We feel great
pleasure in placing the book �Bharata and Bharata� written by late Dr.
Prem Sagar Jain in the hands of the readers. This book which was
originally written in Hindi in fulfilment of the desire of Hon�ble Prime
Minister of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayi in regard to the origin of the
name of our country known as Bharata, has now been translated in English
by Shri Dhanyakumar Jaini under the Holy advice of Acarya Vidyananda
Muniraja, a celebrated Digambara national saint.
It will not be out of place to point out that Jaina Vidya Samsthana (
Institute of Jainology ) established by Digambara jaina Atisaya Ksetra Sri
Mahaviraji is actively engaged in presenting the multidimensional
perspectives of Jaina Culture to the general public and scholars alike. In
consonance with the spirit of the Atisaya Ksetra, the book, �Bharata and
Bharata� is being published for imparting authentic information to the
readers in regard to the origin of the name Bharata.
It is of capital importance to note that the earliest epigraphical
reference to Bharatavarsa is found in the famous Hathigumpha inscription
of Kharavela. Besides, �all the main Puranas like the Visnu, Agni,
Markandeya, Brahmanda, Skanda, Linga Purana, etc., unanimously record that
India came to be styled as Bharata after Bharata Cakravarti, a supreme
ruler and great victor, the son and successor of the mighty and
enlightened paramount monarch and the first Jaina Tirthankata Adinatha or
Rsbhanatha of the solar dynasty.� The author has thus set aside all the
misgivings about the origin of the term, �Bharata� This proves beyond
doubt that it is only with Bharata Cakravarti, the son of the first
Tirthankara, that the origin of the name Bharata can be linked.
We express our deep sense of gratitude to Acarya Vidyananda Muniraja who
very kindly handed over the floppy of the book �Bharata and Bharata� to
Jaina Vidya Samsthana, Sri Mahaviraji for publication. Words are
inadequate to express our gratefulness to Acarya Sri. We are thankful to
Dr. Munish Chandra Joshi (Retd. Director General of the Archaeological
Survey of India) for writing the foreword of this book.
We feel pride in dedicating this book to His Excellancy, Shri Bhairo Singh
Shekhawat, Vice-President, Republic of India.
We are thankful to Shri Dhanyakumar Jaini for translating this book in
English. Our thanks are due �to �Shri Ramchandra Premchand Khinduka
Charitable Trust� for giving financial assistance towards this
publication, and also to Dr. Veer Sagar Jain for assisting us in preparing
the press copy of this book. We offer our thanks to the learned
researchers of the Samsthana (Institute) and to M/s. Jaipur Printers Pvt.
Ltd. for organising the publication of the book.
N. K. Sethi Narendra Patni
Dr. Kamal Chand Sogani
Samyojaka Managing Committee Jaina Vidya Samsthana Samiti
Digambara Jaina Atisaya Ksetra Mahavira Nirvana Day
�Sri Mahaviraji� 4 November, 2002