Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
PREFACE
FORWARD
INTRODUCTION
SAPTABHANGI SYSTEM
THE TATTVAS
  THE NATURE OF KARMA (Karma ka swroop)
  ASRAVA
  BANDHA
  SAMVARA
  NIRJARA
  MOKSHA
  STAGES ON THE PATH - GUNASTHANAS
  DHARMA IN PRACTICE
  COMPARATIVE ANTIQUITY OF JAINISM
  SOUL-SUBSTANCE
  Vairagya Bhavana

BANDHA


 

 

II. The darsana varaniya group consists of the following nine kinds of energy all of which interfere with the perceptive faculties of the soul in different ways:--

 

(i) That which debars the soul from seeing with the eye (khakis darsana); (6)

 

(ii) That which prevents perception through senses other than sight (achaksu darsana); (7)

 

(iii) That which obstructs clairvoyant perception (Avadhi darsana); (8)

         

(iv) That which prevents the manifestation of Kevala darsana (full, unqualified perception); (9)

 

(v) Nidra (sleep); (10)

 

(vi) Nidra- Nidra (deep-sleep); (11)

         

(vii) Prachala, light or restless sleep, like that of a dog; (12)

 

(viii) Prachala-prachala, a more restless form of slumber than the preceding, also a kind of madness; (13) and

         

(ix) Styana griddi (somnambulism). (14)

 

III. The Vedaniya type comprises two kinds of energies:

        

 (i) Those responsible for pleasurable experiences (Sata Vedaniya), and (15)

         

(ii) Those leading to suffering and pain (Asata Vedaniya). (16)

 

IV. The Mohaniya class is subdivided into:

 

(i) Darsana Mohaniya, which obstructs right belief.

It is of three kinds:

 

(a) Mithyatva which leads to settled wrong beliefs, (17)

 

(b) Samyag Mithyatva which is characterized by mixture of truth and falsehood, (18) and

 

(c) Samyag prakriti or samyaktva which signifies blurred faith. It this state the truth is known, but faith is slightly tinged with superstition. (19)

 

(ii) Charitra Mohaniya which interferes with right conduct.

 

This is of the following twenty-five kinds:

Made of two groups Kashaya and no-kashaya.

                  

Kashaya are of four types:

           First, Anantanubandhi, that is, the most intense type.

           (a) Anger, (20)

           (b) Pride, (21)

           (c) Deceit, (22)

           (d) Greed, (23)

           

Second, Apratyakhyana, or a very, intense type.

           (e) Anger, (24)

           (f) Pride, (25)

           (g) Deceit, (26)

           (h) Greed, (27)

           

Third, Pratyakhyana, that is intense type.            
           (i) Anger, (28)

           (j) Pride, (29)

           (k) Deceit, (30)

           (l) Greed, (31)

           

Fourth, sanjvalana, or mild type

           (m) Anger, (32)

           (n) Pride, (33)

           (o) Deceit, (34)

           (p) Greed, (35)

           

And, No-kasayas are:

           (q) Joking, (36)

           (r) Attachment or love, (37)

           (s) Aversion, (38)

           (t) Grief, (39)

           (u) Fear, (40)

           (v) Disgust, (41)

           (w) Sex-passion peculiar to males, (42)

           (x) Sex-passion peculiar to females, and (43)

           (y) sex-passion peculiar to those of the neuter sex. (44)

 

V. The Ayu karma group includes four kinds of energies, which control and determine the duration of life of the four kinds of beings, namely,

            (i) Devas (residents of heavens), (45)

            (ii) Human beings, (46)

            (iii) Lower forms of life belonging to the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms,
                 (47) and

            (iv) Denizens of hells. (48)