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Chapter 6

INFLUX OF KARMIC MATTER

dk;&ok�~&eu% deZ ;ksx%AA 1AA

Kaya-van-manah karma yogah

_The action of the body, the speech organ and the mind is called yoga (activity).

   

l vklzo%AA 2AA

Sa asravah

_These three types of yogo cause vibration/throbbing in the space points of soul resulting in influx (asrava) i.e. incoming of karmas.

   

 ‘kqHk% iq.;L;k’kqHk% ikiL;AA 3AA

Shubhah punyasyashubhah papasya

_Influx is of two types-the good and the evil caused by virtuous and wicked yoga respectively. Influx of good karmas help purify the soul while the influx of evil karmas take the soul away from its purification.

   

ld”kk;kd”kk;;ks% lkaijkf;ds;kZiFk;ks%AA 4AA

Sakashayakashayayoh samparayikeryapathayoh

_There are two kinds of influx, namely samparayik influx caused to persons with passions, which extends transmigration, and iryapath influx caused to persons free from passions, which prevents or shortens transmigration.

   

bfUnz;&d”kk;kozrf�;k% iap&prq% iap&

iapfoa’kfr&la[;k% iwoZL; Hksnk%AA 5A

Indriya-kashayavratakriyah pancha-chatuh

 pancha-panchavinshati-sankhyah purvasya bhedah

_The subdivisions of the samparayik influx are the five senses (touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing), the four passions (anger, pride, deceit fulness and greed), non-observance of the five vows (killing, uttering falsehood, stealing, unchastity and attachment) and the following twenty-five activities: (1) Samyaktva-kriya (actions which stregthen right faith, such as worship true God, true preceptors and reading etc. true scriptures) (2) Mithyatva-kriya (worship of false God, false preceptor and reading etc. of untrue scriptures etc.) (3) Prayoga-kriya (going and returning) (4) Samadan-kriya (neglect of vows) (5) Iryapath-kriya (walking carefully looking on the ground) (6) Pradoshiki-kriya (blaming others in anger) (7) Kayiki-Kriya (act in wicked ways) (8) Adhikaran-kriya (keeping arms and amunition) (9) Paritapiki-kriya (causing pain to the living beings) (10) Pranitipatiki kriya (taking away life, senses, energy and respiration) (11) Darshan-kriya (infatuation to see beautiful forms) (12) Sparshan-kriya (pleasurable touch sensation due to passion for sex) (13) Pratyayiki-kriya (make available novel equipment for voilence etc.) (14) Samantanupat-kriya (shitting and urinating at the places where animals and humas go, come, sit etc.) (15) Anabhoga-kriya (putting things on the ground or lying/sitting on the ground without looking at the ground) (16) Svahasta-kriya (to do work meant to be done by others on account of greed) (17) Nisarga-kriya (approve or appreciate injurious or unrighteous activities) (18) Vidaran-kriya (proclaiming others' sins) (19) Agya-Vyapadiki-kriya (mis-interpreting the injunctions laid down in the scriptures) (20) Anakanksha-kriya (indifference to injunctions laid down in the scriptures) (21) Prarambha-kriya (feeling delighted or indulgence in piercing, hewing, slaughtering etc. of living beings) (22) Parigrahiki-kriya (preserving attachment to worldly objects) (23) Maya-kriya (deceitful practice with regard to knowledge, faith, conduct etc.) (24) Mithyadarshan-kriya (confirming wrong belief by praising another person's wrong belief) (25) Apratyakhyana-kriya (not renouncing what can be renounced).  

  rhoz&eUn&KkrkKkr&Hkkokf/kdj.k&oh;Z& fo’ks”ksH;Lrn~fo’ks”k%AA 6AA

Tivra-manda-gyatagyata-bhavadhikarana-virya-visheshe-bhyastadvisheshah

_Influx is differentiated on the basis of intensity or feebleness of thought-activity, intentional or unintentional nature of action, the substratum and its peculiar potency.

   

vf/kdj.ka thokthok%AA 7AA

Adhikaranam jivajivah

_The living and the non-living constitute the substrata.

   

vk|a lajEHk&lekjEHkk&jEHk&;ksx&d‘r&
dkfjrkuqer&

d”kk;&fo’ks”kS&fL=fL=fL=& ‘prq’pSd’k%AA 8AA

Adyam samrambha-samarambha-rambha-yoga-krta-

karitanumata-kasaya-visheshai-stristristri-shchatushchaikashah

_The substratum of the living is of 108 kinds made up of three stages (try to do, make arrangements and start to do) multiplied by three yoga (mind, speach and body) multiplied by three ways (do, get it done or approve others do) multiplied by four passions (anger, pride, deceitfulness and greed).  

  fuoZrZuk&fu{ksi&la;ksx&fulxkZ f}&prq&f}Z&f=Hksnk% ije~AA 9AA

Nirvartana-nikshepa-sanyoga-nisarga

 dvi-chatu-rdvi-tribhedah param

_Substratum of non-living for influx is of eleven kinds - two production or performance (primary-body, speach, mind, inhalation and exhalation; and secondary-making objects of wood, clay, etc or making pictures), four kinds of placing (placing on the floor without seeing, without cleaning, in a hurry and any where without care), two combining/mixing (food/drink etc. and any other item) and three urging or behaviour (urging the body, speach and mind to act).

   

rRiznks”k&fu�uo&ekRl;kZUrjk;klknuks& 

i?kkrk Kku&n’kZukoj.k;ks%AA 10AA

Tatpradosha-nihnava-matsaryantarayasadano-

paghata gyana-darsanavaranayoh

_Spite against knowledge, concealment of knowledge, non-imparting of knowledge out of envy, causing impediment to acquisition of knowledge, disregard of knowle-dge and disparagement of true knowledge, lead to the influx of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.

   

nq%[k&’kksd&rkik�Unu&o/k&ifjnsoukU;k& 

ReijksHk;&LFkkU;&l}s|L;AA 11AA

Duhkha-shoka-tapakrandana-vadha-paridevananya-

tmaparobhaya-sthanya-sadvedyasya

_Suffering, sorrow, agony, moaning, injury and lamentation, in oneself, in others or in both, lead to the influx of karmas which cuase unpleasant feeling.  

  Hkwr&ozR;uqdEik&nku&ljkxla;ekfn&

;ksx% {kkfUr% ‘kkSpfefr l}s|L;AA 12A

Bhuta-vratyanukampa-dana-saragasanyamadi-

yogah kshantih shauchamiti sadvedyasya

_Compassion towards living beings in general and the devout in particular, charity, asceticism with attachment, restraint-cum-non-restraint, involuntary dissociation of karmas without effort, austerities not based on right knowledge, contemplation, equanimity, freedom from greed_these lead to the influx of karmas that cause pleasant feeling.

   

dsofy&Jqr&la?k&/keZ&nsoko.kZoknks
n’kZueksgL;AA
13AA

Kevali-shruta-sangha-dharma-

devavarnavado darsanamohasya

_Attributing faults to the omniscient, the scriptures, the congregation of ascetics, the true religion and the celestial beings, leads to the influx of faith-deluding karmas.

   

d”kk;ksn;k�khoz&ifj.kke&’pkfj=&eksgL;AA 14AA

Kashayodayattivra-parinama-shcharitra-mohasya

_Intense feelings induced by the rise of the passions cause the influx of the conduct-deluding karmas.

   

c�kjEHkifjxzgRoa ukjdL;k;q”k%AA 15AA

Bahvarambhaparigrahatvam narakasyayushah

_Excessive infliction of injury or pain (domestic works) and excessive attachment cause the influx of karma which leads to life in the infernal regions.

   

ek;k rS;ZX;ksuL;AA 16AA

Maya tairyagyonasya

_Deceitfulness causes the influx of life-karma leading to the animal, world and immobile life.

   

vYikjEHk&ifjxzgRoa ekuq”kL;AA 17AA

Alparambha-parigrahatvam manushasya

_Little infliction of injury or pain (domestic works) and little attachment cause the influx of life-karma that leads to human life.

   

LoHkkoeknZoa pAA 18AA

Svabhavamardavam cha

_Natural mildness also leads to the same influx.

   

fu’’khyozrRoa p losZ”kke~AA 19AA

Nishshilavratatvam cha sarvesham

_Non-observance of supple-mentary vows, vows, etc. causes the influx of life-karmas leading to birth among all the four kinds of beings (conditions of existence).

   

ljkxla;e&la;ekla;ekdkefutZjk&
ckyrikafl nsoL;AA
20AA

Saragasanyama-sanyamasanyamakamanirjara-

balatapansi daivasya

_Restraint with attachment, restraint-cum-non-restraint, involuntary dissociation of karmas and austerities accompanied by perverted faith, cause the influx of life-karmas leading to celestial birth.

   

lE;DRoa pAA 21AA

Samyaktvam cha

_Right belief also is the cause of influx of life-karma leading to celestial birth in the Heavens.

 

;ksxo�rk folaoknua pk’kqHkL; ukEu%AA 22AA

                    Yogavakrata visamvadanam chashubhasya namnah

_Crooked and deceptive actions of mind, speach and body, and criticising the right actions and prompting for wrong actions cause the influx of inauspicious physique-making karmas.

   

rf}ijhra ‘kqHkL;AA 23AA

Tadviparitam subhasya

_The opposites of these (namely straightforward activity and honestry or candour) cause the influx of auspicious physique-making karmas.

   

n’kZufo’kqf)foZu;lEiUurk&’khyozrs&
“ourhpkjks�Hkh{.k&Kkuksi;ksx&laosxkS ‘kfDrrLR;kx&rilh&lk/kqlekf/koSZ;k&o
`�;dj.kegZnkpk;Z&cgqJqr&izopu HkfDrjko’;&dkifjgkf.kekZxZizHkkouk&izopuoRlyRofefr rhFk�djRoL;AA
24AA

Darshanavishuddhirvinayasampannata shilavrate-shvanaticharo(a)bhikshna-gyanopayoga-sanvegau shaktitastyaga-tapasi- sadhusamadhirvaiya-

vrattyakaranamarhadacharya-bahushruta-pravachana bhaktiravashya-kaparihanirmargaprabhavana pravachanavatsalatvamiti tirthankaratvasya

_The influx of Tirthankara name-karma is caused by these sixteen observances, namely purity of right faith, reverence, observance of vows and supplementary vows without transgressions, ceaseless pursuit of knwoledge, perpetual fear of the cycle of existence, giving gifts (chairty) and practising austerities according to one's capacity, removal of obstacles that threaten the equanimity of ascetics, serving the religious minded by warding off evil or suffering, devotion to omniscient lords, chief preceptors, preceptors and the scriptures, practice of the six essential daily duties (worship omniscient, devotion to preceptor, study of scriptures, self restraint, austerity and charity), propagation of the teachings of the omniscient, and fervent affection for one's brethren following the same path.

   

ijkRefuUnkiz’kals lnln~xq.kksPNk&
nuksn~Hkkous p uhpSxksZ=L;AA
25AA

Paratmanindaprashanse sadasadgunochchhadanodbhavane cha nichairgotrasya

_Censuring others and praising oneself, concealing good qualities present in others and proclaiming noble qualities absent in oneself, cause the influx of karmas which lead to low status.  

  rf}i;Z;ks uhpSo‘ZR;uqRlsdkS
pks�kjL;AA
26AA

Tadviparyayau nichairvrtyanutsekau chottarasya

_The opposites of those mentioned in the previous sutra and humility and modesty cause the influx of karmas which determine high status.

   

fo?udj.keUrjk;L;AA 27AA

Vighnakaranamantarayasya

_Laying an obstacle in charity, gains, consumption and power of others is the cause of the influx of obstructive karmas.


INFLUX OF KARMIC MATTER

Yoga And Influx Of Karma.

The activity of body, speech and mind is called yoga.

Yoga causes the influx of karmic particles towards the soul of an individual.

Meritorious yoga results in the influx of good karma (6) and demeritorious yoga, in the influx of bad karma.

Living beings affected with passions, gain the influx of durable and mundane karmic particles while others have the influx of transient karmic particles.

Influx of mundane karmic particles results from:

Activities of five senses.

Four passions of anger, pride, deceit and greed.

Activities involving violence, untruth, stealing.

Impurity of body and mind (unchastity) and possessiveness.

Other similar activities.

The difference in the influx of karmic matter is caused by the intensity or mildness of passions, intentional or unintentional nature of the act, the living being and the environment, and the power to do the act.

The activities of body, speech and mind of the worldly souls, affected with passions of anger, pride, deceit and possessiveness, are the root cause of the influx of karmic particles.

Influx occurs when the individual decides to indulge in some activities, prepares to perform the activities and/or initiates the activities.

It makes little difference whether the individual performs the act himself, gets others to do the act or persuades others to perform the act.

 

Causes Of Influx Of Some Karmas:

The influx of unpleasant-feeling-producing karma is caused by suffering, sorrow, agony, crying, violence and lamentation, in oneself, in others or in both.

The influx of pleasant-feeling-producing karma is caused by feelings of compassion for all living beings, appreciation of votaries (those with vows), charity, self-control affected with the welfare of living beings, involuntary shedding of karmic particles, good conduct without proper knowledge, equanimity and nonpossessiveness.

Neglect of the principles propagated by the omniscient, of the scriptures, of religion and religious personages causes the influx of perception-deluding karma.

Feelings and emotions involving intense passions results in the influx of conduct-deluding karma.

Crooked activities of body, speech and mind, and wrangling lead to the influx of bad physique-determining karma.

Speaking ill of others, self-pride, concealing others' virtues and boasting of one's own good qualities leads to the influx of low status-determining karma.