and The Supreme Soul
- Oh my spiritual preceptor! Please explain me the nature of the
soul and the supreme soul. You told us yesterday that the soul is
unhappy, having forgotten itself.
- Oh Prabhakar Bhatta, disciples like you alone have the craving
to know the secrets of the soul. Those who hear about the nature of
this sentient soul with joy, attain complete liberation of the soul,
in a short time. There is no other reality than the knowledge of the
self. The sentient living substance is the soul. From the point of
view of different manifestations it is of three kinds- 1. Extrovert
2. Introvert 3. Supreme Soul.
- Who is an extrovert ?
- One regarding one's body as one's soul and
accepting other objects and attachments as one's own is an
extrovert. He is ignorant and devoid of the consciousness of the
Because he regards
other objects as one with his soul, he is called an extrovert. Since
infinity, this being has been regarding the birth of the body as the
birth of the soul and its demise as its death. Those related to his
body are regarded as his own. As long as this mistake continues,
that being is called an extrovert or a being with wrong faith.
We should discard the state of an extrovert. This is alright,
- One should become an introvert discarding the state of an
extrovert. One who accepts and experiences the soul as distinct from
body, and other such like things and knows it as sentient and
blissful by virtue of the power of making distinctions is an
introvert. That sentient being alone is an introvert. Accepting the
soul alone as his own and no other material object or idea, he is
regarded as an introvert. The introverts are of three kinds - (i)
the high introvert (ii) the medium introvert and (iii) the low
Devoid of all
external and internal possessions, passionless monks engaged in the
pursuit of self (in the twelfth scale of spiritual progress) are the
high introverts. Beings having correct faith, but without any
specific vows of conduct, in the fourth scale of the pursuit of the
soul are the low introverts. Midway between the monks and the
householders of the fifth scale having some vows are the medium
- What are the merits of being an introvert ?
- This very introvert, leaving the household, adopts
monkhood with all inclinations towards the spiritual pursuit, trying
to realise the self, attains Godhood and accomplishes infinite
perception, infinite consciousness, infinite bliss and infinite
strength. It means this introvert, by dint of personal effort
- What are the merits of Godhood ?
- Every soul wants to be happy. Bereft of all
restlessness, God is infinitely happy. Gods are of two kinds : (i)
Gods having human form and (ii) Gods without any form.
who have eliminated the four destructive karmas are Gods with human
form, and those that have no karmas left and no forms are the
Siddhas i.e. the completely liberated souls. Extroverts are treading
upon the worldly path, and, therefore, their position is undesirable
altogether. Introvert is on the path to liberation and as such, his
position is, from some point of view, desirable. Godhood, being
above sensual attachments and full of bliss, without the existence
of senses, is all desirable.
therefore, wilfully discard the state of an extrovert and becoming
an introvert attain the status of supreme Godhood.
Dr. H.C. Bharill