Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions


I. Samayasara Samayaprabharitam
II. Soul and Non-soul (Jiva-Ajiva)
III. The Ethic of Action
IV. Demerit and Merit (Punya Papa)
  V. Inflow of Karmas
  VI. Checking of Karmas (Samvara)
  VII. The shedding of Karmas (Nirjara)
  VIII. Bondage  (Bandha)
  IX. Liberation (Moksha)
  X. Liberation Pure bsolute Knowledge
  XI. Samayasara

Chapter V  - Inflow of Karmas



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          171.  In the soul, wrong belief, vowlessness, passion, and vibratory activity, liviing, and non-living, and (their) very many varieties (are) not any other�s but its own thought activities.



          In practice, from the point of view of condition, a seeker after truth must know that he is responsible for his own destiny.  His soul has got the capacity of modification.  He should endeavour to change his thoughts, from impurity to purity.  Unless a person believes that these defects are injurious to him he would try to remove them.  Wrong-belief, etc., as Karmas are material while wrong belief, etc., as impure thoughts of non-living soul are living.


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          172.  The are the causes (of inflow) of karmic matter of the knowledge-obscuring and other kinds.  The soul is also the cause of such thought activities as love, hatred.



          The material Karmas previously bound by a soul operate at their maturity and fall off.  If the soul�s thought-activity is strong enough not to be affected by their operation, they will fall off without bringing inflow of fresh Karmas.  If the soul�s thought-activity is not strong enough, it will be modified into its conscious thought-activities according to the operation of Karmas.  And thus its thought-activities will be painted by wrong belief, passions, etc., which ma be called love, hatred and delusion (Raga-Dvesha-Moha).  A seeker of Truth must improve his knowledge and will power so that he may not be affected by operation of Karmas.  A wrong believer by continuous study, by thinking of the nature of soul and non-soul, devotion to pure soul, and by other pure activities, ma increase his soul power and clearness of his thought-activity may increase his soul power and clearness of his thought-activity so much that the fruition-force of wrong belief and other Karms, is decreassed.  And by such continuous efforts, Karmas of wrong belief and error-feeding passions are brought under subsidence at least for an Antar-Muhurta, and during such period be becomes a right believer of a subsidential kind.  If, after an Antar-Muhuta, he is able to retain his belief his belief becomes destructive subsidential right belief.  In that condition it is only the slightest form of wrong-belief.  In that condition it is only the slightest form of wrong-belief Karma called Samyaktva Prakriti, which operates and affects the thought-activity of the soul; while other Karmas such as error-feeding passions, and wrong, and mixed belief Karma when operative, fall of without in any affecting the soul�s thought-activity.  These operative Karmas without the corresponding thought-activity of the soul cannot be the cause of the bringing in of new karmic molecules.


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          173.  But there is no inflow (or) bondage in a right believing soul.  There is the checking of inflow (in it) Such (right believer) being unbound by them (the new Karmas) (merely) knows the existence of the previously bound Karmas.



          Right belief begins from the 4th Spiritual stage.  The soul so long as it is there is incapable of bondage by the Karmas, which are peculiar to the lower stages.  But it is capable of bondage by Karmas operating in the higher stages.

          From 4th to the 14th stage, the soul is exempted from bondage by 41, 51, 55, 61, 98, 103, 119, 119, 119, 120 Prakritis to subdivisions of the 8 Karmas, respectively.


          There are 48 sub-divisions but only 120 are capable of binding, 28 do not blind.  Thus the 5� bodies� includes the 5 kinds of intrusion.  �Samghata,� and the 5kinds of binding �Bandhan.� This accounts for 10.  There are 20 sub-divisions of colour, taste, smell, and touch, but only 4 bind; this accounts for 16.  Out of the 3 kinds of right-belief-deluding Karma, only one binds this account for the remaining 2.  These are the 28 (10+16+2) non binding sub-divisions of Karmas (vide Gommatsara, Karma Kanda S. B. J. Vol. VI.).

          A right believer brings about either the subsidence or destruction of the four error-feeding passions and wrong belief Karmas, Right discrimination between soul and non-soul, wordily and liberated conditions, real and false happiness then arises in him.  His attention which before gaining right belief was directed towards wordly gratification has now turned towards attaining his own true nature of freedom from non- soul.  Previously bound Karmas do not over-power him.  He is sure to be liberated, before long.  Therefore bondage in a right believer is not taken into consideration by the author.


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          174.  Thought-activity, such as love, hatred, proceeding from the soul becomes the binder of Karmas (with it, i.e., becomes the auxiliary cause of bondage).  But (the soul) free from love, etc., (is) free from bondage (and is) the knower (only).



          Love and hatred, etc., the impure thought-activities of a soul caused by operation of wrong belief and error-feeding passions are the chief auxiliary causes of bondage of Karmas, and bring about long wanderings in the cycle of existences.  A right believer, free from such thoughts does not indulge in any non-soul thoughts, and therefore he is not the binder of Karmas.  He merely knows the effects of operation and hondage of Karmas which may occur in his progressive stages because of slight passions and soul-vibrations.


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          175. As the ripe fruit, which has fallen down, cannot be attached as fruit, again to (the old) stalk; so in the soul, karmic matter which has fallen off (after fruition), can never again (be bound, and) matured to operation.



          The general rule is that whenever Karmas are matured and become operative, they fall off at once and cannot remain bound an instant longer.  They become dead material molecules.  If a right believer, through the strength of his soul-capacity has destroyed those Karmas that obstruct right belief, i.e., has become a destructive-right-believer, then he will never be subjected to their bondage again.  He will forever remain in the right belief-stage.  Thus having obtained the clue of self-discrimination, he practices self-realization according to the spiritual stage attained by his thought-activity.  Verily he is not a binder of Karmas.  He is merely the knower of them.  A layman performs many wordly duties, but being a right knower he knows all these acts to be due to the operation of Karmas bound before, and always longs for the passionless stage where his peace and happiness may not be disturbed in any way.  Any little bondage that occurs does not become detrimental to his soul progress.