Eight type of pride renders the following consequences : Desirous of royal
happiness has to face an ordeal through very strict meditation. Such souls
are reborn in the various species of birds men with the pride of high
caste, are reborn as insects and worms. The pride for the noble family
becomes the cause of rebirth in the body of a fox. The proud of beauty are
reborn as camels. The proud of power have to be reborn as butter flies.
The proud of intelligence are born again as goats. The proud of prosperity
have to be reborn as dogs. The proud of fortune are reborn as snakes,
crows and so on. The proud of gains are reborn as oxen. Thus out of pride
of eight kinds the cursed souls are reborn in various species of
There was a king named Ratnasara in Nandipura.
Like a cloud he was watering the creepers
of morality i.e. ruling with moral principles and solving the problems of
all the hardships of the subject.
King Ratnasara had a
loving wife named Premalata like a creeper of love herself. Once a soul
entered into her embryo (i.e. she conceived).
the presence of the soul in her embry the queen Premalata felt desire to
kill the king - to steal, to cheat, to hang - some one and such other
The queen Premalata having born a child secretly
deserted it out side the town, but due to stronger longevity the child did
Some merciful merchant saw the child and
brought it home. Then he handed it over to his wife
and she nursed the child.
Because of having found
deserted the foster father purposely named him Ujjhita. He gradually
grew five-six years old.
I am wise, knowledgeable, rich
and strong. Before me, all these people are like poor servants; with this
amount of pride he used to look at the three worlds as piffle and being
stauch and strong like a mountain and a pillar, he used to pass his days.
That rude and arrogant Ujjhita like a leader of rascals did not bow down
to his parents, gods and teacher. He remained engrossed all the while in
Once the father said to Ujjhita, Son ! go
to school. Learn books. Leave cheating. Be modest to
Father ! I am already an erudite person.
What would I gain by paining my throat ? What that poor teacher would
teach me ?
Son ! this is tradition of merchants. Thus
(with) sweet speech of persuasion, he sent the son to school. There he
Once Ujjhita commited an offence. So
the art-teacher slapped him. Immediately, in turn, he said to the teacher,
"Oh beggar ! Don't you know me ?"
What is the use of
your teaching ? Saying such he suddenly got up and gave a slap on the face
of the teacher.
That wicked Ujjhita holding the hair,
dashed the teacher down on the ground, from his high position; what is
wrong for the wicked to do ?
On having known of the
fact, the king called Ujjhita and said, "Oh fool ! why did you beat your
That wicked Ujjhita taking his eyebrous up
said arrogantly to the king, "That beggar is a little educated, then what
is wrong in beating him ?
"If anyone else humiliates me
this way, he too will be paid in the same coin (taste the same fruit.)" He
uttered fearlessly and arrogantly to the King.
being angry and catching him by neck exiled him from the town, but out of
fear of infanticide he did not kill Ujjhita.
people, look at the result of the pride received, in the form of
separation from the relatives, an insult by the ruler and banishment to
the wilderness in this life itself.
As the sovereign is
the supreme among men and Indra is the supreme among all gods, so modesty
is the best of all the virtues.
Then that boy Ujjhita
also wandering in the dangerous forests came to a hermitage crowded with
That rude boy Ujjhita sat down
stretching his legs before the hermits without bowing them. Even the
hermits asked him not to sit that way.
On hearing the
hermits words Ujjhita got angry and immediately left the hermitage and to
wander in the forest he saw a lion.
The lion too roaring
horribly and raising the tail dashed against Ujjhita. On that point angry
and arrogant Ujjhita began to think.
Oh who is this
beast ? Should I run away on seeing such an ordinary animal ? The people
mock at me believing me got afraid of this ordinary beast, if I flee from
Thinking thus, Ujjhitakumara did not flee from the
lion and the lion attacked and killed him. It is said in the sacred text
that a lion devours men.
Then Ujjhita was reborn as a
donkey and then as a camel and at last as a horse. Then again he was born
as a son of a priest in the same city.
mastered all the sciences expired and by dint of pride, was born as a
mariner in the same city.
As the priest looked at the
mariner, he became more and more attached to him. The reason is
: love and hatred of the previous life are difficult to be forsaken.
One day the priest asked the visitor spiritualist the reason for such an
affection towards the mariner. Then the ascetic explained.
The wise monk narrated the whole life-sketch developed out of pride right
from the beginning.
Which scholars, in this world, are not afflicted by pride ?
On hearing the speech from the learned monk the priest got detached from
the world life and having taken initiation from the monk attained
Ujjhita also being initiated by the teachers
to Jainism presenting salvation, attained his goal. Therefore man, do not
respect your ego, the seed of worldly life.