Moreover, such things
should only be given in charity which foster religion in the donee, but the
donation of gold, elephant, etc. creates injury, etc. and increases pride-
greed etc. passions which result in great sin. How could virtue (Punya) be
caused to the donor of such things?
passionate persons claim that there is virtue (Punya) in providing the objects
of sexual pleasure; but how could virtue be claimed in the acts of unchastity
which are sinful? And they put up false logic by saying that this gives
satisfaction to a lady. Though a woman gets pleasure by fulfillment of sexual
desire, why is then the observance of chastity preached? Even after sexual
pleasure if her other desires are not fulfilled then she feels distressed.
Therefore, such false logic is fabricated only for gratifying the carnal
religion in the activities other than compassion and donation to worthy
recipients is all false religion.
Moreover, by observing
the vows, etc., they foster injury and objects of sensual pleasures, etc. but
the vows, etc. are observed for decreasing them. And people forsake eating
food grains and instead eat the tuber roots. In such acts, greater injury is
caused and relishment of sensual objects increases.
Further, such people
do not take meal in the day time and instead take food in the night. So, in
this act of taking meals in the night instead of taking food in the day,
greater injury is caused and recklessness increases. And by observing the vows
(fast), etc. people indulge in excessive adornment of the body, sportive acts,
gambling, etc. - all these are sinful acts. But they desire that the fruit of
observing vows should be obtained in the form of attainment of worldly
agreeable objects and destruction of disagreeable objects; all this results in
religion to consist in the observance of vows (in above-said manner) is false
Further, many people
increase injury, etc. sins through adoration, etc. They foster the objects of
senses by way of songs, dancing, singing and taking the desired food, etc. and
other articles. They indulge in sportive acts and pass time recklessly. In
such acts, they create lot of sin but do not have even a little recourse to
religion and yet believe it to be religion. So, all this is false religion.
And many people
produce affliction to the body and indulge in injury and passional acts. For
example, they observe penance by heating their body in five types of fires. In
this process, small and big living beings get burnt by fire, lot of injury is
caused. How is religion possible in such acts? And some persons swing by
keeping the body turned upside down; some keep the arms raised upwards. Thus,
in different ways they practice the (false) religion; but anguish only is
caused by such acts. These are not the parts of religious practices.
Further, some people
control respiration and practice Neti- Dhoti etc. Yogic exercises. In such
acts, lot of injury, etc. are caused by consumption of water, etc. If some
miracle is produced then pride and other passions increase in him. Hence, in
no way, such acts can be called religious acts. Thus, they involve themselves
in acts causing distress, but do not bother about reducing indulgence in
passional acts. Internally, they possess the intention of anger, pride, deceit
and greed passions; they uselessly engage themselves in painful acts and
believe them to be religious acts. This too is false religion.
And many people commit
suicide because they cannot endure miseries in this world or desire to get
agreeable objects in the next birth. Many kill themselves for earning name and
fame or under pressure of anger passion, etc. For example, many women burn
themselves in the pyre-fire on account of bereavement of their husbands and
are called Sati (chaste lady). Some people get dissolved in the snow of
Himalaya mountain, some others get sawed in the Kashi (Benaras) city, some
people die willfully; thus, these acts are believed to be religious acts; but
committing suicide is a great sin. If attachment in body, etc. was lessened
then one should have accepted real penances. But what part of religion is
evolved in dieing in the aforesaid manner? Therefore, committing suicide is
Likewise, there are
many facets of false religion. How long to describe ! Believing to be
religious all such acts which foster passions and sensuousness is false
Behold ! Due to bad
times in the Jina's religion also the practice of false religion has started.
Whatever religious festivals are described, in all those festivals it is
desirable to observe continence by giving up passional acts. But they do not
adopt this practice and instead in the name of vows, etc. adorn the body in
various ways, take relishing food, indulge in sportive acts and in the acts
which increase the passions and indulge in great sinful acts like gambling,
Further, in the acts
of worshipping, etc., this was the preaching that, Savidyalaisho
bahupunyasho doshaynal i.e., "In the acts producing excessive virtue (Punya)
if some little sinful acts are involved then the same are ignorable". Under
this pretext in the name of worship and propagation of religion (Jina's
teachings) people burn the lamps in the night, collect the objects containing
infinite living beings (such as flowers, vegetables, etc.) and indulge in
practices involving injury and other sins (before the Jina's idol). They pay
scant respect to virtuous acts, like that of worship, invocation, etc. In all
these acts, loss is more, profit (gain) is less or even nil. All such acts are
Moreover, the temple
of Jina is abode of religion. In the temple people engage themselves in
various irreligious talks, sleep and behave indolently; and they foster
passions and sensual pleasures by developing orchard and flower garden, etc.
(inside temple premises). Further, they give charity, etc. to the greedy
persons believing them to be preceptors (Gurus) and feel exhalted by their
false praise. Thus, in various ways they increase their passional desires and
believe same to be religion, but the emblem of Jina's religion is
passionlessness. Entry of such perverse practices in Jaina religion is due to
In this way, the
adoration and practicing of false religion is forbidden.
Now the involvement of
false belief in such practices is being explained:-
The one basic
objective in the right belief of Tattvas is to give up passions. This very
disposition is called religion. If by increasing passional dispositions one
believes that religion is evolved then where remains the right belief in
Tattvas? This is against the Jina's commandment. Passions are sinful
dispositions; believing these to be religion is false belief Therefore, in the
practice of false religion false belief is invariably involved.
In this way, know well
that the adoration and believing false deity, false preceptor and false
scriptures (false religion) results in strengthening false belief. Therefore,
this is described here. The same is stated in the Ashta-Pahuda:
dhaman kuchhiylingin cha vandya jodu
michhaditthee havai so hu (92,
Meaning: If someone
adores false deity, false religion and false preceptor out of shyness, fear
and false prestige, he is assuredly a false believer.
Therefore, those who
want to forsake false belief, first of all they should forsake adoring false
deity, false preceptor and false religion.
In the abdication of
twenty-five types of faults of right belief, under Amoorhadrishti (follilessness)
and six places of misbelief, the renouncement of these false deity, etc. only
has been preached. Hence, one must invariably forsake them.
Further, false belief
resulting from adoration of false deity, etc. is a bigger sin than the sins
of injury, etc. In its fruitation one gets birth in Nigoda and hell, etc. In
such births intense agonies and afflictions have got to be suffered for
infinite period and attainment of right knowledge becomes extremely difficult.
The same is stated in
kuchhiygyeebhayan,o hoyee (140,
Meaning: One who is
engrossed in the practice of false religion, adores the hypocrites and false
preceptors, observes false penances, he has to suffer from the miseries of
evil state of existence.
So oh ! Bhauyas ! by
adoring the false deities, etc. even with the slightest greed and fear, one
has to suffer from intense agonies for infinite period; therefore, false
belief is in no way worth harnessing.
In Jina's religion it
is an eternal tradition that first of all the bigger sin is advised to be
forsaken before a smaller sin. Therefore, believing the false belief to be a
greater sin than indulgence in seven evil habits, it is to be forsaken first
of all. Therefore, those who are afraid of the fruits of sinful acts and do
not desire to sink their soul in the ocean of agony should invariably give up
false belief. It is not desirable to be of fickle mind due to fear of censure
or desire of praise. Because in ethics also, the same is stated as follows:
yadi va stuvantu
gachhtu va yathaishtam
Adaev vastu mran.an
tu yugantrai va
prvichlanti padam na dheera (184,
If someone criticizes,
let him criticize; someone praises, let him do so; wealth is obtained or lost,
death is instant or comes after long time - in all such contradictory
situations the wise persons do not budge an inch from the path of justice.
doctrine, it is not proper to indulge in unjustifiable forms of false belief
under pressure of censure, praise, fearor greed.
Oh ! the true
omniscient God, true preceptor and true religion are the supreme objects; the
religion rests on them. How could religion be evolved by fickleness and
indecision about them? What more to speak? It is extremely necessary to
forsake in every way, the company of false deity, false preceptor and false
By not abdicating the
false deity, etc., the false belief is greatly strengthened and in the present
times, the tendency of adoring them is found specifically more here.
Therefore, their abdication is force-fully described here. Knowing all this,
one should adopt the path of liberation by forsaking false belief.
Thus ends the 6th
chapter of the treatise Moksha Marg Prakashak in which the description of
false deity, false preceptor, false religion is done for abdicating them.