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Editor's Note

 

INTRODUCTION

 

UMASVATI VACAKA�S PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA-A STUDY

  LIFE: FAMILY, CASTE, DATE, SECT AND WORKS
 

PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA IS A WORK OF UMASVATI

 

SUMMARY OF PRASAMARATI 

 

COMMENTARIES ON PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA

  ETHICAL ASPECT OF PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA:
   

ACARA OF THE SADHUS (MONKS)              

   

ACARA OF THE HOUSEHOLDERS   

  PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA:    
   

Tattvas

   

SUBSTANCE         

   

 SYADVADA-THEORY OF NON-ABSOLUTISM 

   

CLASSIFICATION OF KNOWLEDGE

   

COSMOLOGY 

   

THE DOCTRINE OF KARMA

 

COMPARISON BETWEEN TATTVARTHADHIGAMASUTRA AND PRASAMARATIPRAKRANA.

 

COMPARISON OF PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA WITH JAINA AGAMAS101 AND SOME NON-JAINA WORKS

 

CRITICAL REMARKS ON PRASAMARATIPRAKRANA

 

Prashmartiprakranam l  

 

Ath Shastrasya Pithbandhah: ll1ll    

 

1.  Introduction              

    Ath ksaydhikar: ll2ll      
 

2.  On Passions   

    Ath ragadhyadhikar: ll3ll     
 

3.  On Attachment                

    Ath Karmadhikar: ll4ll  
 

4.  On Karma     

    Ath karnarthadhikardvayam: ll5-6ll    
 

5-6.  On Cause of Birth and Death  

    Ath Madsthanadhikar: ll7ll    
 

7.  On Pride             

    Ath Aacharadhikar: ll8ll  
 

Ath Bhavanadhikar: ll9ll   

 

On Reflection                

    Ath Dharmadhikar: ll10ll     
 

On religious Virtues             

    Ath kathadhikar: ll11ll 
 

On Religious Stories            

    Ath Jivadhikar: ll12ll 
 

On Soul  

   

Ath Upyogadhikar: ll13ll  

 

On Consciousness          

   

Ath Bhavadhikar: ll14ll

 

On States of Soul   

   

Ath Sadvidhdrvyadhikar: ll15ll  

 

On Six Substances         

   

Ath Charanadhikar: ll16ll

 

On Code of Conduct 

   

Ath Shiladgadhikar: ll17ll 

 

Ath Dhyanddhikar: ll18ll 

 

On Meditation                

   

Ath Shrenyadhikar: ll19ll  

 

On Sreni 

   

Ath Samuddhatadhikar: ll20ll

 

On Code of Conduct 

   

Ath Shiladgadhikar: ll17ll 

 

On Samudghata              

   

Ath Yognirodhadhikar: ll21ll 

 

On Yognirodha        

   

Ath Shivgamanvidhanphaladhikar: ll22ll

 

Description of the path of Liberation and Fruits 

 

Appendix

  Jain Books
  Catalog of Books in English
  Catalog of Books in Hindi
  Catalog of Books in Gujarati
  List of Books, Topics & Sub-topics and Authors


Ath ShreeDumaswativirchitam. 

(ENGLISH CONVERSION OF ORIGINAL LANGUAGE WORDS )

 Prashmartiprakranam l

 

Ath Dharmadhikar: ll10ll 

(Original language words are missing) 

On religious Virtues 

This path of religious virtues (which consists of) supreme forgiveness, modesty, straight-for-wardness, purity, self-control, renunciation, truthfulness, austerity, chastity and non-acquisition should be resorted to by (a monk).  167 

(Original language words are missing) 

Compassion is the root (cause) of religion.  An impatient man never possesses compassion.  Thus, one who is devoted to forgiveness accomplishes highest virtue.  168 

(Original language words are missing) 

All virtues are dependent on humility, and humility (in turn) depends on modesty.  (Thus) he who is full of modesty, becomes an abode of all virtues.  169 

(Original language words are missing) 

The crooked man never becomes pure and the impure individual never follows the righteous path.  No liberation is possible without (following) righteous path.  (There is) no other happiness than liberation.  170 

(Original language words are missing) 

The purity (external) of material instruments (such as) food, drink, body, should be maintained with maintained with great effort, so that, it should not to against the internal purity (or it should protect internal purity).  171 

(Original language words are missing) 

Self control is of seventeen kinds consisting of abstaining from five types of Asrava (cause of inflow of karmas), control over five-senses, victory over (four kinds of) passions and abstaining from three types of inauspicious activities (of mind, body and speech).  172 

(Original language words are missing) 

The monk who is free from dread and strife on account of rennucing the relations, riches, sense-pleasures and who has renounced the �Iness and mineness� (and) who has no body attachment is called Nirgrantha (I. e. free from all kinds of worldly knots) 173. 

(Original language words are missing) 

Speaking in conformity with the (Scriptures) and straightforwardness in deeds, thoughts and speech are four kinds of truth (that are found) in Jainism (only) and nowhere else.  174 

(Original language words are missing) 

Fasting, taking limited food, receiving alms from limited houses, renunciating tasty food, facing bodily hardships and staying in a lonely place (to control senses, passions etc.) constitute external austerity.  175 

(Original language words are missing) 

Expiation, meditation, disinterested service, humility, detachment to body, and study of Scriptures are six kinds of internal austerity.  176 

(Original language words are missing) 

Chastity is of eighteen kinds.  (First of all) it is of nine kinds, such as refraining from three types of mental, vocal and physical sexual pleasures with divine beings, also helping others to have it in three ways and consenting others to enjoy it in three ways.  Similarly, restraining from (nine types of sexual satisfaction) with beings having physical bodies (i.e., with human of lower beings).  177 

(Original language words are missing) 

The knowers of supreme self describe the greediness as acquisition in the highest sense.  Non-acquisition, therefore, is the greatest virtue for the aspirant of renunciation.  178 

(Original language words are missing) 

(A monk) who constantly practices the ten kinds of religious virtues has, his firmly fastened and densed attachment, aversion and deceit, annihilated within a short span of time.  179. 

(Original language words are missing) 

(A monk) by abandoning the �I-ness� and �Mineness� annihilates the invincible, violent, powerful hardship, greed, passion, inauspicious activities and net of sense (objects).  180. 

(Original language words are missing) 

Devotion towards the words of Jina, endeavour to obtain Scriptural knowledge and association with monks (=learned in Chedasutras), are cause of mental steadiness on the path on the path of nonattachment, on Tattvas and on different conditions of soul.  181 

Here ends chapter on Religious Virtues.