Shri Amar Muni
The Unique Attributes
of a Tirthankar
The Thirty Four Unique Attributes of a Tirthankar
The Tirthankars are worshipped as the loftiest beings
in this world because they acquire infinite knowledge, perception, purity
of conduct , and power by destroying the four vitiating Karmas at
spiritual level. This gives rise to unique attributes in them, both at
spiritual and physical levels. In canonical terms those are known as
Atishaya or out of ordinary. These are-
1. There is no growth of hair on the body.
2. The body remains free of any ailment.
3. The blood and flesh are milky white.
4. The breath is fragrant like lotus.
5. Food intake and excretion are invisible.
6. Above the head there are three canopies (umbrellas) in the sky.
7. A wheel, symbolic of religion, moves ahead and behind him in the
8. At both flanks there are white whisks in the sky.
9. The throne is made of crystal quartz.
10. The flag of Indra moves ahead of him.
11. wherever he stays there is an Ashok tree.
12. There is a divine aura around him.
13. The land around him is pleasant.
14. Thorns get reversed.
15. The seasons are pleasant and favorable.
16. Pleasant wind blows.
17. Dust is settled due to moisture.
18. There are heaps of five types of lifeless flowers around him.
19. There is absence of unpleasant sound, form, smell, color and
touch around him and pleasant things appear.
20-21. His voice is heard with same volume and clarity up to a distance
of one Yojan.
22. His discourse is in Ardha-Magadhi language.
23. All present in the audience understand his discourse in their
24. In his proximity the natural enemies forget their animosity.
25. His opponents become amiable.
26. His dissenters become speechless.
27-28. Twenty five Yojans around him there is no epidemic or death.
29-33. Wherever he goes there are no afflictions self-inflicted or
inflicted by others
including flood, drought, diseases, etc.
34. The touch of his feet pacifies all the earlier disturbances of the
Thirty Five Unique Attributes of Speech (B)
After gaining omniscience the Tirthankars give
discourses aimed at public welfare. They utter only that which they have
directly experienced, thus in their speech there is nothing but the truth.
Their life is free of all 18 vices. Their speech also has unique
qualities. The scriptures mention 35 unique attributes.
The voice of a Tirthankar is deep like the thunder of
clouds and it is never devoid of purpose and result. Following are the 35
1. It has quality
2. It has lofty meaning
3. It is free of coloquial terms
4. Deep as thunder
8. Profound meaning
9. Free of ambiguity
11. Free of doubt
12. It does not expose faults of others.
14. Relevant to the time and place
15. It suits the subject-matter
16. To the point and precise
18. Strictly relevant to the topic.
19. Sweet like nectar
20. Not harsh or biting
21. Supports quest for liberation
22. Profoundly meaningful
23. Free of self-praise and criticism for others
24. To be emulated always
25. Follows the rules of grammar
26. Incites curiosity in the listener
27. Full of eloquence and beauty
28. Free of pauses
29. Free of double meaning
30. Having interpretations
31. Out of ordinary
32. Capable of picturesque description
33. Profound in content and effect
34. Not annoying to self and others
35. Completely logical and vivid