Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions - ASPECTS OF JAINA RELIGION

Front Page

Fore Word

Preface
CONTENTS
Illustrations
ANTIQUITY OF JAINISM
FUNDAMENTALS OF JAINISM
DOCTRINES OF JAINISM
  SALVATION - PATH OF JAINISM
  ETHICS OF JAINISM
  DISTINCTIVENESS OF JAINA ETHICS
  DIVISIONS IN JAINISM
  STATUS OF JAINISM IN INDIA
  CONTRIBUTION OF JAINISM TO INDIAN CULTURE
  JAINISM AND OTHER RELIGIONS
  SIGNIFICANCE OF JAINISM
  GLOSSARY OF JAINA TERMS

GLOSSARY OF JAINA TERMS




Abhyantara tapa : internal austerity

Abrahma : unchastity

Acharya : the head of a group of sadhus

Adana-niksepa : regulation of actions of taking or placing samiti .

Adharma : medium of rest

Agama : sacred precepts

Aghatiya karma : the non-destructive karma

Ahimsa : abstention from injury to living beings

Ailaka : the grade of ascetics of Digambara sect below that of Nirgrantha grade

Ajiva : non-soul, non-living substance

Akasa : space

Aksata : sacred rice

Amanaska jivas : souls having no mind

Anagara-dharma : ethical code for non-householders, i.e. ascetics

Ananta-chatustaya : infinite quaternary

Ananta-darsana : infinite perception

Ananta jnana : infinite knowledge

Ananta-sukh�a : infinite bliss

Ananta-virya : infinite power

Anarthadanda-vrata : a vow to abstain from wanton unnecessary activities

Anasana : fasting

Anatmavada : belief in the non-existence of soul

Anekanta : manifoldness

Anekuntavada : many-sided view-point, doctrine of manifold aspects

Anga : essential requisite, component, limb

Anihnava : without concealment of knowledge

Antaraya karma : the obstructive-karma

Anumana : inference

Anupreksa : reflection

Anu-vrata : a small vow

Anu-vrata : the small vow movement Andolana

Aparigraha : abstention from greed for worldly posse�ssions

Apauraseya : of non-human origin

Apavadiki nivrtii : partial renunciation

Ap-kaya. jivas : water-bodied souls

Apta : Tirthaakara

Arati : waving of lights in front of an idol

Arjika : a female ascetic

Artha : wealth, worldly prosperity, meaning

Asatya : falsehood

Asrama : a stage in life

Asrava : the attraction of karmic matter towards the soul

Asubha-asrava : influx of vice or demeritorious karmas into the soul

Asteya : abstention from theft

Atichara : transgression, short-coming Atithi-saritvibhaga- : a vow to feed ascetics and/or pious house�vrata holders

Atman : soul, spirit

Atmavada : belief in existence of soul

Autsargiki nivrtii : complete renunciation

Avadht jnana : clairvoyant knowledge of matter

Avamodarya : eating less

Avasarpini : descending

Avasyakas : necessary daily duties

Avatara : incarnation

Avidyu : ignorance

Avirati : vowlessness, non-renunciation

Aviveka : want of discrimination

Ayu-karma : the age-determining karma

Baddha jivas : souls in bondage

Bahumana : great honour or zeal

Bahya parigraha : actual possession of worldly objects

Bahya-tapa : external austerities

Bala-mada : pride of power, pride of one's own strength

Bandha : bondage of soul by karmic matter

Bhakti : faith, devotion

Bharata-varsa : India, i.e., the country named after Bharata, the eldest son of the first Jaina Tiratharikara Adinatha

Bhasa-samiti : regulation of mode of speech

Bhattaraka : a Dharma-guru of Digambara Jainas

Bhavana : contemplation

Bhogabhumi : enjoyment-region

Bisapantha : ' name of a sub-sect of Digambara Jainas Brahmacharya : abstention from unchastity or sexuality

Brahmacharya�asrama : the first stage in life of study and preparation

Chaitya : idol or statue

Chaityalaya : a temple

Chaityavirsi : temple residents, another name of Murtipujaka sub-sect of Swetambara sect

Chakravarti : Emperor, a paramount sovereign

Charitra : biographies of great teachers and personages Chatur-indriya Jivas : souls having first four senses of touch, taste, smell and sight

Chaturyama Dharma : fourfold religion

Chaurya : theft

Chhedopasthapana : recovery of lost equanimity

Dana : charity

Darsanavaraniya karma : the conation-obscuring karma

Dasalaksana dharma : observance of ten virtues

Deravasi : temple residents, another name of Murtipnjaka sub-sect of Swetambara sect

Desa-vrata : a vow to limit worldly activity to a particular area

Deva-gati : clestial condition of existence

Deva-mudhata : belief in false gods

Deva puja : worship of God

Dharma : religion, religious merit, virtue, medium of motion

Dharma-guru : a religious authority

Dhrauvya : permanence

Dhundhia : searchers, another name of Sthanakavast sub- sect of Svetambara sect

Dhyana : meditation, concentration of mind

Digambara : sky-clad, naked, name of a major sect of Jainas

Digvrata : a vow to limit worldly activity to fixed points in all directions

Diksa : initiation

Diksa-vidhi : initiation rite

Dravya : substance

Dravya-naya : the substantial point of view

Dvi-indriya ji vas : Souls having first two senses of touch and taste

Esana samiti : regulation of seeking or eating food

Evambhuta Naya : the 'such-like' standpoint

Ganadhara : spokesman of Tirtharikara

Gati : form of existence

Ghatiya karma : the destructive karma

Gotra karma : the family-determining karma

Grantha : book, correct use of the words

Grharambhi himsa : accidental injury, injury due to household activities

Grhastha-asrama : the second stage in life of a householder

Guna : quality

Guna-vrata : a multiplicative vow

Gupti : regulation, control

Guru : teacher, preceptor, guide

Gurupasti : worship of the preceptor

Himsa : injury

Irya-samiti : regulation of walking

Jaina : a follower of Jaina religion

Jaina-dharma : Jaina religion

Jati-mada : pride of caste

Jina : spiritual victor

Jina-dharma : Jaina religion

Jinakalpi Sadhu : an ascetic who observes prescribed rules of conduct in the strictest form

Jiva : soul, spirit, living substance

Jnana : knowledge

Jnana-mada : pride in learning

Janavaraniya karma : the knowledge-obscuring karma

Kala : time, period, age

Kama : pleasure, want

Kalpa : a unit of the cosmic time

Kamandalu : a wooden water pot

Kanksa : desire for sense pleasures

Karma : subtle particles of matter

Karmabhumi : life based on efforts

Karunya : compassion for the afflicted beings

Kasaya : passion

Kaya-gupti : regulation of bodily activity

Kayaklesa : mortification of the body

Kaya yoga : activity of body

Kayotsarga : the way of practising penance in a standing posture

Kevalajirana : pure infinite knowledge

Kevala-Jnani : the omniscient

Kevali : the omniscient

Kevala Jina : the Jina who has attained Kevala jnana

Krodha : anger

Ksullaka : the lowest grade of ascetics of Digambara sect

Kulakara : law giver,

Kula-mada : pride of family

Lanchhana : emblem

Loka : universe

Lobha : greed

Laka-mudhata : belief in superstitions

Mada : pride, arrogance

Madhya-marga : middle path

Madhyastha : indifferent to ill-behaved persons

Maha-vrata : a great vow

Maitri : friendship

Mana : pride

Manahparyaya�jnana : capacity to know other's mind

Mandira-margi : temple goers, another name of Murtipujaka sub-sect of Svetambara sect

Mano-gupti : control of mind

Mano yoga : activity of mind

Manu : law giver

Manusya-gati : human form

Matha : monastery

Mati jnana : sense-knowledge

Maya : deception, illusion

Mithyadarsana : wrong belief

Mtihyatva : wrong belief

Mohaniya karma : the deluding-karma

Moksa : attainment of complete freedom of the soul from karmic matter, salvation

Moksa-marga : way to salvation

Mudhata : superstitious belief

Mukta ji va : a liberated soul

Mukti : complete liberation or emancipation

Mula-gunas : basic attributes, root-virtues

Mumhapatti : a piece of white cloth kept always on the mouth by Svetambara sadhus

Muni : an ascetic

Muni-dharma : ethical code for ascetics

Murtipujaka : idol-worshipper, a major sub-sect of  Svetambara sect