SINS(12 to 18)
So far, we have discussed the first
eleven sinful activities including, Violence (Pranatipata), Untruth (Mrushavada),
Theft (Adattadan), Unchaste (Maithun), Possessiveness (Parigraha), Anger (Krodh),
Arrogance (Mana), Deceit (Maya), Greed (Lobh), Attachment (Rag), and
Hatred (Dwesh) in the last two chapters. We are going to discuss the rest
of the seven sinful activities in this chapter.
It means to fight. Most of the time, if we do not agree with others, the
first thing we do is to fight. Many people fight even for a trivial
matter. Sometimes, it may seem that we win by fighting, but we lose in the
long run. Frustration or anger are the cause for fighting. We should not
forget that fighting breaks up even a good friendship. Therefore, we
should learn to let go and believe in forgiveness.
Making false accusations on somebody is called abhyakhyan. Some persons
cannot accept their losses and blame others for it even when the others
are not at fault. When people find out the truth, they are going to lose
trust in these people. Therefore, before accusing anyone, we should ask
ourselves, "What is the truth and why am I looking for the short term
gain?" No wise person will do this. Therefore, accept the truth and live
by that even though sometime it may not be in our favor.
Paishunya: Talking behind someoneís back or spreading rumors are all known
as paishunya. Many people try to look smart by spreading rumors about
others. This is a wrong habit which leads to the unnecessary friction and
the quarrels. This takes time away from constructive activities. Instead
of indulging in the gossip, we should form the habit of appreciating
It is formed of two words. 1) Par means the other person and 2) parivada
means to criticize. Many people do nothing but criticize others. Instead
of admiring others, they always find faults instead. If criticism is done
with the good intention of improvement cause, then it is considered
positive or constructive criticism, and that is welcome. But if the
criticism is done to put down others, then it is considered negative
criticism and it should be avoided. It creates unnecessary friction,
cultivates anger in the people, and can lead to unfortunate events.
Rati-arati: Rati means liking, while arati means disliking. When a friend
comes to our house, we like him, but on the other side if a funny looking
stranger comes to our door we dislike him. This liking or disliking seems
to be a natural response but we should not forget that they can bring the
feeling of attachment or hatred in our minds. Therefore, even though our
expressions may look innocent, we should be careful about them and try to
Maya-mrushavada -Telling a malicious lie is called maya mrushavada. As
such any lie is bad, but when it is done with the malice it is even worst.
Malicious behavior causes nothing, but quarrel and friction. Not only
should we avoid such habits, but we should stay away from those who have
such habits. Instead of being vicious, we should be kind to the others.
Mithya-darshan-shalya: This word is combination of three words. 1) mithya
means false, 2) darshan means the faith, and 3) shalya means a thorn. This
means to believe in a false faith is a thorn. We know thorn never gives
pleasure, but rather they always hurt. In the same way, keeping faith in a
false belief will lead us to nothing but sufferings. False beliefs can
start from believing in false teachers, false religions and false gods.
False teachers are those who do not believe in the five major vows as
prescribed by the Jinas. They promote violence, lying, stealing, immoral
sensual activities, and possessiveness. These activities will bring our
downfall. In the same way, false religions will promote teaching opposite
of what the Jinas have taught. False religions would promote violence,
anger, ego, deceit, and greed. They will nourish attachment and hatred.
Therefore, that will be bad for us. In the same way, false god would be
the one who is tinted with attachment and hatred. When someone is biased,
he cannot give proper advice. But Jinas do not have any attachment or
hatred; therefore, they do not expect anything from what they advise.
There is no reason for them to give us any advice that will hurt us. They
reached the higher state by following the same path they have shown us.
They have taught us that we are our own savior, and only we can save
ourselves. Thus, we should have faith in the right teachers, the right
religion, and the right god if we want to stay away from the troubles.
So, from the discussion in the last
three chapters, we can realize that any of these 18 types of sinful
activities are harmful. As long as we are living, we are bound to
undertake some of these activities, but we should be careful and replace
the sinful activities with good activities to minimize harm to our souls.
If we have to get involved in any sinful activity due to the unavoidable
circumstances, then we should do it with regret, and repent for doing such
acts but never enjoy doing it.