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Sub-Categories of Passions

Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

PREFACE TO THE GERMAN EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
The contents of first volume of the Karmagranthas.
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
TRANSLATOR'S NOTE
  INTRODUCTION
  THE KARMAN IN ITSELF
  THE KARMAN IN THEIR RELATION TO THE SOUL AND TO ONE ANOTHER
  THE QUALITIES OF THE SOUL
  STATES OF EXISTENCE AND CLASSES OF BEINGS
  THE CAUSES OF THE KARMAN AND THE MEANS FOR ITS ANNIHILATION
  THE WAY OF SALVATION
  THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS
  THE STATE OF THE RELEASED

THE KARMAN IN THEIR RELATION TO THE SOUL AND TO ONE ANOTHER


 

 

Nine combinations are possible in udaya:

1 uttaraprakrti = flaming-up anger (pride, deceitfulness, greed).

2 = flaming-up anger (pride, deceitfulness, greed) + male (female, third) sex.

4 = flaming-up anger (pride, deceitfulness, greed) + male (female, third) sex + joking and liking (disliking and sorrow).

5a = 4 + fear (disgust or samyaktva).

5b = flaming-up + pratyakhyanavarana anger (pride, deceitfulness, greed) + male (female, third) sex + joking and liking (disliking and sorrow).

6a = 4 + fear + disgust (fear + samyaktva or disgust + samyaktva).

6b = 5b + fear (disgust or samyaktva).

6c = flaming-up + pratyakhyanavarana + apratyakhyanavarana anger (pride, deceitfulness, greed) + male (female, third) sex + joking and liking (disliking and sorrow).

7a = 4 + fear + disgust + samyaktva.

7b = 5b + fear + disgust (fear + samyaktva or disgust + samyaktva).

7c = 6c + mixed belief.

7d = 6c + fear (disgust or samyaktva).

7e = 6c + unbelief.

7f = flaming-up + pratyakhyanavarana + apratyakhyanavarana + anantanubandhi anger (pride, deceitfulness, greed) + male (female, third) sex + joking and liking (disliking and sorrow).

8a = 5b + fear + disgust + samyaktva.

8b = 6c + fear (disgust) + mixed belief.

8c = 6c + fear + disgust (samyaktva).

8d = 6c + fear (disgust) + unbelief.

8e = 7f + unbelief.

8f = 7f + fear (disgust).

9a = 6c + fear + disgust + mixed belief.

9b = 6c + fear + disgust + samyaktva. 9c = 6c + fear + disgust + unbelief.

9d = 7f + fear + disgust.

9e = 7f + fear (disgust) + unbelief.

10 = 7f + fear + disgust + unbelief.

 

Fifteen combinations are possible in satta:

28 = all uttaraprakrtis.

27 = all, except the lower belief (samyaktva).

26 = the preceding, except mixed belief.

24 = all except the 4 passions of life-long duration.

23 = the preceding except unbelief.

22 = the preceding except mixed belief.

21 = the preceding except the lower belief.

13 = the preceding except the apratyakhyanavarana and pratyakhyanavarana passions.

12 = the preceding except third sex.

11 = the preceding except female sex.

5 = the preceding except the 6 non-passions.

4 = the preceding except male sex.

3 = the preceding except flaming-up anger.

2 = the preceding except flaming-up pride.

1 = the preceding except flaming-up deceitfulness.

 

Ayus.

As the 4 kinds of ayus are in opposition to one another, only one ayus can be bound at a time, only one ayus can realize itself at a time. In satta however, 2 ayus can be in existence; namely, at the time when the ayus of the next existence is already bound but that of the present one has not yet completely expired.

 

Naman.

In bandha the following 9 prakrtis are always in existence (dhruva):

Fiery and karman body, color, odor, taste, touch, not-light-not-heavy, self-annihilation, formation.

 

There are 8 combinations:

23 uttaraprakrtis for undeveloped 1-sensed beings) = animal state of existence and anupurvi + a sense + physical body + 6th figure + immovable + fine (gross) + undeveloped + individual (common) body + flexible + ugly + unsympathetic + unsuggestive + shame + 9 dhruvas.

 

25a (for developed 1-sensed beings) = animal state of existence and anupurvi + 1 sense + physical body + 6th figure + annihilation of others + breathing + immovable + gross (fine) + developed + individual (common) body + firm (flexible) + beautiful (ugly) + unsympathetic + unsuggestive + fame (shame) + 9 dhruvas.

 

25b (for undeveloped 2-,3-,4-,5- sensed animals) = animal state of existence and anupurvi + 2 (3,4,5) senses + physical body and limbs + 6th figure + 6th firmness + movable + gross + undeveloped + individual body + flexible + ugly + unsympathetic + unsuggestive + shame + 9 dhruvas.

 

25c (for undeveloped human beings) = 25b, but human state of existence and anupurvi + 5 senses.

 

26 (for developed 1 -sensed animals) = animal state of existence and anupurvi + 1 sense + physical body + 6th figure + annihilation of others + breathing + immovable + warm splendor (cold luster) + gross + developed + individual body + firm (flexible) + beautiful (ugly) + unsympathetic + suggestive + fame (shame) + 9 dhruvas.

 

28a (for gods) = celestial state of existence and anupurvi + 5 senses + transformation-body and limbs + 1st figure + annihilation of others + breathing + pleasant gait + movable + gross + developed + individual body + firm (flexible) + beautiful (ugly) + sympathetic + melodious + suggestive + fame (shame) + 9 dhruvas.

 

28b (for infernal beings) = infernal state of existence and anupurvi + 5 senses + transformation-body and limbs + 6th figure + annihilation of others + breathing + unpleasant gait + movable + gross + developed + individual body + flexible + ugly + unsympathetic + ill-sounding + unsuggestive + shame + 9 dhruvas.

 

29a (for 2-,3-,4- sensed animals) = animal state and anupurvi + 2(3,4) senses + physical body and limbs + 6th figure + 6th firmness + annihilation of others + breathing + unpleasant gait + movable + gross + developed + individual body + firm (flexible) + beautiful (ugly) + ill-sounding + unsympathetic + unsuggestive + fame (shame) + 9 dhruvas.

 

29b (for 5-sensed animals) = animal state and anupurvi + 5 senses + physical body and limbs + 1st-6th figure + 1st-6th firmness + annihilation of others + breathing + pleasant (unpleasant) gait + movable + gross + developed + individual body + firm (flexible) + beautiful (ugly) + sympathetic (unsympathetic) + melodious (ill-sounding) + suggestive (unsuggestive) + fame (shame) + 9 dhruvas.

 

29c (for human beings) = 29b with human state as anupurvi.