Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions - ASPECTS OF JAINA RELIGION

Front Page

Fore Word

Preface
CONTENTS
Illustrations
ANTIQUITY OF JAINISM
FUNDAMENTALS OF JAINISM
DOCTRINES OF JAINISM
  SALVATION - PATH OF JAINISM
  ETHICS OF JAINISM
  DISTINCTIVENESS OF JAINA ETHICS
  DIVISIONS IN JAINISM
  STATUS OF JAINISM IN INDIA
  CONTRIBUTION OF JAINISM TO INDIAN CULTURE
  JAINISM AND OTHER RELIGIONS
  SIGNIFICANCE OF JAINISM
  GLOSSARY OF JAINA TERMS

GLOSSARY OF JAINA TERMS




Naigama-naya : the figrative point of view

Nama karma : the body-making karma

Naraka-gatl : hellish form

Naya : a particular point of view, a mode of expressing things

Nayavada : system of describing reality from different points of view

Nirgrantha : naked, a naked ascetic, the highest grade of Digambar ascetics

Nirjara : gradual removal of karmic matter from the soul

Nirvana : salvation, liberation

Nischaya naya : the realistic point of view

Niyoga : levirate

Pakhandi mudhata : belief in false ascetics

Pancha-indriya : souls having all five senses of touch, taste, Jivas smell, sight and hearing Pdpa . demerit

Paramasravaka : best householder

Parigraha : worldly attachments and possessions

Parigraha parimana : limitation of worldly attachments

Parigraha-parimana : a vow not to exceed worldly attachmentsvrata beyond a pre-determined limit

Parihara-visuddhi : pure and absolute non-injury

Parisaha : suffering, hardship, affliction

Parisaha-jaya : subdual of sufferings

Paryaya : mode or form

p'arvaya-naya : the modal point of view

PFchhi : a peacock-feather whisk-broom

Pramada : carelessness

Pramada yoga : careless activity of mind, speech or body

Pramana : means of acquiring knowledge

Pramoda : delight for better qualified persons

Pratikramana : the recitation of the formulae of confession of past faults

Pratima : a stage of ethical progress in a householder's life

Pratyakhyana : the recitation of the formulae for averting future faults

Prayaschitta : expiation

Prthvi-kaya jivas : earth-bodied souls

Prosadhopavasa vrata : a vow to fast on the four days of a month

Pudgala : matter

Puja : worship

Puja-mada : pride in worship

Pujera : worshippers, another name of Mnrtipnjaka sub-sect of Swetambara sect

Punya : merit

Purana : a biography of great teachers or persons

Rasa parityaga : renunciation of one or more delicacies in food

Ratna-traya : the three Jewels, viz., samyag-darsana, jnana and charitra

Rddhi-mada : pride of wealth or accomplishments

Rjusutra Naya : the standpoint of momentariness

Sachitta : flowers, fruits and green vegetables

Sadhu : a male ascetic

Sadhu-margi : followers of Sadhus, another name of Sthanakavasi sub-sect

Sadhvi : a female ascetic

Sagara-dharma : ethical code for householders

Sakala-charitra : complete or unqualified conduct

Sallekhanad : ritual peaceful voluntary death by fasting
Samabhirudha the specific standpoint
naya .

Samanaska fl vas : souls having mind

Snmanva kevali : the Jina or the omniscient involved in his own salvation

Samayika : equanimity, meditation

Samiti : carefulness

Sarirsara : cycle of transmigration

Sarri.san ji vas : mundane souls, embodied souls

Samyag-darsana : right belief

Samyag jnana : right knowledge

Samyak : right

Samyak-charitra : right conduct

Samyaktva : firm faith in Jaina religion/ realities

Sariryama : practice of self-control

Samvara : the stopping of asrava

Sarigraha naya : the class point of view

Sarikalpa : preconceived idea

Sankalpi hirrrsa : intentional injury

Samsaya : doubt

Sannyasa-irsrama : the last life stage of absolute renunciation

Sapta-bhangi : another name of Anekantavada, the doctrine of seven-fold predication

Sat : reality

Satya : truth, abstention from false speech,real

Sabda naya : the verbal view point

Sarikica : doubt, scepticism

Sastra : scripture

Siksa-vratas : disciplinary vows

Sila-vratas : supplementary vows

Sravaka : male householder, a layman

Suvaka-dharma : ethical code for layman

Savaka-gunas : qualities of an ideal householder

Sravika : female householder, a lay-woman

Sruta jnana : scriptural knowledge

Subha-asrava : influx of virtue or meritorious karmas

Suddha amnaya : pure and sacred tradition

Sukla.dhyana : pure meditation

Svetambf ra : white-clad, name of a major sect of Jainas

Siddha ji va : a liberated soul

Sopadana : propriety of behaviour

Sthanaka : a building meant for prayer and religious activities

Sthanakavirsi : a major sub-sect of Swetambara sect, Sthanaka-residents

Sthavara jiva : immobile soul

Sthavirakalpi : ascetics who observe their rules of conduct

Sadhus : in a milder form

Suksma-samparaya : all but entire freedom from passion

Sutra : aphoristic expression

Svadhyaya : study of scriptures

Svastika : the particular sign considered propitious

Syadvada : many-sided view-point, the doctrine of qualified assertion

Syat : in some respect, some how, in a way

Tapa : penance, austerity

Tapa-mada : pride of penance or religious austerities

Tirana pantha : name of a sub-sect of Digambara sect

Tattva : principle, reality

Tejah-kaya jiva : a fire-bodied soul

Terapantha : name of a major sub-sect of Digambara sect, name of a major sub-sect of Swetambara sect

Tirtha : the contrivance which helps to cross the great ocean of worldly life

Tirthatikara : one who makes the Ti.'rtha, ford-maker across the stream of existence, Great Guide, promulgator

Tirthankara Kevali : the Kevali showing the path of salvation to all beings

Tiryancha-gati : sub-human form "

Trasa jiva : a mobile soul

T'ri-indriya jivas : souls having first-three senses of touch, taste
and smell

Udyami himsa : occupational injury

Upabhoga-paribhoga�parimana-vrata : a vow to limit enjoyment of consumable

and non-consumable things

Upadhyaya : the sadhu in charge of instruction

Upamana : analogy

Upasraya : a building meant for stay of Swetambara

ascetics

Utpada : origination, appearance

Utsarga-samiti : regulation of movements connected with

answering calls of nature

Utsarpini : ascending

Uttama-akinchanya : supreme non-attachment

Uttama-arjava : supreme simplicity

Uttama�brahmacharya : supreme chastity

Uttama-dharma : supreme virtue

Uttama-ksama : supreme forgiveness

Uttama-mardava : supreme humility or tenderness

Uttama-sa�tyama : supreme self-restraint

Uttama-satya : supreme truthfulness

Uttama-saucha : supreme purity

Uttama-tapa : supreme austerity

Wtama-tyaga : supreme renunciation

Vachana yoga : activity of speech

Vag-gupti : stoppage of speech

Vaiyavrttya : rendering service to saints

Vanaprastha- : the third stage in life of retirement from asramaworldly activities

Variaspati-kaya ji va : vegetable bodied and bacteria type soul

Vapu-mada : pride of body or beautiful form or appearance

Vayu-kaya jl va : air-bodied soul

Vedaniya karma : the feeling karma

Vibhrama : vagueness, indefiniteness

Vichikitsa : disgust of anything

Vikala-charitra : partial or qualified conduct

Vimoha : attachment, delusion

Vinaya : reverent attitude, modest behaviour

Virodhi hirrisa : protective injury

Vivikta-sayyasana : sitting and sleeping in a secluded place Vrata : a vow

Vrati : a person who observes vratas

Vrtti- : taking a mental vow regarding acceptance parisamkhyana of food

Vyavabura-naya : the practical point of view

Vyaya : destruction, disappearance

Vyutsarga : giving up attachment to the body

Yathakhyata : ideal and passionless conduct

Yati : a male ascetic

yoga : activity of mind, speech and body.