Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions

The Navakar Mantra

What is the Jain Dharma or Jainism?
Who is a Jin?
Who is a Jain?
The Jain dharma
  The Arrangement Of Ara, The Phases Of Time
  Tirtha, Dharma And Tirthankar (One Who Reveals The Dharma)
  The Exposition Of The Philosophy
  Bhagwan Mahavir
  The Path Of Achievement
  Total Renunciation
  Some special rules of conduct for sadhus and sadhvis
  Sthapanacharyaji
  The Dashvirati Dharma
  The Fourteen Pledges By Househl Oders
  Avashyak (The Essentials)
  Prathana (Prayer)
  Jap And Dhyan
  The Eighteen Sources Of Sin (Papa Sthanak)..
  Upadhan
  Before assuming Dharma
  Marganusari Gun: (35 virtues that guide us on the path of life)
  Tapasya and the codes of conduct:
  The External austerities ( six kinds )
  Abhyantar Tap (Six kinds)
  Some minor and major austerities for daily practice.
  Why is fasting essential ?
  Some Special And Important Austerities
  Why should water be boiled ?
  It is necessary to filter water:
  The Jain Dharma prohibits the eating of the following things
  Why should not people eat meat ?
  Even the egg is dangerous !
  Alcoholic drinks should be renounced
  Why should we not eat certain types of food?
  We should not take food in the night. Why?
  Why should we not eat green and raw vegetables on some special days?
  Organization of the Jain Society
  Some Important Jain Institutions
  Jain Upashray: Religious Centres
  The Jain Libraries
  The Jain Schools
  Ayambil Shala
  The Jain Panjarapol--Shelter for Cattle
  The Jain Choultries
  The Jain Pilgrim Centres
  The system of the seven institutions of the Jains.
  The Jain Festivals
  The Jain Celebrations
  The Jain Philosophy
  The Nine Doctrines
  Kal-Time
  Karma
  Leshya
  Purvajanma
  Samjna
  Kashay- Passions
  The Process of Spiritual Elevation,
  Naya
  Syadvad
  Dhyan
  Navpad
  Samiti and Gupti
  16 Bhavanas
  The Jain Literature
  A Representative Jain Work
  A Glossary Of Difficult Words

20. Upadhan

 

Bhadrabahu Vijay

Upadhan means the exalted spiritual endeavors and worship that go with the life of a Shravak. This Upadhan can be performed in three parts for 47 days 35 days and 28 days separately. During these days one must fast on one day and the second day one must do Ekasan, that is eating one meal in one palce. It is called Nivi. Every day one must recite the Rosary for 20 times saying the Navkar Mantra; one must also perform 100 Khamasaman Kneeling with head touching the ground; must also perform Kayotsarga saying the Logassa Sutra for 100 times and must also perform the Paushadh vrat etc. Along with these, one must study some Jain Sutras. This austerity is not only severe but prolonged.

Pratima:

Pratima, a special austerity, must also be performed by a Shravak to purify and perfect his life. In the Shastras, 11 types of Pratima are mentioned.

(1) Samyaktva

(2) Vrat.

(3) Samayik

(4) Paushadh

(5) Niyam

(6) Brahmacharya,

(7) Sachitta Tyag

(8) Uddhisht

(9) Preshyarambha tyag

(10) Arambha tyag

(11) Shramanbhuth

This vow should be taken for one or a fixed number of days according to rules.