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Editor's Note

 

INTRODUCTION

 

UMASVATI VACAKA�S PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA-A STUDY

  LIFE: FAMILY, CASTE, DATE, SECT AND WORKS
 

PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA IS A WORK OF UMASVATI

 

SUMMARY OF PRASAMARATI 

 

COMMENTARIES ON PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA

  ETHICAL ASPECT OF PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA:
   

ACARA OF THE SADHUS (MONKS)              

   

ACARA OF THE HOUSEHOLDERS   

  PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF PRASAMARATI PRAKARANA:    
   

Tattvas

   

SUBSTANCE         

   

 SYADVADA-THEORY OF NON-ABSOLUTISM 

   

CLASSIFICATION OF KNOWLEDGE

   

COSMOLOGY 

   

THE DOCTRINE OF KARMA

 

COMPARISON BETWEEN TATTVARTHADHIGAMASUTRA AND PRASAMARATIPRAKRANA.

 

COMPARISON OF PRASAMARATIPRAKARANA WITH JAINA AGAMAS101 AND SOME NON-JAINA WORKS

 

CRITICAL REMARKS ON PRASAMARATIPRAKRANA

 

Prashmartiprakranam l  

 

Ath Shastrasya Pithbandhah: ll1ll    

 

1.  Introduction              

    Ath ksaydhikar: ll2ll      
 

2.  On Passions   

    Ath ragadhyadhikar: ll3ll     
 

3.  On Attachment                

    Ath Karmadhikar: ll4ll  
 

4.  On Karma     

    Ath karnarthadhikardvayam: ll5-6ll    
 

5-6.  On Cause of Birth and Death  

    Ath Madsthanadhikar: ll7ll    
 

7.  On Pride             

    Ath Aacharadhikar: ll8ll  
 

Ath Bhavanadhikar: ll9ll   

 

On Reflection                

    Ath Dharmadhikar: ll10ll     
 

On religious Virtues             

    Ath kathadhikar: ll11ll 
 

On Religious Stories            

    Ath Jivadhikar: ll12ll 
 

On Soul  

   

Ath Upyogadhikar: ll13ll  

 

On Consciousness          

   

Ath Bhavadhikar: ll14ll

 

On States of Soul   

   

Ath Sadvidhdrvyadhikar: ll15ll  

 

On Six Substances         

   

Ath Charanadhikar: ll16ll

 

On Code of Conduct 

   

Ath Shiladgadhikar: ll17ll 

 

Ath Dhyanddhikar: ll18ll 

 

On Meditation                

   

Ath Shrenyadhikar: ll19ll  

 

On Sreni 

   

Ath Samuddhatadhikar: ll20ll

 

On Code of Conduct 

   

Ath Shiladgadhikar: ll17ll 

 

On Samudghata              

   

Ath Yognirodhadhikar: ll21ll 

 

On Yognirodha        

   

Ath Shivgamanvidhanphaladhikar: ll22ll

 

Description of the path of Liberation and Fruits 

 

Appendix

  Jain Books
  Catalog of Books in English
  Catalog of Books in Hindi
  Catalog of Books in Gujarati
  List of Books, Topics & Sub-topics and Authors


Ath ShreeDumaswativirchitam. 

(ENGLISH CONVERSION OF ORIGINAL LANGUAGE WORDS )

 Prashmartiprakranam l

 

Ath Bhavanadhikar: ll9ll 

(Original language words are missing) 

On Reflection 

(A monk) should reflect, upon transcient nature of the world, helplessness, loneliness, separateness of the self from non-self, impurity (of the body), cycle of births sand rebirths, inflow of Karmas and stoppage of inflow of Karmas; 149. 

(Original language words are missing) 

Shedding of stock of Karmas, constitution of the universe, nature of true religio, difficulty in obtaining enlightenment, which are (called) twelve pure Bhavanas (reflections).  150. 

(Original language words are missing) 

An union with beloved people, prosperity, worldly pleasures, riches and health; body (form), youth, and even life, are all transitory.  151. 

(Original language words are missing) 

In this world, which is pestered by fear of birth, old age (and) death, devoured by disease and pain, there is no resort except words (teachings) of the great Jina.  152. 

(Original language words are missing) 

(In this whirle-pool of cycle of births and deaths) Jiva is all alone while being born, and alone when he dies.  One alone has to take a birth in the lower and higher worlds.  One has, therefore, to act alone with regard to one�s own permanent happiness.  153. 

(Original language words are missing) 

(A monk) who constantly thinks that �I am� distinct from (my) relatives; servants, riches and (one�s own) body, is unaffected by Kali in form of grief.  154. 

(Original language words are missing) 

The impurity of body should be reflected at every part of it, on account of its having capacity to make pure (thing) impure and due to its impurity of root cause (i.e.,  birth from semen, flesh, and blood) and preceding cause (i.e., cause of development from mother�s milk, which originates from food that is eaten by mother).  155. 

(Original language words are missing) 

In this cycle of births and deaths (the same soul) becomes mother (in one birth) daughter, sister, and wife (in some other births).  Again (the same soul) becomes son, father, brother and even enemy (in some other birth).  156 

(Original language words are missing) 

He, whose interest lies in wrong belief, want of control, negligence, passions and psychophysical activities (invites) inflow of karmic particles.  Thus, attempt should be made to control inflow of Karmas.  157 

(Original language words are missing) 

One has to reflect on the stoppage of inflow of Karma, which is (nothing but) that tendency of speech, body and mind which does not allow (inflow of) merit and demerit (into soul).  This is taught by Jina and becomes beneficial when well-meditated upon.  158 

(Original language words are missing) 

Just as exceedingly enhanced disease is eradicated by endeavour (such as fasting etc.); similarly accumulated Karma of Jiva is annihilated by austerity, in case of one who has stopped the inflow of Karma.  159 

(Original language words are missing) 

One should reflect on the expansion of the lower, middle and upper regions of the universe; on births and deaths (enjoyed in every region) and on matters having form (which are) enjoyed (in different regrons).  160 

(Original language words are missing) 

One has (to reflect on) this path of (religious) virtue which is well preached by Jinas, the conquerors of passions, for the welfare of the world.  (Those) who are constantly devoted to this play fully (easily) cross the ocean of mundane life.  161 

(Original language words are missing) 

One may be born among human beings; in the land of religious actions; in Aryan region; in good family; with good health; long life; and obtaining right faith; (proper) teacher and listening (to religious discourses).  Still right knowledge is very difficult to attain to.  162 

(Original language words are missing) 

Even obtaining that rare (knowledge) after hundreds of births, renunciation of worldly desires is very rare on account of infatuation, attachment, contemplation on evil course (or pat) and due to (worldly) prosperity and pleasures.  163. 

(Original language words are missing) 

Even after obtaining that jewel of non-attachment, victory (over worldly objects) (practice) of path of non-attachment is very difficult to obtain by one who is confounded by enemies in the form of sense (objects), passions, pleasures and hardships.  164. 

(Original language words are missing) 

Therefore, one who is wise, has to conquer the enemies in the form of passions which are the leaders of group of hardships, sense (objects) and pleasures by (the army of) forgiveness, modesty, straightforwardness and content.  165 

(Original language words are missing) 

Reflecting on the cause of rise and annihilation of passions, with pure mind, speech and body, one has to reject and accept them respectively (I. e., one has to avoid cause of passions and adopt the cause of their cessation).  166 

Here ends chapter on Reflection.