Time has mainly two phases, namely, Avasarpini the
phase of decline and Utsarpini the phase of evolution. Avasarpini means
that phase of time in which there takes place a gradual decline. During
this phase, age, body, strength, happiness, etc., decline. On the
contrary, during the phase called Ursarpini which means the time of
progress and development, happiness, strength, body etc., attain progress.
When the Utsarpini phase reaches its highest limit, the Avsarpini phase
commences and when the Avasarpirni phase reaches its highest limit the
Utsarpini commences. This cycle of time has to keep revolving thus. There
is no end whatsoever to the revolution of this wheel. That is why, it has
been named the wheel of time. Each of these phases has 6 aspects; and each
aspect is known as Ara or an arc - wheel of time.
1) Susham Susham Kal the phase of absolute
2) Susham Kal the phase of happiness.
3) Susham Dusham Kal the phase of much
happiness and some sorrow.
4) Dusham Susham Kal the phase of much
sorrow and some happiness.
5) Dusham Kal the phase of sorrow.
6) Dusham Dusham Kal the phase of absolute
All of us are at present in the fifth phase called
Dusham, the phase of sorrow.