Muttanam-moyaganam means ï¿½One who becomes free and
makes others free' - such is the description of the souls like the great
Mahavira. After thirty long years of wanderings for the spread of the
gospel of non-violence and peace, the master spent his last ï¿½Caturmasa'
(four months of say for rainy season) at Pavapuri. It is in this way that
his initial second discourse was fruitful and he started his march of
victory. Three months of his four monthly stay were over and the end of
the dark half of the month of kartika was coming near. The master saw that
it was the time for his soul to leave the last of its earthly connections.
At that time (according to kalpasutra) eighteen confederate kings of Kasa
and Kosala, nine Licchavis, and nine Mallas and many others had gathered
for his Darsana. Before his (Nirvana) the master gave his last discourse
showing how sinful life ends in a series of painful events, and how the
life devoted to virtues like non-violence and truth ends in peace,
tranquility and happiness. Ganadhara Sudharma who survived the master has
recorded this discourse in the scripture called ï¿½Uttaradhyayana-sutra'.
The master was conscious of the attachment which
Indra-bhuti Gautam, his principle disciple, had for him. He wanted Gautam
to shed away this attachment, an obstacle to his attainment of Kaivalya.
He therefore, sent Gautam away on a mission so that he may not witness his
After finishing his last discourse the master went into
final meditation called ï¿½Sukla Dhyana' and gave up his mortal frame after
midnight of the last day of the dark half of the month of kartika. The
assemblage of kings and others, gathered there declared: "Since the light
of intelligence is gone, let there be an illumination of the material
matter." Thence for wards it became the day of illumination- the day
called Dipavali- to commemorate the illumination of knowledge made in the
psyche of contemporary Indian society. The grateful nation still
commemorates this day as the day of illumination, the Dipavali day when
every hut and palace in every corner of India is illuminated with lights.
It is this light of non-violence and truth which inspired, the father of
our nation Mahatma Gandhi who carried the torch of illumination ever to
the murky field of politics.