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The technology of war, specially the preparation of atom-bombs, hydrogen bombs and the nuclear weapons have, at present, made the war-affair more dangerous, destructive and disastrous than ever before. We have seen the consequences of the atom-bombs, dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. The impact of the nuclear war is yet to be experimented.

1. Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics : Edited by James Hastings, Vol. X11. Publisher : T. T. Clark, 38, George Street, New York, Fourth Impression, 1958, Page - 675.

2. The Reader�s Digest : Great Encyclopaedia Dictionary. Vol. II. The Reader�s Digest Association Limited, 25, Berkley Square, London. W-1. First Edition, 1964. Page 986.

but one thing is sure, that the nuclear war will be a serious challenge to the existence of the human race and all living beings on earth. The statistical information, furnished by Shri A. R. Ramtirthakar� , in this behalf is worth a consideration. According to him,� It is difficult to predict the number of nuclear weapons and the magnitude of their explosiveness. It is very clear that a nuclear war, once started, can not be restricted to a limited scale.

About 15,000 cities and towns, with population above I lakh could become targets for nearly 5,000 war-heads with total explosive power of 2,000 mega/tons. The military target could consume over 6,000 war-heads. The explosive power nearly 3,000 mega/tons could reduce the economically important industrial centers to ashes... The deaths and serious injuries resulting from the blast, heat and radiation due to explosions of nuclear weapons, will be horrible. 750 millions will be killed out-right and some 340 millions will receive serious injuries due to immediate effect of the blast. Many of those, who will survive will have greater suffering due to the late effects of biological systems, ecological effects and climatological consequences.�

The remote control technology has made the situation of the nuclear war more delicate, acute and risky. In brief, the world at present, is resting on a heap of atomic and nuclear weapons, where any blast may convert the globe into a grave-yard of humanity along with all living beings on earth. In such a state of affairs, what should be done for Global Peace ?

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, �Peace International has been regarded since the beginning of history as a blessing and its opposite � war � as a scourge.� 2

How to save the mankind from the painful, destructive cruelty of war, is a basic question before all the writers,

1. Kindly see : English Section of this book, Page No. 77.

2. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vol. XVII. Encyclopaedia Britannica Limited, William Benton Publisher, London, 1963, Page 412.

whose articles are compiled in this book. A number of scholars suggest that the noble principles of all religions, if practiced sincerely, can rescue the human race from the calamities of war. But the problem is, �Can all men be religious ? �

The history of world-religions proves that the people, whose religion preaches love, mercy and peace and who talk too much about international peace, prosperity, love and brotherhood, have fought for religion and the bloodshed in the war was so much that it washed off the flood of tears from the eyes of the people who survived after the war. In certain cases, the sword was used mercilessly for spreading the religion. Can love, peace, religion, equality and brotherhood be imposed by terror, force or violence ?

Dear Readers ! neither peace nor war descends from the sky, nor do they ascend from within the heart of the globe. They arise from the mind and heart of man. Man is the root of all problems. Therefore, we need a sincere, individual and collective attempt to put international peace on a secure basis on a worldwide scale through deliberate understanding and action. The global peace is needed in the interest of human race and the future of humanity. The present book contains a number of thought-provoking views and suggestions on this issue.

There are persons, who propose that all religions of the world, whose basic principles are love, peace, mercy and unity, should come forward to establish the global peace. But the question is whether the followers of all religions have peace and unity among themselves ? Hinduism is suffering from the diversities of castes, sub-castes, sects and creeds. Islam has the problem of Shiyas and Sunnies or groups of Shaikh, Sayyed, Mughal and Pathan. Buddhism has the branches of Hinayan, Mahayan and Sahaj-yan. Jainism is divided into sects like Digambar, Shwetambar and so on so forth. Christianity has the problems of Roman Catholics and Protestants. With all such differences and divisions and sub-divisions in religious groups, many a times the sermons of love, peace and unity in humanity seem to be echo of words, without the spirit of meaning. So long as the hearts are divided, the words of unity, love and peace are not only meaningless but useless also.

In fact, all religions are noble, all preachers are great and all sermons are divine, provided the disciples follow them in original spirit and true sense with loyalty to the individual self. The greatest need for global peace is the sanctity of thinking and behaviour of every individual with co-ordination between materialism and spiritualism, whose balance is unfortunately lost everywhere in the modern world. Unless flesh and soul, heart and mind, science and religion mutually understand the principles of co-existence, love, service and sacrifice, the concept of global peace will be a beautiful flower with heavenly fragrance, in the dreamland of humanity, which can neither be procured nor enjoyed by any one in reality. Even then, let us make attempts to seek and find out the ways and means to establish the peace in the world. Let us have sincere efforts in this direction.

Padmashree Sumatibai Shah and the writers of articles in this book, must be congratulated for their views and thoughts regarding the eternal issue of war and peace. This is essential as the entire human civilization is threatened by the terror of power politics, class struggle, violence and war today, therefore the need of the Global Peace has become a necessity of the day. I his book is meant for inspiring the readers to go through the contents of the articles and think seriously to find out as to what should be done for global peace ? In such a collection, the thoughts expressed by the writers, represent their own views and visions. It is neither necessary, nor binding on the part of the editor to have the same views and thoughts. In seminars and discussions, sometimes, a contradictory view or thought helps a lot to arrive at a reasonable, logical conclusion As the horror of death is the base of all beautiful and noble concepts of life, so also the dangers and consequences of war are the roots of the line idea of global peace. Let us proceed from darkness to light, hatred to love and evil to good of humanity, by our individual and collective efforts in search of global peace.

The present book contains 22 articles in English, 5 articles in Marathi, one thought of Prin. K. Bhogishayana, introductions of � writers in English ( Page No. 44 & 80 in the English section ), an address of a writer in the Marathi section ( Page No. 1 ), a note about the joint venture for the World Peace Conference and the unanimous resolution passed by the delegates in the conference.

Like the black spots in the Sun, there are some spelling mistakes in the book. e. g. becuase =because ( Page No. 1, line number 8 ), propoganda = propaganda ( Page No. 44, line number 8 ), presnt = present ( Page No. 74, line number 30 ), Obstract=0bstruct    ( Page No. 126, line number 1 ), Wau = Wayu ( Page No. 127, line number 11 ), etc. The readers, the scholars and the critics are requested to correct such errors and communicate their views and opinions to the Academy of Global Peace, Solapur so that the next re-print or the second edition of the book may be uptodate and more useful.

Dr. B. D. Tiwari, D. Litt.
Director, Research Centre,
A-10, Asara Housing Society,
Hotgi Road, Solapur-413 003.

2nd January, 1992