Thus there will
be operation of 9, 8 or 7 at a time in the 2nd stage with different
variations. As one example of the several vari�ations in Group IV a soul
may have operation of four kinds of anger, with female sex, and laughter
and indulgence.
(III) The Mixed
stage. There is no operation of errorfeeding passions here, and
therefore only three kinds of the four kinds of passions win beeounted.
Mixedrightandwrong belief will how� ever be added in place of wrong
belief.
Thus we shall
have four groups like this.
Table No. 7
relating to Mixed Stage.
The Mixed
stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of
Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
Three sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 Passions
of 3 kinds each 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
Mixed Right
& Wrong Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of
classes which operate, at one instant. 
9 
8 
8 
7 
Out of 
22 
21 
21 
20 
Thus there will
be operation of 9, 8, or 7 subclasses of Deluding Karma at a time in a
soul in the Mixed stage. Taking an example in Group IV a soul may have
operation of 8 sub. classes, Mixed belief. with 3 kinds of greed, common
sex, sorrow and ennui and fear.
(IV) Vowless
stage with DestructiveSubsidential, or Clouded Right Belief. Replacing
mixed by cloudedRight Belief we have four groups here again, similar to
those just preceding
Table No.8,
relating to Vowless stage with Clouded Right Belief.
The Vowless
stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of
Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
Three sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 Passions
of 3 kinds each 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
Clouded
Right Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of
classes which operate, at one instant. 
9 
8 
8 
7 
Out of 
22 
21 
21 
20 
(V)  Partial
Vow Stage. In this stage with Clouded Right Belief. we have no
operation, of partial vowpreventing passions.
Two out of the
four kinds of passion only operate. the other opera�ting subclasses
being as before. The subjoined groups are similar to the preceding,
except that here we have operation of 8,7. or 6 subclasses at a time.
Table No. 9
relating to Partial Vow Stage with Clouded Right Belief.
Partial Vow
stage four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of
Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
Three sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 Passions
of 2 kinds each 
2 2 2 2 
2 2 2 2 
2 2 2 2 
2 2 2 2 
Clouded
Right Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of
classes which operate, at one instant. 
8 
7 
7 
6 
Out of 
8 
17 
17 
16 
(VI) Imperfect
Vow Stage. In this stage with CloudedRight Belief there is no operation
of totalvowprevention passions. The four groups will stand as below.
Table No. 10
relating to the 6tl. and 7th stage a with Clouded Right Belief.
Clouded
Right Belief stage four groups 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Pairs of
Laughter and Sorrow, Indulgence and ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 Passions
of perfect conduct preventing kind. 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
Clouded
Right Belief 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Number of
classes which operate, at one instant. 
7 
6 
6 
5 
Out of 
14 
13 
13 
12 
Here 7 or 6 or,
5 subclasses operate at a time.
(VII) Perfect
VOW Stage. The same number of subclasses operate here in groups similar
to the just preceding.
(VIII) New
Thought Activity Stage. There is no operation of CloudedRightBelief
here. The 4 groups will stand thus.
Table
No. 11 relating to the 8th stage
Eight stage
four groups. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter
Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
The four
perfect conduct preventing passions. 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
Number of
classes which operate, at one instant. 
6 
3 
5 
4 
Out of 
13 
12 
12 
11 
(IX) Advanced
Thought Activity stage. Here we have no operation of any of the six
minor passions. i. e., fear, disgust, laugh�ter, sorrow. indulgence and
ennui. There are five parts of this stage. Sexes are operative in the
first part only. In the second only the 4 passions operate. In the 3rd
anger, in the 4th pride, in the 5^{th} Deceit, ceases to
operate.
Table No. 12
relating to the 9th stage.
The 9^{th}
stage groups 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
Sexes 
1 1 1 




Passions 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 
Total 
7 
4 
3 
2 
1 
(X)
Slightest Delusion stage. There is operation of slight greed only.
Its Graphic
representation will be. [Slight greed. (1) ]
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����ִ֏և���
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���ϭ���ӵ���ו֟��ִ���
״֬��� ���֯��� �� ����־ֻ��ן� ���ϭִ�� l
��ִֿ֖��֍��
�ִ��� �� ��� �֡��ׯ� �֟���� ã�֭��� ll 478 ll
478. A right
believing (soul) having transformed matter of errorfeeding (Passions to
other passions) when descended to wrong belief (stage has) no (Operation
of errorfeeding passions) for one Avali. In subsidential and
destructive Right. Belief (there is) no operation of Clouded
RightBelief. Certainly there are 4 groups also (in both cases).
Commentary.
When a soul with
destructive subsidential, or second subsiden�tial RightBelief, which
has already transformed errorfeeding passions into other passions,
descends to WrongBelief stage, it will for one Avali have no operation
of errorfeeding passions. It will bind fresh error feeding Karmas,
which will come into operation after one Avali. In the absence of
operation of errorfeeding passions, it will have operation of only 9,
8, or 7 subclasses of deluding Karma in different ways in four groups
as below :�
Table No. 13
relating to WrongBelief, without Errorfeeding Palsions.
Groups in
WrongBelief, without ErrorFeeding Passions. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter
Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 Passions
of 3 kinds 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
WrongBelief
without Errorfeeding Passions. 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Total 
22 
21 
21 
20 
During stages
from 4th to 7th a soul which has subsidential or destructive
RightBelief has no operation of CloudedRightBelief. Therefore in none
of the four groups in each of these 4 stages the subclass of Clouded
RightBelief will find a place as shown in chart below.
Table 14
relating to Vowels stage free from Clouded RightBelief.
Groups in
Vowless stage without clouded belief. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter
Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 passioins
each of 3 kinds 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
3 3 3 3 
Number of
Subclasses which operate, at one instant. 
8 
7 
7 
6 
Out of 
21 
20 
20 
19 
There will be
operation of 8, 7, 7, or 6 subclasses.
Table 15 showing
operation in Partial vow stage without Clouded Belief.
Groups in
Vowelss stage without clouded belief. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter
Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 passions
each of 2 kinds 
2 2 2 2 
2 2 2 2 
2 2 2 2 
2 2 2 2 
Number of
Subclasses which operate, at one instant. 
7 
6 
6 
5 
Out of 
17 
16 
16 
15 
There will be
operation of 7, 6, 6, or 5 subclasses of deluding Karma in different
ways.
Table No. 16
,flowing operation in stages VI & VII free from Clouded RightBelief.
Groups in
above stages. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
Fear &
Disgust. 
2 
1 
1 
0 
Laughter
Sorrow, Indulgence and Ennui. 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
2 2 
3 sexes 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
4 passions
each of kinds 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
1 1 1 1 
Number of
Subclasses which operate, at one instant. 
6 
5 
5 
4 
Out of 
13 
12 
12 
11 
There will be
operation of 6, 5,5 or 4 sub. classes of deluding Karma in different
ways. The four groups of the seventh stage will be similar to those of
the 6th.
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l
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479. Having
added the aforesaid. (we have) eighty�four and four, (operation) places
(groups) (respectively in the first three stages). eight, only in (each
of) the four stages (from fourth to seventh); four. two and one
respectively in 8th, 9th and 10th stage). (Such are the groups) from
Wrong Belief (stage) to (that of) slightest delusion.
Commentary.
Here the groups
of operation places of each stage. from Wrong Belief to Slightest
Delusion are enumerated.
The subjoined
chart shows the number of groups (operation �places) as well as the
number of subclasses operating in each group at one instant.
Table 17 showing number of subclasses bound
in different groups in the Spiritual Stage.
Stages. 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
VI 
VII 
VIII 
IX 
X 
Operation
places showing number of Subclasses, when errorfeeding passions do
not operate. 
of 10
Of 9
Of 9
Of 8 
Of 9
Of 8
Of 8
Of 7 
Of 9
Of 9
Of 9
Of 9 
Of 9
Of 8
Of 8
Of 7 
Of 8
Of 7
Of 7
Of 6 
Of 7
Of 6
Of 6
Of 5x 
Of 7
Of 6
Of 6
Of 5 
Of 6
Of 5
Of 5
Of 4 
Of 2
Of 1
. . .
. . . 
Of 1
. . .
. . .
. . . 
Operation
places showing number of Subclasses when errorfeeding passions
operate. 
Of 9
Of 8
Of 8
Of 7 
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . . 
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . . 
Of 8
Of 7
Of 7
Of 6 
Of 7
Of 6
Of 6
Of 5 
Of 6
Of 5
Of 5
Of 4 
Of 6
Of 5
Of 5
Of 4y 
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . . 
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . . 
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . . 
TOTAL 
8 
4 
4 
8 
8 
8 
8 
4 
2 
1 
x When clouded
right belief is operative.
y When clouded
right belief is not operative.
To take an
example. In wrong belief stage there is operation of ten, nine, nine.
and eight subclasses in the upper four groups and of 9,8,8 and 7 in the
lower four groups.
It should be
noted here that in the 9th stage there are five parts of them, th9 1st
part has operation of 2 subclasses at a time but the rest four parts
have only 1 subclass operating at a time. See Chart No.7. Therefore
only two operation places have been shown in the chart.
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l
ã�֭���
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480: (There are)
four (Operation) places of ten, (nine, eight and seven subclasses in 1^{st}
stage); three of nine, (eight and seven. in the 2nd) ; three of nine.
etc., (eight and seven, in 3rd); four of nine, (eight, seven and six, in
4th); (four), of eight, (seven. six and five, in 5th); (four) of seven,
(six, five and four in 6th), (the same (four) of seven etc., (in 7th) ;
and three of six (five and four in the 8th). There are twenty four
Combinations, (Bhanga) in (each of) these places till the
NewthoughtActivity (stage).
Commentary.
In Table 16, the
same number of subclasses occurs twice in some groups. Leaving out of
consideration the number which occurs repeatedly in the group, relating
to a stage, we have 4 operative places in 1st stage, 3 in 2nd, 3 in 3rd,
4 in 4th, 4 in 5th, 1 in 6th, 4 in 7th, and 3 in 8th stage, aggregating
to twenty nine, in all the stages.
With regard ~o
this method of counting, it must be noted, that the same number, though
occurring repeatedly, does not indicate the same subclasses. Taking the
wrongbelief stage, although nine subclasses are shown thrice as
operative, they differ in their nature. In one set of nine, fear. and in
the other disgust, operates along with other 8, and in the third set of
nine, passions of 3 kinds only operate along with both fear and disgust
to make up the nine subclasses.
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����
��־���֤�� �֤���������ָ� ����֚�֝�� ll 481 ll
���� �� �֙��������֤���
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��� �� ��ۙ�����
�֟�֣�Ѝ�֤��� ���ã�֭�� ll 481 ll
481. (In the
first eight spiritual stages, we have, respectively, one, six, eleven,
eleven, eleven nine, and three, (sets of operation places of ten, nine,
eight, seven, six, five, and four subclasses of Deluding Karma). (Each
of) these
(has)
twentyfour combinations. In the two places (of 9th stage there are)
twenty. four (in one), and eleven combinations (in the other).
Commentary.
As shown in
Table 17 there is only one operation place of ten subclasses. There are
six of 9 subclasses; eleven of eight, eleven of seven, eleven of six,
nine of five, three of four. Each of them has got 24 combinations.
In order to
understand the 24 combinations in each of these operationplaces which
are 1 + 6 + 11 + 11 + 11 + 9 + 3 = 52, in the first 8 stages, let us
take any two of them.
Take the 1st
operative place of 10 subclasses in wrongbelief stage. These can
operate in 24 variations thus :��
(1) Wrong
belief, 4 kinds of anger, female sex, laughter and indulgence, fear and
disgust.
(2) Wrong
belief, 4 kinds of anger, male sex, laughter and indulgence, fear and
disgust.
(3) Wrong
belief, 4 kinds of anger, common sex, laughter and indulgence, fear and
disgust.
(4) Wrong
belief, 4 kinds of anger, female sex, sorrow and ennui, fear and
disgust.
(5) Wrong
belief, 4 kinds of anger, male sex, sorrow and ennui, fear and disgust.
(6) Wrong
belief, 4 kinds of anger, common sex, sorrow and ennui, fear and
disgust.
When we
substitute pride, deceit, or greed for anger we have 6 combinations in
respect of each of the four passions. And thus we have 24 combinations.
We have the same
result by multiplying together, wrong belief, by 4 passions, by3 sexes,
by 2 pairs, of laughter and sorrow, indulgence and ennui, by 1 pair off
ear and disgust 1 x 4x 3 x 2 x 1 24.
Let us take
another example, that of the operation of 4 subclasses in the 8th
stage.
(1)
Anger, female sex, laughter and indulgence.
(2)
Anger, male sex, laughter and indulgence.
(3)
Anger, common sex, laughter and indulgence.
(4) Anger.
female sex. sorrow and ennui.
(5) Anger. male
sex. sorrow and ennui.
(6) Anger.
common sex, sorrow and ennui.
Adding six
combinations for each of the other 3 passions. Pride deceit and greed.
we shall have 24 combinations. By multiplication also we get. 4 passions
x 3 sexes x 2 pairs of minor passions =24.
We have 24
combinations in each of the 52 places. in the eight stages. shown in
Table 1�7. and worked out in detail below:�
W = Wrong
belief ... � M = Mixed belief.
P =
passions ... � C1.= Clouded belief.
S = Sex.
Pr.= Pair of
minor passions.
Serial
number of places. 
Pleace of
Subclasses. 
COMBINATION. 
Details. 
TOTAL 
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8) 
10
9
9
9
9
8
8
7 
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. X 1 pair of fear and disgust.
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear.
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. X 1 disgust.
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr.
*1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. X 1 pair offer and disgust.
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. X 1 fear
1 w x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. 
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24 
* In second kind
of 4 groups without error feeding passions.
II.
Downfall stage.
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12) 
9
8
8
7 
4 p x 3 s x
2 pairs x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. X 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. X 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
III.
Mixed stage.
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16) 
9
8
8
7 
1 m x 4
passions x 3s x 2 pr. X 1 pair fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. X 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. X 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
IV
(a) Vowless stage with clouded belief.
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20) 
9
8
8
7 
1 cl. X 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
1 cl. X 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear
1 cl. X 4 p
x 2 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust
1 cl. X 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
IV (b) When free
from clouded belief.
(21)
(22)
(23)
(24) 
8
7
7
6 
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
V
(a) PartialVow stage with clouded right belief..
(25)
(26)
(27)
(28) 
8
7
7
6 
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 fear
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
V (b) When free
from clouded belief.
(29)
(30)
(31)
(32) 
7
6
6
5 
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
VI
(a) Imperfect vow stage.
(33)
(34)
(35)
(36) 
7
6
6
5 
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. + 1 fear
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. x 1 disgust
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
VI
(b) When free from clouded right belief.
(37)
(38)
(39)
(40) 
6
5
5
4 
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 p. 
24
24
24
24 
VII
(a) Perfect vow stage with clouded right belief.
(41)
(42)
(43)
(44) 
7
6
6
5 
1 c. x 4 p x
3 s x 2 pr. x 1 pai of fear anddisgust.
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 p. x 1 fear
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 p. x 1 disgust
1 cl. x 4 p
x 3 s x 2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
VII
(b) When free from clouded right belief.
(45)
(46)
(47)
(48) 
6
5
5
4 
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
VIII. Stage of
new thought activity.
(49)
(50)
(51)
(52) 
7
6
6
5 
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 pair of fear and disgust.
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. x 1 fear
4 p x 3 s x
2 p x 1 disgust
4 p x 3 s x
2 pr. 
24
24
24
24 
Thus we have 52
x 24 = 1248 combinations.
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�������ã�֭��
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482.
In the two operationplaces of 2 (subclasses) (in the first part of the
9th stage where) five are bound, (and in a part of the second part
where) four are bound, there is (operation) of one (of the last kind of
passion, and of one of the sexes). In the remaining (parts, there is one
operation) place (of one subclass) only.
Commentary.
In verse 481, it
was said that the operation place of 2 subclasses in 9th stage has 24
combinations. There is operation of the four passions and the three
sexes in the first part of 9th stage (where 4 passions and 1 male sex
are bound) and also, for some instants, in the second part. (where only
four passions are bound). Thus 4 x 8 +4 x 8=24. The operation place of
one subclass has 4 + 8 x 2+ 1=11 combinations as below :�
(1) 4
combinations in the second part, where all 4 passions are operating.
(2) 3 in the 3rd
part where 8 passions operate.
(3) 2 in the 4th
part where 2 passions only operate.
(4)
I in the 5th part where only 1 passion is
operating.
(5)
I in the 10th stage where only one is
operating.
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483.
Operationtime (or Udayaddha) of the common and the female sex is the
same beginning from the first (instant of the 9th stage) of
advancedthoughtactivity. After. wards beginning from operation time of
male sex etc., it iDcrea3es respectively by one AntaraMuhurta (at each
step).
Commentary.
In the 9th stage
there is operation of the female, common, and male sexes, and of the
four perfectconductpreventing passions anger, pride, deceit and greed.
They cease to operate one after another in the order given above, until
at the end of the 9th stage only slight greed remains, with which the
soul passes on to the 10^{th} stage.
The
operationduration of the female sex is equal to that of the common, and
the one ceases to operate when the other does. Male sex ceases to
operate one Antar Muhurta after the cessation of operation of the female
and common sexes. Where male sex also ceases to operate, the four
passions only operate for one AntarMu�hurta. When anger ceases to
operate, the other three operate for one AntarMuhurta. When Pride
ceases to operate, the remaining two continue to operate for one
AntarMuhurta. When deceit also ceases to operate, greed only operates
for one more Muhurta.
It is obvious
that the operation duration of each, excepting the female and common,
which two are of equal duration, and are the first to cease to operate,
exceeds that of the preceding by one Antar� Muhurta, the longest being
that of greed.
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404 Ascending
(from the 8th stage) with operation of male sex, the ce3sation of(its)
bondage and operation (is) simultaneous; when ascending with operation
of (either of) the other (sexes. cessation of the bondage of male sex
(is) in the last but one instant of the operation (duration).
Commentary.
According to
some Acharyas, cessation of the bondage of male sex, when ascending with
male sex operation is in the last but one instant of its operation,
while the cessation of its operation follows an instant later.
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486. During
bondage of five (subclasses, 4 passions and male sex in the first part
of the 9th stage, there is) operation of only two subclasses (passion
and sexes), and the combina�tions (are) twelve; while in bondage place
of (only) four (passions in a part of the second part� the (same) two
operate, and the combinations are also twelve.
Commentary.
As anticipated
in verse 482; the operation of 2 subclasses in part 1, and in portion
of part 2 of the 9th stage, are clearly described here. The combinations
are 4x3+4 x 324,
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488. In
AdvancedThoughtActivity in the parts where greed deceit; pride. and
anger operate there are (respectively) four, three, two, and one
combinations. In slightest delusion (stage) there is only one
combination.
Commentary.
In verse 481, it
was said that the operation place of 2 subclasses in 9th stage bas 24
combinations. There is operation of the four Passions and the three
sexes in the first part of the 9th stage, (where 4 Passions and 1 male
sex are bound) and also, for some instants. in the second part, (where
only the four Passions are bound).
Thus 4 x S + 4 x
3=24. The operation place of one subclass has 4 + 3 +211+1=11
combinations as below:�
(1) 4
Combinations in the second part, where all 4 passions are operating.
(2) S in the
Pard part, where 3 passions operate.
(3) 2 in the 4th
part, where 2 passions only operate.
(4) 1 in the 5th
part. where only 1 passion is operating.
(5) 1 in the
10th stage, where only one passion is operating.
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437. During the
stages (till 10th. there are) twelve hundred and eightythree
combinations, with reference to� (operation) places, and eightyfive
bonded, and seven (8,507) combinations with reference to their
subclasses. Mundane souls are thus deluded.
commentary.
As shown in
Table 17 under verse 479, we have 52 operation places. Adding one place
of two subclasses during the first 8 stages of the 9th stage, there are
53. Each has 24 combinations. Thus we have 5SX24=1272 combinations.
Adding 11 of the 9th and the 10th stages, as shown in the commentary, to
verse 482, we have 12�12+ 11=1283 combinations. Now with reference to
subclasses as . shown in table 17, under ve1�l!e 479.
One
operation place of 10 has 10
6 � � � 9
� 54
11
� � � 8 � 88
11
� � � 7 � 77
11
� � � 6 � 66
9 � � � 5
� 45
3 � � � 4
� 12
1 � � � 2
� 2
In each of the
above places there are 24 variations, therefore there are 354 x 24=8496
combination. Adding the 11 of one sub� class. We have altogether 850;
combinations as regards subclasses.
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488489. Non
repeated (operation places are respectively), one, six, eleven, ten,
seven, four and one (of ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five and four sub
classes) See chart verse 4.79. These (forty places) being multiplied by
twentyfour combinations, (adding to them) twelve (combinations) of two
and five of one, (they aggregate to) Ninehundred seventy seven.
(40x24=960+17=977) Mundane souls are deluded by these combinations of
(operation) places. They Should be known to be sixtynine hundred and
fortyone, with reference to combinations of subclasses.
Commentary.
In the 52 places mentioned in the previous
verse there are some which have the same classes. These are called
�repeated �. Ignoring thein. the �unrepeated� places are only 40. These
are. 1 of 10,6 of 9, 11 of S, 10 of 7 (seven sub. classes in the sixth
and the seventh stage are the same, therefore one of set of 7 has been
left out), 7 of 6 (they are 11. But three sets of 6 in the 6th and 7th
and one in the 8th stages have the same subclasses. Four sets of 6 are
therefore left out of account), 4 of 5 (They are 9, but five are left
out as �repeated�, the same 5 as are in the 6th, being contained in the
7th and 8th), 1 of 4 (They are 3, but two are Dot counted, as the
fourclasses in the 6th, are the same as in the 7th and 8th stage). Thus
we have 40 x 24=960 combinations. In the 9th stage, operation place of 2
subclasses is counted twice, thus leaving one as .. repeated�, the
remaining one place will have only 4 x 3=12 combinations.
In 9t.h and 10th
stages, operation place of one passion subclass has 11 combinations,
but as, greed, deceit, and pride are repeated thrice, twice, and once
again, 6 combinations are left out. and we have only five. The slightest
greed in the 10th stage is also taken as �repeated�, Thus there are 12 +
5+960 =977 combinations, as regards unreported operation places.
Counting all the
subclasses of these 977 combinations we have
1 of 10 = 10
subclasses.
6 of 9=54 �
11 of 8 =
88 �
10 of 7 = 70 �
7 of 6 =
42 �
4 of 5 = 20 �
1 of 4 = 4 �
288
subclasses.
And 288 x
24=6912 combinations. Adding 24 of both the operation places of 2 in the
9th stage. and 5 operation places of one in the 9th and 10th, we have
6912+24 + 5=6941 combinations.
Reference to
Gatha 485 shows that there are 12 combinations in the first part. and 12
in a portion of the 2nd part of the 9th stage. The subclasses though
the same are not the same as� regards the first part, and the whole of
the second part. Hence the operation of 12 in a portion of the second
part is not taken as a repetition.
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490. Operation
places and subclasses being (respectively) multiplied by conscious
attentiveness (Upyoga), vibratory acti�vity (yoga) etc., (a. e., by full
control, Sanyama, or partial con�trol, (Desha Samyama), thought.paint,
(Leshya). right belief, (Samyaktva), possible ill their own respective
(spiritual stages), the humbug of (all the operative) places and the
number of (all the) subclasses respectively is (found) by adding
together (the result of every one of these multiplication�s)
Commentary.
The operation of
any subclass of deluding Karma causes impurity in conscious
attentiveness, soul�s vibratory activity. full control. partial control,
thoughtpaint and rightbelief. In every spiritual stage, one or more of
them are present along with the operation of deluding Karma till the
10th stage. The learned Acharya wishes here to show their combinations
with reference to Deluding Karma,
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491. There are
five (kinds of) consciousness (Upyoga), in (each of) the two, wrong
belief (and downfall stages); six in (each of) the three, mixed, (vow
less and partialvow stages); seven in (each of) the seven (from)
imperfect vow (to the 12th stage of delusionless); two in the perfect
soul arid the Same two in the liberated souls).
Commentary.
Consciousness is
of 12 kinds. There are 8 kinds of knowledge and 4 kinds of conation
consciousness. Wrong belief. as well as. downfall stage has wrong
sensitive knowledge, and visual knowledge and ocular and monocular
conation i. e., five kinds of consciousness.
Third. fourth
and fifth stages have, each six kinds of consciousness i. e , right
sensitive, spiritual and visual knowledge and ocular, nonocular and
visual conation. Stages from 7th to 12th have 7 kinds of consciousness i.
e., mental knowledge Is added to the six aforesaid. Vibrating and
nonvibrating perfect souls in 13th and 14th stages and all the
liberated souls have only two kinds of consciousness, namely perfect
knowledge and perfect conation.
Now we shall
find out the number of operation places and sub�classes, in each stage
with reference to number of the kinds of conscious attentiveness
present. there.
See table No. 17
under verse 479. In the 1st stage the1�ENI~e ~\ operative places
containing 10+9 r 9+ 8+ 9+ 8+ 8 r 7~68 subclasses, Multiplying the 8
places and the 68 subclasses, with 5 kinds of attentiveness, we have 40
places and 340 subclasses.
It should be
noted that in all stages till the 12th, one kind of consciousness works
at one particular instant. A wrong believer with sensitive knowledge
will . not have the other 4 kinds of attentiveness. Thus, along with
sensitive knowledge he can have 8 operation places with 68 subclasses
in operation. With reference to all the five kinds of consciousness at
different instants, we have 40 operation places, and 340 subclasses.
Calculation with
reference to other stages may be similarly made. Deluding Karma operates
from 1st to 10th stage only. The Table below will show the number of
places and subclasses till that stage.
Table No. 18 showing places and Subclasses
with reference to consciousness.
Stages 
I 
II 
III 
IV 
V 
VI 
VII 
VIII 
IXA 
IXA 
X 
Operative
places 
8 
4 
4 
8 
8 
8 
8 
4 
1 
1 
1 
Subclasses 
68 
32 
32 
60 
52 
44 
44 
20 
2 
1 
1 
Consciousness 
5 
5 
6 
6 
6 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
Places
multiplied by Consciousness. 
40 
20 
24 
48 
48 
56 
56 
28 
7 
7 
7 
Subclasses
multiplied by Consciousness. 
340 
160 
192 
360 
312 
308 
308 
140 
14 
7 
7 
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492.493. With )reference to
conscious attentiveness, seven thousand, seven hundred and ninetynine
operative places, in (various) combinations should be known 10 the
deluding Karma. The number of subclasses (of) deluding Karma with
reference to consciousness (in all combinations) should be known to be
fifty. one thousand and eightythree.