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          622. The four places of eighty etc., (i. e... of 80, 79. 78 and 77 are possible) in non subsidential stages from (the 9th) where thirteen are destroyed to the last but one instant of non-vibrating (omniscient); (the places) of ten and nine (are found) in the last instant. 

Commentary.

          In a saint who has existence of Tirthankara and Assimilative two. 80 will be found in existence from 9th stage where I S are destroyed to the last but one instant of the 14th stage. In a saint who has no existence of Tirthankara, there will be 79. In the saint who has Tirthankara. but not the Assimilative two, there will be existence of 78. While in the saint who has neither Tirthankara Karma nor the Assimilative two, only 77 will be found in existence till the last but one instant of the 14th stage. 

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          623. In hellish beings ninety-two, (ninety).one, and ninety, and in all the sub humans earth-bodied etc... ninety, two, ninety, eighty-eight, eighty-four and eighty-two are in existence. 

Commentary.

          Those hellish beings who have not yet bound Tirthankara Karma, will have 92 in existence; those who have bound Tirthankara, but not the Assimilative two, will have only 91; while those who have neither bound Tirthankara nor Assimilative two, will have only 90. All sub-humans can have any of the five. Those who have not got bondage of Tirthankara, will have only 92, and those with-out bondage of Tirthankara and Assimilative will have 90. Those who have no bondage of these three and of celestial condition and Migratory form will have existence of 88; while those who along with these five have not bound hellish condition and migratory form, fluid body and limbs will have 84 in existence. Lastly those who along with these 9, have not got bondage of human condition and migratory form will have 82 in existence. It appears that a soul having already bound Tirthankara Karma will not go down to sub-human condition; so the existence of 93 is not possible in them. 

Existence places in hellish beings.

Stages

No. of places

I

92. 91. 90

II

90.

III

92. 90.

IV

92.91. 40

Existence places in sub-humans.

Stages

No. of places

I

92. 90. 88. 84. 82

II

90.

III

92. 90.

IV

92.90

V

92. 90

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          624. There are twelve .existence places in humans, except�ing that of eighty, two. The four places of eighty etc., (i. e., of 80, 79, 78 and 77) and the six places (i. e., these four with 10 and 9 are found respectively) in the two omniscients. 

Commentary .

          There are altogether 13 existence places as stated in Verse 610. Of these the place of 81 is not possible in humans, as it has no existence of matter of human condition and Migratory form. 

Existence places in humans.

Stages

No. of places

I

92. 91. 90. 88. 81

II

90.

III

92. 90.

IV

93.92.91.90

V

93.92.91.90

VI

93.92.91.90

VII

93.92.91.90

VIII S.

93.92.91.90

VIII D.

93.92.91.90

IX S.

93.92.91.90

IX D.

93.92.91.90

80.79.78.77

X S.

93.92.91.90

X D.

80.79.78.77

XI

93.92.91.90

XII

80.79.78.77

XIII

80.70.78.77

XIV

80.79.78.77

XIV Last instant.

10.9

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          625. There are respectively even and odd places in Tirthankaras and (ordinary) omniscients. The Assimilative (saints have) ninety-three and (ninety-two). while the first four places are found in celestials.  

Commentary.

          Tirthankaras. in the 18th stage, will have even places of 80 and 78; and in 14th stage, of 80, 78 and 10; while ordinary omniscients will have odd places of 79 and 77 in 18th, and of 79, 77 and 9 in the 14th stage.

          The Assimilative saints will have 98, when they have got bondage of Tirthankara Karma; but only 92 on non-bondage of ,Tirthankara Karma. Celestials have the first four places as �below :� 

In stage I

92.90

In stage II

90

In stage III

92.90

In stage IV

93. 92. 91. 90

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          626. (There are) existence, places of ninety-two, ; and ninety, only among the Residentials three. the beings of Enjoyment-region. and those of the four underneath earth5. And (the place of) ninety (is) in Downfall stage. 

Commentary.

In Verse 625. we have shown places of 93 and 91 also in celestials. As a soul with Tirthankara Karma in existence will not be born in the Residential three, so there cannot be places of 99 or 91 (which include Tirthankara Karma) in the residentials three. Similarly such a soul will not be born in Enjoyment region, so humans and sub-humans of that region will not have 98 and 91. A soul with Tirthanakara Karma in existence cannot go to hell beyond the third; so beings residing in 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th hells will not have 99 and 91.

          A soul with Tirthankara or Assimilative two goes to Downfall stage. The place of 90 only is therefore possible, among beings in that stage. 

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          627. Bondage, Operation. Existence-places and combinations concerning the main classes and sub-classes have of course been described. Now we shall mention (places and) Combinations with reference to the three connections (i. e., bondage. operation and existence). 

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          628. Those binding eight, seven or six classes have all the eight Karmas in 9peration (and Existence); (those binding) one class have three kinds (of Operation and Existence); in non. bondage. (there is) one kind (of Operation and Existence). 

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          629. Of the combinations of Bondage. Operation and Existence. the. second one is found during the Mixed stage and the two. New (and Advanced thought activity stages), the first two till the stage of Full vows, and the third etc., during stages of Slightest delusion etc.

Commentary.

          This verse deals with the main 8 classes of Karmas.

          When age Karma is bound, there is bondage of all the 8 Karmas, otherwise only of 7. Bondage of Age and Deluding Karma ceases in the 10th stage, so there is bondage of six only in that stage. In the 11th, 12th and 13th stages, only one, the Feeling Karma is bound. There is no bondage of any Karma in the 14th stage. Till the 10th stage, all the 8 Karmas are in Operation and Existence also.) I n the 11th stage, there is Operation of seven, except Deluding Karma, but all the eight are in Existence. In the 12th stage there is both Operation and Existence of seven excepting Deluding Karma. In the 13th stage there is Operation and Existence of four only. So when there is bondage of one Karma, there are three variations. In the 14th stage of non-bondage; there is Operation and Existence at four Karmas. The following table, with the explanation below shows the conditions of Bondage, Operation and Existence of 8 Karmas. 

Bondage.

8 (a)

7 (b)

6 (c)

1 (d)

1 (e)

1 (f)

0 (g)

Operation.

8

8

8

7 (d)

7 (e)

4 (f)

4 (g)

Existence.

8

8

8

8

7 (e)

4 (f)

4 (g)

Combinations.

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

           (a) in stages first to 7th, except 3rd.

          (b) in stages 3rd, 7th, 9th where of Karma is not bound.

          (c) in stage 10th, where Age and Deluding Karmas are riot bound.

          (d) in 11th stage where only the Feeling Karma is bound and Deluding Karma is not in Operation.

          (e) only Feeling Karma is bound, and Deluding Karma is either    in operation nor in Existence.

          (f) in 13th stage where only Feeling Karma is bound, and only four, the Non destructive Karmas are in Operation and Existence.

          (g) in the 14th stage where there is no Bondage but Operation and Existence of 4 Non-destructive Karmas.   

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          630. Bondage, Operation and Existence of the five (sub, classes) of knowledge obscuring and Obstructive Karmas (are possible till the 10th stage); and on cessation of their bondage (in 11th and 12th stages} the same five (in each of the two stages, 11th and 12th) (are! in Operation and Existence. 

Commentary.

          Bondage of all the five sub-classes of knowledge obscuring and Obstructive Karmas goes on till the 10th stage, but their Operation and Existence remain till the 12th stage. This is shown below in a tabular form. 

Stages.

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

XII

XIII

XIV

Bondage.

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

0

0

0

0

Operation.

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

0

0

Existence.

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

0

0

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          631-632. With regard to the second (Conation) obscuring Karma, when nine (sub-classes) are bound. five or four (of them) are operative (at a time). while nine remain in Existence; the same, when six are bound; and on bondage of four, the same; and there is existence of six also. When bondage ceases, five or four are in Operation. and nine or six are in Existence; there are also four, both (in Operation and Existence). 

          Having described the third (Feeling Karma), Family and Age (Karmas), I shall thereafter describe Deluding (Karma). 

Commentary.

          Conation-obscuring Karma has 9 sub-classes. All are bound in Wrong belief and Downfall stages at a time, but only four, excepting sleep, or five taking lout of 5 kinds of sleep Karma, operate at a time, while all the 9 remain in Existence. The three, Somnambu�lism, Deep sleep and Deep-drowsiness cease to bind from third stage till the first part of the 8th stage of both the ladders. Thus there is bondage of 6 while there is operation of 4 or 5 as above, and all the nine remain in Existence. Sleep and Drowsiness cease to bind from the 2nd part of the 8th stage to the Subsidential l0th stage or to Destructive 9th stage, where 16 sub-classes are destroyed; thus there is Bondage of four only, but 4 or 5 Operate and 9 remain in Existence. From the 9th stage of Destructive ladder where 16 are de�3troyed to the 10th, � are in Bondage, � or 5 are Operative and 6 only are in Existence. On cessation of their Bondage,  or 5 operate in both the 11th and 12th stages, but there is Existence of 9 in 11th, and of 6 in 12th till last but one instant; while in its last instant only� are in Operation and Existence both. This is shown below in a tabular form. 

S = subsidential ladder; 0 = Destructive ladder. 

Stage.

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

XII

S.

D.

S.

D.

S.

D.

0

Last Instant.

Bondage

9

9

6

6

6

6

6

6,4

6,4

4

4

4

4

0

0

0

Operation

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4

Existence

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9,6

9

6

9

6

4

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          633-634. Either of the (two) Pleasing and Painful Feeling (Karmas), as may be possible, Bind and Operate (at a time), while both (of them) remain in Existence till the Vibratory (Omniscient stage). In the last (Non-vibrating stage), the one which is Operative remains in Existence (also. There are four combinations of each place of Feeling (Karma) till the 6th (stage), two combinations till the Vibrating, conqueror (stage); while four combinations (are possible) in Non-vibrating Conquerors.

Commentary.

          Feeling Karma is of two kind... Pleasure and Pain. Only one of them is bound and is operative at a time. Both cannot be bound nor can they operate simultaneously. But both of them can be found in Existence together. From the first to the 6th stage of Imperfect Vows, there is carelessness and outward dealings with persons and things. The stages from 7th onwards are all found when a saint is absorbed in soul contemplation. Therefore till 6th there are four combinations in Feeling Karma, thus� :�

          (1) There may be Bondage and Operation of Pleasure only, with Existent of both Pain and Pleasure. This is possible when a soul enjoys a pleasure, with in-ward non attachment..

          (2) There may be Bondage of Pleasure, but Operation of Pain, with Existence of both. This is possible when a� soul calmly suffers troubles and misfortunes.

          (3) There may be Bondage of pain, but Operation or� Pleasure, with Existence of both. This is possible when a soul deeply indulges in sensual gratifications.

          (4) There may be Bondage and Operation of Pain only, with Existence of both. This happens when a soul has painful and vexing thought activity at the time of sufferings. diseases, and calamities.

          Chart of Feeling Karma from I to VI stage. 

Combinations

1

2

3

4

Bondage

Pleasure

Pleasure

Pain

Pain

Operation

Pleasure

Pain

Pleasure

Pain

Existence

Both

Both

Both

Both.

 In stages VII to XIII there are 2 combinations.

 

1

2

Bondage

Pleasure

Pleasure

Operation

Pleasure

Pain

Existence

Both

Both.

           (1) There is Bondage and Operation of Pleasure and with Existence of both. Saints do not feel gratified under agreeable circumstances.

          (2) There is Bondage of Pleasure and Operation of Pain with Existence of both. When calamities and misfortunes happen a saint remains calm and peaceful, engaged in good or pure thought. activity.

          In the 14th stage there is no Bondage of any Feeling Karma. are still possible 

Bondage

0

0

0

0

Operation

Pleasure

Pain

Pleasure

Pain

Existence

Both

Both

Pleasure

Pain

           (1) There may be Operation of Pleasure with Existence of both. 

           (2) There may be Operation 01 Pain with Existence of both, This is possible when an omniscient dies under sufferings brought about by nature or by any of his enemies.

          (3) There may be Operation of Pleasure with Existence of Pleasure only.

          (4) There may be operation of ,Pain with Existence of Pain only.

          In this stage both Pain and Pleasure can be found in Existence till the last but one instant of the period of the stage. In the last instant anyone of two will be found in Existence, i. e., that sub-class, which is Operative will be in Existence.

          The possible combinations of Feeling Karma in all the 14 stages. are shown below. 

Stages

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

XII

XIII

XIV

Total

Combinations

4

4

4

4

4

4

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

4

42

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    ׫����֢�ִֵ�����ן� �� �ָ���� ����� �־���� �֢�ִ�� ll 635 ll 

          635. Bondage and Operation of any of the Low and High (Family Karma), as may be possible, Occur (at a time), but both (of them) can be in Existence till (last but one instant of) the Non.. vibrating (omniscient stage). There is Existence of High (Family only) in the last (instant). 

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    �������׾֍����� �֍���� ��ߓ�� �� ׫���� �� �֢��� ��� ll 636 ll 

          636. In fire and air, bodied souls which have untwisted High (family Karma), there is existence of low only. In the remaining one (sensed), not all (sensed) and �all (sensed beings there is) existence of either low or both (of them).  

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    ���֮֯�ϣִ֍�ֻ�� ��ߓִ���� �־���� �֢�ִ�� ll 637 ll 

          6.37. When fire arid air, bodied souls having untwisted High Family Karma, (take birth after death) in all, (sensed), not (sensed) and the rest one..(sensed beings) there is existence from birth of only one, Low (Family Karma) for one (antar muhurta) period. 

Commentary.

          Those fire and air-bodied souls which have untwisted. High Family Karma, have only Low Family Karma in Existence throughout their life-duration. When they die and take birth in the rest, One-sensed, not all sensed. all-sensed beings. they have Family Karma in existence, at least for one antar muhurta from the instant of their birth. Afterwards� they may have High Family Karma also in Existence, if they bind it. 

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    ������: ���ϵ���א�ו֭�� ���� �֛���� �־�׭�� ׭ִֵ��� ll 638 ll 

          638. There are five combinations of Family (Karma) in it. Wrong-belief (stage), four (in the second), two in the three (i. u-.. 3rd to 5th stage), one in (each of the) 8 stages (from 6th to 13th), and of course two combinations in Non vibrating conqueror. 

Commentary.

          There are altogether 7 combinations in Family Karma as follows:

          (I) Bondage and Operation of Low, with Existence of Low Family Karma.

          (2) Bondage and Operation of Low, with existence of High and Low.

          (3) Bondage of Low, Operation of High, and Existence of both.

          (4) Bondage and Operation of High, with existence of both.

          (5) Bondage of High, operation of Low, with Existence of both.

          (6) No bondage, but Operation of High and Existence of both.

          (7) No bondage, but Operation and Existence of High only.         

          All these combinations are possible on account of different thought-activities. A person having operation of High Family Karma is proud of his position or despises others, then he will bind Low family Karma. Again if the soul, so situated, is not elated with pride, but loves and praises another�s good qualities, it will bind High Family Karma.

          A person having Operation of Low Family Karma is well-�behaved, and has regard for other good persons of high conduct, then he will bind High Family Karma. 

          These seven combinations are shown below:�� 

Combinations.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Bondage

Low

Low

Low

High

High

0

0

Operation

Low

Low

High

High

Low

High

High

Existence

Low

Both

Both

Both

Both

Both

High

           To consider these combinations with reference to stages. The first five are possible in Wrong-belief Sage; four combinations from second to 5th in Downfall stage, because fire and air-bodied souls are never found in this stage. There are only two combinations, the fourth and the fifth in the 3 stages, 3rd to 5th. There is only one combination, the 4th, curing 5 stages, from 6th to 10th. In stages from 11th to 13th, there is only one, the 6th combination. In the 14th stage there are two com binalions the 6th and 7th; till its last but one instant there is operation of High with existence of both but in the last instant only High Family Karana is in Operation and Existence. These combinations of Bondage, Operation, and Existence of High and Low Family Karma in the 14 stages are shown below in tabular form (h = High, I = Low, b= Both.

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