PURE CONSCIOUSNESS ( SHUDDHA UPAYOGA )
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159. It is, from the practical point of view only, that the
Omniscient Lord, perceives and knows all; from the real stand-point, the
Omniscient perceives and knows his own soul only.
In the Commentary under Chapter V, it has been explained that
there are six essential daily duties, prescribed for a saint. They are
called the �Shadavashyaka Karma� of a saint. In this treatise the Learned
Author, has mainly dealt with these duties from the real point of view.
Ch. V for
� Ch. VI for Pratyakhyana.
� Ch. IX for Samayika.
� Ch. VIII for Kayotsarga.
The word Avashyaka, which included the six essential duties,
detailed in Chapters V, VI, VII, IX, X has in this Chapter been used in
its etymological sense. The word Avashyaka has been derived from Avasha
which means independent, thus the action of an independent saint is called
an Avashyaka karma, or independent action.
A really true and independent saint must refrain from all good
and bad thought-activities. At the time it is necessary for him not to
engage himself in the flickering thought-activities concerning various
attributes and modifications of all the six substances ( Dravyas ). He
should devote his whole attention to the realisation of the pure nature of
his Own Self. It is only in this condition of self-absorption, that a
saint is said to perform Avashyaka Karma ( Independent Action ).
If a saint or a layman merely observes his respective
duties and vows, without having self-absorption as his real aim, he
falls far short of the standard and cannot be called the real follower of
the path of the Conquerors, He is known as a Bahir-Atma or External Soul,
while ^ saint or a layman who believes in this Avashyaka Karma of
self-absorption tries to work up to that, and does not restrict himself
merely to the observance of external formalities, is called an Antar-Atma,
The seeker after truth should first scrutinise minutely and
carefully the principles laid down in the Scriptures by the Conquerors,
and being convinced
of their truth, he should follow them calmly and peacefully, and should
avoid all verbal wrangles or controversies with his own co-religionists as
well as with those professing other faiths. Seekers after liberation
should thus follow in the footsteps of their ancient great spiritual
Leaders, who by practising Avashyaka or independence have attained
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160. Just as light and heat exist simultaneously in the sun, so
it should be known that conation ( Darshana ) and Knowledge ( Jnana )
exist simultaneously in an Omniscient soul.
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161. If any one argues that really knowledge illuminates other
objects only, conation illuminates soul only, and the soul illuminates
itself and other objects; ( continued ).
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162. If knowledge illuminates others only, then it means that
conation ( which is said to know soul only ) is different from knowledge;
thus it is said that conation has no concern with other objects.
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163. ( If ) soul illuminates other (objects only), then conation
would be separate from soul, because, it has been said, that conation has
no concern with other objects.
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164. From the practical point of view, (just as) knowledge
illuminates other ( objects ), so does conation. From practical standpoint
( just as ) soul illuminates other objects, so does conation ( also ).
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165. From the real point of view, ( just as ) knowledge
illuminates the self ( only ), so does conation. From the real standpoint
( just as ) soul illuminates the self ( only ), so does conation ( also ).
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166. (From the real point of view), omniscient Lord realises the
nature of the self only, but not the universe and the Non-universe. If one
argues like that, what blame can be laid upon him ?