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Editor's Note

 

INTRODUCTION

 

UMASVATI VACAKA�S PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA-A STUDY

  LIFE: FAMILY, CASTE, DATE, SECT AND WORKS
 

PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA IS A WORK OF UMASVATI

 

SUMMARY OF PRASAMARATI 

 

COMMENTARIES ON PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA

  ETHICAL ASPECT OF PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA:
   

ACARA OF THE SADHUS (MONKS)              

   

ACARA OF THE HOUSEHOLDERS   

  PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA:    
   

Tattvas

   

SUBSTANCE         

   

 SYADVADA-THEORY OF NON-ABSOLUTISM 

   

CLASSIFICATION OF KNOWLEDGE

   

COSMOLOGY 

   

THE DOCTRINE OF KARMA

 

COMPARISON BETWEEN TATTVARTHADHIGAMASUTRA AND PRASAMARATIPRAKRANA.

 

COMPARISON OF PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA WITH JAINA AGAMAS101 AND SOME NON-JAINA WORKS

 

CRITICAL REMARKS ON PRASAMARATIPRAKRANA

 

Prashmartiprakranam l  

 

Ath Shastrasya Pithbandhah: ll1ll    

 

1.  Introduction              

    Ath ksaydhikar: ll2ll      
 

2.  On Passions   

    Ath ragadhyadhikar: ll3ll     
 

3.  On Attachment                

    Ath Karmadhikar: ll4ll  
 

4.  On Karma     

    Ath karnarthadhikardvayam: ll5-6ll    
 

5-6.  On Cause of Birth and Death  

    Ath Madsthanadhikar: ll7ll    
 

7.  On Pride             

    Ath Aacharadhikar: ll8ll  
 

Ath Bhavanadhikar: ll9ll   

 

On Reflection                

    Ath Dharmadhikar: ll10ll     
 

On religious Virtues             

    Ath kathadhikar: ll11ll 
 

On Religious Stories            

    Ath Jivadhikar: ll12ll 
 

On Soul  

   

Ath Upyogadhikar: ll13ll  

 

On Consciousness          

   

Ath Bhavadhikar: ll14ll

 

On States of Soul   

   

Ath Sadvidhdrvyadhikar: ll15ll  

 

On Six Substances         

   

Ath Charanadhikar: ll16ll

 

On Code of Conduct 

   

Ath Shiladgadhikar: ll17ll 

 

Ath Dhyanddhikar: ll18ll 

 

On Meditation                

   

Ath Shrenyadhikar: ll19ll  

 

On Sreni 

   

Ath Samuddhatadhikar: ll20ll

 

On Code of Conduct 

   

Ath Shiladgadhikar: ll17ll 

 

On Samudghata              

   

Ath Yognirodhadhikar: ll21ll 

 

On Yognirodha        

   

Ath Shivgamanvidhanphaladhikar: ll22ll

 

Description of the path of Liberation and Fruits 

 

Appendix

  Jain Books
  Catalog of Books in English
  Catalog of Books in Hindi
  Catalog of Books in Gujarati
  List of Books, Topics & Sub-topics and Authors


2.  PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA IS A WORK OF UMASVATI:      

 It is undoubtedly certain that Prasamaratiprakarana is from the pen of the same author who has written Tattvarthasutra with Svopajnabhasya.  Its language and line of thought bear such a remarkable similarity with T. S. that it is very difficult to believe that they are from the pen of a different author.  Parallel lines are found in several places, certain lines are bodily lifted from one work to another.  This is clearly indicative of spontaneous outcome of the same author.30 Secondly, almost all the eminent writers and commentators of Svetambara sect have recognized Prasamarati as a work of Umasvati and they quote profusely many verses from it in support of their content.  Jinadasamahattara (7th A. D.) a great writer quotes 120th verse from Prasamarati in his Nisithacurni31 after saying that Acarya said so.  Siddhasengani (8th A. D.) commenting on Tattvarthasutrabhasya clearly mentions that the same thin is explained by the same author in his Prasamarati.32 He quotes many verses from Prasamarati to defend his view.33 Haribhadrasuri (8th A. D.) known as Yakinisunu, recognized as a gigantic scholar and commentator quotes two verses from Prasamarati in his commentary on T. S. bhasya by saying that it is said by the same author in other treatise.34 Abhayadevasuri (10th A. D.) commenting on Sanmatitarkaprakarana quotes a verse from Prasamarati to show that his view is supported by Umasvati Vacaka.35 Again, another well known writer Sri Santisuri in his Dharmaratnaprakaranavrtti attributes Prasamarati to Umasvati,36 and quotes 16 verses from it in different contexts.37 These evidences suffice to lead us to the definite conclusion that Prasamarati is recognized right from the beginning as a work of Umasvati.

 This work of the learned author is one of the masterpieces on Jaina Ethics, Philosophy and Religion.  It is a compendious work covering the quintessence of Jainism in a convincing manner.  This work holds a unique place in the old Sanskrit Jaina literature.  Unlike the Tattvarthasutra which is purely philosophical in its nature, the Prasamarati is an ethico-philosophical text of more popular nature addressed to the monks and laymen alike.  By the nature of its contents and easy language of the verses, it is studied with utmost devotion by Jainas.  It is a sourcebook of religious inspiration and spiritual solace for thousands of spiritually minded people.

 This work contains 313 verses in lucid Sanskrit in Arya metre and is divided into 22 chapters known as adhikaras,38 covering almost all the important doctrines of Jainism.