discourse is in progress in the temple. The preacher is speaking and
the listeners are hearing attentively.)
- All the creatures of this world like to be happy and are
afraid of grief. They try their best to save themselves from this
grief, but they do not know the correct remedy of getting rid of
grief and so they remain unhappy.
-Then what is the real remedy of saving oneself from grief'?
-To understand the soul and absorb ourselves therein is the real
remedy and in fact that is our essential duty.
-You have begun to talk of the monks. What should we
householders do to gain true happiness?
-Remedy to destroy grief and obtain real happiness is common to all.
It is another thing that monks by dint of their strong determination
achieve greater happiness and householders according to their
background achieve partial happiness.
with true faith, who treads over this path, has auspicious
inclinations also along with the essentials associated with partial
sublimation. These are called external essentials. They are six in
kind : (1) worship of God (2) devotion towards the monk (3)
self-study (4) abstinence (5) penance and (6) charity.
- Please explain these in brief.
- The partial purity of the householder with true faith is real
psychic worship of God and recitation of his qualities after
comprehending the real nature of God is external worship. The
householder worships God, offering eight substances, reflecting upon
the great attributes of non-attachment, omniscience and other
perfect qualities and that is called external worship.
purity of the householder having right faith is psychic devotion
towards the monks and to reflect upon the attributes of the monks
after understanding their real nature is their external devotion.
You have been told before that the Arahantas and the Siddhas are
called Gods, while the Acharyas, Upadhyayas and Sadhus are all
befitting the householder with faith, is psychic self-study and to
study the scriptures expounding the fundamentals of Jainism and
to reflect upon them is external self-study.
- So 1 have known the three essentials. What are the other three?
- Partial purity of the soul befitting a householder with real faith
is psychic abstinence and its accompaniments of non-violence and
control of senses are external abstinence.
The partial purity
of the soul of the householder i.e. the avoidance of merits and
demerits is psychic penance and the consequent auspicious
inclinations for fasting etc. are external penance.
purity, suitable to the householder, is psychic charity i.e. giving
purity to our own beings and to give money etc. to others that is
for the good of the giver and those who receive these, is external
charity. It is of four kinds : (i) gift of food (ii) gift of
knowledge (iii) gift of medicines and (iv) gift of fearlessness.
- What is the difference between the psychic essentials and the
- Psychic essentials are pure religious tendencies that remove
bondage, and external essentials are causes of merit bondage.
Psychic essentials are of those householders alone, who have real
consciousness. Desire to worship God and perform other essentials
also arise in the minds of householder, not having real
consciousness. On account of mild passions and merits, such
householders have merit bondage, but that is not real religion of
If you preach like that, householders not having correct
consciousness will discard the essentials like worship of God etc.
- Expounding religious truths is for the upliftment of the soul. If
people discard essentials like worship of God and tread on wrong
paths, they will face demerits. Therefore, it is not desirable to
stop worship of God etc.
Dr. H.C. Bharill