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Stages

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

 

25 is thus the rotal number of combinations

H

B

Number of possible combinations

5

4

2

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bondage

l

L

L

H

H

L

L

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

0

0

0

0

0

Operation

L

L

H

H

L

L

H

H

L

H

L

H

L

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

Existence

L

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

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    �ָ�ן�׸���� �־�־�ֈ� ןֳ�֐������۴�� �������� ll 639 ll

    ����ֳ���� �����ֈ� �������־���ֽ���� �� ��Ӭ��ן� l

    �א�׾֐ֻ�� �ָ�ן�׸���� ��ꈤ����� �֢֐�� ן�׸���� ll 640 ll ��㴴�� l

    ���׭ָ���� �ָ�ןֵ�Ԙ��� �ִ֝����־�׿�™���� þ֍�ֵ����: l

    �ָ�ןֵ�Ԙ��: �־��Ե������ ס���֐ֿ����� �����™���� l 639 ll

    ����ֳ���� �����ֵ��: �ִ֝����־�׿�™���� �� �֬��ۭ�� l

    ���׾֍���� �ָ�ןֵ�Ԙ��� ������׫����� �֯֟֍��: ןֵ�Ԙ�ִ�� ll 640 ll ��㐴ִ�� l

 

          639-640. The celestials and hellish beings (bind) human or sub-human (age Karma), when at the most six months remain in their (current) age; humans and sub-humans (bind) all the (four) ages when one third (of their age) remains. Beings of enjoyment region bind only celestial age when six months (of their age) remain.

 

          One (sensed) and not all (sensed beings}, (bind) human & sub-human (age), (but) fire...bodied, air-bodied. and beings of the seventh hell (bind) only sub-human (age Karma).

 

    �֐��֐֐֤�ߝִ�ֈ� ����פ� ��Ӭ�� �פ���֐��� �ִ�� l

    ���� �֢�� ��� ���ϲ�Ӭ� ����� �����֐֟�� �֢�� ll 641 l

    þ֍�þ֍��֟�߭�ִ�ֵ������ן� �֭��� ���ߝ�ԍ���� �ִִ�� l

    ��� �֢��� ��� ���ϲ֭��� ���������֐֟�� �֢�ִ�� ll 641 ll

 

          641. The age Karma corresponding to the respective con�ditions of existence is operative there. On bondage of age Karma for future life). (there will be) two (age Karma) in existence (i. e., the bound age Karma) and the operative one; but when (age� Karma) is� not bound. Only the one in Operation (will be) in Existence.

 

    ����� ����� ����ֈ �����־�� ��Ӭִ��פ� ���ꐐ֤֯�� l

    ���ϛ���ָ����� �֟��׾� �ןֳ֐������� �� �־־֟�� ll 642 ll

    ������ô֮�����ֵ�������־�� �֭�ִ��ן� ���ꐵ֤֯�� l

    ����™���ָ�� ��� �֡��ׯ� סֳ�֐ֿ����� ��� �־�ԡ� ll 642 ll

 

          642. Only one age (Karma) is bou.�1CI in a soul, existing in any condition of life, at the proper time, on eight occasions only; that too always. (when on each of such occasions) a third part of the operative age remains.

   

    �א־�ָ�� ��ە�֟�� ����� ��֝�� ���Ͼ�׽���� ����פ� l

    ������ֽ��֑�֤��� ���� ��׸��� �־����� ��߾�֝�� ll 643 ll

    �����ָ�� �֕��׵֟��� ���۬��: ���׭�: ���Ͼ��ã�ן�: �־�ן� l

    ���ϯ־֟�ԭ֑�֟�: ����: ��׸��� �־ֿ��� ��߾�֭�ִ�� ll 643 ll

 

          643. Except the first occasion (when age Karma is bound), there may be increase, decrease or steadiness (of the duration of the age so bound, at each of the remaining cccasions), and decrease of duration can happen only according to trought-activities of the souls. This decrease is called) Apavartanaghata.

 

Commentary.

          Age Karma is not bound at every moment like the other seven classes of Karmas. It is not bound in celestial, hellish, and in beings of the Enjoyment region before 6 months remain in their life duration, and in humans and sub-humans of work-region before 1/3rd of their age is yet to pass. During the last six months of the age in the case of the forcer  and during a third period of age in case of the caller  a soul has 6 occasions for bondage of age Karma each lasting for one Antar-muhurta. Such an (casino comes after the expiry of two-thirds of the age then remaining. A celestial will have the first occasion when 6 months remain in his life. The second will come when� months have passed away. the third time when 2/3rd of the 2 months have expired. The other 5 occasions may be calculated in this earner. In humans of Work region the first occasion will come when 1/3rd of life remains. The second on expiry of 1/3rd of the remaining 2/3rd and so on. Take the case of a person who has an age of 81 years. The first occasion comes at the age of 54, second at the age of 72. third at the age of 78 and so on. After it has been bound. its duration can be increased, or lessened or maintained on subsequent occasions for bondage of age Karma. Only one sub class of age Karma can be bound by a soul in its life. time.

 

    ��ֲִ�Ӭ�� ��Ӭ�� ��ָ�����Ӭ��׾� ����ן� ��Ӑ�� ��� l

    �������ꌍ�۴�� �־�� ����ֈ� ��כ� �ֵ�� םִֵ�� l 644 ll

    ��ֲִ�֬�� �֭��� ��ָ��ֲ֭���ׯ� �־�׭֟� �֛��� ��� l

    ���õ����ô֭�� �־�� ���ֵ��: ���ן� �ֵ��� ׭ִֵ�֟�� ll 644 ll

 

          644. Thus. with reference to non, bondage. bondage as well as over, bondage (Uparata Bandha). as a rule there are three com, binations for each age Karma in one life of one soul.

 

Commentary.

          A soul in any of the four conditions .of existence has operation of that very age in which condition it is existing. That is called the Operative (Bhujyamana) age. But it has to bind any of the four age Karmas for future life. Age Karma is however bound on special occasions only as stated before, so there are three combination periods in that very life :��

 

(1) That in which age Karma is bound; (2) that in which age Karma is bound; (3) that in which age Karma for future life has already been bound. which is called over-bondage period. In both of the latter periods, there is Existence of two age Karmas, with Operation of one only.

          There are thus 3 combinations as below in respect of each Age-�Karma.

 

Non-bondage

0

Bondage

1

Over-Bondage

1

Operation

1

Operation

1

Operation

1

Existence

1

Existence

2

Existence

2

 

 

   

    ����ֈ��� ןֳ�Ӑ�� ��ӳ־�։���� ���׈��� ��֝�� l

    ��߾�� �אֳ־ֳ�Ӑ�� �����֐����� ����׸����� ll 645 ll

    ���ֵ����: סֳ֛��� ����־�ֵ��ٳ�ß��׈��� ��֭�� l

    ��߾����� ����־ֳ֛��� ������֐�����ִ��֥���� ll 645 ll

 

          645. Taking the three combinations of one age- (Karma) and multiplying (them) with (the number of) age (Karmas) possible (to be bound in one condition of life), (we get) combinations in one condition of life, with reference to different souls. (/n order to get) unreported combinations we must subtract one (from the number of age possible to be bound and the result) be deducted from the total (combinations in each condition of life).

 

Commentary.

          Hellish beings can bind two age-Karma only i. e., sub-human and human, and the combinations are :2 x 3 = 6.

          Unrepeated combinations are 6 � (2 � 1) = 5.

          Celestial beings also bind the two age. Karma, sub-human and human, so the total com binations are 6 and unr-epeated ones are 5. Humans and sub-humans, both, can bind all the foul� ages; total combinations for each are 4x3=12. Unrepeated combination for each are 12-(4-1)=9.

          Thus total combinations for the 4 condition of life will be 6+6+ 12+12=36, and Unrepeated combinations for them will be 5+5+ 9+9:28

 

    �֝� �־� �־� �֝� ��Ӑ�� ����ֈ�ֈ������� ����ן� ״֓��۴�� l

    םָ���ֈ��Ӭֳ�Ӑ������ ��� ���� ײ�פ��֐���� ll 646 ll

    �֘�� �־� �־� �֘�� �֛��� ����ֵ�㿓֟������� �־�׭֟� ״֣��� l

    ׭ָ���ֵ���ԭ�ֳ֛���������ß�� ���� ׫���ߵ֐���� ll 646 ll

 

          646. There are five, nine, nine and five combinations� of age (Karma respectively) in four conditions of existence in wrong belief (stage); the same (are) in the second stage excepting combinations of bondage of hellish age.

 

Commentary.

          As shown under Verse 645, all the unrepeated combinations in the wrong belief stage in hellish, sub-human, human and celestial con�ditions 5+9+9+5=28 are found. Hellish age is not bound by a soul in the Downfall stage, so N-S.H.-2 and N-H-2 will not be counted in sub-human and human conditions. 26 combinations will thus be found.

   

    �־��ֈ��Ӭ���Ӑ������ ״����۴�� ���ϵ֤�����םָ���� l

    �ָ�ן�׸���� ן�׸���։� ן֝��ֈ�ֲ�Ӭֳ�Ӑ���� ll 647 ll

    �־��Ե���ԭ�� �֛��������� ״���� ���ϵ֟�����׭ָ���� l

    �ָ�ןָ�ۿ�� ןֵ�Ԑ�ֵ�� : ס֍�ֵ����֭�� �֛������: ll 647 ll

 

          647. In Mixed (stage), all the combinations of bondage of age (Karma) should be deducted; in Vowless (stage) during the celestial and hellish (conditions of life), and in humans and sub, humans (respectively), the combinations of bondage of sub-human age and three ages, (the celestial) should not be counted.

 

Commentary.

          As age Karma .is not bound in mixed stage, so S/H-N-2. H-N-2 in hellish condition, N-S/H-2-S/H-S/H-2, H-S/H-2, C-S/H.-2 in sub-human condition, the same I in human condition, and S/H�B-2 and H-O-2 in celestial condition should not be taken into account. Thus there will be 3+5+5+3=16 COJT binations only. The hellish and celestial beings do not bind sub-human age in Vowless stage, so S/H-N-2 and S/H-C-2 will not be taken into account; thus there V m be only 4 combinations in each of them. Sub-humans and humans in Vowless stage do not bind any other age than the celestial, therefore N-S/H-2, S/H-S/H-2, H-S/H-2 and N-H-2, S H-H-2, H-H-2 respectively will be deducted from combinations of both of them thus leaving 6 combinations in each of two. Total com binations in vowelss stage will be 4+4+6+6=20.

 

    ���� �ָ�� ן�׸���� ןֵ�ןֳֵ֐�� ����ן� �����ִ֢֐�� l

    ןֳֵ�Ӑ�� ����ִ֐�� ������� �ֲ֐����� ���������� ll 648 ll

    ���� �ָ� ןָ�ۿ�� ס�׍�9֍��ֈ˸�� �־�׭֟� ��š��ִ֯֟֍�� l

    ס֍��֛��� ��ִֿ֍�� ������ ���� �֯֍��–�� ������: ll 648 ll

 

          648. In Partial (vow stage) there are (respectively) three and three combinations in humans and sub-humans. (There are) three combinations in (each of) the sixth and seventh stages, two in each (of the four stages) of sub-sidential (ladder) and one in each (of the six stages) of the Destructive.

 

Commentary.

          Celestial age only can be bound in partial-vow stage; so there will be three combinations o-S/H-I; C-S/H-2 C/O/B-S/H-2 in sub-humans and also three combinations O-H-I; C-H-�2; C/O/B�H-2 in humans. The latter three combinations are possible in each of 6th and 7th stages. As there is no bondage of age Karma beyond the 7th Hage, there will be only two combinations such as O-H-I and CIOIB-H-2 in each of 8th, 9th and 10th and 11th stages of subsidential ladder, and only one i. e., C-H-I in 8th and 9th, 10th, 11th, 13th, and 14th stages where Karmas are being destroyed.

   

    ���ϛ���������� ������־����� ��ע֐�ן֐� �� �֤����� ������ l

    ������׸��ֳ�Ӑ�� �֢��� ���ϕ��ؐ�̟����� ��������� ll 649 ll

    ����™���؛��ֿ�ן�: ������� ؾֿ�ן�: �֛�� ס֍�ס֍�� �� �֟������ ׫������ l

    �����֥��ֳ�Ӑ��: �֟� ���ϵ��ꐵ֭����� ������ : ll 649 ll

          649. The unrepeated combinations (of age Karma during 14 stages are respectively) twenty-eight, (twenty),six, sixteen, twenty, six, three and three, two each in four and then one each till the Non-vibratory (omniscient).

 

Commentary.

          The total number of combinations of age-Karma in The 14 stages including the subsidential and destructive ladders in the 8th, 9th and 10th stages will come to 1/28 + 11/26+111/16+IV/20+V/6+VI/3+VII/3+VIII S./2+VIII D./2+VIII.D./2+IX S./2+IX.S/2+IX.D./2+X.S/1+X.D./1+XI/2+XII/1+XIII/1+XIV, i.e. 116

 

          Here S, denotes subsidential; and D, the destructive ladder.

 

    ��֤�ֻ�� �֝������� ������������� �ֵ�� �� ����םֵ�� l

    ��֤�� ����ֈ۴�� ����� ״֓���פ�����א֝��� ��Ӑ�� ll 650 ll

    ��֓֟���ظ��֟�� �֘��ؾֿ�ן�: �������׬֍�� �֟�� �� ������ߵ� l

    ����� ����ֵ����� �־����: ״֣��֪����א֭��� �֛���: ll 650 ll

 

          650. There are forty-two, twenty-five and one-hundred six, teen combinations respectively of Feeling, Family and Age (Karmas) in the (14 stages from) Wrong belief to Non Vibratory (omniscient).

 

Commentary.

          This has been shown already under verses 634, 638, and 649 above.

 

    ����םֵ�� ���ϛ���Ӑ�� ������ �֢��� ����ן� ��Ӑ�� ��� l

    �֝� �־� �־� �֝� ��Ӑ�� ����ֈ�ֈ������� ׾���׸����� ll 651 ll

    ������ߵ�� ����™� �֛��� ������ �֯���� �־�׭֟� �֛��� ��� l

    �֘�� �־� �־� �֘�� �֛��� ����ֵ�㿓֟������� ׾��֥����: ll 651 ll

 

          651. There are unperfected eight (root) combinations in Feeling (Karma), only seven combinations in Family (Karma), and five, nine and five combinations respectively in the four age Karmas (hellish, sub-human, human and cekstials).

 

Commentary.

          Of the S root com binations in Fee1ing Karma, four are with reference to Bondage, Operation and Existence and 4 with reference to Non-bondage, Operation and Existence. See Verse 634. The 1 root combinations of Family Karma are shown in Verse 638. For the 28 combinations of the 4 Age Karma See Verse 645.

 

 

    ��������� �� ��Ӭ�������ֽ֢�֝�֝� �־����Ӑ�� ��� l

    �֢�ꈢ�� �� ����� ןֵ���ӕ�����׾� �־�֟�� ll 652 ll

    ������õ� �� �֭��������֢��ã�֭�֭��� �־�� �֛��� ��� l

    ��ϟ�����ꟍ�� �� �־�׭֟� ס֍���ӵ�����ׯ� �־�ԡ� ll 652 ll

 

          652. Necessarily, all the combinations concerning Bondage, Operation and Exi5tence of Deluding Karma in the combination of these three (conditions) also are always the same; as has been said separately of each.

 

    ���Ͻ���� ������ ��Ӭ��� ������ �֤�� ן� �������� �ֈ��� �֢��׸� l

    ן�ם֝� �� �������� �֢�� ן֝֝��֤�� �ֈ��� �֝֐� ןֵ�� ll 653 ll

    ����םֵ֙���߲�Ӭ�ןֵ�� �֤֝���֋���ָ��������ֈ�������� l

    �א� �֢��׸� �� ��ӟ�� �֢��� ן֝֝��� ����������� l 654 ll ��㴴�� l

    ����™���� ����� �֭�� ������: �֟��ָ�: �ֵ�: ������: �֟������ �֟��ָ�: l

    ���ם� �� ����ֿ�: �֢��� �����׫���� �֟������ �֘�֍�� ס֍���� ll 653 ll

    ����׭־��עֲ֭��ס֍�� �֘��׫������֤��� ��斴�������ӿ��: l

    ���: �֟��ָ���� ��֭��� �֢��� ��ߋ���� ������õ� ll 654 ll ��㐴ִ�� l

 

          653-654. The Bondage (places) of Deluding (Karma is) . one in (each of the first) eight (stages); (its) Operation (places are) four (in the first stage), and three (each) in (the next) two, four in (each of the next) four, and three only (in the 8th stage). (Its) existence (-places are) respectively three, one, and two (in the first three stages), five in (each of the next) four, and three (in the 8th stage). These three Bondage, (Operation and Existence, places are respectively) five, two and eleven in Advanced (trought, activity stage). Operation and Existence (-places are respectively) one and four in Slightest-delusion); only three Existence (-places are) in Subsided (delusion).

          Bondage, Operation and Existence places of Deluding Karma, in 11 stages  are shown in the chart below,

 

Stages.

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

Bondage-Place

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

5

0

0

Operation-Place

4

3

3

4

4

4

4

3

2

1

0

Existence-Place

3

1

2

5

5

5

5

3

11

4

3

   

    ��־����� ���ֵ֓։� ���ϛ������ןֵ�� �� ״֓����Ӭ�֤�� l

    �א־����� �־ֵ�ןֵ�� ���Ͻ�־����� �� ײ�פ��֐���� ll 655 ll

    ���ؾֿ�ן�: ���֍��֟�����™��ؾֿ�ן�ס֍�� �� ״֣��� �֭���פ�: l

    ���ؾֿ�ן�: �־֍�ס֍���™��ؾֿ�ןֿ�� ׫���ߵ֐���� ll 655 ll

 

          655. In wrong belief (stage). the Bondage etc.. (i. e . Bond, age, Operation and Existence are respectively) twenty, two, the fourteen. (nine, eight. seven); and the three twenty eight. (twenty, seven and twenty six). In second stage (they respectively are) twenty-one; the three nine. (eight and seven) and twenty eight.

 

Commentary.

          It has been shown before, that a soul in the Wrong belief stage can bind only 22 sub-classes of Deluding Karma at a time i. e., the 16 main passions, Wrong belief, Fear and Disgust with anyone of the three sex inclinations, anyone of the two Indulgence and Ennui, and anyone of the two Laughter and Sorrow. In the same stage a soul can have operation of 10, 9, 8 or 7 sub-classes of Deluding Karma at a time, i. e , Wrong belief, 4, kinds of anger, pride, deceit or greed, Fear and Disgust, anyone of the three sexes, any of the two Indul�gence and Ennui, and any of two Laughter and Sorrow. They are 10. Taking away either fear or disgust, they will be 9. Leaving out both of them, they will be 8. When a soul which has transformed Error�feeding passions into lesser ones comes down to Wrong. belief stage, it will not have Operation of Error feeding passions for an Avali. Then one kind of the 4 passions will not operate. Thus there will be 9, 8 or 7 in Operation at a time. Thus there are only� places of Operation in this stage But therein be Existence of all the 28, or 27 excepting Clouded-belief or of  6 excepting Mixed and Clouded� belief.

 

          I n Downfall stage. Wrong-belief will not be bound; thus there will be bondage of 21 at a time. It should. benighted that Common sex is also not bound in this stage. yet the number of sub-classes bound at a time will not be less than 21. Wrong belief Karma will not operate, therefore 9, 8, or 7 will operate at a time in this stage. All the 28 sub-classes must be in Existence here, because this stage is always acquired by a soul when falling from the Subsidential right belief in the 4th stage, where matter of Wrong belief Karma takes three forms of Wrong. belief, Mixed and Clouded-belief.

 

    �ָ֢���� �־ֵ�ןֵ�� ���ϛ��ֈ������ ������׾� �ָ֢���� l

    �־֓ֈ ���ϛ��ֈ����� �� ן־����ןִֵ���ֵ�� �ֈ��� ll 656 ll

    �֤֯֟��� �־֍��ִֵ�™��֟��ھֿ�� ���ָ�ׯ� �֤֯֟��� l

    �־֓֟�����™��֟��ھֿ�� �� �ֵ���ؾִֵֿ֡�ӿ֍�� �֟������ ll 656 ll

 

          656. (In Mixed stage) seventeen (are bound); the three (places of) nine (eight or seven operate); twenty eight or (twenty) four remain in existence). (In Vowkss stage) seventeen (are bound); the four (places of) nine eight. seven or six operate; twenty-eight. (twenty-four). and the thee (places of) twine Y  three (twenty two. and twenty-one are in) Existence till four (stages. from Vow less to Perfect vow).

 

Commentary.

          As the four Error feeding passions are not bound in the Mixed stage, the numbed� of sub-classes in Hondas at a time will be 21-4=17. It should be noted. that here female sex is not bound, yet the number of binding sub-classes will not 1:1� less than 17. As there will be no operation of any of the four Error feeding passions, one sub- class will be lessened, but mixed sub-class will be in operation, thus there will be operation of 9 or 8 or 7 in this stage. There will be existence of 28 or 24 only or transformation of four error. feeding passions. In Vow less stage, the same 17 as in Mixed stage are bound. The. Operation-pieces 9.re of 9, B, 7, 6 with reference to non-operation of Error-feeding passions, arid operation of Clouded. belief and its n-n-operation in Subsidential and Destructive right belief. The Existence-plaques are 5, i.e., a II 28, 24 on transformation of Error feeding passions, 23 on Destruction of wrong belief, 22 on destruction of Mixed Belief also, 21 on destruction of Clouded Belief also. The same 5 places are also found in Partial vow, I m perfect vow and Perfect vow stages.

 

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          657. In Partial (vow stage. the bondage-place is of thirteen; (the operation, places are) four (i.e.,) of eight (seven. six, and five); in Imperfect �.vow) and the other, (Perfect vow stage, bondage is of) nine, the operation pacts are.) four, of seven etc., (i.e., of seven, six, five and four). Then (in New tough, activity stage� the three bondage (opercltion,  Existence) are respectively of nine sub classes), of three (places) six etc., i.e., seven five and four), and of twenty eight, (twenty) four and (twenty) one; and (the same twenty one in destructive ladder).

 

Commentary.

          In Partial vow stage, the four Partial van preventing passions arc not bound, thus only 13 are bound. Operation of Partial-vow� preventing passions is dedt:cted, so we have operation of 8, 7, 6, and 5. The Existence places are the same five as in the previous stage. In both the 6th an-! 7th stages the four Totalvaw-preventing passions arc not bound, thus only nincnrc bound. Total-vow. preventing passion ceases to op3rale, thus there is operation of 7, 6, 5 and 4. The Existence. places are the same 5 as in 4th stage. In the 8th stage also the bondage is of 9; and as Clouded Belief does not operate, operation is of 6, 5 and 4 only. The Existence places are 3 in sub-sidentialladdel i.e., ~S, & 24 on transformation of the four error-feeding passions, and of 21 in the Destructive Right Believer. 1 he same 21 are in Existence in the 8th stage of the Destructive ladder.

 

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          658. In the ninth stage, the Bondage (places are) five of five etc.. (i.e., of five. four, three, two and one) and the operation (is) of two and one; the Existence {is) of twenty-eight, (twenty), four, (and twenty) one (in Subsidential ladder, while there are eight (Existence places) of thirteen Etc., (i.e., of 13, 12, 11. 5, 4, 3. 2 clod 1 in the Destructive ladder).

 

Commentary.

          In the 9th stage all minor pll55icns cease to bind except male sex; so in its first part, there is bondage of the four Perfect vow� preventing passions and of one sex, the male; in its second part, male sex ceases, and only 4 arc bound. In its third part, anger ceases, and only 3 are ,bound. In its fourth part, pride cease--, and only 2 are bound. In its fifth part deceit cease, and only one, greed is bound. Thus there are five Bondage places. Only two operation� places are found; i.e., one of any of the four passions with male sex, and of only one passion without the male sex. The Existence places are the same three, ire, of ;08, H, and 21 as in the previous stage in Subsidential ladder. In the Destructive ladder the four partial vow preventil1g and the four total-vow-preventing passions, common sex inclination, female sex-inclination, and the six minor passions, male inclination, perfect-vow prevailing anger, pride, deceit are destroyed; so there are 8 Existence places of 13, 12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2 and .

 

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          659. In the Slightest (delusion) spiritual stage, (there is) operation of one greed (only), twenty-eight, (twenty four and (twenty,) one exist (in Subsidential ladder and only) one (in destructive ladder); in Subsided delusion, (there is) Existence (only) 01 twenty eight, (twenty,) four and (twenty) one.

 

Commentary.

          In the 10th 5tage there is no bondage of Deluding sub-class; only the slightest greed operates, but 28, 24, and 2.1 exist in its Subsidential ladder as in the previous stage. In its destructive ladder only greed is in Existence.

          In the 11th stage there is neither Bondage nor Operation of any deluding sub-classes; only there is existence of 28,24, or 21 as in the  previous stage of Subsidential ladder. Beyond this stage, no Deluding Karma is found. The following chart will show the places of sub-classes in the 11th stage with reference to Bondage, Operation and Existence.

 

 

Stages

Bondage

Operation

Existence.

I

22

10,9,8,7

28,27,26

II

21

9,8,7

28

III

17

9,8,7

28,24

IV

17

9,8,7,6

28,24,23,22,21

V

13

8,7,6,5

28,24,23,22,21

VI

9

7,6,5,4

28,24,23,22,21

VII

9

7,6,5,4

28,24,23,22,21

VIII Subsidential

9

6,5,4

28,24,21

VIII Destructive

9

6,5,4

21

IX Subsidential

5,4,3,2,1

2,1

28,24,21

IX Destructive

5,4,3,2,1

2,1

13,12,11,5,4,3,2,1

X Subsidential

0

1

28,24,21

X destructive

0

1

1

XI

0

0

28,24,21

 

Note.-This chart agrees with the chart given under Verses 653.654.

 

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          660. (Now we should take) one (Bondage) as Adhikarana (Container) and the (other) two (Operation and Existence) as Adheya (Contained); e.g.. Operation and Existence (places) duress Bondage place; Bondage and Existence (places) during Operation� place, and Bondage and Operation (places) during Existence (place).

 

Commentary.

          The author here wants to shone the sub-classes of the Deluding Karma in three ways, by way of Cross retrench as if it were, viz:��

 

           (I) when there is Bondage of certain sub-classes of deluding Karma, how many of them will be in Operation and Existence (i) when there is Operation of certain sub-classes, how many. will be in Bondage and Existence (3) where there is Existence of EO many sub-classes, how many will be in Operation and Bondage.

 

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          661.664. During Bondage,(places) of twenty two etc., Operation and Existence (places are respectively) four and three; three and one; four ,and five in (each of) three open and six; two and eight; and one and five in (each of the last) three places. (They are respectively) four. of ten etc., and the first three; three of nine etc., and of twenty eight; the four of nine etc., and of twenty-eight, (twenty) four, (twenty) three, (twenty) two and (twenty) one; the four of eight etc., and Existence like its previous One; the four of seven, etc., and Existence like its reviews one; �of two and of twenty-eight) (twenty),four (twenty) one with the three of thirteen etc., of two and one and Existence is of the previous six with the two of five Etc., During (remaining three Bondage places) of Deluding (Karma) Operation (i5) of one in each, Existence (is) of twenty eight. (twenty) four and (twenty) one with four and three, three and two and one (respectively in each of them)

 

Commentary.

These Verses describe the Operation and Existence places with refer seance to Bondage places, as below.

 

Bondage Places.

Operation Places.

Existence Places.

 

Number.

Description.

Number.

Description.

22

4

10,9,8,7

3

28,27,26

21

3

9,8,7

1

28.

17

4

9,8,7,6

5

28,24,23,22,21.

13

4

8,7,6,5

5

28,24,23,22,21.

9

4

7,6,5,4

5

28,24,23,22,21.

5

1

2

6

28,24,21,13,12,11.

4

1

1

8

28,24,21,13,12,11,5,4.

3

1

1

5

28,24,21,4,3.

2

1

1

5

28,24,21,3,2.

1

1

1

5

28,24,21,2,1.

 

          Comparing this chart with that given under Verse 659, it is evident that this is merely a summary of what is stated there. Take an example; Bondage of 9 sub-classes occurs in the stages VI, and VII, then there can be only four Operation places of 7, 6, 5. and 4 and the Existence place will be 5 of 2B, 24, 23,22, and 21. In the 9th stage the Bondage places are 5, of these when there will be ,bondage of 5, Operation is of 2 only and Existence places will be 6 of- 2B, 24,21, 18, 12 and 11. When only 4 are in bondage, Operation is of I passion only and Existence will be of B i. e., 2B, 24, 21 in Subsidential, and 13, I~, II, 5 and 4 in Destructive ladder. When 3 are in Bondage, Operation is of I only, and existence is of 5 i. e., 28,24,21,4,3, and so on.

 

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          665.668. During (operation places of) 10 etc., the Bondage and Existence (places are respectively) one and three; three and six; four and seven; five and five; three and five; two and five; one and five; two and six; and four and nine. The Bondage (places are) respectively the first (of 22), the first three (of 22, 21. 17), the (first) four (of 22, 21,17,13), the (first) five (of 22. 21, 17. 13, and 9), the three of 17, (13 and 9) during (next) four (Operation places). The Existence (places in these Operation places are respectively) the first three (of 28, 27 and 26), the (first) six (of 28, 27, 26, 24, 23, 22), the (first) seven (from 28 to 21), (five of) twenty-eight, (twenty) four, (twenty ) three, (twenty) two and (twenty)..one (each) in (the last) two. (In the Operation places af five, the Bondage places are) two (i. e.,) of thirteen (and nine); the Existence (places) as in the previous one; (in the next, the bondage place is) of nine, the Existence (is) of twenty-eight, (twenty),four and twenty (one); beyond it, (the Bondage places are) two (i. e.,) of five (and four), the Existence (is) of twenty-eight, (twenty),four and (twenty).one, and the three, of thirteen (twelve and eleven). In the last (the Bondage places are of) four, three, two, and one; (the Existence. places are) twenty eight, (twenty).four, (twenty).one, and three, of thirteen (twelve and eleven), and all (the rest i. e.,) of eleven (five, four, three, two and one). In the last (the Bondage places are of) four, three, two, and one; the Existence places are twenty eight, (twenty). four and (twenty).one. They (are such) respectively with reference to Deluding (Karma).

 

Commentary.

 

          These verses describe the number of Bondage and Existence places with relation to Operation places as shown below.

 

Bondage Places.

Operation Places.

Existence Places.

Number.

Description.

Number.

Description.

10

1

22

3

28,27,26

9

3

22,21,17

6

28,27,26,24,23,22

8

4

22,21,17,13

7

28,27,26,24,23,22,21

7

5

22,21,17,13,9

5

28,24,23,22,21

6

3

17,13,9

5

28,24,23,22,21

5

2

13,9

5

28,24,23,22,21

4

1

9

3

28,24,21

2

2

5,4

6

28,24,21,13,12,11

1

4

4,3,2,1

9

28,24,21,11,5,4,3,2,1.

 

          Thus, where there is Operation of ten sub-classes of Deluding Karma, there will be Bondage of 22, while 28 or 27 or 26 can be in Existence. When 9 operate, Bondage of 22 or 21, or 17 is possible and Existence may be of 28, 27, 26, 24, 23 or 22 with reference to different souls. Similarly if we take the last operation place of one, i.e., of any of the four Perfect-conduct preventing passions, there can be Bondage of 4, 3, 2, or I, while Existence can be of 28, 24, 21 in Subsidential ladder, and of 11,5,4.3,2, or I in the Destructive ladder.

 

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          669-612. During Existence-places, the Bondage and Operation (places are respectively) ten and nine, one and three, (each) in the two; eight and eight: three and five (each) in the two; eight and seven; two and one (each) in the two; two and two; one and one; two and one; (each) in three; (lastly) one with zero and one. (In the first Existence place) all (the Bondage and) all (the Operation places are possible); in (each of) the (next) two, (there is only) the first (Bondage place), (the Operation places are) three of ten, (nine and eight); (in the next, the Bondage places are) all from seventeen, etc., (the Operation places are) all from. nine etc� in (each of) the (next) two places, (the Bondage places are) there of seventeen (thirteen and nine) and (Operation places are) five of nine etc,. (In the next. the Bondage places are) all from seventeen etc., (and Operation places are all) from eight etc.; in (each of the next) two, (Bondage is of) five and four (and Operation is) of two; beyond it (Bondage places are) of five and four. (and Operation places are) of two and one; {Afterwards the Bondage place is of) four, (and Operation place is of) one; (then the Bondage places are of (four and three (and Operation is of) one. Beyond it. (the Bondage places are of) three and two (and Operation place is of) one; (then the Bondage places are of) two and one sub-classes. and (Operation) place (is of) one; in the

last (Existence place) of Deluding (Karma) the Bondage (places are of) one and zero, and Operation (is of one (only).

 

Commentary.

          These Verses give the number of the Bondage and Operation places with r6ference to Existence places, as shown below.

 

Commentary.

 

 

 

 

 

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