 
54 
59 
64 
14 
developable 
26 
29 
69 
74 
79 
84 
From
Chart note the following :
(1). The ratio of maximum to minimum in Upapada
is (Innumerable part of a Palya)
except
for the one=sensed fine completely undevelopable souls where it is (Innumerable
part of a Palya) ;
in Ekantanu vriddhi is
(Innumerable part of of a Palya),
except
for onesensed fine incompletely undevelopable and gross incompletely
undevelopable souls, for which it is (Innumerable part of a Palya) ; and in
Parinama is (Innumerable part of a Palya)5 ,
except
for onesensed souls for which it is Innumerable part of a Palya.
The
maximum birth vibratory division of a 5sensed rational developable soul is
Innumerable part of a Palya times the minimum increasing vibratory division of
a onesensed the fine completely undevelopable soul.
Note
that in the Chart above undevelopable means completely undevelopable and
developable includes potentially developable.
Ͼֹ ־֤ӟ־ l
ִֵ ־ Ͻע ll 242
ll
Ͼָ֟ ־
֤֭֯֟־۬ãִ֭֭ l
ִֵ ־ : ָ ־֤ ן ll
242 ll
24:2.
The minimum and maximum duration of the continuing of a birth or increasing
vibratory division is one instant. And of the others (i. e. of changing
vibratory divisions) is (two) to 8 instants.
Commentary.
This
is evident because the birth vibratory division is confined to the first
instant of the birth; and an increasing vibratory division also lasts for one
instant, because there is an increase in it every instant. A changing vibratory
division lasts at least for 2 instants and its maximum duration is 8 instants.
Ͻִֵ ֵפ
ӏא֤ l
ִֵע ظ ןִֵ֤֕ꐐ ll
243 ll
ִֵõ ß ֵפֵׯ
ӏӐ֟: l
֟:ִֵ ן ֣ סִֵֵ: ll
243 ll
243.
(The changing vibratory divisions which have the maximum duration) of 8 instants
are the fewest. And on both the sides of this duration up to (the vibrations
which last for) four instants, (each division has) an innumerable times of the
preceding one. And above that (are) the vibratory divisions, (the duration of
which is) three or two instants.
Chart of vibrations like a
barley.
2 instants vibrations.
3 instants vibrations.
4 instants vibrations.
5 instants vibrations.
6 instants vibrations.
7 instants vibrations.
8 instants vibrations.
7 instants vibrations.
6 instants vibrations.
5 instants vibrations.
4 instants vibrations.
֕ ߾ ֵ֟ ߋ֍֕ l
ֻ֤ ֻ ll
244 ll
֬ ߾ ֵ֡ ֿ߭֍ֵ㌟: l
Ϭßֵֻֿ֭ ֻ֍
ֿ֍ : ll 244 ll
244.
In the middle, the (mobile developable) souls (are) many. On both sides, they
are less by a gradually decreasing common difference. The number of the upper series
(Shahikas) is greater than thet of the lower Gunahani series (Shalakas); (but
in the lower series the common difference is greater than in the upper). (See
note to Gathas 245246.)
ןֵ
֤־ָ ִִֵꋋ l
߾֕־ ֲֵ־ פ ֢ ll 245 ll
ִֵ֡֬ֈ֤־ָ
ہˋִִֵֵ֭ꭵִ l
߾ֵ־ ֿ֟֟֫ؾֿן: ־ן סӿ֟
ll 245 ll
֢ ן ϛ Ͻ ֤ ֢
l
؍ןֳו֤ ־ ־ ֕
ll 246 ll
֟ ֳ ֿ: ֘ ֿ֟
ءֿ֟ l
֤ۘסֳו֟
־ִִ֬ ll 246 ll
24546. In (this arrangement of) the souls in
(the form of) a barley grain, (suppose) the three things (i.e., the total
number of mobile developable souls, of their changing vibratory places,
Parinama or Ghatmana Yoga Sthana, and of Gunahani Ayama, i.e., places in one of
the series into which all the changing vibratory places are divided) to be
1422, 32, and 4 respectively; and the number of the lower and upper series
(Nana Gunahani) (to be) 3 and 5 (respectively); and the (total of) the two
(i.e., lower and upper) Gunahanis (is) 8; and the Anyonyabhyasta Rashi of the
two is (2^{3}+2^{5} i.e.,) 8+ 32, i. e., 40. The total (Dravya
= Dhana = given sum) by being divided a little less than 3 times the number of
Gunahani (in a Series is the number of the souls) in the middle of the barley
grain.
________________
Chart for the above.
Name of series or Gunahani. 
Serial No. of places 
Number of souls in each place 
Common difference. 
Total of each Gunahani. 
Upper 5^{th} 
1 2 3 4 
5 6 7 8 
1 
26 
Upper 4^{th} 
5 6 7 8 
10 12 14 16 
2 
52 
Upper 3^{rd} 
9 10 11 12 
20 24 28 32 
4 
104 
Upper 2^{nd} 
13 14 15 16 
40 48 56 64 
8 
208 
Upper 1^{st} 
17 18 19 20 
80 96 112 128 


Upper 1^{st} 
21 22 23 24 
112 96 80 64 
16 
352 
Lower 2^{nd} 
25 26 27 28 
56 48 40 32 
8 
176 
Lower 3^{rd} 
29 30 31 32 
28 24 20 16 
4 
88 
Total number of souls is 1422.
In the above chart it will be
seen that it is an illustration for the greater or lesser number of mobile
developable souls in the different changing vibratory places or divisions :
Let the total number of
souls=1422; of divisions=32;
Nana Gunahani or number of
series=8;
1 Gunahani or 1 of the series=4
divisions.
Of Nana Gunahanis, 3 are lower,
and 3 are upper.
Therefore their Anyonyabhyasta
Rashi respectivelyare 2^{3} and 2^{5} or 8 + 32 i. e., 40 in
all.
In the middle of these 2
Gunahanis there is the 20th vibratory division. The number of souls will be
greatest in it. In the barley like shape, it will be the middle part.
According to Gatha, 3 x 4
(division)=12.
A
little less= 54 as per commentary.
64
57 711 1422
x 64
Then 1422 /( 12  ) =1422 /
 =  =128.
64 54 711
This 128 /
twice the Gunahanis or (2 x 4 i. e., ) 8 16, gives the common difference for
this 1st Gunahaui.
Then
the numbers gained are 128, 112, 96, and 80.
Total=416
in the 1st Gunahani.
The
other 4 upper Gunahanis will each be half of the preceding
i.e., 416
of the 1st.
208
" 2nd.
104
" 3rd.
52 " 4th.
26 " 5th.
Similarly
the common difference will also be the half of the preceding,
i.
e., 16
of the 1st.
8
" 2nd,
4
" 3rd.
2 " 4th.
1 " 5th.
Similarly the lower 3 Gunahanis.
This chart shows that mobile
developable souls of the middle changing vibratory divisions are the greatest
of all in number, of course this middle means middle or the fattest part of the
barley like shape.
㋋֚֟֕
sӏsӲ l
״אֳ
־֤ ֵ֤־ָ ll 247 ll
ԡֵã֭
ӏõ֏ֲ l
ִ
ֵ֤־ָ: ll 247 ll
247. (All) the mobile developable (souls), (all their changing)
vibratory divisions, half of the many parts (i. e., all but one part) of an
innumerable (part) of an innumerable (part) of the (number of) halvings (Ardha
Chheda of a Palya), and the (other) half and the (remaining) one part, (are
respectively), (the actual number) of the two, total (of souls Dravya, changing
vibratory diyisions) and the two (i. e., lower and upper) series, (which in the
example taken above were represented by 1422, 32, 3 and 5 respectively).
ֻ
ӏꕕֳִ l
ֳ
־֣֟ פ ll ll 248 ll
ֻֿ֭:
ӏֳִ֡: l
ִ֭֭߭֬
־ԡׯ ־ן ֥ ll 248 ll
248. The number of Nana Gunahani (i. e., all the
lower and upper series is) equal to an innumerable part of (the number of)
halvings; Ardha Chheda of a Palya). And (the number of) Gunahani Ayama(i. e.,
the number of terms in a series) is the same all over.
ϋꋋ֤
ֻӏꕕֳִ l
½ָߤ
ۻִӏӐ֤ ll 249 ll
ϭꭵָ֟:
ֻӏ :֡ l
Ϭßָ֭֟: :
ִӏ֟Ӑִ֟ ll 249 ll
249. (The ratio of the two) Anyonyabhyasta Rashi is equal to the
innumerable part of a Palya, i.e., the upper is an innumerable times of the
lower (Anyonya bhyasta Rashi).
א֚l
ֲִֵ֯֬ ־ l
ֲִֵֵּ֯֬
ֱִlև ll 2502 ll
ã֭֯֬
ִ֯ϲ֬ ־۬ l
ִֵ֯ϲֵ֣֬Դ
ϴֱꓔ: ll 250 ll
250. To find out the common difference (chaya) between the units of
bondage (Samaya Prabadha) (in the same instant) in two consecutive vibratory
places (Yoga Sthanas we apply the rule of three by saying that when) the
Spardhakas of one (i. e., the minimum changing vibratory) place (of a 2sensed
developable (make) one unit of bondage, then (what will be the increase in the
unit of bondage) corresponding to a (given) increase of vibration (from one
place to another). The (three given number are respectively called) Pramana
(Rashi), Phala (Rashi), and Ichchha (Rashi).
߇פ֤֯֕֙
֯㋋ l
ֽע
ֽ ll 251 ll
ֵۭ֯ԯ֑֭֕ã֭֟
ז֯拸õ l
ã֭״ן
ã֭ 鬤 ll 251 ll
251. From the minimum (changing vibratory) place of a twosensed
developable to the maximum (changing vibratory place) of a (fivesensed)
rational developable, the vibratory places gradually increase (at an uniform
rate).
לӏꕕפ
ן l
Ӑ l ӏֳ
כ l ll 252 ll
ꋵӏִ
õ ֑֭õ ñ ־֟ l
ϛӏֳ֍
ã֭ ן ï֬ 鬤 ll 252 ll
252.
The Spardhakas of the minimum (changing vibratory place) of that (i. e.,
2sensed developable) are an innumerable part of the basic line (of universe).
And with each place the Spardhakas increase by an innumerable part of a
(linear) finger.
־߾
ֵӟ l
ֻ֓sӏꕕפ פ ll 253 ll
־۬֬Դ֭
ֵ֭ l
ָ
ֻ֓ӏִ ־ן ll 253 ll
253. By these uniform increases going on gradually, (at some place the
Spardhakas become) double (of those in the minimum); (and again at a further
place) double (of these double and so on); till in the end (i. e., at the
maximum place their number is) (the number of minimum place) multiplied by an
innumerable part of (the number of) halvings (Ardhachheda) of a Palya.
֤ ӟ 㬤
כ ӕ ֯֝ l
לӏە
ֽ֝ Ӹָ ll 254 ll
֤ ϭ 㬤
۬ ӵ ã֭ l
ꋵӏִ
ã֭ ָָ֟ ll 254 ll
254. (The number of) the 1st
being subtracted from that of the last and the (remainder) being divided by the
(uniform) increase plus one (gives the total number of) the places. And these
continuous vibratory places (are) an innumerable part of the (basic) line (of
the universe).
ӟָ
֤ӏꕕפ ӏֳ l
ӟӸָ
־ם ֚ ll 255 ll
ָ֟ם ֤ӏִ
ӏ l
ָָָ֭֟֟ׯ
־ԋׯ ã֭ ll 255 ll
255. The intervening (vibratory places are) an innumerable part of that
(i. e.. the total continuous places) (and they are) also (a minor kind of) an
innumerable part of (the basic) line (of universe). And these places with interval,
without interval (and mixed) (are each an innumerable part of the basic line
of universe). And the total (of the three) also (is an innumerable part of the
basic line of universe).
Commetary.
This
is so because there are many different kinds of innumerabIes.
״ֵ֢֕
֜ ll
֢֕֯ؓפ
פ ll 256 ll
斴ֵ֯ԯ֍õ
ׯִ ֑֭֍ : l
ֵԯזۭ֯֘֘õ
־ן ll 256 ll
256. The minimum (birth) vibratory (place) (is the vibratory place) in
the first instant of (the last of 6012 mean births of) a fine common
(completely) undevelopable (soul).
And the maximum is (the maximum
changing vibratory place) of a fivesensed rational developable (soul).
Commentary.
See
the chart to Gatha 241, number 1 is the minimum and number 84 is the maximum
as said above.

(The causes of the 4 kinds of
Bondage).
ֵכ֤ ךפ ֵ֤ ן
l
ϯ֤ۓ Ӭיפָ ۟
ll 257 ll
֟ύן֯Ϥ ã֭֟ ֵ֟
־֟: l
ϯ֟ۓ
֭: ãן֍ָ ß ll 257 ll