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Apramadasutra

  Siksasutra
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SamanSuttam

17. Ratnatrayasutra

PRECEPTS ON THREE JEWELS 三大要旨

(A) VYAVAHARA-RATNATRAYA The three jewels understood from the stand-point of vyavahara-naya (practical view-point). 从经验的角度对三大要旨进行理解

Dhammadisaddahanam, sammattam nanamangapuvvagadam.

Cittha tavamsi cariyha, vavaharo mokkhamaggo tti. (208)

To have faith in the existence of (substances like) dharma etc. is right faith, to have acquaintance with the texts called Anga and Purva is right knowledge, to perserve in the performance of penance is right conduct. These three constitute the pathway-to-emancipation understood from the standpoint vyavahara-naya. (208)

正确的信仰就是从物质存在的角度来认识问题;正确的知识就是了解Anga以及Purva的著作;正确的操守就是不断地进行修行。以上三点就是从现实的角度对于解脱之路的理解。

 

Nanena janai bhave, damsanena ya saddahe.

Carittena niginhai, tavena parisujjhai. (209)

One understands by his (right) knowledge the nature of substances, develops belief in them by his (right) faith and controls himself by his (right) conduct and purifies his soul by penance (i.e., austerities). (209)

人们通过知识来认识事物的本质,通过正确的信仰来树立信心,通过他的行为来进行自律,通过修行来净化他的灵魂。

 

Nanam carittahinam, limgaggahanam ca damsanvihinam.

Samjamahinam ca tavam, jo carai niratthayam tassa. (210)

Knowledge without right conduct, acceptance of the asceticism without right faith and observance of austerities without self-control are all futile. (210)

没有正确行为的知识,没有正确信仰的禁欲以及没有自律的简朴的生活是无意义的。

 

Nadamsanissa nanam, nanena vina na humti caranaguna.

Agunissa natthi mokkho, natthi amokkhassa nivvanam. (211)

Without right faith, there cannot be right knowledge; without right knowledge, there cannot be right conduct; without right conduct, there cannot be release from Karmas; without release of Karmas there cannot be nirvana (salvation). (211)

没有正确的信仰就不会有正确的知识;没有正确的知识就不会有正确的行为;没有正确的行为就不会从因果报应中解脱;不能够从因果报应中解脱就不会有拯救。

 

Hayam nanam kiyahinam, haya annanao kiya.

Pasamto pamgulo daddho, dhavamano ya andhao. (212)

Right knowledge is of no use in the absence of right conduct, action is of no use in the absence of right knowledge. Certainly, in the case of conflagration the lame man burns down even if capable of seeing while the blind man burns down even if capable of running away. (212)

没有正确的行为,正确的知识就没有意义;没有正确的知识,行为也就没有意义。就像在突发的大火中,跛足的人因为无法逃脱而会丧身大火,而盲人则会因为无法视物而不能逃脱。

 

Samjoasiddhii phalam vayanti, na jhu egacakkena raho paydi.

Andho ya pamgu ya vane samicca, te sampautta nagaram pavittha. (213)

The desired result is attained when there is a harmony between right knowledge and right conduct, for a chariot does not move by one wheel. This is like a lame man and a blind man come together in a forest and manage to reach the town with the help of one another. (213)

一个好的结果就是在正确的知识和正确的行为中得到一个平衡点,就像站车只靠一个轮子就不能前进一样。如果一个跛足的人和一个盲人互相帮助的话,他们在森林中就能够生存下去并最终走出森林。

 

(B) NISCAYA-RATNATRAYA The three jewels understood from the standpoint of niscaya-naya (real view-point.) 从实际的角度对三大要旨进行理解

Sammaddamsanananam, eso lahadi tti navari vavadesam.

Savvanayapakkharahido, bhanido jo so samayasaro. (214)

The self is characterised by right faith and right knowledge is merely an assertion (by vyavaharanaya). In reality what transcends all points of view is said to be the Self (Samayasara) (214)

使自我具有正确的信仰和正确的知识只是一种理想。从现实的角度来说,只有自我能够超越一切。

 

Damsanananacarittani, sevidavvani sahuna niccam.

 Tani puna jana tinni vi, appanam ceva nicchayado. (215)

From practical point of view faith, knowledge and conduct should always be cherished by saints. But they must know that from real point of view these three are the self. (215)

从经验的角度来说,信仰、知识以及行为应当总是为圣人所珍惜。但是他们一定知道在现实中,这三点就是自我。

 

Nicchayanayena bhanido, tihi tehim samahido hu jo appa.

Na kunadi kimci vi annam, na muyadi so mokkhamaggo tti. (216)

It is said from the real point of view that, the soul who comprises all the three together; and does not act otherwise or depart from this even in the slightest degree, follows the path of Liberation. (216)

从现实的角度来说,由这三点组成的灵魂,不会有错误的行为,也不会丝毫偏离解脱之路。

 

Appa appammi rao, sammaitthi havei phudu jivo.

Janai tam sannanam, caradiha carittamaggo tti. (217)

Right faith means a soul engrossed in itself; Right knowledge is knowledge of the real (nature of) the soul; Right conduct consists in faithful pursuit of that path. (217)

正确的信仰就是关注于自己的灵魂;正确的知识就是对灵魂本质的认识;正确的行为就是指对解脱之路的虔诚的追随。

 

Aya hu maham nane, aya me damsane caritte ya.

Aya paccakkhane, aya me samjame joge. (218)

Certainly, my soul is my right knowledge, my right faith, my right conduct, my renunciation of evil acts, my self-restraint and my meditation. (218)

当然,我的灵魂就是我正确的知识,我正确的信仰,我正确的行为,我从罪恶行为中的解脱,我的自律以及我的冥思。