Precepts Of Installation 关于分类
Juttisujuttamagge, jam caubheena hoi khalu
Kajje sadi namadisu, tam nikkhevam have samae. (737)
There is a description of four types of Niksepas (ascriptions) as naming etc.
in the scriptures
to understand the right meaning of a proposition. (737)
Davvam vivihasahavam, jena sahavena hoi tam jheyam.
Tassa nimittam kirai, ekkam pi ya davva caubheyam. (738)
A substance is possessed of various characteristics and for the sake of that
which is presently under consideration, one and the same thing is described in
four ways. (738)
Nama tthavana davvam, bhavam taha jana hoi
Davve sanna namam, duviham pi ya tam pi vikkhayam. (739)
Nama, Sthapana, Dravya, Bhava-these four ways provide the concept of niksepa.
Of these nama
stands for the name of the thing concerned and is of two types. (739)
Nama, Sthapana, Dravya,
Sayara iyara thavana, kittima iyara du bimbaja
Iyara iyara bhaniya, thavana ariho ya nayavvo. (740)
Sthapana is of two types-that which resembles the real shape of that for which
is stands, and
that which does not. When there is a supposition of one object in the other,
it is called
sthapana Niksepa, for example, supposing an idol of an arhat as an arhat.
Davvam khu hoi duviham, agama-noagamena jah
Arahamta-sattha-jano, anajutto davva-arihamto.
Noagamam pi tiviham, deham nanissa bhavikammam ca.
Nanisariram tiviham cuda cattam cavidam ceti. (741 & 742)
Dravya (= potency) is of two types-viz. agamato (=that in respect of an
authentic text) and
no-agamato (=that not in respect of an authentic text). Thus the person who
knows an authentic
text pertaining to an Arhat and yet is not making use of this knowledge of his
Arhat. Similary, no-agamato dravya is of three types-viz. the knower's body,
the would be knower,
one acting in a manner appropriate to the thing concerned. And the knower's
body is of three
types-viz. one fallen, one given up, one make to fall. (741 & 742)
Agama-noagamado, taheva bhavo vi hodi davvam va.
Arahamtasatthajano, agamabhavo du arahamto.
Taggunae ya parinado, noagamabhava hoi arahamto.
Taggunaei jhada, kevalanani hu parinado bhanio. (743 & 744)
Like dravya bhava (=reality) too is of two types-viz. agamato (=that in
respect of an authentic
text) and no-agamato (=that not in respect of an authentic text). Thus the
person who knows an
authentic text pertaining to an Arhat and is also making use ofthis knowledge
Arhat. On the other hand, the person who ahas developed the virtuous qualities
appropriate to an
Arhat or one who while equipped with those qualities, undertakes meditation
and so is considered
to have become a Kevalajnanin (=Arhat) is no-agamatobhava Arhat. (743 & 744)