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ß֭֯:- 22 . ן֣֭, ֣ ֣ ߣԍӓ ֳ, ֭, ֯, ֭ ָם֍ ֻ. . ך֝ פߓ ֻ ֤֕ ӭ ֭׾ֻ Ӥ߸ ִԿ . ־ Ӳָӓ פ . ִԿֵ ־ ־ 2-3 ־ָ ָ ߣԴפ֓ ָ ן֯֓߭ ִԿ Ӭֻ껵 . ٟ֍ 㬤 ™ ִֵٝ՟ פӲָ ӓ ֡ ָ.

:- ֣ ֯ Ӥ֕ 1ll ־ָ פӲָ ӓ ӟ ֬ ֬ . ָָָ ןִ ֻ ִþִ ׭־ԝֳ״ ֻ֭ ֟, ׾ֻֿ פ ֟ ӓ ָ ֤ӓ ã֭֯ . ֭ ֪ 2 ™ֵ߯՟ ־ . ־ ֬ ֻ ߻ (֜) ֓ ֯֟֟ ׾ֳ֐֓ ֓߭ ן֍ ִ ָߓֿ ֲֻ . ך֝ ָ פӲָ ӑ֓ ӑֳ־֭ ֻ֭ . ӟ ӑ֓ ㏵ ֵԻֵ ׾ֻֿ ָþ֟ ־֭ . ֳ ʓִֵ Ӑֻ ׿ց֝ã .

߯:- ֯ וֻ֟ ׿֍ֲ֤ ã֭ ־ָ ִ ֤ߓ Ӛ ָ֙ Ӿ֓ ֓߭ Ӿ . Ӿ֓ ֳ֬֐ ׾ֻֿ פ . ֻ ִԿ . Ӑֻӟ ֓߭ פ . ӟ ״֣֭ ֐־ӟӓ ֤ . ך֝ ״֣֭ӓ ֭ã֭ ֻ֭ ֟.



Ӥ֏ӛ ֬֯ӟ.



ֻ:- ߣԁ , ָ ߻ ׍֓ ֯ ӓ ָ֭֬  פӲָ ִ ֭׾ֻ껵 . ״֣֭ ߣԍӓ 30 ӓ . פ֣ӓ ָ ׾ֻֿ ٟ .  ׾ֳ֐ ֻ ֬ ־ ־ 25 פӲָ פ . ֯  פ ׾ֻֿ .

א׸:- ֻ ӿ ևԭ־ָ אָ Ӿ֓ Ù֭ . ֓֕־ 2 ־ָ ֬ . ֿ֭ . ߾ָ 77 פӲָ פ . ֓ Ӥ 1ll ױ .  ָ . ֻ ֵֿ֣ ָ ִԿ 17 פ . ׾ֵֻ֪ .

ֵ֐֜ :- ã֭ ֵ֐֜ ã֭֓ ֭֕֬ . ֓ ־ . ־ָ ׍ . ֓ س֟ߓֵ ׿ֻ֏ӛִ֬ ־ פ. ٟ 껵 . ־ ֻ־ . ֓ ֚־ָ  ןִ . ֯ ߓ ӓ 15 ָ 10 . ֭ßӳ Ӿָ ٟ 껵 .

ָ֕:- ֮֯ ֯ ֟ӭ 21 Ӿָ ߭ ֙ ״֟. 7 ־ָ ָ֕ . ֭ Ӿ . ִԿ . ֬ 31 פӲָ פ ߻ Ӥ߸ӓ ã֯֟֍ ӟ ֝ߵ .

א׸:- ָ ֐ָ ß֯ 40 Ӿָ ֭֬־ָ . ־ߍ ß֭ 6 Ӿָ ־ Ӿ֓ Ӿ . Ӿ֓ ־ ־ԟ א׸ ֬ . ֐ ָ . ֛־ָ 24 פ . 㬤 ™߯ ֵ֟߯՟ ָ.

אָ:- ָ֬ꓵ ֐ָ Ù֭֯ 30 Ӿָ . Ӿӟ ִԿ ֟ פ . ִ 30 Ӿָ 2 Ԑ־ָ -־ԟ . ָ ֐ . ־ԟ־ָ 25 פ . פ ֻ־֓ ֳ֬֐ . ן־ ٟ֍ 㬤 ™߯ ִֵٝ՟ ֡ ָ.

֯:- ꓵ , ߭ ևԭ־ָ Ù֭ . ־ ־ 25 Ӿָ . ך֝ ֓ ֍ָ֓ ־ԟ . ־ֹ֓ ֓ Ӿ ֛ ־. ־ԟ־ָ ֓ ֵֿ֣ ״ 59 פ . ־ԟ־ָ߻ פ֓ ֳ֬֐ פ ӟ ֛ӟ ִٟ . ֭֩־ָ ߓ ӓ 9-10 ֯ . . ־߸ӓ ٟ . ӟӟ ֭֟ ָ ԭ֭֚֯ ֟. ֟ӲӬ ֍ ϓ׻֟ . ָ֕ ֻӓ ӓ֓ ߻ ו֝ꬤָ ֻ , ׿ֻֻ ׍ .

֐ָ 48 Ӿָ ߝ֕ . ߭ פ ӟ ןִ ן֣֭ ֐־ӟ֓ 14 ӓ ָ ־߸ þִ 12 ӓ ם ַ  Ӥ ٟ . ֐ָ 38 Ӿָ ֻ֣ Ӿ . Ӿָ פ 10 ֛ԯ 24 ֛ԯֵ՟ ӓߓ ֛֭ã ןִ . ׻֟֯ 10 Ӿָ Ӿ . Ӿָ 5-6 ֓߭ פ . ָ ֕ӭ , 20 ֛ ӓߓ ן֣֭ ֐־ӟ֓ ٟ 4-5 ӓߓ כ .

֐֛:- ֬ ꓵ ׻֟֯ Ù֭֭ 19 Ӿָ ָ־ָ . ָָ Ӿ֯ϴ֝ '֐֛' . ֓߭ וֵֻ֭ ם֟ כ ٟ . ꓵ ֻ֓ ָ֍š . ֝ ։ָ ֻ . ־ ־ ֿ ׿ֻֻ ֜֟. Ӥ ֭ßӳ . ِ֍ ִ . ִӾָ Ӥ ך֝ . ִ ӟ߻ 14 ֛ ӓߓ ן֣֭ ߣԍӓ .

֯:- ؾ֬֯ӟӟ ߍ֐֛ ӟָ־ָ Ӑֻӟ . ֓ ָ ֕ ֭׾ֻ . ֓ ӟ ־֤ פ ָ ׾ֵֻ֪ . ٟ֍ 㬤 ֟߯ ן־ ֡ ָ.

ָ:- ߍ֐֛ 9 Ӿָ Ӿ , ־ ־ ։ Ӿָ ֛ ך֝ ߭ פӲָ פ . פ֟ 21 ӓߓ ן֣֭ ֐־ӟ֓ ן ֭ ٟ . ٟ כ ӟָ ָָ . ׾. . 1237 ֬ ן֓ ןš ֻ. פ׿־ֵ ָ פ . ָ ֤ ִ֭ӟ ־ ™ . ם֟ כ ٟ פ֟֟. ֯ ãӓ ™߭ ӟ ֝ߵ ֚ .

Ӥ :- ׻֟֯ 20 Ӿָ . פӟ 24 פ ׾ֻ껵 ֟ӟ ߣԍӓ ָ߸֓ ֓֓ 24 ߣԍӓ 24 ׾ִָ֭֕ . ύָ ָߍ ֵ ״ . 9 Ӿָ Ӥ . ߝ ߝ פ ־ֵ ״֟. ߻ ןִ ָ ן  דָ֢ԍ .

ָ֓և:- Ӥ߯ 34 Ӿָ ׭֭֯֬ ך֝ . 8 Ӿָ ָ֓և Ӿ . 28 פ ӟ ־ ־ 1000 ןִ . ӟ߻ ׬֍ Ӑֵֻ ã֟ߟ ֍ߓ כ .

֭֕:- Ӥ߾ֹ 8 Ӿָ . 25 פ ןִ ֛ӟ 껵 . ֛֭ã ӓ ӓ 20 30 ֵ՟ . Ӥ֏ӛӟ߻ ָ אֻ֟ ־ פӲָ ӓߓ Ӳָӓ ׭־ ִֻ ӓ ߣԁ .



׾֤ ֬֯Ϥ.



׸ ԭ֣:- ֬ ꓵ ֍ (׾֤) Ù֭֯ ָ 40 Ӿָ ׿ָ Ӿ֓ Ӿ . Ӿ֓ Ӿ֓ ֳ֬֐ ӟ ֓߭ ֻ֕ ִפ ֓ ֕֕ ӯϤֵ֓ ִԿ . ֓߭ ןִ ߴ֬ ָ . ־ֹ֓ ןִ 'ן׸ ԭ֣' Ӿ֭ ֬ ֻ . ӯϤֵӭ ֯ֆֻ֯ ׾ָ֬߭ ֭ ֓ Ӭ פ . ֍ 6 9 ֵ՟ ָ 12 3 ֵ՟ Ӳָ ֭ ֟ ָ 9 12 3 6 ֵ՟ פӲָ ֭ ֟.



ָ:- ֍ וֻӟ ٟ֕֯ Ù֭֯ ־ִ֟ ַ֝ ևԭ־ָ . ߭ ֓߭ ׾ֿӻ פ . פӟ Ӥ, , , , ֮ ֐ ӓ . ָּӓ ߭ ֪ ָֻ֟ ֝֓ ָ ֐֝֓ ןָ šӑ֓ . ָֻ֟֝ ֐֝ פӟ Í, ֍ ӣӓ ӛָ . ߻ ־߸ ʓִֵ Ӿ֓ ֤ ׿ց֝ ã .

㟍א׸:- ֬ ַӛӟ ׻֓֯ 12 Ӿָ ׭֕ԭ ִ֬ ֛־ָ . ֵֿ֣ ִԿ ־ . ֵ־ָ ֜֝ ֵַ ֭׾ֻ껵 . ָ־ָ ӱ ӟ  ֓߭ ֯ןִ . ӱ֓ ֯ 52 פ . ֯֯ ֻ .

֟֍:- ןֵֿ ָ־֟߯ 10 Ӿָ 3 פӲָ פ . ֯ ִ֬ –ֳ֣֭ӓ ֭֩ã 3 ӓ ٟ ׾ִָ֭֕ . ֕ ָ ֭֟ ٟ֍ ֪ ӓִ ָ.

ִ֙:- ך֝ ֐֯ 24 Ӿָ . פӲָ ӓ ֚ פ . ֯ ֓߭ פӟ 16 ߣԍ ן֣֭ þִ ӓ 15 ӓߓ ֭ ןִ ׾ִָ֭֕ .



֭֕֯ ӟ.



־߸ :- ۿִ ꓵ ֐֤-֣ ևԭ־ָ ' ־߸' Ӿ Ù֭ . 4 ־Ӹ . ׾ֻֿ ؤӲָ ִפ ӟ ־ָ þִߓ ֭ ןִ . ןִ ־֓ ׭ֻ֑ . ָ ׾ֿ֟: ֵ֯ ߻ ָ߭ ָ ֟ߓ ӛ ӟ ָ֬ ֌߭ ֟. ֡ ߑ ֐ֻ ֟. ן־ ־֪ ן֤֯ ־ָ ֐־ӟ֓ ã֭ ִ֐ ֭֙ ״ָ֝ ׭֑֟. ֏ ߭ ־ ִ֟֟ ֐־֟ӓ þָ ֵ֤߯՟ ֟֟. ֙ ֟ ָ ֵָ ֟֟. ߭ ׭֑ ֟֟. ״ָ֝ ָ ױ ָ ֐־ӟӓ ־ָ ָ ֝֟֟. ӟָ : ָӓ ֡ ָ.

Ӥ:- וֻӟ ֭֯ Ӿ֓ ֓߭ . ֭֯ Ր־ָ Ӥ Ӿ֓ . ֳ՟ ӟ ִפ . ӟ ׾ֻֿ ןִ . ӓ ӏ 577 ָ. ֕֓ ָ פ ֓ ֝֓ 10 ӓ ٟ-ßӳ . ֓ ָ ֕ פӲָ ןִ 껵 ߭ ֕ӭ .

֌ ԭ֣:- ֬ ꓵ ֻ- ևԭ־ָ Ӿ֓ Ù֭ . ֵ ֻ Ùִ֬ . Ӿָ ֓߭ ִפ . ԭ֣ þִ ֭֩ ӟ ֖֭ 2ll ӓߓ ٟ ׾ִָ֭֕ . ӯϤֵ֓ 껵 ֟. ָ ֚ ׭ָ׭ָ ׭ֵ㌟ 껵 . ֍ 6 9 ֵ՟ פӲָ ӯϤֵ֓ ֟ ָ Ӳָ֚ ׭ֵ֟ .

ײ֕׻ֵ ԭ֣:- ߴ֓֯ 68 ־ָ ײ֕׻ֵ ã֭ . Ӿ֓ ־ ԭ֣ þִߓ ӟ ֓߭ ֝ߵ ןֵֿ- . פӟ 23 ןִ 껵 . ָ ֕ӭ س֟߾ָ ٟ 껵 . ׾ֻֿ ֳ-ӛ, ָ , ֭ßӳ ֭ßӳ־ָ ןִ ׿ֻֻ .

ֳ֤ (׸֕) :- ָ 40 Ӿָ . ֳ֤ӓ ׾ֻֿ פ . ֓ ָ ֕ӭ . ӟ ֳ֬֐ Ӑִָָ Ӥ߸ ӓ ӓ 48 ׿֏ָ . ӟ 껵֭ӟָ ֳ֤ӓ ㏵ פ ֜. ִ֬ 6-7 ӓߓ ֭֩ã ִ־֝ פӲָ ٟ , ָ ֜׾֝֓ ֍ ׬֍ ϣ , ָ֭ ־ ٟ Ӎ ֟. 'ָ֕' ֟֟. Ӳָ Ӑ 㬤 ֜׾֟֟. ã֭֓ ׾ֿ ֭֟ . ӯϤֵ֓ ֤֭ ֟.

-־ԟ:- ۿִ ָ߻ Ù֭֯ ֛֍ ָ ֟֟. ֛־ָ ֛ ־ ֕ פӲָ פ . ־ߍ פ־֛֓ ֬ Ӳָ פ ׭ִԝ ֻ . ֯ פ ׾ִֻֿ֭ ׾. . 1088 ֬ 18 53 ֏ ֓ԭ ָ פ ßֻ ֻ֯ ӭ 12 53 ֏ ֵ ֓ ֭׾ֻ . Ӑִָָ ֝ߵ . ׾ֻֿ פӓ ֬ פӲָ פ .

ֻ֐֛:- פ־֛֯ 5 Ӿָ ֻ֐֛ . ֭ Ӳָ פ . ӯ פӟ ֯ ֟ӓ 14 ןִ ׾ִָ֭֕ .

ָ֬:- Ӥ ӛ ևԭ־ָ Ӿ֓ Ù֭ . ־ ִԤ Ӛ ָָ . Ӿ֬ ָ֬ ֟ . ֤֭ߓ Ӛ־ָ . ֍֟, ִ֤ 3ll یֳֻ ֻ .

:- ӛ ָ߭ ֻ ֟ , ߭ ָ ֓ ß . ֓߭ פ . Ӿ֟ 1218 ֬ Ӭ׾ֻ . ׿־ֵ ָ ֓߭ פ ߝԾã . ԯ ֓ ״ֻ . '־א׸' ֬ ֟֟.

֛֭:- ֛֭ 5 ־ָ߻ ֛־ָ 껵־ָ ֛֭ ״. ֛֭ Ӿ֓ ־ ִֻ Ӿ ֛ . ß׾֍ ֓ Ӿ 'א׸' . ־ֹ Ӧו֟ ֍ ӭ ی ״׾ֻ . ־ֹ Ӧו֟ ֍ ӭ ی ״׾ֻ . ֓ Ӥ ֟ӭ ־՟ ׾ֻֿ֍ֵ ӓ . '־֭֐֕֕' ֟֟ Ӿ֟ 1223 ֬ ߝԬָ ֻ ӯ֛. ֛־ָ ־ פ . 㬤 ™ ִֵٝ՟ ֍ ֡ ָ.



™- ָ֣ -֭



ָ:- ֓߭ ֬- ָ֣ ӟ֓ Ӛ וֻӟ ۿִ ָ ָ Ӿ֓ Ù֭֯ ߭ ֛־ָ . ָ פ 3ll . ӯϤֵ֓ פ .

אָָ:- ™ӟ ֐֛ ־ ֬ ׾֪֭ . ֐֛ Ù֭֯ 4-5 Ӿָ אָָ ־ԟ֓ ֵ֣ ֐֟. ӯϤֵ֓ ִԿ ֛־ָ ֚֜ ִԿ ־֓ Ӭ߾ ֵַӭ ָ . ֵ֙՟ . 22 ߣԍ . ״֣֭ ֐־֭ӭ ֓ ֛֓ áӟ ֭ӟ ߁ ֯ ӭ ֻ֖֭֓ ۯ ֻ ֓ . ӓ ֐ ֬ ֕ߴ֟ ӭ 㬤 ֓ ך֝ ߁ ֻ . ֛־ָ ֻ־ָ ӱ ֤֕ߓ ٟ ֜. ӯϤֵ֓ פ . ַ ֛־ָ ָ ֤ ׭ֹ ָӭ . ־֣ ֛־ָ ֚֜ ֵֵָ ߟ, ִֵ ֓־ָ ֜ ӟ ך . ߍ֓ Ϫ㴭֍ָ ց ӓ־ ֛־ֹ . ״֣֭ . ־ ך֝ ֤ . ך֝ ֛ӟ 껵 ִ . ӯֵ֦ӟ ׿֏ָ ϴ֝ ӟ ֭֟ .

֡ӕֵ:- ۿִ ꓵ ֻߟ֭ Ù֭ 1ll-2 ӟָ־ָ ֛֓ ֵ֣ . ֓ ֛֓ ֜և ָ . ß ָ . ֛־ָ Ӳָӓ ־ ־ 3ll ָ . ֚ ֵ ֓ ֻ . Ӳָ ־ӯϤֵ ־ ߣԯ ߣ ָ ֭֟. פӲָӓ פ . ֻߟ֭ ӟ Ӳָ֓ 20-25 ִԿ פ . ֐ִ פ ֵָ ֻ . ӟ ֝־ָ Ӳָӓ ־ ֐ִ . ӭ ߭ ӛ .

־֐֛:- ֛֯ 28 Ӿָ ӯ֭ ־ ־֐֛ ֬ . ־֐֛ ֕ ׾ֻֿ ֛ ׍֓ . ֛־ָ߻ ֜֓ ֐Ծָ ֛ ֜ ָ . ֛־ָ ֚ פӓ ӛ־ֿ– . ӓ ߝ쬤ָ . . ִ֓Ӧӓ ־֍ָ ֍ָ ם ָ .



ָ™



ӐߟӐ:- ׿֍ וֻӟ߻ ӕ֯ӣ 80 Ӿָ . ־ ־ ־ԟӓ . ӯ ֓ Ӿ 'Ӑ' ַ֓ Ӿ 'Ӑ' . Ӑ ׿֏ָ֓ ӱ֬ ָ֬֯֝ ֿ֛߭ ןִ ָ ֤ . ם Ӑ ֛ӟ ־ ־ ןִ . ֬ӓ ֯ ןִ . ֬ןִӓ֕־ د֔ ӛ ֬ӓ ֻ ӓ Ӿ ׻ . ־ԟ֓ ֳ֬֐ ã֭ . ך֝ ֳֻ֦֭ ߍ֓ ӟÍָ , ֵ . ֓ ִ֓Ӧ, ָ, ߾ ֐ ׭־ԝ ۯ ֻ .

֕֯ӣ:- ׿֍ ־ ֹ ִ֍ ֵ֓ ־ ֿ֭ ߾ָ ֬- . ֜ ֵַ ֳֻ֦ ֤ӿߵ ֕ӭ ֯ۯ ֻ .

() :- ִ֛֭ ӌ֭ Ù֭ 60 ־ָ (ֲ֤ 18 Ӿָ) Ӿ . Ӿ֕־ ֛ӟ 껵 ׾ֻֿ ӱ ߾ ꝵֲ֧ ׾ִ֬ ֬ . ߻ 31, 32, 33 24 Ӳָ ꝵ ׿™ ԝߵ . ־ ԭ֣ӓ þ֟ӡ פ ִ֬ 12ll ӓ ֭ ןִ ׾ִָ֭֕ . ֻ ָӭ ָ ӱ ֐֟֟. ߝԾã . ( ԭ֣ ɓִֵ ־߭֯֝ ֻ .)

ֻא׸:- ֿ Ù֭֯ ־ ־ 21 Ӿָ ֛־ָ . . ֳ֝ ֳ֭ . ־ԟ־ָ ָ ֤ӓ פ . (֟ ך֝ ןš ֻ .) פ . ֑ ִٝ ֡ ָ . .

ָ׿־--( ӱ ):- ֯ ָ ֻאָ ֟ ֟ӭ ֐՟ ôֲ֤֭ Ӿ֓ . ֓ Ӿ ָ׿־ . '' Ӿ֓ Ӿ ֓߭ ִפ . ָ׿־֓ ־ ӱ . ㏵ ӱ ӟ ׾ֻֿ . Ӵ֬ ӓ ֓ . ԭ֣ӓ ӱ ӟ ׾ֻֿ . Ӵ֬ ӓ ֓ . ԭ֣ӓ ֝֓ ٟ ׾ִָ֭֕ ֕ ֱ֟ ֐ ԭ֣ӓ ٟ . ֝֏ ֝ , ־ָ ִٟ 껵 . ㏵ ӱ ָ ӱ . ־ ӱӟ ןִ ㏵֟: ԭ֣ ֐־֭ӓ . ־߸ þִ ןִ . ־ֹ ԭ֣ þִ ןִ ־. ™ ™ ״. ׸֯ϴ֝ ֕ ӱ ֭׾ֻ껵 Ꟶ ֓ ӱ ֻ֓ אֻ֟ ֟.

׾֕֯:- ׁ֝ ָ ׾֕֯ Ӿ֓ . Ù֭֓ ־ Ӑֻ Ӑֵֻ . ӟ ִ ֻ껵 . ٟ ߭ ֟ ӓߓ . ԭ֣ӓ . ־ָ Ӿ֟ 1232 ׻ . Ӿָ פ ӟ ԭ֣ ֐־ӟӓ áֱֵ㌟ ֝ߵ ٟ . 17 Ӿָ ֲ֭֐ָ , ֓߭ .ӟ . ԭ֣ӓ ֝֓ ߛ ֟ ӓߓ ֭֩ã ٟ ׾ִָ֭֕ . ָ֓ ןֵֿ ן֓ӲӬ ֍ ϓ׻֟ .

ִ֤ߓ ӱ פ :- ײ֕֯ וֻӟ ִ֤ Ӿ . ֓ ־ ֛ ׍ . ׁ֝ ֛֓ ֕ ־ ֟֍ӟ ֭׾ֻ ߭ ӓ ӱ פ . ӱ פӟ ֝ߵ 柵 . פ ֻ㌵ ӿ֓ ֕ ֍ ֭ Ӭ׾ֻ .

Ӿ:- ֤ ָ ֻ . ֓ ֓߭ ׍ . Ӑ֟֟ 108 פ . ־ ֛ ײ֕֯ ֤֓ ָָ ׍ Ӭֻ , ֟ ߭ פ . ӓ ָאָ ցߍִ ֕ ֝ߵ . Ӿ וֻӟ ß־׭֬ Ӿ֓ , 5-6 פ ӟ ִٟ .

ֻ߲ -:- ״ָ ֯ ևԭ־ָ ֟֍Ӑֻ Ù֭֯ ָ ӟָ־ָ ֛־ָ 3 פ . ֵֿ֣ ֻ ֐־ӟӓ 28 ӓ ־߭ ֭ ןִ ןš ֻ . ֻ ɓִֵ ׾ֻֿ ã .



-֦-֭



֩־֟:- Ϥӟ ׿ִ . ߣԻ߾ֹ ' ֩־֟' ׍ פ . ӟ߻ פ ӟ ׾ֻֿ . ӱ , ןִ .

ָӐ:- ׁ֝ ָ וֻӟ ֭ Ӿ . ӟָ־ָ ֵ֙֓ ӟ ׾ֻֿ פ . ӓ ӟ ַֿ֓ ֓߭ ןִ . ֻ־֓ ֬ פ . פ ֭ ֻ ָ ӟ Ӥ .

ָ:- ָӐ 15 Ӿָ Ӑֻ ã֭ . פӲָ֭ ӓ ֓߭ ߣã֭ . 18 וִפ . ־ԟ־ָ ֻ þִߓ 32 ӓߓ ֛֭ã ٟ ׾ִָ֭֕ . ִ ָ ־ԟ . ־ָ פ . ִ֬ ָ ֕ӭ ֛֭ã ߭ ߭ ׾ֻֿ ןִ . ָאָߓ ™߭ פ ֝ߵ .

ײ֦:- ָ 10 Ӿָ Ӑֻ Ӿ . 18 פ . ӯ ן ׾ֻֿ . ֓ Ӿ סֳ֭-ןֻ֍-ִם . ֓ ֟ . פ ߭ ֻ֕ . ֻ ֚ . ־ָ ָ ם ָ߭ . פ ֬ӟ ß Ӿ֭ ֬ . ֻ֕ . פӟ פӲָ ӓ Ϗ֟ ӣ ־ֻ, ֵ֬־ֻ ֲ֭ ֛֭ ׻֯ߟ ֛֡־ָ ׻ ֤ ׁ֟ . ֓ פӟ 37 , ֮, ָ֕, , , ߻ִ פ ӓ . ָּ ֹߟ כֵ֓ ӓ ֤ ֓߭ ӣ֓ Ӑֻ Ӑ .

:- ֤ߓ Ӛ ː֤ ֭ Ӿ . Ӿ֓ ۿִ . ֓ ӟ ֙ þִߓ 31 ӓߓ ןִ Ӿӟ ִפ .

-ߛ:- Ϥӟ ֭ ֓ ָ Ӿ ӯ 12 ӟָ־ָ . ך֝֓ ٟ֍ ־ ך֝֯ ֻ֭ ֟. ֭֕֬ ֬ , ֕ ֐ָ ֬ . ӓ ־ פ . ־ פӲָ ӯϤֵ֓ ־ָ ύָ ֍ן ָאָ פ .

־ֲ֝:- ֭ וֻ֓ ӟ֐ԟ ߭ ã֭ӭ Ϥ ׾׾֏֟ ֻ֭ ך֝ , ߛ ־ֲ֝ . ֭֓ ۿִ ־ֲ֝ . ֭ ֝ ָ ָ ֐֟֟. ־ֲ֝ Ӧא׸ ׾֬אָ Ӿ֓ ֛ ־ ־ . ־ԟֵ֓ ֳ֬֐ ֻ־ , ֓ Ӿ '' ֕ 'Ӝ þ֓ ֝֓ ֻ־' . ִ֝ ִ Ӿ ־ֲ֝ Ӿ ֛. פӲָ ӓ ߣã֭ . ִ֙ Ӧ㯟 ֻ֯ ֦ ӓ ָָ þ֟: ֙ פ ִ߯ ֻ׾֚֝ ֻ . 鬤־ã ӭ Ӧאָ߾ָ ֻ֭ ָ ָ߸ ֐ . Ӧ㯟֭ ָ֤֯ӓ ָ ֙ ִ׬ ָ ֻ֯ ־߭-֡ ӯ׾ֻ.

׾֭א׸ Ӿ֓ ֛־ָ ָ֙ӓ ׾ֻֿ֍ֵ Ӥ ٟ ׾ִָ֭֕ . ־ԟ֓ ӓ 470 ָ ֚֝ ֵַ ֛ӟ 껵 . ֍ ֻӓ ֲӟ ' ֐ ָ߸ ָ߾, ֭֯, ֕ ןִ֭ . ֓ ֝ӟ ֵָ ֍ ָ Ӥ ٟ ֐ӟ ָߍ , ֍ ٟ ן í֐ یֳָ֭ ӓ ֭ ֻ֯֍ ֍™ . , ֝ ӓִ ֐֓ ָ֓ ֕ ֟ ָ ׭֑ ֐ֻ 1000 ԯ Ӑ־ӿ֓ ֯ן ӡ ִӛֵ ӭ ׾ֻ . ־ԟ־ָ ֭ ־ פ . '

Ӧאָ߾ָ ֚֜ ֵַ . ־ԟ־ָ ֳ֬֐ Ӭֻ . ֓ ӟ ן ֓߭ 14 פ . פӟ ׾ֻֿ ֓߭ ןִ . ӱ ֦ ָ ֤ ָ֬ 1 Ӳߓ . ן֍ ™߭ ֛ ן ֯ . ָ ־ָ ־ ֓߭ ׿ֻֻ ֜֟. ӓ ֻ . ־ԟ֓ ߭ ֛ ן ֯ . ָ ־ָ  ֓߭ ׿ֻֻ ֜֟. ӓ ֻ . ־ԟ֓ ֵֿ֣ ֻ껵 Ӿӟ 7 פ 13 ֵֻ . פӟ ד֡֍ ׳֟ ֝֓ ßӳ . ָּ ֹٟ ןִ áֳӛָ Ӑֻ ִ鬤 . פӲָ ֻ֚ . ӟ֟ ָ ך֝ , ך֝֓ פ ֝ߵ .



ӟ.



ӛא׸:- ׸ Ϥ֓ ֭֕֬ . ֓ ֯ ָ ןִ . ָ ӟ ӓ ӏ ִֻ ӓ ֝֓ ߓ Ӳ֬ . ֓ ֬ ӛאָ אָ ֟ . ָ֭ 5 Ӿָ ۿִ֯ וֻӟ ӛאָ א׸ Ӿ֓ . ߾ָ ֝ӭ ӱ פ ֭׾ֻ . . ֭֯ ֮ (50) ԯ ֤ӟָ 500 ԯֵ՟ ֭׾ֻ . אָߓ ӱ ػ֐֓֍֟ ִ֙ ָ ӓ ן-֬ ׿ֻֻ ׍ .



ִ֬ ָ ִ.



ִ֬ԓ ־ֿ֍ ™ߓ ׸ֵ פ־ָ ֓ ָ ִԿ ӲӬ ֵ ? ™߾ָ ָ ™ ֍ ꐵ ָ . ָ ִ ָ אֻ֟껵 ™߾ָ ׬֍ ύֿ ֛ ִԓ ׸ã֟ߓ ֣֣ ֍֭ ꝵ ӲӬߓ ֻ껵 ߓ ֭ ָ ׬֍ ֤ ֍.

ָ ԟ߻ ִԯ ִ ꬤִ ֓ ִ , ӓ ָָ ִ֬ԓ ן֍ ӲӬ ֻ . ָߵ ֭֟ ߭ ִ ָïָӓ ־֟ ֟ . ϟ ִԭ ָ ִԾָ߻ ԯ֍ԓ פ ָïָ֭ Ӿָ ָ ֻ ם ӓ Ӿָ ϳ־ ֛׿־ֵ .



1 ִ֬ ִ.



ִ ֕ פ ִ ֭֭֟ ִ ֟. ָ ֲ ԭ ־ԡ ֻ . '' ֲ֓ ֏ ֟ , ӟ ִ֬ 㬤 ִ׾™ ։ ֍. ָ ԓ ϳ־֯ א֍ ֲ֣ԍ ց ָ , ֏ ֓ ֚ߴ ֟ , ִ֬ ִ Ӿ֭ ִֻ֕ ַ֝ פ ִԓ ӛ ֟ . ָ ׭:ց֯֟ ׾־֭ӭ ִ֬ԓ ֐ ֵ֭ ., ִם֍֝ ִ֬ ָ֓ þ֟ӡ ִ ֭֟֟ ם ִԓֵ ֟ӟָ ™ ֟ ֓ ׭ ׭֑֟. ™ߓ ׭֝Ե ִԓ á ֵ ׭֝ ֟ ־ָ ׬֍ ׭ֳԸ . ָ ָ ֟ ָ ϴ֝ ״ ֍ָ , ִõָ ׬֍ ύֿ ֍ ֍.

֯֝ פ ֓ ״֍ ׾֍֓ ׸ֵ֓ . ׸ֵ ָߵ ۟֍ ֻ . ֭ 1500 .. 600 ֵ՟, ָ ם֍֣ ֻ-.. 600 .. 200 ֵ՟,ןָ ֍ֻ-.. 200 .

ִԓ ־՟ ֓߭ á . , ֕, ִ־ ־Ծ ָ ύָ . ם֍ӓ ֝ , ָ ӓ Ӎ֭ ӭ ֖ӓ ־ֿ֍ӭ ™ִ . ֖֭š֭֚ ָ ۟֕ӓ ־ֿ֍ ֟. 1 ֟ 2 ֟ 3 ֵ 4 δ, '' ӡӓ ָ ֟ӭ ־ , ӡ ִ֓ Ӎ֭ ӟ . '֟' ӟ߻

֬ ָӟ ֟ ™߭ ִ֤֓ Ӎ֭ . ֖֓ ׾׾֬ š֭֓ ӯ֤ ֓ ִ ֵԓ . ֚ ֕ ֵָ ֻ. ӯ ӓ ׭߸֍-™ ֟, š֭ӟ ֟ ύָ ֵ, ׾֭ ֵ ֚ ־- Ӎ׻֟ . ϴ֝ ֖֭š֭ Ӑֻ ַ ֚ ׳֮ ׳֮ ӓ Ӎ֭ ׳֮ ׳֮ ۟֕֍׸ .

֓ ߭ ׾ֳ֐ - ӡ, ɝ ׭֤, ӡӓ ִֵ '' ֟֟. ɝ ӣ֟ ֵ֖֐פӓ š֭פӓ ׾ß ֝ԭ . ӭ ӡӓ '֏ ӣ' ֟֟. ɝ ӣ֓ ֙ ֐ ָ֍ ׭֤ . ӟ ֿ׭֍ ֟֓ ׾־֭ . ׭֤ӭ֓ ֭ ֟֟.

׾ֵ ׾ֳ֐֓ ™߭ ֓ ԍӛ ֭֍ӛ ׾ֳ֐ . , ɝ ָ֍ ӓ ӟֳԾ ԍӛֈӟ ׭֤ӓ ֭֍ӛӟ . ָ ӟ ㏵֟: ׍֍ӛ֓ ֓ ָӟ ㏵ֵ֟ ֭֓ ֓ .

ӓ ㏵ ׾ֵ ֟ӓ ßן ֟ ֕ ې, Ӧ, ֐. ֟ӓ ӏ ۬- . ׾־֭ӓ ֟֯ϴ֝ פ ֵԓ ׾ , ֟ӓֵ ֐֓ ־ ִ ֻֻ ִ ӓ ßן ߟ ֟. ֵ ָ ԟ ֻ. ֻ֯ ָָ ӭ ֟ӓ ֍Ӳָָ ׸ֵ ֜ . ӭ ֻ֯ ߟӓ Ӑ ӲӬ ֜ ֐ֻ Ӑ .

֟֟ , פ ֵ ָ־ԟ ֻ ӓ ִ֭ Í Ӑֻ ִ֟߿ ֻ. ӟ ֝ ֵ ִ־֝ õ ӓֵ ׾ָӓ ֝ԭ ״ , ָ ־Ծִ֬ ֤֭֯Ϥ֭֓ ֭ ״ ״ ֟, ״. ֛ߓ ׸ִ ֕ ־Ծ ֤ ꝵ֓ ӣ ֻ֭. ֯֝ ־Ծ ־ֹ ֕, ִ־ ɝ ӣ ӓ ־ֿ֍ ֐ ֻ֭ ֟֟. ָ ӟ ֐פӓ ׾֬ߓ ֝ԭ . ӓ ֕ ӟ߻ ӓ ֵ ֖֭š֭֚ .

ִ ֍ ֯֝ ӭ ָߵ ֭ ֻ֓ ֭֟ ֣֣ԟ: þߍָ֓ ֜ . ֓ ָ , ӓ ָ׬֍ ôߓ ָ֬־ָ ӿ ״ ֤־ ִֵ ֚֝ ִ֬ ׾֡֓ ӲӬ ֝ ֹ . ! ɝ ӓ ™߭ פ ӓ ִ ֖ ֓ ֭µӓ ֟ӿ ӲӬ ס֍ þֹ֓ . ' ֟ ֟ ' ֓ .

ָ֍ӲӬ Ӑ֟֟ , ֭ӟ ַ ֚ ӓ ֭ . ־ֹ ™ ױ׾ֻ ָ ӟ ֖פֵխ ״ַ ֲ֧ ֬ ֻ֓ ™꟯֢ ֙ ,  ׍֍ӛ־ָ߻ ӓ ׳ֹד ֐ֻ . ָ ֵ֖֐פӭ ״ָ þ֐ ãֵ þֹ֓ ִֻ ֖פӭ ֟ן֍ ״ ָ ֝ ִֻ֕ ։ ֍ ־.

׭֤Ӿָ ָ ָ֕ ׾ֻ ָ ׭֤ӭ ãן ֭ ֯֝ פ . یִ֯֝ ַ֭֝ ָֻ߭ ׾־֭֯ϴ֝ ֓ ӓ ֭֟ӲӬ . ֕ ӓ ׻֍ þߍָ ֟ ָ ַ ™߭ ָ ԓ ִ ㌟ ֯ ֍ . ָ ֟֟ ' , ִ־ ֕ ֝֟ ָ ־ֹ ӊ á ֜ ֝֟. ֯֝ þ֟: ֯֝֟ . ' ӛ ׭֤ӟ ׻ - '׾֪ ύָ ֿ ցӟ ־ֵ . ָ ׾֪ ָ ָ ׾֪ ӟ ֯ ָ ׾֪ ָ ֕ ֑֭ ԓ ׾֪ ׾ֿ֭ ɟ֟֓ ۯ ָ š ׾֪ . '

פ ֓ ׾־֭־ֹ ™ ï™ , פ ֵ ָ־ԟ ֻ ӓ ӑ ߻ ׭־ Ӳָָ ֻ. ָ '׭֤' (1-1-20) ׭֙ ֻӟ פ ִԿ ۟֍ ׾ָ ָ ן֍ ׾֪֭ ֟. ֣ׯ ֓ , ׭֤ ֻ֓ פ ִԿ ׾ָ ָ ־. ָӟ ָ ӟָ ־ָ ׬֍ָ ִ׾ָ֝ӓ ֵָ֬֟ ϟע ֟ , ֓ פ Íן߭ ֭ ֝֓֓ ϵ֟ ֟. ֟ Ӑϕӭ פ ֵ ם ӓ ָ׬֍ָ ӭ 㬤 ־. ύָ Í ִ֕ ֻ֟֟ , ִ֬ԓ ע 㬤 ִԓ ָָ ؍ ֓ ֝ ׭֤ ֻ֭ӟָ  ֻ־֬߭ ֻ ִ ׭֤ӓ ֟־ָ ָ֬ . ֟ ׸ã֟ ִֵ ֟֟ , ־ ן֖ ֭֟֟ , ֓ 23 ߣԍ ԭ֣ . . 800 ֬ ֻ ן֍ ֯ ֝ ִ֬ԓ ã֯֍ ־.

ָ ֬֍֭ ֻ֯ ָߵ ԭ ׻֟ , ' ֭֟ϴ֝ ִԓ ã֯֍ ֳ֤ ֟. ׍ ֟֍ . ֲ֟ ־ ״ , .. ֟֍ӟ ϣִ ߣԍ ֳ֤ӓ . ֬Դ֭ ؍ ԭ֣ ӓ ִ֬ ϓ׻֟ ӟ Ӎ . ֕ӟ ֳ֤, ו֣֭֟ ׸™״ ߭ ߣԍӓ Ӿӓ . ֐־֟ ֝־ֹ ï™ , ֳ֤ ִ֬ԓ ã֯֍ . '

׸ã֟ߴ֬ ׭֤ӓ ֟Ӿָ ִ֬ ָ ֝ ׍֯֟ ד֟ ? ָ ֻ ׭֤ ֻ ֟֟. ֻӟ . ԭ֣ӓ ֭ ָ֝ ֐ָߴ֬ ֻ . פ ֻ֯ ֻ־ã ԭ֣ Ӑꓵ Ӛ ױ ֟ ֯ß ӓې ֯ ߟ ֻ֓ ӭ . ֖֭֟߭ 귵 ָֿ֯ӓ ӭ ׾ָ ֏־ פ , Ӎ ӟ ֐ ֐ߝߓ Ӎ דָ ֟ ֓ ֝ ֿ ֻ ֐֓ ׭ֻ֑. ֙ӟָ ԭ֣ӓ ֭֟ ֤ פ. . ԭ֣֭ӟָ ָ 2ll ԭ . ־߸ ֻ. ӓ  . ֳ֤ ֻ . ָӿ, פ ֵ ָ־ԟ ֻ ־ ֳ֤ӓ ִ ϓ׻֟ ӓ ֵӓ פ ֵտ ӑ ֻ ־. ׾֛ ӿ : ָߵ ׾֛ Íן ָߵ . ָ ׾֛ ָ־ԟ֓ ֜. ׾֛ Íן ׭ۿ֟֯֝ ִ֬ԭ ϳ׾֟ ֻ ם ִ֬ԟ ׾֛ Ӿ֭ ӑ . ֓ ָ . ׾֛ ֿ֓ ֝ ַֿ֓ ֭ӟָ ֻ ־. ֭ӟָ Ӎ׻֟ 껵 ֕ӟ ߣԍӓ Ӿ ӯ֛֟ ֓ ָ ־.

פ ִ ֖֯Ϭ֭ ֻ֭ ӓ ֲֻ ֜ ־ ӲӬ þֳ׾֍ ߙ ֻ, ֓ ָ ֻ֓ . ֤ ֍ô֟ ֙  ׍ ӛ֓ ׾ֹ ֻ껵 ִ֝ Í߭ 껵 ׾ָ֓ ׸ִ , Íߓ ϝ ֐־֭ ֳ֤ ִ ׭֤ӓ ֭ . ӭ ӓ ִ֝ ָ ֻ֭ . ָ ӟ ֯ ָ ׾֪ ָ׾֪ ־ ָ ֕ ׭ִߓ Ӑ ֖֭֟ ߓ ׸׾֪ þֹ֓ ֭ ӟ אֻ֟ . ֯ϴ֝ ׭֤ӭ ֬۟֍ ֬ӟ֓ ן֤֯ ָ , ָ פ ׍֍ӛ֓ ׾ָ ֡ . ָ ֬֍֭ ӓ ֟֯ϴ֝ '־ ִ֕ ֬۟֍ ֬ӟӟ ֙ ֬ ־ ۓ ־ ׭֤ӟ ֐ֻ ֓ ߟߓ ֻӲ֭ ֻ פ . ֟ ־ Ͼߓ Ӭ֭ӟ þ֟ӡ ֵ֓ ָ ָ ֟. ָ ֡ ֓ 㭵 ֲֵ֝ Ͼ ־ӟ . ߾֭֓ ־߭ ֤ ãׯ֟ ֋֕ ֙ ֐ԓ֓ ָ ߟ ֻ פ ֟. ֬۟֍ ִ֕֓ ֤ ֟֓ ã֭֯ ֐. ӯ ֤ߓ ׳֮ ™ . ׭֤ӭ ֓߭ פ ׍Ӎӛ ֟-ֿ֤ ֓ ϵ֟ , ָ ֻ֟߭ ߜ߭ ִ֬ ߓ ׳ֹ ֏׾ֻ . ֓ ׭֤ӓ ֟־֤ ׯϵ ֍ . ֭ ӯ ִ֕֓ ֭֓ ֍ ߓ ֻ . ߍ ׸ãן ֟ӭ ָߍ ז֍ ִ ֻֻֿ . ֓ ׸ִ ֻ , ָ׾֪ ԟ ֭ ָ׾֪ ӯ ֳָ ־ֻ. '

ָӟ߻ ־Դ֭ ֟־Ꟶ֓ ָ߻ ׾־֭־ֹ ï™ פ , ׭֤ӓ ֖֭֟ פ ֵԓ ׭֕þ֍ߵ ׭׬ ־; ָ ֙ ָӟ߻ ׭־ ׾֛ ֐ ӓ ֻ ֭־ָ . ֍ ־ ָ ׸ãן־ֿ ӭ ӝ ֐ ֛. ִ ֖֭֟ ֓ ֤ ָ פ ֵ ֐ֻ. ָ פ ׍֍ӛ֓ ֕ ֓ ã֭֯ ֍ ߟ. ָ פ ׍֍ӛ ӓ ׭֕-þ֍ߵ ֲ . ֓ ֍߻?

֓ ֿӳ־ ׸ִ ֬֍֭ ӓ֓ ֲӟ Ӑ־ֵ֓ ֻ 'ֵ֍ ָ ӯ ֐־ֻ ׭֤ ӭӟָ ɝ ִԓ ׾֦ ֻ֯ ־ ָïָ ׾ָ ִ֟֟ӟָ֓ ֲֻֻ ָָ ־֍ ׿֏ָ־ָ ։ ֻ. ' ֓ ֝ԭ ӭ ָ ֬֍֭ ׿֏ָ־ָ ։ ֻ. ' ֓ ֝ԭ ӭ ָ ֬֍֭ ׻֟- ' ֬۟֍ ™߭ ־ԡ ֙ ֻ . ־ ӯϤ׵֍ ָָӭ ֳ֟֟ ־ . ֭µӓ ׾֍ ׍֍ӛ֓ ֵפ ߴ֓ ֝֓ ָ ױ . ־ ֟־ָ ׾׬׾֭֭֬ ָ . ӡ֓ ָ ׿־ֵ ؍ ׾׬ š֭ ׿־ֵ ֐ ֍ ־. ֍ ־, í֭ ֍ ־, ô ֍ ־. ִ֕ԭ ֍ ־ ؍ ։ ׯ։ ֍ ־. , ־ ׭± ִ՟ Ӭ׾ӭ ֣߭ ׭ָ ßӭ ֻ֯ ֭ؕ ָ . ָ  ֿ歵 ԭ , ֓ ֿ ָ, ןֵֿی ׳ִ֭ ӭ ֯ ִ ֟ ׾ָ֓߻ ӭ ߓ ӟ™ ֍ , ؍ ֭֟ ߑԍֵ՟ ӟ™ ֍ . ֭ӟָ ύָ ֻ , ׾֦ (ӛ) ֝֏ Ӑֻ ߟ߭ ֱ ֓ ϵ֟ . ׭֤ӓ ɾ֤ ؍ ӓ ֟־֤, ׭֤ӓ ֬۟֍ ߾֭ ؍ ӓ ז֍ ׍֍ӛ, ׭֤ӓ ֬۟֍ ߾֭ ؍ ӓ ז֍ ׍֍ӛ, ׭֤ӓ ָ ם ӓ þ֐ ָ ֍׾ֹФ ӵ ׬֍ פ ֵ՟ ֻ ֍ ־. ִ ٭ִԝ֓ ӟ ֹ . ύָ ִԓ ֟֍ָ ϟ߁ ֐ֻ , ß׾֍ ӳ߸ ׬֍ ֬۟֍ ם ־ָ֬ ֭µӓ פ ߾֭ӟ ֹ ֍ Ͼ ֍. ٴ֍ ֬ӟ֓ ד֟ ״֝ ֯ ־ֿ֍ , ֬ӟ ׾ֵ֍ ֭־֙ ֍ ӲӬ ־ ָïָ ӟ ׾Ӑ֟ ֻ֓ ï™ ֻ . , ־ԍ ӭ ϓ׻֟ ִԓ ֭־֙ ã֟߾ָ ֜׾ֻ. ӯ ӭ ֟֓ ן֍ ־ֿ֍ָ ָ ־׭ٴ֟ߓ ϵ֟ . ӓ ϵ֟ ן֍ þֹ֓ . ™ ӭ ׭֤ӓֵ ɾ֤ (ethical universalism) ԟ ֝֝֓ ϵ֟ ָ ™ ֕ ӓ ִ ֟ , ɝӓ ϳ㟾֯ ֕ ז֍ ׍֍ӛ ؍ ϓ׻֟ ִԯ ־ԟӡ þ֟ӡ ־ֵ . ֐־֤ߟ ֤ӟָ ׭֤ӭ ӓ ִֵ ֝֓ ۬֍ ֍׾ֹ ֬ӟӓ ״֝ ֓ ϵ֟ . ֯ϴ֝ ׭֤ ֻ֭ӟָ ϓ׻֟ ִԓ ϯӣ ָ ãן-ֻ֍ ύָ ׾ָ ָӓ ָ֓ ׭ָ׭ָ ֐ӟ ã֭֯ ֻ.  ִ֬ԭ ֻ֯ ֵ ֌ ֻ ֐־֤ߟ ֻ֯ ֓߭ ֻ׍ ֻ껵 ۿִ ֻ֯ ֵ ֌ ֻ.

ָ߻ ד֡֝ӟ ִ֬ ִԓ ֭֯֓ ־ ָ ֬֍֭ ֓ ֕ 'ִ֬ԭ ׭֤ӟ߻ ֟ӓ þߍָ . ' 㭵 ן֤֯֓ ָ־ע ߟ ֙. ָ פִ ׭–֤ӓ ֬ӟӓ ״֝ ֍׾ֹ ֻ֓ ֏־ ԭ֣ ִ֬ԓ ߣԍ ӓ ׭־ԝ֍ֻ .. 776 , ֭ ׿־ֵ ִ֬ ֟ ֭ ׭֤ӓ ֬ӟ ִ֬Կ ֟֟ ֝ פ ִԿ ֟ ߟ. ִ֬ԓ ֬ӟ ֻ֓ ֭֝ ӳ־֟/ ֵָ ߟ; ָ ӭߓ פ ֻ֓ ָ֏֛ ֜ , ֵ־ֹ֓ ֬ , פ ׍֍ӛ֓ ׾ָ ֻ ֭֟ ׍֍ӛ ־֛ ֻ פӭ ֻ֯ ãן ִֵ ֚֝ ֻ֯ ׾ָ ִԟ߻-ӟ ִ֬ ϴ ִԓ-֬۟֍ ֟־ָ ׭֤ӓ ֭ . ָ ֟֓ ™ ߟ ֟ӭ֓ ִ֣ԭ ֡ פ ׍֍ӛ֓ ߟ . ִ ֓ ׾ָ ֙ ִֵ . ֟: ׾ָ ֜ ֐ֻ. ֓ ָ . ԭ֣ ֻ. ӭ ֻ֯ ֤ӭ ֻ֯ ϳ־ ָ֓ ֏׾ֻ. ӓ֭ӟָ ־ ־ 200 ԭߓ ײָ֬ . ־߸ 㬤ӓ ֭ ֻ. פ ִԍ ׾ָ֓á ׾־֭ӓߓ ß ֻ . ָ ֓ ϓָ ָ֬ ֭֟ ֐ֻ . . ԭ֣ӭ 70 ֵ՟ ךך֝ ײָ ־ ָ֬ ֭֟ ִԓ ֤ פ. ֓ . ־߸ 㬤ӭ ӟָ . ֻ֯ ֬۟֍ ׾ָ֓ӭ ־׸ ֍ ֻ֯ ׾ָ֓֯ϴ֝ ߾֭ ֟ߟ ֓ Ͼߍ ӟ ׾ֿ ց פ . ָ ָ߻ ֯ӭ . פ-ӟ Ӧ, ֹ ֤ߓ ֟ ִ֕ ; ָ ָ߻ ִԴ֬ ֭µ֓ ־߭ ֟ ֭־ ִ֬ ֟֓ ןš ֓ߓ ֟ . ׾ָ֍ӓ ֬ӟӭ פ ִԓ ãן ִ֛ ֻ. ãן י׾֚֝ : ־߭ ™ ֟֟ ֓ ߓ ־ֿ֍ ӭ ϟߟ ֐ֻ , ֿ ־ֿ֍ ׭֤ӓ ֭ ꝵ֯ ϟߟ ֐ֻ . ִֵ֝ ֳָ֓ ֻ. ִ ם ָӓ ָ֟ ֭ ֭µִ֬߻ ֟֓ ןš ֍֟ ַ ־ָ֬ ֭֟ ֯ ָ־ .  ִԟ á ؍ ӭ ִ ָ֓ ׬֍ָ . ָ ӓ ֚ ֚ 㬤 ֍׸ ֕ ֟. ֓ ٟ ֳָ֭ . ֭֟ þ֟: ־ ָ ׾ָ֬ ָ אֻ֟껵 ִָ ֜ ֐ֻ ֓ ִָ ֿ֖ ֲ ߍ ׾ֵ ֭ ֐ֻ . ֳָӟ ֿ֖ ևԙ ֻ֓ Ӑ -֖ š ֻ֓ ֏׾ֻ . ֵָ֝ ӛӟ אֻ֟ , -֖ ־ָ ֮ ׾ӭ ֖ ֓ ϟց þ֟:֓ þߍָ . ׭:ց֯֟ ׾־֭ӓ ֟ ֻ , ֳָ ִ֝ Í߭ ϳ׾֟ ֻ .

ִԟ ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ӓ ֤֭-Ϥ֭ӓ ϣ  ָ ֻӓ . ' ֖֭֭֟ ן' ӣ֓ ֍ ִԤֿӍ ֿӍ ӭ '' ֯ֆ֯ӟ߻ Íָӓ ֤֭ Ϥ֭'' ׾ֵ־ָ ָ֣ߴ֬ ֟ ֟ӭ אֻ֟ , 'ָ ԓ ㏵ ߭ ִ ɝִ֬ (ִ) ָ ִ ןָ ִ֬. ӯ ִ ֻ֯ ֳ֭ߟ ֻ ׿ֻ֍ ִ ֟ ָӭ י ־ָ ׾־֭ӭ ־ֹ ֻ ֙ , ַ ִԓ ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ ֻ֯ӟ ִ־ ꝵ֓ ۟ ɝӟ . ֌ߓ ϳ־ӭ ַ֓ ß ֻ֯߿ ֍֟. ֵ֯ϴ֝ ֤ ֿ ֛־ָ ֐ֻ ָ ֛֓ ־ þ֟: ֝ ־ԡ ָ. ֻ ָ֬ ַ ֓ ԭ ֍ , ֍ ־ ֍. ֓֯ϴ֝ ɝӓֵ ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ӓ ӟ֐ӟ ַ ִԓ ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ Ͼ ɝӓ ֟. ӟָ ӟ ֓ ֓ ׭֝Ե ֌ ֟. ɝӓ ֟֟ ֓ ֌߯  ִ י ֍ .  ִԭ ֻ֯ þ֟ ی֟ ִ׾֚֝ ɝ ִԓ ֣֝ ׬֍ ֟ . ִ ִԓ ֵӟ حֳ֤־ ָ. ָ, ɝӭ ִԟ߻ ֵꐵ ™ ִ֭ ׿ׁ֟ ֭֟ ׾ֻ ,  ִԓ ㏵ ָ ֻ ֟֟ ֻ֯ פӯ֓ ӭ ֻ . ɝӓ 'ۯֻ֕' ִ֕ ־ֵ֓ ָ ֻ߻ ־ָ ׾ָ֓ ־.

1) ֐־֭ 㬤 ׾ ָ֟ ֻ֭. ֯֯֓ ӓ -ִ ־ӟ ִ׾™ פ.

2) ɝӓ ֖ ֬ӟ ֬ ֟ , ӭ '׻ֲ' פ.

3) 㬤֓ ָ߸֓ ӿ ֵ֡פ ־ ־֓ ֵֹ֭֡ ׸֟ ֻ.

4) ֓ ֟֯ӟߓ ӛ ӲӬߓ ָ֓-׾ָ֓ ɾ֤ӟ ִ׾™ .

5)  ִԓ ӓֲ㬤 ִ֬ԓ ӓִ ׿־ӟ ִ׾™ ֻ.

6) ֑ӓ '֕ד ύ' ןֳ֓ ׾֬֍ , ʝӓ ׭֤ӟ ׭֤֭֯ ִ׾™ ֻ.

7) ɝӓ ׸֕֍  ׳ց ֝-ָ֝ (ִ֝) ֭ ֻ.

ύָ  ִ ֯ ַ ֬֓ ִԓ Ӑ֯ϟӐִ֬ ־ԡ ֻ ֻ. Ӎӟ֓ ֵ־֤ӟ ˈ ׾֖֭־֤֯ߵӓ ֵ־Ӥ ֌ 㯟 ߟ߭ ִ׾™ ֝ ֵ־֤ ֤ ׭֤ӟ֓ ׭ֻ֑ ־; ִ֕ ӟߵӓ ֻ ם ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ ֻ֓ ։ ֍ ־, ''ם֍-֤, ֤ ֐ ӭ ӓ ֏ӛ ׭ֹ֝ ӟ ֻ ם֍ ӟ ִԓ ־߭ ָ ֛ . ׸ִ ֻ ,  ִ ֵԾ֟ԟ 㯟ֵ֯ ֻ. ßãן ָߟ߭ ִ֕ ֍߻. ''

֯ϴ֝  ִԓ ꝵֲֲ֟ ֻ֯ ׾ָ֓ ϐ֙ ֭ӟָ ֕ ɝֈ ִ ֟ ӿ ؍ ֯ ֻ, Ӑ֟ӭ ֟֟ ''֖ ֧ ד ֏׾ָ֝ ϣִ ӏֵ֓ ׯֻ , ӭ ֖֍ ֤֍ ֻ֓ אֻ֟ ׾׿™ ֖֯ þ֐ ״ ֻ ָ þ֐֓ ֻ ӯֻ֭ӟָ פ׿־ֵ ֟ . אֻ֟ . '' ֭ӟָ ֐־֟ ӯϤֵӟ ߍӭ ֭ . ָ . ߍӓ ֤ ӟ פ֭֯ ֻ֟ ִֻ ֪֓ Ӑ֭ ָ ־ԯύָ ֍ . ӓֻ 㬤֓ ֯ֆ֯ӟ߻ ִ ֭ ֟Ԭ֭׿־ֵ ָ ִԬ֭ ㌻֭֬ ֐֓ ־. ָ ֙ ֭ ֜ ֐ֻ. ֐־֟ ִ ց֯֟ ֍ . ־ ֻ֭ ָ ן֭֕ 㬤 . ָ ֭ӟ ֟ ֟. ָ ַ ֟ ֐ ӛ ֏ , ָ ֭֝ ֵָ ־ , ӟ߻ ן֯פ þֹ֓ ؍ ֌ ִ þֹ֓ .

'' ־ ֝ן֯֟ ֹ . ߾ ֐ԍ ־ֵ֓ ֭ ֓ ׸ ֐ ֚ ׬֍ ϴ֝ӟ ϵ֟ ם־֬֓ ֭ ֟ӭ ™ ֓ ־֭ ִ֬ ؍ ׾ִ֬ ־ ִ ï™ ֭ ָ ߣԍ . ''

''ָ ߣԍӯ ԭ֣ 23 ־߸ 24 ߣԍ ß׾֍ ן֍ ֯ . ߍ֭ӟָ ֻ . ֯ӯ ԭ֣ ֐־֭ 㬤֓ ־߸ 㬤 ִ֍ֻ߭ . ֯ӭ ï™֝ אֻ֟ , 㬤-ִ ߓ ӳ־֟ . ֓֯ϴ֝ ִԓ Ӿ־ָ ֿ֬ ӟ 㝵 ֯ . ׭ֵֿ ӭ ֻ֯ 㬤 ׸ӟ 㝵 ֯ . ׭ֵֿ ֵӭ ֻ֯ 㬤 ׸֭ ӑ֓ ϳ־֭ ֭֟ ָ׾ֻ. ֓ ִ֕־ָ ֍ ϳ־ ֛ , ִ֖֬ ִ Ӑ֝ ӟ:֯ ֵָ . ׾־֭ ִؓ֟֍ áߐ֝ ן֤֯ ֜ ֍߻, ָ ϟց ֤ פ ִԭָ ֍ ָ ֵ֐ ָ֟ ֻ ָ ֓ ןָÍָ ԍ ׭֭ ߻ ֻ֏ִ֭֬ ֿ֬ ַ ֵ֯ϴ֝ ֓ ӳ־֭֓ ߻. ''

֕ ָ߻ ׾־֭־ֹ ï™ , ɝ ִԟ ַӓ ™ ֟֟ ֓ ی . ָֻ߭ ׭֤ӭ ӓ ֟ ύָ ֻ֯ ֟ӟ ִ׾™ ֻ , ֝ ׭֤ӓ֓ ׻֍ ß . (ָ ֬֍֭ ӓ ֟ , ׭֤ӓ ֭ 㬤֭ӟָ ֻ .) ־ֹ ִ֓ ָ߻ ׾֭֬֓ ™ . ׭֤Ӵ֬ ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ӓ Թ ֜ , ־ֹ ׭֝Ե , '' ִ֬ ׭֤֯ ׭ֻ֑ ִԓ 'ӛ ' ֻ ӯԯ֝ ߓ . ִ֬ þ֟ӡ ִ , ֓ ֪ ϝ ߣԍ ֳ֤ ִ ם ӓ ֻ , ӭ ׾ ָ֟ ֻ֭ . ӓ ׾ָ֓ӓ ֵ ׭֤ӟ ־ֵ ״. ™ ׭֤-׾ָ֓' ß֍֓ ֻ߻ ֲ־ֹ ׬֍ ï™ .

''׭֤ ֙ ֐ִ ׾ָֻ֓ ֬ ָ֓׾ָ֓ ־߆ ֵ֝ ,  ֭֬ ϣִ ߕ ֵ֝ l ָ ָߍ '־ ߾ ɓ֍ ߾ ִ , ߾֭֬ ָ֟ , '֍ ָ ׭֐ԭ ㌻֭֬ ֵָ֝ ' ׾֐ ׭֤ ֌ ߴ־ָ Գ־ ׭֐ԭ ֬ ׾ָ֓ l ֪ ߣԛ ֳ֤ ֐ԭ ׭֐ԭ ֬ l ֔ ֭ ִ ׾ ָ֟ ֭ l''

ִ ִ֬ԓ ֬Ӵ֬ ֳ  . ӭ ϴ֝ ֭֟ ߟ. ôן֐ӣ ؍ ɝӓ ָ ֟ ӣ ϴֳ֝ ֭֟ ߟ. ׿־ֵ ӟ ֓ , ִ֬ԓ ٴ֍ ֟ ӓ ӛ ָ ׭ۿ֟ . ָ ִԟ ָïָ ׾ָ˸ ֬ӟ ־ ֻ֯ ׾ָ֓ ֟ ֻ֓ ־ ֟. ָ ™-׭ֵ֭ ™ ֭֟֟. ֭֟ ߟ. ֵӟ ֐֓ ™ ϻֵ ™ ֭֟֟ ָ ֐ פӟ ֻ֓ ֭֟֟. ֭֟֟ ָ ֐֭ פӟ ֻ֓ ֭֟֟. ֭֟֟ , ֭֭֟ ִ ˸ָ֓ ɤ֭ ϐ֙ ָ ֭֟֟. , ֵӟ ןߣԍ ֟֟ ֻ֯ ߾֭֓ ־־ָ ׬š ֟ ִԓ ֤ ֟. ֭֯ϴ֝ ֟ ֯ ֍֟ ָ ִ֟֯ϴ֝ ˌ ֭־ߵ ׬֍ָ֓ ֟ . ָ ӭ ֯ ֓ ָ ӭ µ ֭ ֻ ԓ ֿ ֚ ֯ . ™ ֢֍ þֹӟ ֭֟֟, ָ ֟֯ϴ֝ 恴 ꐤ׻֍ ֟ ߾֓ אϵ ߾֍ ֍™ ֓ ߾ֿ Ӭ . ֟֯ϴ֝ ָ֓ ی ֭ ֓ ֭µ ֳֻ . ָ ֭֟ϴ֝ ֻ֯ Ӑֻ ؍ ևԙ ԭ ֹ ߾ þ֟: ؍ : . ֭֟֟ , ㌟ ֻ ߾ ӟ ߑ ֵֻ֯՟ ֟ ؍ ӟ ߭ . ֝ ӓ ֟ , ㌟֕߾ ֓ ϳ֐ ִֵ֓ ׾ִָ֭֕ ֟֟. ִ֬՟ ִ-, ִ-, ã֭, ֐ԭ ֐ ֟ , ִ՟ ߓ ߟ. ֵֵ֭ӟ õ־֤, ֵ, ׭ց פ  ֟ , ָ ֵӟ ߓ ״ ߟ. ύָ ύָ ־ ֟ӭ ִԓ ֵ֓ ֬ ֍ן֍ ™߭ ֕ ֟ פ ֟ , ӟ ִԓ ֵ ֜֟ ӓ ֯ֆ֯ӟ - ־ָ 㬤 ֻ ֟.





2 ִ֬ ִ.



֟ ׾־֭ӓ ֟ , ִ֬ ִԓ ֏ . ָ þ֐ ֍ ӭ ϴ ï™֝ ֬ , þ֟ӡ ִ ִ֭֟ ־ֹ ֬ ֍ , ִ՟ ָ ִ ׭ֻ֑ .



߻ ִ֭֟.



ԭִ֬ ִԟ ύָ ִ֭֟ פ֟. ϴ֝ ֭ߟ ߟ. ֖ ׾ָ֬ . ֐׮ֵӟ þֹ ӟ ָ֓ ֢ ֭ߟ ߟ. ִ֬ ֟֓ ã֭֯ ߓ ־ ӓ ֟ . ֬ӟ֓ ֵ . ӓ ӑӟ ֬ ֬ ֯ ã֭ ֯ . ָ߻ ִ֭֟׿־ֵ ֝֏ ֓ ִ֭֟ , ־߸ 㬤 ִ֍ֻ߭ ӓ ֭ ײָ֬ ֻ , ־߸ӓ ֛߻ӓ Ӿ ֣֬ Ӿ ָ־ã 㬤֓ , 㬤֓ ֟ߓ Ӿ ָֿ Ӳָ ӯϤֵ֓ ֭֟ϴ֝ ־߸ӓ ֟ߓ Ӿ ָֿ . ָ ־ ִ֭֟ ִ՟ ׻֍ ־ֹ ִ ֐ ֐ ֻ֓ ï™ פ֟.



ӓ ٴ֍ ӣ ׭ָ . ן ׭ָ . ׭ָ . ֍ ־ ָ ٴ֍ ֬ӟ ֐֤ ׭ָ . ִ֬ ׭֟ ן֍ ߾ ֟֓ ß֟ ֭֟ ֭֟ , ֵ՟ ߾ ׻֍ Կ Ӭֻ ֵ՟ ָӟ ӟָ ㌟ ָ ֬׿ָֻ ։ ׾ִָ֭֕ ӟ ֵֻ֯՟ ۟֍ ӟ ֐ ֟ ֟. ָ  ߾ ֻ֟ ֭֟ ߟ. ӓ ֟֯ϴ֝ ֟ ؍ ߾ ֟֟ ׭֟ ֤֣ ם֍ ִԓ ӟ֭-ָָ ӟ֭ ָָ ׾ֿ֭ ֓ . ֓֯ϴ֝ ӟ֭ ָָ ֿ . ִԓ ֬ӟ ִ֬ԓ ֬ӟ֯ ֤ ֙ .

'־߸ ֬ ־ ָ ֯þ , ָ ֯ ֻ֭ӟָ 㬤 ֯þ ߟ ֬ ӭ ֻ֯ ־ ֣ ߾ִ֭֬ԍ ־ֻ. ־߸ӓ ց () ִ֟֬ ָ 㬤֓ ց -ִ ֻ֭. ִ 㬤 ׬֍ ֬ ֻ. ֓ , ־߸ -ִ֚֕ ׾ָ . 㬤֯ϴ֝ ӓ ׿µ . ӓ ӑ ӑ ָ. ָ ָ֓ ߴꓵ ֓ ־ ֻ . '

־߸ 㬤ӓֵ ߾֭ӟ߻ ָ߻ ׾ֿ֝ ִԭ ׾־֭ . Դ֭ ׻֟- '. ־߸ ׾ֿ–֟: ӟִԏ Ͼߓ 㬤 ֭֟׳ִ þֳ־֓ . ־߸ ִ֕ӟ ״֯ ֟ ֟ 㬤 -ִ֕֓ ߟ ֟, ™ Ӑ־ֹ ׬֍ ï™ , ָ 㬤ӓ ׿µ ӭ ֝֓ ִ֡֝ ָ ֓ þߍָ ֓ ָ ֟ ֟. ָ ־߸ ֭֟ , ִ֕-߾ֲָָ֭ ֬ӓ ύָ ӲӬ ߍ . ֝֏ , 㬤 ß֭ ֟ ֟ ֿ ֝ ߟ ֟ ֻ֯ ָ֓ ׾ָ֓ӟ ָ ߟ ߟ ӭ ֵ֤ ֟ ֻ֯ӟ ״ ꝵ֓ ֬ ָ ߟ ֟. ָ ־߸ӓ ֲ֟ ™ פ , ֬۟֍ ֤ ֚ ؍ ֚ ֚ ӭ ׾ֻ פ . ָ ֭µ ٴ֍ ֓ ֚ ӓ֕־ ָ ־ָ߸ ֻ֯ ֱ ֬ӟӭ ֹ ֓ ָ ; ָ ֯ ߟ ֟. ' ָ אֻ֟껵 ָ־ֹ ִ֬ ִ þ֟ӡ , ӟ ָ ׭ֻ֑ ; ֻ ָ ߑԍֵֻ֯՟ ִ ֓ ӟ ߑԍֵֻ֯՟ Ӿֹֻ ֻ. ֓ ַ־ָ ׸ִ ֻ ־֟ .



3 ִ֬ ִֻ֭ ִ.



ִֻ֭ ִԓ ã֭ӟ ֻ ֻ ָ ׍ ֟֍ֵ՟ ִԓ ָӟԐ֟ ֭֟ ׭֍ ӲӬ ֓ ַ־ָ ϳ־ ֛ . ִֻ֭ӓ ־՟ ׬֍ ׸ִ ӓ ã֯֟֍ ד֡֍ָ ֻ. ӓ ã֯֟ ϳ־ ִֻ֭ӓ ã֯֟ ָ ֛ . ָ ֓ ϵ֭ . ִ֓ ϵ֭ ִ֬ԓ ٴ֍ ִ֬ ִԾָ ִֻ֭ ִԓ ֵ ϳ־ ֛ ֲ֧ ; ִֻ֭ ִԓ ִ֬Ծָ ֓ ׸ִ ָ ֻ , ִ֬ ֟ ٟ֯-׾ָ ӯϤֵ֓ ֭ ֻ. ִֻ֭ӓ ٟ֯ ׾ָ ٟ֏ӛ ִ ֿ ֐ ֭ӟ ־֭ ׭ִԝ ֻ ӟ֓ ã֭֍ ӯϤֵ ָ ӣ ӓ ã֭֯ ֻ.

ִֻ֭ ִԾָ ִ֬ԓ ֜ ϳ־ ֏׾֟ӭ ָ ֭֯ ӭ ִ֬ԓ ֛ ϳ־ Ӿֵ֓ ӣӟ A. furher. V. Kremer ӓ ׭ֲӬ֓ ֻ ׻ , ֟־ ֻ ӭ (973 1058) ֻ֯ ן֍ ֬ӟ ִ֬ԓ ϳ־֭ ãׯ֟ . ֓ ֝ԭ ӭ ָ ӭ ߻ ϴ֝ ׻ , ' ָ ߟ ֟. 㬤 ߟ ־, ָ ֭֟ , ևԴ ָӓ ֓ ߻ ֜ ֟ ִ ֯֓ . ֵ՟ ֌ ֵ՟ ָ ߟ ־. ӭ ֬֓ ֐ ӛ ֟ ־. ָ á֓ ™߭ ӭֿ֯ϴ֝ ֟ . ֵӟ ֍֓ ֛־ ֻߟ ֟. ָ ֵֿ ָ ֓ ֛֟ ֵӟ ֝֝ ֯ ִ֕֟ ֟. ך֝ ֐ ֓ ӭ Ͽ ֟ , ' ֚֓ ӯ á . ' ֓ ֝ , ׳֍ַ ֯ ֿ ߾֤֭ ׬֍ ™ . '

֐֟, ߾ָ, ָ, ֬㟵֐ פ ׾ֵӲӬߓ ӓ ց֯֟ ֏׾֟ , ӓ ׾ָ֓־ָ ִ֬ԓ ׾ֿ֟: פֲָ ӯϤֵ֓ ϳ־ ֛ . ֆ  פֵ֯՟ ֐֤֤ . ָ֯ 껵 ַֿ֯ ߓ Ӑֻ ׭™ Ӳ֬ ־ ׬֍ ӳ־֭ߵ .

ӓ Ӿֹ פ , ָӟ߻ ִԓ ֭ . ָӟ߻ ֬ ֏ ֜ߟ ߟ. ™ߓ ӭ . ֓ ֬ ־֛ . ָӟ߻ ֬ ד֟ꓵ ې ֻ ֟ ™ ֵֿԍָ ֙ . ύָ ָ ִ ֭֟֟. '㌵ ֭ ӟ , ӓ ӻ֭ Ο֓ ֭ . ָ Ο þ֟: ֍ ־ ־ ™߾ֹ ֙ , ֓ ֿ ׸ֵ ֻ ӓ  ٴ֍ ֬ӟ ֻ֭ .