Jain World
Sub Categories of Jain Books
Books on Line

Kundakunda Pushpanjali

 

Introduction

 

I.  Niyamasara ( Soul-Jiva )

 

II.  Non-Soul (Ajva)

  III.  Pure Thought-Activity, Shuddha Bhava
 

IV.  Practical Right Conduct, (Vyavahaar Charitra)

  V.  Repentance, (Pratikramana)
  VI.  Renunciation, (pratyakhyana)
  VII.  Confession, (Alochana)
  VIII.  Expiation, (Prayaschitta)
  IX.  Supreme Equanimity, (Parama Samadhi)
  X.  Supreme Devotion, (Parama Bhakti)
  XI.  Real Independence, (Nishchaya Avashaya)
  XII.  Pure Consciousness, (Shuddha Upayoga)
 

XIII.  Table

  Jain Books
  Catalog of Books in English
  Catalog of Books in Hindi
  Catalog of Books in Gujarati
  List of Books, Topics & Sub-topics and Authors

Chapter IV - Practical Right Conduct, (Vyavahaar Charitra)

 

 

Practical Right Conduct (Vyavahara Charitra )

 

            ����֕���ם֕�߾ִ֐�֝�-��֝�և��� ��֝։��� ��߾�֝�� l

            �����ָ����םֵ֢֝�-��׸��ִ��� ���� �֜��־֤�� ll 56 ll

 

          56. Thought-activity free from ( all ) undertakings ( injurious to any of ) the mundane souls (which are) known as existing in (any of the various) physiques, nuclei, soul-classes, soul-quests etc., is the first vow ( non-injury ) Ahimsa.

 

            ��֐��� �� �����֝� �� ��������� �� �����ֳ���֯�׸���ִ�� l

            ���� �֕������ ������ �ֵ�� ׾�פ��־ֵ�� ���� ������� l 57 l

 

          57. A saint, who renounces thought-activity leading to telling falsehood, on account of delusion, attachment and aversion is ( said ) to observe always the second vow, ( truth ), Satya.

 

            ��ִ�� ��� �ֵָ�� ��� ������ ��� ���ה����� �ָ��֢��� l

            ���� ����פ� �����ֳ�־�� ן�פ��־֤�� ����פ� ������� ll 58 ll

 

          58. He, who renounces the thought-activity of picking up articles belonging to another, lying in a village, a town or a forest, ( is said ) to observe the third vow ( non-stealing ), Achaurya.

 

            ������� �ۓ������� ���ӓ��ֳ�־�� ם־֢֤�� ������ l

            ���������֝��׾־�ە�ֵ֯�׸���ִ��� ����� ����ߵ־֤�� ll 59 ll

 

          59.  He,  who  having  seen  the  beauty of a woman, is not moved by a desire for her; or whose thought-activity is free from sex-animate feeling ( Maithuna Sanjna ), ( is said to observe ) the fourth vow ( chastity ), Brahmacharya.

 

            �־������ ��ӣ�֝�� ��֐��� םָ����ֳ�־֝�֯�㾾�� l

            ��ӓִ־֤�״�פ� ��ם֤�� ���׸��ֳָ�� ���������� ll 60 ll

 

          60. The carrier of the load of ( right ) conduct, i.e., a saint, who having first formed the idea of being unconcerned with all worldly attachments, renounces them is said to observe the fifth vow of possession-lessness, ( Parigraha Tyaga. )

 

            ������ִ֐���� פ���� ��ֻ����ӟ��� ���֯�ִ�֝�� ��� l

            �֓��� �������� �ִ֝��� �׸������״֤�� ����� ����� ll 61 ll

          61. A saint, who walks upon a trodden path, free from living beings, in day time, after seeing ( carefully ) a distance of four arms length ( two yards ) a faced, ( is said i to observe carefulness in walking ( Irya Samiti ).

           

            �����㝝�����֍�����ָ֯�؝֤���֯�������ֵ�� �ֵ֝�� l

            ��׸�ד֢�� �ָ֯������� ��������״֤�� �֤������� ll 62 ll

 

          62. He, who having renounced backbiting, ridiculing, talking ill of others, self-praising and harsh words, speaks what is good for himself as well as for others ( is said ) to have carefulness in speech ( Bhasha Samiti ) .

           

            �������׸���֝�������ָ������� ���� �������� ���֢��� �� l

            פ����� �ָ���� �֢�� �ֳִ����� ��֝����״֤�� ll 63 ll

 

          63. He, who calmly takes food, which prepared not by, himself nor that which he made others prepare for himself, nor that prepared by others with his approval, and which is wholesome�, free from living-beings, and given by another ( with devotion ), is said to have carefulness in eating ( Eshana Samiti ).

 

            ���꟣և����ӛ���և� ������׾��֐������ �ֵ֟֯�׸��ִ��� l

            �֤�־֝�ם֌���֝���״֤�� ����פ�ע� ם�ק���� l 64 l

 

          64. ( A saint who has ). acted with care in picking up, and pulling down books, and jug ( Kainanclala ),.etc,, is said, to have carefulness in lifting and laying down, (Adana-nikshepana Samiti).

 

            ������ֳ��״֤֯����� ����� ������ �ָ���ָ�������� l

            ����ָ��פ����֐��� �և�����״֤�� ����� ����� ll 65 ll

 

          65 (A saint, who) discharges his excrement, etc., in a place which is secret, free from all living brings, and where there is no obstruction on behalf of anybody, ( is said ) to have carefulness in excreting (Pratishthapana Samiti ).

            ��ֻ����ִ�����֝��ָ�֐֧�����և ��������־�֝�� l

            ��׸���ָ�� �֝������ �־���ָ��ֵ��� ��׸��������� ll 66 ll

 

          66. Renunciation of passionateness, delusion, animate-feeling, attachment and aversion, and other impure thought-activities, is from the practical point of view, called control of mind ( Mano-gupti ) .

 

            ��߸�֕֓�����֢֍����פ��ֵ֝���� ��־�������� l

            ��׸���ָ��� �ֵ֐���� �׻ֵ��פ�םֵ�ע־ֵ֝�� ��� ll 67 ll

         

          67. Renunciation of censurable gossip relating to women, state, theft, food, etc., which cause the bondage of evil Karmas, or refraining from telling falsehoods, etc., ( is called ) control of speech, ( Vachana-gupti ) .

 

            ��Ӭ֝֔�����ִ�ָ��� �֍����֝� ���� ����ָ���֤�ߵ�� l

            ��ֵ�׍�׸����םֵ֢�� ם�ק���� ��ֵ֐��ע� ע� ll 68 ll

 

          68. Renunciation of bodily movements, such as binding, piercing, beating, counteracting, expanding, etc., is called control of body. ( Kaya-gupti )

 

            ��� ��ֵ��פ�םֵ֢�� �֝���� ��֝����� ��� �֝������� l

            �׻ֵ��פ�םֵ�آ� ��� ������ ��� ���� ��פ������ ll 69 ll

 

          69. ( From the real point of view ) know, that abstaining from attachment, etc., is control of mind; and freedom from falsehood, etc , or silence is control of speech.