Meaningfullness of Moksha Marg
Now, starts the composition of the Shastra,
named Moksha Marg Prakashak. Its meaningfulness is
In this world-forest all Jivas (mundane beings)
are suffering from different kinds of miseries caused due to karmic
bondage and darkness of delusion is pervading every- where because of
which the Jivas are not able to find the path of liberation, rather
continue suffering from the miseries torment.
As an instrumental cause of benefaction of all such
Jivas dawned the sun in the form of Tirthankar Kewali
Bhagawan (omniscient Lord) and through the rays of his Divya-
Dhwani (divine speech) the path of liberation got illuminated. As
the sun has no intention to illuminate the path but automatically its rays
are spread out and the path - gets illuminated. Similarly, the Kewali
(Omniscient Lord;) is devoid of attachment, so He has no intention to show
the path of liberation, but automatically due to rise of Aghati-
Karmas (non-obscuring karmas) the matter particles of his body turn
into Divya-Dhwani (divine speech) through which the path of
liberation is illuminated.
Further, the Ganadhara Devas thought that
after the setting of the omniscient-sun how could Jivas obtain the
liberation- path (Moksha Marg) and without treading on
liberation-path, the Jivas will continue suffering from miseries;
this- compassionate feeling encouraged them to compose the Shastras
in the forms of Anga-Prakeernaka etc. These served as great
lamps, which spread the light.
Further, as the transition of lamps continues by
lighting the lamp from the (other) lamp, similarly some Acharyas.
(Chief saints) composed other Shastras from those Shastras.
Thus through the creation of Shastras the tradition of Shastras
continues. This Shastra is also being composed on the basis of
Further, as the sun and all lamps illuminate the path
in the same manner, similarly, Divya-Dhwani and all
Shastras illuminate the liberation-path (Moksha-Marg) in
the same way. So, this Shastra too illuminates the
liberation-path. And as even on illuminating the path, the persons, who
are either without eyes or have diseased eyes, are not able to see the
path but the lamp has not lost the power of illuminating the path,
similarly, on illuminating (the liberation-path) the Jivas who are
either without mind (irrational beings) or are over-powered by delusion,
etc, are not able to see the path of liberation, thereby it can not be
said that the Shastra has lost the power of illuminating the
liberation-path. In this way, the meaningful name of Moksha Marga
Prakashak Shastra be known.
Question: There already existed Shastras
illuminating liberation-path, why then you are composing this new
Answer: As the illumination of big lamps is
possible by means of much quantity of oil, etc. but those who do not have
much quantity of oil, for them if a small lamp is lighted then they, by
maintaining its means, can do their work in its illumination. Similarly,
understanding of big Shastras is possible through the means of vast
knowledge, etc. but those who do not have vast knowledge, for them if a
small Shastra (treatise) is composed, then by means of it, they may
achieve their objective. This is the aim of composing this small and easy
Further, this Shastra is being composed neither
for self- exaltation under passion nor for fulfilling some greed, or for
earning name and fame or for establishing my own tradition. Those who do
not possess the knowledge of grammar, logic, Naya-Pramana
and distinctive meaning of the words, due to which they cannot study big
Shastras and even if they study some small Shastras then
they can not comprehend the true meaning, as such in the present time most
of the Jivas have feeble knowledge; for their benefaction, this
Shastra is being composed with pious instinct in the spoken language.
Further, as if a Chintamani - a miraculous &
precious diamond, is offered to an extremely pauper for looking at it but
he refuses to even look at it and as if a cup of nectar is offered to a
leper for drinking, but he refuses to drink it, similarly if a mundane
miserable Jiva gets an opportunity to listen to an easy discourse
on path of liberation but he refuses to pay attention to it, then it is
not possible for us to describe the glory of his misfortune. When we
ponder over his future a compassionate feeling arises in us. Also it is
"Saheenrai gurujogai jainr sunrantih dhmvynryi
Tai dhithduth chit ah suhdha bhavbhey vihnra
(u. si. r.)
The Jivas who even on getting the company of
self-dependent discourser Guru (preceptor) do not listen to religious
sermons, are haughty and possess cruel heart or they are devoid of fear of
transmigration from which great personages like Tirthankaras, etc,
were afraid; they seem to be very brave warriors.
In Pravachanasara also there is a chapter on
Moksha Marge wherein the knowledge of scripture has been
advocated as worth adopting (Upadeya) firstly. So, the prime duty
of this Jiva is to attain knowledge of scripture. By its attainment
the true belief of Tattvas (Jiva, Ajiva etc,
realities) gets evolved and on attainment of right belief of Tattvas
continence-disposition (Sanyama-Bhava) gets evolved. And on
the basis of this knowledge of scriptures even self- realization
materializes; then on its own, the attainment of liberation takes place.
Further there are various components of religion; in
them, excepting Dhyana (meditation) there is no other components of
religion higher than study of scriptures. Therefore, one should study
scriptures by making all possible efforts.
Further, reading, listening and pondering over this
Shastra is very easy, even knowledge of grammar, etc. is not
necessary. Therefore, all should essentially study this book. The readers
are bound to achieve spiritual welfare.
Thus ends the 1st Chapter dealing with introductory
part of Shri Moksha Marg Prakashak Shastra.