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Sub-Categories of Passions

INTRODUCTION

SPEECH
PREFACE
FOREWORD
SIGNIFICANT FEATURES
  DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
  RELIGIOUS SPLITS
  SOCIAL FISSIONS
  FLOURISHMENT AND DECLINE
  CURRENT FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES
  TABLES

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Shri Raj Krishen Jain Memorial Lectures 1991

DEPARTMETN OF BUDDHIST STUDIES

University of Delhi,

Delhi

JAINA SOCIETY

THROUGH THE AGES

By

VILAS A. SANGAVE

M.A., Ph.D.

Honorary Director, Shahu Research Institute,

Shivaji University, Kolhapur
 

Published by

Prem Chandra Jain

Shri. Raj Krishen Jain Charitable Trust

Ahimsa Mandir, Daryaganj, New Delhi

 

 

LALA RAJ KRISHEN JAIN

          (A brief note on the life and works of Shri Raj Krishen Jain in whose memory the Lecture Series has been instituted in the University of Delhi, Delhi with the fund endowed by Shri Raj Krishen Jain Charitable Trust, Delhi) 

          Shri Raj Krishen Jain was born at Ambala Cantt. on 11th October, 1900 (Kartik, Krishna, IV), the day on which the Third Jaina Tirthankara Sambhavanatha attained Kevalajnana and the day on which it is customary on the part of Indian Hindu women to observe fast for the welfare of their husband. He passed away on the 4th February, 1973 at Delhi. He started his career as a clerk in Post & Telegraph Dept. and rose to the rank of Superintendent, Army Head-quarters at Simla. In 1921, he resigned his post at the call of Civil Disobedience Movement given by Mahatma Gandhi. His father Shri Rangi Lal Jain and grand-father Shri Tulsi Ram were Government Contractors who migrated from Sonepat, a District Headquarter now in Haryana.

          Lalaji was a well known generous social and religious worker, great visionary, Karma Yogi and a philanthropist too. In 1940, he founded Shri Raj Krishen Jain Charitable Trust under which he constructed the Ahimsa Mandir at 1-Daryagant, New Delhi which presently houses the Jain Temple, Library for Research Scholars, free Dispensary, Dharmashala (Guest House), Temple Nursing Home, etc. The said Trust grants scholarships to deserving students. ..In 1947 he donated a sum of Rs. 5,000/- to Anjuman Taraqui-e-Urdu : for the development of Urdu Language. Another instance of his broadmindedness lies in the fact that during the days of partition of. India when brutal riots broke out, he braved himself in saving the valuable library of Anjuman Taraqui-e-Urdu and the precious lives of many Muslims and Hindus by offering them shelter, food, etc. He was not sectarian in his approach as is illustrated by his help to Bhikkhu Dhammavara of Cambodia when he migrated to Delhi from Pakoccupied Kashmir and established a Buddihist Temple and Ashok Mission Vihar in Mehrauli (near Delhi). In 1952 when Acharya Vinoba Bhave visited Delhi in connection with his Bhoodan Movement, Lalaji donated his entire 150 Bighas of Agricultural Land in village Arthala near Delhi. He was responsible for the repair of the National Archives of India and the preservation of 1500 years old palm leaf manuscripts of the �Dhavala� and the �Jaya Dhavala� which are enshrined in Moodbidri in South Karnataka. He was instrumental in the publication of many books on social and religious themes. He himself translated into English the Samayasara and the Niyamasara of Acharya Kundakunda and wrote a book in Hindi entitled �Shravan-Belgola Aur Dakshin ke Anya Jaina Tirtha�. He helped the Government in recovering as many as 80 heads of antique images broken by the smugglers in 1959 in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, which led to their arrest and sentence. He was associated with a number of social and religious institutions., viz. Delhi Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Animal Friends, the All India Digambar Jain Orphanage Society as its Vice-president. The All India Digambar Jain Sangha, Vidvat Parishad, the Veer Sewa Mandir, etc. He was elected unopposed as a Municipal Councilor of Delhi Municipal Committee and as a member of the Committee appointed by the Chief Commissioner. Delhi for acceleration of private buildings. As a colonizer he developed Daryaganj, Delhi-Shahdara, Ghaziabad, Western Extension Area and Ballabhgarh, etc., and was appointed its the first solo welling agent of Delhi Improvement Trust. He constructed many buildings prominent among them being the Madhya Pradesh Assembly Hall at Bhopal, the M.P. Govt. House at Kautilya Marg. Now Delhi and many buildings for M.E.S. at Agra and Delhi Cantt, and also for Northern Railway at Delhi Main and other places.

          Smt. Krishna Devi Jain, wife of late Shri Raj Krishen Jain died at the Historic City of Hastinapur on 27th April, 1979 where a Jambu Deep is being erected. The �Trust also gut a chaityalaya built in the Sumaru. She was cremated there at that time and it wits felt that there was no proper place for cremation. The trustees have got constructed three Pucca Chabutaras for cremation purposes there and have planted some trees and arranged for a hand tube well. He hits also constructed there a Building, after the name of his sister Smt. Rajkali Jain. The ground floor portion of this building has been donated to Dig. Jain Mandir, Hastinapur and upper portion for stay of his family members.

          Lalaji also constructed a room in Mahavir Jain Bhawan, Mussorie for stay of the general public. He was also responsible for construction of Jain Temple at Modinagar where he was born. The land was purchased in his name and that of some one else.