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Chapter - 6

 

 

What is the Atthai?

Atthai means upavas for continuous eight days.

 

What is the Maskhaman?

 

Maskhaman means upavas for continuous one month.

 

What is the Navapad Oli?  

During every year, one does ayambils for 9 days starting on the bright fortnight either on 6th or 7th day in Ashwin and Chaitra months for a period of four and one-half years. Some people may take only one kind of food grain on a given day.

 

What are the Karmas?

Karmas are the end results of our activities, which may or may not be associated with passions.

 

What are the Ghati Karmas?

Ghati karmas affect the true nature of the soul.

 

What are the Aghati Karmas?

Aghati karmas do not affect the true nature of the soul, but affect the body in which the soul abides.

 

Name the Ghati Karmas?

Ghati karmas are:

1) Knowledge‑oscuring or Jnanavarniya

2) Perception‑obscuring or Darshnavarniya

3) Obstructive or Antaraya

4) Deluding Karmas or Mohniya

 

Name the Aghati karmas?

Aghati karmas are:

1) Feeling‑producing Vedniya) Karma

2) Body‑making (Nam) Karma

3) Status‑determining (Gotra) Karma

4) Age‑determining (Ayushya) Karma

 

How many sub-types are of the Jnanavarniya karma?

There are five sub-types of Jnanavarniya Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Darshanavarniya karma?

There are nine sub-types of Darshanavarniya Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Vedniya karma?

There are two sub-types of Vedniya  Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Mohniya karma?

There are twenty-eight sub-types of Mohniya  Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Nama karma?

There are sixty-seven sub-types of Nama Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Gotra karma?

There are two sub-types of Gotra Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Antaraya karma?

There are five  sub-types of Antaray Karma.

 

How many sub-types are of the Ayusya karma?

There are four sub-types of Ayushya  Karma.

 

Can you name the types of Jnanavarniya karma?

Jnanavarniya Karma is divided into five sub-groups.

They are:

Mati-jnanavarniya

Shrut-jnanavarniya

Avaddhi-jnanavarniya

Manahparya-jnanavarniya

Keval-jnanavarniya Karmas

 

Can you name the types of Darshnavarniya karma?

Darshanavarniya Karma is divided into nine sub-groups.

They are:

Chakshu-darshanavarniya

Achakshu-darshanavarniya

Avadhi-darshanavarniya

Kevali-darshanavarniya

Nindra

Nindr-Nindra

Prachala

Prachala-Prachala

Styanagriddhi-Nindra

 

Can you name the types of Vedniya karma?

Vedniya Karma is divided into two sub-groups.

They are:

Shatavedniya Karma

Ashatavedniya Karma

 

Can you  name the types of Mohniya karma?

Mohniya Karma is devided into twenty-eight sub-groups.

They are:

Mithyatva Mohniya

Mishramohniya

Samyaktva Mohniya

Krodha, Man, Maya, & Lobha (each further divided into four)

      Anantanubandhi;

      Apratyakhanavarniya;

      Pratyakhanavarniy; and

      Sanjvalan

Hasya  

Rati    

Arati

Bhaya

Shock   

Jugupsa

Purushaved

Strived     

Napunsankved